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ISP - BTT1O

TERM TABLE
TERM

DEFINITION In Your Own Words!!!

1. Computer

An electronic device for storing and


processing data, typically in binary form,
according to instructions given to it in a
variable program.

2. Desktop

Denoting a piece of equipment such as a


computer that is suitable for use at an
ordinary desk.

3. Icon

A person or thing regarded as a


representative symbol of something.

4. Shortcut

An accelerated way of doing or achieving


something.

5. Taskbar

A bar at the edge of the display of a


graphical user interface that allows quick
access to current or favorite applications.

6. Wallpaper

A pattern or picture used to represent the


desktop surface (screen background) in a
graphical user interface

7. Hardware

The machines, wiring, and other physical


components of a computer or other
electronic system.

8. Software

The programs and other operating


information used by a computer.

9. CPU

The CPU is the brains of the computer where


most calculations take place.

10.

Modem

A combined device for modulation and


demodulation, for example, between the
digital data of a computer and the analog
signal of a telephone line.

11.

Peripheral

A peripheral device.

12.

Input Device

Input device is a peripheral (piece of


computer hardware equipment) used to
provide data and control signals to an
information processing system such as a

computer or information appliance.


13.

Output Device

An output device is any device used to send


data from a computer to another device or
user. Most computer data output that is
meant for humans is in the form of audio or
video.

14.

CD-RW

A blank compact disc that can be recorded,


erased, and rerecorded many times.

15.

DVD-R

A blank DVD on which data, including music


and movies, can be permanently recorded
and read using the DVD+R format.

16.

Byte

A group of binary digits or bits (usually eight)


operated on as a unit

17.

RAM

Random access memory, a type of computer


memory that can be accessed randomly; that
is, any byte of memory can be accessed
without touching the preceding bytes

18.

ROM

ROM retains its contents even when the


computer is turned off. ROM is referred to as
being non-volatile, whereas RAM is volatile.

19.

Word Processor

A program or machine for storing,


manipulating, and formatting text entered
from a keyboard and providing a printout.

20.

Formatting

(Especially in computing) arranges or put


into a format. Prepare (a storage medium) to
receive data.

21.

Title bar

A horizontal bar at the top of a window,


bearing the name of the program and
typically the name of the currently active
document.

22.

Menu Bar

A horizontal bar, typically located at the top


of the screen below the title bar, containing
drop-down menus.

23.

Font

font is the combination of typeface and other


qualities, such as size, pitch, and spacing

24.
Portrait
Orientation

A page with portrait orientation, typical for


letters, memos, and other text documents, is
taller than it is wide.

25.
Landscape
Orientation

Landscape refers to whether the document is


oriented vertically or horizontally.

26.

Margins

The edge or border of something.

27.

Indent

Start (a line of text) or position (a block of

text, table, etc.) further from the margin than


the main part of the text.
28.

Bullets

A small symbol, such as a solid circle, printed


just before a line of type, such as an item in
a list, to emphasize it.

29.

Columns

A column is a set of data values of a


particular simple type, one for each row of
the table. The columns provide the structure
according to which the rows are composed.

30.

Justify

Show or prove to be right or reasonable.

31.

Alignment

Arrangement in a straight line, or in correct


or appropriate relative positions.

32.
Desktop
Publishing

The production of printed matter by means


of a printer linked to a desktop computer,
with special software. The system enables
reports, advertising matter, company
magazines, etc., to be produced cheaply with
a layout and print quality similar to that of
typeset books, for xerographic or other
reproduction.

33.

Graphics

The products of the graphic arts, especially


commercial design or illustration.

34.

Design Elements

Shape. A shape is defined as a two or more


dimensional area that stands out from the
space next to or around it due to a defined or
implied boundary.

35.

Text Box

An on-screen rectangular frame into which


you type text. Text boxes are used to add
text in a drawing or paint program.

36.

Text Art

Text art has a distinct relationship to


performance art. Performance art typically
defines a performance discipline at its core
and uses text

37.

Spreadsheet

An electronic document in which data is


arranged in the rows and columns of a grid
and can be manipulated and used in
calculations.

38.

Worksheet

A paper listing questions or tasks for


students.

39.

Cell

A spreadsheet cell is analogous to a field in


database management systems. Individual
cells are usually identified by a column letter
and a row number.

40.

Row

A horizontal set of data or components. In a


graph, it is called the "x-axis." Contrast with
column.

41.

Column

The size of a text display is usually measured


in rows and columns.

42.

Cell Address

A cell is the intersection between a row and a


column on a spreadsheet that starts with cell
A1.

43.

Range

The term range may refer to one of three


things: The possible values that may be
stored in a variable. The upper and lower
bounds of an array. An alternative to iterator.

44.

Label

A label is text within a cell, usually describing


data in the rows or columns surrounding it.

45.

Value

The content of a field or variable. It can refer


to alphabetic as well as numeric data

46.

Formula

An arithmetic expression that solves a


problem.

47.
Electronic
Presentation

A presentation using multimedia of voice,


images, and electronic files (such as
Microsoft Word, Excel, or PowerPoint

48.

Slide

Slide presentation is a series of pictures or


pages of information, often displayed on a
large screen using a video projector.

49.

Transition

The joining of those clips is the transition


from one to the other.

50.
Animation
Scheme

Animation schemes in PowerPoint allow you


to add pre-set visual effects to paragraphs,
bulleted items and titles from a variety of
animation groupings, namely Subtle,
Moderate and Exciting.

51.
Internet Web
Browser

Browsers are primarily intended to use the


World Wide Web; they can also be used to
access information provided by web servers
in private networks or files in file systems.

52.

Hyperlink

Create a hyperlink between (documents or


parts of a document).

53.

World Wide Web

An information system on the Internet that


allows documents to be connected to other
documents by hypertext links, enabling the
user to search for information by moving
from one document to another.

54.

Search Engine

A program that searches for and identifies

items in a database that correspond to


keywords or characters specified by the user,
used especially for finding particular sites on
the World Wide Web.
55.

E-Mail

Messages distributed by electronic means


from one computer user to one or more
recipients via a network.

56.

Netiquette

The correct or acceptable way of


communicating on the Internet.

57.

Emoticon

A representation of a facial expression such


as:-) (Representing a smile), formed by
various combinations of keyboard characters
and used in electronic communications to
convey the writer's feelings or intended tone.

58.

Domain Name

The part of a network address that identifies


it as belonging to a particular domain.

59.

Web Surfing

Is readily available to the general public and


searchable with standard web search
engines. It is the opposite of the deep web.

60.

Ethics

Computer Ethics is a part of practical


philosophy which concerns with how
computing professionals should make
decisions regarding professional and social
conduct.

61.

Utilitarian View

A system of ethics according to which the


rightness or wrongness of an action should
be judged by its consequences.

62.

Deontology View

Is the normative ethical position that judges


the morality of an action based on the
action's adherence to a rule or rules

63.

Piracy

Software piracy is the illegal copying,


distribution, or use of software. It is such a
profitable "business" that it has caught the
attention of organized crime groups in a
number of countries.

64.

Copyright

The exclusive legal right, given to an


originator or an assignee to print, publish,
perform, film, or record literary, artistic, or
musical material, and to authorize others to
do the same.

65.

Patent

Patient is used to describe interactive


computer simulations used in health care
education. The special focus is targeted on
the simulation of clinical processes with

virtual patients.
66.

Spam

Irrelevant or inappropriate messages sent on


the Internet to a large number of recipients.

67.

Virus

A piece of code that is capable of copying


itself and typically has a detrimental effect,
such as corrupting the system or destroying
data.

68.

Phishing

The activity of defrauding an online account


holder of financial information by posing as a
legitimate company.

69.

Pharming

Pharming is a scamming practice in which


malicious code is installed on a personal
computer or server, misdirecting users to
fraudulent Web sites without their knowledge
or consent.

70.

Ergonomics

The study of people's efficiency in their


working environment.

71.

RSI

Ailments of the hands, neck, back and eyes


due to computer use. The remedy for RSI is
frequent breaks which should include
stretching or yoga postures.

72.

MSI

(MicroSoft Installer) See Windows Installer.


(2) (Medium Scale Integration) Between 100
and 3,000 transistors on a chip. See SSI, LSI,
VLSI and ULSI.

73.

CSR

A certificate signing request (also CSR or


certification request) is a message sent from
an applicant to a certificate authority in order
to apply for a digital identity certificate.

74.

E-Waste

Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment


(WEEE) - is the term used to describe old,
end-of-life or discarded appliances using
electricity. It includes computers, consumer
electronics, fridges