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TABLE OF CONTENTS:

1. ABSTRACT
2. SITE EXECUTION
3. ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF G+3 BUILDING
4. ARCHITECTURER PLAN IN AUTO CADD
5. DRAFTED PLAN IN STAAD.RPO
6. MODELLING DONE IN STAADPRO
7. LOADS APPLIED IN STAAD PRO
7.1 SEISMIC LOADS
7.2 WIND LOADS
7.3 DEAD LOADS
7.4 LIVE LOADS
7.5 LOAD COMBINATION
8. ANALYSIL COMMANDS
9. DESIGN PARAMETERS

10. POST PROCESSING FACILITIES


11. BEAM DESIGN
12. COLUMN DESIGN

1. ABSTRACT:
The principle objective of this project is to analysis and design a residential Multi-storied
building [G +3 (3 dimensional frame)] using STAAD Pro. This residential building is a
multi- storied framed structure. The building frame consists of multi-storied and multi
paneled network of beams, columns etc., which are built monolithically and rigidly at their
joints/junctions. Residential structures are now days very commonly adopted in urban

areas to meet the day by day requirements of the (rapid growth) population, and at same
time the cost of the land is also very expensive and sacristy sometimes. These residential
building structures can facilitate the accommodation for more number of shops in much
smaller plinth area when compare to individual (house) construction the structure consists
of 3 floors to accommodate different classes of residential office buildings .The ground
floor total area is provided for parking purpose. The advantages of frames structure are
mentioned below. The design involves load calculations manually and analyzing the whole
structure by STAAD Pro. The structure was subjected to Earthquake Load i.e., Seismic
Load dead load, live load and 1.5(DL+LL).The design methods used in STAAD-Pro
analysis are Limit State Design conforming to Indian Standard Code of Practice.
STAAD.Pro features a state-of-the-art user interface, visualization tools, powerful analysis
and design engines with advanced finite element and dynamic analysis capabilities. From
model generation, analysis and design to visualization and result verification, STAAD.Pro
is the professionals choice. The Complicated and high-rise structures need very time
taking and cumbersome calculations using conventional manual methods. STAAD.Pro
provides us a fast, efficient, easy to use and accurate platform for analyzing and designing
structures.

2. SITE EXECUTION
Involvements:

Site inspection of footing, columns and staircases.


Calculation of steel quantities and reinforcement details based on structural
designs.

Site inspection of footing, columns and staircases:

Site execution done for excavation using proclainer for more than 40 column
positions.

Site inspection during rod bending and P.C.C bed layout


Verification of materials and quantity calculation during the site work and

coordinating the labour for various works.


Estimation done for the project and cost analysis for various projects
Column marking and column position for various column sizes and scrutinized

different elements in the structure


Marking of staircase and lift portion and their specific structural steel calculation.
Full-fledged site knowledge on the specified elements and acted as in inspection
authority on behalf of GSR consultants.

Calculation of steel quantities and reinforcement details based on structural


designs:

Calculated steel quantities for different columns and beams based on structural

design.
Calculated steel quantities for different footings and beams based on structural

design.
Verification of estimated quantities by respected authority and making corrections.
Quantities calculated for both R.C.C and steel.
Steel calculations are done based on BAR BENDING SCHEDULE.
Calculation of M25 grade of concrete based on IS10262:2009 and estimating the

materials required.
Steel quantities are based on the formula (Pi * D2) x No. of Rods both for columns

and beams.
And Quantities are based on bar bending schedule Excel sheet and their respective
formulae.

Site inspection and verification for slab and beam reinforcements:


Daily inspection and verification of site as per given task.
Shuttering placements as per given design.
Slab reinforcement (two way slab) details as per given design and placing on site.
Beam reinforcement details as per given design and placing on site.
Site inspection during rod bending and P.C.C bed layout.
Column marking and column position for various column sizes and scrutinized
different elements in the structure

Shuttering and concreting for all components in the structure and


execution as well:

Beam reinforcement design and placed on the slab.


Main bars and distribution bars are placed for slab reinforcement

SLAB REINFORCEMENT
Co-ordination of materials and labour for the specific task required for the
day:

Verification of materials and quantity calculation during the site work and
coordinating the labour for various works.

Verification of estimated quantities by respected authority and making

corrections.
Calculate the quantity of materials per day.
Drawings are drawn as per Buildings laws which are as follows:
Requirements for high rise buildings
Site inspection for earth filling and reinforcement
Estimation of concrete

Drawings are drawn as per Buildings laws which are as follows:

REQUIREMENTS FOR HIGH RISE BUILDINGS:

(a) High Rise Buildings / Complexes

The minimum size of plot for High Rise building shall be 2000sq.m.
In respect of sites proposed for high rise buildings and affected in road widening
where there is shortfall of the net plot size, up to 10% of such shortfall in net plot
area would be considered with the proposed height and corresponding minimum

all round setbacks.


Every application to construct or reconstruct a High Rise building or alteration to
existing High Rise building shall be made in the prescribed form and accompanied
by detailed plans, floor plans of all floors along with complete set of structural
drawings and detailed specifications duly certified by a qualified licensed

structural engineer.
Prior Clearance from Airport Authority: For any High Rise Building located in
the vicinity of airports as given in the National Building Code, the maximum
height of such building shall be decided in consultation with the Airport Authority

and shall be regulated by their rules / requirements.


Prior No Objection Certificate (NOC) from the Andhra Pradesh State Disasters
Response & Fire Services Department: For all High Rise Buildings prior No
objection Certificate (NOC) from the Andhra Pradesh State Disasters Response &

Fire Services Department shall be obtained and copy of the approved plan and No
Objection Certificate (NOC) issued by the said department shall be enclosed along

with the building application.


In every high rise building site, an organized open space shall be utilized as
greenery, tot lot or soft landscaping, etc. shall be provided over and above the
mandatory setbacks to be left in and around the building. This space shall be at
least 10% of total site area at ground level open to sky and shall be a minimum
width of 3m. This may be in one or more pockets with minimum area of 50sq.m at

each location.
In addition to the above, a minimum of 2m wide green planting strip in the
periphery on all sides within the setbacks are required to be developed and

maintained.
Buildings abutting major road of 30m and above width shall be permitted only
after providing black-topped service roads of minimum 7m width with minimum 2
Lane carriageway with in the defined right of way. It will be the responsibility of
the developer / builder / owner to provide the above service road of the standards
fixed by the Sanctioning Authority at his own cost. The Sanctioning Authority
may consider sanctioning building permission if the developer / builder / owner
deposits the full cost for laying such service road to the Sanctioning Authority.
The amount so levied and collected shall be maintained in a separate exclusive

account by the Sanctioning Authority and utilized only for this purpose.
In case of high rise buildings up to 30m height, it is permitted to transfer up to 2m
of setback from one side to the other side, which needs to be uniform at any given
point, subject to maintaining of minimum setback of 7m on all sides subject to not

exceeding the permissible / allowable plinth area.


The balcony projection of up to 2m may be allowed projecting onto the open

spaces for upper floors from 6m height onwards.


Where the lighting and ventilation of a building is through the means of a chow or
inner courtyard or interior open space/duct, such open space shall be open to sky
and area of at least 25sq.m and no side shall be less than 3m.

Site inspection for earth filling and reinforcement

Earth filling is done up to a height of 5 feet. This is one of the important work
which is done after foundation process. Up to 3 feet height red soil is used I filling over
the total area. It is compacted thoroughly in order to get required density. Lates up to 2 feet
quarry dust is used in filling process.
The reinforcement for column is raised. 16 mm and 20 mm size iron bars are used
for column reinforcement. The external columns are of size 1.5 feet*9 feet and internal
columns are of size 1 feet* 4feet. On next shuttering is arranged for columns. The
shuttering used iron shuttering. The concrete is poured in the columns. The grade of
concrete used I columns is M25 whose mix ratio is 1:1:2. The internal vibrator that is
needle vibrator is used for compaction the columns are up to a height of an out. The
columns are raised up to a height of 3 meters

3. ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF G+3 BUILDING:

In this training period I am learning for the design and analysis of residential and
commercial buildings.
For this fortnight report I learn site inspection and how to analyses of multi storey
building.
The building is regular in plan and in elevation having storey height of Hst = 3.0m
where all storeys are of the same height.
The building consist of square columns, beams of width 0.3m and slab thickness
of 150mm. the size of column is constant throughout all storey and the size of
beam is constant throughout each storey.
We know about slab it is major part in building and they are two types of slabs
1. One way slab
2. Two way slab

STAAD.Pro has a very interactive user interface which allows the users to draw the
frame and input the load values and dimensions. Then according to the specified
criteria assigned it analyses the structure and designs the members with
reinforcement details for RCC frames.
We considered a 3-D RCC frame with the dimensions of 4 bays @5m in x-axis and
3 bays @5m in z-axis. The y-axis consisted of G +5 floors. The total numbers of
beams in each floor were 28 and the numbers of columns were 16. The ground
floor height was 4m and rest of the 7 floors had a height of 3.0m.
Open staad pro
new project
select on space

Units
select ok
add beam or structure wizard
Length, no of bays & length, no of bays & width, no of bays.
Select property
define property
select supports and assign

Select load & definitions


Dead load

Uniform load
trapezoidal

uniform moment

linear varying

The design of the building is dependent upon the minimum requirements as


prescribed in the Indian Standard Codes. The minimum requirements pertaining to
the structural safety of buildings are being covered by way of laying down
minimum design loads which have to be assumed for dead loads, imposed loads,
and other external loads, the structure would be required to bear.
Beams are designed for flexure, shear and torsion. If required the effect of the axial
force may be taken into consideration. For all these forces, all active beam loadings
are prescanned to identify the critical load cases at different sections of the beams.
For design to be performed as per IS: 13920 the width of the member shall not be
less than 200mm.
Columns are designed for axial forces and biaxial moments per IS 456:2000.
Columns are also designed for shear forces.
1 The minimum grade of concrete shall preferably be M20
2. Steel reinforcements of grade Fe415 or less only shall be used.
3. The minimum dimension of column member shall not be less than 200 mm. For
columns having unsupported length exceeding 4m, the shortest dimension of
column shall not be less than 300 mm.
4. The ratio of the shortest cross-sectional dimension to the perpendicular
dimension shall preferably be not less than 0.

4. ARCHITECTURER PLAN

5. DRAFTED PLAN IN STADD .PRO

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DRAFTED PLN WITH SUPPORTS IN STAAD PRO

6. MODELLING DONE IN STAD.PRO

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7. LOADS APPLIED:
7.1 SEISMIC LOADS
7.2 WIND LOADS
7.3 DEAD LOADS
7.4 LIVE LOADS
7.5 LOAD COMBINATION
LOADS CONSIDERED:

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7.1 SEISMIC LOAD:


Seismic loads are taken as per is :1893-2002

Earthquake load at +ve x direction

Earthquake load at ve x direction

Earthquake load at +ve Z direction

earthquake load at ve Z direction

7.2 WIND LOADS:


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Wind loads are taken as per is: 875

Wind load at +ve X direction

wind load at ve X direction

Wind load at +ve Z direction

Wind load at Z direction

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.3 Dead Loads:
All permanent constructions of the structure form the dead loads. The dead load comprises
of the self weight, weights of walls, partitions floor finishes, false ceilings, false floors and
the other permanent constructions in the buildings. The dead load loads may be calculated
from the dimensions of various members and their unit weights. the unit weights of plain
concrete and reinforced concrete made with sand and gravel or crushed natural stone
aggregate may be taken as 24 kN/m and 25 kN/m respectively.

Self-weight
The self weight of the structure can be generated by STAAD.Pro itself with the self weight
command in the load case column.

Member weight
1. 9` inch wall loading (0.23 m)
2. 4 `` inch wall loading (0.115 m)

9` inch (0.23m) wall loading:


Height of the wall above the beam=clear height of the room depth of beam at top
=3-0.3
=2.7 m

Thick of the wall =0.23 m


Length of wall =1 m
Weight of wall= length of wall x height of wall x thickness wall
=1 x 2.7 x 0.23 x 20
= 13KN/m
4 `` inch (0.115m) wall:
Weight of wall =1x 2.7x 0.115 x 20 = 6.21 KN/m
, say 7 KN/m
Load on roof beam considered as 19 KN/m
Load on mid landing beam considered as 30 KN/m

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7.4 Dead load from slab:


Dead load from slab can also be generated by STAAD.Pro by specifying the floor thickens
sand the load on the floor per sq m. Calculation of the load per sq m was done manually.
The load was found to be:
Density of RCC =25 KN/m3
Density of PCC=24 KN/m3
Thickness of slabs=120 mm
Pressure =Thickness of slab x density of RCC
Pressure =0.12 x 25
Pressure =3 KN/m3
Floor finish =1.5 KN/m2
Total dead load of slab=3+1.5
=4.5 KN/m2

Dead load of inner and outer walls

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Dead load of parapet wall


7.5 LIVE LOAD CAN BE TAKEN AS PER IS :456

7.6 Imposed loads (LL):


Imposed load is produced by the intended use or occupancy of a building including the
weight of movable partitions, distributed and concentrated loads, load due to impact and
vibration and dust loads. Imposed loads do not include loads due to wind, seismic activity,
snow, and loads imposed due to temperature changes to which the structure will be
subjected to, creep and shrinkage of the structure, the differential settlements to which the
structure may undergo. Live load on residential building is 2.5 KN/m2

7.7 Load combination:


The structure has been analyzed for load combinations considering all the previous loads
in proper ratio. In the first case a combination of self-weight, dead load, live load and wind
load was taken in to consideration. In the second combination case instead of wind load
seismic load was taken into consideration. Load combinations are
1.5 (DL+LL)

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8. Analysis commands:
Go to Analysis/Print Page on the left side of the screen.

In the Analysis/Print Commands dialog box that appears, select the perform
Analysis tab. Then, click on the Add button followed by the Close button.

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9. Design Parameters:
The structure was designed for concrete in accordance with IS code. The parameters such
as clear cover; FY, Fc, etc were specified. The window shown below is the input window
for the design purpose. Then it has to be specified which members are to be designed as
beams and which member are to be designed as columns. The program contains a number
of parameters that are needed to perform design as per IS 13920. It accepts all parameters
that are needed to perform design as per IS: 456. Over and above it has some other
parameters that are required only when designed is performed as per IS: 13920. Default
parameter values have been selected such that they are frequently used numbers for
conventional design requirements. These values may be changed to suit the particular
design being performed by this manual contains a complete list of the available parameters
and their default values. It is necessary to declare length and force units as Millimeter and
Newton before performing the concrete design.

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10. Post Processing Facilities:


All output from the STAAD run may be utilized for further processing by the STAAD.Pro
GUI.

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11. Beam Design:


Beams are designed for flexure, shear and torsion. If required the effect of the axial force
may be taken into consideration. For all these forces, all active beam loadings are
prescanned to identify the critical load cases at different sections of the beams. For design
to be performed as per IS: 13920 the width of the member shall not be less than 200mm.
Also the member shall preferably have a width-to depth ratio of more than 0.3.

Concrete design of beam

Concrete design of column

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Structural drafting of beam design

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12. Column details for structure

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