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REFERENCE STANDA

IS: 12834:1989 (reaffirmed 2000)


IEC : 61215 Ed 2 or latest
IEC: 61730 Pt 1 & 2
IEC: 61701
IEC:60904-1(2006)
IS: 9000
IEC:60068
IEC 61723 Ed1.0
IEC 60364-7-712-2002
IEC 62446 (2009)

SYSTEM DESCRIPT
Solar Photovoltaic (SPV) grid connect system shal

i) Solar panels
ii) Module mounting structure
iii) Junction boxes
The system shall comply with IEC 60364-7-712 and 62446.
PV ARRAY: The module mounting structure shall be used to hold the

DC distribution board/ combiner shall be provided in between so


Type II Surge Arrestor should be incorporated for surge protection.
Appropriate IP protection shall be provided.

AC distribution board shall be provided in between PCU and loads


voltmeter and ammeter.
NOT mandatory but firms are encouraged to also offer the facility
inverter (wherever multiple inverters are feeding into an AC distribut
Class I + II (as per IEC 62305) 100 kA Surge Arrestor should be inc

No electrical storage batteries shall be required - not included in the

REFERENCE STANDARDS
Solar Photovoltaic Energy Systems Terminology
Crystalline silicon terrestrial photovoltaic (PV) modules Design qualification
and type approval
Photovoltaic (PV) module safety qualification
-Part 1: Requirements for construction
Part 2: Requirements for testing
Salt mist corrosion testing of photovoltaic (PV) modules
Photovoltaic Devices- Part-I: Measurement of Photovoltaic current-Voltage
Characteristic
Basic environmental testing procedure for Electronic and electrical items.
Environmental testing
Safety Guidelines for grid connected photovoltaic systems mounted on the
buildings

Electrical Installations of Buildings Part 7: Requirements for special installation


or locations
Section, 712: Photovoltaic power supply systems.
Grid connected photovoltaic systems - Minimum requirements for system
documentation, commissioning tests and inspection

SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
aic (SPV) grid connect system shall consist of mainly the following: iv) Power conditioning unit (PCU)
v) Import & Export metering
vi) Cable and other accessories
60364-7-712 and 62446.
g structure shall be used to hold the module in position.

er shall be provided in between solar array and PCU.


incorporated for surge protection.
e provided.

provided in between PCU and loads consisting of an integrated energy meter,

ncouraged to also offer the facility for recording the energy output data of each
ers are feeding into an AC distribution board)
00 kA Surge Arrestor should be incorporated for protection against surges.

all be required - not included in the scope of work

Solar Photovoltaic (SPV) grid connect system shall consist of mainly the
i) Solar panels
ii) Module mounting structure
iii) Junction boxes
Compliance with IEC 60364-7-712 and 62446.
PV ARRAY: The module mounting structure shall be used to hold the m

DC distribution board/ combiner shall be provided in between solar


Type II Surge Arrestor should be incorporated for surge protection.
Appropriate IP protection shall be provided.

AC distribution board shall be provided in between PCU and loads co


NOT mandatory but firms are encouraged to also offer the facility for
distribution board)
Class I + II (as per IEC 62305) 100 kA Surge Arrestor should be incor

No electrical storage batteries shall be required - not included in th

SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
t system shall consist of mainly the following: -

nd 62446.
ructure shall be used to hold the module in position.

shall be provided in between solar array and PCU.


corporated for surge protection.
provided.

vided in between PCU and loads consisting of an integrated energy meter, voltmeter an
ouraged to also offer the facility for recording the energy output data of each inverter (w
kA Surge Arrestor should be incorporated for protection against surges.

all be required - not included in the scope of work

STEM DESCRIPTION
:iv) Power conditioning unit (PCU)
v) Import & Export metering
vi) Cable and other accessories

position.
PCU.

f an integrated energy meter, voltmeter and ammeter.


the energy output data of each inverter (wherever multiple inverters are feeding into a

r protection against surges.


work

ammeter.
erever multiple inverters are feeding into an AC

Solar generating system shall supply part/ full load of railway service

Solar panels and array junction boxes shall be installed on shade f


provided by Railways.
In case of string inverters, railways should carefully weigh the optio
The installation of SPV modules on roof-tops must not impact the w
The contractor shall be responsible for restoring the waterproofing
secured on to the terrace.
In the event that railways decide on a ground mounted solar syste
appropriate to the site.

In case availability of requisite space on a single roof-top is a


rooftops shall then feed to the grid power supply system.
In works involving such distributed systems, the purchaser must m
purchaser does not
mention anything against item 7 of Annexure - C, it will be deemed t

Export metering will be an optional item; it will be specifically men


Note: Primary purpose of installing the SPV system covered by this s

Suitable marking shall be provided on the bus for easy identification


PV modules may be connected in series up to the maximum allowe
The reverse current of blocking diodes (connected in series), if r

Proper sealing arrangements at the points of cables entering the en


Although not mandatory, manufacturers are however encouraged
system based on multi-diameter technology.

GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
part/ full load of railway service buildings/ areas

s shall be installed on shade free roof while the transformer based PCU and distrib

should carefully weigh the option of indoor vs. outdoor installation.


roof-tops must not impact the waterproofing of the existing terrace structure.
for restoring the waterproofing to its original condition and for provision of additiona

n a ground mounted solar system, they must specifically mention this in their tender

ace on a single roof-top is a constraint, the systems overall KWp capacity can be
ower supply system.
systems, the purchaser must mention the KWp of individual constituent solar system

Annexure - C, it will be deemed that adequate space is available on a single rooftop fo

l item; it will be specifically mentioned by purchaser, if the same is required to be wit


he SPV system covered by this spec., is to meet railways own energy requirement, ra

on the bus for easy identification.


ies up to the maximum allowed operating voltage of the PV modules and the PV
diodes (connected in series), if required/ provided, shall be rated for 2 X V

points of cables entering the enclosures/ buildings should be incorporated.


urers are however encouraged that the cables entering into the enclosures be sealed
hnology.

ERAL REQUIREMENTS
reas

ile the transformer based PCU and distribution boards, etc. shall be housed inside the

vs. outdoor installation.


of the existing terrace structure.
al condition and for provision of additional waterproofing in the areas where RCC block

t specifically mention this in their tender and also specify the fencing requirements as

he systems overall KWp capacity can be distributed across multiple rooftops and each

Wp of individual constituent solar systems in the tender (refer item 7 of Annexure - C)

e space is available on a single rooftop for the entire KWp capacity of the system.

rchaser, if the same is required to be within the contractors scope of supply.


eet railways own energy requirement, rather than supplying renewable energy to the

g voltage of the PV modules and the PV inverter, whichever is lower.


vided, shall be rated for 2 X V OC STC of the PV string.

ldings should be incorporated.


es entering into the enclosures be sealed with modular EPDM based cable sealing and

n boards, etc. shall be housed inside the room

terproofing in the areas where RCC blocks are

also specify the fencing requirements as will be

ibuted across multiple rooftops and each of the

the tender (refer item 7 of Annexure - C). If the

e entire KWp capacity of the system.

he contractors scope of supply.


than supplying renewable energy to the public grid.

erter, whichever is lower.


tring.

h modular EPDM based cable sealing and protection

Process: The DC output from the modules shall be fed to array junc
Then PCU shall convert DC energy produced by the solar array to AC
isolation panel), which also houses the energy meter. The AC output
supply received from the electricity authority.

The system shall automatically wake-up in the morning and supply p


When the grid voltage and/or frequency go out of preset range, the i
time when the grid is back in the range.
Array to inverter voltage drop shall be less than 3% at the maximum
Railways shall provide adequate space and ventilation for the inverte
For safety reasons, PV inverter system shall be disconnected from th
The performance and generation data shall be recorded using a data
PCU will log the inverter performance data and transmit the same to
Data logger shall gather information and monitor the performance
the Solar Insolation and Temp of Array Yard.
RDSO and the concerned railway shall be afforded free of cost facilit
portal for until
the contractual warranty period of the system. It is advisable that th
warranty period, the web based monitoring facility shall be available
the contractor solely for post-warranty web based monitoring for a s
quote for the same (refer item 8 of Annexure-C).
Data logging system/software shall enable automatic long-term s
the installation. The data logger shall be web enabled and for this p
In addition to the web portal, it should also be possible to retrieve th
be provided by the supplier. Necessary executable files, if any, will b
Communication interface -The system should offer RS232/RS485
Sizing of the SPV system Sizing of the system should be decided o

Individual Solar PV Module should be of minimum capacity 230 Wp c


in a plant certified under ISO 9001 : 2008 and type tested by an accr
crystalline Silicon Solar Cell connected in series. Imported SPV modu
corrosive atmosphere (coastal areas, etc.) must qualify Salt Mist Cor
specifically asks for the same. Cut cells should not be used (see Ann
SPV modules of similar output with +5Wp tolerance in single string s
SPV module shall contain crystalline high power silicon solar cells. Th
Photo-electric conversion efficiency of SPV module shall not be less t
Fill factor of the module shall not be less than 72%.
Each module shall have low iron tempered glass front for strength an
protection against moisture and provide high voltage electrical insula
Bird spike shall be provided
SPV module shall be highly reliable, light weight and shall have a ser

SPV modules of similar output with +5Wp tolerance in single string s


SPV module shall contain crystalline high power silicon solar cells. Th
Photo-electric conversion efficiency of SPV module shall not be less t
Fill factor of the module shall not be less than 72%.
Each module shall have low iron tempered glass front for strength an
protection against moisture and provide high voltage electrical insula
Bird spike shall be provided
SPV module shall be highly reliable, light weight and shall have a ser
output at the end of 10 years and of not more than 20% of nominal o
The module shall perform satisfactorily in relative humidity upto 95%
Each module shall carry the following clear and indelible markings:i) Name, monogram or symbol of manufacturer;
ii) Type or model number;
iii) Serial number;
iv) Polarity of terminals or leads (colour coding is permissible);
v) Open circuit voltage
vi) Operating voltage.
vii) Maximum system voltage for which the module is suitable;
viii) Operating current
ix) Short circuit current
x) Date & place of manufacture.
xi) Weight of the module
xii) Module Wp tolerance (if it is cumbersome to supply this marking
Each PV module must use a RF identification tag (RFID), which must
withstand harsh environmental conditions.
i) Name of the manufacturer of PV Module
ii) Name of the Manufacturer of Solar cells
iii) Month and year of the manufacture (separately for solar cells and
iv) Country of origin (separately for solar cells and module)
v) I-V curve for the module
vi) Peak Wattage, Im, Vm and FF for the module
vii) Unique Serial No and Model No of the module
viii) Date and year of obtaining IEC PV module qualification certificat
ix) Name of the test lab issuing IEC certificate
x) Other relevant information on traceability of solar cells and modul
Insulation Resistance of the module shall not be less than 50M-ohm

The array structure shall be made of hot dipped galvanized MS angle


installed in coastal/ corrosive areas, the minimum galvanization thic
normally 85 m will be supplied

The foundation for module mounting structure shall be preferably 1:

The support structure, design and foundation shall normally be desig


foundation shall be designed to withstand wind speed upto 200 kmp

The clearance between lowest part of the module structure and the
clearances may be allowed on case to case basis.

The SPV panel shall have a provision for angular adjustment of the m
to an angle equal to the latitude (where being used), for optimum pe
Generally, fasteners shall be of stainless steel SS304. To prevent pilf

Junction Boxes: i) The module junction box (if any) shall be certifie
a. Dust, vermin & waterproof and made of Polycarbonate-Glass Fibre
thermoplastic. The enclosure should be double insulated with protec
b. The enclosure shall have a transparent front lid
c. The enclosures shall have IP 65/66 protection in accordance with I
d. Minimum requirements for fire protection in the event of internal f
components.
e. Burning Behavior: Base part of Polycarbonate Enclosure shall be U
f. The enclosures shall have IK 08 degree of protection for mechanica
g. The material used shall be halogen, silicon free conforming to RoH
h. The enclosure shall have a usage temperature rating of -10C to 5
i. The enclosure should be chemically resistant to acid, lye, petrol, m
j. The enclosures shall have a rated insulated voltage of 1000V DC a
k. The material of the enclosure shall be UV stabilized.
l. Though not mandatory, manufacturers are encouraged to provide
ii) SPDs Class II as per IEC 61643-1, shall be used at the terminals of
type arrestors connected from + ve and ve terminal to earth (Via Y
have safe disconnection & short circuit interruption arrangement thr
extinguishing DC arc safely (created by inbuilt thermal disconnection
shall be minimum 10 KA with maximum discharge current (Imax) of
the life of SPD. The Iscwpv (Short Circuit current withstand capacity
internal schematic for the above SPDs, compliant to these specificat
iii) The junction boxes shall have suitable cable entry points with cab
are encouraged to provide suitable cable entry points fitted with MCiv) Suitable markings should be provided on the bus bar for easy ide
v) The Array Junction Box should preferably have maximum 08 input

Earthing for PV array, Balance of System (BOS), lightning pro


i) The photovoltaic modules, Balance of system (BOS) and other com
60364.
ii) The earthing resistance must not exceed the limits generally in pr
iii) The Bidder shall submit the detailed scheme of earthing and grou
iv) The contractor will supply and install an adequate number and ap
protection system.

Earthing for PV array, Balance of System (BOS), lightning pro


i) The photovoltaic modules, Balance of system (BOS) and other com
60364.
ii) The earthing resistance must not exceed the limits generally in pr
iii) The Bidder shall submit the detailed scheme of earthing and grou
iv) The contractor will supply and install an adequate number and ap
protection system.
v) The source of over voltage can be lightning or other atmospheric
reaches the PV or other sub-system components. Lightning protectio
vi) Necessary concrete foundation or any other arrangement for hold
maximum wind speed and maintenance requirement at site in future
vii) The lightning conductor and structures shall be earthed through
earth pit as per required Standards including accessories, and provid
connected to an earth.
viii)If necessary, more numbers of lightning conductors may be prov
ix) The Bidder shall submit the drawings and detailed specifications

PCU shall supply the DC energy produced by array to DC bus for inve
solar array and produce 415V (+15% and -20%) AC, 3 phase, 50 5
guideline will be that the ratio of SPV KWp rating to inverters KVA ra
the inverter works in MPPT range for most of the solar insolation ran
calculations. PCU should be able to handle maximum open circuit DC

MPPT controller, inverter and associated control and protection devic


PCU/ string inverter shall provide 3 phase, 415V (with grid tracking o
less than 3% and current THD of less than 5%.

Efficiency of PCU with transformer shall not be less than 92% for sys
greater than or equal to 50KWp. For transformer-less design, it shall

Degree of protection will be minimum IP20 for non-electronics portio


IP31 for units of capacities upto 15KWp and IP41 for units of capaciti
RDSO will actively consider upgrading the requirement of IP protectio
encouraged to develop even higher IP protected systems for future r

The inverter shall be efficient with IGBT based reliable design. The co
mandatory, the manufacturers are encouraged to provide the contro
The PCU shall be capable of complete automatic operation, including

PCU shall have the facility to display the basic parameters of the sys

PCU shall be able to synchronize independently and automatically/ p


Built-in data logging to monitor plant performance through external
Only isolated inverters shall be grounded on DC side.
Inverter shall be tested for islanding protection performance.
Indications (through LEDs/ LCD display)
Following is an indicative list of indications (the actual scheme will
be finalized at design stage):
i) Inverter ON
ii) Grid ON

Indications (through LEDs/ LCD display)


Following is an indicative list of indications (the actual scheme will
be finalized at design stage):
i) Inverter ON
ii) Grid ON
iii) Inverter under voltage/over voltage
iv) Inverter over-load
v) Inverter over-temperature
vi) Earth Fault

Protections
i) Over-voltage both at input and output
ii) Over-current both at input and output
iii) Over/under grid frequency
iv) Over temperature
v) Short circuit on AC side
vi) Reverse polarity protection
vii) Array ground fault protection
viii) Protection against lightning induced surges Class II, 10 kA as per
ix) Protection against surge voltage induced at output due to externa
EMI and EMC Requirements: PCU shall comply the following EMI and
i) Emitted interference as per IEC: 61000-6-4.
ii) Interference emitted as per IEC: 61000-6-2.

An integrated earth fault detection device is provided to detect even


Idling current at no load shall not exceed 2% of the full load current.
PCU shall withstand high voltage test of 2,000 Vrms between either
PCU includes ground lugs for equipment and PV array groundings. Th
Where PCU has not been provided with galvanic isolation, a type B r

To allow maintenance of the PCU, means of isolating the PCU from th


PCU can be a centralized unit or a combination of multiple string inv

The PCU should withstand the environmental tests (as per IEC 60068
KWp or higher capacity, environmental test results in respect of any
a) Dry Heat Test: 50C2C for 16 hours
b) Damp Heat Test (Steady state): 40 C, 93% RH for 4 days
c) Damp Heat Test (Cyclic): 40C, 93% RH for 6 cycles (duration of
one cycle shall be 24hrs)
d) Cold Test: 0C for 16 hours
e) Change of temperature Test: -10C/-5C to 50 C for 3 cycles
(rate of change in temperature shall be 3oC per minute)

The cables used in module/ array wiring shall be TUV 2Pfg 1169/08.2

Cables of appropriate size to be used in the rest of the system shall h


i) Temp. Range 10C to +120C.
ii) Voltage rating 600/1000V
iii) Excellent resistance to heat, cold, water, oil, abrasion, UV
radiation, ozone and weathering
iv) Halogen-free, low smoke, low toxicity.
v) Flame retardant
vi) Flexible
vii) Fulfills IEC 60332-1 requirements. Accredited lab test report/Man
viii) Conductor class IEC 60228 class 5. Accredited lab test report/Ma
Cabling on DC side of the system shall be as short as possible to min
Components and hardware shall be vandal and theft resistant. All pa
Voltage drop on the DC side from array to the inverter should not be
Overload protection may be omitted to PV string and PV array cables
any location.
Necessary calculations in this regard shall be submitted during desig
Overload protection may be omitted to PV main cable if the continuo
Necessary calculations in this regard shall be submitted during desig

The system description, general/technical requirements, etc


of the complete solar generating system by using their softw

The ACDB shall be used to terminate single or multiple PCU outputs.


i) Cables connecting bus bar should be minimum 3 times capacity of
ii) Input Grid Line should come from such Distribution Board of client
iii) The Solar Power should be exported to the bus bar inside the ACD
individual rooftop system, an independent ACDB shall be generally r
iv) The Designated Load should be routed through ACDB and an Ene
v) The SPV system will help Railways to obtain GRIHA/ ECBC certifica
vi) ACDB should have Class I + II (as per IEC 62305; IEC 61643 and I
Type 2) shall consist of Pre wired metal encapsulated spark gap base
Total discharge capacity/ Lightning Impulse current (Iimp) at 10/350
system and 50 KA for single phase power supply system. The discha
connected arresters shall have built in mechanical health indication.
inside the Invertors, having follow current extinguishing and limiting
international independent test labs like KEMA or VDE or UL as per lat
been provided on the PCU.
vii) Appropriate IP protection shall be provided

The concept plan/design of each sub-system shall be submitted to R


detailed in IEC 62446.

Quality Assurance Plan should include design control, process contro

RDSO shall conduct prototype testing of Grid connect Solar Generati


to rely upon previous type test reports/conformance certificates, as l
demand this as a matter of right

Until the railways are able to issue their vendor list, they may in the
written clause-byclause confirmation of the spec. and acceptance te

For the purpose of cleaning of SPV modules, railways shall ensure th


period, the contractor shall carry out the cleaning of SPV modules, o
of SPV modules once in every two weeks.

TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS

odules shall be fed to array junction box and the strings are paralleled at sub Main & M
oduced by the solar array to AC energy. The AC power output of the inverter shall be
he energy meter. The AC output of grid-connect SPV system should be paralleled with
authority.

-up in the morning and supply power, provided there is sufficient solar energy and th
ncy go out of preset range, the inverter shall be immediately disconnected from the g
ge.
e less than 3% at the maximum power output of the array.
ce and ventilation for the inverter. If string inverters are used, these can be installed b
m shall be disconnected from the network following a fault or loss of supply on the po
a shall be recorded using a data logger. The monitoring system shall comprise of the
e data and transmit the same to the data logger. It shall also monitor basic paramete
n and monitor the performance of the inverter. It shall also support measurements fro
y Yard.
all be afforded free of cost facility for viewing the system performance data on the ma

e system. It is advisable that the facility of web based system monitoring should con
itoring facility shall be available as a part of AMC, if any (see Cl. 12.0). Else, if the rail
ty web based monitoring for a specified period, then it should provide for the same in
nnexure-C).
all enable automatic long-term storage of measured data from PV plant. It shall allow
ll be web enabled and for this purpose, relevant software/ hardware will be supplied b
d also be possible to retrieve the data directly from the data logger. The software for
ry executable files, if any, will be required to be given free of cost by the supplier on
stem should offer RS232/RS485 port and LAN/ WAN interface to facilitate remote mon
the system should be decided on the basis of railways electrical load requirement an
SPV Module

of minimum capacity 230 Wp conforming to IEC:61215 Ed 2 or latest Edition II, IEC


2008 and type tested by an accredited national/international testing laboratory. The S
ed in series. Imported SPV module or cell will not be accepted, unless MNREs policy/ r
etc.) must qualify Salt Mist Corrosion Testing as per IEC 61701; this compliance and
ells should not be used (see Annex C, item 2)
+5Wp tolerance in single string shall be employed to avoid array mismatch losses.
high power silicon solar cells. The solar cell shall have surface anti-reflective coating
of SPV module shall not be less than 14%.
less than 72%.
pered glass front for strength and superior light transmission. It shall also have tough
ide high voltage electrical insulation. Transmitivity of glass shall not be less than 91%

ight weight and shall have a service life of more than 25 years. SPV modules shall ha

+5Wp tolerance in single string shall be employed to avoid array mismatch losses.
high power silicon solar cells. The solar cell shall have surface anti-reflective coating
of SPV module shall not be less than 14%.
less than 72%.
pered glass front for strength and superior light transmission. It shall also have tough
ide high voltage electrical insulation. Transmitivity of glass shall not be less than 91%

ight weight and shall have a service life of more than 25 years. SPV modules shall ha
not more than 20% of nominal output at the end of 25 years.
ily in relative humidity upto 95% and temperature between -10oC and +85oC.
g clear and indelible markings:nufacturer;

our coding is permissible);

ch the module is suitable;

bersome to supply this marking, then this marking can be left out)
ification tag (RFID), which must contain the following information. The RFID can be in
itions.
odule
r cells
re (separately for solar cells and module)
olar cells and module)

the module
f the module
V module qualification certificate
ertificate
eability of solar cells and modules as per ISO 9000 series.
shall not be less than 50M-ohm when measured with a 500V DC megger.

Module Mounting Structure

hot dipped galvanized MS angles (or alternate MS sections) of suitable size. Galvaniz
the minimum galvanization thickness of array structure shall be 120m. Unless the p

structure shall be preferably 1:2:4 RCC construction or any other combination based

undation shall normally be designed to withstand wind speed upto 150 kmph. In coas
stand wind speed upto 200 kmph.

f the module structure and the developed ground level shall normally not be less tha
o case basis.

for angular adjustment of the mounting structure to get maximum utilization of incid
ere being used), for optimum performance
less steel SS304. To prevent pilferage, anti-theft fasteners shall be provided at approp

tion box (if any) shall be certified as per IEC 61215.Array sub-main and main junction
ade of Polycarbonate-Glass Fibre Substance (PC-GFS)
be double insulated with protection class II as per IEC 61439-1. Material and the prote
arent front lid
protection in accordance with IEC 60529. Third party conformance certificate is requ
tection in the event of internal faults: Glow wire test in accordance with IEC 60 695-2

ycarbonate Enclosure shall be UL94-V-0 compliant and Lid part of PC Enclosure shall b
gree of protection for mechanical load.
n, silicon free conforming to RoHS directive 2002/95/EC.
temperature rating of -10C to 55C.
y resistant to acid, lye, petrol, mineral oil & partially resistant to benzene.
nsulated voltage of 1000V DC and dielectric strength of 4.65 KV DC.
l be UV stabilized.
rers are encouraged to provide breather glands in the array junction boxes to prevent
shall be used at the terminals of array junction boxes for external surge protection. In
and ve terminal to earth (Via Y arrangement) for higher withstand of the continuous
uit interruption arrangement through integrated DC in-built bypass fuse (parallel) whi
by inbuilt thermal disconnection) in order to protect the installation against fire hazar
um discharge current (Imax) of minimum 20 KA at 8/20 microseconds with visual indi
cuit current withstand capacity of arrester) would be at least 10% more than Nominal
Ds, compliant to these specifications, should be submitted by the manufacturers.
able cable entry points with cable glands of appropriate sizes for both incoming and o
able entry points fitted with MC-4 Connectors.
ided on the bus bar for easy identification, and cable ferrules shall be fitted at the cab
ferably have maximum 08 input and 01 output with SPD and Terminal block.

System (BOS), lightning protection and other components.


of system (BOS) and other components of power plant require proper grounding for

exceed the limits generally in practice for such applications.


ed scheme of earthing and grounding.
tall an adequate number and appropriate size of IS:3043 1987 compliant earthing k

System (BOS), lightning protection and other components.


of system (BOS) and other components of power plant require proper grounding for

exceed the limits generally in practice for such applications.


ed scheme of earthing and grounding.
tall an adequate number and appropriate size of IS:3043 1987 compliant earthing k

lightning or other atmospheric disturbance. Main aim of over voltage protection is to


components. Lightning protection should be provided as per IEC 62305.
any other arrangement for holding the lightning conductor in position is to be made
nce requirement at site in future.
ctures shall be earthed through flats as per applicable Indian Standards with earth pit
ncluding accessories, and providing masonry enclosure. Else, a matrix of lightning con

ghtning conductors may be provided.


ngs and detailed specifications of the PV array lightning protection equipment.
Power Conditioning Unit (PCU)

uced by array to DC bus for inverting to AC voltage using its MPPT (Maximum Power P
% and -20%) AC, 3 phase, 50 5% Hz (47.5 to 52.5 Hz) to synchronize with the local g
KWp rating to inverters KVA rating shall be within 1.15. The array output should be
most of the solar insolation range. This should be applicable for the whole life of the
andle maximum open circuit DC voltage of 1,000V.

ted control and protection devices, etc. all shall be integrated into the PCU.
hase, 415V (with grid tracking of +15%/-20%), 50 Hz (with grid tracking of 5% i.e. 4
than 5%.

all not be less than 92% for systems from 10KWp to less than 30 KWp, 93% for syste
transformer-less design, it shall be minimum 96%.

m IP20 for non-electronics portion where transformer, etc. are mounted, if any and for
Wp and IP41 for units of capacities greater than 15KWp. For inverters to be installed o
g the requirement of IP protection, keeping in view the highly dusty environment in In
P protected systems for future requirements of IR.

BT based reliable design. The control system should be of highest reliability preferabl
ncouraged to provide the control system of redundant type.
e automatic operation, including wake-up, synchronization and shut down.

the basic parameters of the system on a typical 4 line by 20 characters type LED/LCD

ependently and automatically/ phase-lock with POWER SUPPLY AUTHORITY grid power
performance through external PC shall be provided.
nded on DC side.
protection performance.

isplay)
ations (the actual scheme will

isplay)
ations (the actual scheme will

ge

put
put

ced surges Class II, 10 kA as per IEC 61643-1


nduced at output due to external source

ll comply the following EMI and EMC requirements:


1000-6-4.
1000-6-2.

evice is provided to detect eventual earth fault on DC side and shall send message to
ceed 2% of the full load current.
t of 2,000 Vrms between either the input or the output terminals and the cabinet (cha
ent and PV array groundings. The DC circuit ground shall be a solid single point groun
ith galvanic isolation, a type B residual current device (RCD) according to IEC 60755 a
by automatic disconnection of supply. Inbuilt RCD will also be accep
eans of isolating the PCU from the DC side and the AC side shall be provided
mbination of multiple string inverters.

nmental tests (as per IEC 60068/ IS 9000) listed below with the PCU working at full lo
tal test results in respect of any similar design PCU for at least 10 KWp SPV systems w
hours
0C, 93% RH for 4 days
3% RH for 6 cycles (duration of

C/-5C to 50C for 3 cycles


be 3oC per minute)

Cables and Hardwares


ing shall be TUV 2Pfg 1169/08.2007 or VDE EPV 01:2008-02 or UL4703 certified.

d in the rest of the system shall have the following characteristics:


water, oil, abrasion, UV

city.

. Accredited lab test report/Manufacturers test report shall be attached.


5. Accredited lab test report/Manufacturers test report shall be attached.
all be as short as possible to minimize the voltage drop in the wiring.
vandal and theft resistant. All parts shall be corrosion-resistant.
ay to the inverter should not be more than 3%. Necessary calculations in this regard
to PV string and PV array cables when the continuous current-carrying capacity of the

shall be submitted during design approval.


to PV main cable if the continuous current-carrying capacity of the cable is equal to o
shall be submitted during design approval.

l/technical requirements, etc. are given for general guidance only. The supp
g system by using their software to optimize the combination of modules con
load, etc.
AC Distribution Board (ACDB)

single or multiple PCU outputs. The ACDB must have the following features:
be minimum 3 times capacity of Solar Power plant.
such Distribution Board of client so that the railway load is fed parallely by the grid as
ed to the bus bar inside the ACDB through a LCD display Energy Meter. In case the sy
ndent ACDB shall be generally required.
outed through ACDB and an Energy Meter to register the Load Energy Consumption fr
to obtain GRIHA/ ECBC certification for the buildings.
per IEC 62305; IEC 61643 and IEC 60364-5-53), 100 kA Surge Suppression inbuilt for
tal encapsulated spark gap based solution for fire safe and fire proof operation at site
mpulse current (Iimp) at 10/350 sec and nominal discharge current (In) at 8/ 20 se
ower supply system. The discharge capability of L-N connected module shall be 25 KA
n mechanical health indication. Complete solution shall have voltage protection level
rrent extinguishing and limiting capability up to 25 KA rms (at 255V) without tripping
ke KEMA or VDE or UL as per latest IEC 61643-1 or equivalent EN 61643-11 standard.

e provided

Approval of System Design


-system shall be submitted to RDSO for approval. The wiring diagram and operation a

e design control, process control, quality control, testing of sub-system, integration a


Approval of System Design

g of Grid connect Solar Generating System of individual capacity separately. For certa
ts/conformance certificates, as long as they pertain to similar design and are of comp

heir vendor list, they may in the interim period invite tender/ place order with the prov
of the spec. and acceptance test alone, wherever this is considered necessary by CE
Cleaning of SPV modules

odules, railways shall ensure that the Array Yard is equipped with permanent Water L
the cleaning of SPV modules, on an average, once in three months; in addition, railw
eeks.

NICAL REQUIREMENTS

the strings are paralleled at sub Main & Main junction boxes.
AC power output of the inverter shall be fed to the AC distribution board (metering pa
ect SPV system should be paralleled with railways general electric power supply i.e. t

ed there is sufficient solar energy and the grid voltage and frequency are in range.
be immediately disconnected from the grid. The inverter will reconnect after a pre-de

ut of the array.
verters are used, these can be installed below the solar array.
llowing a fault or loss of supply on the power network.
monitoring system shall comprise of the following main components:
gger. It shall also monitor basic parameters like power generated, etc.
er. It shall also support measurements from the external sensors. Data Logger shall al

the system performance data on the manufacturers or system integrators or railwa

web based system monitoring should continue even after completion of warranty perio
AMC, if any (see Cl. 12.0). Else, if the railway desires to enter into a separate new ag
od, then it should provide for the same in special condition of tender and ask the tend

easured data from PV plant. It shall allow visualization, monitoring, commissioning an


ant software/ hardware will be supplied by the contractor.
ly from the data logger. The software for access/ visualization of data from data logge
be given free of cost by the supplier on a CD/ any other storage device.
N/ WAN interface to facilitate remote monitoring of the system.
of railways electrical load requirement and the availability of space for installation of
SPV Module

IEC:61215 Ed 2 or latest Edition II, IEC : 61730 I :2007, IEC : 61730 II : 2007, ma
nal/international testing laboratory. The Solar PV Module should be made from mono/
not be accepted, unless MNREs policy/ rules permit the same. PV modules to be use
g as per IEC 61701; this compliance and certification will not be required, unless the p

oyed to avoid array mismatch losses.


shall have surface anti-reflective coating to help to absorb more light in all weather co

ght transmission. It shall also have tough multilayered polymer back sheet for environ
mitivity of glass shall not be less than 91%.

more than 25 years. SPV modules shall have a limited power loss of not more than 10%

le Mounting Structure

te MS sections) of suitable size. Galvanization thickness shall be of min. 85m. If the


y structure shall be 120m. Unless the purchaser has specifically asked for 120 m th

truction or any other combination based on the local site condition requirement

tand wind speed upto 150 kmph. In coastal/ high wind areas, the support structure, d

ound level shall normally not be less than 500mm. However, in exceptional cases, low

cture to get maximum utilization of incident sunlight. It shall be mounted facing sout

heft fasteners shall be provided at appropriate locations.

61215.Array sub-main and main junction boxes, shall have the following properties:
PC-GFS)
as per IEC 61439-1. Material and the protection class shall be marked on the enclosure

hird party conformance certificate is required to be given for IP 65/ IP 66 degree of pro
wire test in accordance with IEC 60 695-2-11 at 960C for box and 850C for conductin

pliant and Lid part of PC Enclosure shall be UL94-V-2 compliant.

002/95/EC.

artially resistant to benzene.


strength of 4.65 KV DC.

nds in the array junction boxes to prevent overheating and explosions.


on boxes for external surge protection. Internal Surge protection (SPDs) shall consist o
t) for higher withstand of the continuous PV-DC voltage during earth fault condition. S
ted DC in-built bypass fuse (parallel) which should get tripped during failure mode of
protect the installation against fire hazards. Nominal discharge current (In) at 8/ 20 m
KA at 8/20 microseconds with visual indication (through mechanical flag) in all modu
would be at least 10% more than Nominal output current of the combiner box and AJB
be submitted by the manufacturers.
appropriate sizes for both incoming and outgoing cables. Though not mandatory, ma
s.
nd cable ferrules shall be fitted at the cable termination points for identification.
ut with SPD and Terminal block.

d other components.
power plant require proper grounding for protection against any serious faults as guide

ch applications.

e of IS:3043 1987 compliant earthing kits; at least one each for AC circuit, DC circu

Conditioning Unit (PCU)

voltage using its MPPT (Maximum Power Point Tracking) control to extract maximum e
o 52.5 Hz) to synchronize with the local grid. For sizing of grid connect inverter, the g
within 1.15. The array output should be well within the input voltage range of the inv
uld be applicable for the whole life of the solar array and needs to be substantiated th
1,000V.

hall be integrated into the PCU.


%), 50 Hz (with grid tracking of 5% i.e. 47.5 to 52.5 Hz) supply on AC side with voltag

0KWp to less than 30 KWp, 93% for systems from 30KWp to less than 50KWp and 94%
96%.

sformer, etc. are mounted, if any and for the rest of the portion including electronics,
an 15KWp. For inverters to be installed outdoors, IP65 protection shall be required. In
n view the highly dusty environment in Indian subcontinent. Therefore, manufacturer
of IR.

m should be of highest reliability preferably based on Digital Signal Processors. Though


edundant type.
ynchronization and shut down.

ical 4 line by 20 characters type LED/LCD display. Displays of a bigger size can also b

th POWER SUPPLY AUTHORITY grid power line frequency to attain synchronization.


rovided.

ments:

ult on DC side and shall send message to the supervisory system.

he output terminals and the cabinet (chassis).


ground shall be a solid single point ground connection.
nt device (RCD) according to IEC 60755 amendment 2 shall be installed to provide fa
n of supply. Inbuilt RCD will also be accepted.
nd the AC side shall be provided

ted below with the PCU working at full load for at least last half an hour. For SPV syst
n PCU for at least 10 KWp SPV systems will be adequate.

bles and Hardwares


EPV 01:2008-02 or UL4703 certified.

owing characteristics:

est report shall be attached.


test report shall be attached.
ltage drop in the wiring.
orrosion-resistant.
%. Necessary calculations in this regard shall also be submitted during design approv
ontinuous current-carrying capacity of the cable is equal to or greater than 1.25 times

arrying capacity of the cable is equal to or greater than 1.25 times ISC STC of the PV g

for general guidance only. The supplier/manufacturer shall submit the deta
mize the combination of modules considering the specific location, insolatio
load, etc.

tribution Board (ACDB)

must have the following features:


plant.
railway load is fed parallely by the grid as well as SPV system.
LCD display Energy Meter. In case the systemsare installed on multiple rooftops, then

register the Load Energy Consumption from Solar and Grid during Week Days and Ho
buildings.
53), 100 kA Surge Suppression inbuilt for surge protection. Surge protection on AC sid
or fire safe and fire proof operation at site, consisting of base part and plug in protect
ominal discharge current (In) at 8/ 20 sec shall be minimum 100 KA for three phase
y of L-N connected module shall be 25 KA at 10/350 sec and 8/20 sec. All the LN &
lution shall have voltage protection level (Up) of <= 1.5 KV to protect the sensitive e
p to 25 KA rms (at 255V) without tripping of even small rating 32 AGL/gG fuse and app
3-1 or equivalent EN 61643-11 standard. SPDs on the ACDB shall be provided if the s

oval of System Design


oval. The wiring diagram and operation and maintenance information details shall be

ntrol, testing of sub-system, integration and bill of material intended to be used.

oval of System Design

f individual capacity separately. For certain tests, the type testing authority i.e. RDSO
pertain to similar design and are of comparable rating. However, the manufacturer ca

od invite tender/ place order with the provision of accepting the material on the basis
erever this is considered necessary by CEE.
ning of SPV modules

Yard is equipped with permanent Water Line, Butterfly valve and rubber hose. During
e, once in three months; in addition, railway on its part will be responsible to arrange

junction boxes.
to the AC distribution board (metering panel &
ways general electric power supply i.e. the power

d voltage and frequency are in range.


The inverter will reconnect after a pre-determined

w the solar array.


network.
wing main components:
ke power generated, etc.
he external sensors. Data Logger shall also monitor

acturers or system integrators or railways web

e even after completion of warranty period. After the


desires to enter into a separate new agreement with
cial condition of tender and ask the tenderers to

alization, monitoring, commissioning and service of


e contractor.
ess/ visualization of data from data logger should also
/ any other storage device.
ng of the system.
e availability of space for installation of SPV system.

730 I :2007, IEC : 61730 II : 2007, manufactured


PV Module should be made from mono/poly
permit the same. PV modules to be used in a highly
fication will not be required, unless the purchaser

elp to absorb more light in all weather conditions.

ltilayered polymer back sheet for environmental


limited power loss of not more than 10% of nominal

n thickness shall be of min. 85m. If the systems are


aser has specifically asked for 120 m thickness,

he local site condition requirement

high wind areas, the support structure, design and

0mm. However, in exceptional cases, lower

sunlight. It shall be mounted facing south and tilted

e locations.

es, shall have the following properties:

n class shall be marked on the enclosure.

to be given for IP 65/ IP 66 degree of protection.


at 960C for box and 850C for conducting

L94-V-2 compliant.

erheating and explosions.


al Surge protection (SPDs) shall consist of three MOV
DC voltage during earth fault condition. SPD shall
hould get tripped during failure mode of MOV,
Nominal discharge current (In) at 8/ 20 microseconds
on (through mechanical flag) in all modules to monitor
put current of the combiner box and AJB. Detailed

oing cables. Though not mandatory, manufacturers

ermination points for identification.

ection against any serious faults as guided by IEC

at least one each for AC circuit, DC circuit and lighting

Tracking) control to extract maximum energy from


For sizing of grid connect inverter, the general
within the input voltage range of the inverter so that
r array and needs to be substantiated through design

to 52.5 Hz) supply on AC side with voltage THD of

rom 30KWp to less than 50KWp and 94% for systems

rest of the portion including electronics, it will be


oors, IP65 protection shall be required. In future,
n subcontinent. Therefore, manufacturers are

sed on Digital Signal Processors. Though not

play. Displays of a bigger size can also be provided.


frequency to attain synchronization.

supervisory system.

).
onnection.
ndment 2 shall be installed to provide fault protection

or at least last half an hour. For SPV systems of 10


e adequate.

also be submitted during design approval.


ble is equal to or greater than 1.25 times ISC STC at

eater than 1.25 times ISC STC of the PV generator.

/manufacturer shall submit the detailed design


ering the specific location, insolation, nature of

l as SPV system.
msare installed on multiple rooftops, then for each

Solar and Grid during Week Days and Holiday.

ge protection. Surge protection on AC side (Type 1 +


nsisting of base part and plug in protection modules.
hall be minimum 100 KA for three phase power supply
10/350 sec and 8/20 sec. All the LN & N-E
) of <= 1.5 KV to protect the sensitive electronics
ven small rating 32 AGL/gG fuse and approved from
Ds on the ACDB shall be provided if the same havent

maintenance information details shall be given as

ill of material intended to be used.

sts, the type testing authority i.e. RDSO may choose


ble rating. However, the manufacturer cannot

n of accepting the material on the basis of firms

Butterfly valve and rubber hose. During the warranty


n its part will be responsible to arrange for cleaning

The installation shall be done by the supplier/manufacturer who is res


The supplier shall conduct a detailed site assessment.
The PV installer shall obtain data specific to the site, rather than relyi

INSTALLATION & COMMISSIONING


e supplier/manufacturer who is responsible for system performance, direction of installa
d site assessment.
pecific to the site, rather than relying on general data.

ATION & COMMISSIONING


or system performance, direction of installation and structural stability.

eral data.

on and structural stability.

The supplier shall provide easy-to-use illustrated installation and oper

DOCUMENTATION
se illustrated installation and operation manual in English for easy installation and troub

DOCUMENTATION
ual in English for easy installation and trouble-free usage

e-free usage

The details of service centers in India shall be provided along with the

AFTER SALES SERVICE


ia shall be provided along with the offer. All essential materials and manpower shall be
after sales service.

FTER SALES SERVICE


essential materials and manpower shall be placed at the service centers to ensure quick
after sales service.

aced at the service centers to ensure quick and efficient

Railways shall maintain a logbook detailing inspection and operating a

etailing inspection and operating activities.

LOG BOOKS

LOG BOOKS

The contractor will have to quote the rates for Comprehensive Annua
modules, on an average, once in three months;
Unless otherwise stipulated by the purchaser in the tender, during the

ANNUAL MAINTENANCE CONTRACT


he rates for Comprehensive Annual Maintenance Contract (AMC). During the AMC period
ee months;
urchaser in the tender, during the AMC period, the contractor shall also provide web b

MAINTENANCE CONTRACT
nce Contract (AMC). During the AMC period, the contractor shall also carry out the clean

d, the contractor shall also provide web based monitoring facility

the contractor shall also carry out the cleaning of SPV

ed monitoring facility

1. Test on
Sl. No.

Name of Test

1
2
3

Visual Examination
Design Qualification
Safety Qualification

Photo Electrical Conversion Efficiency

5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12

Fill Factor
Transmitivity of Glass
Rated output of module
Module mismatch test
Array mismatch test
Encapsulation and sealing
Terminal block
Provision of Bird Spike
Provision of RFID tag with requisite
details
Environmental tests
Provision of Earthing
Marking

13
14
15
16

* Copy of the latest conformance certificates should be asked


** If compliance has already been checked during type testing, the s
tests

2. Tests on Module
Sl. No.

Name of Test

1
2

Visual Examination
Dimension
Design calculation on wind withstand
capability

3
4

Clearance between module and ground

5
6

Galvanization thickness
Foundation

7
8

Provision of Earthing
Fasteners

3. Tests on module junction box, A


Sl. No.

Name of Test

1
2
3
4
5

Visual Examination
Material
IP Protection
Surge Protection
Cable Grounds

4. Test on Power Co
Sl. No.

Name of Test

1
2
3

Visual Examination
MPPT range
Voltage Range

4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Frequency range
Harmonics on AC side
PCU efficiency
Protection Tests
Surge Protection
IP protection
Control Circuit redundancy

11

Automatic operation & synchronization

12

Islanding Protection
Displaying of basic Parameters on
LED/LCD display

13
14
15
16
17

Data logging, Communication interface


and web application
Night Consumption
Noise Level
Power Factor Measurement

18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25

Insulation resistance
EMI/EMC
Idling current
High Voltage test
Provision of RCD
Provision of Isolation
Earthing
Environmental Test

If compliance has already been checked during type testing, the sa


tests

Datasheet of the manufacturer will be relied upon

5. Tests

Sl. No.

Name of Test

1
2

Visual Examination
Temperature range

Voltage rating

Resistance to heat, cold, water, oil,


abrasion, UV, radiation, ozone and
weathering

Halogen free, Low smoke and Low


toxicity

Flame retardant

Flexible

IEC 60332-1 requirements

9
10
11

IEC 60228 class 5


Module/ array wiring
Sizing of cable

Manufacturers data sheet shall be relied upon

5. Oth
Sl. No.

Name of Test

Visual Examination

2
3
4
5

DCDB
ACDB
Configuration of supply
System design

Data Logger and Web Based Monitoring

1. Test on SPV Module


Type Test

Routine Test

Acceptance Test

*
*

**

es should be asked
during type testing, the same will be relied upon, otherwise compliance will be throu
2. Tests on Module Mounting Structure
Type Test

Routine Test

Acceptance Test

module junction box, Array sub-main and main Junction Box


Type Test

Routine Test

Acceptance Test

*
*

4. Test on Power Conditioning Unit (PCU)


Type Test

Routine Test

Acceptance Test

uring type testing, the same will be relied upon, otherwise compliance will be through

ed upon
5. Tests on Cables
Type Test

Routine Test

Acceptance Test

upon
5. Other tests
Type Test

Routine Test

Acceptance Test

Method
Refer Annexure B
IEC 61215
IEC 61730- I & II
By Sun simulator(Refer Cl. 6.9.4)
By Sun simulator (Refer Cl. 6.9.5)
Refer Cl. 6.9.6
By Sun simulator. Refer Cl. 6.9.1
Refer Cl 6.9.10
Refer Cl 6.9.2
Refer Cl 6.9.13
Refer Cl 6.9.13
Refer Cl 6.9.8
Refer Cl 6.9.16
Refer Annexure B
Refer Cl 6.10.10
Refer Cl 6.9.15
otherwise compliance will be through physical

Method
As per manufacturers data sheet
Refer Cl 6.10.5
Refer Cl 6.10.6
Refer Cl 6.10.3
Refer Cl 6.10.4

Refer Cl 6.10.10
Refer Cl 6.10.8

ain Junction Box


Method
Refer Cl 6.10.9(i),(iii), (iv) & (v)
Refer Cl 6.10.9(i)
Refer Cl 6.10.9(i)
Refer Cl 6.10.9(ii)
Refer Cl 6.10.9(iii)

)
Method
Refer Cl. 6.12
Refer Cl. 6.12
Refer Cl. 6.12
Refer Cl. 6.12.2
Refer Cl. 6.12.4
Refer Cl. 6.12.16
Refer Cl. 6.12.16, 6.15(vi)
Refer Cl. 6.12.5
Refer Cl. 6.12.7
Refer Cl. 6.12.8, 6.12.10
Refer Cl. 6.12.12
Refer Cl. 6.12.9
Refer Cl. 6.7
Refer Cl. 6.12.17
Refer Cl. 6.12.18

Refer Cl. 6.12.19


Refer Cl. 6.12.20
Refer Cl. 6.12.22
Refer Cl. 6.12.23
Refer Cl. 6.12.25
Refer Cl. 6.12.26
Refer Cl. 6.12.24, 6.10.10
Refer Cl. 6.12.28

therwise compliance will be through physical

Method
Refer Cl 6.13(i)
Refer Cl 6.13(ii)
Refer Cl 6.13(iii)
Refer Cl 6.13(iv)
Refer Cl 6.13(v)
Refer Cl 6.13(vi)
Refer Cl 6.13(vii)
Ref. Cl 6.13(viii)
Ref. Cl 6.13
Ref. Cl 6.13.4, 6.13.5

Method
Refer Cl 4.3, 4.4, 6.1,6.15, and 6.16

Refer Cl 4.3
Refer Cl 4.4 and 6.15
Refer Cl 6.1
Refer Cl 6.16, 6.13.4, 6.13.5
Refer Cl 6.7