Climate change caused only by sun ?
The climate change
An exclusive celebration occured at the top of the Greenland icecap on the 12. july 1992, when the drill from the GRIP-project came to the surface and brought up not only ice, but also ground. The drilling had reached “land” 3.029 meters below, and revealed a part of Greenland under compressed ice from 200 000 years ago. Ice from earlier drilling had forwards been analysed in Europeen laboratories, giving amazing results. The conclusion was that our Earth could change temperature incredible fast, based on analysis of deuterium (heavy water) from year to year. Abrubt temperature swinging, up or down with 5-7 ºC over few decades, occured about twenty times in samples from the last glacial period, and similar incidents could clearly be seen in the previous heat period about 120.000 years ago. It looked like the absence of such violent climate changes was an extreeme case with the heat period since the last glacial period ended about 8000 b.c . (1) To find the explanations, the climatologist had to look at the great regulators in Earth’s system. One of them was the Gulf Stream, normally keeping the temperature in North-Atlantic Sea several degrees over the value it ordinarily should have. The Gulf stream was always at the risk of beeing cooled by icebergs, and this was the only explanation for the sudden periods of cold periods during last ice age. The historical proof was that one did not need human activities to change the climate. Gradually the sun was suspicted. It’s periods with flares could possibly answer for some of the climat change effect, but far from all. (1) In 1995, Henrik Svensmark (Danish Space Research Institute) discovered a startling connection between the cosmic ray flux from space and the cloud cover. He found that when the sun is more active –more sunspots, a stronger magnetic field , larger auroras, stronger solar winds, etc.—fewer cosmic rays strike the earth and cloud cover is reduced, resulting in warmer temperatures. Figure 2 shows the relationship found between low-level cloud
amount derived from salellite data from the International Cloud Clomatology Project, and cosmic ray counts from Climax, Colorado It is evident that for the 22.year period from 1983 to 2005, the average amount of lowlevel cloud follows the flux of cosmic rays very closely. In fact, Svensmark claims that the correlation coefficient is 0.92, a very high correlation for this type of data. In addition, when looking at various longer periods of record using proxy data for these two variables, he also found good correlation and similar trends. In particular, he suggested that during the Little Ice Age when the sun was inactive, cosmic ray flux decreased, cloud amount decreased, and the global temperature warmer. Svensmark proposed that the global warming we have expeienced for the past 150 years is a direct result of an increase in solar accivity and attendant warming. Svensmark’s statistical correlations on Cloud Condesation Nuclei are intriguing, and many critics are sceptical of his theory until he can explain the mechanism by which the cosmic rays create more clouds. This led him to design a laboratory experiment to demonstrate that cosmic rays produce more cloud nuclei on which cloud droplets can form. In 2007, Svensmark et al published the results of an experiment which confirmed his theory that cosmic rays increase the number of cloud condenstion nucklei. Svensmark’s theory of cosmoclimatology is now complete. He has discovered a continious chain of events that explain the variations in global temperature that have puzzled climatologists for so many years, and now led to an explanation for the recent global warming episode. It starts with cosmic rays coming to earth from exploding supernovas and collition of remnant stars with nebula in space. Many of these ccosmic rays are shielded from striking the earth by the electromagnetic activity of the sun. When the sun is active, the solar wind prevents cosmic rays from entering the earth’s atmosphere by sweeping them around the earth. When the sun is inactive, more of them penetrate the atmosphere.
Solar-modulated cosmic ray-prosesses succsessfully explain the recent global warming episode. It would be prudent for the political leadership in U.S. and the world to look more closely at Svensmark’s theory of cosmoclimatology for an explanation of global warmimg before restructuring our entire economic system to liminate carbon dioxide. If, in fact, Svensmark is correct, reducing the concentration of carbon dioxide will have little impact, anyway. (2)
Skien, 18. may 2010 Kjell W. Tveten
Reference (1) (2) Nigel Calder : ”Den maniske sol”, (transl.from Danish) Larry Vardiman , Ph.D. : “A new theory of climate change” http://www.icr.org/article/new-theory-climate-change/