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- PC1431 Assignment 1 Answers
- Module 1
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You are on page 1of 6

ANGLE (Angular Displacement/Position)

-> measured in degrees, radians, revolutions

Angular displacement vs. Arc Length

s r

av

t 0 t

dt

lim

av

instantaneous angular

velocity

3

8/16/2011

av

lim

t 0

t

dt

average angular

acceleration

instantaneous

angular

acceleration

5

Straight-Line Motion

a constant

constant

v v0 at

0 t

1

o ot t 2

1

x xo vot at 2

2

2

2

v v0 2a( x x0 )

v v0

x x0

t

2

7

Rotational Motion

2

2

2

0 2 ( 0 )

0

t

2

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

8/16/2011

You have just finished watching a movie on DVD and the disc is slowing to a stop. The ang

ular velocity of the disc at t = 0 is 27.5 rad/s and its angular acceleration is constant at -10.0

rad/s2. A line PQ on the surface of the disc lies along the +x-axis at t = 0.

(a) What is the discs angular velocity at t = 3.00 s?

s r

Linear Velocity - Angular Velocity

v r

(b) What angle does the line PQ make with the +x-axis

at this time?

velocity

arad

v

2r

r

2

2

atot atan

arad

10

atan r

Tangential (linear)

A discus thrower moves the discus in a circle of radius 80.0 cm. At a certain instant, the

thrower is spinning at an angular speed of 10.0 rad/s and the angular speed is increasing

at 50.0 rad/s2. At this instant, find the tangential and centripetal components of the

acceleration of the discus and the magnitude of the acceleration.

Tangential (linear)

acceleration

Radial (centripetal)

acceleration

Total

acceleration

11

12

8/16/2011

You are asked to design an airplane propeller to turn at 2400 rpm. The forward airspeed

of the plane is to be 75.0 m/s and the speed of the tips of the propeller blades through

the air must not exceed 270 m/s (not too close to speed of sound).

How are the angular speeds of the two bicycle sprockets related to the radius and

number of teeth of the sprocket?

(b) With this radius, what is the acceleration of the propeller tip?

13

14

1

1

2

2

mi vi mri 2

2

2

1

1

2

2

K tot m1r1 2 m2 r2 2

2

2

1

2

K tot mi ri 2

2

Ki

Axis of

m1

rotation

(r1)

m2

(r2)

I mi ri m1r1 m2 r2

2

Moment of Inertia

(Rotational Inertia)

K tot

1

I 2

2

15

16

8/16/2011

An engineer is designing a machine part consisting of three heavy disks linked by lightweight

struts.

(a) What is the moment of inertia of this body about an axis through the center of disk A?

(b) What is the moment of inertia about an axis through the centers of disks B and C?

(c) If the body rotates about an axis through

A perpendicular to the plane diagram, w/

angular speed of 4.0 rad/s,

what is its kinetic energy?

17

A light, flexible, nonstretching cable is wrapped several times around a winch drum, a solid

cylinder of mass 50 kg and diameter 0.120m, w/c rotates about a stationary horizontal axis

held by frictionless bearings. The free end of the cable is pulled w/ a constant 9.0-N force

for a distance of 20m. It unwinds w/out slipping and turns the cylinder. If the cylinder is

initially at rest, find its final angular speed and the final speed of the cable.

18

Moment of Inertia

at point P

I P I cm Md 2

Moment of Inertia

at center of mass

19

20

8/16/2011

A part of a mechanical linkage has a mass of 3.6 kg. We measure its moment of inertia

about an axis 0.15m from its center of mass to be 0.132 kg m2. What is the moment of

inertia about a parallel axis through the center of mass?

21

Prob 1. A bicycle wheel has an initial angular velocity of 1.50 rad/s. (a) If its angular acceleration is

constant at 0.300 rad/s2, what is its angular velocity at t = 2.50 s? (b) Through what angle has the

wheel turned between t = 0 and t = 2.50 s?

Prob 2. The rotating blade of a blender turns with constant angular acceleration of 1.50 rad/s2.

(a) How much time does it take to reach an angular velocity of 36.0 rad/s, starting from rest?

(b) Through how many revolutions does the blade turn in this time interval?

Prob 3. In a charming 19th century hotel, an old-style elevator is connected to

a counterweight by a cable that passes over a rotating disk 2.50 m in diameter.

The elevator is raised and lowered by turning the disk, and the cable does not

slip

on

the

rim

of

the

disk

but

turns

with

it.

(a) At how many rpm (rev/min) must the disk turn to raise the elevator at 25.0

cm/s?

22

(a) through the center of the square, perpendicular to its plane

(b) bisecting two opposite sides of the square (an axis along AB)

(c) that passes through the centers of the upper left and lower

right spheres through point O.

Prob 5. A wagon wheel has radius of 0.300m and the rim has

mass 1.40 kg. Each of the eight spokes that lie along a

diameter and are 0.300m long has mass 0.280 kg. What is the

moment of inertia of the wheel about an axis through its

center and perpendicular to the plane of the wheel?

(b) To start the elevator moving, it must be accelerated at 1/8 g. What must

be the angular acceleration of the disk in rad/s2?

(c) Through what angle (in radians and degrees) has the disk turned when it

has raised the elevator 3.25m between floors?

23

24

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