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LESSON PLAN

Matrix
(K13)

Compiled by:

M. Helmy Firmansyah

12030174258

DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS
FACULTY OF MATHEMATICS AND NATURAL SCIENCE
STATE UNIVERSITY OF SURABAYA
INTERNATIONAL PROGRAM OF MATHEMATICS EDUCATION
2015

LESSON PLAN
SCHOOL UNIT

: Senior High School

SUBJECT

: Mathematics

GRADE/SEMESTER

: X/ 1

TOPICS

: Matrix Operations

TIME ALLOCATION

: 2 x 45 minutes

A. Main Competence
K 1 Menghargai dan menghayati ajaran agama yang dianutnya.
Respect and appreciate the teachings of their religion.
K 2 Menghargai dan menghayati perilaku jujur, disiplin, tanggungjawab, peduli
(toleransi, gotong royong), santun, percaya diri, dalam berinteraksi secara
efektif dengan lingkungan sosial dan alam dalam jangkauan pergaulan dan
keberadaannya.
Respect and appreciate the honest behavior, discipline, responsibility, caring
(tolerance, mutual assistance), polite, confident, in interacting effectively with the
social environment and natural in a range of socially and presence.
K 3 Memahami pengetahuan (faktual, konseptual, dan prosedural) berdasarkan
rasa ingin tahunya tentang ilmu pengetahuan, teknologi, seni, budaya terkait
fenomena dan kejadian tampak mata.
Understanding knowledge (factual, conceptual, and procedural) based on his
curiosity about science, technology, arts, culture related phenomena and events
seem eye.
K 4 Mencoba, mengolah, dan menyaji dalam ranah konkret (menggunakan,
mengurai, merangkai, memodifikasi, dan membuat) dan ranah abstrak
(menulis, membaca, menghitung, menggambar, dan mengarang) sesuai
dengan yang dipelajari di sekolah dan sumber lain yang sama dalam sudut
pandang/teori.
Trying, processing, and presenting in the realm of concrete (using, parsing,
composing, modifying, and creating) and the realm of the abstract (writing, reading,

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counting, drawing, and fabricating) according to the learned in schools and other
sources in the same viewpoint / theory.

B. Basic Competence
1.1

Menghayati dan mengamalkan ajaran agama yang dianutnya.


Respect and apply the precepts of their religion.

2.1 Memiliki motivasi internal, kemampuan bekerjasama, konsisten, sikap disiplin, rasa
percaya diri, dan sikap toleransi dalam perbedaan strategi berpikir dalam memilih
dan menerapkan strategi menyelesaikan masalah.
Have internal motivation, cooperative skill, consistent, discipline, confident,
tolerance in thinking strategy different on choosing and applying strategy of solve
problem
3.5 Mendeskripsikan operasi sederhana matriks serta menerapkannya dalam pemecahan
masalah.
Able to describe simply matrix operation and apply it in problem solving

C. Indicators
1.1.1

Menunjukkan ketaatan kepada agama yang dianutnya.


Showed obedience to their religion.

2.1.1

Menunjukkan kemampuan bekerja sama dan toleransi dalam kelompok


Shows cooperative and tolerance in group

3.5.1

Menentukan hasil dari penjumlahan dan pengurangan matrix


Determine the results of matrix addition and matrix substraction

3.5.2

Menentukan hasil operasi perkalian matriks dengan skalar dan perkalian 2


matriks
Determine the results of matrix multiplication by scalar and 2-matrices
multiplication

D. Learning Objectives
1.1.1.1

Siswa dapat menunjukkan ketaatan kepada agama yang dianutnya dengan


berdoa sebelum pelajaran dimulai.
Students can show obedience to their religion to pray before the lesson begins.

2.3.1.1

Siswa dapat menunjukkan sikap bekerja sama dan toleransi dalam kelompok
Students can show cooperative and tolerance in group.

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3.5.1.1

Siswa dapat menentukan hasil dari penjumlahan matriks-matriks yang


diberikan.
Student can determine result of addition matrices that given before.

3.5.1.1

Siswa dapat menentukan nilai variable x, y, dan z yang terdapat pada matriks
dengan diketahui hasil dari pengurangan matriks
Student can determine variable value of x, y, and z that contained in the matrix
with known results from matrices substraction

3.5.2.1

Siswa dapat menentukan hasil operasi perkalian matriks dengan skalar


Student can determine results of matrix multiplication by scalar

3.5.2.2

Siswa dapat menentukan hasil perkalian 2 matriks


Student can determine results of 2-matrices multiplication

E. Learning Topic

Matrix

F. Learning Model and Learning Method

Learning Approach

: Scientific Approach

The Model of Learning

: Cooperative Learning

The Method of Learning

: Asking-Questioning, discussion, and given task

G. Tool / Media / Learning Resources


1. Mathematics Book 10-Grade SMA/MAN Curriculum 2013
2. Worksheet
3. Newspaper

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H. Instructional Activities
Activity

Description of activities

Time
Allocation

Phase 1: Giving Aim and Motivating Student


1. Students pray together
2. Teacher check student attendance
3. Motivation :
Look at cut of newspaper below.

First-Activity

( 10 minutes)

How many columns in there?


How many row in there?
Is the column has same row?
Where word SMP Negeri 2? Show in row and
column?
Where word Paparan? Show in row and column?
4. To know what is connection that cut of newspaper that given
with the lesson lets try to solve worksheet.
Phase II. Giving Experiment and The Steps
1.
Main Activities

Teacher explains today activities :


a.

Students will be divided into groups of 4-5 people

b.

Students in group discuss problem where in worksheet

c.

1 student from each group will be selected at random to

( 70 minutes)

present the results of his sub-group discussions in front


of the class.

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Activity

Description of Activities

Time
Allocation

Phase III. Organize students to the each learning group


2.

Teacher divides the students into groups of 4-5 heterogen


students according lesson score previously

3.

Teacher gives an explanation of the rules for discussion, such


as:
a.

Use time wisely

b.

Work with the group and do not interfere with other


groups.

c.

Before ask the Teacher please ask to friend in 1 group


first.

d.
4.

Worksheet is used to study not only filled and collected

Teacher distribute worksheet on each group and ask for them


to divide the task in discussions.

Phase IV. Guiding Group to Work and Learn


6. Students observe and comprehend the problem in the
worksheet. (Comprehend)
7. Students cooperatively with the friends friends in the group
about how to solve the proble.
8. Students remind and apply lesson previously like integer
operation and linear equation system to help solving the
problem. (Remind and Apply)
9. Students analyze their result to make conclusion. (Analyze)
10. During the discussion, Teacher supervise students with
guiding groups around the classroom and experiencing
difficulties.
11. Teacher examine how the processes of each group of
students in solving problems.
12. Teacher provide guidance if there are groups that not true in
in solving problems.

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Activity

Description of activities

Time
Allocation

Phase 5. Evaluation (20 minutes)


8. 1 student from each group were randomly assigned to one of
the present the results while other students observe and
perceive actively during the presentation. And will be
continued other student with different problem. (Tolerance)
9. Teacher supervise students' presentation.
10. Teacher with students equate perception on problem solving.
11. Teacher gives an exercise and ask students working on an
individual basis within 10 minutes.
12. Discussing about the problems that considered difficult by
Final Activities

students.
13. Teacher asking what connection that motivation that given
before with lesson today.
Phase 6. Giving Reward (5 minutes)
14. Provide feedback that can be the form of praise and and
score/point to the students were able to ask good questions
and answer the questions correctly
15. Finish the presentation by giving applause to all the students
who have attended presentations
16. Teacher give awards to the groups based on the best group
today that are the most active on questioning, conducive, and
creative.
1. Teacher do reflection about learning activity today by asking
like:

Closing
Activity

a. What you have learnt today?

(10 minutes)

2. Teacher gives homework in the BSE Book page 207, no 2 a


until 2 d
3. Teacher remind student to learn the next topic

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I. Assessment
1. Instruments Test :
a) Quiz
b) Worksheet
2. Affective Scoring
Afective Observation Sheet
3. Cognitive Scoring
a. Cognitive Scoring Manual (Group)
b. Cognitive Scoring Manual (Individual)

No.
1.

2.

Assessment Aspect
Attitude:
a. Cooperative in discussion
b. Tolerance when others present the result
Knowledge:
Solving problem in daily life related to the
Matrix operation.

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Assessment
technique

Assessment time

Observation

During the
learning process

Test

During solving
individual task
and group task

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AFECTIVE OBSERVATION SHEET


Competencies are assessed

: Have internal motivation, cooperative skill, consistent,


discipline, confident, tolerance in thinking strategy
different on choosing and applying strategy of solve
problem. (KD 2.1)

Assessment Technique
Class/Semester
Year

: Teacher-Observation
: X / Odd
: 2014 / 2015

Assessment Guidelines:
Give score in the column provided with the following conditions
No.
1.

Skills
Cooperative

Criteria

Score
4

Student always shows collaborate in group activities


Student shows the attitude of collaborate in the activities of

the group but has not been steady / consistent


Student there have been effort to collaborate in group

activities
1

Student didnt seek to collaborate in group activities


2.

Tolerance

Student didnt disturb other student when presenting their


results
Student disturb other student when presenting their result
once
Student disturb other student when presenting their result
twice
Student disturb other student when presenting their result
more than twice

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Recapitulation
No.

Name

1.

Aminatul

2.

Chorul

3.

....

4.

...

Attitude
Cooperative

Tolerance

Sum

Attitude
Score

Predicate

Note:
1. Maximal Score = Sum of Attitude Score x Number of Criteria.
In this case = 2 x 4 = 8
2. Attitude Score = (Gotten score : Maximal Score) x 100
Example score that gotten is 6 = 6/8 x 100 = 75
3. Attitude Score can be qualified to be predicate as follows :
VG = Very Good = 80 100
G = Good

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= 70 79

E = Enough = 60 - 69
L = Less = < 60

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COGNITIVE SCORING MANUAL (GROUP)


No
Kegiatan
1

Alternative Solution
Susunan peserta ujian ditinjau dari pola NIS

Score

Matrix adalah susunan persegi panjang bilangan-bilangan atau obyek


2

matematika
Jumlah kolom = 4
Jumlah baris = 5

Ordo matriks ditulis dengan jumlah baris x jumlah kolom


Ordo matriks tersebut yaiut 5 x 4
Kegiatan
2

2
Syarat matriks dapat dijumlahkan
1. Mempunyai jumlah baris yang sama
2. Mempunyai jumlah kolom yang sama
Atau bisa dibilang mempunyai ordo matriks yang sama

Contoh 3 pasang matriks yang dapat dijumlahkan


[

] [

[1 3 4],[-2 4 10]
[

] [

]
3

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Contoh 3 pasang matriks yang tidak dapat dijumlahkan


[

]
[ ]

Kegiatan
3

]+[

] [

]=[

]+[

=[

]=[

=[

]
2

] =[

=[

] =[

=[

]
2

Karena A + B = B + A maka penjumlahan matriks bersifat komutatif

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Agar matriks dapat dijumlahkan maka syarat matriks-matriksnya


1. Mempunyai jumlah baris yang sama
2. Mempunyai jumlah kolom yang sama

Atau bisa dibilang mempunyai ordo matriks yang sama. Selain itu
penjumlahan matriks bersifat komutatif karena matriks A + B = B + A
Kegiatan
4

]-[

] =[

]
2
]

=[

]-[

]=[

=[
[

] =[

=[

2
[

]=[

=[

]
2

Oleh karena itu pengurangan matriks tidak bersifat komutatif

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Agar matriks dapat dikurangkan maka syarat matriks-matriksnya


1. Mempunyai jumlah baris yang sama
2. Mempunyai jumlah kolom yang sama
Atau bisa dibilang mempunyai ordo matriks yang sama. Selain itu
penjumlahan matriks tidak bersifat komutatif karena matriks A - B B - A
Kegiatan
5

3[

]=[

]
2
]

=[

(-5) [

]=[

=[

Jika P adalah bilangan real dan matriks H=[

Kegiatan
6

maka PxH=[

Rincian data tersebut dapat ditulis dalam bentuk matriks sebagai berikut
[

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Cabang 1
Total Biaya = (7 unit handphone x 2 juta) + (8 unit komputer x 5 juta) + (3
unit sepeda motor 15 juta)
2

= Rp 99.000.000,00
Cabang 2
Total Biaya = (5 unit handphone x 2 juta) + (6 unit komputer x 5 juta) + (2
unit sepeda motor 15 juta)

= Rp 70.000.000,00
Cabang 3
Total Biaya = (4 unit handphone x 2 juta) + (5 unit komputer x 5 juta) + (2
unit sepeda motor 15 juta)

= Rp 63.000.000,00
Total Biaya Pengadaan Peralatan tersebut dapat dituliskan dalam bentuk
matriks (dalam juta)
[

rincian data pertama x rincian data kedua = total biaya pengadaan


peralatan dalam bentuk matriks
[

Jika dicermati, perkalian matriks tersebut dapat dituliskan sebagai berikut:

( )
[ ( )
( )
=[

( )
( )
( )

(
(
(

](dalam satuan juta)

Maximal Score

)
)]
)
4

90

Note:
1. Groupss Score = (Gotten Score : Maximal Score) x 100
2. Group Cognitive Score can be qualified as predicate as follows:
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VG = Very Good = 80 100


G = Good

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= 70 79

E = Enough = 60 - 69
L = Less = < 60

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COGNITIVE SCORING MANUAL (INDIVIDUAL)


No.
1.

Alternative Solution

Score

Ordo masing-masing matriks tersebut adalah sebagai berikut

A1x3, B3x1, C2x3, D3x2, E1x3


Syarat matriks dapat dijumlahkan atau dikurangkan adalah
1. Mempunyai jumlah baris yang sama
2. Mempunyai jumlah kolom yang sama
4

Atau bisa dibilang mempunyai ordo matriks yang sama.


Dari matriks-matriks tersebut, yang berordo sama adalah matriks A dan E
A+E=
=

2
A-E=
=
2
2.

Ordo masing-masing matriks tersebut adalah sebagai berikut

H1x3, I3x3, K2x3, L3x1


Syarat matriks dapat dikalikan adalah jumlah baris matriks pertama sama
dengan jumlah kolom matriks kedua.
Dari matriks-matriks tersebut, matriks yang dapat dikalikan dengan matriks G
4

adalah matriks I dan matriks L


GxI=[

] [

]
2

=[

GxL=[
=[

] [ ]
2

]
Maximal Score

20

Note:
1. Students Score = (Gotten Score : Maximal Score) x 100
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2. Individual Cognitive Score can be qualified to be predicate as follows :


VG = Very Good = 80 100
G = Good

= 70 79

Mengetahui,
Kepala Sekolah ..

E = Enough = 60 - 69
L = Less = < 60

Surabaya, .
Guru Mata Pelajaran

Matematika

(___________________)
NIP. .

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(__________________)
NIP.

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Worksheet
Day / Date

:______________________________________________/______________

Group / Class : __________________________________ / _____________

MATRIX
Indicator :
3.5.1 Determine the results of matrix addition and matrix substraction
3.5.2 Determine the results of matrix multiplication by scalar and 2-matrices multiplication

Members Group : 1.______________________________________________


2.______________________________________________
3.______________________________________________
Hint :
1. Discuss and resolve the following issues with the members of your group
2. Write down the answers on the answer sheet provided
3. Write down the details of each step in solving problems started from what is given,
what is asked until find the results

KEGIATAN 1:
Masihkah kamu ingat posisi duduk sewaktu
kamu mengikuti Ujian Nasional SMP?
Maksimal siswa dalam satu ruang ujian
hanya 20 peserta, biasanya disusun dalam
lima baris, empat kolom, seperti yang
disajikan pada gambar disamping.
Untuk memudahkan pengaturan peserta ujian
dalam suatu ruangan, pihak sekolah menempatkan siswa dalam ruang ujian dengan pola
nomor ujian melalui Nomor Induk Siswa (NIS), yang ditempelkan di tempat duduk siswa.
Misalnya, nomor ujian peserta di ruang A adalah 11, 12, 13, 14, 21, 22, 23, 24, 31, 32, 33, 34,
41, 42, 43, 44, 51, 52, 53, 54.

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Jika nomor peserta ujian adalah 12, itu berarti posisi peserta saat ujian berada pada baris ke-1
lajur ke-2, dan jika nomor ujian peserta adalah 34, artinya posisi peserta tersebut saat ujian
berada pada baris ke-3 kolom ke-4. Demikian pula, jika nomor peserta ujian adalah 51,
artinya posisi siswa saat ujian beradaa pada baris ke-5 kolom ke-1.
a) Tentukan susunan peserta ujian ditinjau dari pola Nomor Induk Siswa (NIS)!
Meja Pengawas
Ujian

b) Bentuk diatas merupakan bentuk matriks, maka apa yang dapat kalian definisikan tentang
matriks?

c) Dari susunan yang telah kalian buat, ada berapa kolom dan baris?

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d) Jika jumlah baris x jumlah kolom disebut ordo matriks, tuliskan ordo matriks dari
matriks yang kamu buat?

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KEGIATAN 2:
Coba amati matriks-matriks berikut. Berikut adalah pasangan matrik yang dapat dijumlahkan
dan yang tidak dapat dijumlahkan.

Dapat dijumlahkan

Tidak dapat dijumlahkan

], [

]
],[

],[

],[

], [

]
],

],[

],[ ]

,[

[ ], [ ]
[ ], [

a) Setelah kalian mengamati, dapatkah menyebutkan syarat matriks dapat dijumlahkan?

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b) Sekarang coba buat 3 pasang matriks yang dapat dijumlahkan!

c) Buat pula 3 pasang matriks yang tidak dapat dijumlahkan!

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KEGIATAN 3:
Amati contoh penjumlahan matriks berikut!
[

]+[

] =[

]+[

]
]=[

[ ]+ [ ] = [ ]
+

Dari contoh diatas, dapatkah kalian memprediksi hasil dari penjumlahan matrik berikut?

]+[

]+[

]=

]=

Coba hitung dengan mengoperasikan matriks kanan dijumlahkan matriks kiri. Apakah
penjumlahan matriks bersifat komutatif?

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Dari hasil penjabaran di atas, apa yang dapat kalian simpulkan?

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KEGIATAN 4:
Amati contoh pengurangan matriks berikut!
[

]-[

] =[

]-[

[ ]- [

]=[

]=[

Dari contoh diatas, dapatkah kalian memprediksi hasil dari pengurangan matrik berikut?

]-[

]-[

]=

]=

Coba hitung dengan mengoperasikan matriks kanan dikurangi matriks kiri. Apakah
pengurangan matriks bersifat komutatif?

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Dari hasil penjabaran di atas, dapatkah kalian menyimpulkan?

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KEGIATAN 5
Amati contoh perkaliana bilangan real dengan matriks berikut!
2[

] =[

2[

]=[

(-1) [ ] = [
(-5)

]
]

]
=

Bilangan real: 2 , 2 , -1, -5 dalam matriks disebut dengan skalar


Dari contoh diatas, dapatkah kalian memprediksi hasil dari perkalian matrik dengan skalar
berikut?

3[

(-5) [

]=

]=

Dari hasil penjabaran di atas, Tentukan hasil dari perkalian matrik dengan skalar berikut.


Jika P adalah bilangan real dan matriks H=[ ]

maka PxH=[
]

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KEGIATAN 6
Suatu perusahaan yang bergerak pada bidang jasa akan membuka tiga cabang besar di
pulau Sumatera, yaitu cabang 1 di kota Palembang, cabang 2 di kota Padang, dan cabang 3
di kota Pekanbaru. Untuk itu, diperlukan beberapa perlatan untuk membantu kelancaran
usaha jasa tersebut, yaitu handphone, komputer dan sepeda motor. Di sisi lain, pihak
perusahaan mempertimbangkan harga per satuan peralatan tersebut. Lengkapnya, rincian
data tersebut disajikan sebagai berikut.
Handphone

Komputer

Sepeda

(unit)

(unit)

Motor
(unit)

Cabang 1

Cabang 2

Cabang 3

Harga
Handphone
(juta)
Harga
Komputer
(juta)
Harga
Sepeda
Morot (juta)

15

Berapakah total biaya pengadaan peralatan yang harus disediakan perusahaan di setiap
cabang?
a) Tuliskan rincian data tersebut kedalam matriks

b) Hitung total biaya pengadaan peralatan tersebut di setiap cabang

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c) Tuliskan hasil total biaya pengadaan tersebut kedalam matriks

d) Tuliskan pada bentuk matriks


rincian data pertama x rincian data kedua = total biaya pengadaan peralatan

e) Berdasarkan pengamatanmu bagaimana cara mengoperasikan dalam bentuk matriks


rincian data pertama x rincian data kedua sehingga menghasilkan total biaya
pengadaan peralatan (hubungkan dengan cara menyelesaikan kegiatan 4(b))?

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Quiz

Name
Class
Day / Date

: ________________________________________________
: ________________________________________________
: ________________________________________________

Indicator:
3.5.1 Determine the results of matrix addition and matrix substraction
3.5.2 Determine the results of matrix multiplication by scalar and 2-matrices
multiplication
Do the following questions correctly and accurately!
1. Diketahui matriks-matriks
[ ]

dan
Dari semua matriks di atas, pasangan matriks manakah yang dapat dijumlahkan dan
dikurangkan. Kemudian selesaikanlah!
[

2. Diketahui matriks

Kemudian diberikan matriks-matriks berikut:


[

] dan

[ ]

Matriks manakah yang dapat dikalikan dengan matriks G? Kemudian tentukan


hasilnya!

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