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Praveen.A.N, Sr.

Engineer, PG GAS 05/05/2016

Cycle Time and Frequency Tracking


Introduction

Objective

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Recognize and Understand

Task time groups

Cycle Time of a function block

Order of a function block

Understand SMAI configuration

Parameters of SMAI configuration

Frequency Tracking

Case study

Consequence of wrong execution order and cycle time

Consequence of wrong frequency tracking setting

Cycle Time and Execution Order


Task Time Group
Application Manual
REG670

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Execution of functions in ACT runs according to a fixed


sequencey with different cycle time

For each cycle time, function block has a serial execition


number.

Classified as fast, medium and slow

Time value different between 650 and 670 series.

Cycle Time and Execution Order


Logical Function Blocks (FB) in IEDs

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Cycle Time and Execution Order

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Execution of different function blocks within the same cycle


is determined by the serial execution number.

Additional time delays might be needed when connecting


FB with fast cycle time to FB with slow cycle time

Cycle Time and Execution Order

Technical Reference
Manual REG670

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SMAI
Pre-processor Function Block
Technical Reference
Manual REG670

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Used to process the analog signals

All information of the analog signal like the RMS value,


phase angle, frequency, harmonic content, sequence
component etc (about 244 values in total)

Information from the SMAI is then used in different function


block in ACT.

SMAI
Task Time Groups

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Frequency Tracking
Parameter and Principle

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Adaptive frequency tracking is needed in order to ensure


proper operation of DFT based functions during varying
frequency conditions.

Frequency tracking is set using the DFTRefExtOut and


DFTReference settings.

These parameters provide DFT reference for DFT


calculations.

InternalDFTRef uses fixed DFT reference based on set


system frequency.

ExternalDFTRef will use reference based on input


DFTSPFC.

Frequency Tracking
Parameter and Principle

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Selected reference instance of SMAI must be voltage type.

Positive sequence
tracking feature.

IntBlockLevel is set in % of Ubase / 3.

If the positive sequence voltage


IntBlockLevel, the feature is blocked.

Adaptive frequency tracking is applicable for IEDs in


generating stations during start up and shut down.

voltage is used for the frequency

is

lower

than

Frequency Tracking
Examples of DFT Based Function

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Generator Differential Protection

Transformer Differential protection

Over Current and Earth Fault Protection

Residual Over Voltage and Over and under Voltage


Protection

Over Excitation Protection

Measurement Function

Frequency Tracking
SMAI

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Frequency Tracking
SMAI

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Frequency Tracking
SMAI

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