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Calculations to decide size and number of Ventilators.


1. Determine the volume of the building.
Volume of section A = 0.5 x L x W x Ha Volume of section B = L x W x Hb
Total building volume = volume of section A + volume of section B.
Note: For factories, the combined volume A + B should be used.

Where Volume B is air-conditioned, only Volume A is used to calculate the number


of ventilators required. No air should be drawn from the air-conditioned space below
ceiling level.

2. Select the number of ventilators required


METRIC = V x Ac/Hr. Divided by EX/c x 3.6
Where:
V = Volume of building or roof space Ac/Hr = Air changes per hour
EX/c = Exhaust capacity of ventilator

1). Volume of the building L50mtrs X W40 mtrs X Average H 10 mtrs =


20000 c mtr
No.of ventilators required = 20000 X 8 Air changes divided by 2200 X 3.6 =
20 ventilators.

You will be requiring 20 ventilators.

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Type of Building

Air Changes Per Hour

Type of Building

Air Changes Per Hour

Assembly Hall

6-12

Chemical Plant

30-60

Auditorium

4-12

Laundry

12-30

Bakeries

12-20

Paper Mill

08-30

Boiler Room

15-60

Textile Mill

08-15

Brewery

8-30

Packing Room

08-30

Class Room

10-15

Transformer Room

12-30

Engine Room

12-30

Paint Shop

20-30

Factories (Light)

10-20

Ware House

05-08

Factories (Heavy)

20-40

Foundry

10-30