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ENCE 717

BRIDGE ENGINEERING
ABUTMENT/PIER DESIGN
(Ref: FHWA PSC Girder Design)
C. C. Fu, Ph.D., P.E.
The BEST Center
University of Maryland
December 2008

Integral Abutment Design (1)


Pile Cap (7.1.2)

Stage I (noncomposite)
PSI = 1.25 x (girder + slab + haunch)

Final Stage (composite)


PFNL = 1.25(DC) + 1.50 (DW) + 1.75(LL +
IM) (Nlanes)/Ngirders

Pile (7.1.3)

Case A Capacity of the pile

Case B Transfer load to the


ground

Case C Ground to support the


load
(assume rock, only Case A needs to be
investigated.)

Integral Abutment Design (2)

Backwall (7.1.4) (80% of simple beam moment)

Case A Pu = 1.5 x (girder + slab)


wu = 1.5 x (pile cap + diaphragm)

Case B -

PStr-I = factored girder reaction


wStr-I = 1.25(pile cap + end diaph. + approach slab) + 1.50
(approach FWS) + 1.75(approach slab lane load) (Nlanes)/Ngirders

Integral Abutment Design (3)

Backwall (7.1.4)
Passive pressure wp = 1/2 x z2kp
wu = 1.5 x wp

Integral Abutment Design (4)

Wingwall (7.1.5)
Passive pressure (kp=3) wu at bottom of slab=0.2k/ft2; at bottom of wall=3.24 k/ft2
Mp = (Rect. Volume x base length) + (pyramid volume x
base length)

Active pressure (ka = 0.333)


Ma = (ka/kp)*Mp +Mcollision

1/4 base length

base length

Integral Abutment Design (5)

Approach Slab (7.1.6)


Single lane loaded
E = 10 + 5 (L1W1)

Multiple lane loaded


E = 84 + 1.44 (L1W) 12W/NL

Mu = wl2/8 + 1.75 (LL+IM Moment)

Intermediate Pier Design (1)

Intermediate Pier Design (2)

Intermediate
Pier Design (3)
Longitudinal
9Braking force (BR)
9Wind load along axes of
superstructure
9Wind load on sub = Wcap + Wcol

Transverse
9Wind load transverse to the
superstructure
9Wind load on sub
9Wind on live load

Intermediate
Pier Design (4)
Moment
91, 2 = P/LW
Ml(L/2)(L3W/12)
95, 6 = P/LW
Mt(L/2)(W3L/12)

Shear
9Vux = 4L2 + 0.5(1 4)L2
9Vuy = 8L4 + 0.5(5 8)L4
9Two-way (punching shear)