You are on page 1of 68

Building Plan Grid system and storey Data Definitions will be displayed after selecting No


Set the grid line and spacing between two grid lines. Set the storey height data using
Edit storey Data command.

Note: You can change Grid spacing by choosing Custom Grid spacing, for column
varying spacing then click Edit Grid you can also change any storey height by choosing
Custom Storey Data, then click on Edit Storey Data.
Go to Main menu Edit Storey data Edit Storey.

STEP 3: (Define Material Properties)

From Main menu Define Material Property Add new material
Material Name =M30
Concrete cubic comp. strength fck =30
Bending Reinforcement yield strength fy =415
Shear Reinforcement yield strength fy =415 Ok Ok.

STEP 4: (Define Frame section)

Define Column:
From Main menu Define Frame section Add rectangular Material name
=M30 (select) section Name =C600x300M30
Dimensions :
Depth (3) = 600mm
Width (2) =300mm

Bar size =25 d

Corner bar =25 d
Reinforcement to be designed Ok Ok.

Define Beam:
From Main menu Define Frame section Add rectangular Material name
=M30 (select) Section Name=B230x700M30
Depth (3) =700mm
Width (2) =300mm

Select Beam

Define Slab:
From Main menu define Wall/Slab /Deck section Add New slab

Section name = S1
Material name = M30.
Membrane =125 mm
Bending =125mm
Select Membrane Ok Ok.

STEP 5: (Drawing Columns, Beams, and Slabs)

Drawing Columns:
From Main menu Draw Draw line objects Create column in region
Property = C600x300M30
Select or Click on the column joints in Plan view (Left window) with similar storey
option. If necessary change angle =90 Change Property corresponding to column
designation and click on respective column joints Close.

Drawing Slab:
From Main menu Draw Draw area objects Create areas at click (Draw areas)
(Plan) Property =S1 Click on the periphery of column joints and press enter (With
similar storey option).

STEP 6:(Assigning Support Condition)

Set Base floor Plan view in left window Set Column points (with mouse)
From Main menu Assign Joint/Point Restraints (supports) Select Fixed

To view Support assigned

From top Tool bar Set Building view option
Visible in view
Supports Ok.
Go to Elevation view 1 and view . For other views click arrow at top of tool bar.
STEP 7: (Defining Loads)
1.Gravity Loads (Dead Load & Live Load)
From Main menu Define Static Load Cases

Load = SIDL (Super Imposed Dead Load)

Type = Dead
Self weight multiplier =0 Add New Load Ok.
Load = Wall
Type= Dead
Self weight multiplier =0 Add New Load Ok.
For Self weight multiplier will be 1 for beams and columns of dead load. For all other
loads, it will be zero.

Assigning the Loads:

Activate left window and set to Plan view Activate or select similar storey option (at
bottom) and select all slabs
From Main menu Assign
Shell / Area loads Uniform
Load case name =SIDL
Uniform load
Load = 1.50 Kn/m2 (units Kn.m)
Direction Gravity Ok.

In the same manner assign Load case name = Live

Uniform load
Load = 2.0 Kn/m2 (units Kn.m)
Direction : Gravity Ok.

Assigning Wall loads:

9 wall load = 11.176Kn/m (First to fourth floor)
Ground floor =14.224Kn/m.
Terrace floor=4.508Kn/m.
In left side window select the beams in first to fourth floor by setting similar storey
options and view the status bar to know no. of beams selected

From Main menu Assign Frame /Line loads

Distributed Load case name = wall.
Unit Kn.m
Direction Gravity
Uniform load=11.176 Kn/m
Replace existing loads Ok.
In the same manner apply Ground floor and terrace floor wall loads by setting single
storey option and assign the wall loads.
To see the load assigned :
Right click the particular member corresponding load Ok.
For point load :
From Main menu Assign Joint/Point loads
Load case name =Dead.
Units Kn.m.
Replace existing loads
Forces Global =10 Kn Ok.

2. Wind Loads :
In ETABS there are two ways to define lateral loads (Wind, earth quake). Built in option
will automatically calculate lateral loads as per available design codes.
Define wind load parameters as per IS 875 --Part 3 (1987)
From Main menu Define Static Load cases
Load = X or Y
Type = Wind
Self weight multiplier =0
Auto Lateral load =IS 8751987 Add New Load Select wind X load and
click on modify lateral loads to specify required wind load parameter. As per IS 875
Ok Ok.
Creating dummy areas with property =None
Set required elevation view in right window From Main menu Draw Draw
area objects Draw rectangular areas Property = None Click on the
perimeter of area and press enter.
Foot Note: Apply wind load for selections.
To select wind area
Main menu Select By area object type select none Ok.
Assigning wind loads
Select drawing area of required elevation From Main menu
Assign Shell/area loads Wind Pressure coefficients
Wind load case name =Wind X
Coefficient Cp= - (Change if required) Ok.

To see wind load selection

Set Building view option
Area section
Line section Ok.

3.Earthquake Analysis
In building, slab is considered as single rigid member during earthquake analysis.
Select left side window.
Select all slabs by setting all floors/ similar storey option From Main menu Define
Diaphragms Select D1 Modify/ Show diaphragms Select Rigid Ok

Define Mass Source

As per IS 1893-->2002 25% of Live load is considered on all floors of building.
From Main menu Define Mass source select From Loads
Load =Dead; Multiplier -->1.0 Add
Load = Live; Multiplier =0.25 Add
Load =SIDL; Multiplier =1.0 Add
Load = Wall; Multiplier =1.0 Add Ok.

Define Earthquake Load (Static Method)

From Main menu Define Static Load cases
Load =EQX
Type = Quake
Default Multiplier =0
Auto Lateral load = IS 18932002
Add New Load Select the load EQX Modify lateral load If required change
values as per IS 1893 Select X Direction
Select Program calc
per code =0.36 (change as per requirement) Ok Ok.

Assigning Diaphragms
Set all storey option and select all slabs From Main menu Assign Shell area
Diaphragms D1 Ok.
To view the Diaphragm
Go to Set Building View objects