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Ech 158b home work 2

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11th, July

ECH 158B

Separations and Unit Operations

HOMEWORK # 3

Prof. Ahmet Palazoglu

Student: Thinh Chu Van

ID-Student: CTTT-10210111

Problem 1. (10pts)

A standard TEMA internal floating-head heat-exchanger with one shell-pass and two tube-passes

is available. The shell is 23 and contains 238 tubes. The heat-exchanger cools 160,000 lb/hr

of concentrated (98%) sulfuric acid on the tube side from 230 0F to 130 0F using 260,000 lb/hr

of process cooling water on the shell side available at 90 0F. The tubes are 20 ft long with 1 OD

and BWG 18 arranged on a 1 triangular pitch (ID=0.902). Baffles are spaced 6 apart. You

may ignore the wall heat transfer resistance. The inside fouling heat-transfer coefficient would be

very small and can also be ignored. However, the outside fouling heat-transfer coefficient would

be significant for this heat-exchanger. Calculate this quantity (i.e., d oh,). Following data are

given:

Solution

We have the balance in heat transfer

(

(

)

(

Then

The log mean temperature different is

(

ECH-158B

11th, July

And

(

Di = 0.902 in

At = 0.639 in2

Area/ft = 0.236 ft2/ft

We have 20 238 tubes then total area is

A = 238*20*0.236=1123 ft2

The overall HTC coefficient is U = 94.2 Btu/hr.ft 2F

With inside film

With the outside tube

ECH-158B

11th, July

(

(

) (

Then

Then

Then

Problem 2. (10pts)

Hot process water at 100,000 lb/hr and 1600F is cooled with 120,000 lb/hr of cooling water at

900F, which is heated to 1200F in a 1-2 shell-and-tube heat-exchanger. The exchanger has 20 ft

steel tubes with 0.75 OD and 0.62 ID. The thermal conductivity of steel is 25.9 Btu/ft.hr.oF).

The film heat transfer coefficients are estimated as hi=200 Btu/ft2.hr.oF and ho= 200 Btu/ft2.hr.oF.

Estimate (i) the area for heat transfer, (ii) the minimum number of tubes required.

Solution

Hot Flow (water)

Ti = 160oF

To=90oF

M = 100,000 lb/hr

Cold flow

To = 120oF

M = 120,000 lb/hr

Cp = 1 Btu/lb.oF

ECH-158B

11th, July

Heat exchanger

L = 20 ft

OD = 0.75

ID = 0.62

k = 25.9 Btu/ft.hr.oF

ho = hi = 200 Btu/ft2.hr.oF

Question

A=?

Ntubes = ?

(

(

The log mean temperature different

(

Where have

From

Then

And

(

ECH-158B

11th, July

Then Uo = 89 Btu/ft2.hr.oF

Then

The area of the tube have Di = 0.902 in so the Ai = 0.1623 ft2/ft

So the number of the tube is

Problem 3. (30pts)

(30pts) A sieve-plate column operating at atmospheric pressure is to produce nearly pure

methanol from an aqueous feed containing 40 mol % methanol. The distillate product is

estimated to be 5800 kg/h. The feed is at 1 atm and 250C. To calculate the ideal number of trays,

use McCabe-Thiele method and generate the XY diagram using AspenPlus. If the reflux ratio is

3.5, what is the methanol purity achieved in the distillate? Use the RadFrac module of AspenPlus

for this calculation. If the tray spacing is 18, calculate on paper the allowable vapor velocity and

the column diameter. State all your assumptions explicitly. (Hint: We need to estimate what

purity levels we expect to get at both distillate and bottoms streams. Let us target xD = 0.95, xB =

0.1

Solution

We plot the equilibrium diagram with the vertical at xB , xF , xD . There should be

extended to the diagonal of the diagram.

We draw the feed line. Here, f = 0, the feed line is vertical and is a continuation of line x = x F.

ECH-158B

11th, July

Then we plot the operating lines. The intercept of the rectifying line on the y axis is 0.95/(3.5 +

1) = 0.211. From the intersection of this operating line and the feed line the stripping line is

drawn.

Next, we draw the rectangular steps between the two operating lines and the equilibrium curve.

In this step, the transfer from the rectifying line to the stripping line is at the seventh step. By

counting steps it is found that, besides the reboiler, 11 ideal plates are needed and feed should be

introduced on the seventh plate from the top

Physical properties of methanol: MW is 32, NBP is 65C, and the density of vapor is

The density of methanol is 810 kg/m 3 at 0C and 792 kg/m 3 at 20C. At 65C, the estimated

density

is 750 kg/m 3. From the internet the surface tension of methanol at 65C, ( = 19

dyn/cm.)

Vapor velocity and column diameter the abscissa is

( )

(

( )

(

ECH-158B

11th, July

Bubbling area = 6.3/2.23 = 2.83 m2

If the bubbling area is 0.7 of the total column area = 2.83/0.7 = 4.04 m 2

Column diameter:

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