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Nama

: Iklima Fitri Rahmatiah

NPM

: 13212593

Kelas

: 4EA18
QUESTION TAG

A tag question is a question added to a declarative sentence, usually at the end, to engage
the listener, verify that something has been understood, or confirm that an action has occurred.
Also known as a question tag.
1. Sebuah pernyataan positif diikuti dengan tag negatif, dan sebaliknya
POSITIVE + NEGATIVE : You're a student, aren't you?
NEGATIVE + POSITIVE : You're not serious, are you?
2. Kata kerja di tag harus sama dengan operator (mis auxiliary verb) dalam
pernyataannya.

You've met Salman, haven't you?

3. If the statement contains no operator, do/does/did is used.


She sings well, doesn't she?
4. An appropriate pronoun corresponding to the subject in the statement must be used in
the tag.

Faris has left, hasn't he?

5. If the subject of the statement is an indefinite pronoun, then it is generally referred to


by they in the tag.
Everyone had a good time last night, didn't they?

No one wants to do it, do they?

Everybody wants to go to the Ocean Park, don't they?

6. Negative words (e.g. nobody, never, nowhere, no one, none, etc.) and semi-negative
words (e.g. seldom, rarely, hardly, scarcely, little, few, only, and barely) take a positive
tag.

You've never been here, have you?

You found nobody there, did you?

7. In contrast to little and few, a little and a few are positive in meaning and therefore
require a negative tag.

Salman has made a little progress, hasn't he?

8. A question tag can have either a falling intonation or a rising intonation.

She's a nice girl, isn't she?

9. A tag with a falling intonation (like the one above) merely seeks confirmation from the
listener, and the whole sentence is more like an exclamation than a genuine question.

Statement + Tag

e.g.

He's a nice man, isn't he?


(+)

Yes, he is.

(-)

She's not a nice girl, is she?


(-)

Expected Answer

No, she isn't.

(+)

10. A tag with a rising intonation is used if the speaker is not completely certain about the
truth of the statement and wants to invite the listener's response to it.

You like him, don't you?

11. Possible answers to the question:

No, (I'm afraid) I don't.

12. Be careful when deciding whether to use a positive or a negative tag with verbs like
suppose or think.

I don't think he cares, does he?

13. Dare, need and used to often cause trouble because they can be full verbs or special
finites.

e.g.

Statement

Tag

He does not dare to come,

does he? (Dare as full verb.)

He need not stay here,

need he? (Need as special finite)

14. There is a special type of question tag in which both the statement and the tag are
positive or negative. The attitude of the speaker may range from casual inquiry to
sarcastic suspicion.

So that's the little trick you've been playing on me, is it?

15. A different type of question tag may be used to express suggestions, requests or
entreaties.

Let's go, shall we?