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IRR 130 INFRARED THEORY

Q1)

Qualitative thermography involves temperature measurement.


a)
b)

Q2)

Emissivity refers to and objects ability to radiate infrared energy.


a)
b)

Q3)

True
False

On a thermal imager, the feature known as Auto Image will always


provide optimal settings for range and level
a)
b)

Q9)

True
False

For thermal imaging, focus is of paramount importance.


a)
b)

Q8)

True
False

A radiometers calibration may only be tested by the manufacturer of the


subject system.
a)
b)

Q7)

True
False

Pixel count determines the resolution of a thermal imager.


a)
b)

Q6)

True
False

Hot and cold reflections from nearby objects can cause significant
errors.
a)
b)

Q5)

True
False

It is easier to detect small Delta Ts for objects having low emittance


values.
a)
b)

Q4)

True
False

True
False

Infrared thermography can be used to see through walls ands solid


structures.
a)
b)

True
False

Q10) Infrared inspections of electrical systems should only be performed


during periods of maximum possible loading.
a)
b)

True
False

Q11) Exceptions exhibiting high Delta-Ts will always fail sooner than
exceptions exhibiting low Delta-Ts.
a)
b)

True
False

Q12) For ballasted roofing systems, accurate infrared inspections may no be


possible.
a)
b)

True
False

Q13) Thermal imaging cameras and infrared film produce similar results when
it comes to detecting heat.
a)
b)

True
False

Q14) It is possible to accurately detect problems inside an electrical panel or


other such equipment without removing the cover.
a)
b)

True
False

Q15) The emissivity correction value of copper is


a)
b)
c)
d)

.68
.05
.10
Any of the above

Q16) Which of the following is essential information to help you assess the
repair priority of a component found with your infrared camera?
a)
b)
c)
d)

Age of the component


Criticality of the component
Temperature of the component
The wave band being detected

Q17) What standards are available to guide a thermographer who is inspecting


electrical and mechanical equipment?
a)

NFPA 70A
2

b)
c)
d)

ASTM 1934
ISO 18425
There are no standards relating to thermography.

Q18) You are considering the purchase of an infrared camera that will be used
primarily for indoor machine inspections at close distance (up to 10 feet
from the component). Which of the following specifications is important
in your choice?
a)
b)
c)
d)

Field of view
Spatial resolution
Minimum focus
All of the above

Q19) You see a hot spot on a heavily oxidized overhead disconnect switch
on the plants incoming power pole. When you measure the temperature
with your camera, it reads minu-5 degrees F. The air temperature is 50
degrees F, the sun is out and the sky is blue. What is the probable
explanation?
a)
b)
c)
d)

You had set emissivity to .9 instead of the recommended .68


You are probably seeing a reflection of the sun instead of a real hot spot
You are not working within the limits of your cameras measurement
The wind has cooled the hot connection

Q20) Thermography is not a useful technology for diagnosing problems in


rotating equipment.
a)
b)

True
False

Q21) One pound sample of each of the following materials are heated to a
uniform temperatures of the environment is reduced, which sample will
cool most slowly?
a)
b)
c)
d)

Steel
Concrete
Wood
Water

Q22) Which of the following forms of energy is not part of the electromagnetic
spectrum?
a) Long wave infrared radiation
b) Visible light
c) Sound waves
e) Microwaves
3

Q23) If the emissivity of a material equals 0.10, what type of material would
you most likely be looking at?
a)
b)
c)
d)

Wood
Plastic
Shiny metal
Painted metal

Q24) A 10,000 gallon outside tank is approximately half full of a liquid. Nights
are cool and clear. At high noon on the following day, which is warm and
sunny, which describes what you will probably see?
a)
b)
c)
d)

The liquid will appear cooler than the air in the top of the tank
Sludge in the tank will appear cooler than the liquid
The liquid will be warmer than the air
The liquid and sludge will be the same temperature

Q25) A material has a reflectivity of 0.10, and its transmissivity of 0.10. What
is its emissivity?
a)
b)
c)
d)

0.10
0.30
0.80
1.00

Q26) Diffusivity is defined as:


a)
b)
c)
d)

Conductivity divided by thermal capacitance


Specific heat times conductivity
Specific heat times density divided by conductivity
Density divided by specific heat

Q27) As per ASTM C1153 a good time to locate the thermal signature
associated with wet insulation in roofs using thermography is:
a)
b)
c)
d)

An hour or two after sunset on a sunny day


About 2 P.M on a sunny afternoon
About 7 A.M in the morning if its overcast
Tow days after rain and at winds of 15MPH or greater

Q28) Wiens Law predicts what?


a)
b)
c)
d)

The maximum temperature at a given wavelength.


The peak wavelength emitted by a blackbody at a given temperature
The range of wavelengths emitted by a surface at a given temperature
The quantity of heat energy radiated by an object at a given temperature

Q29) Compared to photonic detectors, the main advantage of a pyroelectric


vidicon tube is
a.

High detectivity
4

b.
c.
d.
e.

Wide spectral response


Good image quality
Compact hand held instruments
Good stability and low nonlinearity

Q30) An important characteristic of a thermal imaging system which allows


evaluation of the spatial geometrical quality of a camera is
a)
e)
f)
g)
h)

MRTD (Minimum Resolvable Temp. Difference)


MDTD (Minimum Detectable Temp. Difference)
NETD (Noise Equivalent Temp. Difference)
LSF (Line Special Function)
All of the above

IRR 130 INFRARED THEORY


ANSWERS
Q.NO
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ANSWER
B
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D