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# DESIGN OF TOP CHORD / BOTTOM CHORD

TOP CHORD:
Maximum Axial Force : 1131 N
Allowable Compressive Stress :
Beam Span :

2.5 + 4
2

= 4.72m

## Bucking Factor (ke) : 1 (Pinned)

k (Factor) :

2 E
2 7310
k = 0.671 Fc =0.671 9.56 =18.55

Slenderness Ratio :
= keL = (1)(4.72)(1000) = 4720
d
d
d
d

## Assume long beam for safer design

/d 2

4720 /d 2

Fc =

0.3 E

Try b = 50 mm
P
Fc = A
4720 /50 2

0.3(7310)

d = 91.92 mm
Use 50mmx100mm 80% Stress Grade Apitong as Top Chord and
Bottom Chord.

## = keL = (1)(2.125)(1000) = 2125

d
d
d
d

Checking :
P
A

1131
50 (100) = 0.2262 Mpa

4720 /50 2

SAFE

Fc > P/A

## DESIGN OF WEB MEMBER

WEB MEMBERS:
Allowable Compressive Stress :
Maximum Axial Force : 1309 N
Assume long beam for safer design
Beam Span : 2.125 m
2

## Bucking Factor (ke) : 1 (Pinned)

k (Factor) :

2 E
2 7310
k = 0.671 Fc =0.671 9.56 =18.55

Slenderness Ratio :

/d

2125/d 2

Fc =

0.3 E

Try b = 50 mm
P
Fc = A

2125/50

0.3(7310)

d = 22.07 mm
Use 50mmx50mm 80% Stress Grade Apitong as Web Members.
Checking :
P
A

## Bucking Factor (ke) : 1 (Pinned)

k (Factor) :

2 E
2 7310
k = 0.671 Fc =0.671 9.56 =18.55

Slenderness Ratio :
= keL = (1)(2.5)(1000) = 2500
d
d
d
d

1309
50 (50) = 0.5236 Mpa

2150/50 2

## Fc > P/A SAFE

DESIGN OF KING POST:
KING POST:
Allowable Compressive Stress :
Maximum Axial Force : 1598 N
Assume long beam for safer design
Beam Span : 2.5 m

/d 2

2500/d 2

Fc =

0.3 E

d = 36.43 mm
Use 50mmx50mm 80% Stress Grade Apitong as King Post.
Checking :
P
A

Try b = 50 mm
P
Fc = A

1598
50 (50) = 0.6392 Mpa

2500/50 2

## Fc = 0.3(7310) = 0.8772 Mpa

2500/50 2

0.3(7310)

Fc > P/A

SAFE

DESIGN OF BOLT
@Joint A
= 32O

751.73N
Member 1
2x4
80% Apitong
0N

A
Member 2
2x4
80% Apitong
`

Consider Member 1:
Capacity of Bolts (13mm) :
L=50mm, Pcp = 4.98kN (from Table)
0.75 = 4.98n
n = 0.15 1 pc 13mm bolt

## Capacity = nP = (1)(3.955) = 3.995kN > 0.75kN SAFE

Use1-13mm bolt on member 2.
@ Joint B
Member 1
2x4
80% Apitong

Compressive Strength:
Anet = 50(100)
Anet = 5000 mm2

944.19 N

B
3 = 64O

1 = 58O
751.73
fc = 5000

751.73N

## = 0.15 Mpa SAFE

2 = 58O
1087.78N

Consider Member 2:
Member 2 has no axial force, therefore, a minimum 1 pc of 13mm
bolt is required to hold the metal plate and member 1.
Consider capacity of bolts in member 2 in relation to member 1:
Pcp = 4.98kN, Pc = 2.59kN
P=

PcpPc
=
(Pcp)sin2 + (Pc)cos2

P = 3.955kN
`

(4.98)(2.59)
(4.98)sin2(32) + (2.59)cos2(32)

Member 2
2x2
80% Apitong

1309.44N

Member 3
2x2
80% Apitong

Consider Member 1:
Capacity of Bolts (13mm):
L = 50mm, Pcp = 4.98kN (from Table)
(0.752+0.944) = 4.98n
n = 0.34 1 pc 13mm bolt

Compressive Strength:
Fc = 9.56 Mpa (from Table)

fc =

751.73+ 944.19
5000

P=

## Use1-13mm bolt on member 1.

PcpPc
= (4.98)(2.59)
2
2
(Pcp)sin 3 + (Pc)cos 3 (4.98)sin2(64) + (2.59)cos2(64)

P = 2.853kN

@ Joint B (continued)
Consider Member 2:
Capacity of Bolts (13mm):
L = 50mm, Pcp = 4.98kN (from Table)

## Capacity = nP = (1)(2.853) = 2.853 > 1.09kN SAFE

Consider capacity of bolts in member 1 in relation to member 3:
P=

PcpPc
= (4.98)(2.59)
2
2
(Pcp)sin 1 + (Pc)cos 1
(4.98)sin2(58) + (2.59)cos2(58)

P = 2.993kN
Capacity = nP = (1)(2.993) = 2.993kN > 1.31kN SAFE
Consider capacity of bolts in member 1 in relation to member 2
and 3:

1.09 = 4.98n
n = 0.22 1 pc 13mm bolt
Tensile Strength:
Anet = 50[100-1(13+1.5)]
Anet = 4275 mm2
Ft = 16.5 Mpa (from Table)
1087.78
ft = 4275
= 0.25 Mpa SAFE
Consider capacity of bolts in member 2 in relation to member 1:

ft2ft31.09 1.31_
+
=
+
= 0.82 < 1.0 SAFE
P2 P3 2.853 2.993
`

PcpPc
(4.98)(2.59)
P = (Pcp)sin2 3 + (Pc)cos2 3= (4.98)sin2(64) + (2.59)cos2(64)

P = 2.853kN
Capacity = nP = (1)(2.853) = 2.853 > (0.75+0.94) = 1.69 kN SAFE

@ Joint B (continued)
Consider capacity of bolts in member 2 in relation to member 3:
P=

PcpPc
= (4.98)(2.59)
2
2
(Pcp)sin 2 + (Pc)cos 2
(4.98)sin2(58) + (2.59)cos2(58)

P = 2.993kN
Capacity = nP = (1)(2.993) = 2.993kN > 1.31kN SAFE

## Consider capacity of bolts in member 2 in relation to member 1

and 3:
ft1ft+
31.69 1.31_
=
+
= 1.03> 1.0 NOT SAFE
P1 P3 2.853 2.993

Consider Member 3:
Capacity of Bolts (13mm):
L = 50mm, Pcp = 4.98kN (from Table)
1.31 = 4.98n
n = 0.26 1 pc 13mm bolt
Tensile Strength:
Anet = 50[100-1(13+1.5)]
Anet = 4275 mm2
Ft = 16.5 Mpa (from Table)
1309.44
ft = 4275
= 0.31 Mpa SAFE
Consider capacity of bolts in member 3 in relation to member 1:

## Use 2-13mm bolts on member 2.

P=

PcpPc
= (4.98)(2.59)
2
2
(Pcp)sin 3 + (Pc)cos 3 (4.98)sin2(58) + (2.59)cos2(58)

P = 2.993kN
Capacity = nP = (1)(2.853) = 2.853 > (0.75+0.94) = 1.69 kN SAFE

@ Joint C
Member 1
2x4
80% Apitong

## Consider capacity of bolts in member 3 in relation to member 2:

P=

935.52N

PcpPc
= (4.98)(2.59)
2
2
(Pcp)sin 2 + (Pc)cos 2
(4.98)sin2(58) + (2.59)cos2(58)

3 = 83.35O

P = 2.993kN
Capacity = nP = (1)(2.993) = 2.993kN > 1.09kN SAFE

## Consider capacity of bolts in member 3 in relation to member 1

and 2:
ft1ft+
21.69 1.09_
=
+
= 0.93< 1.0 SAFE
P1 P2 2.993 2.993

## Use 1-13mm bolt on member 3.

944.19N

1 = 58O
2 = 38.65O

Member 3
2x2
80% Apitong

1068.4N
Consider Member 1:
Capacity of Bolts (13mm):
L = 50mm, Pcp = 4.98kN (from Table)
(0.936+0.944) = 4.98n
n = 0.38 1 pc 13mm bolt

Member 2
2x2
80% Apitong

1188.95N

+
Compressive Strength:
Fc = 9.56 Mpa (from Table)

fc =

935.52+944.19
5000

## Consider capacity of bolts in member 1 in relation to member 2:

PcpPc
P=
= (4.98)(2.59)
2
2
(Pcp)sin 3 + (Pc)cos 3 (4.98)sin2(83.35) + (2.59)cos2(83.35)
P = 2.61kN
Capacity = nP = (1)(2.61) = 2.61 > 1.19kN SAFE

@ Joint C (continued)
Consider Member 2:
Capacity of Bolts (13mm):
L = 50mm, Pcp = 4.98kN (from Table)
1.19 = 4.98n
n = 0.24 1 pc 13mm bolt

## Consider capacity of bolts in member 1 in relation to member 3:

P=

PcpPc
= (4.98)(2.59)
2
2
(Pcp)sin 1 + (Pc)cos 1
(4.98)sin2(58) + (2.59)cos2(58)

P = 2.993kN

Tensile Strength:
Anet = 50[100-1(13+1.5)]
Anet = 4275 mm2

1087.78
ft = 4275
= 0.25Mpa SAFE

and 3:

## Consider capacity of bolts in member 2 in relation to member 1:

ft2ft31.19 1.07_
P2 P3 2.61 2.993
`

PcpPc
(4.98)(2.59)
P = (Pcp)sin2 3 + (Pc)cos2 3= (4.98)sin2(83.35) + (2.59)cos2(83.35)

P = 2.61kN
Capacity = nP = (1)(2.61) = 2.61 > (0.944+0.936) = 1.88kN SAFE

@ Joint C (continued)
Consider capacity of bolts in member 2 in relation to member 3:
Consider Member 3:
P=

PcpPc
= (4.98)(2.59)
2
2
(Pcp)sin 2 + (Pc)cos 2 (4.98)sin2(38.65) + (2.59)cos2(38.65)

P = 3.66kN

## Capacity of Bolts (13mm):

L = 50mm, Pcp = 4.98kN (from Table)

## Capacity = nP = (1)(3.66) = 3.66 > 1.19 kN SAFE

1.07 = 4.98n
n = 0.24 1 pc 13mm bolt

## Consider capacity of bolts in member 2 in relation to member 1

and 3:

Tensile Strength:
Anet = 50[100-1(13+1.5)]
Anet = 4275 mm2

ft1ft+
31.88 1.19_
=
+
= 1.05> 1.0 NOT SAFE
P1 P3 2.61
3.66

## Ft = 16.5 Mpa (from Table)

1068.4
ft = 4275 = 0.25Mpa SAFE
Consider capacity of bolts in member 3 in relation to member 1:
PcpPc
(4.98)(2.59)
P = (Pcp)sin2 1 + (Pc)cos2 1= (4.98)sin2(58) + (2.59)cos2(58)

P = 2.993kN
Capacity = nP = (1)(2.99) = 2.99> (0.944+0.936) = 1.88kN SAFE

@ Joint D
Member 1
2x4
80% Apitong

## Consider capacity of bolts in member 3 in relation to member 2:

P=

PcpPc
= (4.98)(2.59)
2
2
(Pcp)sin 2 + (Pc)cos 2 (4.98)sin2(38.65) + (2.59)cos2(38.65)

800N

D
3 = 93.93O

P = 3.66kN
Capacity = nP = (1)(3.66) = 3.66 > 1.07 kN SAFE
935.52N
Consider capacity of bolts in member 3 in relation to member 1
and 2:

1 = 58O

Member 3
2x2
80% Apitong

2 = 28.07O
1041.79N

ft1ft+
21.88 1.07_
=
+
P1 P2 2.993 3.66

## Use 1-13mm bolt on member 3.

Consider Member 1:
Capacity of Bolts (13mm):
L = 50mm, Pcp = 4.98kN (from Table)
(0.936+0.8) = 4.98n
n = 0.35 1 pc 13mm bolt

Member 2
2x2
80% Apitong

1287.28N

## Capacity = nP = (1)(2.993) = 2.993kN > 1.04kN SAFE

Compressive Strength:
Fc = 9.56 Mpa (from Table)

fc =

935.52
5000

and 3:

## Use1-13mm bolt on member 1.

Tensile Strength:
Anet = 50[100-1(13+1.5)]
Anet = 4275 mm2

@ Joint D (continued)

## Ft = 16.5 Mpa (from Table)

800
ft = 4275 = 0.19Mpa SAFE

Consider Member 2:
Capacity of Bolts (13mm):
L = 50mm, Pcp = 4.98kN (from Table)

## Consider capacity of bolts in member 1 in relation to member 2:

P=
= (4.98)(2.59)
PcpPc
(Pcp)sin2 3 + (Pc)cos2 3
P = 2.6kN

ft2ft+
31.29 1.04_
=
+
= 0.84< 1.0 SAFE
P2 P 3
2.6 2.993

(4.98)sin2(93.93) + (2.59)cos2(93.93)

## Capacity = nP = (1)(2.6) = 2.6> 1.29kN SAFE

1.29 = 4.98n
n = 0.26 1 pc 13mm bolt
Tensile Strength:
Anet = 50[100-1(13+1.5)]
Anet = 4275 mm2

## Consider capacity of bolts in member 1 in relation to member 3:

P=

PcpPc
= (4.98)(2.59)
2
2
(Pcp)sin 1 + (Pc)cos 1
(4.98)sin2(58) + (2.59)cos2(58)

## Ft = 16.5 Mpa (from Table)

1287.28
ft = 4275
= 0.3Mpa SAFE

P = 2.993kN
Consider capacity of bolts in member 2 in relation to member 1:
`

P=

PcpPc
= (4.98)(2.59)
2
2
(Pcp)sin 3 + (Pc)cos 3 (4.98)sin2(93.93) + (2.59)cos2(93.93)

P = 2.6kN
Capacity = nP = (1)(2.6) = 2.6 > (0.8+0.936) = 1.74kN SAFE

@ Joint D (continued)
Consider capacity of bolts in member 2 in relation to member 3:
P=

PcpPc
= (4.98)(2.59)
2
2
(Pcp)sin 2 + (Pc)cos 2 (4.98)sin2(28.07) + (2.59)cos2(28.07)

Consider Member 3:
Capacity of Bolts (13mm):
L = 50mm, Pcp = 4.98kN (from Table)

P = 4.14kN
Capacity = nP = (1)(4.14) = 4.14> 1.04 kN SAFE

1.04 = 4.98n
n = 0.21 1 pc 13mm bolt

## Consider capacity of bolts in member 2 in relation to member 1

and 3:

Tensile Strength:
Anet = 50[100-1(13+1.5)]
Anet = 4275 mm2

ft1ft+
31.74 1.04_
=
+
= 0.92< 1.0 SAFE
P1 P 3
2.6
4.14

`

## Ft = 16.5 Mpa (from Table)

1041.79
ft = 4275
= 0.24Mpa SAFE
PcpPcof bolts in member
(4.98)(2.59)
Consider capacity
3 in relation to member 1:
2
2
(Pcp)sin 1 + (Pc)cos 1 (4.98)sin2(58) + (2.59)cos2(58)

P=

P = 2.993kN
Capacity = nP = (1)(2.99) = 2.99 > (0.8+0.936) = 1.74kN SAFE

@ Joint E
Consider capacity of bolts in member 3 in relation to member 2:
P=

PcpPc
= (4.98)(2.59)
2
2
(Pcp)sin 2 + (Pc)cos 2 (4.98)sin2(28.07) + (2.59)cos2(28.07)

Member 1
2x4
80% Apitong

P = 4.14kN

= 58O

Member 2
2x4
80% Apitong
= 58O

## Capacity = nP = (1)(4.14) = 4.14> 1.29 kN SAFE

800N
Consider capacity of bolts in member 3 in relation to member 1
and 2:
ft1ft+
21.74 1.29_
=
+
P1 P2 2.993 4.14

## Use 1-13mm bolt on member 3.

998.89N

Member 3
2x2
80% Apitong
1598.12N

Consider Member 1:
Capacity of Bolts (13mm):
L = 50mm, Pcp = 4.98kN (from Table)
0.8 = 4.98n

## n = 0.16 1 pc 13mm bolt

Tensile Strength:
Anet = 50[100-1(13+1.5)]
Anet = 4275 mm2
Ft = 16.5 Mpa (from Table)
800
ft = 4275 = 0.19Mpa SAFE

## Consider capacity of bolts in member 1 in relation to member 2

and 3:
ft2ft+
1.6
31
=
+
= 0.89< 1.0 SAFE
P2 P 3
2.85 2.993
Use1-13mm bolt on member 1.
@ Joint E (continued)

## Consider capacity of bolts in member 1 in relation to member 2:

P=

(4.98)(2.59)
= PcpPc
2
(Pcp)sin 2 + (Pc)cos22 (4.98)sin2(116) + (2.59)cos2(116)

Consider Member 2:
Capacity of Bolts (13mm):
L = 50mm, Pcp = 4.98kN (from Table)

P = 2.85kN
Capacity = nP = (1)(2.85) = 2.85> 1kN SAFE
Consider capacity of bolts in member 1 in relation to member 3:
P=

PcpPc
= (4.98)(2.59)
2
2
(Pcp)sin + (Pc)cos
(4.98)sin2(58) + (2.59)cos2(58)

P = 2.993kN
Capacity = nP = (1)(2.993) = 2.993kN > 1.6kN SAFE

1 = 4.98n
n = 0.2 1 pc 13mm bolt
Tensile Strength:
Anet = 50[100-1(13+1.5)]
Anet = 4275 mm2
Ft = 16.5 Mpa (from Table)
998.89
ft = 4275 = 0.23Mpa SAFE
PcpPcof(4.98)(2.59)
Consider capacity
bolts in member 2 in relation to member 1:
(Pcp)sin22 + (Pc)cos22
(4.98)sin2(116) + (2.59)cos2(116)

P=

P = 2.85kN
Capacity = nP = (1)(2.6) = 2.85>0.8 kN SAFE

@ Joint E (continued)
Consider capacity of bolts in member 2 in relation to member 3:
Consider Member 3:
P=

PcpPc
= (4.98)(2.59)
2
2
(Pcp)sin + (Pc)cos
(4.98)sin2(58) + (2.59)cos2(58)

P = 2.993kN

## Capacity of Bolts (13mm):

L = 50mm, Pcp = 4.98kN (from Table)

## Capacity = nP = (1)(2.99) = 2.99> 1.6 kN SAFE

1.6 = 4.98n
n = 0.32 1 pc 13mm bolt

## Consider capacity of bolts in member 2 in relation to member 1

and 3:

Tensile Strength:
Anet = 50[100-1(13+1.5)]
Anet = 4275 mm2

ft1ft+
30.8 1.6
=
+
= 0.82 < 1.0 SAFE
P1 P 3
2.85 2.99

## Ft = 16.5 Mpa (from Table)

1598.12
ft = 4275
= 0.37Mpa SAFE
Consider capacity of bolts in member 3 in relation to member 1:
PcpPc
(4.98)(2.59)
2
2
(Pcp)sin + (Pc)cos
(4.98)sin2(58) + (2.59)cos2(58)

Member 1
2x4
80% Apitong
P=

998.89N
=

P = 2.993kN
F
Capacity = nP = (1)(2.99) = 2.99 > 0.8kN SAFE

@ Joint F
Consider capacity of bolts in member 3 in relation to member 2:
Member 2
2x2
PcpPc

(4.98)(2.59)
P=
=
80%
Apitong
2
2
(Pcp)sin + (Pc)cos
(4.98)sin2(58) + (2.59)cos2(58)
P = 2.993kN
Member 3
Capacity = nP = (1)(2.99) = 2.99 > 1kN SAFE
2x2
80% Apitong
Consider capacity of bolts in member 3 in relation to member 1
and 2:
ft1ft+
20.8 1__
=
+
= 0.6< 1.0 SAFE
P1 P2 2.993 2.993
1130.46N
Use 1-13mm bolt on member 3.
983.12N
`

858.37N

3 = 93.93O
Consider Member 1:
1 = 58O Capacity of Bolts (13mm):
L = 50mm, Pcp = 4.98kN (from Table)
(1+1.13) = 4.98n
2 = 28.07O
n = 0.43 1 pc 13mm bolt

Tensile Strength:
Anet = 50[100-1(13+1.5)]
Anet = 4275 mm2

ft2ft+
30.86 0.98_
=
+
= 0.66< 1.0 SAFE
P2 P 3
2.6 2.993
Use1-13mm bolt on member 1.

## Ft = 16.5 Mpa (from Table)

998.89+ 1130.46
ft =
= 0.5 Mpa SAFE
4275
@ Joint F (continued)
Consider capacity of bolts in member 1 in relation to member 2:
P=

PcpPc
= (4.98)(2.59)
2
2
(Pcp)sin 3 + (Pc)cos 3 (4.98)sin2(93.93) + (2.59)cos2(93.93)

P = 2.6kN
Capacity = nP = (1)(2.6) = 2.6 >0.86kN SAFE
Consider capacity of bolts in member 1 in relation to member 3:
P=

PcpPc
= (4.98)(2.59)
2
2
(Pcp)sin 1 + (Pc)cos 1
(4.98)sin2(58) + (2.59)cos2(58)

Consider Member 2:
Capacity of Bolts (13mm):
L = 50mm, Pcp = 4.98kN (from Table)
0.86 = 4.98n
n = 0.17 1 pc 13mm bolt
Compressive Strength:
Fc = 9.56 Mpa (from Table)

fc =

858.37
5000

## = 0.17 Mpa SAFE

P = 2.993kN
Capacity = nP = (1)(2.993) = 2.993kN >0.98 SAFE
Consider capacity of bolts in member 1 in relation to member 2
and 3:

## Consider capacity of bolts in member 2 in relation to member 1:

PcpPc
(4.98)(2.59)
2
2
(Pcp)sin 3 + (Pc)cos 3 (4.98)sin2(93.93) + (2.59)cos2(93.93)

P=

P = 2.6kN
Capacity = nP = (1)(2.6) = 2.6 > (1+1.13) = 2.13kN SAFE

@ Joint F (continued)
Consider capacity of bolts in member 2 in relation to member 3:
Consider Member 3:
P=

PcpPc
= (4.98)(2.59)
2
2
(Pcp)sin 2 + (Pc)cos 2 (4.98)sin2(28.07) + (2.59)cos2(28.07)

P = 4.14kN

## Capacity of Bolts (13mm):

L = 50mm, Pcp = 4.98kN (from Table)

## Capacity = nP = (1)(4.14) = 4.14 >0.98 kN SAFE

0.98 = 4.98n
n = 0.2 1 pc 13mm bolt

## Consider capacity of bolts in member 2 in relation to member 1

and 3:

Tensile Strength:
Anet = 50[100-1(13+1.5)]
Anet = 4275 mm2

ft1ft+
32.130.98_
=
+
= 1.06> 1.0 NOT SAFE
P1 P 3
2.6
4.14

## Ft = 16.5 Mpa (from Table)

983.12
ft = 4275 = 0.23Mpa SAFE
PcpPcof bolts in member
(4.98)(2.59)
Consider capacity
3 in relation to member 1:
2
2
(Pcp)sin 1 + (Pc)cos 1 (4.98)sin2(58) + (2.59)cos2(58)

P=

P = 2.993kN
Member
2
Capacity = nP = (1)(2.99)
= 2.99 >(1+1.13)
= 2.13kN SAFE
2x2
80% Apitong
Member 3
2x2
Consider
capacity of bolts in member 3 in relation to member 2:
80% Apitong
P=

@ Joint G

PcpPc
= (4.98)(2.59)
2
2
(Pcp)sin 2 + (Pc)cos 2 (4.98)sin2(28.07) + (2.59)cos2(28.07)

P = 4.14kN

3 = 83.35O

## Capacity = nP = (1)(4.14) = 4.14 >0.981128.25N

kN SAFE
1 = 58O

933.94N
Consider capacity of bolts in member 3 in relation to member 1
2 = 38.65O
and 2:
1009.97N
ft1ft+
22.13 0.98_
=
+
P1 P2 2.993 4.14

## Use 1-13mm bolt on member 3.

Member 1
2x4
80% Apitong

Consider Member 1:
Capacity of Bolts (13mm):
L = 50mm, Pcp = 4.98kN (from Table)
(1.13+1.13) = 4.98n

1130.46N

## n = 0.45 1 pc 13mm bolt

Tensile Strength:
Anet = 50[100-1(13+1.5)]
Anet = 4275 mm2
Ft = 16.5 Mpa (from Table)
1130.46 +1128.25
ft =
= 0.53 Mpa SAFE
4275
Consider capacity of bolts in member 1 in relation to member 2:
P=

PcpPc
= (4.98)(2.59)
2
2
(Pcp)sin 3 + (Pc)cos 3 (4.98)sin2(83.35) + (2.59)cos2(83.35)

P = 2.61kN

## Consider capacity of bolts in member 1 in relation to member 2

and 3:
ft2ft+
30.93 1.01_
=
+
= 0.69< 1.0 SAFE
P2 P 3
2.61 2.993
Use1-13mm bolt on member 1.

Joint G @ (continued)
Consider Member 2:
Capacity of Bolts (13mm):
L = 50mm, Pcp = 4.98kN (from Table)

## Capacity = nP = (1)(2.61) = 2.61 >0.93kN SAFE

Consider capacity of bolts in member 1 in relation to member 3:
P=

PcpPc
= (4.98)(2.59)
2
2
(Pcp)sin 1 + (Pc)cos 1
(4.98)sin2(58) + (2.59)cos2(58)

P = 2.993kN
Capacity = nP = (1)(2.993) = 2.993kN > 1.01kN SAFE

0.93 = 4.98n
n = 0.19 1 pc 13mm bolt
Compressive Strength:
Fc = 9.56 Mpa (from Table)
933.94
fc = 5000 = 0.19Mpa SAFE
PcpPcof bolts in member
(4.98)(2.59)
Consider capacity
2 in relation to member 1:
2
2
(Pcp)sin 3 + (Pc)cos 3 (4.98)sin2(83.35) + (2.59)cos2(83.35)

P=

P = 2.61kN
Capacity = nP = (1)(2.61) = 2.61 >(1.13+1.13) = 2.26kN SAFE

@ Joint G (continued)
Consider capacity of bolts in member 2 in relation to member 3:
Consider Member 3:
P=

PcpPc
= (4.98)(2.59)
2
2
(Pcp)sin 2 + (Pc)cos 2 (4.98)sin2(38.65) + (2.59)cos2(38.65)

P = 3.66kN

## Capacity of Bolts (13mm):

L = 50mm, Pcp = 4.98kN (from Table)

## Capacity = nP = (1)(3.66) = 3.66 > 1.01 kN SAFE

1.01 = 4.98n
n = 0.2 1 pc 13mm bolt

## Consider capacity of bolts in member 2 in relation to member 1

and 3:

Tensile Strength:
Anet = 50[100-1(13+1.5)]
Anet = 4275 mm2

ft1ft+
32.26 1.01
=
+
= 1.14> 1.0 NOT SAFE
P1 P3 2.61
3.66

`

## Ft = 16.5 Mpa (from Table)

1009.97
ft = 4275
= 0.24Mpa SAFE
Consider capacity of bolts in member 3 in relation to member 1:

1 = 58O
2 = 58O
3 = 64O
P=

## Use 2-13mm bolt on member 3.

PcpPc
(4.98)(2.59)
=
2
2
(Pcp)sin 1 + (Pc)cos 1 (4.98)sin2(58) + (2.59)cos2(58)

P = 2.993kN
Member 3
Capacity = nP = (1)(2.99) = 2.99 > (1.13+1.13) = 2.26kN SAFE
2x2
80% Apitong
Member 1
2x4
80% Apitong

Member 2
2x2
80% Apitong

@ Joint H

## Consider capacity of bolts in member 3 in relation to member 2:

P=

H
PcpPc
= (4.98)(2.59)
(Pcp)sin2 2 + (Pc)cos2 2 (4.98)sin2(38.65) + (2.59)cos2(38.65)

1128.25N

P = 3.66kN
Capacity = nP = (1)(3.66) = 3.66 > 0.93 kN SAFE

911.29N

912.64N

and 2:
1201.3N
ft1ft+
22.26 0.93_
=
+
P1 P2 2.993 3.66

## = 1.01 > 1.0 NOT SAFE

Consider Member 1:
Capacity of Bolts (13mm):
L = 50mm, Pcp = 4.98kN (from Table)

(1.13+0.91) = 4.98n
n = 0.41 1 pc 13mm bolt
Tensile Strength:
Anet = 50[100-1(13+1.5)]
Anet = 4275 mm2
Ft = 16.5 Mpa (from Table)
1128.25 +911.29
ft =
= 0.48Mpa SAFE
4275
Consider capacity of bolts in member 1 in relation to member 2:
PcpPc
P=
= (4.98)(2.59)
2
2
(Pcp)sin 3 + (Pc)cos 3 (4.98)sin2(64) + (2.59)cos2(64)
P = 2.853kN
Capacity = nP = (1)(2.853) = 2.853 >0.91kN SAFE

## Consider capacity of bolts in member 1 in relation to member 2

and 3:
ft2ft+
30.91 1.2_
=
+
= 1.12 > 1.0 NOT SAFE
P2 P3 2.853 2.993
Use2-13mm bolt on member 1.

@ Joint H (continued)
Consider Member 2:
Capacity of Bolts (13mm):
L = 50mm, Pcp = 4.98kN (from Table)
0.91 = 4.98n
n = 0.18 1 pc 13mm bolt

## Consider capacity of bolts in member 1 in relation to member 3:

P=

PcpPc
= (4.98)(2.59)
2
2
(Pcp)sin 1 + (Pc)cos 1
(4.98)sin2(58) + (2.59)cos2(58)

P = 2.993kN
Capacity = nP = (1)(2.993) = 2.993kN > 1.2kN SAFE

Tensile Strength:
Anet = 50[100-1(13+1.5)]
Anet = 4275 mm2
Ft = 16.5 Mpa (from Table)
912.64
ft = 4275 = 0.21 Mpa SAFE

P=

## Use 2-13mm bolts on member 2.

PcpPc
= (4.98)(2.59)
2
2
(Pcp)sin 3 + (Pc)cos 3 (4.98)sin2(64) + (2.59)cos2(64)

P = 2.853kN
Capacity = nP = (1)(2.853) = 2.853 > (1.13+0.91) = 2.04 kN SAFE

## Consider capacity of bolts in member 2 in relation to member 3:

P=

PcpPc
= (4.98)(2.59)
2
2
(Pcp)sin 2 + (Pc)cos 2
(4.98)sin2(58) + (2.59)cos2(58)

P = 2.993kN

@ Joint H (continued)
Consider Member 3:
Capacity of Bolts (13mm):
L = 50mm, Pcp = 4.98kN (from Table)

## Capacity = nP = (1)(2.993) = 2.993kN > 1.2kN SAFE

1.2 = 4.98n
n = 0.24 1 pc 13mm bolt
Consider capacity of bolts in member 2 in relation to member 1
and 3:
ft1ft+
32.04 1.2_
=
+
= 1.16> 1.0 NOT SAFE
P1 P3 2.853 2.993

Tensile Strength:
Anet = 50[100-1(13+1.5)]
Anet = 4275 mm2
Ft = 16.5 Mpa (from Table)
1201.3
ft = 4275 = 0.28 Mpa SAFE

0 kN

Member 1
2x2
80% Apitong

## Consider capacity of bolts in member 3 in relation to member 1:

P=

PcpPc
= (4.98)(2.59)
2
2
(Pcp)sin 3 + (Pc)cos 3 (4.98)sin2(58) + (2.59)cos2(58)

P = 2.993kN

Member 2
2x4
80% Apitong

## Capacity = nP = (1)(2.993) = 2.993> (1.13+0.91) = 2.04 kN SAFE

1309.44N

@ Joint J
J
Consider capacity of bolts in member 3 in relation to member 2:
P=

0 kN

PcpPc
= (4.98)(2.59)
2
2
(Pcp)sin 2 + (Pc)cos 2
(4.98)sin2(58) + (2.59)cos2(58)

P = 2.993kN
Capacity = nP = (1)(2.993) = 2.993kN >0.91 SAFE

## Consider capacity of bolts in member 3 in relation to member 1

and 2:
ft1ft22.04 0.91_
P1 + P2 = 2.993 +2.993 = 0.99< 1.0 SAFE
`

Consider Member 1:
Capacity of Bolts (13mm):

Member 1
2x2
80% Apitong
L = 50mm, Pcp = 4.98kN (from Table)

## Consider capacity of bolts in member 2 in relation to member 1:

0 kN
1.31 = 4.98n
n = 0.26 1 pc 13mm bolt

Pc = 2.59kN
Capacity = nP = (1)(2.59)
= 2.59
Member
3 kN > 1.31kN SAFE
2x4
Use 1-13mm bolt
onApitong
member 2.
80%
1068.4N

K
@ Joint K
Tensile Strength:
Anet = 50[100-1(13+1.5)]
Anet = 4275 mm2
Ft = 16.5 Mpa (from Table)
1309.44
ft = 4275
= 0.31 Mpa SAFE

0 kN

1087.79N

2 = 58O
Member 2
2x2
80% Apitong

1= 32O

Consider Member 2:
Member 2 has no axial force, therefore, a minimum 1 pc of 13mm
bolt is required to hold the metal plate and member 1.

Consider Member 1:
Capacity of Bolts (13mm):

## Capacity = nP = (1)(2.993) = 2.993 > 1.09 kN SAFE

1.07 = 4.98n
n = 0.21 1 pc 13mm bolt
Use 1-13mm bolt on member 1.

@ Joint K (continued)
Tensile Strength:
Anet = 50[100-1(13+1.5)]
Anet = 4275 mm2
Ft = 16.5 Mpa (from Table)
1068.4
ft = 4275 = 0.25 Mpa SAFE
Consider capacity of bolts in member 1 in relation to member 2:
P=

PcpPc
= (4.98)(2.59)
2
2
(Pcp)sin 2 + (Pc)cos 2 (4.98)sin2(58) + (2.59)cos2(58)

P = 2.993kN

Consider Member 2:
Capacity of Bolts (13mm):
L = 50mm, Pcp = 4.98kN (from Table)
1.09 = 4.98n
n = 0.22 1 pc 13mm bolt
Tensile Strength:
Anet = 50[100-1(13+1.5)]
Anet = 4275 mm2
Ft = 16.5 Mpa (from Table)
1087.79
ft = 4275
= 0.25 Mpa SAFE

Member 1
2x2
80% Apitong

## Consider capacity of bolts in member 2 in relation to member 1:

0 kN
P=

PcpPc
= (4.98)(2.59)
2
2
(Pcp)sin 2 + (Pc)cos 2 (4.98)sin2(58) + (2.59)cos2(58)

P = 2.993kN
Capacity = nP = (1)(2.993) = 2.993 > 1.07 kN SAFE

## Use 1-13mm bolt on member 2.

Consider Member 3:
Member 3 has no axial force, therefore, a minimum 1 pc of 13mm
bolt is required to hold the metal plate, member 1 and member 2.
Consider capacity of bolts in member 3 in relation to member 1:
Pc = 2.59kN
Capacity = nP = (1)(2.59) = 2.59 kN > 1.07kN SAFE

## Consider capacity of bolts in member 3 in relation to member 2:

P=

PcpPc
(4.98)(2.59)
=
2
2
(Pcp)sin 1 + (Pc)cos 1 (4.98)sin2(32) + (2.59)cos2(32)

P = 3.96kN
Capacity = nP = (1)(3.96) = 3.96> 1.09 kN SAFE
Member 3
Consider capacity
of bolts in member 3 in relation to member 1
2x4
and 2:
80% Apitong
1041.79N
ft1ft+
21.07 1.09_
=
+
P1 P2 2.993 3.96

## = 0.63 < 1.0 SAFE

L
Use 1-13mm bolt on member 3.
@ Joint L
0 kN
1188.95N
2 = 38.66O
Member 2
2x2
80% Apitong
1= 51.34O

Consider Member 1:
Capacity of Bolts (13mm):
L = 50mm, Pcp = 4.98kN (from Table)

P = 2.993kN
Capacity = nP = (1)(2.993) = 2.993 >1.19 kN SAFE

1.04 = 4.98n
n = 0.21 1 pc 13mm bolt
Use 1-13mm bolt on member 1.

@ Joint L (continued)
Tensile Strength:
Anet = 50[100-1(13+1.5)]
Anet = 4275 mm2
Ft = 16.5 Mpa (from Table)
1041.79
ft = 4275
= 0.24 Mpa SAFE
Consider capacity of bolts in member 1 in relation to member 2:
P=

PcpPc
(4.98)(2.59)
=
2
2
(Pcp)sin 2 + (Pc)cos 2 (4.98)sin2(58) + (2.59)cos2(58)

Consider Member 2:
Capacity of Bolts (13mm):
L = 50mm, Pcp = 4.98kN (from Table)
1.19 = 4.98n
n = 0.24 1 pc 13mm bolt
Tensile Strength:
Anet = 50[100-1(13+1.5)]
Anet = 4275 mm2

## Ft = 16.5 Mpa (from Table)

1188.95
ft = 4275
= 0.28 Mpa SAFE

Member 1
Consider 2x2
capacity of bolts in member 3 in relation to member 2:
80% Apitong
PcpPc
P=
= (4.98)(2.59)
2
2
(Pcp)sin 1 + (Pc)cos 1 (4.98)sin2(32) + (2.59)cos2(32)

## Consider capacity of bolts in member 2 in relation to member 1:

P = 3.96kN
P=

PcpPc
0 kN = (4.98)(2.59)
2
(Pcp)sin 2 + (Pc)cos2 2 (4.98)sin2(58) + (2.59)cos2(58)

P = 2.993kN
Capacity = nP = (1)(2.993) = 2.993 >1.04 kN SAFE

## Use 1-13mm bolt on member 2.

Consider Member 3:
Member 3 has no axial force, therefore, a minimum 1 pc of 13mm
bolt is required to hold the metal plate, member 1 and member 2.
Consider capacity of bolts in member 3 in relation to member 1:
Pc = 2.59kN
Capacity = nP = (1)(2.59) = 2.59 kN > 1.04kN SAFE

## Capacity = nP = (1)(3.96) = 3.96 > 1.19 kN SAFE

1598.16N
Consider capacity of bolts in member 3 in relation to member 1
and 2:
Member 4
M ft1ft21.04 1.19_
+
=
+
= 0.65< 1.0 SAFE
2x4
P1 P2 2.993 3.96
80% Apitong
Use 1-13mm bolt on member 3.
0 kN
@ Joint M
1287.28N

858.37N
2 = 38.66

Member 2
2x2
80% Apitong
1= 51.34O

Member 3
2x2
80% Apitong

## Consider capacity of bolts in member 1 in relation to member 3:

Consider Member 1:
Capacity of Bolts (13mm):
L = 50mm, Pcp = 4.98kN (from Table)
1.6 = 4.98n
n = 0.32 1 pc 13mm bolt
Tensile Strength:
Anet = 50[100-1(13+1.5)]
Anet = 4275 mm2
Ft = 16.5 Mpa (from Table)
1598.16
ft = 4275
= 0.37 Mpa SAFE
Consider capacity of bolts in member 1 in relation to member 2:
P=

PcpPc
(4.98)(2.59)
=
2
2
(Pcp)sin 2 + (Pc)cos 2 (4.98)sin2(38.66) + (2.59)cos2(38.66)

P = 2.993kN
Capacity = nP = (1)(2.993) = 2.993 > 1.29 kN SAFE

P=

PcpPc
(4.98)(2.59)
=
2
2
(Pcp)sin 2 + (Pc)cos 2 (4.98)sin2(38.66) + (2.59)cos2(38.66)

P = 2.993kN
Capacity = nP = (1)(2.993) = 2.993 > 0.86 kN SAFE
Consider capacity of bolts in member 3 in relation to member 1
and 2:
ft1ft+
21.29 0.86_
=
+
= 0.72 < 1.0 SAFE
P1 P2 2.993 2.993
Use 1-13mm bolt on member 1.
@ Joint M (continued)
Consider Member 2:
Capacity of Bolts (13mm):
L = 50mm, Pcp = 4.98kN (from Table)
1.29 = 4.98n
n = 0.26 1 pc 13mm bolt
Tensile Strength:
Anet = 50[100-1(13+1.5)]
Anet = 4275 mm2

## Ft = 16.5 Mpa (from Table)

1287.28
ft = 4275
= 0.3 Mpa SAFE
Consider capacity of bolts in member 2 in relation to member 1:
P=

PcpPc
(4.98)(2.59)
=
2
2
(Pcp)sin 2 + (Pc)cos 2 (4.98)sin2(38.66) + (2.59)cos2(38.66)

## Consider capacity of bolts in member 3 in relation to member 1

and 2:
ft1ft+
2_1.6 0.86_
=
+
= 0.86< 1.0 SAFE
P1 P2 2.993 2.65
Use 1-13mm bolt on member 2.

P = 2.993kN
Capacity = nP = (1)(2.993) = 2.993 > 1.6 kN SAFE

## Consider capacity of bolts in member 2 in relation to member 3:

@ Joint M (continued)
P=

PcpPc
(4.98)(2.59)
=
2
(Pcp)sin 22 + (Pc)cos222 (4.98)sin2(77.32) + (2.59)cos2(77.32)

P = 2.65kN
Capacity = nP = (1)(2.65) = 2.65> 0.86 kN SAFE

Consider Member 3:
Capacity of Bolts (13mm):
L = 50mm, Pcp = 4.98kN (from Table)
0.86 = 4.98n
n = 0.17 1 pc 13mm bolt
Compressive Strength:

## Fc = 9.56 Mpa (from Table)

858.37
fc = 4275 = 0.2 Mpa SAFE
Consider capacity of bolts in member 3 in relation to member 1:
P=

PcpPc
(4.98)(2.59)
=
2
2
(Pcp)sin 2 + (Pc)cos 2 (4.98)sin2(38.66) + (2.59)cos2(38.66)

## Consider capacity of bolts in member 3 in relation to member 1

and 2:
ft1ft+
2_1.6 1.29_
=
+
= 1.02 > 1.0 NOT SAFE
P1 P2 2.993 2.65
Use 2-13mm bolt on member 3.

P = 2.993kN
Capacity = nP = (1)(2.993) = 2.993 > 1.6 kN SAFE

## Consider capacity of bolts in member 3 in relation to member 2:

P=

PcpPc
(4.98)(2.59)
=
2
(Pcp)sin 22 + (Pc)cos222 (4.98)sin2(77.32) + (2.59)cos2(77.32)

P = 2.65kN
Capacity = nP = (1)(2.65) = 2.65 > 1.29 kN SAFE

@ Joint M (continued)
Consider Member 4:
Member 4 has no axial force, therefore, use 2 pcs of 13mm bolt to
hold the metal plate, member 1, member 2, and member 3.
Consider capacity of bolts in member 4 in relation to member 1:
Pc = 2.59kN

933.94N

2 = 38.66O

Member 2
2x2
Capacity = nP = (2)(2.59) = 5.18 kN > 1.6kN SAFE 80% Apitong
1= 51.34O
Consider capacity of bolts in member 4 in relation to member 2:

P = 3.19kN
Capacity = nP = (2)(3.19) = 6.38>0.86 kN SAFE

0
P=

PcpPc
= (4.98)(2.59)
2
2
(Pcp)sin 1 + (Pc)cos 1 (4.98)sin2(51.34) + (2.59)cos2(51.34)

P = 3.19kN

## Consider capacity of bolts in member 3 in relation to member

1,2,& 3:
ft1ft+
21.61.29 + 0.86_
=
+
= 0.65 < 1.0 SAFE
P1 P2 5.18
6.38

## Capacity = nP = (2)(3.19) = 6.38> 1.29 kN SAFE

Use 2-13mm bolt on member 3.

@ Joint N

## Consider capacity of bolts in member 4 in relation to member 2:

P=

PcpPc
= (4.98)(2.59)
2
2
(Pcp)sin 1 + (Pc)cos 1 (4.98)sin2(51.34) + (2.59)cos2(51.34)

## Consider capacity of bolts in member 1 in relation to member 2:

P=
Consider Member 1:
Capacity of Bolts (13mm):
L = 50mm, Pcp = 4.98kN (from Table)

PcpPc
= (4.98)(2.59)
2
2
(Pcp)sin 2 + (Pc)cos 2 (4.98)sin2(58) + (2.59)cos2(58)

P = 2.993kN
Capacity = nP = (1)(2.993) = 2.993 >0.93 kN SAFE

0.98 = 4.98n
n = 0.2 1 pc 13mm bolt
Use 1-13mm bolt on member 1.

@ Joint N (continued)
Tensile Strength:
Anet = 50[100-1(13+1.5)]
Anet = 4275 mm2
Ft = 16.5 Mpa (from Table)
983.12
ft = 4275 = 0.23 Mpa SAFE

Consider Member 2:
Capacity of Bolts (13mm):
L = 50mm, Pcp = 4.98kN (from Table)
0.93 = 4.98n
n = 0.24 1 pc 13mm bolt

912.64N
2 = 58O Compressive Strength:
Fc = 9.56 Mpa (from Table)
933.94
1= 32O
fc= 5000 = 0.19 Mpa SAFE

Member 2
2x2
80% Apitong

## Consider capacity of bolts in member 2 in relation to member 1:

P=

PcpPc
= (4.98)(2.59)
2
2
(Pcp)sin 2 + (Pc)cos 2 (4.98)sin2(58) + (2.59)cos2(58)

P = 2.993kN
Capacity = nP = (1)(2.993) = 2.993 >0.98 kN SAFE

## Consider capacity of bolts in member 3 in relation to member 2:

P=

PcpPc
= (4.98)(2.59)
2
2
(Pcp)sin 1 + (Pc)cos 1 (4.98)sin2(32) + (2.59)cos2(32)

P = 3.96kN
Capacity = nP = (1)(3.96) = 3.96 >0.93 kN SAFE
Consider capacity of bolts in member 3 in relation to member 1
and 2:

## Use 1-13mm bolt on member 2.

ft1ft+
20.980.93_
=
+
P1 P2 2.993 3.96

Consider Member 3:
Member 3 has no axial force, therefore, a minimum 1 pc of 13mm
bolt is required to hold the metal plate, member 1 and member 2.
Consider capacity of bolts in member 3 in relation to member 1:
Pc = 2.59kN

@ Joint O

ft =

1009.97
4275

## Consider capacity of bolts in member 1 in relation to member 2:

Consider Member 1:
Capacity of Bolts (13mm):
L = 50mm, Pcp = 4.98kN (from Table)

P=

PcpPc
= (4.98)(2.59)
2
2
(Pcp)sin 2 + (Pc)cos 2 (4.98)sin2(58) + (2.59)cos2(58)

P = 2.993kN
Capacity = nP = (1)(2.993) = 2.993 >0.91 kN SAFE

1.01 = 4.98n
n = 0.2 1 pc 13mm bolt

## Use 1-13mm bolt on member 1.

Tensile Strength:
Anet = 50[100-1(13+1.5)]
Anet = 4275 mm2
Ft = 16.5 Mpa (from Table)

@ Joint O (continued)
Consider Member 2:
Capacity of Bolts (13mm):
L = 50mm, Pcp = 4.98kN (from Table)

0.91 = 4.98n
n = 0.18 1 pc 13mm bolt
Compressive Strength:
0 kN

## Consider capacity of bolts in member 3 in relation to member 1:

Member 1
2x2
80% Apitong

Pc = 2.59kN
Capacity = nP = (1)(2.59) = 2.59 kN > 1.01kN SAFE

fc=

912.64
5000

## Consider capacity of bolts in member 3 in relation to member 2:

PcpPc
= (4.98)(2.59)
2
2
(Pcp)sin 1 + (Pc)cos 1 (4.98)sin2(32) + (2.59)cos2(32)
Member 2
P = 3.96kN
2x4
80% Apitong
Capacity = nP = (1)(3.96)
= 3.96 >0.91 kN SAFE
1201.3N
P=

## Consider capacity of bolts in member 2 in relation to member 1:

P=

PcpPc
= (4.98)(2.59)
2
2
(Pcp)sin 2 + (Pc)cos 2 (4.98)sin2(58) + (2.59)cos2(58)

P = 2.993kN
Capacity = nP = (1)(2.993) = 2.993 >1.01 kN SAFE

and 2:
P

ft1ft+
21.010.91_
=
+
P1 P2 2.993 3.96

## = 0.57< 1.0 SAFE

kN
Use 1-13mm bolt on 0
member
3.
Consider Member 3:
Member 3 has no axial force, therefore, a minimum 1 pc of 13mm
bolt is required to hold the metal plate, member 1 and member 2.

@ Joint P

Member 1
2x4
80% Apitong

## Ft = 16.5 Mpa (from Table)

1201.3
ft = 4275 = 0.28 Mpa SAFE

Consider Member 2:
Member 2 has no axial force, therefore, a minimum 1 pc of 13mm
Member 2
bolt is required to hold the metal plate and member 1.
2x4
911.29N
80%
Apitong
Consider capacity of bolts in member 2 in relation to member 1:

Consider Member 1:
Capacity of Bolts (13mm):
L = 50mm, Pcp = 4.98kN (from Table)
1.2 = 4.98n
n = 0.24 1 pc 13mm bolt

Pc = 2.59kN
Capacity = nP = (1)(2.59) = 2.59 kN > 1.2 kN SAFE
Use 1-13mm bolt on member 2.
0 kN

Tensile Strength:
Anet = 50[100-1(13+1.5)]

@ Joint I

Tensile Strength:
Anet = 50[100-1(13+1.5)]
Anet = 4275 mm2

= 32O

## Ft = 16.5 Mpa (from Table)

911.29
ft = 4275 = 0.21 Mpa SAFE

Consider Member 2:
Member 2 has no axial force, therefore, a minimum 1 pc of 13mm
bolt is required to hold the metal plate and member 1.
Consider Member 1:
Capacity of Bolts (13mm) :
L=50mm, Pcp = 4.98kN (from Table)
0.91 = 4.98n
n = 0.18 1 pc 13mm bolt
Use1-13mm bolt on member 1.

## Consider capacity of bolts in member 2 in relation to member 1:

Pcp = 4.98kN, Pc = 2.59kN
P=

PcpPc
=
(Pcp)sin2 + (Pc)cos2

(4.98)(2.59)
(4.98)sin2(32) + (2.59)cos2(32)

P = 3.955kN
Capacity = nP = (1)(3.955) = 3.995kN > 0.91kN SAFE
Use1-13mm bolt on member 2.