You are on page 1of 30

BOLT TORQUES FOR ASME B16.5 FLANGES WITH SHEET GASKETS TO ASME B16.

21
FLANGE PRESSURE CLASS
NOMINAL FLANGE DIAMETER
FLANGE MATERIAL
GASKET MATERIAL
STUD BOLT GRADE
NUT GRADE
IS FLANGE JOINT INSULATED?
MAXIMUM FLUID TEMPERATURE
MINIMUM BOLT UTILISATION
MAXIMUM BOLT UTILISATION
STUD BOLT CONDITION
IGNORE MINIMUM GASKET PRESSURE?
TORQUE COEFFICIENT, K
STUD BOLT SIZE
NO. OF STUD BOLTS
BOLT LOAD
BOLT TORQUE 1ST PASS
BOLT TORQUE 2ND PASS
BOLT TORQUE FINAL PASS

150
15
ASTM A105

lb
mm
PTFE

ASTM A193-B7
ASTM A194-2H
NO
30
60

0
C
20
% OF YIELD STRENGTH
% OF YIELD STRENGTH

NEVER-SEIZE (PASTE)

NO
0.17
1/2
4
18.0
12.0
23.0
39.0

in
kN
Nm
Nm
Nm

BOLT LOAD REQUIRED FOR MINIMUM BOLT UTILISATION

NOTES:
1. BOLT TORQUE (Nm) = TORQUE COEFFICIENT, K x BOLT LOAD (kN) x BOLT DIAMETER (mm)
2. MINIMUM GASKET PRESSURE = 30 MPa
3. MAXIMUM GASKET PRESSURE = 120 MPa
4. FOR FLANGE BOLTING PROCEDURE REFER TO DRAWING NO. 467972
5. WASHERS ARE TO BE USED UNDER EACH NUT FOR STUD BOLT SIZES > 1"
6. GASKET PRESSURE = 126 MPa
7. BOLT UTILISATION = 30 % OF YIELD STRENGTH

COMPLETE BOLT LOAD RESULTS

MINIMUM BOLT LOAD (BOLT UTILISATION)
MINIMUM BOLT LOAD (GASKET PRESSURE)

18
4

kN
kN

MAXIMUM BOLT LOAD (FLANGE STRENGTH)
MAXIMUM BOLT LOAD (BOLT UTILISATION)
MAXIMUM BOLT LOAD (GASKET PRESSURE)

19
36
17

kN
kN
kN

MINIMUM BOLT LOAD
MAXIMUM BOLT LOAD

18
17

kN
kN

BOLT LOAD RANGE

18 - 18

321143380.xls

kN

GASKET PRESSURE RANGE

126 - 126

NOTES:
1. MINIMUM BOLT LOAD REQUIRED FOR MINIMUM BOLT UTILISATION
2. MAXIMUM BOLT LOAD REQUIRED FOR MINIMUM BOLT UTILISATION

321143380.xls

MPa

16.5 FLANGES WITH SHEET GASKETS TO ASME B16.21

PTFE

ASTM A193-B7
ASTM A194-2H
[250 °C MAX]
% OF YIELD STRENGTH
% OF YIELD STRENGTH
NEVER-SEIZE (PASTE)

QUIRED FOR MINIMUM BOLT UTILISATION

MPLETE BOLT LOAD RESULTS

321143380.xls

xls .321143380.

0 86.0 119.1 371.0 500.0 167.0 86.0 62.1 84. OF BOLTS CLASS 300 BOLT SIZE (in) NO.0 206.0 602. 4.0 311.4 135.0 130.0 94.0 102.0 86.0 123.0 29.0 41.0 15.0 28.21 FLANGE SPECIFICATION: ASME B16.0 57.0 263.0 20.0 206.0 BOLT TORQUE 2ND PASS (ft.0 407.lb) BOLT TORQUE FINAL PASS (ft.1 84.0 206.0 39.0 279.0 195. TABLES ARE TO BE USED AS A GENERAL GUIDE.0 88.0 156.0 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 80 90 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 600 1/2 4 5/8 4 5/8 4 5/8 4 3/4 4 5/8 8 3/4 8 3/4 8 3/4 8 3/4 8 3/4 8 3/4 12 7/8 12 1 16 1 1/8 16 1 1/8 20 1 1/4 20 1 1/4 24 1 1/4 24 1 1/2 24 BOLT LOAD (kN) BOLT TORQUE 1ST PASS (Nm) 18.0 46.0 220.0 55.0 124.0 115.0 78.0 678.0 123.0 57.0 632.0 407.0 1004.0 52.0 206.0 845.0 741.0 91.0 32.0 143.0 69.0 233.9 204.0 57. 7.0 1303.0 167.0 629.0 156.0 150. 11.0 BOLT SIZE (in) NO.7 47.0 47.0 30.0 603.0 62.4 136.0 485.0 53.1 84.0 500.0 206.0 167.0 1004.0 547.0 100. FLANGE JOINTS ARE CONSIDERED TO BE UNINSULATED.0 168.0 24. K x BOLT LOAD (kN) x BOLT DIAMETER (mm).0 17.0 49.0 300.0 279.0 39.0 35.0 853.0 78.0 47.0 207.0 67.0 124.0 2172.0 912.0 86.0 86.0 279.0 115.0 BOLT TORQUE 1ST PASS (ft.0 279.0 35.lb) 17.0 12.0 36.0 168.0 279.7 302.0 150.0 156.1 84.9 23.0 222.0 1602. 467972.0 156.0 58.lb) 23.5 FLANGES WITH SHEET GASKETS TO ASME B16.TORQUE TABLES FOR ASME B16.0 53.0 223.0 167.0 69.0 335.0 63.0 24.0 200.0 69. TABLES SHOULD NOT BE CONSIDERED TO CONTAIN ABSOLUTE VALUES DUE TO THE LARGE NUMBER OF UNCONTROLLABLE VARIABLES INVOLVED WITH BOLTED JOINTS.6 43.0 740. BOLT TORQUE (Nm) = TORQUE COEFFICIENT.0 90.0 78.0 229. ONLY TORQUE WRENCHES THAT HAVE BEEN CALIBRATED SHOULD BE USED.0 35.3 427.0 105.0 17. 10.7 47. MINIMUM GASKET PRESSURE = 30 MPa (CLASS 150) & 40 MPa (CLASS 300).0 111.0 96.0 39.0 1237.0 146.0 279.0 274.0 57.0 1004. 9.0 206. OF BOLTS NOMINAL DIAMETER (mm) 100 125 150 NOTES: 1.0 119.0 41. 6.0 51.0 206.1 84. .0 62.0 34.0 200.0 300.0 300.0 333.0 100.0 36.0 741.0 279.0 333.1 84.0 9.6 45.0 35.0 65.1 84.0 31.0 21.0 776. 3.0 62.0 451.1 16.0 271.0 18.lb) BOLT TORQUE FINAL PASS (ft.0 271.0 BOLT TORQUE 2ND PASS (Nm) BOLT TORQUE FINAL PASS (Nm) BOLT TORQUE 1ST PASS (ft.0 24.0 32.0 603. MINIMUM BOLT LOAD = 30% OF YIELD STRENGTH.0 466.0 223.0 67.4 197.0 500.lb) BOLT TORQUE 2ND PASS (ft.0 315.0 123.0 123.0 1421.0 34.0 35.1 84. 12.0 623. MAXIMUM BOLT LOAD = 60% OF YIELD STRENGTH.0 62. WASHERS ARE TO BE USED UNDER EACH NUT FOR STUD BOLT SIZES > 1" 8.0 115.0 206.0 481. FOR FLANGE BOLTING PROCEDURE REFER TO DRAWING NO.1 39.0 168.0 24.0 12.0 961.0 271.0 57.0 678.0 78.0 124.0 83.7 302.0 135.4 652.0 124.0 94.9 204.0 162.0 658.0 58.0 150.0 279.8 66.5 SPECIFICATIONS.8 27.0 156.0 62.0 206.0 47.0 206.0 132.0 444.0 1048.0 395.0 BOLT TORQUE 2ND PASS (Nm) BOLT TORQUE FINAL PASS (Nm) 23.0 48.0 39.0 100.0 86.0 152. MAXIMUM GASKET PRESSURE = 120 MPa.0 452. SPECIAL ATTENTION SHOULD BE GIVEN TO SEATING SURFACE FINISH AND FLATNESS. 2.0 30.0 62.0 63.5 MAXIMUM FLUID TEMPERATURE: 20 °C FLANGE MATERIAL: ASTM A105 STUD BOLT SPECIFICATION: ASTM A193-B7 NUT SPECIFICATION: ASTM A194-2H GASKET SPECIFICATION: PTFE BOLT LUBRICANT: NEVER-SEIZE (PASTE) TORQUE COEFFICIENT: 0.0 333.0 18.0 29.lb) 9. 5.0 678.0 445.0 167.9 203.0 316.0 50.0 200.0 61.0 86.0 94.0 150. 13.0 138. ALL BOLT TORQUE TABLES ARE BASED ON THE USE NEW BOLTS AND NUTS.0 260.0 119. THE FLANGES ARE ASSUMED TO BE IN GOOD CONDITION AND IN COMPLIANCE WITH ASME B16.8 62.0 452.4 136.7 301.0 32.17 CLASS 150 NOMINAL DIAMETER (mm) 100 125 150 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 80 90 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 600 1/2 4 1/2 4 1/2 4 1/2 4 1/2 4 5/8 4 5/8 4 5/8 4 5/8 8 5/8 8 3/4 8 3/4 8 3/4 8 7/8 12 7/8 12 1 12 1 16 1 1/8 16 1 1/8 20 1 1/4 20 BOLT LOAD (kN) BOLT TORQUE 1ST PASS (Nm) 18.0 97.0 29.0 86.0 206.0 445.0 12.0 67.0 156.0 407.0 742.0 123.0 62.0 291.8 422.0 1038.0 86.0 1053.0 1408.7 47.

2. 15 126 30 94 B 20 114 40 100 25 114 52 100 32 85 60 72 40 64 60 60 20 137 30 75 B 25 120 34 77 32 120 53 76 40 120 47 87 MINIMUM GASKET PRESSURE = 30 MPa. . MINIMUM BOLT LOAD = 30% OF YIELD STRENGTH. MAXIMUM GASKET PRESSURE = 120 MPa.REVIEW CALCULATIONS FLANGE SPECIFICATION: ASME B16. MAXIMUM GASKET PRESSURE = 120 MPa. 4. 4.5 MAXIMUM FLUID TEMPERATURE: 20 °C FLANGE MATERIAL: ASTM A105 STUD BOLT SPECIFICATION: ASTM A193-B7 NUT SPECIFICATION: ASTM A194-2H GASKET SPECIFICATION: PTFE CLASS 150 GASKET PRESSURE (MPa) BOLT UTILISATION (% YS) FLANGE STRESS LEVEL (% ALLOW) 1. 2. CLASS 300 GASKET PRESSURE (MPa) BOLT UTILISATION (% YS) FLANGE STRESS LEVEL (% ALLOW) 1. MINIMUM BOLT LOAD = 30% OF YIELD STRENGTH. MAXIMUM BOLT LOAD = 60% OF YIELD STRENGTH. MAXIMUM BOLT LOAD = 60% OF YIELD STRENGTH. 15 126 30 75 B MINIMUM GASKET PRESSURE = 40 MPa. 3. 3.

50 63 60 75 65 54 60 81 80 37 60 61 NOMINAL DIAMETER (mm) 90 100 125 150 64 48 64 50 58 55 60 60 100 100 97 72 200 37 60 60 250 64 60 91 300 48 60 64 350 58 60 97 400 61 60 95 350 83 39 100 400 95 44 100 LEGEND: G: BOLT LOAD REQUIRED FOR MINIMUM GASKET PRESSURE B: BOLT LOAD REQUIRED FOR MINIMUM BOLT UTILISATION 50 105 50 100 65 120 44 100 80 111 60 100 NOMINAL DIAMETER (mm) 90 100 125 150 99 78 64 75 60 60 60 60 81 73 64 94 200 77 60 80 250 112 60 92 300 110 60 91 .

< MIN RECOMMENDED MIN REC 450 98 52 100 500 102 59 100 600 103 51 100 0 0 0 40 30 AVE (< MIN REC) .NO. < MIN RECOMMENDED MIN REC 450 59 60 77 500 67 60 89 600 67 60 90 0 0 0 AVE (< MIN REC) 30 30 MIN MAX 37 30 60 126 60 100 MIN MAX 64 30 64 137 60 100 NO.

7 137.0 48 143.6 720 71 58 54 54.1 95.5 51.0 114 34.6 83.1 4 5/8 11.0 50.5 86.1 157.9 17.0 63.1 279.7 77.9 221.0 226.9 57.1 89.Calculations For ASME B16.0 60.2 63.0 50 221.0 89.4 90. of Bolts Size of Bolts (in) Threads per Inch Gasket Contact Area (mm2) Bolt Core Area (mm2) Bolt Yield Strength (MPa) Maximum Bolt Load Based on Flange Strength (MPa) Maximum Bolt Load Available (kN) Maximum Gasket Pressure Available (MPa) Maximum Gasket Pressure Recommended or Available (MPa) Minimum Bolt Load Based on Minimum Bolt Utilisation (kN) Minimum Bolt Load Based on Minimum Gasket Pressure (kN) Minimum Bolt Load (kN) Minimum Bolt Torque (Nm) Preferred Bolt Load (kN) Preferred Bolt Torque (Nm) Preferred Gasket Pressure (MPa) Nominal Pipe Size (mm) 100 125 150 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 80 90 200 48.8 67.3 52.7 103.7 127.0 8822 133.0 42.1 279.0 38.0 73.9 27.0 102.00 1701 83.5 50.9 162.5 4 1/2 13.1 33.0 18 6.8 4 1/2 13.0 90.8 64 61.1 175.0 38.9 111.2 18.5 40.7 154.7 20.xls Nominal Pipe Size (mm) 100 125 150 200 Page 9 .0 168.2 43 51.6 720 53 58 52 52.4 139.3 18.8 4 5/8 11.6 720 77 58 63 63.4 720 60 36 64 63.2 15.0 127.7 155.0 92.0 38.0 18680 199.7 149.5 166.0 103.0 48.9 31.7 8 3/4 10.2 116.8 18.0 33.8 90.0 89.0 102.3 216.0 38.5 269.00 2261 83.0 64 116.5 46.9 77.4 720 120 86 50 50.0 139.0 157.1 57.4 720 50 36 85 84.9 27.7 42.5 26.7 155.7 77.5 73.7 143.0 139.7 215.0 48.9 105.6 57.9 92.9 77.7 116.5 40.0 70.8 43.0 141.8 34.1 181.0 50.7 170.0 6931 133.21 Flange Material = Stud Bolt Grade = Nut Grade = Minimum Gasket Pressure Class 150 = Minimum Gasket Pressure Class 300 = Maximum Gasket Pressure = Minimum Bolt Load = Maximum Bolt Load = Bolt Condition = Torque Coefficient.9 36.7 42.9 55.9 24.6 720 56 58 67 66.1 61.0 28.2 35.7 215.1 102.9 52.7 43.0 141.9 31.00 1092 83.2 63.5 269.5 202.0 13724 199.9 170.6 720 95 58 37 37.8 128.2 35.1 52.6 104.7 18 17.0 18.0 90.9 36.8 128.5 202.0 77.2 29 46.0 67.4 720 31 36 132 120.0 33.0 168.1 139.0 219.0 37 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 80 90 54.0 73.0 42.2 251.7 103.0 4 1/2 13.3 18.0 27.0 27.5 50.9 86.6 43 40.8 34.9 Class 300 Gasket OD (mm) Gasket ID (mm) Raised Face Diameter (mm) Slip-on Flange Bore (mm) Weld Neck Flange Bore (mm) Gasket Contact ID (mm) Gasket Contact OD (mm) 321143380.3 29 31.4 720 19 36 253 120.1 61.0 104.4 720 24 36 171 120.7 127.8 185. K = ASTM A105 ASTM A193-B7 ASTM A194-2H 30 MPa 40 MPa 120 MPa 30 % of Yield Strength 60 % of Yield Strength NEVER-SEIZE (PASTE) 0.9 170.2 15.2 34.0 269.6 62.0 185.5 124.5 26.0 18 8.8 85 49.9 34.8 57.7 155.0 49.5 125.0 21.0 34.0 157.7 143.6 142.17 Class 150 Gasket OD (mm) Gasket ID (mm) Raised Face Diameter (mm) Slip-on Flange Bore (mm) Weld Neck Flange Bore (mm) Gasket Contact ID (mm) Gasket Contact OD (mm) No.5 43.1 157.1 308.7 22.9 52.9 43 70.1 279.4 28.00 570 83.9 92.9 4 1/2 13.0 269.9 73.7 22.0 114.0 185.0 4 5/8 11.0 3653 133.1 279.0 104.1 74.3 197.2 8 5/8 11.0 18 4.0 215.0 10843 199.6 150.0 114 43.2 222.7 86.0 49.0 64 170.8 74.0 4255 133.9 120 27.1 36.1 86.0 73.9 67.9 8 3/4 10.9 27.9 86.4 720 89 86 64 63.5 130.8 185.1 102.4 90.0 42.7 63 74.2 29 27.7 54 90.0 92.0 219.5 49.9 22.0 77.5 73.0 38.0 60.6 104.7 18 12.7 20.0 34.2 34.0 63.2 143.9 8 3/4 10.0 127.6 62.9 221.9 221.5 Flanges With Sheet Gaskets to ASME B16.00 843 83.0 21.7 37 103.3 29 33.9 165.0 6207 133.5 43.0 42.6 76.4 139.9 4 1/2 13.0 215.8 74.2 116.6 29 26.4 720 144 86 37 36.7 154.9 22.0 73.7 8 5/8 11.0 61.0 114.

3 43.2 175. Tables are to be used only as a general guide.1 43 44.4 451. 4. Washers are be used under the head of each nut and the lubricant is to be used on the nuts.0 2261 199.5 86.1 142.8 206.0 43 31.6 43.0 18 5.1 139.2 120 4 5/8 11.4 720 87 86 111 111.2 86.9 77. 3.6 43 54.7 18.4 43 34.6 720 67 58 136 120.0 18680 276.0 43 22.0 99 8 3/4 10. All bolt torque values are based upon the use of new nuts and new bolts of proper design.0 1701 133.00 570 83.0 111 8 3/4 10.1 139.1 139.7 120 8 3/4 10.1 139.0 843 133. Tables should not be considered to contain absolute values due to the large number of uncontrollable variables involved with bolted joints.1 279.4 120 4 5/8 11.3 68. The flanges are assumed to be in good condition and in compliance with ASME B16.5 63.9 86.7 120 8 5/8 11.3 119.8 219.1 279. bolts and washers.1 279.0 3653 133. No provisions have been made in these tables to account for vibration effects on the bolts. acceptable quality and approved materials of construction as well as metallurgy.4 720 118 86 78 78.5 67.6 720 48 58 126 120.9 51.6 720 42 58 211 120. 5.0 8822 199.9 48.0 43.8 88.0 28. of Bolts Size of Bolts (in) Threads per Inch Gasket Contact Area (mm2) Bolt Core Area (mm2) Bolt Yield Strength (MPa) Maximum Bolt Load Based on Flange Strength (MPa) Maximum Bolt Load Available (kN) Maximum Gasket Pressure Available (MPa) Maximum Gasket Pressure Recommended or Available (MPa) Minimum Bolt Load Based on Minimum Bolt Utilisation (kN) Minimum Bolt Load Based on Minimum Gasket Pressure (kN) Minimum Bolt Load (kN) Minimum Bolt Torque (Nm) Preferred Bolt Load (kN) Preferred Bolt Torque (Nm) Preferred Gasket Pressure (MPa) 4 1/2 13.0 29 10.9 77.0 38.0 29 8.7 120 4 3/4 10.7 60 62.7 148.0 13724 199.3 43 45. 6.9 77.0 75 12 7/8 9.0 6931 199.6 720 38 58 274 120.No.0 10843 199.3 28.7 43.0 64 12 3/4 10.1 36.xls Page 10 .0 4255 199.3 62.5 720 149 119 77 76.1 44.0 43 21. 321143380.9 25.0 29 18.0 29 17.4 720 106 86 99 99. 467972 for the flange bolting procedure to be used.0 137.9 28. Only torque wrenches that have been calibrated should be used.1 279. 2.4 720 24 36 253 120.4 720 135 86 64 63.4 720 91 86 75 75. Refer to Drawing No.9 17.7 45.5 86. 8.4 28. Special attention should be given to seating surface finish and flatness.3 235.8 105 8 3/4 10.1 279.2 54.4 720 78 86 152 120.3 77 Notes: 1.9 32.4 720 64 86 162 120.6 86.0 78 8 3/4 10.5 specifications.9 120 4 5/8 11.0 6207 199. 7.0 1092 133.1 129.9 77.

321143380.xls Page 11 .

0 381.0 692.8 156.2 132 117.9 103.0 692.0 457.5 338.8 276.8 12 1 8.4 131.0 78.8 156.4 720 268 207 59 59.0 591.6 119.5 469.0 22431 276.9 60 56.1 59.0 356.2 412.3 1420.0 406.2 254.0 584.9 677.0 78292 609.0 381.2 81.0 304.1 584.0 323.0 469.3 501.0 457.0 406.2 20 1 1/4 8.0 610.xls Page 12 .8 486.2 20 1 1/8 8.0 327.4 549.4 720 233 207 67 67.2 616.1 489.8 359.0 381.0 324.7 60 75.0 412.6 710.7 1003.8 359.5 720 186 119 48 47.0 12 7/8 9.6 540.1 283.4 461.5 387.0 323.6 422.8 451.4 513.5 387.4 451.0 775.2 720 162 157 58 57.2 254.4 263.0 356.4 451.8 327.0 469.7 206.9 410.5 720 132 119 64 63.5 61 461.0 533.2 321143380.9 78 81.9 67 Gasket Compression = Nominal Pipe Size (mm) 250 300 350 400 450 500 600 362.9 59 513.8 438.8 410.0 30027 276.1 584.3 64 327.5 469.2 350.5 103 91.9 104.9 206.9 461.2 720 165 157 61 61.Nominal Pipe Size (mm) 250 300 350 400 450 500 600 340.6 410.0 381.2 412.4 597.9 16 1 8.7 1003.0 55965 478.2 336.0 591.1 103 104.0 718.1 78 77.4 461.2 323.0 508.6 514.0 508.1 489.7 225.0 276.0 359.3 48 359.8 533.4 720 292 263 67 67.0 273.0 610.6 119.0 324.0 412.0 273.0 692.5 58 410.8 533.8 12 7/8 9.2 616.0 692.1 75.9 509.9 410.0 41073 363.0 32499 363.2 513.8 438.9 67 616.0 61275 478.0 584.2 616.0 327.2 323.0 276.2 513.0 533.8 276.4 16 1 1/8 8.9 677.2 336.0 606.0 304.0 654.

4 720 229 263 113 112.6 710.8 156.3 103 Page 13 .4 229.0 32499 478.0 22431 363.9 110 20 1 1/8 8.0 61275 609.4 260.1 1236.1 103 75.5 198.3 501.4 657.4 720 135 207 127 120.9 135.5 1285.5 335.4 2172.9 720 335 397 122 120.9 677.0 103.xls 24 1 1/4 8.7 1003.16 1 8.9 206.4 720 228 207 110 110.4 720 261 263 103 103.3 501.0 198 130.0 78292 918.7 102 24 1 1/2 8.0 41073 609.6 83 20 1 1/4 8.8 1407.0 30027 478.0 132 82.5 112 16 1 1/8 8.5 338.7 98 321143380.4 720 195 263 128 120.1 103.0 1052.9 132 93.1 78.0 103 65.5 95 24 1 1/4 8.9 78 56.2 720 171 157 112 111.1 131.4 195.6 710.3 131.1 132 102.0 55965 609.6 710.1 131.

321143380.xls Page 14 .

5 40.5 48 21 34.5 149 165 89 102 127.0 287 238 1 73 33 50.75 289 1 67 33 50.5 43.9 27. of Bolts Size of Bolts (inches) Threads per Inch Size of Bolts (mm) Thread Pitch (mm) Maximum Bolt Stress Based on Flange Strength .0 579 2.75 57 27 42.5 8 5/8 11 16 2.2 15.Carbon Steel (MPa) 0.7 4 5/8 11 16 2.8 74. of Bolts Size of Bolts (inches) Threads per Inch Size of Bolts (mm) Thread Pitch (mm) Maximum Bolt Stress Based on Flange Strength .0 714 416 Maximum Bolt Stress Based on Flange Strength .5 86 48 73.8 34.9 4 1/2 13 12 1.5 2.1 4 5/8 11 16 2.5 54 21 34.0 49.5 26.75 598 1.Carbon Steel (MPa) Maximum Bolt Stress Based on Flange Strength .0 360 299 2.5 4 5/8 11 16 2.5 Flanges & ASME B16.5 40.5 95 48 73.Data For ASME B16.7 20.21 Sheet Gaskets Maximum Fluid Temperature = 250 OC Class 150 Gasket OD (mm) Gasket ID (mm) Raised Face Diameter (mm) Slip-on Flange Bore (mm) Weld Neck Flange Standard Bore (mm) No.Stainless Steel (MPa) 192 240 309 497 598 481 444 593 Nom.5 392 326 2 111 60 92.2 15.1 61.0 2.7 8 3/4 10 20 2.8 4 1/2 13 12 1.9 4 3/4 10 20 2.xls .1 4 8 5/8 5/8 11 11 16 16 2.1 4 1/2 13 12 1.0 503 418 1.9 22.7 20.75 67 27 42.5 124 73 104. Pipe Size (inches) 3 3.8 74.25 83 42 63.6 4 1/2 13 12 1.6 62.8 4 1/2 13 12 1.0 139.9 52.5 130 73 104.9 90.25 76 42 63.Stainless Steel (MPa) Flange Sizes Bolt / Nut Data Bolt Yield Strength Ratios 321143380.0 49.0 318 264 1.7 103.75 287 238 0.5 434 533 361 443 346 Class 300 0.9 22.4 77.9 52.5 26.7 90.7 103.75 720 2 105 60 92.6 62.7 90.75 372 1.6 4 5/8 11 16 2.1 61.2 35.0 534 Nom.8 34.5 137 162 89 102 127.5 43.9 27.5 321 267 1 150 300 2 15 15 3 20 20 4 25 25 5 32 32 6 40 40 7 50 50 8 65 65 9 80 80 10 90 90 150 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 80 90 Gasket OD (mm) Gasket ID (mm) Raised Face Diameter (mm) Slip-on Flange Bore (mm) Weld Neck Flange Standard Bore (mm) No.9 90.4 77.9 4 5/8 11 16 2. Pipe Size (inches) 3 3.1 8 8 3/4 3/4 10 10 20 20 2.2 35.9 4 1/2 13 12 1.0 139.75 231 0.

69 0.00 1.87 0.57 0.00 50 1.00 1.60 0.81 0.73 0.00 1.93 0.66 0.1-4.88 0.80 0.00 1.63 0.76 0.84 0.63 0.58 0.81 0.60 0.96 0.89 0.71 0.00 100 0.00 1.83 0.84 0.96 0.00 1.00 1.79 0.00 1.61 0.77 0.81 0.75 0.6 2 720 720 690 665 205 205 240 3 720 720 690 665 205 205 240 4 720 720 690 665 205 205 240 5 720 720 690 665 205 205 240 6 720 720 690 665 205 205 240 ASTM A193-B7 720 720 720 720 Class 300 1/2 5/8 5/8 ASTM A193-B7 ASTM A193-B16 ASTM A193-B8 CLASS 2 ASTM A193-B8M CLASS 2 ASTM A193-B8 CLASS 1 ASTM A193-B8M CLASS 1 AS 1111.82 0.61 0.82 0.75 0.55 0.59 0.89 0.70 0.00 1.64 20 1.1-4.86 0.82 0.89 200 0.60 5/8 5/8 5/8 7 720 720 690 665 205 205 240 8 720 720 690 665 205 205 240 9 720 720 690 665 205 205 240 10 720 720 690 665 205 205 240 720 720 720 720 720 5/8 3/4 5/8 3/4 3/4 3/4 4 720 720 690 665 205 205 240 5 720 720 690 665 205 205 240 6 720 720 690 665 205 205 240 7 720 720 690 665 205 205 240 8 720 720 690 665 205 205 240 9 720 720 690 665 205 205 240 10 720 720 690 665 205 205 240 720 720 720 720 720 720 720 Bolt Yield Strength at Maximum Operating Temperature Class 150 1 1 Bolt / Nut Combinations 1 2 321143380.79 0.87 0.82 0.58 0.78 0.00 1.00 1.75 0.66 0.00 1.85 0.79 0.00 1.00 1.94 0.77 0.00 1.85 0.86 0.91 150 0.89 0.65 0.00 1.74 0.00 1.6 350 400 0.82 0.xls .94 0.MATERIAL TEMPERATURE (OC) 250 300 0.92 0.80 0.00 1.82 0.60 0.66 0.82 0.00 1.65 0.58 0.62 0.82 0.74 0.85 0.89 0.00 1.1-4.80 0.00 1.68 0.87 0.72 0.00 1.89 0.93 0.00 1.6 2 720 720 690 665 205 205 240 3 720 720 690 665 205 205 240 ASTM A193-B7 720 720 ASTM A193-B7 (d <= 2 1/2") ASTM A193-B7 (d <= 4") ASTM A193-B16 (d <= 2 1/2") ASTM A193-B16 (d <= 4") ASTM A193-B8 (d <= 3/4") ASTM A193-B8 (d <= 1") ASTM A193-B8 (d <= 1 1/4") ASTM A193-B8 (d <= 1 1/2") ASTM A193-B8M (d <= 3/4") ASTM A193-B8M (d <= 1") ASTM A193-B8M (d <= 1 1/4") ASTM A193-B8M (d <= 1 1/2") ASTM A193-B8 CLASS 1 ASTM A193-B8M CLASS 1 AS 1111.00 1.85 0.85 0.00 1.81 0.62 0.00 1.89 0.76 0.68 0.93 0.00 1.93 0.78 0.89 0.92 0.84 0.87 0.82 0.00 1.82 0.70 0.85 1/2 1/2 1/2 1/2 1/2 5/8 ASTM A193-B7 ASTM A193-B16 ASTM A193-B8 CLASS 2 ASTM A193-B8M CLASS 2 ASTM A193-B8 CLASS 1 ASTM A193-B8M CLASS 1 AS 1111.

6 ASTM A194-2H ASTM A194-4 ASTM A194-8 (STRAIN HARDENED) ASTM A194-8M (STRAIN HARDENED) ASTM A194-8 ASTM A194-8M AS 1112.6 ASTM A193-B7 2 Max Temp 300 425 525 450 525 525 200 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 300 1 Gasket Data Minimum & Maximum Recommended Gasket Pressure (MPa) 1 2 3 4 Gasket Material Min 150 30 30 30 4 4 Min 300 40 40 40 4 4 Max 120 100 80 8 6 1 1 1 0 0 30 40 120 1 PTFE COMPRESSED NON-ASBESTOS FIBRE FLEXIBLE GRAPHITE RUBBER 70 SHORE DUROMETER OR ABOVE RUBBER BELOW 70 SHORE DUROMETER PTFE 150 30 Temperature Limits (0C) 1 Gasket Material PTFE COMPRESSED NON-ASBESTOS FIBRE FLEXIBLE GRAPHITE RUBBER 70 SHORE DUROMETER OR ABOVE 2 Min 150 250 150 450 100 321143380.xls .3-5 ASTM A193-B7 ASTM A194-2H Temperature Limits (0C) 1 Bolt Material ASTM A193-B7 ASTM A193-B16 ASTM A193-B8 CLASS 2 ASTM A193-B8M CLASS 2 ASTM A193-B8 CLASS 1 ASTM A193-B8M CLASS 1 AS 1111.ASTM A193-B7 ASTM A193-B16 ASTM A193-B8 CLASS 2 ASTM A193-B8M CLASS 2 ASTM A193-B8 CLASS 1 ASTM A193-B8M CLASS 1 AS 1111.1-4.1-4.

Temp.xls . Stress 248 ASTM A105 321143380.RUBBER BELOW 70 SHORE DUROMETER 100 PTFE 250 Input Data Minimum Bolt Utilisation (% of Yield Strength) 1 Gasket Material 2 3 PTFE COMPRESSED NON-ASBESTOS FIBRE FLEXIBLE GRAPHITE RUBBER 70 SHORE DUROMETER OR ABOVE RUBBER BELOW 70 SHORE DUROMETER 0 0 0 0 0 5 5 5 PTFE 0 5 C 4 5 Minimum Bolt Utilisation (%) 10 15 10 15 10 15 10 6 7 8 20 20 15 25 25 15 30 30 20 15 20 25 30 Temp 20 50 20 Stress 248 248 248 Flange Material Flange Material ASTM A105 ASTM A182-F304 ASTM A182-F304L ASTM A182-F316 ASTM A182-F316L Flange Yield Strengths Operating Temp. 20 Stress 248 Material Max. Factor 1 1.00 Reduct.00 o Ref. Factor 2 1. Limit 20 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 ASTM A105 ASTM A182-F304 ASTM A182-F304L ASTM A182-F316 ASTM A182-F316L 400 550 550 550 550 248 206 172 206 172 248 206 172 206 172 226 170 145 176 144 220 155 132 161 131 214 144 122 149 120 204 135 114 139 112 188 128 108 132 105 181 124 104 127 101 Reduct.

7 8 3/4 10 20 2.0 472 392 12 422 324 381.0 304. NONPLATED.15 NO LUBRICANT .9 170.5 487 24 718 610 692.20 CADMIUM PLATED (LIGHTLY OILED) 0.8 438.2 513.3 8 5/8 11 16 2.22 ZINC PLATED (DRY) 0.25 NONPLATED.9 410.17 NICKEL BASED ANTI-SEIZE 0.0 477 12 410 324 381.16 DEGREASED & LOCTITE 243 0.0 394 327 Nom.11 LOW FRICTION OIL 0.5 446 6 222 168 215.7 154.14 MOLYBOND GA50 0.0 24 1 1/2 8 39 4 365 303 11 100 100 12 125 125 13 150 150 14 200 200 15 250 250 16 300 300 17 350 350 18 400 400 19 450 450 20 500 500 21 600 600 100 125 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 600 321143380.18 AS RECEIVED 0.5 428 356 24 775 610 692.8 359.8 276.30 GALVANISED (DEGREASED) 0.20 COPPER BASED ANTI-SEIZE 0.5 603 8 279 219 269.10 ZINC PLATED 0.0 327.7 143.1 102.7 12 7/8 9 24 3.8 438.2 616.5 387.13 BOWMAN ANTI-SEIZE 0.17 LIGHTLY OILED 0.6 12 7/8 9 24 3.5 594 493 5 197 141 185.18 MOLYKOTE P74 0.2 513.17 CADMIUM PLATED (DEGREASED) 0.0 538 447 10 362 273 323.14 CADMIUM PLATED (LIGHTLY OILED & LOCTITE 243) 0.0 674 14 451 356 412.5 376 312 20 654 508 584.2 116.8 276.5 202.1 102.12 CADMIUM PLATED 0.8 12 7/8 9 24 3.15 MOLYBDENUM DISULPHIDE BASED GREASE 0.9 221.0 453 18 549 457 533.4 16 1 8 27 3.5 387.6 12 1 8 27 3.4 461.14 MOLYKOTE 0.5 283 235 16 540 406 469.25 INORGANIC SILICATE (IOZ) 0.14 SOLID PTFE FILM 0.20 EXPOSED TO ELEMENTS.16 GREASE (HEAVY) 0.2 116.5 720 10 340 273 323.0 24 1 1/4 8 33 3.2 616.5 458 380 8 308 219 269.14 NEVER-SEIZE (PASTE) 0.0 445 16 514 406 469.5 202. AS RECEIVED 0.1 12 3/4 10 20 2.2 254.5 320 266 18 597 457 533.12 TEFLON 7630 0.4 461.xls BOLT CONDITION K 1px1 (MOLY)V 0.6 20 1 1/8 8 30 3.0 591.0 304.29 .0 16 1 1/8 8 30 3.14 HOT DIPPED GALVANISED 0.22 GENERAL MACHINE OIL 0.5 561 20 606 508 584. BLACK FINISH 0.0 24 1 1/4 8 33 3.7 154.14 LOCTITE MOLY PASTE 0.20 GREASE 0.6 16 1 8 27 3.1 489.3 8 3/4 10 20 2.8 16 1 1/8 8 30 3.14 PHOSPHATED (LIGHTLY OILED & LOCTITE 243) 0.0 20 1 1/4 8 33 3.2 336.5 678 563 6 251 168 215.Bolt Torque Coefficients ASTM A193-B7 & B16 STUD BOLTS Nom.8 128.11 PHOSPHATED (DEGREASED) 0.0 327.2 8 3/4 10 20 2.1 489.2 336.10 XYLAN 0.9 410.8 359.4 20 1 1/4 8 33 3.0 20 1 1/8 8 30 3. Pipe Size (inches) 4 175 114 157. Pipe Size (inches) 4 181 114 157.0 591.CLEAN STEEL 0.9 221.20 LIGHTLY OILED & LOCTITE 243 0. BEGINNING TO OXIDISE 0.13 CLEAN.5 479 370 501 598 396 560 370 376 466 405 398 5 216 141 185.7 143.8 128.5 476 395 14 486 356 412.9 170.30 PHOSPHATED (LIGHTLY OILED) 0.1 8 3/4 10 20 2.2 8 3/4 10 20 2.20 AS RECEIVED OR LIGHTLY OILED & LOCTITE 771 0.42 GALVANISED (LIGHTLY OILED) 0.09 WAXED 0.24 PHOSPHATED (DEGREASED & LOCTITE 243) 0.2 254.

00 1.75 0.00 1.80 0.00 1.56 0.53 0.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.71 0.00 ZINC PLATED (LIGHTLY OILED & LOCTITE 243) 0.15 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 ZINC PLATED (LIGHTLY OILED) 0.00 1.77 0.00 1.59 0.59 0.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.68 0.80 0.00 1.00 1.52 0.59 0.BOLT SIZES (in) .67 0.73 0.53 0.76 0.00 1.57 0.49 0.BOLT SIZES (in) 0.53 0.00 1.00 1.00 1.56 0.56 0.00 1.xls <--.00 1.00 1.58 0.72 0.00 1.55 0.56 0.72 0.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.Maximum Bolt Operating Temperature = 425 450 500 525 20 C O ZINC PLATED (DEGREASED) 0.00 1.60 0.18 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 1.00 1.48 0.69 0.54 0.00 1.57 5/8 3/4 3/4 3/4 7/8 7/8 11 720 720 690 665 205 205 240 12 720 720 690 665 205 205 240 13 720 720 690 665 205 205 240 14 720 720 690 665 205 205 240 15 720 720 550 550 205 205 240 16 720 720 550 550 205 205 240 17 720 720 550 550 205 205 240 18 720 720 550 550 205 205 240 19 720 720 450 450 205 205 240 20 720 720 450 450 205 205 240 21 720 720 450 450 205 205 240 720 720 720 720 720 720 720 720 720 720 720 3/4 3/4 3/4 7/8 1 1 1/8 1 1/8 1 1/4 1 1/4 1 1/4 1 1/2 11 720 720 690 665 205 205 240 12 720 720 690 665 205 205 240 13 720 720 690 665 205 205 240 14 720 720 550 550 205 205 240 15 720 720 550 550 205 205 240 16 720 720 450 450 205 205 240 17 720 720 450 450 205 205 240 18 720 720 450 450 205 205 240 19 720 720 450 450 205 205 240 20 720 720 450 450 205 205 240 21 720 720 345 345 205 205 240 720 720 720 720 720 720 720 720 720 720 720 321143380.00 1.76 0.00 1.16 1 1 1 1/8 1 1/8 1 1/4 <--.00 1.14 ZINC PLATED (DEGREASED & LOCTITE 243) 0.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.68 0.53 0.

321143380.xls .

400 450 500 550 600 173 119 101 123 96 0 115 98 121 93 0 111 0 107 92 117 85 0 0 0 0 0 95 119 89 321143380.xls .

14 MOLYKOTE 0.20 EXPOSED TO ELEMENTS.CLEAN STEEL 0.20 COPPER BASED ANTI-SEIZE 0.14 MOLYBOND GA50 0. AS RECEIVED 0.42 GALVANISED (LIGHTLY OILED) 0.24 PHOSPHATED (DEGREASED & LOCTITE 243) 0.13 NEVER-SEIZE (PASTE) 0.18 CADMIUM PLATED (LIGHTLY OILED & LOCTITE 243) 0.17 LIGHTLY OILED 0.15 NO LUBRICANT .12 LOW FRICTION OIL 0.25 INORGANIC SILICATE (IOZ) 0.16 GREASE (HEAVY) 0.14 NICKEL BASED ANTI-SEIZE 0.18 NO LUBRICANT . NONPLATED.24 AS RECEIVED OR LIGHTLY OILED & LOCTITE 771 0.18 MOLYKOTE P74 0.20 GREASE 0.30 AS RECEIVED 0.16 DEGREASED & LOCTITE 243 0. BLACK FINISH 0.12 TEFLON 7630 0.29 321143380.ASTM A193-B8 & B8M CLASS 2 STUD BOLTS BOLT CONDITION ASTM A193-B7 & B16 STUD BOLTS K 1 2 BOLT CONDITION K COPPER BASED ANTI-SEIZE 0.13 LIGHTLY OILED 0.15 MOLYBDENUM DISULPHIDE BASED GREASE 0.xls .14 SOLID PTFE FILM 0.14 LOCTITE MOLY PASTE 0.14 HOT DIPPED GALVANISED 0.17 CADMIUM PLATED (DEGREASED) 0.11 PHOSPHATED (DEGREASED) 0.22 GENERAL MACHINE OIL 0.21 CLEAN.17 NICKEL BASED ANTI-SEIZE 0.17 CADMIUM PLATED (LIGHTLY OILED) 0.CLEAN STAINLESS STEEL 0.14 PHOSPHATED (LIGHTLY OILED & LOCTITE 243) 0.17 MOLYBDENUM DISULPHIDE BASED GREASE 0.10 XYLAN 0.10 ZINC PLATED 0.20 LIGHTLY OILED & LOCTITE 243 0.25 NONPLATED.24 BOWMAN ANTI-SEIZE 0.19 1px1 (MOLY)V 0.30 GALVANISED (DEGREASED) 0.14 NEVER-SEIZE (PASTE) 0.20 MOLYBOND GA50 0.11 LOW FRICTION OIL 0.22 ZINC PLATED (DRY) 0.09 WAXED 0. BEGINNING TO OXIDISE 0.30 PHOSPHATED (LIGHTLY OILED) 0.18 CADMIUM PLATED 0.20 GENERAL MACHINE OIL 0.

15 ZINC PLATED (LIGHTLY OILED) 0.xls .1-4.17 ASTM A193-B7 ASTM A193-B16 ASTM A193-B8 CLASS 2 ASTM A193-B8M CLASS 2 ASTM A193 GRADE B8 CLASS 1 ASTM A193 GRADE B8M CLASS 1 AS 1111.1-4.6 720 720 690 665 205 205 240 720 720 690 665 205 205 240 720 720 690 665 205 205 240 720 720 690 665 205 205 240 720 720 690 665 205 205 240 720 720 690 665 205 205 240 ASTM A193-B7 ASTM A193-B16 ASTM A193-B8 CLASS 2 ASTM A193-B8M CLASS 2 ASTM A193 GRADE B8 CLASS 1 ASTM A193 GRADE B8M CLASS 1 AS 1111.6 720 720 690 665 205 205 240 720 720 690 665 205 205 240 720 720 690 665 205 205 240 720 720 690 665 205 205 240 720 720 690 665 205 205 240 720 720 690 665 205 205 240 321143380.14 ZINC PLATED (DEGREASED & LOCTITE 243) 0.ZINC PLATED (DEGREASED) 0.16 NEVER-SEIZE (PASTE) 0.18 ZINC PLATED (LIGHTLY OILED & LOCTITE 243) 0.

xls .321143380.

321143380.xls .

xls .321143380.

720 720 690 665 205 205 240 720 720 690 665 205 205 240 720 720 690 665 205 205 240 720 720 690 665 205 205 240 720 720 690 665 205 205 240 720 720 690 665 205 205 240 720 720 690 665 205 205 240 720 720 550 550 205 205 240 720 720 550 550 205 205 240 720 720 550 550 205 205 240 720 720 550 550 205 205 240 720 720 450 450 205 205 240 720 720 450 450 205 205 240 720 720 450 450 205 205 240 720 720 690 665 205 205 240 720 720 690 665 205 205 240 720 720 690 665 205 205 240 720 720 690 665 205 205 240 720 720 690 665 205 205 240 720 720 690 665 205 205 240 720 720 550 550 205 205 240 720 720 550 550 205 205 240 720 720 450 450 205 205 240 720 720 450 450 205 205 240 720 720 450 450 205 205 240 720 720 450 450 205 205 240 720 720 450 450 205 205 240 720 720 345 345 205 205 240 321143380.xls .

xls .321143380.

xls .321143380.