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59

Summary
1

MARITIME AFFAIRS OF HERCEGNOVI DURING


REIGN OF VR. 1 AND KOSACA

on occasion of the 600th Anniversary of Hercegnovi Maksdm ZLOKOVIC

The Bosnian king Tv.rtko 1 laid the foundatiiO:Ils of today's Hercegnovi


in the middle of the year 1382 primarily to use as port for export of
greater part of Bosnian trade. Fo.r that purpose he established market
place fo1 he sale of salt at Hercegnovi as well as salt works i the n
SUJtoDina field, whereflom he was supplded with salt for the new founded
town and i.ts strroundings. The aim \vas to beoome independent of Dubrovn1k
and Kotor. The town was still under construction when under the first tower
ships full of salt started to put in. Long lLnes of oaravans kept carrying off
that salt into the inteior of the country, bring.ing back copper, lead, iron ore,
smoked meat, animal skins, etc. The Repulic of Dubrovnik noted protest
a;nd demanded of Tvrtko 1 to close both the market-place and the wharf citig
the oliginal ag.reements made between the Republic of Dubrovnik and the
Serblan and Bosnian rulers. They immediately organized their vessels to hinder arival of the ships with salt at the port of Hercegnovi. The war galley
! Dubrovnik patroled in font of the entrance to the of Boka Kotorska
p1eventing the sblps with sa1t to ent.er the t of Hercegnovi. ln order to
get rid of the p1essure of Durovnik, vtko 1, <1mmediately in 1382, demanded of the Veneans the purchase of two brigantines which he intended to
arm a.nd use against the enemy's operations.
The Venetians pleaded not to have any vessels for sale upon \Vhat
Tvrtko 1 i order to reach his aim he soonest possile, nominated Venetian pa.trician Basei for commander of his future fleet. The Venetian government approyed of this nominaon and the purchase of the demanded brigantines in addit.ion to one gailey armed wLth 1 gun. ln 1834 it approved the
purchase of tvvo more armed vessels. Most part of the year this fleet \vas stationed a.t Hercegnovi.
During the whole reign of Tvtko 1 the oitizens of Hercegnovi and Dracevdca, together with those of Kotor, made on their ships numerous commercial voya.ges exporting various goods fom the port of Hercegnovi.
The Duke Sandalj Hranic, one of the heis of the king Tvrtko 1, continued all those sea and trade activities of his predecessors. Stefan Vukcic
Kosaca, as the l1ei.r of Sandalj, made efforts to enlarge the port and the to,vn
Hercegnovi, organized produotion and trade with salt and in 1449 founded
cloth factory as the secod in Europe, the first being in Dubrovnik.
During his rei<gn Hecegnovi bccame an export port, indu.strial, trade
and maritime centre of Hercegovina.
Herceg Stefan possessed considerae fleet mostly inherited from the
Duke Sandalj Hranic and p!'tly purchased in 1441 d the t\vo followin.g
years Dubrovnik, Venice, Naples and Kotor.
Herceg Stefan used his fleet various encounters with DubroYnik. Therefore, the rector of Kotor complained to the senior wathorit.ies in Venice as
not to l to send mail directly sea but through DubroYni.k on accou.nt
of Herceg Stefan's shi;p.
Unfortunately, our a:rchives do not dispose of complete details concerning Herceg Stefan's fleet.

GODISIJAK
POMDRSKO& MUZEJA U KOTORU

XXIXXXX

R,

1981-1982.

::(:

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11 1ZQP

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XVII

:'I11I.:
II:

SADRZAJ
Strana

CLANCI I RASPRAVE
Ignjatije ZLOKOVIC
Jovan MARTINOVIC

Pomorski muzej Crne Gore - Kotor (1952-1982) The arirtime museum of Montenegrc at Kotor (1952-1982)

13
21

.z . (1952-1982) h Annual of the MoJtenegri,n Maritime museum at Kotor (1952-1982) -

23
30

CjeHmir STANIC

Prilog analizi uikacije Acruvium-a i Agrvium-a contribution of the anaJysis of the ublcation of AcruviwrnandAgruvium- -

31
40

. z .!f,

-- Mair\J1me affairs of Hercegnovi during the re'gn of Tvrto I and Kosaca (On occasion of the 600th Alnniversary
of Hercegnovi) -

41

59

. .

.,

.,~

.,.

XVII The unical source of professional lexics of the seaJmen


of Russia and Dalmatta at tr~e end of the 17th century

61

72

Ignjati1je ZLOKOVIC
Drga

rasprava prof. kap. Pava Radimiri iz geoiogije Boke Kotorske objavljena 1890. godine -The seoond paper of prof. capt. Pavo Radi.Jmili treating
geology of Boka Kotorska -

73
83

Mirko VUKASOVIC

Jedan vazan dokmenat za Bokeljsk mornaric


An important document for the Bokelian marine

85
88

Velimir VUKCEVIC
Jgooceanija jilarnoj 40-godisnjici Ratne mornaricc i
Pomorstva Jgoslavije Jugooceanija in the jubllee 40th anniversary of Navy and mari1Jime affairs of Yugoslavia
-

89
97

Bra:nka, SKAKIC

Spisak signat1a evidentirane grade spomenicima kltre Crne Gore iz arhiva i Veneciji ( deo) - The list of signatures of the material n.oted in the Archives of Vienna and Ven1ioe concerning cultural monuments of Montenegro ( part) -

99

127

. .~th: -

, Cn.~tu

1980.
Armed ships of the Navy of the National Liberat.ion Ar.my
of Yugoslavia - Split 1980

129
132

RADULOVIC

Prof. Milos Lipovac: Astronomska navigacija,


Prof. Milos Lipovac: Astronomical navigation,
Ignjatije

izdanje
edition

133
135

ZLO.OVIC

Pomorstvo Losinja i Cresa Maritime affairs of the islands of Losinj and Cres -

137
139

IN MEMORIAM

Ilija Maslovar

141

143

145

Gracija Bblafer -

OBAVJESTENJA

Izvjestaj radu Pomorskog muzeja Crne Gore


za 1981. godinu- Razmjena pikacija za Godisnjake Pomorskbg
Crne Gore Kotor
-

Kotoru
mzeja
-

147
153
161