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The Motors and generator presentation in order for motors and generators to be understood clearly by Year 12 Students in such a way to easily pass their exams. The work allows for students to make the most of their studies

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You are on page 1of 92

1.

on current-carrying conductors

in magnetic fields

field is given by:

F qvB sin q

F

B

q

v

is force,

is magnetic field strength,

is the charge,

is particle velocity,

being the angle between the direction of v

and the direction of the magnetic field

magnetic field is given by:

F BIl sin q

F

B

I

l

is force,

is magnetic field strength,

is current,

is length of the wire within the field,

being the angle between the wire and the

direction of the magnetic field

magnitude of the force on the wire,

determining the direction is not obvious, so

we have an aid in the right hand rule.

F BIl sin q

You can visit these sites to learn more and practice with the right

hand rules:

http://www.phy.syr.edu/courses/video/RightHandRule/index2.html

http://www.phys.ufl.edu/~phy3054/magnet/mforce/rhr/Welcome.h

tml

Example

2.5 A lies at an angle of 30 to a magnetic field

of 0.6 T. Calculate the force on the wire due to

+

the field.

I

L= 0.15 m

I = 2.5 A

B = 0.6 T

q = 30

F BIl sin q

30

0.1125 N out of the page

the Earths magnetic field that has a strength of

1.5 x 10-5 T in the northsouth direction (Hint: The

North Pole is a south pole and the South Pole is

a north pole). If the current carried by the

powerline is 150 A flowing from the NE calculate

the magnitude and direction of the force exerted

on the powerline due to the interaction of the

current carrying wire and the magnetic field.

Directed down

other:

I1 I 2

F kl

d

is force,

F

k

is the magnetic constant 2 x 10-7 T m A-1.

I1, I2 are the currents in the wires,

l

is length of the wires overlap,

Example Problem 1

Find the magnitude and direction of the

magnetic force between two long parallel

conducting wires of length 2 m that are 0.1

m apart if both carry a current of 5 A when:

a)

b)

directions

repulsive

attractive

attractive

force:

Fd

F is the applied force

d is the perpendicular distance from the point

of application of the force to the axis of

rotation

nBIA cos q

n is the number of turns in the coil

B is the magnetic field strength

I is the current flowing through the coil

A is the area of the loop

q is the angle between the magnetic field and the plane of

the coil.

Fd sin q

1.5

0.5

Arbitary units 0

0

50

100

150

200

250

-0.5

-1

-1.5

force

torque

300

350

400

F BIl sin q

and direction of B field

nBIA cos q

of plane of coil and

direction of B field

they lie in different planes!

and then label the following parts:

Brushes

Commutator

Coil or rotor loop

2.

conductor and magnetic field is

used to generate an electrical

voltage

one object with magnetic or electrical

properties can produce the same properties

in another object without making physical

contact.

of an emf and electric current through the

use of a magnetic field.

primary coil, the galvanometer moved.

coil a magnetic field is induced around that

coil. The second coil, which lies within this

magnetic field has electrons free to move

which feel the force of the motor effect. They

start to move, creating an electrical current.

When there is current flowing in the second

coil the galvanometer will move.

Latin word fluo meaning flow.

Flux is a state of flowing or

movement.

rate of flow of a fluid, radiation or

particles.

field passing through a given area. In the SI

system, B is measured in weber (Wb).

Symbol: B

known as the magnetic flux density. In the SI

system, B is measured in tesla (T) or weber

per square metre (Wb m2).

function of the time rate of change of the

applied magnetic field

to the rate at which the magnetic flux through

the circuit is changing with time.

as:

current that creates a magnetic field

that opposes the original change in flux

through the circuit.

3.

provide large scale power

production

quantity.

Recall that

proportional to 2 .

voltage in the wire set at 110,000 Volts.

4.

voltage to be either increased

or decreased before it is used

multi-turn coils wound onto a common core.

V

V

p

s

p

s

I

I

s

p

p

s

5.

and the home usually to

convert electrical energy into

more useful forms of energy

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