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You are on page 1of 13

Lesson 10.4

A

B

T

intersects a circle at exactly

two points. (Every secant

contains a chord of the circle.)

exactly one point. This point is called the

point of tangency or point of contact.

Tangent lines.

T

T

the radius drawn to the point of contact.

Postulate: If a line is perpendicular to a

radius at its outer endpoint, then it is tangent

to the circle.

A tangent segment is a point of a tangent line

between the point of contact and a point outside the

circle.

B

Tangent segment

T

joins a point outside the circle to the farther

intersection point of the secant and the circle.

A

AR is the secant segment.

of a secant line that joins the outside point to the

nearer intersection point.

A

drawn to a circle from an external point, then

those segments are congruent. (Two-Tangent

Theorem)

B

Tangent Circles

Tangent circles are circles that intersect each other at

exactly one point.

circles lies outside the other.

Two circles are internally tangent if one of the tangent

circles lies inside the other.

The point of contact lies on the line of centers. PQ

Common Tangents:

Y

XY is a common internal tangent.

AB is a common external tangent.

Definition:

necessarily at the same point.)

Such a tangent is a common internal tangent if it lies

between the circles(intersects the segment joining the

centers) or a

common external tangent if it is not between the circles

(does not intersect the segment joining the centers.)

segment as a common tangent if it lies

on a common tangent and its endpoints

are the tangents points of contact.

In the diagram for example, XY can be

called a common internal tangent and

AB can be called a common external

tangent.

Y

P

A

X

B

2. Draw the radii to the points of contact.

3. Through the center of the smaller circle, draw

a line parallel to the common tangent.

4. Observe that this line will intersect the radius

of the larger circle (extended if necessary) to

form a rectangle and a right triangle.

5. Use the Pythagorean Theorem and properties

of a rectangle.

Problem #1

A circle with a radius of 8 cm is

externally tangent to a circle with a

radius of 18 cm. Find the length of a

common external tangent.

R

18

2. Draw the radii to the points of contact.

3. Through the center of the smaller circle, draw a line parallel to

the common tangent.

4. Use the Pythagorean Theorem and properties of a rectangle to

solve.

5. In RPQ, (QR)2 + (RP)2 = (PQ)2

1. 102 + (RP)2 = 262

2. RP = 24

6. AB = 24 cm

B

x

15 - x

10 - x

A

10 - x

Let BE = x and walk around the figure

using the given information and the TwoTangent Theorem.

CD = 15 x + 18 (10 x)

= 15 x + 18 10 + x

= 23

15 - x C

18 (10 x)

Problem #2

Given: Each side of

quadrilateral ABCD is a

tangent to the circle.

AB = 10, BC = 15, AD = 18.

Find CD.

18 (10 x)

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