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3.2 Programming the Work - Road to Success - IPLOCA WIKI Collaboration Platform

3.2ProgrammingtheWork
CreatedbyGuyHenley,lastmodifiedbyMustafaAbusalahonNov20,2014

Thedetailedprojectexecutionplanestablishedfortheconstructionphase(seeAppendix3.2.1fordetailed
recommendations)oftheworksdefinedinthebaselinewillresultinafullyresourcedprogrammeofworks
(manpower,plant,material,facilities)asdefinedbelow.
AdetailedMarchchartforallthelinearactivitiescombinedwithstandardcriticalpathmethod(CPM)programmes
forfixedinstallations(suchaspump/compressorstationsorvalvestations)shouldconstitutethisresourced
programme.
TheMarchchartshouldincorporateallthedetailsoftheterrain(roads,railways,waterways,electricalpowerlines,
undergroundutilities),expectedgroundconditions,anticipatedweatherinrelationtotheseasonsandgeography
(mountains,lowlands,aridzones,deserts,swampareas),environmentalconstraints,localcommunityconstraints
andpoliticalconstraintsasdefinedinthebaseline.
Itistherecommendedtooltoassesscorrectlythecomplexitiesofapipelineproject,toevaluatethecriticalitiesof
theprogrammeofworks,tofollowupprogressandpromptlyassesstheimpactsofdisruptions,changed
conditionsandstoppagesascomparedwiththebaseline(seeAppendix3.2.2APrimertoMarchCharts).
Atypicalsampleispresentedoverleaf:

ExtractfromtheMarchchartabove:

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5/9/2016

3.2 Programming the Work - Road to Success - IPLOCA WIKI Collaboration Platform

Inordertoarriveatanacceptableconstructionprogramme,thefollowingshouldbeestablishedindetail:
Theminimummobilisationtimenecessaryforthecontractorandtheclient(theengineeringteamwhere
applicable)toassembletheirteams,whowillhavetofamiliarisethemselveswiththeprojectasafirststep,
thenplanindetailandmobiliseresources.Consideringthepressuretogettheprojectinoperationasearly
aspossiblethispreparationtimecanoftenbereducedtonearlynothing:thisiscertainlydetrimentalto
achievingaproperkickofftotheproject.Indeedtheteamswhotenderedacontractonthecontractors
sideandtheteamswhopreparedandevaluatedthosetendersontheclientssidearenotalwaystheteams
whowillexecutetheproject.Thereforeaminimumpreparationperiodvaryingfromafewweekstoafew
months,dependingonthesizeandcomplexityoftheproject,inadditiontotheproposedconstruction
programme,wouldcertainlyleadtoasmootherdevelopmentoftheoperations(unlessthatpreparation
periodhasbeenincludedinthetenderingprocessasastepinthefinalisationofthecontractwiththe
preferredtenderer)
TheaverageratesofprogressforthedifferentactivitiesI,II,III,whicharedependentontheterrain,the
groundconditions,theweatherattheconsideredperiodoftheyear,theenvironmentalconstraints,thelocal
constraintsandobviouslytheresourcesallocated
Theminimumtimelagbetweentwoactivities,A0(betweenactivityIandII),B0,C0,shownintheMarch
chartextractabove,shouldalsobeclearlyestablishedtakingintoconsideration:
Thecontractorsownconstraints(learningcurves,changingtheteamsoflocallabourwhencrossing
differentregions,maintenanceofequipment,breakdowns)
Theexpectedweatherconditionsatagivenperiodoftheyearwhichmayaffectprogressofoneactivity
morethanoneofthefollowingactivities(e.g.rainatPK100,goodweatheratPK80)
Theclientsconstraints:theclientmaydemandthatallowancesforminorstoppagesshouldbe
incorporated(andpriced)inthebaseprogramme(e.g.2dayspermonthtocaterfordesignconsiderations,
localdisturbances,shortageofsomesuppliesetc.)orthatthereshouldbealimittothedistanceofthe
variousphasesoftheworks
Withsuchatoolthemostcriticalsequencesofworkswillalwaysbehighlightedandtheeffectsofchangesor
disruptionstotheprojectontheprogrammeofworkscanbepromptlyassessed.
Anyareaswherethecontractorconsiderstheinformationisincompleteoralternative
routeing/construction/mitigationmeasuresshouldbeconsideredshouldbeclearlyidentifiedearlyinthe
constructionprogrammetoallowforconsultationwiththeclient,theiradvisors,locallandownersandstakeholders.

Continuewith3.3ContractPriceInformationtoFacilitateEvaluationofChanges
Backto3.1DefiningtheScopeofWork
Backto3.TheBaselineofaConstructionContract

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