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JABATAN PELAJARAN TERENGGANU

SET 6

SCIENCE
MARKING SCHEME

Marking scheme / 1511/ SET 6

2
PAPER 1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

D
B
C
A
B
D
D
B
B
D

11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20

C
A
C
D
A
B
A
B
D
A

21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30

A
C
D
B
C
C
C
A
C
D

31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40

C
C
B
D
C
C
D
B
D
A

41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50

A
B
D
C
B
D
A
C
B
A

Total mark for Paper 1 : 50 marks


PAPER 2
SECTION A
1

(a)
(b)

(c)

(i)

(The thermometer reading) increase


(Bacaan termometer meningkat)
(ii) -2oC
(i)
Presence of impurities/common salt
(Kehadiran bendasing / garam biasa)
(ii) The thermometer reading / freezing point
(Bacaan termometer / takat beku)
The presence of impurities/common salt decrease the freezing point
of distilled water
(Kehadiran bendasing/garam biasa menurunkan takat beku air suling)
Total

1m
1m
1m
1m
1m
5m

(a)

2
with at least one arrow crossing exactly at the pin hole
( 2 garis sinar dengan sekurang-kurangnya 1 anak panah yang betul dan
Bersilang tepat pada lubang jarum)

(b)
(c)
(d)

correct rays
1m

Correct image formed (inverted and smaller than object)


(Imej yang tepat terbentuk (songsang dan lebih kecil daripada objek)

1m

0.9 1.4 cm // The answer refer to the measurement from the question book
(Jawapan mengikut ukuran dari buku soalan)
Smaller than object // Inverted // Real
(Lebih kecil daripada objek// Songsang// Nyata)
Bigger than object (Lebih besar daripada objek)

1m
1m
1m

Marking scheme / 1511/ SET 6

Total
3

(a)

5m

Number of bacterial colonies


(Bilangan koloni bakteria)
12

x
x

10
8

6
4

10

30
40
50
20
- All points are transferred correctly
(Semua titik betul dipindahkan)

Temperature (oC)
(Suhu oC)

60

1m

- Smooth graph
(Graf licin)

1m

(b)
(c)

5
1m
The higher/lower the temperature, the higher/lower the number of bacterial colonies 1 m
(Semakin tinggi/rendah suhu semakin tinggi/rendah bilangan koloni bakteria)

(d)

The highest temperature kill/destroy the bacteria // Bacteria is not active at the lowest
temperature.
(Suhu yang paling tinggi membunuh/memusnahkan bakteria // bakteria tidak aktif pada
suhu yang paling rendah.)
1m
Total
5m

(a)

(i)
(ii)

(b)

The object immersed in water experience upthrust.


(Objek yang terendam dalam air mengalami tujah ke atas)
By using the same mass/type/volume of object.
(Dengan menggunakan jisim/jenis/ isispadi objek yang sama)

(c)
(d)

4.5N
4.0N

1m
1m
1m
1m

Upthrust is shown by weight loss of an object when it immersed in water.


(Tujah ke atas ditunjukkan oleh kehilangan berat objek apabila ia terendam dalam air)

1m
Total

5m

Marking scheme / 1511/ SET 6

Total marks for Section A 20 marks

SECTION B
5

(a)

(i)
(ii)

Sensory neurone (Neurone deria)


Conducts impulses from the receptors to the central nervous system.
(Membawa impuls daripada reseptor ke sistem saraf pusat)

1m
1m

(b)
Sensory neurone
Short axon (akson pendek)
Cell body is located in the middle of
neurone
(Badan sel terletak di tengah neuron)
Carries impulses from receptor to the
central nervous system
(Membawa impuls dari reseptor ke
sistem saraf pusat)

Motor neurone
Long axon (akson panjang)
Cell body is located at the end of neurone
(Badan sel terletak di hujung neuron)
Carries impulses from central nervous
system to the effector
(Membawa impuls dari sistem saraf pusat
ke efektor)
(any one)

(c)
(d)
(e)

Nerone in Diagram 5.2/motor neurone


(Neuron dalam Rajah 5.2/neuron motor)
Effector cannot response to stimulus//paralyse
(Efektor tidak bergerakbalas terhadap rangsangan//lumpuh)
Myelin sheath (Salut mielin)

1m
1m
Total

(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
(e)

Discontinuous variation
(Variasi tak selanjar)
Type of earlobe// ability to roll tongue//blood group
(Jenis cuping telinga//kebolehan menggulung lidah//kumpulan darah)
Accept any suitable answer
Genetic factor (Faktor genetik)
Hh

Hh

Hh

(a)

6m
1m
1m
1m
2m

Hh

Curly hair (Rambut kerinting)

1m
Total

1m

(i) Zinc plate (Kepingan zink)


(ii) Zinc is more reactive than copper (in the reactivity series of metal)
(Zink lebih reaktif daripada kuprum dalam siri kereaktifan logam)
(b) Dilute hydrochloric acid (Asid hidroklorik cair)
(c) (Any arrow shows the correct direction of electron flows in from zinc to copper
in the diagram.
(d) Zinc plate becomes thinner (Kepingan zink semakin menipis)
(e) Chemical energy
Electrical energy

6m
1m
1m
1m
1m
1m
1m

Marking scheme / 1511/ SET 6

Total

(a)
(b)

1. Date of expiry/date of packing (Tarikh luput/guna sebelum)


2. Nett Weight (Berat bersih/berat)
(i)
Monosodium glutamate/boric acid
(ii)
Chemical
Effects
Monosodium glutamate
- Mental retardation
- cancer
Boric acid
-Asthma
- Disrupts digestive system
- Deformed foetus
- Swelling of lips, tongue, hands, eyelids
- skin rashes and itchiness
(any one)

(c)
(d)

Dehydration (Pendehidratan)
Ensure food safety/quality standards/to prevent food poisoning/
to prevent from being cheated
(Memastikan makanan selamat dimakan/mematuhi piawaian kualiti/
mengelakkan keracunan makanan/mengelakkan daripada ditipu)
Total

6m

(a)

Oscilator (Pengayun)

(b)

Electrical energy
(Tenaga elektrik)

Sound energy
(Tenaga bunyi)

(c)

1m
1m
1m

1m
1m

1m
6m

1m
1m
1m

or
(d)

(e)

(i)
(ii)

Transistor
To strengthen modulated audio signals
(Untuk memperkuatkan isyarat audio yang termodulasi)

Reflective // can travel long distances // able to move through vacuum


// travel at the speed of light // not easily affected by obstacles
(dapat dipantulkan // boleh bergerak jauh // boleh bergerak melalui vakum
//bergerak dengan halaju cahaya // tidak mudah dihalang oleh halangan
Total

1m
1m

1m
6m
Total 6 m

Marking scheme / 1511/ SET 6

Total marks for Section B

30 marks

SECTION C
10

(a)

Hypothesis :
(Addition of) acid can coagulate the latex/Alkali prevent the latex from coagulating
(Penambahan) asid boleh menggumpalkan lateks /Alkali mencegah lateks daripada
menggumpal )

(b)

(i)

1m
Aim of the experiment :
To study the effect of acid and alkali on latex.

1m
(Untuk mengkaji kesan asid dan alkali ke atas lateks )
a.

b.
c.

(ii)
Identification of variables
Constant variable : The volume of latex/acid/alkali//The concentration of
acid/alkali
(Pemboleh ubah dimalarkan : (Isipadu lateks/asid/alkali // Kepekatan
asid/alkali)
Manipulated variable : Type of chemical added// Acid and alkali
(Pembolehubah dimanipulasikan : Jenis bahan kimia yang dimasukkan// asid
dan alkali)
Responding variable : The condition of latex //The coagulation of latex
(Pembolehubah bergerakbalas : Keadaan lateks// Penggumpalan lateks)

(any two)

2m

(iii ) List of apparatus and materials :


Beaker (Bikar) / any suitable container , Glass rod (rod kaca),
Measuring cylinder(Selinder penyukat),Latex(lateks)
Ethanoic acid (Asid etanoik), Ammonium solution (Laruran ammonia)
1m
( iv) Procedure (Kaedah / prosedur)
i.
Pour 20 cm3 latex into beakers labelled A and B. //Diagram
(Masukkan 20 cm3 latex ke dalam bikar berlabel A dan B // Rajah)
ii.
Add a few drops of ethanoic acid into beaker A // Diagram
(Tambah beberapa titik asid etanoik ke dalam bikar A // rajah )
iii. Stir the solution for a few minutes.
(Kacau larutan tersebut untuk beberapa minit)
iv
Observe and record the condition of latex
(Perhatikan dan rekod keadaan lateks )
v.
Repeat stage (ii) to (iv) using ammonium solution// Diagram
(Ulang langkah (ii) hingga (iv) menggunakan larutan ammonia // rajah

Marking scheme / 1511/ SET 6

(Any four)
(v) Tabulation of data
Type of chemical added

4m
The condition of latex/The
coagulation of latex

Latex + Ethanoic acid


Latex + Ammonium solution
1m

Total
11

(a)
1

Two difference between distillation and crystallisation :


Distillation (Penyulingan)
Crystallisation (Penghabluran)
Distillation is a process to obtain a pure
Crystallisation is the process of forming
liquid from a solution of liquid mixture
crystals from a liquid or gas
(Penyulingan ialah proses menghasilkan
(Penghabluran ialah proses pembentukan
cecair tulen daripada larutan bercampur)
hablur daripada cecair atau gas)
Involve Chemical changes/
Involve physical changes/ does not
new substance is produced
produced new substance
(Melibatkan perubahan kimia/bahan baru
(Melibatkan perubahan fizik/Tidak
terhasil)
menghasilkan bahan baru)
Pure liquid is produced
Pure crystal is produced
(Cecair tulen terhasil)
(Hablur tulen terhasil)
Any two suitable answers

10 m

2m

The example of distillation process is to obtain distilled water from salt solution
(Contoh proses penyulingan ialah mendapatkan air suling daripada larutan garam)

1m
The example of crystallisation process is to obtain purified salt crystals from its saturated
solution.
(Contoh proses penghabluran ialah untuk mendapatkan hablur garam tulen daripada larutan
tepunya)
1m
(b) Problem statement : The ethanol which is produced from fermantion process is not pure.
(Pernyataan masalah : Etanol yang dihasilkan dari proses penapaian adalah tidak tulen)
1m
Name of the method used : Distillation Process
(Nama kaedah yang digunakan ; Proses penyulingan)

1m
Steps of the method used (Langkah- langkah yang digunakan):
1. Liquid product obtained from fermentation is heated(in distilltion flasks).
(Hasil proses penapaian dipanaskan ( dalam kelalang penyulingan))
2. The required solution boils and turns into vapour
(Larutan yang kehendaki mendidih dan bertukar kepada wap)
3. The thermometer measures the temperature of the vapour (at 78 oC)
(Termometer menunjukkan bacaan wap(at 78 oC))
4. The vapour is then cooled in the condenser

Marking scheme / 1511/ SET 6

(Wap kemudiannya disejukkan dalam kondenser)


5. When the vapour cools down, it condences into pure ethanol
(Bila wap disejukkan, ia terkondensasi kepada cecair etanol tulen)
Any 4 correct answer
Total

12

(a)

Two types of plastics: Thermoplastics and thermosets


(Dua jenis plastik: Termoplastik dan plastik termoset)
Differences :
Thermoplastics
Thermosets
1.Can be moulded repeatedly(boleh diacu
Can be moulded only once. (Boleh
berulangkali)
diacu sekali sahaja)
2. Soft (lembut)

Hard (keras)

3. Melt when heated but harden again when


cooled (Lebur bila dipanaskan dan keras
semula apabila disejukkan)

Do not melt when heated


(Tidak lebur bila dipanaskan)

4. Not resistant to heat (Tidak tahan haba)

Heat resistant (Tahan haba)

5. Do not have cross-links between


molecules.
(Tidak mempunyai rangkai silang antara
molekul)

Molecules are cross-linked


(Molekul mempunyai rangkai silang)

(any two)
(b) *Identify the problem: Pollution resulting from plastics disposal
(Pencemaran akibat pembuangan plastik )
*Clarification of the problem:
Plastics are non-biodegradable/will remain in the environment for a long
period of time (Plastik tidak boleh diurai/ akan berada di persekitaran
dalam jangka masa yang panjang)
1m
*Three alternatives to solve the problem
1. Recycle can reduce the plastic disposal (Kitar semula boleh mengurangkan
pembuangan plastik).
2. Burn in incinerators resulting ash requires much less space for solid
disposal (Bakar dalam insinerator menghasilkan abu menjimatkan
ruang bagi pembuangan sampah pepejal)

4m
10 m

2m

2m
1m

Marking scheme / 1511/ SET 6

3. use biodegradable plastic which can be decomposed by bacteria (Gunakan plastik


yang boleh diurai oleh bakteria)
3m
*The best alternative and the reason:
Recycle the plastic can reduce the environmental pollution and also help cut
cost (Kitar semula plastik boleh mengurangkan masaalah pencemaran
Alam sekitar di samping mengurangkan kos)
1m
Total
Total marks for Section C
Jumlah keseluruhan
END OF MARKING SCHEME

10 m
20 marks
120 markah
Jadikan 100%