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Child labour in Nigeria / reviewed

UNHCR - UN High Commissioner for Refugees: North East Nigeria: Protection Monitoring
Report; December 2015, December 2015 (available at ecoi.net)
http://www.ecoi.net/file_upload/4765_1455267477_north-east-nigeria-protection-monitoringreport-2015.pdf (accessed 15 April 2016)

12.2015 - UN High Commissioner for Refugees


Recommended citation

UNHCR - UN High Commissioner for Refugees: North East Nigeria: Protection


Monitoring Report; December 2015, December 2015 (available at ecoi.net)
http://www.ecoi.net/file_upload/4765_1455267477_north-east-nigeria-protectionmonitoring-report-2015.pdf (accessed 15 April 2016)

Nigeria
Maps on protection, vulnerable children, vulnerable women and girls, vulnerable
elderly, serious medical conditions and disabilities as well as other protection risks and
needs [ID 319062]

households with adolescents parents and 539 households reporting forced child labour.
The proportion of households with vulnerable children comprised 34% HH in Borno,
28% HH in Yobe, 20% HH in Adamawa, 8% HH in Taraba, 5% HH in Bauchi, and 5%
HH in Gombe. 12,338 households reported at risk/survivors of Sexual and GenderBased Violence (SGBV), breaking down to 12,181 at risk households and 2,226
Open Document

Map: North East Nigeria: Protection Monitoring


Report; December 2015

08.10.2015 - UN Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women Author: Government of Nigeria
Nigeria
State report on implementation of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of
Discrimination against Women [ID 313999]
External trafficking for labour exploitation 37 9.1 25 6.3 +2.8 Nigerians deported as
illegal migrants 5 1.2 1 0.3 +0.9 Child Labour 54 13.3 54 13.5 -0.2 Child Abuse 78 19.2
64 16.0 +3.2 Child abduction from guardianship 38 9.3 29 7.3 +2.0 Forced marriage 3
0.7 0 0.0 +0.7 Rape/sexual Abuse 14 3.4 24 6.0 -2.6 Others 47 11.5 68 17.0 -5.5 TOTAL
407 100.0 ... External trafficking for labour exploitation 96 10.0 53 7.1 +43.0 Nigerians
deported as illegal migrants 21 2.2 14 1.9 +7.0 Child Labour 212 22.0 205 27.4 +7.0
CEDAW/C/NGA/7-8 29 Cases Reported 2013 2012 Variance No % No % % Child
Abuse 37 3.8 60 8.0 -23.0 Child abduction from guardianship 8 0.8 4 0.5 +4.0 Forced
marriage 3 0.3 0 0.0 +3.0 Rape/sexual Abuse 4 0.4 16 2.1 -12.0 Others 314 32.6 77 10.3
+237.0 TOTAL 964 100.0 400 100.0 Source: NAPTIP 2013 Data Analyses Report 6.7
As shown in Table 6.2 above, the number of rescued victims of external trafficking for
sexual exploitation reduced in 2013 when compared with 2012 by 10.9%. Number of
victims rescued for Child labour also dropped by 5.4% in the year. As shown
Advance unedited version

Periodical report: Consideration of reports submitted


by States parties under article 18 of the Convention;
Combined seventh and eighth periodic report of States
parties due in 2014; Nigeria [7 October 2015]
[CEDAW/C/NGA/7-8]

10.2015 - European Asylum Support Office


Nigeria
Report on sex trafficking (human trafficking for the purpose of prostitution; role of
"madams"; "juju"; travel to Europe; return) [ID 313850]
la ricerca in materia di criminalit e giustizia (United Nations Interregional Crime and
Justice Research Institute) UNODC Ufficio delle Nazioni Unite contro la droga e il
crimine (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime) USD Dollaro USA Vice-maman
Assistente (donna) della madam WACOL Women Aid Collective WOCON Womens
Consortium of Nigeria Wotclef Women Trafficking and Child Labour ... counselling e
altre forme di terapia ed educazione per un riorientamento volto a consentire loro di
condurre una vita migliore e con uno scopo nella societ (352). Women Trafficking
& Child Labour Eradication Foundation (Wotclef), Benin City La Wotclef nata nel
1999 e si fatta patrocinatrice dellemanazione della legge contro la tratta [Trafficking
in Persons (Prohibition) Law ... Collective WOCON Womens Consortium of Nigeria

WOTCLEF Women Trafficking and Child Labour Eradication FoundationEASOBericht ber Herkuntslnder-Informaionen Nigeria: Sexhandel mit Frauen 9
Einleitung Zweck des Berichts Nicht bei allen Migrationsbewegungen nigerianischer
Prostituierter nach Europa ist Menschenhandel im Spiel. Im Mittelpunkt des
vorliegenden Berichts stehen jedoch die
Open Document
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Open Document

Special or analytical report: Nigeria; Sex trafficking of


women

30.09.2015 - US Department of Labor


Nigeria
Annual report on child labor (covering 2014) [ID 320822]
]; http://www. westafricainsight.org/issues/view/42. 14. ILO. Report on the Rapid
Assessment ofChild Labour Situation in Artisinal Mines and Quarries in Ogun and Oyo
States of Nigeria. Abuja; 2013. 15. U.S. Embassy- Abuja. reporting, January 13, 2013.
16. Macro International Inc. Children Working in Riverine Communities in NigeriaTask 3: Research & Data Collection International Child Labor ... ::NO:::. 52. ILO
Committee of Experts. Individual Direct Request concerning Worst Forms
of Child Labour Convention, 1999 (No. 182) Nigeria (ratiication: 2002) Submitted:
2010; accessed May 15, 2012; http://www.ilo.org/dyn/normlex/ en/f?
p=1000:13100:0::NO:::. 53. he Law Library of Congress. Botswana, Malawi, Nigeria,
and South Africa: Child Labor Laws. Washington, DC; May 2010. Report No. 2010 ...
of Child Labor in West Africa and Strengthening Sub-Regional Cooperation through
ECOWASII. Technical Progress Report. Geneva; October 2012. 66. ILO-IPEC oicial.
E-mail communication to USDOL oicial. June 16, 2014. 67. U.S. Embassy Abuja oicial.
E-mail communication to USDOL oicial. May 19, 2014. 68. Government of Nigeria.
National Policy on Child Labour. Abuja; April 2013. 69
Open Document

Periodical report: 2014 Findings on the Worst Forms of


Child Labor - Part V: Country Profiles - Nigeria

29.07.2015 - UN High Commissioner for Refugees - Author: Bronwen Manby


Burkina Faso, Cte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, GuineaBissau, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo
Report on nationality, migration and statelessness in West Africa (nationality laws; civil
registration; proof of nationality; naturalisation procedures; populations at risk of
statelessness; etc.) [ID 308921]

Childrns Work Project Working Paper Series, 2007; US Department of Labour, 2012
Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor; National Framework for the Development
and Integration of Almajiri Education into UBE Scheme, Nigerian Universal Basic
Education Commission, 2010. 265 Interviews, Dakar and Ziguinchor, May 2014. 266
See, for example, the information at the website of Anti
Open Document

Special or analytical report: Nationality, Migration and


Statelessness in West Africa

15.07.2015 - UN High Commissioner for Refugees


Afghanistan, Angola, Armenia, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central
African Republic, Chad, Congo, Democratic Republic, Costa Rica, Eritrea, Ethiopia,
Georgia, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Liberia, Malaysia, Mexico,
Nepal, Nigeria, Pakistan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Zimbabwe
Report on accountability (women; persons with disabilities; older persons; LGBTI
persons; youth; children) [ID 307646]
. In some instances it was reported to have led to child marriage and child labour. While
lack of livelihoods is a challenge, complexities also arise where economic opportunities
are provided as this may increase womens risk of violence in the workplace, especially
where they lack legal status, as well as in the home due to resentment felt by spouses.
Given these realities ... settings from access to education include the language of
instruction, tuition fees, lack of adequate infrastructure or teachers, being over-aged and
cultural barriers that oten prevent the enrolment of girls and boys, due to child marriage
and the expectation of child labour. In response to these barriers operations responded in
a diverse manner with programming including the provision
Open Document

Special or analytical report: Age, Gender and


Diversity; Accountability Report 2014

02.07.2015 - Minority Rights Group International


Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Democratic Republic, Cte
d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Kenya, Mauritania, Namibia, Nigeria, Somalia, South Africa, South
Sudan, Uganda, Zimbabwe
Annual report on current situation of minorities [ID 310212]
work, where they are frequently subjected to gender-based violence or denied payment.
In these harsh conditions one of the coping strategies employed by minority households
is child labour, with the youngest family members sent out at an early age to earn

money as herders, shoe shiners or street vendors. With limited employment


opportunities, many families living in informal settlements
Open Document

Periodical report: State of the World's Minorities and


Indigenous Peoples 2015

07.2015 - British & Irish Agencies Afghanistan Group - Author: Bond for International
Development
Afghanistan, Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, Congo, Democratic Republic,
Iraq, Mali, Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Yemen
Report on humanitarian and security-related emergencies [ID 311385]
, and they are limited in their ability to work or obtain education, a situation that is
compounded if they are displaced.18 Almost two in ive women cannot ind enough
work, and families of female-headed households are worse off than those with men.19
Children from displaced families are often forced into child labour to support their
families, preventing them from attending school and putting them at risk
Open Document

Special or analytical report: State of the Worlds


Emergencies: A briefing for new UK parliamentarians

25.06.2015 - US Department of State


Nigeria
Annual report on human rights in 2014 [ID 306263]
of children under the age of 14 and acted as an ombudsman to advocate for 14- to 16year-old workers. Also see the Department of Labors Findings on the Worst Forms
of Child Labor at www.dol.gov/ilab/reports/child-labor/findings/ . d. Discrimination
with Respect to Employment or Occupation The law does not prohibit discrimination in
employment and occupation based on race, sex, gender, disability ... corruption;
violence against women; child abuse; female genital mutilation/cutting; infanticide;
sexual exploitation of children; trafficking in persons; discrimination based on sexual
orientation and gender identity, ethnicity, regional origin, religion, and disability; forced
and bonded labor; and child labor. Impunity remained widespread at all levels of
government. The government brought few ... their will and raped; their newborns were
sold on the black market for several thousand dollars, with boys fetching higher prices.
The children were sold for various purposes, including adoption, child labor,
prostitution, or sacrificial rituals. Mothers received approximately 31,850 naira ($175).
On July 13, police rescued 19 pregnant teenage girls and three small children from the
Nma Charity and Motherless

Open Document

Periodical report: Country Report on Human Rights


Practices 2014 - Nigeria

22.06.2015 - Council of the European Union


Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Azerbaijan,
Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belarus, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso,
Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China,
Colombia, Congo, Congo, Democratic Republic, Costa Rica, Cuba, Cte d'Ivoire,
Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea,
Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Haiti, Honduras,
Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya,
Korea, Republic, Kosovo, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People's Democratic Republic,
Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Macedonia, former Yugoslav
Republic, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania, Mexico,
Moldova, Republic, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar,
Namibia, Nepal, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Occupied
Palestinian Territory, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar,
Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Singapore,
Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland,
Switzerland, Syrian Arab Republic, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, United Republic,
Thailand, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United
Arab Emirates, United States of America, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vietnam,
Western Sahara, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Annual report on human rights and democracy in selected countries in 2014 [ID
306758]
and UNICEF, which aims to prevent the recruitment and ultimately end the use of
children by government armed forces in conflict by 2016. In line with ILO Convention
182 on the worst forms of child labour, the EU advocated the establishment of
hazardous work lists in 33 countries to protect children from dangerous work in subSaharan Africa and Europe/Central Asia. During human rights dialogues with certain
countries there was a particular focus on child labour. The protection of the rights of
women and the fight against gender-based violence remained high on the EU agenda.
These issues were consistently mainstreamed in EU programmes and were included in
public messages and dialogues with governments, regional organisations and civil
society. Support for women human rights defenders ... Banks social due diligence is
founded on ILOs core labour standards. The Bank standards explicitly exclude
practices such as child labour, bonded or forced labour. Where the host country does not
protect workers association and collective bargaining rights, Borrowers are nonetheless
expected to strive towards allowing for the introduction of alternative acceptable
mechanisms to express

Open Document

Periodical report: EU Annual Report on Human Rights


and Democracy in the World in 2014

24.03.2015 - Finnish Immigration Service


Italy, Nigeria
Report on trafficking of women from Nigeria (recruitment; use of Juju; situation of
victims in Italy; return) [ID 310509]
- Committee for the Support of the Dignity of Women (COSUDOW) (Lagos) International Reproductive Rights Research Action Group (IRRRAG) (Benin City) Womens Consortium of Nigeria (WOCON) (Lagos) - Women Trafficking
& Child Labour Eradication Foundation (WOTCLEF) (Benin City) - African Womens
Empowerment Guild (AWEG) (Benin City) - Idia Renaissance (Benin City) - Catholic
Secretariat ... on monia ihmiskaupan uhreja avustavia jrjestj, joista merkittvimpi
ovat: - Girls Power Initiative (GPI) (Benin City), - Committee for the Support of the
Dignity of Women (COSUDOW) (Lagos), - International Reproductive Rights Research
Action Group (IRRRAG) (Benin City), - Womens Consortium of Nigeria (WOCON)
(Lagos) - Women Trafficking & Child Labour Eradication Foundation
Open Document
Open Document

Special or analytical report: Human Trafficking of


Nigerian Women to Europe

03.2015 - Refugee Documentation Centre, Legal Aid Board


Nigeria
Collection of links to materials on general country background, legal system, human
rights, and international protection [ID 301271]
/docid/551146214.html US Department of Labor (7 October 2014) 2013 Findings on the
Worst Forms of Child Labor Nigeria http://www.refworld.org/docid/5448a84a0.html
Watchlist on Children and Armed Conflict (September 2014) Who Will Care for Us?:
Grave Violations against Children in Northeastern Nigeria
http://watchlist.org/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2111-Watchlist-Nigeria_LR.pdf
Trafficking
Open Document

Periodical report: Country Information Pack; Nigeria

03.2015 - UN High Commissioner for Refugees - Author: UNHCR - UN High


Commissioner for Refugees; ECOWAS - Economic Community of West African States

Cte d'Ivoire, Liberia, Nigeria


Joint report of UNHCR and ECOWAS on internal displacement in the ECOWAS
region [ID 305535]
of the Worst Forms of Child Labour 7 February 2003 African Charter on the Rights and
Welfare of the Child 27 February 2004 Convention on the Political Rights of Women,
20 December 1952 18 December 1995 Convention on Consent to Marriage, Minimum
Age for Marriage and Registration of Marriages 18 December 1995 Convention on the
Nationality of Married Women, New York, 29
Open Document

Special or analytical report: Responsibility to Respond


to Internal Displacement in the ECOWAS Region:
Case Studies of Cote D'Ivoire, Liberia and Nigeria

26.01.2015 - Institute for War and Peace Reporting


Nigeria
Article on exploitation of domestic workers in middle- and upper-class households,
many of them trafficked across borders and working as minors [ID 305027]
objectives was to tackle the problem. "The growing incidence of human trafficking
and childlabour in Nigeria is not only a human security issue but also a national security
threat that should be nipped in the bud," she said as Nigeria marked the annual
International Day for the Abolition of Slavery. Betty Abah is the executive director of
the non-profit organisation Centre for Childrens Health Education
Open Document

Media report: Inside Nigeria's House Servant Racket

10.2014 - Human Rights Watch


Nigeria
Report on human rights violations committed against women and girls by Boko Haram
(abduction; forced marriage; forced conversion; forced labour; sexual abuse) [ID
289374]
for children in conflict situations and prohibits child labor, sexual abuse and exploitation
of children, and child betrothal and marriage. Due to the federal system of government,
the Act is applicable only in the federal capital territory, while the parliament in the
other 36 states must pass the law for it to operate in those states. None of the three states
under emergency rule have passed
Open Document

Special or analytical report: Nigeria: Victims of

Abductions Tell Their Stories

30.09.2014 - US Department of Labor


Nigeria
Annual report on child labor (covering 2013) [ID 292915]
/view/42.Nigeria MODERATE ADVANCEMENT 9 2013 FINDINGS ON THE
WORST FORMS OF CHILDLABOR 17. ILO. Report on the Rapid Assessment
of Child Labour Situation in Artisinal Mines and Quarries in Ogun and Oyo States of
Nigeria. Abuja; 2013. 18. U.S. Embassy- Abuja. reporting, January 13, 2013. 19.
Human Rights Watch. Mali: Artisanal Mines Produce Gold with Child Labor. Press
Release. Bamako; December 6 ... . theeagleonline.com [online] 2013 [cited May 27,
2014]; http:// theeagleonline.com.ng/education-now-compulsory-for-school-agechildren-in- delta-uduaghan/. 85. ILO-IPEC. Eliminating the Worst Forms
of Child Labour in West Africa and Strengthening Sub-Regional Cooperation through
ECOWAS. Project Document. Geneva; September 25, 2009. 86. ILO-IPEC. Eliminating
the Worst Forms of Child Labor in West Africa ... Annual report
on child labor (covering 2013) 2013 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor - Part
V: Country Profiles - Nigeria null null 1 2013 FINDINGS ON THE WORST FORMS
OF CHILDLABOR Nigeria MODERATE ADVANCEMENT In 2013, Nigeria made a
moderate advancement in eforts to eliminate the worst forms of child labor. he
Government adopted its irst National Policy on Child Labor and National
Open Document

Periodical report: 2013 Findings on the Worst Forms of


Child Labor - Part V: Country Profiles - Nigeria

09.2014 - Watchlist on Children and Armed Conflict


Nigeria
Report on violations against children (attacks on schools; abduction; recruitment and
use of children; protection) [ID 289291]
and Western Traditions, June 1, 2014). Experts have attributed low levels of formal
school enrolment to poverty, child labor, school location, and the perception that secular
education is in conlict with Islamic education (UNICEF, Global Initiative on Out-OfSchool Children: Nigeria Country Study, March 2012, p. 20). 66 Report of the
Secretary-General on Children and Armed Conlict (A/68/878
Open Document

Special or analytical report: Who Will Care for Us?


Grave Violations Against Children in Northeastern

Nigeria

26.06.2014 - UN Security Council


Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Cte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria,
Senegal, Togo
Report by the UN Secretary-General on developments in West Africa (political
developments; humanitarian trends; human rights situation; security situation) [ID
279969]
weaknesses of the health systems of the affected countries. D. Trends in human rights
and gender issues 18. Weak institutions and a lack of political will and resources
continued to hamper efforts by countries of the region to protect human rights and
combat impunity. Human trafficking and child labour also continued to be reported in
some countries
Open Document

Periodical report: Report of the Secretary-General on


the activities of the United Nations Office for West
Africa [S/2014/442]

20.06.2014 - US Department of State


Nigeria
Annual report on trafficking in persons (covering April 2013 to March 2014) [ID
278777]
be symptoms of a situation of domestic servitude. Forced Child Labor Although
children may legally engage in certain forms of work, children can also be found in
situations of forced labor. A child can be a victim of human trafficking regardless of the
location of that exploitation. Some indicators of possible forced labor of a child include
situations in which the child appears to be in the custody of a non-family member who
requires the child to perform work that financially benefits someone outside the childs
family and does not offer the child the option of leaving. When the victim of forced
labor is a child, the crime is still one of trafficking. Anti-trafficking responses should
supplement, not replace, traditional actions against child labor, such as remediation and
education. When children are compelled to work, their abusers should not be able to
escape criminal punishment by taking weaker administrative responses
to child laborpractices. Unlawful Recruitment and Use of Child Soldiers Child
soldiering is a manifestation of human trafficking when it involves the unlawful
recruitment or use of childrenthrough force, fraud, or coercionby armed forces as
combatants or other

Open Document
Periodical report: Trafficking in Persons Report 2014 Definitions and Methodology Nigeria

03.2014 - Refugee Documentation Centre, Legal Aid Board


Nigeria
Collection of links to materials on general country background, legal system, human
rights, and international protection [ID 287276]
and abuse http://www.unicef.org/infobycountry/nigeria_61813.html?p=printme
UNICEF (12 July 2010) Children Accused of Witchcraft: An anthropological study of
contemporary practices in Africa http://www.unicef.org/wcaro/wcaro_children-accusedof-witchcraft-in-Africa.pdf US Department of Labor (26 September 2012) 2011
Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor Nigeria http
Open Document

Periodical report: Country


Information Pack; Nigeria

Recommended citation

Government of Nigeria: Consideration of reports submitted by States parties under


article 18 of the Convention; Combined seventh and eighth periodic report of States
parties due in 2014; Nigeria [7 October 2015] [CEDAW/C/NGA/7-8], 8 October 2015
(published by CEDAW, available at ecoi.net)
http://www.ecoi.net/file_upload/1930_1446113399_cedaw-c-nga-7-8-5989e.pdf(Advance unedited version) (accessed 15 April 2016)

Nigeria
State report on implementation of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of
Discrimination against Women [ID 313999]
External trafficking for labour exploitation 37 9.1 25 6.3 +2.8 Nigerians deported as
illegal migrants 5 1.2 1 0.3 +0.9 Child Labour 54 13.3 54 13.5 -0.2 Child Abuse 78 19.2
64 16.0 +3.2 Child abduction from guardianship 38 9.3 29 7.3 +2.0 Forced marriage 3
0.7 0 0.0 +0.7 Rape/sexual Abuse 14 3.4 24 6.0 -2.6 Others 47 11.5 68 17.0 -5.5 TOTAL
407 100.0 ... External trafficking for labour exploitation 96 10.0 53 7.1 +43.0 Nigerians
deported as illegal migrants 21 2.2 14 1.9 +7.0 Child Labour 212 22.0 205 27.4 +7.0
CEDAW/C/NGA/7-8 29 Cases Reported 2013 2012 Variance No % No % % Child
Abuse 37 3.8 60 8.0 -23.0 Child abduction from guardianship 8 0.8 4 0.5 +4.0 Forced
marriage 3 0.3 0 0.0 +3.0 Rape/sexual Abuse 4 0.4 16 2.1 -12.0 Others 314 32.6 77 10.3

+237.0 TOTAL 964 100.0 400 100.0 Source: NAPTIP 2013 Data Analyses Report 6.7
As shown in Table 6.2 above, the number of rescued victims of external trafficking for
sexual exploitation reduced in 2013 when compared with 2012 by 10.9%. Number of
victims rescued for Child labour also dropped by 5.4% in the year. As shown
Recommended citation

EASO - European Asylum Support Office: Nigeria; Sex trafficking of women,


October 2015 (available at ecoi.net)
http://www.ecoi.net/file_upload/90_1445949766_2015-10-easo-nigeria-sextrafficking.pdf
http://www.ecoi.net/file_upload/1226_1457689154_bz0415678frn.pdf
http://www.ecoi.net/file_upload/1226_1457689194_bz0415678itn.pdf
http://www.ecoi.net/file_upload/1226_1457689242_bz0415678den.pdf (accessed 15
April 2016)

Nigeria
Report on sex trafficking (human trafficking for the purpose of prostitution; role of
"madams"; "juju"; travel to Europe; return) [ID 313850]
la ricerca in materia di criminalit e giustizia (United Nations Interregional Crime and
Justice Research Institute) UNODC Ufficio delle Nazioni Unite contro la droga e il
crimine (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime) USD Dollaro USA Vice-maman
Assistente (donna) della madam WACOL Women Aid Collective WOCON Womens
Consortium of Nigeria Wotclef Women Trafficking and Child Labour ... counselling e
altre forme di terapia ed educazione per un riorientamento volto a consentire loro di
condurre una vita migliore e con uno scopo nella societ (352). Women Trafficking
& Child Labour Eradication Foundation (Wotclef), Benin City La Wotclef nata nel
1999 e si fatta patrocinatrice dellemanazione della legge contro la tratta [Trafficking
in Persons (Prohibition) Law ... Collective WOCON Womens Consortium of Nigeria
WOTCLEF Women Trafficking and Child Labour Eradication FoundationEASOBericht ber Herkuntslnder-Informaionen Nigeria: Sexhandel mit Frauen 9
Einleitung Zweck des Berichts Nicht bei allen Migrationsbewegungen nigerianischer
Prostituierter nach Europa ist Menschenhandel im Spiel. Im Mittelpunkt des
vorliegenden Berichts stehen jedoch die
Special or analytical report: Nigeria; Sex trafficking of
women
30.09.2015 - US Department of Labor
Recommended citation

USDOL - US Department of Labor: 2014 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child


Labor - Part V: Country Profiles - Nigeria, 30 September 2015 (available at ecoi.net)
http://www.ecoi.net/file_upload/4765_1457951830_nigeria.pdf (accessed 15 April
2016)

Nigeria
Annual report on child labor (covering 2014) [ID 320822]
]; http://www. westafricainsight.org/issues/view/42. 14. ILO. Report on the Rapid
Assessment ofChild Labour Situation in Artisinal Mines and Quarries in Ogun and Oyo
States of Nigeria. Abuja; 2013. 15. U.S. Embassy- Abuja. reporting, January 13, 2013.
16. Macro International Inc. Children Working in Riverine Communities in NigeriaTask 3: Research & Data Collection International Child Labor ... ::NO:::. 52. ILO
Committee of Experts. Individual Direct Request concerning Worst Forms
of Child Labour Convention, 1999 (No. 182) Nigeria (ratiication: 2002) Submitted:
2010; accessed May 15, 2012; http://www.ilo.org/dyn/normlex/ en/f?
p=1000:13100:0::NO:::. 53. he Law Library of Congress. Botswana, Malawi, Nigeria,
and South Africa: Child Labor Laws. Washington, DC; May 2010. Report No. 2010 ...
of Child Labor in West Africa and Strengthening Sub-Regional Cooperation through
ECOWASII. Technical Progress Report. Geneva; October 2012. 66. ILO-IPEC oicial.
E-mail communication to USDOL oicial. June 16, 2014. 67. U.S. Embassy Abuja oicial.
E-mail communication to USDOL oicial. May 19, 2014. 68. Government of Nigeria.
National Policy on Child Labour. Abuja; April 2013. 69
Open Document

Periodical report: 2014 Findings on the Worst Forms of


Child Labor - Part V: Country Profiles - Nigeria

29.07.2015 - UN High Commissioner for Refugees - Author: Bronwen Manby


Recommended citation

Bronwen Manby: Nationality, Migration and Statelessness in West Africa, 29 July


2015 (published by UNHCR, available at ecoi.net)
http://www.ecoi.net/file_upload/1930_1438167272_55b886154.pdf (accessed 15
April 2016)

Burkina Faso, Cte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, GuineaBissau, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo

Report on nationality, migration and statelessness in West Africa (nationality laws; civil
registration; proof of nationality; naturalisation procedures; populations at risk of
statelessness; etc.) [ID 308921]
Childrns Work Project Working Paper Series, 2007; US Department of Labour, 2012
Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor; National Framework for the Development
and Integration of Almajiri Education into UBE Scheme, Nigerian Universal Basic
Education Commission, 2010. 265 Interviews, Dakar and Ziguinchor, May 2014. 266
See, for example, the information at the website of Anti
Open Document

Special or analytical report: Nationality, Migration and


Statelessness in West Africa

15.07.2015 - UN High Commissioner for Refugees


Recommended citation

UNHCR - UN High Commissioner for Refugees: Age, Gender and Diversity;


Accountability Report 2014, 15 July 2015 (available at ecoi.net)
http://www.ecoi.net/file_upload/1930_1436957479_55a61f794.pdf (accessed 15
April 2016)

Afghanistan, Angola, Armenia, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central


African Republic, Chad, Congo, Democratic Republic, Costa Rica, Eritrea, Ethiopia,
Georgia, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Liberia, Malaysia, Mexico,
Nepal, Nigeria, Pakistan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Zimbabwe
Report on accountability (women; persons with disabilities; older persons; LGBTI
persons; youth; children) [ID 307646]
. In some instances it was reported to have led to child marriage and child labour. While
lack of livelihoods is a challenge, complexities also arise where economic opportunities
are provided as this may increase womens risk of violence in the workplace, especially
where they lack legal status, as well as in the home due to resentment felt by spouses.
Given these realities ... settings from access to education include the language of
instruction, tuition fees, lack of adequate infrastructure or teachers, being over-aged and
cultural barriers that often prevent the enrolment of girls and boys, due to child marriage
and the expectation of child labour. In response to these barriers operations responded in
a diverse manner with programming including the provision
Open Document

Special or analytical report: Age, Gender and

Diversity; Accountability Report 2014

Causes of WFCL
Tuition fees, fees for extra or special classes, textbook fees, lack of adequate
infrastructure or teachers, being over-aged and the fear of the difficulty of acclimatizing
to class environment and cultural barriers that often prevent the enrolment of girls and
boys.
-

due to child marriage and the expectation of child labour. In response to these
barriers operations responded in a diverse manner with programming including the
provision

Age, Gender and Diversity

25.06.2015 - US Department of State


Recommended citation

USDOS - US Department of State: Country Report on Human Rights Practices 2014


- Nigeria, 25 June 2015 (available at ecoi.net)
http://www.ecoi.net/local_link/306263/429642_en.html (accessed 15 April 2016)

Nigeria
Annual report on human rights in 2014 [ID 306263]
of children under the age of 14 and acted as an ombudsman to advocate for 14- to 16year-old workers. Also see the Department of Labors Findings on the Worst Forms
of Child Labor at www.dol.gov/ilab/reports/child-labor/findings/ . d. Discrimination
with Respect to Employment or Occupation The law does not prohibit discrimination in
employment and occupation based on race, sex, gender, disability ... corruption;
violence against women; child abuse; female genital mutilation/cutting; infanticide;
sexual exploitation of children; trafficking in persons; discrimination based on sexual
orientation and gender identity, ethnicity, regional origin, religion, and disability; forced
and bonded labor; and child labor. Impunity remained widespread at all levels of
government. The government brought few ... their will and raped; their newborns were
sold on the black market for several thousand dollars, with boys fetching higher prices.
The children were sold for various purposes, including adoption, child labor,
prostitution, or sacrificial rituals. Mothers received approximately 31,850 naira ($175).

On July 13, police rescued 19 pregnant teenage girls and three small children from the
Nma Charity and Motherless
Open Document

Periodical report: Country Report on Human Rights


Practices 2014 - Nigeria

22.06.2015 - Council of the European Union


Recommended citation

Council of the European Union: EU Annual Report on Human Rights and


Democracy in the World in 2014, 22 June 2015 (available at ecoi.net)
http://www.ecoi.net/file_upload/4543_1435829744_st10152-en15.pdf (accessed 15
April 2016)

Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Azerbaijan,


Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belarus, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso,
Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China,
Colombia, Congo, Congo, Democratic Republic, Costa Rica, Cuba, Cte d'Ivoire,
Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea,
Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Haiti, Honduras,
Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya,
Korea, Republic, Kosovo, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People's Democratic Republic,
Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Macedonia, former Yugoslav
Republic, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania, Mexico,
Moldova, Republic, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar,
Namibia, Nepal, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Occupied
Palestinian Territory, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar,
Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Singapore,
Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland,
Switzerland, Syrian Arab Republic, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, United Republic,
Thailand, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United
Arab Emirates, United States of America, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vietnam,
Western Sahara, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Annual report on human rights and democracy in selected countries in 2014 [ID
306758]
and UNICEF, which aims to prevent the recruitment and ultimately end the use of
children by government armed forces in conflict by 2016. In line with ILO Convention
182 on the worst forms of child labour, the EU advocated the establishment of
hazardous work lists in 33 countries to protect children from dangerous work in subSaharan Africa and Europe/Central Asia. During human rights dialogues with certain

countries there was a particular focus on child labour. The protection of the rights of
women and the fight against gender-based violence remained high on the EU agenda.
These issues were consistently mainstreamed in EU programmes and were included in
public messages and dialogues with governments, regional organisations and civil
society. Support for women human rights defenders ... Banks social due diligence is
founded on ILOs core labour standards. The Bank standards explicitly exclude
practices such as child labour, bonded or forced labour. Where the host country does not
protect workers association and collective bargaining rights, Borrowers are nonetheless
expected to strive towards allowing for the introduction of alternative acceptable
mechanisms to express
Open Document

Periodical report: EU Annual Report on Human Rights


and Democracy in the World in 2014