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ATTHEDOCTORDialoguesandVocabularyList

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AT THE DOCTOR Dialogues and


Vocabulary List
11.25.2013

Anastasia Koltai

Business English, English Vocabulary

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You can jump to any section of this article:
1. Health, Illness and Disease Vocabulary
2. Illness Expressions
3. Common Illnesses and Diseases in English
4. Medicine, Medical Equipments and Tools
5. Medical Specialists List
6. What to say at the doctor?
7. Doctors Questions and Answers to Patient
8. Patient Symptoms
9. At the dentists
10. At the chemists

Health, Illness and Disease Vocabulary


pain
feeling in your body when you have been hurt or when you are ill,sick
Suddenly she felt a sharp pain in her neck, shoulder, waist, arm, leg, stomach.
Take an aspirin to relieve the pain.
ache
continuous pain; feel a continuous pain
I cant sleep because my head aches too bad.
I have a terrible headache,backache,stomach-ache.

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ill
suering from an illness or disease; not feeling well; sick
My elder sister is seriously ill in St Johns hospital.
The children started to feel ill an hour after the meal.
sick
physically or mentally ill; wanting to vomit
I feel very sick, I dont think I can work today.
Be careful with the cake, too much of it can make you sick.
sore
painful (and often red) because of infection or because a muscle has been used too much
I have a sore throat, I mustnt take that cold drink.
She says her stomach is still sore after the operation.
His feet were sore after the bicycle trip.
illness
the state of being physically or mentally ill
Our secretary missed a lot of work through illness last month.
Flu can be a serious illness if you arent careful enough.
disease
serious illness, often caused by infection
Peters uncle suers from a rare blood disease.
A fatty diet increases the risk of heart disease.
The government is planning further health measures to prevent the spread of disease.
heal
become healthy again; make something, somebody healthy again, make somebody feel
happy again
As I see it will take a long time for your wounds to heal.
This ointment will help to heal your scratches.
The tea you made really healed me.
cure
make somebody or something healthy again after an illness; make an illness go away
He was seriously ill for a long time, but the doctor cured him at last.
Scarlet fever is a serious illness, but it can be cured fairly fast.
cure
medicine or medical treatment that cures an illness; the act of curing or the process of
being cured
There is no known cure for this illness but the it can be treated.
Im afraid you must be taken to hospital for the cure.
treat
give medical care or attention to somebody or something; deal with something or
somebody
I was treated for u, but later I was diagnosed with pneumonia.
This illness is usually treated with antibiotics and a strict diet..
treatment
(the way or process of) curing an illness or injury or making somebody look and feel
good; the way of dealing with something or somebody
Doctors apply various treatments for this illness.
My sister goes to a wellness centre to receive beauty treatments.
diagnose
de ne what an illness or the cause of a problem is
The blood test is used to diagnose all kinds of diseases.
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She was diagnosed (as) (a) diabetic in her early childhood.


diagnosis
medical description of an illness or condition
The doctors didnt share every detail of the diagnosis with the patients family.
We had to wait a lot for the exact diagnosis after the examination.
injury
harm done to the body, for example in an accident
They were lucky to escape the ght without serious injuries.
There were only minor injuries in the crash.

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injure
harm somebody or yourself physically, especially in an accident, receive/suer an injury
He injured his nger when he was cutting the meat.
Nobody was killed in the accident, but two people were seriously injured.
wound
an injury to part of the body, especially one in which a hole is made in the skin
He died from the wounds that he had received in the crash.
He was taken to hospital although his wounds didnt seem too serious.
cut
a wound caused by something sharp
He had such a deep cut on his arm that he was taken to hospital.
The victim had several cuts on his chest, still he survived.
bruise
a blue, brown or purple mark on the skin after somebody has fallen
He was covered in bruises at the end of the football match.
The man came to the surgery with a huge bruise over his eye.
scratch
rub your skin with your nails, usually because its itching; a mark or a small cut or injury
made by scratching
The cat continuously scratched itself behind the ear.
She had a long scratch on her arm when she came out of the rose garden.
infection
illness caused by bacteria or a virus; the act or process of causing or getting a disease
Wash your hands carefully to decrease the risk of infection.
She almost died from blood infection.
in ammation
a condition when a part of the body becomes red, sore and swollen because of infection
or injury
My knee was twice the size of the other one due to the in ammation.
You had better not eat fatty food so soon after your stomach in ammation.
symptom
a change in your body or mind that shows that you are not healthy
You dont necessarily need a doctor with symptoms like a headache or sore throat.
Depression can cause physical symptoms, too.
temperature
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the measurement of how hot your body is

fever
a medical condition in which someone has a temperature that is higher than normal; a
particular type of disease with high temperature
Did you take aspirin to reduce the fever?
Our daughter has been diagnosed with scarlet fever.

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have a temperature when your temperature is higher than normal due to illness
I feel so weak, I think I have a temperature.
She had such a high temperature that she was immediately taken to hospital.

cold
illness aecting the nose and/or throat, making you cough and/or sneeze
I think I caught a cold on the ice rink yesterday.
She cant come to school, shes in bed with a cold.
u
a very bad cold, an infectious disease with fever, pains and weakness
Please dont visit us this week, the whole family has the u.
If youre not careful enough and you dont take antibiotics, you may even die from the u.
vomit
discharge stomach contents through the mouth
There must have been something wrong with the food as both children vomited shortly
after the meal.
Im afraid Im pregnant; I vomit after getting up every morning.
medicine
a substance that you drink or swallow so as to cure an illness
You look so pale. Havent you taken your medicine this morning?
The doctor prescribed three kinds of medicine for me.
antibiotics
medicine that kills bacteria and cures infections
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My mums throat infection went away after she started the antibiotics.
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Hot tea wont be enough to cure your u, I think you also need antibiotics.

pain killer
kind of medicine that takes away some or all of the discomfort of an illness or injury
I had such a horrible headache last night that I took two pain killers.
She says she doesnt think its a good idea to take pain killers too often.
blood pressure
the rate at which blood ows through the body
Drink some coee if you feel your blood pressure is too low.
High blood pressure increases the risk of having a heart attack.
pulse
the regular beat of blood as it is sent around the body
The doctor started the examination with taking my pulse and blood pressure.
He has such a weak pulse that its hard to feel.
x-ray
a photograph of a somebodys bones and organs
They took x-rays of my knee to make sure it wasnt broken.
The doctor says that the x-ray has proved his suspicion of cancer, but I dont believe him.
patient
a person staying in a hospital or medical facility

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The doctor examined the patient very carefully but he didnt nd any disorder.
There were so many patients in the doctors surgery that I didnt wait and I went home.

I wanted to see a doctor but the surgery was closed.


I hope they can cure me with medicine and I dont need undergo surgery.
operation
cutting open a part of somebodys body in order to remove or cure a part

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surgery
a place where a doctor or dentist sees patients; medical treatment of injuries or diseases
involving cutting open somebodys body

The operation was successful but the patient died.


The doctor says I can hardly escape an operation.
operate on somebody (for something)
cut open a part of somebodys body in order to remove or cure a part
He soon recovered after he was operated on for appendicitis.
The doctor ordered to take my brother to hospital and they will operate on him
tomorrow.
operating theatre
a room in a hospital used for medical operations
The patient died on the way to the operating theatre.
She felt nervous as she looked round the operating theatre.
chemists (shop)
a shop where medicine is sold
The doctor suggested to go to the chemists for the medicine straight from the surgery.
This syrup is also sold in the supermarket, so you dont need to go to the chemists.
prescription
an o cial piece of paper lled out by a doctor with which you can get medicine from a
chemists shop
Unfortunately, the doctor forgot to sign the prescription and so the chemist refused to
give me the medicine.
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Illness expressions
feel ill, sick
have a temperature
have a pain in your back, chest, waist, arm, shoulder
have a headache
feel weak
feel dizzy
suer from stomach cramps
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have a black eye


have a swollen, sprained ankle, wrist, foot
have a lump
have a broken leg
have a fracture
burn, cut a nger
sprain an ankle
be allergic to antibiotics
produce an allergic reaction
come down with a cold
be in bed with a cold
have a heart attack, stroke
suer from asthma, malnutrition, diabetes
ght cancer, depression, addiction, alcoholism
(go to) see a doctor
examine a patient
take, feel your pulse
take, measure your temperature
diagnose an illness, disease
diagnose a condition, disorder
prescribe medicine
make up a prescription
take someone to hospital
undergo an examination, operation
dress a wound
a bandaged arm, leg
put on a plaster
give an injection
have a blood test
prevent the spread of disease
enhance, build immunity to a disease

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Common Illnesses and Diseases in English


u
cold
diarrhoea
pneumonia
mumps
measles
chickenpox
scarlet fever
tonsillitis
bronchitis
indigestion
ulcer
appendicitis
hepatitis
heart attack
heart disease
stroke
arthritis
asthma
lung cancer
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diabetes
amnesia
nervous breakdown

Medicine, Medical Equipments and Tools


pill
tablet
capsule
syrup
ointment
cream
eye drops
injection
tranquilizer
pain-killer
antiseptic
antifebrile
dressing
bandage
cast
brace
gauze
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elastic tape
thermometer
stethoscope
syringe, forceps, scissors, oxygen mask, test tube, vial, IV bag, blood pressure
monitor, crutches, wheelchair

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Medical Specialists List


Allergist:treats food and environmental allergies
Anaesthesiologist:provides pain prevention during surgery
Cardiologist:heart specialist
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Dentist:tooth specialist
Dermatologist:skin specialist
Gynecologist:specializes in womens needs
Midwife:helps women deliver babies
Neurologist:brain specialist
Oncologist:tumour specialist
Ophthalmologist:deals with eye diseases
Pediatrician:treats babies and children
Physical therapist:specializes in the bodys movement
Psychiatrist:mental health specialist
Radiologist:specializes in imaging tests (x-ray, etc.)

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What to say at the doctor?


Going to Doctor
I think you should see a doctor.
You look very pale. Shall I call the ambulance?
Im ill. I dont feel well. I need a doctor. I must see a doctor.
Doctor Bulbs surgery hours are from 9 to 12 every morning.
Where do I nd the GPs o ce? (general practitioner a doctor who is trained in general
medicine working in the local community)
What are the consulting hours of the ENT (ear, nose and throat) specialist?
Do I have to make an appointment?
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Doctors Questions and Answers to Patient

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Whats the matter? Wheres the pain? What do you complain of?
Have you taken your temperature?
For how long have you been feeling ill?
Take your clothes o. Ill examine you. Let me take your pulse, please.
Ill measure your blood pressure.
Your blood pressure is rather high. Your blood pressure is too low.
Let me sound your back. Take a deep breath. Ill check your lungs.
Can I have a look? Where does it hurt?
Does it hurt here? Breath out slowly.
Show me your tongue. Poke out your tongue.
Have you got any other symptoms?
What infectious diseases have you had?
What have you eaten/drunk?
Have you been injured?
Dont worry. Theres no serious problem.
I dont think its too serious.
Youve got to be vaccinated against tetanus.
You must stay in bed and take this medicine three times a day, after meals.
Ill dress the wound and put a plaster on your arm.
You must follow a diet, you need to rest and you shouldnt worry.
Your test results have come in. The blood test came back negative.
The biopsy shows a tumour.
You should consult a specialist.
Well know more in a few days.
It would be better if you went to hospital.
I think youll have to stay in hospital for a week.
Hopefully, there wont be any complications.
I dont think you need chemotherapy.
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Ill give you a prescription. Take this medicine three times a day / after meals / an hour
before lunch.
Youll soon be well again.
Come back next week if you dont feel better.

Patient Symptoms
Ive got a high temperature.
I feel really rough. Im shattered/exhausted.
Could you check my blood pressure? Ive got high blood pressure.
Theres a sharp pain here. Ive got a pain in my limbs.
I feel dizzy. Ive got a kidney problem. Ive lost weight.
I always feel bad after meals. Ive got a stomach ache.
Ive got a splitting headache. I often have nosebleeds.
I have diarrhoea. Ive lost my appetite.
Ive got circulation problems. I sweat all night.
My ears are buzzing. Ive got an upset stomach.
Ive sprained my wrist/ankle. My hand/foot is badly swollen.
I think Ive pulled a muscle in my leg/arm.
Ive had scarlet fever, mumps, the measles.
Is it something serious? Is this a common problem at my age?
When will the tests results come in? Are you going to run more tests?
Do I have to be operated on? Will I need surgery?
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I hope there wont be any complications.
Could you prescribe some medicine for me?
How often should I take this medicine?
Shall I come back next week if I dont get better?
At the dentists
Ive got a pain in my back teeth and my gum is bleeding.
Ive lost a lling. My dentures broken.
Does the tooth have to be extracted or can you replace the lling?
At the chemists
Would you make up this prescription for me?
Shake well before use. Not to be taken orally.
Can I get a packet of vitamin tablets?

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WRITTEN BY: ANASTASIA KOLTAI

Founder of MyEnglishTeacher.eu. Ana is a fan of giving away free and


useful materials both for English learners and teachers. In her free time
she loves biking and playing with her dog.

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