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Department of Mechatronics

Subject: COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

Sub Code: 10MT665

QUESTION BANK

Chapter 1

1

With a neat block diagram explain the basic building blocks of a communication system.

spectrum.

Mention the Significance of Fourier Series and Fourier Transform in communication system..

10

Chapter 2

11

12

Write a note on thermal noise. And mentions properties of thermal noise voltage

Define noise figure .derive noise figure of a two part device.

14 Give the classification of NOISE

15 Explain internal and External Noise.

16 Derive the Equation for Equivalent noise temperature.

17 Mention the draw back of Noise Figure.

18

Chapter 3

19

Briefly explain the generation of AM using square law modulator giving relevant waveforms

21

23 Write a note on generation of DSBSC using ring modulator.

24

A transmitter radiates 35kw,when =85, calculate the carrier power & power of each SB.

26 An audio frequency b/g 10 sin [2 X10 5t] . assume the modulation index 0.2. calculate the side band frequency,

amplitude of each side band, bandwidth & total power delivered through a load of 600 .

27

Derive equations for modulation index, efficiency and total power carried for a single tone

amplitude modulation.

28

Explain generation of AM using switching modulator

29

Consider message s/g met = 20 cos 2t and carrying s/g c(t) =50 los 100nt. Give the time

30

domain expression resulting conventional AM wave for 75% modulation. Find the power

developed. Across load of 100 developed due to this AM wave.

31

Explain in detail detection of DSBSC using COSTAs receiver

32

33

An audio frequency b/g 10 sin [2 X10 5t] . assume the modulation index 0.2. calculate the side

band frequency, amplitude of each side band, bandwidth & total power delivered through a load of

600 .

32.

Derive equations for modulation index, efficiency and total power carried for a single tone

amplitude modulation.

34.Consider message s/g met = 20 cos 2t and carrying s/g c(t) =50 los 100nt. Give the time domain

expression resulting conventional AM wave for 75% modulation. Find the power developed. Across load of

100 developed due to this AM wave.

35. A broadcast AM transmitter radiates 50 kW of carrier power. What will be the radiated power

at 85 percent modulation?

36. A certain AM transmitter has an unmodulated RF carrier power of 1 kW. Determine the total

power, the power in each sideband, and the peak power for each of the following modulation

percentages using single-tone modulation: a) 25%, b) 50%, and c) 100%.

37. When the modulation percentage is 75, an AM transmitter produces 10 kW. How much of this

is the carrier power? How much is the power per sideband? What would be the percentage

power saving if the carrier and one of the sidebands were suppressed before transmission took

place?

38. At what depth of modulation can an AM transmitter save 90% of power if the carrier and one

sideband are suppressed?

39. The antenna current of an AM transmitter is 8 A when only the carrier is sent, but it increases

to 8.93 A when the carrier is sinusoidally modulated. Determine the antenna current when the

depth of modulation is 0.8.

40. When a broadcast AM transmitter is 50% modulated, its antenna current is 12 A. What will the

current be when the modulation depth is increased to 0.9?

41. The input impedance at the base of a certain 10 kW commercial broadcasting station antenna

is 50 resistive. For single-tone modulation, the rms ammeter at the base of the antenna reads

16 A. Determine the percentage of modulation.

42. A certain transmitter radiates 9 kW with the carrier unmodulated, and 10.125 kW when the

carrier is sinusoidally modulated. Calculate the modulation index. If another sine wave,

corresponding to 40 percent modulation, is transmitted simultaneously, determine the total

radiated power.

43. The antenna current of an AM broadcast transmitter modulated to a depth of 40% by an audio

sine wave, is 11 A. It increases to 12 A as a result of simultaneous modulation by another

audio sine wave. What is the modulation index due to this second wave?

44. A 360-W carrier is simultaneously modulated by two audio waves with modulation

percentages of 55 and 65, respectively. What is the total sideband power radiated?

45. The output current of a 60% modulated AM generator is 1.5 A. To what value will this current

be if the generator is modulated additionally by another audio wave whose modulation index

is 0.7? What will be the percentage power saving if the carrier and one of the sidebands are

now suppressed?

46. A 60 dB AM transmitter is to be modulated simultaneously by two audio waves of indices 0.5

and 0.7. What is the total current if the antenna resistance is 75?

47. An SSB transmission contains 80 kW. It is required that the system be replaced by a standard

amplitude-modulated signal with the same power content. Determine the power content of

each of the sidebands in the new system if the percentage modulation is 80%.

48. The antenna current of an AM broadcast transmitter modulated to a depth of 38.5% by an

audio wave is 10.5 amperes. It increased by 4% as a result of simultaneous modulation caused

by another wave. Determine the percent modulation caused by the second wave.

49. At a certain depth of modulation, the power used is 22% of the total power when the carrier is

suppressed. If another simultaneous wave is added and the carrier and one of the sidebands are

suppressed, the power saved is 85%. What are the modulation indices?

50. For a modulating signal of maximum bandwidth 20kHz and a carrier frequency of 2Mhz

calculate the minimum and maximum frequencies when the signals are amplitude modulated

by the following methods

a.

DSB-AM

b.

DSB-SC

c.

SSB-AM

51. Calculate the modulation index of a carrier waveform of amplitude 10V and a sinusoidal

modulating signal of 3.5V

52. Describe the diode demodulator and explain the function of each component. Why cannot a

normal diode such as the 1N4148 be used as a demodulator?

53. Describe the operation of the ring modulator. What will happen if the diodes are mismatched?

Draw diagrams how the AM waveforms are produced.

54. A square wave of amplitude 2V will be Amplitude modulated with a carrier waveform of

amplitude 6V. Calculate the resultant modulation index.

55. Explain how message signal can be

receiver.

detected from AM

56. Give Time Domain and frequency domain Equation for AM.

57. Derive Time and frequency Domain Equation For DSBSC

Chapter 4

58. Explain the non linearity modulation in FM

59. Explain FM stereo multiplexing.

60. Give the CARSONs rule for finding BW in FM

61. Write a note on generation of FM signal using Direct method.

62. Write a note on generation of FM signal using indirect method.

63. Write Time domain Equation of Narrowband FM

64. Write Time domain Equation of Wideband FM

65. Write Frequency domain Equation of Narrowband FM

66. Write Frequency domain Equation of Wideband FM

67. Give the Difference between Narrow band and Wideband FM

Chapter 5

68. Explain Detection of message signal from FM signal using PLL.

69. Explain Detection of message signal from FM signal using indirect method.

70. Explain Slope detector method of finding Message signal from modulated signal.

Chapter 6

71. Explain TDM in detail.

72. Discuss in brief working PCM.

73. Show that quantization SNR for sinusoidal s/g is 1.8 + 6N.

74. A 10 khz sinusoidal with amplitude IV peak is quantized to have SNR of about 45db. Find the

number of both required/sample, bit rate and B.W.

75. A telephone s/g with B.W 4KHZ is digitized into an 8 bit PCM Sampled at nyquist rate.

Calculate PCM transmission B.W .

76. Explain the delta modulation.

77. Write a note on Quantization noise

78. Find the Signal to quantization noise ratio for Sinusoidal message signal.

79. Give the difference between uniform and non uniform quantization.

80. Show that quantization SNR for sinusoidal s/g is 4.8 + 6N.

81. Give the difference between midtread and mid raiser Quantization.

82. Explain A-Law and U- Law

83. Give the Drawback of uniform Quantization.

84. Encode the bits 11001011 using i) Manchester code ii) NRZ-R

85. Explain Robust Quantization.

Chapter 7

86. Find the Probability error of BASK

87. Find the Probability error of BFSK

88. Find the Probability error of BPSK

89. Find the Probability error of BQPSK

90. Explain the Transmitter and Receiver of BASK

91. Explain the Transmitter and Receiver of BPSK

92. Explain the Transmitter and Receiver of BFSK

93. Explain the Transmitter and Receiver of BQPSK

Chapter 8

94. What is RADAR? Explain in brief with block diagram blocks present in RADAR.

95. With a neat block diagram explain monochrome TV transmitter & receiver.

96. Give the RADAR Range Equation.

97. Explain the Working concept of RADAR

98. Explain Color TV transmitter and Receiver

99. Explain RADAR Transmitter .

100.Explain RADAR Receiver.

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