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and the water and cement ratio is not exceeded.

a) 30 minutes
c) 45 minutes
d) 60 minutes
1. Scales for weighing aggregates and cement shall be accurate within ____
% throughout the range of use. Scales shall be inspected and sealed as
often as the Engineer may deem necessary to assure their continued 7. A sample from a bituminous mix weighs 1000 grams. At
extraction, it was found out that the dry aggregate weighed 950
a) 1.0 %
c) 0.5 %
grams. What is the % of asphalt by weight of mix?
b) 1.5 %
d) 2.0 %
a) 5.2 %
c) 5.4 %
b) 5.0 %
d) 4.8%
2. When cement is placed in contact with the aggregate, batches may be
rejected unless mixed within _____ hours of such contact.
8. The minimum penetration of the preservative with the surface of
a) 1.5 hours
c) 0.5 hours
the timber piles shall be ____
b) 2.0 hours
d) 2.5 hours
a) 150 mm
c) 250 mm
b) 200 mm
d) 100 mm
3. When mixed at the site or in a central mixing plant, the mixing time shall
not be less than ______ nor more than ____ unless mixer performance test
9. The contractor shall submit in writing a job-mix formula for the
prove adequate mixing of concrete in a shorter time period.
mixture supported by laboratory test data along with samples of
a) 30 seconds nor more than 90 seconds
resources of components and viscosity temperature relationships to
b) 50 seconds nor more than 90 seconds
the Engineer for testing and approval at least ____.
c) 60 seconds nor more than 120 seconds
a) two weeks
c) one week
d) 90 seconds nor more than 120 seconds
b) three weeks
d) four weeks

Materials Engineer Test Reviewer

4. The flow of water shall be uniform and all water should be in the drum
The concrete samples should be stored in a moist conditioned
the end of the first ____ seconds of the mixing period.
a) 45 seconds
c) 15 seconds
b) 30 seconds
d) 20 seconds

temperature within the range of ____ until the time of test.

a) 18* C to 24* C
c) 14* C to 24* C
b) 15* C to 18* C
d) 18* C to 28* C

5. Concrete not place within ____ minutes from the time the ingredients11. This is used in soil stabilized road surface due to its high ____
were charged into the mixing drum shall be used.
a) 120 minutes
c) 60 minutes
b) 150 minutes
d) 90 minutes

property, that is, it absorb and retain water.

a) Potassium Chloride
c) Magnesium Chloride
b) Calcium Chloride
d) Sodium Chloride

6. When concrete is delivered in truck mixers, additional water may be12. The mass % wear of soil aggregate used in cement/lime
added to the batch and additional mixing performed to increase the slump
proportions should not be more than ____ .
to meet the specified requirement if permitted by the Engineer, provided all
these operation are performed within ____ after the initial mixing operation


a) 40 %
b) 50 %

c) 45 %
d) 55 %

a) 1.151 to 1.174
b) 1.250 to 1.178

c) 1.051 to 1.154
d) 1.058 to 1.184

13. The uniform rate at which the movable head of the CBR machine travel
20. The specific gravity magnesium sulfate solution used in
is _____ .
/ min
b) 0.10 in /min

c) 0.08 in /min
d) 0.09 in /min

a) 0.05
test for aggregate should be within the range of ____ .
a) 1.280 to 1.408
c) 1.295 to 1.308
b) 1.180 to 1.308
d) 1.195 to 1.318

14. Cast in place concrete shall not be post tensioned until at least ____21. Aggregate accounts for 92 95 % of the weight of the bituminous
and until the compressive strength has reached the strength specified. mixture asphalt accounts for 5 8 % of the weight of the mix. The
a) 7 days
c) 14 days
exact percentage to be used is determined by the _____
b) 10 days
d) 20 days
a) Trial mix
c) Job mix
b) Design mix
d) Job order
15. The penetration test is an indication of the ____ of asphalt.
22. _____ is an indication that the asphalt mix is overheated.
a) Consistency
c) Hardness
b) Softness
d) Flash Point
a) Blue smoke
c) Rising steam
b) Stiff appearance
d) Mix slumps in truck
16.Specification requires one (1) Quality test for every ____ of
a) 20 tons
23.In checking the temperature of the mix, the thermometer
c) 50 tons
should be inserted into the mix at least ____.
b) 200 tons
d) 40 tons
a) 2 inches
c) 4 inches
b) 6 inches
d) 6.0 mm
17. The ____ is the most commonly used method in the design and
24. _____ is applied on existing bit, or cement concrete surface with
evaluation of bituminous concrete mixes.
a) Job mix formula
c) Marshall Stability
bituminous materials.
b) Design mix
d) Extraction
a) Bituminous Prime Coat
c) Bituminous Seal Coat
b) Bituminous Tack Coat
d) Bituminous Surface Treatment
18. Vibration shall operate a frequency of 8,300 to 9,600 impulses per
25. The solution used in the soundness test of aggregate shall be
minute under load at a maximum spacing of ____ cm.
a) 30 cm
c) 60 cm
cooled to a temperature of 21 +or 1* C and maintain at that
b) 50 cm
d) 40 cm
temperature for at least
a) 24 hours
c) 48 hours
d) 18 hours
19. The specific gravity of Sodium Sulfate used in soundness test for
aggregate should be with in the range of ____.


26. Proper compaction of the fill materials is very important, as it will ______.
33. Before the cement is to be used, sampling must be done at least
a) Increase the shear strength
b) Decrease permeability
c) Minimize compressibility
d) All of the above

_____ before use.

a) one week
b) 14 days

34. Asphalt cement shall not be used while it is foaming nor shall be

27. In which DPWH item is emulsified asphalt not suitable?

a) Item 301
b) Item302

c) two weeks
d) 12 days

heated at ____ at anytime after delivery.

a) 107*
c) 120*
b) 159*

c) Item 304
d) Item 308

28.Unconfined compressive strength test is usually performed on

35. Moisture content of aggregate in bit mix shall not exceed ____ of
a) Sandy soils
the time it is introduce into the mixing unit.
Organic soils
a) 1.5 mass %
c) 1 mass %
b) Silty soils
d) Clayey soils
b) 2.0 mass %
29.Consolidation test is usually performed on ____ samples
a) Disturbed
c) Consolidated
b) Undisturbed
d) both a & b

36. Batching tolerance for Sand and Aggregate is ____.

a) 1 %
b) 2 %

c) 3 %

30.A concrete core sample having a maximum height of less than

37. Between stage of curing, concrete shall not be exposed for more
_____ of its diameter before capping or height less than its diameter
than how many hours?
a) 24 hours
after capping shall not be tested.
a) 93 %
c) 95 %
3 hours
d) 72 hours
b) 94 %
d) 96 %

38. As a Materials Engineer, what will you do with major

31. The cohesion and internal friction of soil is tested by

honeycombed area that is considered as defective work?

a) Plaster
b) Payment of the concrete will be made an adjustment
c) Removed and replaced at the expensed of the contractor
32. In concrete acceptance, core will be considered adequate if the average
strength of the cores is equal to what?
39. If the strength of control specimen does not meet the
a) 80% of specified strength & if no single core is less than 75% of specified
requirement and not feasible to obtain cores due to structural
b) 90% of specified strength & if no single core is less
consideration, as a Materials Engineer what will be your decision?
than 80% of specified strength
c) 85% of specified strength
a) Removed and replaced
& if no single core is less than 75% of specified strength
a) Tri axial shear test
b) Direct shear test

c) Bearing test
d) All of the above


b) Area will not be paid

c) Payment will be made at an adjusted price

47. Minimum size of galvanized wire mesh is ____________.

a) 2.0 mm
c) 2.7 mm
b) 2.2 mm
d) 3.4 mm
40. After concrete has been placed, it is advisable to maintain fully welted
and in position for how many hours?
48. Minimum density of gabions is ___________.
a) 14 hours
c) 72 hours
a) 1,000 kg/cu. m
c) 1,400 kg/cu. m
b) 24 hours
d) 15 18 hours
b) 1,200 kg/cu. m
d) 1,500 kg/cu. m

41. Rock shall be excavated to a depth ____ below sub grade within the 49.
limitSoundness loss of field gabions is __________________.
of the roadbed
b) 150 mm

9 % after 5 cycles
b) 10 % after 5 cycles

c) 200 mm

50. The heating temperature of reflector zed thermoplastic material

during application is _____
a) 130 +/- 7* C
c) 200 +/- 7* C
b) 150 +/- 7* C
d) 211 +/- 7* C

42. Minimum penetration of all piles shall be ____.

a) 3 meter
b) 6 meter

c) 11 % after 5 cycles
d) 12 % after 5 cycles

c) 7 meter
d) 4.5 meter

43. Piles shall not be driven within 7 meters of concrete less than _____ 51.
old.Submission of sample minimum quantity of material for asphalt
a) 7 days
b) 14 day

cement is -------.
a) 5 kg
b) 10 kg

c) 28 days

44. Paint contains _____ of pigment and _____ vehicle.

a) 20 % & 80 %
b) 21 % & 79 %

c) 79 % & 21 %
d) 80 % & 20 %

45. Minimum thickness of bedding materials beneath the pipe is _____.

a) 100 mm
b) 150 mm

c) 200 mm

52. For how many years does the small Contractor given to procure
necessary testing equipment?
a) 2 years
c) 5 years
b) 4 years
d) 6 years

53. The depth of the weakened joints must not be less than ____ and
a width of ___.
a) 40 mm & 6 mm
b) 50 mm & 5 mm

46. Tolerance of gabion dimension is _________________.

a) +/- 1%
b) +/- 2 %

c) 20 kg
d) 100 kg

c) +/- 3 %
d) +/- 4 %

c) 40 mm & 5 mm
d) 50 mm & 6 mm

54. Used of bituminous cold mix for potholes patching during rainy/
wet period is acceptable
a) false
b) true


55. In soil, all boring shall be carried to a depth of at least ____ below thepsi/sec


proposed grade line.

c) 1.5 m
b) 1.0 m
d) 1.8 m

b) 20 - 50
d) 15 40 psi/sec

63. I n a soil exploration, if the characteristic of rock is questionable,

56. The test that determine pile bearing capacity by loading one or more
pile and measuring settlement under load is _____.
the minimum depth of boring into the bedrock should be _______.
a) Vane shear test
c) Pile load test
a) 1.5 m
c) 2.5 m
b) Plate bearing test
b) 2.0 m
d) 3.0 m
57. The weight of disturbed samples from hard auger or split spoon shall64.
beDetermine soil bearing capacity by loading a steel plate usually
at least ____.
a) 1 kg 30 diameter.
c) 10 kg
b)Vane shear test
c) Pile load test
20 kg
d) 100 kg
b) Plate bearing test
d) None of the above
58. Submission of sample for testing for cement is _____.
a) 10 kg
c) 15 kg
b) 20 kg
d) 40 kg

65. How many hours do aggregate stockpile or binned for draining

before being batch?
a) 1 hour
b) 6 hours

59. The length of Shelby Tube of an undisturbed sample is _____.

a) 10 long
b) 18 long

c) 20 long

c) 12 hours
d) 24 hours

66. What is the relative strength of mortar at 7 & 28 days of fine

aggregates, when tested for the effect of organic impurities, which is
higher than the standard?
60. For small project where quantity of steel bars is 10,000 kg or less, what
a) not less than 90 %
c) not less than 95 %
is the basis for acceptance of material?
b) not less than 80 %
d) not less than 98 %
a) No testing
c) Mill certificate
b) P.E, certificate
67. What is the rate of loading for concrete beam tested for flexural
a) 110 150 psi/sec
61. ______ determine the best combination of the material that will produce
125 a 175 psi/sec
potentially stable & durable mixture.
b) 115 150 psi/sec
d) 130 - 175 psi/sec
a) Job mix formula
c) Design of bituminous mix
b) Marshall formula
68. In concrete sampling paste shall be of normal consistency of _____
when the rod settles to a point below the original surface in 30 secs.
62. _______ is the rate of loading for concrete cylinder sample subject to a) 10 +/- 1 mm
c) 15 +/- 1mm
compression test
a) 20 - 40 psi/sec
c) 15 b)
4011 +/- 1 mm
d) 20 +/- 1 mm


77. Prime coat shall be left undisturbed for at least _____.

a) 6 hours
c) 24 hours
b) 12 hours

69. What the temperature of a concrete sample?

a) 10 15 * C
b) 18 24 * C

c) 15 18* C

78. The first phase of rolling the spread bituminous mix is called
breakdown rolling which is carried out by pneumatic roller,
a) 1 %
c) 3 %
temperature requirement must be _____.
b) 2 %
d) 4 %
a) 200 225* F
c) 160 180* F

d)150 185* F
71. Retarder can delay the setting time of concrete up to how many hours?
a) 1 hour
c) 4 hours
79. How many gradation ranges for hot plant mix bituminous
b) 2 hours
d) 8 hours
pavement are there in the blue book?
a) 5
c) 7
72. Super plasticizer can increase the strength of concrete up to how many
d) 8
a) 40

70. What is the wash loss of fine aggregates in the no. 200 sieve?

60 %
b) 50 60 %

c) 50 70 %
d) 60 70 %

80. What is the plasticity index of mineral filler?

a) not greater than 4
b) not greater than 6

73. ___________ is the moisture in an air dried soil

a) Moisture Content
b) Natural Moisture Content
c) Hygroscopic Moisture Content
d) Hydrometer Moisture Content

c) not greater than 8

d) zero

81. If no core had been taken at the end of each day of operation and
the project has already been completed, a core shall be taken
for every 75 l.m,/lane c) for every 100 l.m/lane
b) for every 150 l.m/lane d) for every 1,000 l.m/lane

74. _________ is the tolerance of mix in bituminous.

a) 10* C
c) 15* C
b) 12* C
d) 18* C


82. ________ is the slump of workable concrete if vibrated.

a) 10 20 mm
75. _________ Number of measurement taken in a core sample for thickness
b) 10 40 mm
determination of the finish asphalt pavement
a) 3
c) 5
83. ________ Burnt product
b) 4
d) 8
to form Portland Cement.
a) Hydraulic cement
76. In the absence of beam mold in site, cylinder mold is allowed by
b) Clinker
specification. What is the required strength?
a) 2,500 psi
c) b) 3,000 psi
d) 4,000 psi


c) 40 50 mm
d) 40 75 mm
which is used by Gypsum and pulverized
c) Fly Ash
d) Volcanic Ash

84. When group index = 0, what is the grade of soil?

a) weak soil
c) good soil
b) poor soil

92. _______ is an empirical number used in evaluation for G.I.

a) 0 15
b) 5 20

c) 0 20
d) 0 25

85. ______ is a process of breaking down of rocks into small pieces of various
93. It indicates good subbase materials when G.I. is equal to _____.
size that can range from large boulders to very small clay particles.
a) 0
c) 10
a) Consolidation
c) Weathering
b) 5
d) 20
b) Unconsolidation

94. It indicates very poor subbase materials when G.I. is equal to

86. ________ is the limit were further loss of water due to evaporation which
a) 0
will not result in reduction of volume.
c) 10
a) Plastic limit
c) Shrinkage limit
b) 5
d) 20
b) Liquid limit
87. ________ a classification of soil which 35% or less the particles pass 95. ______ indicates the composition of soil.
a) Atterberg Limit
b) Plasticity Index
through no. 200 sieve.
a) Grain size soil
c) Silty clay
b) Granular
96. The higher the value of PI of the soil, the weaker will be the soil
d) Clayey materials
performance as a _____.
a) True
c) Depend
88. ________ a classification of soil which 35% or more of the particles pass
d) None of the above
through no. 200 sieve
a) Course Sand Soil
c) Silty-Clay Materials
b) Granular Materials
d) Clayey Materials
97. _______ the Plasticity Index of group of soil
a) 0
c) 10
89. It evaluate the quality of soil as highway subgrade material.
b) 6
d) 11
a) Atterberg Limit
c) Group Index
b) Plasticity Index
d) Liquid Limit
98. _______ is the minimum percent of A-6 group classification of soil.
90. When soil has plasticity index value of 10, what is the criteria of the a) 0 %
c) 35 %
a) b) 25 %
d) 36 %
Coarse grain
c) Clayey
b) Sandy
d) Silty
99. _______ is the maximum of G.I. of Silty Clay Materials
a) 0
c) 20
91. When plasticity index is equal
b) 25
d) 35
a) Coarse grain
c) Clayey
b) Sandy
d) Silty
When the value of G.I. is negative, what will be the soil
a) Poor Subgrade


c) Good subgrade
good subgrade








d) None of the above

The weight of Sandy soil for Hydrometer Analysis is ______.

a) 10 grams
c) 50 grams
b) 25 grams
d) 100 grams

b) Very
If slag is used, the density of coarse aggregate is ______.
a) 30 100 kg/cu. m
c) 1,120 kg/cu. m
b) 150 kg /cu. m
d) 1,400 kg/cu. m

Mass percent loose for fine aggregates when tested in Clay lumps
is _____.
The weight of Clayey or Silty soil for Hydrometer Analysis is ______. a) 0.10
c) 0.80
10 grams
c) 50 grams
b) 0.25
d) 1.0
25 grams
d) 100 grams
_________ is a type of cement which shall be transferred to an
A 25 grams fine grained soil can be dried in about ______.
elevated, air tight and weather proof bins storage.
1 hour
c) 3 hours
a) Portland Cement
c) Bulk Cement
2 hours
d) 4 hours
b) Pozzolan Cemenr
d) None of the above

A 25 grams sandy soil can be dried in about ______.

a) 1 hour
c) 3 hours
b) 2 hours
d) 4 hours



Scales for weighing aggregates and cement shall be accurate

within _____.
a) 0.1%
c) 0.5%
b) 0.25%
d) 1.9%
________ is a type of soil in which most of the soil grains are of the same
a) PoorlyThe minimum thickness of conventional concrete as the surface
c) Gap graded
course in monolithic pavement is _____.
b) Well graded
d) Non of the above
a) 50 mm
c) 100 mm
b) 75 mm
d) 150 mm
The soil grained are force apart by the water added, thus the grain is
reduced, what is the method used?
_____________ determines the resistance of the emulsion to break
a) Lubrication
c) Swelling
when mixed with mineral aggregate.
b) Welting
d) Saturation
a) Viscosity Test
c) Spot test
b) Distillation Test
d) Cement Mixing
Percent passing loose for coarse aggregates when tested for clay lump is
0.1 mass
_____________ is an instrument used for rapid in site
c) 0.8 mass percent
measurement of the structural properties of existing road pavement.
b) 0.25 mass percent
d) 1.0 mass percent
a) Pundit Ultra Sonic Concrete Tester
b) Dynamic Core Penetrometer
The mass percent passing loose for coarse aggregates when tested c)
in Falling Weight Deflectometer
soft fragment is ____.
a) 0.10
c) 3.5
d) Core Test
b) 0.25
d) 1.00


of water shall be uniform and all water should be in the drum by the
How many days does the emulsified asphalt must be tested after end of the _15_ seconds of the mixing period
delivery at temperature 40*F(4.5*C).
a) 10 days
c) 14 days
The time elapsed from the time water is added to the mix until
b) 12 days
d) 16 days
the concrete is deposited at the site shall not exceed _90_ minutes
when concrete is hauled in the truck.
In bituminous mixture asphalt content is 5 8% and 92 - 95%
aggregates, what will be the amount of additives?
When concrete is delivered in truck mixers, additional water may
a) not more than 2%
c) more than 2%
be added to the batch and additional mixing performed to increase
b) not more than 3%
d) more than 4%
the slump to meet the specified requirement if permitted by the
Engineer, provided all these operation are performed within _45_
___________ determines the effect of water on the cohesion of the mixture
minutes after the initial mixing operation and the water and cement
a) Stability Test
c) Distillation
ratio is not exceeded
b) Solubility
d) Immersion-Comprssion Test
Concrete not placed within _90_ minutes from the time the
The distance of the sample by grooving before rotating the brass cup
were charge into the mixing drum should not be use.
The completed pavement shall be accepted on a lot basis. A lot

d) 1
shall be considered as _500_ linear meter double lane


The most common method of assessing strength and stiffness 128.

of both Each lot shall be divided into _5_ equal segment and one core
subgrade and pavement is _______.
will be obtained from each segment in accordance with AASHTO T24.
a) FDT
c) SPT
b) CBR
d)Non of the above
Aggregate account for 92 95% of the weight of the bituminous
mix while asphalts for 5 8% of the weight of the mix. The exact
How many days do the specimen for CBR soaked?
percentage to be used is determine by the _Trial Mix_.
a) 1 day
c) 3 days
b) 2 days
d) 4 days
_Blue smoke_ is an indication that the asphalt is over heated

When mixed at the site or a in central mixing plant, the mixing131.

time shall
The penetrator test is an indication of the _Consistancy_ of the
not be less than _50__ seconds nor more than _90_ seconds unless mixer
performance test prove adequate mixing of the concrete in a shorter time
_Marshall Stability Test_is the most common used method in the
design and evaluation of bituminous concrete mixes
The batches shall be so charged into the drum that a portion of the
mixing water shall enter in advance of the cement and aggregate. The flow



_Extraction Test_ determines the asphalt content in the bituminous

_Cement Mixing Test of Asphalt_ indicate the rate at which the
asphalt emulsion will break when mix with aggregate .


Cast in place concrete shall not be post-tensioned until at least145.

The lost in weight of rock used in gabions when tested to sodium
days and until the compressive strength has reached the strength specified
sulfate, soundness loss shall not exceeds__9%__


This is the characteristic generally used for calculation of the volume

Gabions dimentions are subject to a tolerance limit of _+/- 3%_
occupied by the aggregate in various mixture containing aggregates
including Portland Cement concrete, bituminous concrete, and other
The pour point of concrete joint sealer shall be at least 11*C
mixtures that are proportioned or analyzed on an absolute volume basis.
(20*F) lower than the safe heating temperature, which is the
Answere: Bulk Specific Gravity
maximum temperature to which the material may be heated without
exceeding the permitted flow.
_Apparent Specific Gravity_ pertains to the relative density of the soil
material making up the constituents particle not including the pore148.
space The penetration of concrete joint sealer, Hot Poured Elastic Type
within the particles that is accessible to water.
shall not exceed_90_

Weight of sandy soil needed for Hydrometer test is _100 grams_


The CBR is generally selected at _2.54 mm (0.10 in)_ penetration.


Weight of silty or clayey soil needed for Hydrometer test is _50150.

grams_ If the ratio at 5.08 mm (0.21 in ) penetration is greater, the
should be _Rerun_
These are widely used to control the characteristics of soil which are to
be incorporated in roadway. Ans. Liquid and Plastic Limits
If the check test gives a similar result, the ratio at 5.08 mm
penetration shall be__adopted or used__
This is defined as the highest moisture content of which the mass attains
its minimum volume but continues to lose weight /mass. Ans. Shrinkage
The penetration piston of CBR machine should have a uniform
penetration at a rate of __1.30 mm/min__

_Le Chattelier Flask___ is an apparatus used in determination of153.

specificDuring soaking maintain the water level in the mold and the
gravity of Hydraulic Cement.
soaking tank is approximately __25.40 mm ( 1.0 in )__ above the top
of the specimen
_Autoclave Machine_ is an equipment used in determination of
soundness of Portland Cement
Soak the specimen for _96 hours ( 4days )__

Asphalt shall be homogeneous, free from water, and shall not foam
155. when
The diameter of penetration piston is ____ . Ans. 49.63 +/- 0.23
heated to _175* C(347* F)_
mm ( 1935 cu m )

10 -



The temperature of the asphalt cement delivered to the mixer shall be

as required to achieve a kinetic viscosity in the range of ______. 168.
Laboratory which measures, examines, calibrate or otherwise
Ans. 150 to 300 cu m/s or 150 to 300 centistokes
determine the characteristic or performance materials or products.
Ans.. Testing Laboratory
______ is the viscosity used to grade asphalt cement .
Standard technical procedure to determine one or more specified
149 F ( 60*C )
characteristic of material product is called___. Ans. Test Method
The coarse aggregate used in asphalt mix is ____ . Ans. Retained by
A document which prevents the test results and other information
2.36mm (no 8 sieve)
relevant to test is called _____ Ans.. Test Report
The application temperature of emulsified asphalt range from ____. Ans.
__________ is a document signed by the Director of BRS issued to
Testing laboratory authorizing them to perform the required test in
When the tar is used for seal coats, it shall be heated to free flowingbehalf
but of DPWH. Ans. Certificate of Accreditation
not to exceed ___________. Ans. 149*C
This test have been developed to measure the loss of cohesion as
a result of water action on the compacted bituminous mixture.
_______ is used to determine the soil strength parameter. Ans.
Ans. Film Stripping & Immersion Compression Test
Unconfined and Tri-Axial Compression Test

173. Ans.
This mean porosity or perviousness of the mixture, a dense grade
________ is used to determine the settlement characteristic of soil.
mix prevent water from entering the base through the surface.
Ans.. Permeability
The weight of disturbed samples from hard auger or split spoon shall be
This is used in classifying liquid asphalt into grades. It is useful as
at least__________
Ans. 1.0 kg
a measure to control of consistency, particularly when run at the
temperature of intended application
The undisturbed samples from Shellby Tube shall be at
least______. Ans.. 18 long

This test determines the total bitumen content of a asphaltic

_______ determines the pile bearing capacity by loading one or 175.
materials, which is the actual cementing constituent of the asphalt.
piles and measuring settlement under load. Ans. Pile Load Test
Ans.. Solubility Test
________ determines the in-site shear strength of soft to medium clay.
This is an accelerated test to show the loss of volatiles when the
Ans. Vane Shear Test
sample is heated at 163*C for five hours and the loss due to
_______ determine the soil bearing capacity by loading a steel plate volatilization is determined.
Ans Loss on Heating
usually 30 inches in diameter. Ans. Plate Bearing Test

11 -


This test classifies the different asphalt into types and the different
186. types
The bottom bearing block shall be at least _______ thick after any
into grade.
Ans.. Consistency Test
resurfacing operations..
Ans. 0.9 ( 22.50 mm )


For liquid asphaltic materials, this test is run on the residue after
The curing temperature of a specimen before testing is ______.
Ans.. Quality Test
Ans. 18*C to 24*C


This is one of the most important engineering properties

of soil.The apparatus used to determine the flash point of asphaltic
It is defined as its ability to resist sliding along internal surfacematerial is called ____
Ans. Cleveland Open Cup
within the mass..
Ans.. Shearing Strength of Soil
The asphalt samples for ductility and penetration test should be
subjected to water bath at a temperature of 25*C for ____.
This is an arbitrary measurement of consistency and is the basis of Ans.. 11/2 hours
classification of all solid and semi-solid asphalt.
Ans.. Penetration Test of Asphalt
The concrete shall not be left exposed for more than ____ hour
between stages of curing or during the curing period.
This is a process tomeasure the consistency of liquid asphaltic materials
Ans.. hour
to determine their fluidity or resistance to flow.
Ans.. Viscosity Test
The rate of application of bituminous prime coat is ____.
a) 1-2L/sq. m.
c) 0.2-1.5L/sq. m.
_________ was developed in order to differentiate bituminous materials
b) 0.2-0.7L/sq. m.
d) 0.5-2L/sq. m.
with respect to hardening characteristic.
Ans.. Thin Film Oven Test
Another name for asphalt joint filler is_______.
a) asphalt cement
c) blown asphalt
Plant-mixed bituminous mixtures should be sampled in accordance with
b) rock asphalt
d) cutback asphalt
the Standard Method of Sampling Bituminous Mixture. A sample not less
than ______ kg is taken and place in sample bag that would insure 193.
against In asphalting work, there are _______ phase of rolling
contamination. This is taken every 75 cu m or 130 tons of mix.
a) 2
Ans.. 10 kgs
b) 3
d) 4






The bearing blocks of the compression machine should be

The _____ test determines the asphalt content in the bituminous
least _____ greater than the diameter of the specimen.
a) Grading
Ans.. 3.0 %
b)Bulk Specific Gravity
d) Absorption
The bottom bearing block shall be at least _____ thick when new
Ans. 1.0 ( 22.50 mm )
In a bituminous mix, there are 3 kinds of aggregate. What kind of
passes the no. 200 sieve?

12 -

a) Coarse
b) Fine

c) Mineral Filler
d) Admixture


Liquid asphalt is also called ___________.

a) Cutback asphalt
c) Blown asphalt
b) Emulsion
d) Asphalt cement


The different test for soil classification are:

a) compaction and FDT
b) Hydrometer test and moisture content
c) Grading, LL and PL test







Is it really necessary to cure concrete specimen?

a) Yes
c) No
b) None of the two


The kind of test that determines the consistency of concrete is

a) Slump test
Abrasion test
b) Specific Gravity


What is the dimension of concrete cylindrical sample?

a) 6 dia. And 12 high
c) 8 dia. And 14 high
b) 4 dia and 8 high
The apparatus/equipment used in the liquid limit and plastic limit test is
called___ .
a) sieves and chisel
c) mortar
In the absence of concrete beam mold at the project site, are
b) Atterberg Device
concrete cylindrical molds allowed by the specification to be used in
and glass plate
sampler for item 311 PCCP?
a) Yes
b) may be
_________ is a method of laboratory sampling.
c) No
a) Mixing
c) Proportioning
b) Using mechanical splitter/quartering
The minimum percent compaction for embankment is _______.
a) 92%
c) 95%
In laboratory compaction test/moisture density relation test, what is c)
specification of rammer?
a) 5.5 lb. (2.5 kg) with 12 in drop c) 10 lb. (4.5 kg) in weight with208.
18 in
The minimum percent compaction for base of the road is ______.
b) 8 lb. (3.6 kg) in weight with 16 in drop
a) 100%
c) 105%
What is the specification of mass present passing in sieve 0.075 mm (No.
200 ) grading A for aggregate base course.
The CBR value of aggregate base course is not less than ____.
a) 20-14
c) 0 6
a) 80%
b) 90%
b) 0 12
c) 85%
The number of specimen samples in testing concrete hollow block
The CBR value of aggregate subbase course is not less than ____.
a) 6 a) 25%
pcs./20,000 units (3 for absorption test and 3 for strength test )
c) 30%
b) 4 pcs./20,000 units
c) 8 pcs./20,000 units
The minimum compressive strength for class A concrete is
a) 3,000 psi. ( 20.7 MN/sq.

13 -

2,400 psi. ( 16.7 MN/sq. m. )
c) 5,000 psi. ( 37.7 MN/sq. m. )


The solvent used in extraction of bitumen is _____.
a) Diesel oil
b) Gasoline
c) Water


What is the significance of determination of the tensile properties

The percent of bitumen content is computed based on ______.
reinforcing steel bars?
a) This method is intended to determine the
a) mass of raw sample
b) mass of dry aggregate
yield and tensile strength of the bar as well as its elongation, and is used
of asphalt
classify the bars into grade
This method is intended to evaluate the ductile properties of the reinforcing
The method used to determine the grading of aggregate
c) None of the above
extracted from bituminous mixture is ____.
a) Mechanical analysis of extracted aggregate
A tie bar should be ______
b) Stability Test
a) deformed bar
b) round bar
c) flat bar
c) Viscosity

A dowel bar should be ____________.

a) deformed bar
b) round bar
The mortar for masonry shall consist of ________.
a) one part Portland Cement and 2 parts of sand
b) one part Portland Cement and 3 parts of sand
c) one part Portland Cement and 4 parts of sand

c) flat bar

The drying temperature of sample is ________

a) 110 +/- 5*C
b) 100 +/- 5*C

_______ is a solid asphalt which is a basic constituent of all other

asphalt called as hot asphalt or penetration grade asphalt.
a) Asphalt Cement
b) Emulsified Asphalt
c) Cutback Asphalt
The apparatus used to measure the thickness or height of compacted
bituminous paving mixture.
________ is a kind of liquid asphalt which is a mixture of asphalt
a) Ruler
b) Vernier Califer
c) Steel Tape
cement and kerosene.
a) Medium Curing Cutback
It is used in calculating the unit weight of the mixture and the degree
Asphalt Cement
compaction of the asphalt pavement.
c) Rapid Curing Cutback
a) Bulk Specific Gravity of compacted bituminous mixtures using saturated
surface dry specimen.
________ is a kind of liquid asphalt which is a mixture of asphalt
b) Dry unit weight of compacted bituminous mixtures
cement and oil.
a) Slow Curing Cutback
c) Mass of specimen in water
b) Emulsified Asphalt
c) Blown Asphalt
The test which covers the quantitative determination of bitumen in hotmixed paving mixtures and pavement samples for specification acceptance,
________ is a kind of liquid asphalt which is a mixture of asphalt
service evaluation, control and research.
a) Extraction
cement and gasoline
a) rapid Curing Cutback
b) Spot Test
Flash Point

14 -

b) Blown Asphalt
c) Joint Filler








An apparatus used to determine the specific gravity of asphalt is

called ______.
a) Metal Pycnometer
Glass Pycnometer
c) any bottle

Asphalt is defined as _________.

a) A petroleum product
Consistency test for asphalt is called___________.
b) A dark brown to black cementitious materials whose consistency range
a) Viscosity
b) Slump test
from solid to semi-solid and whose main constituent is called bitumen which
Loss in ting
is either found in nature or as a residue in petroleum refining.
c) None of the above
A process of volatilization test which measures the relative
proportion of asphalt to oil.
a) Distillation
It is a kind of liquid asphalt which is a mixture of asphalt cement andb) Extraction
c)Float Test
water with emulsified with pungent odor.
a) Emulsified Asphalt
b) Asphalt Cement
c) Rapid
CuringIt is a period wherein the asphalt begins to melt.
a) Softening Point
b)Boiling Point
c)Fire Point
Joint filler in concrete pavement is a __________.
a) Blown Asphalt
b) Hot asphalt
c) Liquid
The sampling requirement of asphalt is _____ .
a) 1 sample for every 200 drums or 40 metric tons
b) 1 sample for every 100 drums
A device used to measure the relative hardness of asphalt is __________.
c) 1 sample for every shipment
a) Penetrometer
b) Spectometer
c) Vicat
The component of bituminous mixes which range from 92 to 96%
is called __________.
a) Bituminous Blended Aggregate
A property of asphalt cement to stretch without breaking is
b) Concrete Aggregate
a) Ductility
c) Sand
____________ is a property of bituminous mixes in pavement to
It is a point where the volatile components of asphalt will evaporate.resist deformation or displacement due to impose load or repeated
a) Fire Point
b) Flash Point
c) Center
a) Stability
It determines whether asphalt is over heated or not during the 241.
process of
____________ is a property of bituminous mixes in pavement to
a) Spot Test
b) Boil Test
resist disintegration or deterioration due to the action of water, traffic
c) Extraction Test
and changing climate
a) Durability
b) Flexibility

15 -


____________ is a property of bituminous mixes in pavement adjust itself

to settlement
a) Flexibility
b) Rigidity
The rate of application of prime coating using cutback asphalt is
a) 1-2 liters/sq. m
0.5-1 liter/ sq. m
c) 2-3 liters/sq. m
These are the factor affecting the workability of bituminous mixes
a) Gradation of aggregate, quality of asphalt, and temperature of mix
The rate of application of tack coating using liquid or emulsified
b) Surface texture and temperature mix
asphalt is __________.
c) Quantity of aggregates and asphalt content
a) 0.2-0.7 li/sq.m
b) 0.1-0.5 li/sq. m
c) 2 li/sq. m.

The dry molded asphalt sample in the immersion compression 252.

test is The rate of application of seal coat using asphalt cement is
submerged in water for ____.
a) 0.9-1.8 li/sq. m
a) 4 days
b) 4 hours
c) 2 days
b) 10-11 li/sq. m
c) 8-9 li/sq. m


The percent index retention is computed in the formula ___________.

The rate of application of seal coat using cutback asphalt is
a) Wet Stability/Dry Stability x 100
a) 1.5-3.0li/sq. m
b) Dry Stability/Wet Stability x 100
b) 2.0-3.0 li/sq. m
c) 1-2 li/sq .m
c) Wet Stability Dry Stability/Dry Stability x 100
The primary quality control mechanism for the production of
The sampling requirement of bituminous mixes is _____.
asphalt mies with high degree of uniformity that will satisfy job
a) 1 sample for every 75 cu. m.
requirement is ________________.
b) 1 sample for every 150 cu. m.
a) Job mix formula
b) Quality control formula
c) Assurance
c) 1 sample per delivery per day
The objective of designing the asphalt mixture is determination of
The application of liquid asphaltic material on a prepared untreated ______.
a) Type and grade of asphalt,
is _____.
a) Prime
proportion of coarse, fine and mineral filler, if used and asphalt
b) Seal Coating
b) To produce a desirable characteristic of pavement which are
c) Tack Coating
stable, durable, flexible and skid resistance.
C) All of the above
The application of liquid asphaltic material to an existing surface is ____ .
a) Tack Coating
c) Prime Coating
The percent asphalt content in hot laid bituminous mixture range
b) Seal Coating
from ______
a) 5-8%
b) 4-6%
c) 5-10%
The application of asphaltic material and aggregate to an existing
surface for the purpose of sealing it against the infiltration of water
The placing temperature for bituminous mixture measured in the
surface moisture is called ____
a) Seal Coating
truck prior to dumping is ______.
b) Tack Coating
c) Prime Coating
a) at least 107*C
b) at least 120*C
c) at least 150*C





16 -






The second phase of rolling the spread bituminous mixture is called

The wearing away of the pavement surface caused by the
breakdown rolling which is the one responsible to attain the maximum dislodging of aggregate particle is called ______________.
density. This rolling is carried out by the use of ______.
a) raveling
b) alligator crack
c) rutting
a) pneumatic roller
b) steel roller
c) sheepfoot roller
Interconnected cracks forming a series of small blocks resembling
The significance of final rolling is to remove the roller marks to previous
an alligators skin or chicken wire is called ____________.
rolling in order to have a good finish pavement with a temperature of 160*F.
a) alligator cracking
b) reflection cracking
c) bleeding
a) True
b) False
c) Maybe
__________ is the type of cement to be used in the DPWH
The proper way of rolling should begin at _____________________.
infrastructure project as indicated in the Blue Book.
a) the sides and proceeds longitudinally towards the roads center, eacha)
Portland Cement Type I b) Pozzolan Cement
overlapping on half the roller width, gradually progressing the crown of Cement
Type II
b) the
center and proceeding longitudinally toward the side of the road 269.
If the fine aggregates are subjected to five cycles of sodium
c) any part of the road provided each strip overlapping on half the rollersulfate soundness test, the weighted loss shall not exceed
10 mass percent
b) 5 mass percent
c) 3 mass
What is the minimum degree of compaction of asphalt pavement? percent
a) not lee than 97% of the density of the laboratory compacted specimen
b) not less than 100% of the density of the laboratory compacted specimen
If the coarse aggregate are subjected to five cycles of sodium
c) not less than 85% of the density of the laboratory compacted specimen
sulfate soundness test, the weighted loss shall not
What is the color of asphalt when it is overcook?
a) 12 mass percent
b) 15 mass percent
10 mass
a) yellowish brown
b) black


_____________ determines the thickness and density of compacted

The mass percent of wear of coarse aggregates for item 311
a) Core testwhen tested by AASHTO 96 is not greater than ____________.
b) FDT
c) X-ray
a) 40%
b) 45%
c) 50%


The cored sample of asphalt pavement is measured at ______________.

The design of concrete mix specified by the blue book is based on
a) approximately quarter points
b) three points
Absolute Volume Method
b) Area Method c) American Method
c) two points


Too much asphalt content in the bituminous mixes causes ____________ .

a) bleeding
b) potholes
c) cracks

17 -








The minimum flexural strength requirement of beam sample when b) Sieve No. 200
tested by third point loading method is ____________.
c) Gillmore
a) 3.5 Mpa
b) 3.8 Mpa
c) 4.0 Mpa
A mixture of cement and water is called ____________.
The minimum flexural strength requirement of beam sample when a) cement paste
b) mortar paste
tested by midpoint method is ____________.
concrete paste
a) 4.5 Mpa
b) 3.5 Mpa
c) 5.0 Mpa
The apparatus used to determine the initial and final setting of
____________ are additives used in mixing concrete.
cement in the laboratory is _________.
a) sodium chloride
b) admixtures
c) curing agent
a) Gillmore needles
b) Bailey needle
c) Vicat
____________ determines the consistency of concrete.
a) Slump Test
b) consolidation test
c) viscosity
The compressive strength of cement mortar sample in seven
days is not less than _________.
a) 19.3 MN/sq. m
Equipment used in the consolidation of fresh concrete.
b) 20 MN/sq. m
c) 24 MN/sq. m
a) jack hammer
b) vibrator
c) drilling
What is the appearance of the molded cement paste which fails
to meet the autoclave expansion.______________.
The prescribed forms to be used in concrete paving is called ____________
a) crumble
b) shiny
c) changes color
a) steel forms
b) wooden
c) combination of
steel and wood
The dimension of beam sample for paving concrete is ___________.
a) 6 x 6 x 21
b) 6 x 6 x 24
c) 4 x 4
The initial setting time of Portland cement is not less than
a) 30
b) 60 min.
c) 90 min. 288.
The critical number of days of curing concrete is ____________.
a) first seven days
b) first 10 days
c) 28 days
The final setting time of Portland cement Type I is _____________.
a) 10 hrs.
b) 24 hrs.
c) 36 hrs.
The standard dimension of concrete cylindrical sample is
a) 6 dia. and 12 tall
The standard sand used in testing the mortar strength of Portland 6 dia. and 6 tall
c) 6 dia. and 8 tall
cement is called __________.
a) Ottawa Sand
b) Beach Sand
c) River Sand
There are two layers in performing sampling of beam samples.
How many number of blows are required per layer?
The apparatus used in determining the fineness of Portland cement a)
by 63 blows
b) 75 blows
c) 50 blows
air permeability is __________ .
a) Blaine Air Permeability Apparatus

18 -


There are three layers in performing sampling of concrete cylinder. How

one ( 1 ) set
b) two ( 2 ) sets
many blows are required per layer?
three ( 3 ) sets
a) 25 blows
b) 30 blows
c ) 35 blows
In a completed pavement, what is the minimum core samples
The formula which determines the proportion of the mix which can meet
required before payment is effected? (Assuming that the thickness is
the desired strength requirement of concrete is called____________.
23 cm. )
a) Five
a) design of concrete mix
b) Boyles Formula
c) Bernoulis holes per km per lane
b) One hole per 500m
c) P.E.

The minimum testing requirement for every project is indicated300.

in a duly
In a Barangay road, what is the minimum requirement for
a) Quality Control Program
thickness determination of its completed pavement?
b) Program of Work
a) Five holes per km per lane
b) P.E. Certificate
c) Work Schedule
One hole



It is prescribed in each project based on estimated quantities and

A qulity test is one of the minimum requirement for item 200
specifies the kind and number of test for each item of work.
aggregate subbase course.
a) True
a) Minimum number of work
b) Minimum Testing Requirement
c) Work Schedule
There is no CBR test for item 300 aggregate surface course.
a) True
b) False
c) optional
Embankment materials delivered at the job site was about 12,000 cu. m.
The minimum test requirement calls for 1 G, P, C for every 1,500303.
cu. m. In item 311 and 405, grading is perform _______________.
a) 10 G, P, C
b) 8 G, P, C
c) 6 G, P, C
a) for every 75 cu. m.
b) for every 300 cu. m.
of There is 1 Q cement required for every _________________.
c) none
a) 4,000 bags or fraction thereof
b) 2,000 bags or fraction thereof
For pipe culverts and storm drains, the minimum test is 1 Pipe
c) 10,000 bags
for every 50 pipes. What is the alternative requirement?
a) 1 set consisting of 3 concrete cylinder samples for not more than
There is Q of cement required for every ____________________.
25 pipes cast in the field and 1 inspection report for each size for
a) 20,000 kg or fraction thereof
not more than 25 pipes cast in the field.
b) 10,000 kg or fraction thereof
b) inspection report is enough
c)115,000 kg or fraction thereof
c) Mill Certificate

How many set of beam samples taken for every 75 cu. m. of concrete
The minimum test requirement for paint is ______________.
poured per day?
a) 1 sample for every 100 cans or fraction thereof

19 -

b) 1 sample for every 50 cans or fraction thereof

c) Mill Certificate


Peat and muck are ______________.

a) fair subgrade spoil
b) stable soil

c) unstable soil
d) good subgrade soil


The minimum test requirement for water used in concrete for a

questionable source is ______.
313. a) The slump test on concrete is a measure ______________
P.E. Certificate
b) 1 Quality Test
c)a) strength
c) consistency
Inspection Report
b) unit weight
d) durability


Based on the maximum dry density obtained by laboratory test,

The fineness modulus is highest of _________________.
degree of compaction required for aggregate subbase should be at leasta) fine sand
c) very coarse sand
a) 95%
b) very fine sand
d) coarse sand
c) 100%
d) none of the above
If concrete is continuously moist cured, it will gain strength
beyond 180 days.
Per our present Specification for Highways and Bridges including
a) True
c) it depends on curing temperature
amendments, it is mandatory to open PCCP to traffic not later than
b) False
a) 7
days after pouring
b) 21 days after pouring
The quality of paying concrete is usually measured by its
c) 14 days after pouring
d) 28 days after pouring
a) compressive
c) flexural
In casting reinforced concrete railings, the concrete used is
b) tensile
d) bond strength
a) Class
c) Class C1
Generally speaking, batching of concrete aggregates by volume
b) Class A2
d) any of the preceding classes
is preferable than weight.
a) True
c) False
For efficient compaction, the embankment materials should at the time
b) they are the same
of rolling be ______.
c) at optimum moisture content
If angular coarse aggregate is used in a concrete mix, it will
b) wet
d) at maximum moisture content
require more ________________
a) water
c) water and fine aggregates
For a road base course the most preferable material is one with CBRb)
offine aggregates
d) neither a and b
a) 60
c) 50
b) 30 The most favorable period for curing concrete is ______________.
d) 80
a) during the first few days or week
b) after 3 days
c) after one week
d) before 28 days





20 -






a) 4
c) 6
Lower water content ratio in concrete mixes improves ________________.
b) 5
d) 7
a) strength
c) water tightness
b) durability
d) all of the preceding
What is the correct proportion for concrete masonry work?
a) 1: 2
c) 1: 4
When concrete must be placed in a sloping surface, placing should start
b) 1: 3
d) 1 : 5
at the __________.
a) bottom
c) can be top or
b) top
The opening of No. 4 sieve is bigger than the opening of a
a) true
The maximum percent abrasion loss allowed for concrete coarse
c) they are the same
aggregate is __________.
a) 30%
c) 45%
b) 40%
d) 50%
The standard compaction test on predominantly fine grained soils
is performed on soil fraction passing sieve no. ___________.
The plasticity index of aggregate base course should be not greater a)
c) 16
a) 6
b) 40
d) 4
b) 8
d) 12
Which plasticity index would you prefer for the base course of
In casting of reinforced concrete pile, the concrete used is ____________.
a) less than 6
a) A1
c) C1
c) 10 to 12
b) D
d) C2
6 to 9
d) more than 12


The natural water content of highly organic soil is __________. 333.

A soil which is classified A-7 by the highway research board
a) less than 20
c) between 50 and 100
method will have a subgrade rating of __________.
b) between 20 and 50
d) more than 100%
a) excellent
c) fair
b) good
d) poor
Which of the following dead load is equivalent for loose sand, earth and
gravel fill?
a) 2,403The empirical number used in design is ____________.
tons/cu. m.
c) 1,603 tons/cu. m.
a) plasticity index
b) group index
b) 1,922 tons/cu. m.
d) 2,150 tons/cu. m.
c) both of the preceding

Rate of application for curing compound is _______________.

a) 0.30 li/sq. m.
c) 0.15 li/sq. m.
b) 0.20 li/sq. m.
d) 0.10 li/sq. m.



During coring of completed pavement, how many cores /km/lane

Water content of soil is generally base on ____________.
required as per specification?
a) total weight of soil
c) weight of solids
b) total volume of soil
d) unit weight test

21 -

Soil is fully saturated at optimum moisture content.

a) true
b) false
c) it depends on
void ratio


Optimum water content of soil is determined by ______________.345.

Soil is fully saturated if the water content is ______________.
a) field density test
c) compaction test
a) at optimum amount
c) more than 100&%
b) liquid limit test
d) unit weight test
b) 100%
d) none of the peceeding


The particle size distribution of soil is determined by __________________.

The density to which a soil can be compacted is related to
a) liquid limit granular
c) sieve analysis test
a) compactive effort
b) plastic limit test
d) any of the preceding test
c) both a and b
water content
d) neither a or b
Which of the following are most suitable for construction of highway
Specification require 1 quality test every ___________ of asphalt
c) plastic
a) 40 ton
b) fine- grained
d) clayey
c) 50 tons
b) 130 tons
d) 150 tons
The particle size distribution of sandy gravel is determined by ________.
a) hydrometer test
c) dilantacy test
All asphalt are _______, they became harder as temperature
b) sieve test
d) any of the preceding test
decreases and softer as their temperature increases.
a) thermoplastic
c) brittle
The best soil for a road subgrade would behave a group index of
b) hyrophobic
d) none of the above
a) less than
c) 11 to 15
The viscosity of the asphalt during mixing and lay down is
b) 5 to 10
d) 16 to 20
a) viscosity at 135*C
c) viscosity at 60*C
The highest moisture content in the plastic state of fine grained soil viscosity
at 125*C
d) viscosity at 163*C
the ___________.
a) liquid limit
b) plastic limit
The trial section for compaction for each type of fill materials and
Which of the following is characterizes unsuitable materials?
type of equipment to be used in the work should have an area
a) soil with liquid limit exceeding 80
b) plasticity index exceeding 55
500 sq. m.
c) 600 sq. m.
c) soil with natural water content exceeding 100%
b) 335 sq. m.
d) 400 sq. m.
d) all of the above
Control slip shall have an area of approximately ____________.
Shringkage factor test is _______________.
a) 500 sq. m.
c) 600 sq. m.
a) test to determine pay volume
b) 335 sq. m.
d) 400 sq. m.
b) test to determine strength characteristic
c) test to determine volume change
Fine aggregate used in asphalt mix is the one ________________.
d) test to determine maximum density
a) passing the no. 8 sieve






22 -

b) passing the no. 30 sieve

c) passing the no. 200 sieve
d) returned the no. 8 sieve

The corrugation produce by brooming is _____________.

a) 1.5 mm.
c) 2.5 mm.
b) 2.0 mm.
d) 1.0 mm.


The higher the ________, the lower the penetration.

a) specific gravity
c) durability
b) viscosity
d) solubility






a) 60%
b) 55%

c) 50%
d) 70%

In DPWH Contract Projects, Quality Control is the sole

responsibility of ___________.
a) the DPWH project personnel
b) the governments Materials Engineer
c) the Contractor


As Materials Engineer, when is the right time to start sampling

and testing of materials to be incorporated into the work?
a) before final payment
b) before start of work items
The required thickness of the thermoplastic paint in PCCP is __________.
c) before first partial payment
a) 3.2 to 4.8 mm.
c) 3.3 to 3.8 mm.
b) 3.0 to 4.5 mm.
d) 3.2 to 4.0 mm
The Spot Test on asphalt is used to determine what?
a) cleanliness
c) safe working
What percent of hydrated lime shall be added to the mixture during temperature
b)overheating during
mixing operation of asphalt mix?
d) viscosity of the mix
a) 0.5 to 1.0 mass %
c) 0.75 to 1.2 mass %
b) 1.0 to 1.5 mass %
d) 0.2 to 0.7 mass %
Under what climate conditions do we use higher penetration
grade asphalt cement?
a) hot climate
As Materials Engineer, what would you recommend in order to checkc)the
cold climate
suitability and efficiency of the equipment to used prior to subbase
rainy weather
d) none of the above
construction for item 310, Bituminous Concrete Surface Course?
a) make a trial section
c) make trial mix
What is the basis for rejection or acceptance of any construction
b) establish control strips
d) none of the above
a) Certificate of Billing
c) Statement of work accomplished
Quality of factor produced reinforced concrete pipes may be best Materials Test Report
d) none of the abcve
established through what?
compressive strength test
Initial rolling of bituminous mixes shall be performed with a ______
b) flexural strength test
a) vibrator
c) core test
d) crushing strength test
b) pneumatic
d) none of the above
Result of Immersion Compression test conducted on a bituminous
366. mixIn abituminous mix sample, what is the % of asphalt by a) weight
sample are as follow: Dry stability + 2,000 Kpa, Wet stability = 1,000 Kpa,
of aggregate and by b) weight of mix? Given the following data:
What is the resulting Index of Retained Strength?
Weight of dry aggregates (after extraction) = 950 grams: Weight of

23 -

Mix = 1010.
A. a) 6.32%
B. a) 5.50%




b) penetration grade and quantity of asphalt

d) none of the above c) density and compaction of completed pavement
d) 5.94%
In asphalt pavement construction, how is the surface level of the
What grade of asphalt has a penetration grade of 0 30?
completed pavement check?
a) by T core test
b) by
a) emulsified asphalt
c) blown asphalt
density test
c) by the use of 3 meter straight edge
b) asphalt cement
d) none of the above
What primarily influence the grade of asphalt to be selected?
Problems regarding quality of construction materials shall be reported
a) penetration
c) climate
directly by the Contractors Materials Engineer to the ____________.
b) class of aggregate
d) temperature
a) DPWH Materials Engineer
c) Contractors Project Engineer
b) Contractor
d) none of the above
Who will approve the Job Mix Formula?
a) DPWH Project/Materials Engineer
If the RC pipes in the forgoing problem is not cast in the field, how many
b) Contractor
pipes will be required to be subjected to the Crushing Strength test?
c) Contractors Materials Engineer
a) 75 pcs.
b) 70 pcs.
c) 100 pcs
What control during the mixing and compaction of the bituminous
How many concrete cylinder samples are required for 3,500 pcs. of pavement is of great significance in the resulting pavement?
reinforced concrete pipes?
a) 14 sets of 3
c) 75 sets of
a) 3
c) grading of aggregates
b) 140 sets of 3
d) none of the above
b) density
d) temperature
b) 6.32%

c) 6.0%
c) 6.0%


What is the bitumen obtained from the distillation coal or wood?

In asphalt pavement construction, there are three phases of
a) rock asphalt
c) emulsion
rolling; what kind of roller is required to be used for the final
b) tar
d) none of the above
compaction and smoothing?
a) pneumatic roller b) sheepfoot roller c) tandem- smooth wheeled
How do you reduce the viscosity of Medium Curing Cutback Asphalt?
By mixing it with _______.
a) gasoline
c) kerosene
What is the maximum speed of the roller in compaction of asphalt
b) diesel
d) emulsion
a) 4 kph
c) 8
What establish the exact percent of aggregates and asphalt content5inkph
d) 6 kph
bituminous mix _______.
a) design mix
c) job mix formula
What shall be checked after final rolling?
b) job order
d) extraction formula
a) degree of compaction
b) optimum asphalt content
quantity of aggregates
What greatly influence the serviceability of an asphalt pavement?
a) quality of aggregates and climate

24 -





When is the completed asphalt pavement opened to traffic? 391.

For 250 gallons of Reflectorized Traffic Paint, how many samples
a) when the asphalt has cooled to atmospheric temperature
are required to be submitted for Quality Testing?
b) when the asphalt has cooled to +/- 10*C of the spreading temperature
a) 3 samples
b) 2 samples
c) 4 samples
c) when asphalt is still hot
The bituminous mix should have a mass % of air voids within the
The apparatus used in determining the consistency of asphalt cement
is of __________.
a) 2 to 3%
b) 1 to 4%
a) penetrometer
b) viscometer
c) 3 to 5%
Traffic paint shall be applied to the pavement at the rate of 0.33
How is the consistency of liquid asphalt determined?
li/sq. m. and shall dry sufficiently to be free it from cracking from
a) viscometer
b) Tag open cup
c) penetrometer
Ans. 150to 30
The Optimum Asphalt Content obtained in Marshall Stability Test is the
average asphalt content of the Maximum Stability, Maximum Bulk 394.
Specific This is the only class of riprap that may consist of round natural
Gravity, and _________________. a) 4% Air Voids
b) 2 mm flow stones.
Ans.. Class A Riprap
c) 5% mineral content
The surface of riprap shall not vary from the theoretical surface
What test determines the safe working temperature of the asphalt? by more than _________ mm. ay any point.
a) Ductility test
b) Flash Point Test
c) Stability Test
Ans.. 100 mm.


_________________ are usually tested for extraction.

Fine aggregates of masonry shall all passes the ________ mm.
a) Asphalt Mixes
b) emulsions
c) asphalt cement sieve.
Ans.. 2.36 mm (No. 8 sieve )


Steel bars for the concrete reinforcement are tested for their __________
Mortar that is not used within ______ minutes after the water has
a) tensile and bending
b) compressive
been added shall be discarded.
c) crushing
Ans. 90 minutes


What method is used in determining the strength of concrete pipes?

Maximum projection of rock faces beyond the pitch lines shall not
a) third point loading method
be more than _____.
Ans.. 50 mm.
b) center point loading method
c) three edge bearing method
In hot or dry weather, the masonry shall be satisfactory protected
from the sun and shall be kept wet for a period at least _________
How many units shall be tested for strength, moisture and absorption
in completion.
a lot of 120,000 CHB
Ans.. 18 units
Three ( 3 ) days

25 -









For pavement markings, the composition of white paint shall be _______

pigment and ______% of vehicle
Expansion joint filler having a nominal thickness of less than
Ans.. 42 45 % pigment
53 55% vehicle
________ mm. shall not be subject to a requirement for compaction.
Ans.. 13 mm.
The composition of yellow paint shall be _______ pigment and ______
Ans.. 23% pigment and 77% vehicle
Strip of the joint filler that do not conform to the specified
dimension within the permissible variation of ______ mm. thickness
The __________ material shall be of such quality that it will not darken________
in depth shall be reflected.
become yellow when a thin section is exposed to sunlight.
Ans. +/- 1.6 to 0 thickness ;
+/- 3mm. in depth
Ans.. Non volatile material
These are finely divided residue that result from the combustion
___________ consist of beads of good quality, optically clear, lead freeof ground or powdered coal.
Ans. Fly Ash
glass with not less than 90% reasonably spherical and free from flows.
Ans. Ballotini for reflective road paint
A light spray application of asphalt to an existing pavement as a
seal to inhibit raveling, or seal the surface or both.
___________ is a reflector which shall be the short base type having aAns.. Fog Seal
maximum base area of 180 mm x 140 mm.
Ans. Flash surface reflective stud
A light application of bituminous material for the express purpose
of laying and bonding loose dust.
The pads shall be highly resilient and durable rubber reinforced withAns.. Dust Binder
canvas and shall have a design life of at least ____________.
Ans. Five ( 5 ) years
The aggregate that is graded from the maximum size, down to
and including filler, with the object of obtaining a bituminous mix
The reflectors shall have the minimum specific intensity value expressed
with a controlled void content and high stability is called.
as ______ of illumination.
Dense graded aggregate
Ans.. Candle power per foot candle
The bituminous material used to fill and seal cracks in existing
The reflector shall support a vertical load of _____ when tested.
pavement is called______.
Ans. Crack filler
Ans. 10 KN
The application of sprayed bituminous coatings not involving the
When raised profile type reflector are specified the approved _______
use of aggregate is called_____.
epoxy adhesive shall be used .
Ans. Bituminous application
Ans. Two ( 2 ) parts
A mixture of bituminous material and mineral aggregate usually
Expansion joint filler having a nominal thickness of less than ________prepared in a conventional hot mix plant or drum mixer at a
mm. shall not be subject to a requirement for water absorption.
temperature of not more than ______ and spread and compacted at
Ans. 9.5 mm

26 -

the job site at a temperature above _______.

Ans. 260*F (127*C)/200*F (93*C)


__________ is a combination of bituminous material and mineral

aggregate applied at ambient temperature for use in patching holes,
depression and distress area in existing pavement.
__________ is an application of low viscosity bituminous material to an
Maintenance Mix
absorptive surface designed to penetrate, bond, and stabilize this existing
surface and to promote adhesion between it and the new super-impose
__________ is a pavement construction using essentially one-size
Ans. Prime
aggregate which penetrated in place by an application of high
viscosity bituminous material followed by an application of smaller
size course aggregate and thoroughly rolled,
A uniform application of a mixture of emulsified asphalt, fine aggregate,
Ans. Penetration Macadam
mineral filler, and water to an existing pavement , single or multiple
application may be used.
Ans. Slurry Seal
The glass beads used in traffic paint shall have a minimum of
______ % true spheres.
Ans. 70%
_____________ is an application of bituminous material applied for an
existing, relatively non-absorbent surface to provide a thorough bond
The glass beads shall have a minimum refractive index of ______ .
between old and new surfacing.
Ans. Tack Coat
Ans. 1.50

____________ is a bituminous aggregate application to any type 430.

of road or
The white thermoplastic material shall not exceed a yellowish
pavement surface for the purpose of providing a wearing course, or surface
index of ______.
Ans. 0.12
seal or both.
Treatment and Seals
The thermoplastic material shall have a maximum percent
residue of _____ after heating at 8 +/- 0.5 hours at 218 +/- 2*C
___________ is a bituminous-sand application to an existing pavementAns.
to 28%
seal the surface and to function as a light wearing course.
Ans. Sand Seal
The softening point of thermoplastic paint should be _______.
Ans. 102.5+/-9.5*C
___________ is a spray application of bituminous material used to
temporarily stabilize a recently seeded area. The bituminous material
433.can be
What kind of water shall be used in laboratory test especially if it
applied to the soil or to a straw or hay mulch as a tie down.
deals with chemical?
Ans. Distilled Water
Ans. Mulch treatment
Liquid limit brass cup with a sample is raised and allowed to drop
___________ is a combination of bituminous material and aggregate that
is on the base through a height of what?
physically mixed by mechanical means, spread on the job site and
Ans. 10 mm.
Ans. Bituminous
Aggregate Mixtures
How many rotation per second will the crank of a liquid limit
device be rotated?
Ans. 2 rotation per seconds

27 -


What is the required size of calibrated sand used for FDT ?

b) cause of reduction in ultimate strength of concrete
Ans. Any clean, dry, free- flowing, uncemented and passing # 10 and c) induce corrosion of R.S.B
retained # 200 sieve
d) b and c


What is the degree of compaction of soil having a maximum dry

densityIf the soil is properly compacted at MDD it will __________.
of 2,250 kg/cu. m. and wet density of soil from hole is equivalent to 2,335
a) increase stability/strength
kg/cu. m. and average moisture content of 8.85%?
b) minimize future settlement
Ans. % degree of compaction = (dry density/Max. dry density ) x 100 c) decrease permeability
= [2,335/(1+8.85/100)] / 2,250 x 100
d) all of the above
= ( 2,145.15/2,250 ) x 100
= 9.34%
Asphalt construction, compaction must be completed before the
mixture cools to _______.
What is the standard diameter of an orifice in FDT sand cone?
a) 165*F ( 60*C )
c) 185*F ( 71*C )
Ans. ( 12.7 mm )
b) 175*F ( 65*C )
d) 195*F ( 76*C )





Soil properties can be improved by ____________.

Which contractor are required by DPWH to own the minimum
a) Adequate compaction
c) Maximizing water contentmaterial testing equipment for pre-qualification purposes?
b) Additional binder
d) Stabilization
a) small
c) large
b) medium
d) all of the above
As construction progresses, you noticed that the materials delivered at
the project site are different from the one tested and passed the 447.
As percent asphalt increases in Marshall stability test, the % Air
requirement, as Materials Engineer what would you do?
a) increases
c) remains
a) Authorize the use of the materials
b) Conduct immediate retesting of the materials for verification purposes
d) a or b
c) Reject materials
d) Replace the materials
The aggregate component contribute to shear strength and
stability of bituminous mixture . The desirable shape and surface
What is the test criteria for RCPC test with three ( 3 ) Edge Bearing Test?
texture of aggregate is _________.
a) 0.3 mm.
c) 0.5 mm.
a) round and smooth surface
c) round and rough
b) 0.4 mm.
d) 0.6 mm.
b) angular and smooth surface
d) angular and rough texture
The Immersion Compression test is prepared to determine_________.
a) ductility
c) stability
You can classify a soil sample in accordance to AASHTO through
b) solubility
d) flexibility
a) Grain size analysis
c) both a and b
b) Atterberg
The use of sea water in reinforced concrete is not allowed due to
d) none of the above
a) no effect

28 -






Who should take samples of materials and bring them to the laboratory
In what item of work emulsified asphalt and cut back asphalt
for acceptance purposes?
a) Tack Coat
a) DPWH Materials Engineer
c) Contractors Project Engineerc) Seal Coat
b) Contractors Materials Engineer
d) DPWH Project Engineer
Prime Coat
d) Bituminous Surface Course HotLaid
How do you determine the diameter of RSB?
a) by Vernier Caliper
b) by unit weight
What is the boundary between Coarse and Fine aggregates used
in concreting.
a) passing No. 3/8 sieve
Cement which has been in storage for so long period that there is c) passing No. 6 sieve
already doubt as to its quality should be _____________.
passing No. 4 sieve
d) passing No. 8 sieve
a) retested prior to use
c) authorized to use
b) not to used
The purpose of trial section is to check ___________________.
a) the suitability of materials
In abrasion test, a sample of 5,000 grams was subjected to abrasion,b)athe efficiency of the equipment
2,000 grams sample was retained in no. 12 sieve after washing, what isc)
the construction method proposed to be used
abrasion loss?
a) 50
d) all of the above
c) 60
b) 40
d) 30
In FDT, the volume of hole is determined by what?
a) Sand to fill hole over unit weight of dry sand
Different brand of cement should not be allowed because _____________.
b) Total material taken from hole over volume of hole
a) different in texture
c) varies in strength
c) Wet unit weight over 1 + MC/100
b) different in color when dried
d) Dry unit weight over MDD x 100
An apparatus used for field density test is called ___________.
a) Sand cone
c) Nuclear density meter
b) Rubber balloon
d) all of the above



What is the average compressive strength of the load bearing

concrete hollow blocks?
a) 1,000 psi
c) 600 psi
b) 800 psi
d) 1,200 psi

Thickness tolerance in the construction of sub- base course is

a) +/- 10 mm.
463.c) +/-The surface condition of tack coat before the next course should
5 mm.
b) +/- 20 mm.
be applied is _______.
a) wet
d) +/- 15 mm.
b) sticky
d) plastic
PH value of water used in concrete is ___________.
a) 4 to 6
c) 6 to 10
The contractor shall give the Engineer at least _______ days notice
b) 6 to 8
d) 3 to 5
prior to the beginning of work at the mill or shop where the metal
structure has been manufactured or fabricated, so that the required
inspection may be made.

29 -

a) 14
b) 17





c) 21
d) 15


This an equipment which is used to measure differential

deflection between joints of a concrete pavement to determine the
modulus of the existing slabs for use in the design of an overlay.
The request for recoring shall be made by the contractor within _________
a) Dynamic Cone Penetrometer
weeks after the official result of the coring test has been released if the b) Falling Weight Deflectometer
structure failed to meet strength requirement.
c) Benkelman Beam
a) one ( 1 )
c) three ( 3 )
d) Merlin Road Roughness Measuring Device
b) two ( 2 )
d) four ( 4 )
In the foregoing illustration determine the average thickness of
A revised design strength for concrete works was set forth from 14 days
to 7 days for concrete pavement for national roads and _____ days for major
interchanges and busy intersection thus minimizing occurrence of road 1
a) seven
c) six ( 6 )
b) three ( 3 )
d) four ( 4 )
Compressive strength for mortar samples test at 3 days and 7 seven
days can be considered for acceptance provided the strength of the samples
at 7 days is not less than ________ Mpa which is 85% of the compressive8
strength for 28 days
a) 22.08
c) 23.45
b) a) 23.433
b) 23.43
c) 23.4
d) 21.53
Vibrator shall not be operated longer than ______ seconds in any
The use of Fly Ash concrete mix as mineral admixture in PCCP and as
one location.
a) 10
c) 20
______ % replaces the Portland cement in concrete mix.
b) 15
d) 25
a) 15
c) 25
How many rotation per second will the crank of a liquid limit
b) 20
device be rotated?
a) three ( 3 ) rotations per
This is an instrument used to measure pavement deflections resulting
b) two and a half (2 ) rotations per second
from vehicle wheel loading. The results of the elastic deformation test are
c) two ( 2 ) rotations per second
used to evaluate the structural condition of roads, and to help in the design
d) one and a half ( 1 ) rotations per second
of road strengthening measure and road capacity improvement 474.
What is the required size of calibrated sand used for FDT?
a) Dynamic Cone Penetrator
a) passing sieve No. 30 retained No. 200
b) Falling Weight Deflectometer
b) passing sieve No. 20 retained No. 200
c) Three ( 3 ) Meter Straight Edge
c) passing sieve No. 10 retained No. 200
d) Benkelman Beam
d) None of the above

30 -









When placing concrete, what is the required temperature of concrete?

less _____ as called for in the guidelines on the submission of
a) less than 29*C
c) less than 30*C
b) less than 28*C
d) less than 31*C
a) 5 liters
c) 10 liters
In PCCP coring, what is the specified thickness of an individual
b) 4 liters
d) 6 liters
measurement that shall not be included in the average?
For semi solid materials, samples should be taken at the center of
a) less than 20 mm.
c) less than 25 mm.
the containers at least _____ mm. below the surface and 75 mm. from
b) more than 20 mm.
d) more than 25 mm.
the sides with the aid of a clean hatcher or patty knife.
a) 100
__________ is the wearing away of the pavement surface caused by the
c) 75
dislodging of aggregate particles.
b) 85
d) 50
a) Rutting
c) Shoving
__________ test classify the different asphalts into types and the
b) Raveling
d) Corrugation
different types into grades.
a) Quality test
This is the stage in compaction in which all free air is expelled and c) Ductility test
replaced by water, if further pressure is applied to the soil mass, the
b) Consistency test
d) All of the above
tendency is to reduce its volume.
a) wetting
This is the most important volatilization test on liquid asphalt
c) saturation stage
products, its gives information as to the actual amount of
b) swelling stage
d) none of the above
constituents remove at definite temperature.
In this stage, additional water replaces some of the entrapped air and
a) Extraction test
c) Evaporation test
the soil particles move closer together with a resulting increase in density.
b) Distillation test
d) Softening test
a) wetting stage
c) lubricating stage
This test indicate the purity of asphalt.
b) swelling stage
d) all of the above
a) Specific Gravity
c) Solubility
All boring during soil exploration survey shall generally be carried tob)
a Viscosity
d) Ductility
depth of at least ______ meter below the proposed grade line.
This is the most important factor which influence the stability of
a) one ( 1 )
c) 0.30
bituminous mixture.
a) Gradation of mineral
b) two and half ( 2 )
d) 0.50
What is the factor that will influence the construction of stabilized road?
b) Shape and surface texture of aggregate
a) Depletion of the supply of economically available materials
c) Hardness of aggregate particles
b) High cost involved in the construction of the conventional types of road
d) All of the above
c) If the road structure may be built by stages, and a properly designed
489. road
The principal factor that effect the flexibility of bituminous
might function briefly as a wearing course
mixture is _______.
a) the quality of bituminous
d) All of the above
What is the meaning of ASTM?
b)the quality of mineral filler
a) American Standard for Testing Materials
c) temperature susceptibility of the binder
b) American Standard for Testing and Materials
d) all of the above
c) American Society for Testing Materials
The application temperature of emulsified asphalt ranges from
American Society for Testing and Materials
a) 66* to 107*C
In sampling bituminous materials, the composite samples taken from
c)a20* to 66*C
number of drums should have a size sufficient for testing and should notb)be
10* to 71*C
d) 15* to 66*C

31 -









Concrete deposited in water shall be Class A concrete with a 500.

minimumUnsuitable materials are those materials containing detrimental
cement factor of _______ per cubic meter of concrete.
quantities of organic materials, such as grass, roots, and sewerage
a) 12 bags per cu. m.
c) 11 bags per cu. m.
and those that is _____________.
b) 10 bags per cu. m.
d) 9 bags per cu. m.
a) high organic soils
A tremie shall consist of a tube having a diameter of not less than ______
b) soils with liquid limit exceeding 80 and / or PI > 55
mm. constructed in section s having flanged couplings fitted with gasketc) soils with very low density, 800kg/cu. m. or below
with a hopper at the top.
a) 200
d) all of the above
c) 250
The set of cylinders for each project shall be numbered
b) 300
d) 150
consecutively beginning with 1 and three specimens should be
The fine aggregate used in stone masonry mortar shall all pass No.____
identified as A, B, and C. At the early stage of pouring, the laboratory
a) 40
c) 30
should be requested to break the A cylinders at 7 days to check
b) 8
d) 3/8
a) If the structure should be put in service
The coarse aggregate used in Bituminous Concrete is _________.
at early stage
b) to
a) retained on a 2.36 mm. ( No. 8 sieve )
check the mix design
b) retained on a 4.75 mm (No. 4 sieve )
c) To check if there is unusual development when admixture is used
c) retained on a 19.00 mm. ( No. sieve )
d) All of the above
d) both a and b
The field specimen should be cured from 4 to 7 days at the
As Materials Engineer, will you permit the use of salvage soil aggregate
project under moist conditions obtained by __________.
for lie stabilized road mix base course?
a) covering with wet sand
a) Yes
c) It depends
b) covering with saw-dust
b) No
d) Let the DPWH Project Engineer to decide
c) covering with palay-strw
Is the accredited private testing laboratories owned by companies d) all of the above
involved in the supply of construction materials for DPWH project be
The cured cylindrical samples shall be transported to the Regional
to test their own products?
a) Yes
Laboratory or any testing laboratory accredited by the DPWH in
c) It depends
a) on top of
d) Either a or c
For small projects where the quantity of steel bars is less than 10,000
b) carefully packed and crated surrounded with damp sawdust or
kgs. What may be required as a basis of acceptance.
palay straw
c) on boxes with sand
a) P.E. Certificate
c) Inspection Report
surrounding the cylinders
b) Mill Certificate
d) All of the above
d) all of the above
Lumber is considered well seasoned when its moisture content504.
The penetration grade of concrete joint sealer, hot poured elastic
between _________.
a) 10 to 16%
c) 10
to is _________
a) 80 - 100
b) 14 to 18%c) 100 - 120
d) 15 to 20%
below 90
d) 40 60
Flushing of bitumen to the surface after belting or screeding the
The CBR is generally selected at what penetration?
mixture denotes rich mixture.
a) 5.08 mm.
c) 2.54 mm.
a) true
b) false
neither of the two
b) 3.1 mm.
d) 3.50 mm.

32 -








A soil aggregate that has a CBR value of 20 means that in the condition
a) 211*C
c) 135*C
tested, the resistance to penetration of the standard piston was ______ of
d) 204*C
standard resistance of a compacted soil or aggregate.
a) 40%
c) 10%
What is the rate of application of bituminous prime coat using cut
b) 20%
d) 80%
back asphalt?
a) 0.5 to 0.7 liters/sq. m.
For liquid asphaltic materials, these are run on the residue after
1.0 to 1.1 liters/sq. m.
a) consistency test
c) to 2.0 liters/sq. m.
b) 1.0
d) 1.10 to 2.0 liters/sq.m.
ductility test
b) quality
d) cement mixing test
What is the weight boulders required for class A grouted riprap?
The basic aim of compaction is to produce a soil mass that will satisfy
a) 10 to 25 kgs
c) 15 to 30 kgs.
what criteria?
a) settlement
b) 15 to 25 kgs.
d) 20 to 30 kgs.
b) stability
d) all of the above
Based on the maximum dry density obtained by laboratory test,
When do the embankment become friable in dry weather , ravel at the
the degree of compaction required for aggregate subbase should be
edges and abrade severely under traffic and will become dusty in service
at least _____________.
a) 95%
and much of the binder soil is simply blown away during the dry season.c) 100%
a) the embankment is non- plastic
b) 98%
d) 90%
b) the embankment lacks compaction
c) materials fails CBR test
Where to determine the amount of mixing water to use when
d) none of the above
compacting the soil in the field to attain maximum density.
When the embankment tends to soften in wet weather, and PCCP a) Trial Section
c) Control Strip
constructed of such material develop ruts under traffic an d may shift and
b) Field Density Test
d) Lab. Compaction Test
shove to develop a wash board surface, the plasticity index of such material
is ____________.
P.I. is too
For soil classification purposes as in AASHTO M45, what is not
c) P.I. is too low
a) combined sieve and
b) neither a & b
d) both a & b
mechanical analysis
What is the allowable smooth riding quality of PCCP?
b) sieve analysis
a) 5.00 mm.
c) 3.00 mm.
c) the wash test
b) 8.00 mm.
d) 6.00 mm.
d) none of the above
What is the penetration grade of bitumen prime coat?
a) 60 70
c) 85 100
b 120 150
d) none of the above


This is widely used to control the characteristics of soil which are

to be incorporated in roadways.
a) The Limit Test
c) The Group Index
b) The soil classification
d) all of the above
The spraying application temperature of all grades of asphalt cement
should not be more than ________.

33 -







In direct shear test, the soil is sheared to failure by moving one partc)
ofBituminous stabilization
the soil sample relatively to the other part along a pre-determined plane.
d) Lime stabilization
When several test are made on a soil under different normal loads and the
results are plotted in arithmetic scales, the resulting line is made in
the form
As per guidelines on submission of samples, laboratory trial mixes
of ____________.
should be made on aggregates which are proposed tube used for the
a) straight line
c) parabola
first time, in this case what is the weight of fine aggregates to be
b) hyperbola
d) semi-elliptical
submitted for testing?
a) 100 kgs.
c) 50 kgs.
In conducting soil exploration survey, what equipment you will use in
b) 70 kgs.
d) 80 kgs.
obtaining undisturbed samples.
a) split spoon sampler
c)screw type soil auger sampler
The phosphorous content of reinforcing steel bars bigger than 9.0
b) thin-walled sampler
d) Post-hole auger sampler
mm shall not exceed _______.
a) 0.18%
b) 0.06%
Bituminous stabilization in the process of mixing intimately pulverized
c) 0.08%
d) 0.05%
soil and bituminous material. What is the minimum bearing capacity (soaked
CBR ) of the mixture?
a) 80%
528. c) The permissible variation of reinforcing steel bars bigger than 9.0
b)mm. shall not exceed _____.
a) 10%
d) 95%
b) 5%
d) 6%
Portland cement stabilization roadmix base course is an intimate mixture
of pulverized soil, Portland cement and water which is thoroughly 529.
A type of cement that sets and hardens by chemical interaction
compacted while in a moist condition to form a structural road material with water and is capable of doing so underwater.
when the cement hydrates and crystallizes. What is the mass percent wear
a) Portland Cement
b) Hydraulic Cement
of soil aggregate used in this stabilization?
c) Air-Retaining Portland Cement d) All of the above
a) 40%
c) not more than 40%
b) 45%
d) 50%
The spacing center to center of circumferential reinforcement of
all pipes shall not exceed its wall thickness and shall in no case
For a rich mixture of cement in concrete, what determines the flexural
exceed _______________.
a) 150
strength of the concrete?
a) Mortar strength
c) both a &mm.
b) 200 mm.
b) the strength of aggregate
d) the water/cement ratio
c) 100 mm.
d) 250 mm.
This is a new method of soil stabilization being introduced to improved
Oversanded and undersanded concrete mixtures require more
the properties of soil which is effective and at the same time cheaper. water in order to be workable but will only result to ______________.
a) Stabilization by the use of Geotextiles
a) good surface texture
b) water tightens
b) Cement stabilization
c) weak strength
d) all of the above

34 -


For every lean mixes or low cement content of the mixture, What
What are the common field test?
determines the flexural strength of the concrete.
Ans. To determine the degree of compaction of soil or it is a control
a) The strength of aggregate
b) The mortar strength
test in embankment construction to ensure adequate compaction
c) The water cement ratio
d) All of the above
What is moisture content?
This is a method of determining in-place density of soil that can be used
Ans. It is the amount of water present in the soil
satisfactorily in moist, cohesive fine grained material only. The sample is
obtained by forcing a small thin walled cylinder into the material with
What is the different between natural moisture content with
driving head and hammer or other suitable apparatus.
Ans.hydroscopic moisture content?
Ans. Natural moisture content
Drive Cylinder Method
is the moisture of undisturbed soil sample while hydroscopic
moisture content is the moisture of air-dried soil sample.
This method of test is intended to determine the density of cohesive soil
and stabilized soil by measuring the weight and volume of undisturbed
What is the formula used for moisture content determination?
Ans. Block, Chunk orAns. Moisture Content = (wt. Of water/wt. Of oven dried sample) x
Core Sampling

This method covers the determination of the density in-place of543.

Weighing hot sample is not advisable as it affects the accuracy of
compacted or firmly bonded soil by using a flexible membrane and liquid
Ans. True
that can be used to measure the volume of a test hole soil with an accuracy
within 1.0%.
What are the methods use in reducing samples from the field to
Ans. By Rubber Balloon Method
testing size?
Ans. 1) sample splitter
This method covers the determination of the total or wet density of soil
and soil aggregate in-place by the attenuation of gamma rays, where
545.the What is the required temperature for oven drying the soil sample?
gamma detector, or both, remains at or near the surface.
Ans. 110*C +/- 5*C
Ans. Nuclear Method
How can you determine if the soil sample is already oven dried?
What are the three major groups of soil?
Ans. dried if it reached its constant weight
Ans. 1) granular 2) fine grained 3) organic
How to prepare or to come up with air-dried soil sample?
What are the common laboratory test required for soil?
Ans. air dry the sample under the heat of the sun
Ans. a) sieve analysis b) plastic and liquid limit test c) compaction test
(moisture-density relation) d) CBR e) Abrasion Test (Mass percent
If impossible to air-dry the sample under the heat of the sun what
Wear) f) Unit weight g) Moisture Content
alternative should be used?
Ans. oven dry the sample at 60*C

35 -


Sample for compaction test should pass to what sieve?

How many rotation per second will the crank of a liquid limit
Ans. method A & B use sample passing sieve #4; method C & D use device be rotated?
Ans. 2 rotations per second
sample passing #3/4
In doing a plastic limit test, to what diameter shall the soil thread
What is the difference between T-99 and T-180 compaction test method?
began to break?
Ans. 3.2 mm. ( 1/8 )
Ans. T-99 uses 2.5kg.(5.5lbs.) rammer with a drop of 12 height, while T180 uses 4.54kg.(10 lbs.) rammer with a drop of 18 height
What is the formula for plastic limit?
Ans. PL = (Wa Wb)/Wb x 100
What are the particle size analysis?
Where: Wa = original wt of crumbled soil thread
Ans. It is the determination of particle size distribution in soil by sieve, Wb = wt of oven dried crumbled soil
hydrometer, or combined analysis
What is Plastic Index (PI)?
What are the other terms or particles size analysis?
Ans. It is the difference between the liquid limit and the plastic limit;
Ans. 1) sieve analysis 2) mechanical analysis 3) grading test/analysis PI = LL-PL



What is the liquid limit?

What is specific gravity?
Ans. it is the lowest moisture content at which the soil will flow upon the
Ans. It is a gravimetric-volumetric relationship in soils (or defined as
application of a very small shearing force.
the ratio of the wt in air of an equal volume of water at a stated
The liquid limit is expressed as the moisture content corresponding to
what number of blows?
Ans. 25 blows
What is the approximate area for density control strip?
Ans. 335 sq. m.
What test are used in soil classification?
Ans. 1) grading or sieve analysis 2) plastic and liquid limit
What is the maximum depth of roadway embankment per
horizontal layer in loose measurement?
Ans. 200 mm. ( 8 )
What is plastic limit?
Ans. It is the minimum moisture content at which the soil can be readily
molded without breaking or crumbling
What item of work is embankment?
Ans. Item 104
What kind of water shall be used in laboratory test especially if it deals
with chemicals?
Ans. Distilled water
What is the kind of material used for item 200?
Ans. Aggregate subbase course
Liquid limit brass cup with sample is raised allowed to drop sharply on
the base through a height of what?
What is the required particle size for selected borrow for topping
Ans. 10 mm.
under item 104 (embankment)?

36 -



Ans. All particle size will pass a sieve 75 mm. or 3 square opening andm.
notand an average moisture content of 8.85%?
more than 15% will pass 0.075 mm. (No. 20) AASHTO 11
Ans. % Degree of Compaction = (Dry density/Max. dry density) x 100
Where ; Dry density = Wet density/(1+MC/100)
Wet density = wt of soil filled in a hole/volume of hole
P.I. requirement for item 104 (selected common borrow) is __________.
% degree of compaction = {(2,335)/[1+(8.85/100)] x 100}/2,250
Ans. 6 maximum
= (2,145.15/2,250) x 100
= 95.34%
L.L. requirement for item 104 (selected common borrow) is ____________.
Ans. 30 maximum
Is the soil for No.45 passed the item 104 requirement for %
Ans. G or Grading = 2
What is the LL requirement for item 200 (aggregate subbase course)degree of compaction?
P or Plasticity = 2
passing sieve # 40?
Ans. 12 maximum
C or Compaction = 2
D or Density = three in-site density test/500 sq. m.
Coarse portion retained on sieve # 10 (2.00 mm.) of item 200 shall have
a mass percent of wear by Los Angeles Abrasion test of _______________.
What are the test and number of test needed for 2,960 cu. m.
Ans. 50% maximum
Aggregate Base Course?
Ans. sand cone, jug (at least
4 liters), guide plate, moisture cans, sand, weighing scale, oven with
The required CBR value for item 300?
temperature control, chisel or digging tools, plastic bags and labeling
Ans. 25% minimum (AASHTO T 180 method D)
materials (tag number)
What is the minimum percent field density or degree of compaction for
What is the standard diameter of an orifice in FDT sand cone?
item 104 (embankment)?
Ans. inch (12.7 mm.)
Ans. 95% minimum

How many hours does a fine aggregates tested for specific
What is the minimum degree of compaction for item 200 and 201?
gravity and absorption be soaked in water?
Ans. 100% minimum
Ans. 15 to 19 hrs.
What is the highest point in moisture density curve of the moisture
How will you determine if the fine aggregates reaches the
density relation test or compaction test of soil represent?
surface dry condition?
Ans. It is determine by the
Ans. MDD(Maximum Dry Density) and OMC (Optimum Moisture Content)
use of cone test for surface moisture and if the molded shape of fine
aggregate slump slightly it indicates that it has reached a surface-dry
What is the required size of calibrated sand used for FDT?
Ans. Any clean, dry, free-flowing uncemented sand passing # 10 and condition.
retained # 200 sieves
What are the test required for concrete aggregates?
Ans. 1) Fine Agg: Grading, specific gravity, absorption, dry unit wt.
What is the degree of compaction of soil having a maximum dry density
2) Coarse Agg: grading, specific gravity, absorption, dry unit wt, and
2,250kg/cu. m. and wet density of soil from hole equivalent to 2,335kg/cu.

37 -


Note: soundness is also tested as 594.


What do you call a sample for concrete pavement?

Ans. Concrete beam sample


What is the maximum mass % of wear by Los Angeles Abrasion595.

Test? How many sample should be taken for every 75 cu, m. of fresh
Ans. 40% maximum
Ans. 3 pcs. sample or 1 set
What is the required speed of Los Angeles Abrasion Machine per minute?
Ans. 30 to 33 rpm
What do you call the sample for structural concrete?
Ans. Concrete cylinder sample
What is the size or diameter and weight of cast-iron spheres use in
Ans. Approximately 46.8 mm 597.
dia. and What is the test use to determine the consistency of concrete?
weighing between 390-455 grams
Ans. Slump test

What is the required total wt. of sample for abrasion test of coarse
How to compute for the slump of concrete?
aggregate grading A with 12 number of sphere?
Ans. Slump = Ht. Of slump cone ht. Of fresh concrete after
Ans. 5,000 grams +/- 25 grams


What is the significance of abrasion test?

How to compute for the compressive strength of concrete
Ans. It evaluate the structural strength of coarse aggregates
cylinder sample?
Ans. CS = P/A
where: P
- gives an indication of quality as determined by resistance to impact and
= loads, lbs.
A = area, sq. m.
- it determines whether the aggregate will
A = [rD(sq)] / 4 = 28.27 sq. m
have degradation during traffic or rolling
At what age should a concrete beam sample be tested for flexural
Quality test for cement is represented by how many bags of cement?
Ans. 4 days
Ans. 2,000 bags or fraction thereof
How to compute the flexural strength for third point loading test?
What is the sieve use in sieving materials from Abrasion Machine? Ans. R = (PL)/(bxdxd) = P(18)/(6 x 6 x 6) = P/12
Ans. Sieve # 12 (1.70 mm.)
where: R = modulus of rupture
P = Load in lbs. or tons
Testing machine should be calibrated once every six (6) months if L = span length in inches
b = base in inches
possible but if it not possible what is the required time should the machine
d = depth in inches
be calibrated?
Ans. Once a year

What is the minimum flexural strength for third point loading
What is the percent tolerance of error in calibrating the machine?
Ans. 3.8 Mpa (550 psi)
Ans. +/- 1%

38 -


What is the minimum flexural strength for center point loading613.

What is the required sample for paint?
Ans. 4.5 Mpa (650 psi)
Ans. 1 can ( gal. or pail )/100 cans (gal. or pail )


How to compute for flexural strength at center point loading? 614.

What kind of paint had reflectance in the form of beads?
Ans. R = (3PL)/(bxdxd) = 3P(18)/2x9x6x6
Ans. Reflectorized Traffic Paint


Which part of the batch for fresh concrete should the sample be
taken What is the common components of house paint?
from a stationary mixers, revolving drum truck mixers or agitators?
Ans. pigment and vehicle
Ans. two or more regular intervals during discharge of middle portion of the
What is this construction material that is dark brown to black
cementatious material in which the predominating constituent are
What is the size of tamping rod use in sampling concrete?
Ans. 16 mm. (5/8 inches) diameter and 610 mm. (24 inches) long with the
Ans. Asphalt
tamping end rounded to a hemispherical tip of the same dia. as the rod
What asphalt is commonly called hot asphalt?
Concrete Masonry (hollow blocks) if subject to test, how many sample
is Asphalt cement
Ans. 6 pcs./10,000 units
12 pcs. if more
than 10,000 units
What are liquid asphalt?
Ans. Cut-back asphalt and Emulsified Asphalt
What is the strength requirement for load bearing concrete masonry
Ans. individual = 5.5 Mpa (800619.
What is the use of blown asphalt or hard asphalt?
Ans. Use as joint filler or water proofing
Average(for 3 samples) = 4.14 Mpa (600 psi) minimum
SS-1 or SS-1h is what kind of asphalt?
What is the significance of testing reinforcing steel bars?
Ans. Slow Setting Emulsified Asphalt
Ans. to determine the yield and tensile strength of the bar as well as its
elongation and is used to classify the bars into grade
What are the three (3) kinds of Emulsified Asphalt?
Ans. Rapid Setting, Medium Setting and Slow Setting
What is the required length of RSB for testing?
Ans. 1 meter/10,000 kgs./size/shipment
What asphalt contains water?
Ans. Emulsified Asphalt
What is the significance of bending test for RSB?
Ans. to evaluate the ductile properties of RSB
What is the penetration grade for blown asphalt?
Ans. 0 to 30
What is the required size of test specimen for G.I. sheets?
Ans. 60 mm. x 60 mm. ( 3pcs. from one sheet/100 sheets






39 -


What is the ideal penetration grade of asphalt use in Tropical Region?

One set (3 pcs ) concrete cylinder sample shall be taken for every
Ans. 85 to 100 (but some uses 60 to 70)
how many pieces of RCP?
Ans. 25 pcs.


Tack coat is used in an existing bituminous or concrete pavement.

In submitting samples for testing, what particular form is being
Ans. True
Ans. sample card


What is the rate of application of bituminous tack coat?

Ans. 0.2 to 0.7 liter/ sq. m.


What is the rate of application of bituminous prime coat?

Ans. 1 to 2 liters/sq.m.



as a Materials Engineer of the project what is the report

accomplished every week?
Ans. Quality Control
Assurance Report


What do you call the report to be submitted at end of the month?

Ans. Monthly Materials Report

For how many hours or how long shall a bituminous prime coat left
Ans. 24 hrs.


What kind of asphalt is used as prime coat?

Ans. Cut-back asphalt (medium curing or rapid curing)


Bituminous prime coat is use to treat surface of base course.

Ans. True


How to determine the proportion of cement , water, fine

aggregates and coarse aggregates?
Ans. by means of
Concrete Design Mix
How to determine the thickness of pavement?
Ans. by means of concrete core

How to determine the asphalt content of bituminous mix?
No tack coat or prime coat shall be applied when the weather is foggy
or by means of extraction test
Ans. True
In an extraction test, aside from the asphalt what other materials
being extracted?
Ans. Aggregates or composite
What kind of asphalt is used as tack coat?
aggregates ( minerals of fine & coarse aggregates)
Ans. cut-back asphalt (rapid curing) or emulsified asphalt


What is being determined in a core sample from asphalt
Where should the bituminous seal coat be used?
Ans. thickness of
Ans. on an existing bituminous surface course with or without an application
pavement and density of pavement
of aggregates


644. testAll records regarding quality control such as accomplishment,

If concrete cylinder sample for RCP is not available for compression
daily activities, weather etc. are recorded in a ________.
one (1) whole piece RCP for every 50 pcs. RCP will be submitted for quality
Ans. Materials Log Book
Ans. True

40 -





The standard penetration test (SPT) is an in-site test that measures

Where do we take additional cores when the measurement of any
Ans. depth of soil layer
core taken from the pavement is deficient in thickness by more than
25 mm?
Which of the following bituminous material is best recommended forAt no less than 5 meters intervals parallel to the centerline in each
direction from the affected location
sealing weakened plane joints?
Ans. Joint Filler Asphalt (commonly called hard asphalt)
The results of Immersion-Compression test conducted on an
asphalt mix sample are as follows: Dry stability = 2,000 Kpa
The main problem associated with wrong practice of conveying concrete
Wet stability = 1,000 Kpa
is called ______.
Ans. Segregation
What is the resulting index of retained strength? Does it meet the
specification requirement of item 310 Bituminous Concrete Course?
The specification call for 1:2:3 concrete mix. In one bagger mixer, which
Ans. Index of Retained strength = (Wet stability/Dry stability) x 100
of the following amount of water is most likely required for the mix?
= (1,000 Kpa/2,000 Kpa) x 100
Ans. 20 i\liters
= 50%
A one lane road, with a pavement width of 3.5 meters and shoulder No it does not meet the specification of item 310 since the
width of 0.5 meter on each side of the pavement, was designed to havespecification of IRS is 70% minimum while the resulting IRS is only
subbase and base courses with a combined thickness of 300 mm. If the 50%
thickness of the subbase is a 125 mm. the spreading and compaction of the
Quality Control testing in a DPWH project is the responsibility of
subbase and base course shall be carried out in ______.
the ___________.
Ans. DPWH and Contractors
Ans. 3 layer over the full width of 4.5 m.
Materials Engineers
as Material Engineer, what is the area of trial section that you would
recommend to check the suitability of the materials and efficiency657.
of the As Material Engineer, when is the right time to start sampling and
testing aggregates of the course materials?
equipment to be used for item 310, Bituminous Concrete Surface course?
Ans. before the course materials be incorporated in the project
Ans. about 500 sq. m.
The spot test on asphalt is used to determine what?
Per program of work, the estimated volume of item 201 materials
overheating during manufacture
7,500 cu. m. How many grading and plasticity test are required based on
the DPWH minimum testing requirements?
Ans. 25 grading and 25
Under what climatic condition(s) do we use the lower penetration
grades or hard asphalt?
Ans. hot climate
Bituminous concrete mixes contain asphalt by weight equivalent to
Sampling of the freshly mixed concrete should be taken on the
Ans. 5 to 8%
_______ batch discharge of the transit mixer.
Quality of factory-produced reinforced concrete pipes may be best Ans. middle
established through what?
Ans. Test of concrete pipe samples

41 -






Soft and unstable soils were encountered during the course of 670.
subgradesample from compacted bituminous mix shall be neatly cut by
preparation. If you were the Materials Engineer assigned to the project, saw
whator core drill. Each sample shall be at least ____________.
is the most effective and cheaper method that you would recommend toAns. 150 mm. x 150 mm. or 100mm diameter full depth
stabilized the soil prior to the construction of the subbase course?
Ans. Geotextiles
For surface tolerance the surface (bituminous mix) will be check
by the use of a _____ at sites selected by the Engineer.
How many times per layer should a concrete specimen molded in a Ans. 3 meter straight edge
6x6x21 beam mold be rodded?
Ans. 63 times
What is the sample requirement for paving concrete for every 75
cu. m. or fraction thereof?
Ans. One (1) set (consisting of 3
What is the basis for acceptance or rejection of any construction
pcs.) concrete beam sample
Ans. Materials Test Report
In testing bituminous mix sample for Immersion-Compression
In testing concrete cylinder sample the load applied should be
Stability the sample is soaked in water bath for ______ days.
continuous without shock at a constant rate within the range of _______ Ans.
per four (4)
Ans. 0.14 to 0.34
Mpa per second or 20 to 50 psi per second
Given: Wt. of dry aggregate = 950 grams
Wt. of asphalt
= 50 grams
During the application of the first half of the anticipated load a _______
What is the total % of asphalt weight of total mix
rate of loading shall be permitted.
Ans. Wt. of total mix = wt. of dry agg. + wt. of asphalt
Ans. higher rate
= 950 + 50 = 1,000 grams
therefore: (50grams/1,000grams) x 100 = 5%
Initial rolling in bituminous mixes shall be perform with a _____ roller.
Ans. Pneumatic Tire Roller
Does the percent asphalt in problem above meet the required
specification for percent asphalt in bituminous mixes? Why?
Ans. yes, because standard specification for percent asphalt in
Final rolling in bituminous mixes shall be perform with a _________ roller.
bituminous mixes is 5 to 8%
Ans. 3-wheel or Tandem type steel wheel roller

If the actual percent asphalt in the problem above is 5% and the
Rolling of bituminous mix shall be discounted whenever it begins
percent asphalt in a job-mix 5.6% did it pass the required tolerance?
produce excessive ______ or ________.
Ans. No,
Ans. pulverizing of the aggregate or displacement of the mixture
because the required tolerance for % asphalt in a job-mix formula is
Final rolling shall be continued until roller marks are eliminated and +/-0.4%
minimum of _____ mass percent of the density of the laboratory compacted
Which is not the duty or responsibility of Materials Engineer?
specimens prepared in accordance with AASHTO T160 has been obtained.
Ans. quantity of construction materials
Ans. 95 mass percent

42 -


Which is the duty or responsibility of a Materials engineer?

Ans. quality of construction materials


Problem regarding quality of construction materials shall be reported

How can we establish the exact percentage to be used in the
directly by the contractors Materials Engineer to the __________.
bituminous mixture?
Ans. Job-mix formula
Ans. DPWH Materials Engineer
What are the two types of bitumen that are commonly used in
How many concrete cylinder is required for a 3,000 pcs. reinforced bituminous concrete surface course?
concrete pipe culvert?
Ans. 120 sets (consisting of 3 pcs. concrete
Ans. 1) Tar- is viscous liquid obtained from distillation of coal or
cylinder per set)
2) Petroleum Asphalt are the
product of the distillation of crude oil
If the concrete cylinder is not available for a 3,000 pcs. culvert pipes,
how many pipes shall be subjected to test?
What are the three major petroleum asphalt product?
Ans. 60 pcs. culvert pipes
Ans. 1) Asphalt cement produced in various viscosity grade, the
most common penetration grade are, 200/300, 120/150, 85/100,
What kind of test that requires calibrated sand in filling the hole in order
Cut-back asphalt are asphalt mixed with solvents to reduce their
to determine the volume of hole?
3) Emulsified Asphalt are mixture of
Ans. Field Density Test (FDT)
asphalt cement and water with emulsifying agent
What do you call the test using a rammer and a mold?
What are the solvents for cut back asphalt?
Ans. Moisture Density Relation Test or Compaction Test
Ans. 1) gasoline for rapid curing type
2) kerosene for medium curing type
What kind of asphalt has a penetration grade of 0 to 30 mm.?
3) diesel fuel for slow curing type
Ans. Blown Asphalt






What is the percent weight of asphalt in the bituminous mixture?

Ans. 5 to 8%

Emulsified asphalt are either _____ and _________.
If there is a necessary to add water to the concrete mix in order
Ans. 1) cationic emulsion which work better with wet agg. And in
increase is workability (provided concrete does not exceed specified slump).
cold weather
2) anionic emulsion which
How many minutes after the initial of the mixing does adding of water be
not exceeding 45 minutes and that water cement ratio is not exceeded
What is the bituminous material commonly used in item 310?
Ans. Asphalt cement (AC)
What is the percent weight of aggregates (coarse, fine and mineral filler)
in the mixture of bituminous concrete surface coarse?
What greatly influence the service of an asphalt pavement?
Ans. 92 to 95%
Ans. grade and quantity of asphalt

43 -


What influence primarily the grade of asphalt selected?

Ans. Climatic condition


The lower penetration grade or hard asphalt is used in ____________.

What is the most commonly used method in the design and
Ans. hot climate
evaluation of bituminous concrete mixes?
Ans. Marshall Stability Method
The higher penetration grade or softer asphalt is used in____________.
Ans. cold climate
The quality control test for asphalt mix are the following:
1) Immersion-Compression Test determines the index of retained
How many weeks does a producer of asphalt mix or the contractor shall
strength of the mix
2) Extraction
submit the job-mix formula?
and Grading Test determines the asphalt content and particles size
Ans. three (3) weeks prior to production
distribution of coarse and fine aggregates
3) Laboratory density test determines the degree of compaction
Who will approved the job mix formula?
Ans. DPWH Project Engineer and Materials Engineer
What is the correct temperature that the mixture shall be placed
as measured in the truck just prior to dumping into the spreader?
The job-mix formula contains provisions on the following:
Ans. 107*C
Ans. 1) grading
2) percentage and type of asphalt 3) temp. of agg. and
4) temp. of mixture upon delivery or at time of
When tar is used, what is the temperature that the mixture shall
be placed?
Ans. 66*C to 107*C
What is the primary quality control mechanism for the production of
When shall the compaction be done in order to attain the
asphalt mixture?
Ans. Job-mix formula which shall conform
required density?
Ans. when the mixture is
to the following ranges of tolerance:
Passing No. 4 and
still hot and workable
larger sieves +/- 7%
Passing No. 8 to No. 100 sieves +/- 4%
Passing No. 200
+/- 2%
How to determine the number of passes that would attain the
Bituminous Materials
+/- 0.4%
required density?
Ans. trial section
Temperature of mixture
+/- 10*C
What control during the mixing and compaction is of great
What is the minimum dry compressive strength of the mixture?
significance in the strength of the resulting pavement?
Ans. 1.4 Mpa (200 psi)
Ans. temperature






What is the Index of Retained Strength of the mixture?

Ans. 70%

The mixture shall have a mass percent air voids with the range712.
What kind of roller should be used for the initial or breakdown
Ans. 3.0% - 5%
Ans. Pneumatic smooth
wheeled roller (not less than 10 tons)

44 -


What is the speed of the roller?

Ans. 5 km/hr


How is the rolling be done?

Ans. It should begin from the side and proceed longitudinally parallel
What is the compressive strength of the PCCP when rested at 14
toward the road centerline, each trip overlapping one half the rollers width
Ans. 24.1 Mpa (3500 psi)


After the final rolling what should be checked?

Ans. degree of compaction


The compacted pavement shall have a density equal to or greater

727.than What kind of form used in item 311?
Ans. 97% of the laboratory compacted density
Ans. steel forms and a depth equal to the thickness of the pavement


When is the traffic be permitted to enter the pavement?

How long shall the forms remain undisturbed after concrete
Ans. when the pavement has cooled to atmospheric temperature
Ans. 24 hrs.


How many samples shall be taken for each full days operation?729.
What is the difference between item 504 and item 505?
Ans. at least one but not more than three (3) core samples
Ans. placement of stone or boulders and the ratio of cement and fine
What is the dimension of the samples taken full depth from the finish
pavement for thickness determination?
What is the ratio of fine aggregates to number of bags of cement
Ans. 150 mm. or 100 mm diameter
for grout in item 504 and 505?
Ans. for item 504 its one part
cement to three part fine sand (1:3)
for item 505 its one part cement to two parts fine sand (1:2)
How is the sample taken from the finished pavement?
Ans. by means of core drill or saw
Penetration and ductility test of asphalt are done in __________
a) 60*C
How is the surface level of the finished pavement being check?
b) 25*C
Ans. by the use of 3 meters straight edge
c) 50*C
d) 10*C
The variation of the surface from the testing edge of the straight
This is the most fluidest and lightest of all the grade of Medium
between contacts with the surface shall not exceed ________..
Curing Cut-back Asphalt.
a) MC 30
b) MC
Ans. 6 mm.
MC 800
d) MC 300
What determine the thickness and density of compacted asphalt
Ans. core test






45 -

What is the strength requirement (flexural strength) of a concrete

when tested by third point loading method?
Ans. 3.8 Mpa (550 psi)

What is the slump of a workable concrete if not vibrated?

Ans. 40 75 mm, when vibrated the slump is 10 to 40 mm


The only kind of asphalt that can be used in all bituminous item741.
of work.Tie bars shall not be coated or painted with ____________.
a) Asphalt Cement
b) Cut-back Asphalt
Ans. asphalt or other materials
c) Emulsified Asphalt
d) All of the above
What is the metal device that are used as a load transfer device
Retempering of concrete or mortar, which has partially hardened, will
be in a position parallel to the surface and centerline of the slab of
permitted with the addition of cement, aggregate or water.
a) yes
b) no
Ans. dowels
c) it depends on the condition of concrete
d) check the slump
To protect dowel from corrosion and to facilitate sliding in
What is the minimum number of representative cores that shall be taken
concrete, it shall be coated with _________.
from each member area of concrete in place that is considered deficient?
Ans. thin film of bitumen
a) 3 cores
b) 4 cores
c) 5 cores
d) core must be taken at 5 meter interval
The surface of the pavement shall be roughened by means of
backward & forward of the designed sta.
Ans. brooming

the strength level of concrete will be considered satisfactory if 745.

What is the depth of corrugation produce by brooming in the
average of all sets of three consecutive strength test result equal or exceed
surface of the pavement?
Ans. 1.5 mm.
the specified strength and no individual strength test result is deficient by
more than how many percent?
a) 25% The surface of the newly placed concrete when it is sufficiently
b) 20%
c) 15%
set shall be cured for a period of _________.
d) 10%
Ans. 72 hrs.


For major interchanges and busy intersection, PCCP will be allowed
open on the ----------- to minimize occurrence of road congestion.
a) 14th day
b) 10th day
c) 12 day
d) 7th day


The width of the weaken plane joint is __________.

Ans. not more than 6 mm.



When is the right time to saw the weaken plane joint?

Ans. within 24 hrs. as soon as concrete has hardened sufficiently

to The curing of the pavement are done on the following:

1) by covering the concrete with mats saturated with water
2) thoroughly wetting the pavement
3) by ponding
4) by applying curing compound after finishing of the surface
When the right time is the joint be sealed?
Ans. after the curing period or before it is opened to traffic

What is item 504 in DPWH specification?
What shall be done if cracks appear at or near the joint prior to the time Grouted Riprap
of sawing?
Ans. sawing shall be omitted

46 -


What is item 505 in DPWH specifications?

Ans. Stone Masonry

15 days
c) 21 days


This is the empirical indicator of the clay fraction of a binder material in

a stabilized soil mixture.
a) Group Index
b) Liquid Limit
c) Plasticity Index
d) Plastic Limit


When water is added to the mixture to bring the slump within required
limit, it shall be injected into the mixer under such pressure and direction of
flow that the requirement for uniformity and desired slump of concrete are
met. The drum shall be turned on additional _______ revolution or more.
a) 10 revolutions
b) 45 revolutions
c) 30 revolutions
d) 15 revolutions


Job-mix formula submitted for approval shall propose definite single

values for, except _____.
a) % of aggregate passing each specified
b) temperature
of the mixture delivered on the road
c) Percent of bituminous materials to be added
d) mixing time of the mixture in the batching plant


For small contract project of the DPWH located in remote areas where
the quality of cement to be used is too small and where there are no
accessible testing laboratory to check the quality of materials, exception in
the requirements for performance of laboratory test in cement prior to use
may be allowed provided that the trial mixes be done for every ___________.
a) deformation characteristic of soil
b) Engineering properties of the underlying soils
c) Arrangement of soil strata
d) Field Density of soil


How many days shall the Engineer be notified in advance of the date
that the treating process will be performed in order that the untreated
lumber, the treatment process and the finished treatment timber may all be

47 -

b) 10 days
d) 7 days