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Focus on Glaucoma: How to Code for Screenings

By Susan Dooley

Glaucoma: Hippocrates used this name to describe blindness caused by a glazed-looking pupil. Today,
the term refers to a group of eye diseases that affects about 3 million Americans and is among the
leading causes of blindness. According to the National Eye Institute, without treatment, glaucoma
damages the optic nerve, leading to vision loss and blindness. There are two types of glaucoma: open
angle, which is the most common type, and closed angle, which affects far fewer patients.

Learn the Ocular Changes of Glaucoma


At the front of the eye lies the anterior chamber, located between the cornea and the lens, through
which a watery fluid called the aqueous humor continuously circulates. The aqueous humor flows out of
the anterior chamber at the open angle where the cornea and iris meet, through a spongy, drain-like
meshwork called the trabecula. From there, it flows into the canal of Schlemm and out of the eye.

The Coding Institute LLC, 2222 Sedwick Road, Durham, NC 27713, Eenterprise Contact: Sam Nair, Direct: 704 303 8150,
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Open angle glaucoma: Most glaucoma patients have the open angle, or chronic, version of this disease,
in which the aqueous humor fluid doesnt flow freely from the eye. One theory as to the etiology, or
cause, of this condition is that the trabecular meshwork filter is clogged by microscopic particles that
slow the fluids movement out of the eye. Ophthalmologists typically treat open angle glaucoma with
medications that improve this fluid flow.
Closed angle glaucoma: Also called acute glaucoma, this condition is a medical emergency. With acute
closed angle glaucoma, the iris bows forward, blocking the trabecular meshwork at the angles so that
fluid cant flow out at all, much like a rubber stopper would block a kitchen sink. The patient develops
excruciating eye pain and without prompt treatment, the patient loses vision. A treatment for closed
angle glaucoma is laser iridotomy, using a laser to cut a hole in the iris.

Coding Glaucoma Screenings


Because open-angle glaucoma can be a silent disease without presenting symptoms, screening for the
condition is important. Medicare and many commercial third-party payers cover annual glaucoma
screenings for people at risk, including those with a family history of glaucoma, diabetics, African
Americans older than 50, and Hispanics older than 65.

Choose Diagnosis Codes for Glaucoma Screening


Heres the ICD-10 primary diagnosis code to use for glaucoma screening:

Z13.5, Encounter for screening for eye and ear disorders.

Because Medicare and other payers cover screenings for people at risk, an appropriate secondary
diagnosis helps smooth the screening procedure claims path:

E10-E13 for the appropriate diabetes diagnosis (e.g., E11.3, Type 2 diabetes mellitus with
ophthalmic complications)
Z82.1, Family history of blindness and visual loss
Z83.511, Family history of glaucoma
Z15.89, Genetic susceptibility to other disease.
Choosing Procedure Codes for Glaucoma Screening

If the only reason a Medicare patient is being seen by an ophthalmologist is to screen for glaucoma,
break out the G codes:

G0117, Glaucoma screening for high risk patients furnished by an optometrist or


ophthalmologist
G0118, Glaucoma screening for high risk patient furnished under the direct supervision of an
optometrist or ophthalmologist.

The Coding Institute LLC, 2222 Sedwick Road, Durham, NC 27713, Eenterprise Contact: Sam Nair, Direct: 704 303 8150,
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The G codes carry several caveats, however. First, remember that Medicare created these codes for its
beneficiaries; you would probably not use these codes for non-Medicare patients. Also, remember that
even with Medicare, the patient must meet the criteria noted above for screening.
Most importantly, however, in most cases when a patient is seen for an annual eye exam, glaucoma
screening would be part of the workup, rather than the only reason for the patient being seen. This
means more often than not, youd simply report the appropriate evaluation and management (E/M)
code, without adding a specific glaucoma screening procedure code. Youd only report the glaucoma
screening codes if the screening was the only reason the patient was being seen.

What Do You Think?


Got any hot ophthalmology coding tips to share? Write us a note.

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The Coding Institute LLC, 2222 Sedwick Road, Durham, NC 27713

The Coding Institute LLC, 2222 Sedwick Road, Durham, NC 27713, Eenterprise Contact: Sam Nair, Direct: 704 303 8150,
shyamn@codinginstitute.com