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E-Jets Series - Embraer 170/190

E-Jets Series - Embraer 170/190

CREDITS & COPYRIGHT


Developed by feelThere
www.feelthere.com
Published by Wilco Publishing
www.wilcopub.com
Producers
Victor Racz and Fred Goldman
Lead Programmer
Alex Koshterek
Graphics
Alexandr Emeljanov, Andrey Martyanov,
Victor Racz
Flight Dynamics
Rob Young
Sound FX
Turbine Sound Studios
Manual
Robert "Chip" Barber, Wilco Publishing

TABLE OF CONTENTS
WELCOME ABOARD ! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
The use of this product is restricted to the private
domain. Usage of this product for any professional
or commercial activity is strictly forbidden. For
professional use of the product contact feelThere,
Inc. at sales@feelthere.com
The code used in Wilco Publishing products may
under no circumstances be used for any other
purposes without the permission of Wilco Publishing
and its developers.
All trademarks and brand names are trademarks or
registered trademarks of the respective owners.
feelThere, Wilco and associated logos are registered
trademarks.
Microsoft and Windows are trademarks or
registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in
the United States and/or other countries.
This product is neither produced nor endorsed by
another third party.
2008 feelThere, Wilco. All rights reserved.
Published and distributed exclusively by Wilco
Publishing.

A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.

QUICK START

Installation
Extra
Quick Start
2D & 3D Cockpits
Cabin & Doors
Design weights (lbs)

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6

Powering Up Your Bird


Take Off

MAIN PANEL

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9

PFD
ADI
Vertical Profile Display
MFD
Status Page
Map/Plan Page
TCAS Page
Weather Page
EICAS

AUTO FLIGHT

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17

Guidance Panel
Flight Mode Annunciator
Flight Guidance Control System
Lateral Modes
Vertical Modes
Speed Control
Auto Throttle FMA Indications
ILS Approach

FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22


QUALITY FIRST !
By not making illegal copies and purchasing only original
WILCO PUBLISHING products, you will allow us to continue developing
and improving the quality of our software.

Flying Patterns
Flight Plan Discontinuities
Flying Direct To

NORMAL CHECKLISTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32

THANK YOU.

PERFORMANCES and EICAS MESSAGES manuals


are located into your Flight Simulator aircraft folder.
2

For Microsoft Flight Simulator use only. Not for use in real aviation.

(c) 2008 Wilco Publishing www.wilcopub.com - www.FeelThere.com

E-Jets Series - Embraer 170/190

E-Jets Series - Embraer 170/190

WELCOME ABOARD !
A. INSTALLATION

Installation is automatic. Insert the CD (or


double-click on the downloaded file) and
Autorun will take you to the start-up screen.
If Autorun is disabled on your system, open
Windows Explorer or My Computer, browse to
your CD Rom drive and double click
EJets_FSx_vx.exe (where x is your version).
Once setup is running, follow the on-screen
prompts and ensure that the installation
points directly to the Microsoft Flight
Simulator
folder (usually C:\Program Files\Microsoft
Games\FlightSimulator...).
MICROSOFT FLIGHT SIMULATOR X
SERVICE PACKS 1 AND 2 ARE REQUIRED
(freely available from
www.fsinsider.com - Downloads)
CHECK OUT
WILCO PUBLISHING WEBSITE :

http://www.wilcopub.com
YOU WILL FIND INFORMATION, NEWS, AND
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS.

B. EXTRA (for CD-Rom version only)

We have included a full set of files and videos


on your CD-Rom. Use your Windows Explorer
to locate them into the EXTRA WILCO
directory.
To fully enjoy the 3D Virtual Cockpit, the
Track IR lets you control your field of view in
flight simulators by simply looking around by
few degrees.
Track IR is available from Wilco Publishing
http://www.wilcopub.com.

C. QUICK START
1. To Pilot one of the Airbus
1. Start Flight Simulator
4

WELCOME ABOARD !
2. From the menus, select AIRCRAFT
3. Choose Embraer feelThere/Wilco
4. Select the Aircraft and its livery
The liveries are installed on your CD-Rom or
available from Wilco Publishing website if you
bought the download version.
2. Engines Start Up
Use CTRL+E to start the engines.
To start up engines from a 'Cold & Dark
Cockpit', please refer to the next pages for
complete procedures.

D. 2D & 3D COCKPITS
2D Panel Views
The following 2D panel views are available
using the following key combinations :
SHIFT+1
SHIFT+2
SHIFT+3
SHIFT+4
SHIFT+5
SHIFT+6
SHIFT+7
SHIFT+8
SHIFT+9

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

main
overhead
FMS
pedestal
simicon
PFD
MFD
EFIS
MFD2

utility on the CD-Rom (directory : EXTRA /


F1View), also available from our website.
This utility is kindly offered by Flight 1.
This module requires a wheel-mouse (a
center wheel that also acts as a center
mouse button).
Note that this utility is not needed under
Flight Simulator X as you can access cabin
view through a right-click sub-menu option.

While in Pan Mode (mouse wheel pressed and


held down) inside the Virtual Cockpit :
Mouse to the left rotates view to the left.
Mouse to the right rotates iew to the
right.
Moving the mouse forward, away from the
user, rotates the view up.
Moving the mouse backward, towards the
user, rotates the view down.
Please refer to the manual for other features

E. CABIN & DOORS


The Cabin
Under Flight Simulator 2004, to move and
walk inside the cabin, we have included a

For Microsoft Flight Simulator use only. Not for use in real aviation.

The Doors
To open the external doors :
SHIFT + E for the passengers door.
SHIFT + E + 2 for the cargo door (from ext).

Virtual Cockpit (FS 2004)


Wheel forward moves you forward and
wheel backward moves you back.
CTRL+forward moves right and CTRL
+ backward moves left.
SHIFT+forward moves up and SHIFT
+ backward moves down.
CTRL+SHIFT+forward zooms out
and CTRL+SHIFT+backward zooms in.

3D Virtual Cockpit Views


Display the different Cockpit views using the
normal Flight Simulator keystroke, S under
FS 2004 and A under FS X. All controls found
on the main 2D panels are functional within
the virtual cockpit. Mouse clicking on the FMC
opens the 2D FMC in a separate window.
Mouse clicking on some specific screens open
a 2D window : FMS, EADI...

list. Under Flight Simulator X, press SPACE to


switch to pan mode. Wheel mouse serve as
zoom in/out while in pan mode.

Design Weights (lbs)

Maximum Takeoff Weight . . . . . . . .82,011


Maximum Landing Weight . . . . . . . .72,310
Operational Empty Weight . . . . . . .46,165
Maximum Zero Fuel Weight . . . . . . .62,256
Maximum Payload . . . . . . . . . . . . .19,091
Maximum Useable Fuel . . . . . . . . .20,529
Maximum Useable Fuel . . . . .3,064 gallons

How to setup Flight Simulator X


under Windows VISTA ?
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*

Go into program files\microsoft games\


Highlight Flight Simulator X folder and right-click on it
Select the SECURITY tab
Click on your username (not on Administrator 1)
Click on the 'edit' option (it should have a pic of a shield on the button with edit next to it)
Then you should be prompted by Vista security module, click on 'ALLOW'
Then tick the 'Full Control' box and press 'OK'
Installation of the add-on can now start.

(c) 2008 Wilco Publishing www.wilcopub.com - www.FeelThere.com

E-Jets Series - Embraer 170/190

QUICK START

Enhance your

INTRODUCTION

QUICK START

Welcome to Wilco's simulation of the


Embraer Regional Jet, the E-170/190.
Taking to the air for the first time in
February, 2002, this regional jet is the
smallest variant offered by Embraer, and
was designed to compete with their CRJ
700/900 and Q400 series. It was also
meant to replace the BAe-146 and Fokker
70. She's got a passenger capacity of 78,
and tips the scales at an empty weight
21,140 Kgs/56,638 Lbs. Powered by 2 GE
DF34-8E turbofans fitted with FADEC, she's
got a maximum ceiling of 41,000 feet,
cruising speed of 460 kts, a range of 3,889
Km/2,416 Miles, and may easily operate
routes such as Paris to Moscow, Dallas to
Halifax or Brasilia to Caracas. Current
customers include Alitalia, US Airways, LOT
Airlines, Air Caribes, Egyptair, Virgin Blue,
Air France Regional and others.

POWERING UP YOUR BIRD

As you will soon see, the flight deck sports


an all digital cockpit. With the exception
of the ailerons, the flight controls are all
fly by wire. Of particular interest to the
airlines, the jet has ten minute single point
refueling, and the under wing engines may
be serviced from the ground without
stands. There are forward and aft doors on
both sides of the fuselage that permit rapid
entry/exit with simultaneous servicing. A
regional jet by all counts, this is an aircraft
that could become the standard for all
short to medium distance carriers.

E-Jets Series experience !

Remember placing the mouse over a usable


knob or switch will reveal its function and
status (on/off, auto etc.).
1. Battery 1 to "On", Battery 2 to "Auto".
22.5V minimum. Aural message will play.
2. Rotate AC Fuel Pump 2 knob to "Auto".
3. Rotate APU knob to "Start". Follow startup on EICAS gauge.
4. Rotate Generator 1 & 2 knobs to "Auto".
5. Using "Black Panel Logic", press all
switches until all are dark.
6. Rotate AC Fuel Pump 1 knob to "Auto".
Cross Feed should be "Off", DC Pump to
"Auto".
7. TRU 1, TRU Essential and TRU2 to "Auto",
DC Bus Ties to "Auto".
Now that the aircraft is self-sufficient,
you are ready to start the engines :

AIRLINE PACK
8. Confirm Ignition Knobs are set to "Auto".
Red Beacon should be set "On".
9. Right mouse click on the #2 start cover to
open it, and Right click to rotate the start
6

For Microsoft Flight Simulator use only. Not for use in real aviation.

75 International airlines for E-Jets Series.


Exclusively designed by McPhat Studios
Download version available now from www.wilcopub.com

E-Jets Series - Embraer 170/190

E-Jets Series - Embraer 170/190

QUICK START

knob to "Start". Right click again to close the


cover.
10.Repeat to start engine 1.

QUICK START

charts also consider ambient temperature


and ice/no ice conditions), and enter them
via the Takeoff Page 3 in the FMS. On
average, these speeds should be adequate:
V1 - 133; VR - 136; V2 - 142; VFS - 198. Enter
the numbers into the scratch pad (this
process will be explained a little bit later),
and left click the appropriate key next to the
V speed you wish to enter. The V speeds will
appear at the bottom of the speed tape:

FMC (Flight Management Computer) or


directly on the PFD. We'll get back to that
later.
Open the pedestal (shift-4 via the keyboard)
and with the parking brake released, left
click the T/O CONFIG button just above the
throttles. If you are properly configured for
departure, you'll hear "Takeoff Okay". If
you've forgotten something, you'll hear about
it!
A hidden click spot over SPEED will rotate
the knob to either FMS or MAN. In FMS, the
Flight Management Computer will be
responsible for your speed management. In
MAN, the speeds are entirely up to the crew
to manage. Remember that even with this
knob to FMS, the A/T button must be
pressed and the Auto Throttle engaged in
order to have automated speed
management!

APU is
running
Unlike the EMB 145, takeoff data does not
need to be entered/stored into the FADEC,
and although unnecessary, it is possible to
alter the takeoff information via the FMC.
11.Shut down the APU by a left mouse click.
12.Lower flaps to takeoff (2), left click below
the Slat/Flap lever on the pedestal.
13.Confirm your pitch trim is within the
green band. I find a value of 5.9 is best.

You're now ready to taxi to the active and


depart. You will find the 170/190 handle
beautifully by hand. At this point we've not
input a flight plan into the FMC, nor
programmed any other flight parameters that
will be necessary in order to simulate a
commercial flight.
Reference the V Speed chart to determine
your appropriate take off speeds, accounting
at least for takeoff weight (the included
8

Entering VR at 138 and V2 at 131


will result in the V Speeds appearing at the
bottom of the speed tape on your PFD.

TAKE OFF

PFD
MFD
EICAS
Your Embraer sports three glass gauges,
collectively known as EFIS (Electronic Flight
Instruments System). The EFIS is comprised
of the PFD (Primary Flight Display), the MFD
(Multi Function Display) and the EICAS (Engine
Indication and Crew Alert System). Unlike its
smaller sibling, the 170/190 is not equipped
with a Radio Management Unit. Rather, the
Com and Nav frequencies are entered via the

For Microsoft Flight Simulator use only. Not for use in real aviation.

Apply the brake and advance the throttles to


about 70% and confirm the engine readings on
the EICAS are equal and within normal limits.
If everything looks good, advance the
throttles to take off power and release the
brakes. Remember to enable TO/GA. You
may either use the hidden click spot above
the A/T button, or assign a keystroke (default
is Ctrl+Shift+G) to a joystick button in either
Flight Simulator or the E170/190 setup utility.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Speedbrake
Parking Brake
Start Switches
Take Off Config. Button
Throttles. Note TO/GA indicator
Slat/Flap

Lined up and ready to go. Press the Auto


Throttle button on the glare shield auto flight
panel, and note 'AT' is indicated on the PFD.
(c) 2008 Wilco Publishing www.wilcopub.com - www.FeelThere.com

E-Jets Series - Embraer 170/190

E-Jets Series - Embraer 170/190

MAIN PANEL

MAIN PANEL
MAIN PANEL
PFD

After wheels up, you'll notice the Green band


takeoff pitch indicator is extinguished.

according to the Speed Trend Indicator). The


Magenta 'F' is the Flap Retraction Speed
reference. The Green circle is the ideal
speed to select flap position. The Amber
band at the bottom of the tape is the
Proximity To Stall Speed indicator (Low speed
awareness tape). Amber indicates from 1.13
of VSTALL to VSHAKER (for airspeeds below
Mach 0.45). Red will indicate at or below
VSHAKER. Best to avoid speeds within this
area if it your intention to re-use the aircraft.
The Red/White Barber Pole indicates the
VMO/MMO speed (Maximum Operating Speed
Limit). The GSPD is your IRS-based Ground
Speed.
You will also see the following above/below
the Green circle at various times throughout
your flight:

Mouse pointer on the two squares at the


bottom and mouse wheel to vary frequency
values. Hold the CTRL key to change left of
the decimal.
Right clicking on the window will enlarge it.
A second click will normalize it.
One piece at a time:

FS - VFS - Final Segment Take Off Speed


F - Flap Retraction Speed Reference
2 - V2 Min. safe take off speed on 1 engine
AC - VAC Approach Climb Speed
R - VR Rotate Speed
AP - VAP Approach Speed
RF - VRF Referenced Landing Speed
1 - V1 Speed
Airspeed Trend Indicator - The band of white
extending upwards or downwards from the
digital speed readout indicating your speed
trend.

Now raise your flaps, adjust your pitch trim


for a gentle climb and enjoy your flight !

Airspeed Rolling Digits - Displays calibrated


airspeed above 30kts. Green is within normal
range, Amber displays low speed awareness.
Selected Altitude >
Readout

The Cyan '159' at the top is the selected


speed readout. It displays Magenta when
automatically set by the FMS, Cyan when set
by the crew. You can see the Cyan airspeed
set bug just below the digital readout of the
aircraft's current speed (164 and climbing
10

For Microsoft Flight Simulator use only. Not for use in real aviation.

Altitude Rolling
Digits Readout

>

<

Selected Vertical
Speed Readout

<

Vertical Speed
Pointer

<

Vertical Speed
Readout

The right side is the Vertical Speed Scale.


The empty box above the scale is for the
digital vertical speed readout. The vertical
speed pointer is within the scale. The '2600'
within the scale is the digital vertical speed
readout.

On the left is the Altitude Tape Indicators.


The tape indicates actual aircraft altitude,
labeled with tick marks every 100 feet and
single or double-lined chevrons at every 500
or 1,000 feet intervals, respectively. The
Green '1640' is a rolling digital altitude
readout. The Green hashmarked box on the
left of the readout indicates an altitude
below 10,000 feet. The bottom 29.92 is
current barometric pressure. There is a
White altitude trend vector bar on the very
left side extending upward, showing where
the aircraft will be within 6 seconds at
current speed and rate of ascent. There is
also a Cyan selected altitude bug, half of
which is just visible at the bottom of the
scale.

Selected Altitude
Bug
>

(c) 2008 Wilco Publishing www.wilcopub.com - www.FeelThere.com

11

E-Jets Series - Embraer 170/190

E-Jets Series - Embraer 170/190

MAIN PANEL

ADI

MAIN PANEL

FPA ACCELERATION POINTER - Provides an


indication of acceleration/deceleration rates
along the flight path. Moves up/down for
increasing/decreasing values of flight path
acceleration.

MFD
STATUS PAGE

VERTICAL PROFILE DISPLAY

1. Roll Pointer
2. Acceleration Pointer
3. Flight Path Reference Line/Readout (FPR)
4. Flight Path Angle
5. LNAV Deviation (Magenta Diamond)
ILS/VOR Deviation (Green Diamond)
FLIGHT PATH ANGLE - Indicates current flight
path in reference to the horizon line.
FLIGHT PATH REFERENCE LINE/READOUT
(FPR) - Indicates a selected path angle for
reference, when FPR button (located on the
Glareshield Panel) is pressed.

1.
2.
3.
4.

FPA Acceleration Pointer


Roll Scale
Slip/Skid Indicator
Flight Director

FLIGHT DIRECTOR - Shows lateral and vertical


FD guidance cue.
SLIP/SKID INDICATOR - Indicates Slip or Skid if
flight is not coordinated.
ROLL SCALE- Indicates the current roll
attitude. Tick marks at 10, 20, 30 and 60
degrees and inverted triangles at 0 and 45
degrees.
12

1. Waypoint Indicator (TRN)


2. XTRACK
3. Aircraft Trajectory Line
4. Range Indicator
5. VNAV Altitude Constraint
FMS1 - FMS Source Indication
'XTRACK' - Indicates a significant deviation
from the planned horizontal flight path.
AIRCRAFT TRAJECTORY LINE - Shows the
vector trend of the aircraft along the vertical
axis, based on the current flight path angle.
WAYPOINT INDICATOR - Magenta indicates
next waypoint. White indicates all other
waypoints.
VNAV ALTITUDE CONSTRAINT - Bars will
appear above or below the constraint value
depending on your position above or below
the constraint.
SELECTED ALTITUDE INDICATION (Dashed Cyan
Line) - Indicates selected altitude.

Right clicking on the window will enlarge it.


A second click will normalize it.
Displays open/closed doors/hatches, Ambient
Temperatures, Gross Weight of the aircraft,
status of your batteries, oil levels for each
engine. Placing the mouse cursor on the
'Systems' box and rotating the mouse wheel
scrolls through the various pages of systems
information.

MAP/PLAN PAGE

To view each of the available choices, left


click in the empty box and the Green check
mark will appear and indicate it is active on
the display. Click the 'X' to close the option
window.
Viewing the Vertical Profile on the MFD is a
simple matter of left clicking on MAP, and
then enabling by clicking the box next to 'Vert
Prof'.

Remember you may manually tune the Com


and Nav radios either through the FMC Radio
page, or directly on the PFD using the mouse
wheel and Ctrl button. Note once you place
the mouse cursor in the appropriate spot on
the VHF1 and NAV 1 boxes, a blue outline
within the box will appear within the box
letting you know you may now tune the
radios.

For Microsoft Flight Simulator use only. Not for use in real aviation.

In the screen shot below, note the '18.8'


below your aircraft icon.
(c) 2008 Wilco Publishing www.wilcopub.com - www.FeelThere.com

13

E-Jets Series - Embraer 170/190

E-Jets Series - Embraer 170/190

MAIN PANEL

This is a deviation indicator and displays your


current position relative to your flight plan.
Here you are 18.8 miles to the left of where
you are supposed to be.
In this screenshot, the Cyan arrow points
towards the Heading Bug which is out of view.
The Circle/Semicircle indicates a value that
is changeable with the mouse wheel :

MAIN PANEL

on or about your level. ABS refers to Absolute


relation of the contact to your aircraft. That
is, with ABS checked, the contact that is
displayed on the MFD will display the actual
altitude of that contact. Unchecking ABS will
display RELATIVE, and all contacts will display
the altitude of the contacts as they relate to
your aircraft. A display of - 12 will indicate a
contact that is 1,200 feet below your
position. An arrow pointing up or down
indicates the altitude trend of the contact.

WEATHER PAGE
As with TCAS, enabling your weather radar is
a multi-step process:
First, left click on Weather and enable WX,
and TURB (Turbulence) should you desire.

Second, click on MAP and check the box next


to TCAS.

Weather intensity is portrayed by four colors:


Very heavy rainfall is Magenta, heavy rainfall
is Red, less severe rainfall is Yellow, and
moderate rainfall is Green. Little or no
rainfall is black, and not visible on the MFD.

Second, click on MAP and click the Weather


box. Remember to close the Map dropdown
by clicking on the White 'X'.

TCAS PAGE
Enabling the TCAS is a three step process:
First, check the box labeled 'TCAS'.

NOTE: To change the angle of the radar,


place the mouse pointer over the 0.00 in the
WEATHER box on the PFD and scroll the
mouse wheel. A Cyan box will appear around
the Green 'WX' and angle display ('0.00'
above) to alert you. A negative number
represents an angle below the horizon. The
angle will change and display as below:

Third, open the FMC and go to the RADIO


page.

EICAS
The far right glass gauge, this panel gives you
information regarding your flight control
surfaces, gear, engines, fuel, oil, vibration,
flaps and crew alerts.

Here you will find a few choices. Placing the


mouse cursor over the BLW/NRM/ABV and
rotating the mouse wheel will highlight in
Green one of the three choices: Below your
aircraft, Above your aircraft and Normal, or
14

Left clicking on LSK 6 will alternate the Green


highlight between TCAS Standby and TA/RA.
Highlighting TA/RA will enable the TCAS,
presuming you've completed the first two
steps.

For Microsoft Flight Simulator use only. Not for use in real aviation.

(c) 2008 Wilco Publishing www.wilcopub.com - www.FeelThere.com

15

E-Jets Series - Embraer 170/190

E-Jets Series - Embraer 170/190

MAIN PANEL

MAIN PANEL

This is the maximum N1 engine thrust rating


mode indicated on the EICAS (T/0-1). If the
request is invalid, the digits are removed
from the display (91.7). The T/0-1 is the
Thrust Rating Mode Indicator. The Red tick
mark inside the circular gauge displays the
maximum allowable ITT (Inter Turbine
Temperature). It limits thrust, preventing
the engines from exceeding maximum ITT.
The Red line changes to Amber after the end
of the takeoff phase, but will display Red in
flight if the ITT goes above the CON
(Continuous Thrust) rating limit.

indicates appropriate take off trim setting,


going from 1 to 6 degrees. The arrow and
numbers in the box (the Pitch Trim Digital
Readout) will turn amber when set outside
permissible take off setting. An UP or DN
indication displays above or below the
readout box, according to trim set.

Right clicking on the window will enlarge it.


A second click will normalize it.
We'll look at this display one piece at a time:
Displays of fuel quantity in each tank, oil
pressure in PSI and temp and engine vibration
in the low and high pressure sections of each
engine.

This part of the gauge displays the slat/flap


position. Items in green display real-time
surface position. The Cyan pointer indicates
the commanded position along the scale of
available movement. In the above example,
the number "2" indicates the slat/flap surface
position.

EICAS Engine Display. REV will display upon


deployment of the reversers. Green when
fully deployed, Amber in transition and Red
when there is a discrepancy between
selected and actual reverser positions. N1
displays the percentage of N1 RPM. Green in
operational range, Red when limit is
exceeded. The Green pointer is an indicator
of what is shown digitally. Green for normal
range, Red when limit exceeds values. An
Amber FAIL box will display if the engine has
flamed out or shut down without pilot action.
The Cyan OFF is displayed with the engine off
by pilot action.
ATTCS Indication (not
displayed here) will display to indicate the
Automatic Takeoff Thrust Control System
status. Green is armed, White is enabled,
and it is blank when not selected.

N2 is a digital indication of the N2 RPM.


Green in normal operating range, Red when
operating limit is exceeded. FF/PPH displays
Fuel Flow in Pounds Per Hour, per engine.

Displays of the status of landing gear, APU


status and cabin pressure.

The Trim configuration is displayed with the


green pointer in the scales above. The five
tick marks for the Roll/Yaw scale are at 100%, -50%, 0%, 50%, and 100%. The Pitch
trim tick marks are positioned at 2, -1.75, 5.5, -9.25 and -13 degrees. The green band
16

For Microsoft Flight Simulator use only. Not for use in real aviation.

The Cyan indicator within the circular gauge


is the N1 Request Indication, and shows the
momentary difference between the Actual N1
and the N1 requested via thrust lever
position. The Cyan arrow on the outside of
the circular gauge is the N1 target indicator.
(c) 2008 Wilco Publishing www.wilcopub.com - www.FeelThere.com

17

E-Jets Series - Embraer 170/190

E-Jets Series - Embraer 170/190

AUTOFLIGHT
AUTOFLIGHT

Amber:
Red:

Glareshield Panel (Automatic Flight Control


System - AFCS; Flight Guidance Control
System - FGCS; Thrust Management System TMS)

AUTOPILOT APPROACH STATUS


ANNUNCIATOR
This describes current approach status and
some alert levels if necessary. The Left side
displays either the armed status (White) or
the discrepancy between system capability
and crew requested approach (Amber). A
flashing Amber alert function is advising the
crew to correct the RA Minimums, which is
seen as a digital readout on the PFD.

This is the workstation for the lateral and


vertical autoflight controls, thrust
management, barometer and PFD setting
controls. As before, we'll take this one
piece at a time.

GUIDANCE PANEL

Intentionally left blank

The Guidance Panel provides the means to


control lateral and vertical guidance control
and management of the AFCS. It contains
two independent channels (A & B) that
communicate with the FGCS, but only 1 is
modeled in this simulation.

Alert condition.
Abnormal condition.

The Right side displays the current engaged


status. Terminology for the two system
capability levels are:
APPROACH 2 (APPR 2) - ILS CAT II capable.
APPROACH 1 (APPR 1) - ILS CAT I capable.

FLIGHT GUIDANCE CONTROL


SYSTEM (FGCS)
LATERAL MODES
Lateral Guidance

FLIGHT MODE ANNUNCIATOR


(FMA)

Displays indications of autothrottle,


autopilot, active AFCS channel, lateral mode
and vertical mode.
Color Code:
Magenta: FMS commanded active/engaged
mode.
Green:
Non-FMS commanded
active/engaged mode.
White:
Armed mode.
18

For Microsoft Flight Simulator use only. Not for use in real aviation.

(Also known as "How do I steer this thing?")


BOLD indicates FMA display.
FMA Annunciator Color Codes:
Magenta - FMS commanded active/engaged
mode.
Green - Non-FMS commanded

(c) 2008 Wilco Publishing www.wilcopub.com - www.FeelThere.com

19

E-Jets Series - Embraer 170/190

E-Jets Series - Embraer 170/190

AUTOFLIGHT

active/engaged mode.
White - Armed Mode.
Amber - Alert condition.
RED - Abnormal condition.

AUTOFLIGHT

VERTICAL MODES
Vertical Guidance

Only one lateral mode may be


armed/activated at one time. The lateral
navigation (steering) modes are:
Roll Hold - Basic Lateral Mode (ROLL)
Activated when the active lateral mode is
deactivated & when the TO mode is selected
on the ground by pressing the TOGA button.
Heading Select - (HDG)
Activated when the HDG pushbutton on the
Glareshield Panel (GP) is pressed & when the
LNAV, LOC or BC modes are armed.
Remember pressing the center of the
selector knob synchronizes the heading bug
with your current heading! The Flight
Director (FD) will follow the selected
heading and will turn to the side
commanded, even if the turn is beyond 180
degrees.
Lateral Navigation - (LNAV) (press the NAV
button)
The FD provides lateral guidance commands
for interception, capture and tracking. It is
selected by pressing the NAV button on the
GP. It uses the FMS as its source of
navigation data.
Localizer - (LOC) (press the APP button)
Selected by pressing the APP button on the
GP. The FD manages the LOC and BackCourse according to Localizer frequency, PFD
information and the aircraft's position.
Back-Course - (BC)
The FD will automatically select a BC
approach on the PFD. The FGCS provides
commands for capture and tracking of a BC
localizer indicated on the selected PFD.

20

(Also known as "How do I go up and down?")


BOLD indicates FMA display.
One vertical mode may be active and one or
two may be armed at a time.
Flight Path Angle - (FPA)
Except for TO, this is the basic vertical
mode. It becomes active when the FPA
pushbutton on the GP panel is pressed, by
engaging the autopilot when no FD mode is
active, when a lateral mode is activated and
there is no vertical flight director guidance
mode active and when deselecting the
current vertical mode.
The flight path reference line (FPR) is
displayed when the FPA is active. Pressing
the FPR button in the display controller
panel displays the FPR line regardless of the
active vertical mode.
Flight path angle (+/- 9.9 degrees) is
selected with the FPA SEL selector knob on
the guidance panel of the GP.
Takeoff - (TO)
This is an FD only mode and is represented
by crossbars on the PFD. It commands the
aircraft to maintain a pitch attitude
reference. Pressing the TOGA click spot
(invisible click spot above the AP button)
activates the TO mode. TO mode is
deactivated when another vertical mode is
selected, AP/FD TCS button is pressed or AP
is activated. The initial TO guidance is the
flap-pitch indication as follows:

For Microsoft Flight Simulator use only. Not for use in real aviation.

FLAP 1 - pitch 11 degrees


FLAP 2 - pitch 10 degrees
FLAP 4 - pitch 12 degrees
Altitude Select - (ASEL)
This mode captures and levels off at the
altitude selected via the ASEL knob and
displayed on the PFD. A Green ASEL is
displayed on the FMA while the altitude
select mode captures the pre-selected
altitude, then a Green ALT is displayed when
leveled off at the selected altitude.
Altitude select is armed automatically
whenever any vertical FD mode is selected.
Flight Level Change - (FLCH)
FLCH provides flight path command to climb
or descend according to the speed selected
in the Speed Selector knob. The selected
speed is displayed in the box above the
speed tape on the PFD, and when your
altitude approaches FL290, it switches from
IAS to Mach readout during climb, and from
Mach to IAS during descent. FLCH mode is
activated by pressing the FLCH button. It
deactivates when another vertical mode is
selected.

VNAV only selects the appropriate vertical


mode to accomplish the vertical profile.
VNAV sub-modes are VARM, VFLCH, VASEL,
VALT and VPATH.
VFLCH (VNAV Flight Level Change): AFCS
maintains the manual or FMS speed
controlling the aircraft's pitch attitude.
When in VALT mode, the VFLCH mode may
be selected by pressing the FLCH button on
the GP with the Alt Selector set to an
altitude other than the aircraft's current
level.
VASEL (VNAV Altitude Capture): This
captures the Alt Selector altitude or the FMS
waypoint altitude constraints.
VALT (VNAV Altitude Hold): This maintains
the altitude commanded by the FMS or the
Alt Selector. If the VNAV is disengaged while
in VALT the active mode becomes FPA.
VPATH (VNAV Path): In this mode the FMS
flies a constant descent angle between two
waypoints.

Altitude Hold - (ALT)


Selected by the ALT button, this enables the
altitude hold mode. The altitude maya be
selected via the ALT SEL knob. After ALT
mode engagement, change to another
vertical mode is possible only by selecting a
different altitude via the ALT SEL knob.

SPEED CONTROL

Vertical Speed - (VS)


This mode maintains a vertical speed rate.
VS is activated by pressing the VS button on
the GP. It has a range from -8000 ft/min to
+ 6000 ft/min.

Speed control may be manual or automatic


(FMS directed) depending on the selection
on the Speed Selector Knob. The FMS
selection allows the FMS to send its defined
speeds as target speeds for FGCS.
MANUAL - With the knob set to MAN, you are
responsible for speed control during the
entire flight.

Vertical Navigation - (VNAV)


The VNAV may be enabled manually by
pressing the VNAV button on the GP when
altitude is above 400 feet, or automatically
upon crossing 400 feet after ground arming.

FMS - In FMS, the speed commands are sent


from the FMS for departure, climb, cruise,
descent, approach and (if necessary) go

(c) 2008 Wilco Publishing www.wilcopub.com - www.FeelThere.com

21

E-Jets Series - Embraer 170/190

E-Jets Series - Embraer 170/190

AUTOFLIGHT

around. See the FMS page PERFORMANCE


INITIALIZATION on page 1 of 3. Note by
using the "OR" buttons on LSKR3, 4, & 5
these settings may be modified in flight.
Also note if the Auto Throttle is not engaged
you are responsible for speed control during
the entire flight!

AUTOTHROTTLE FMA INDICATIONS


SPDT - Speed on Thrust
SPDE - Speed on Elevator (Flight Level
Change Thrust)
TO - Take Off Thrust Control Mode
GA - Go-Around Thrust Control Mode
HOLD - Take Off Thrust Hold Mode
RETARD - RETARD Mode
SPEED ON THRUST (SPDT)
Thrust rate as programmed to maintain the
desired (set) speed. Vertical modes relating
to SPDT are: Flight Path Angle (FPA) - the
basic vertical mode; Vertical Speed (VS);
Glide Slope (GS); Altitude Hold (ALT);
Altitude Select (ASEL).
FLIGHT LEVEL CHANGE THRUST CONTROL
MODE - SPEED ON ELEVATOR (SPDE)
The Auto Throttle maintains a fixed thrust
setting, and the Auto Pilot maintains the
selected speed via an elevator command.
For small flight level changes (FLCH mode)
the Auto Throttle commands thrust needed
in order to maintain a comfortable
predetermined rate based on vertical speed.
For large flight level changes, the Auto
Throttle commands climb in setting CLIMB
rating and descent in IDLE rating. The
vertical modes relating to SPDE mode are:
Flight Level Change (FLCH); Overspeed
(OVSP).
TAKEOFF THRUST CONTROL MODE (TO)
The Auto Throttle commands the thrust to
TO/GA position when the AT is engaged and
you've pressed the Takeoff/Go Around
button.
22

AUTOFLIGHT

GO-AROUND THRUST CONTROL MODE (GA)


The Go-Around mode advances the throttles
to the TO/GA position.
TAKEOFF THRUST HOLD CONTROL MODE
(HOLD)
The HOLD mode prevents movement of the
thrust levers that could result in nastiness
occurring during the TO phase. It is
activated when TO mode is active and IAS is
greater than 60Kt.
RETARD MODE
This retards the thrust levers to idle position
during flare on landing. It activates based
on a Radio Altitude of less than 30 feet and
the aircraft is in landing configuration.
Once there is weight-on-wheels or wheel
spin-up, the auto throttle automatically
disengages.

ILS APPROACH
(also known as "How do I put this thing down
without breaking anything?")
The E170/190 is capable of two system
capability levels:
APPROACH 2 (APPR 2) - ILS CAT II capable.
APPROACH 1 (APPR 1) - ILS CAT I capable.
FMA Annunciation:

When executing an ILS approach, the


Autopilot Approach Status Annunciator
displays the current status of the system and
will advise if your intended approach is
available with system capabilities. The
RA/BARO selector and RA Minimums setting
are what the system looks to for information
regarding your intended approach. This part
is important, so take a break and grab a

For Microsoft Flight Simulator use only. Not for use in real aviation.

sandwich. I'll wait.

How was the sandwich? Ok, pay attention or


you'll wonder why you can't autoland this
thing.
The RA/BARO selector and RA Minimums
settings are what the aircraft system looks
to for information about how you intend to
land the bird. Note there are two MINIMUMS
knobs on each side of the panel (are you
writing this down?). When ILS modes are
requested by pushing the APP button, the
system will arm for the highest landing
configuration available to it depending on
how the panel is currently set. Kind of
freaky, but it knows this. When it sees all
the necessary requirements are not met, an
EICAS message is sent telling you in no
uncertain terms that Category II ILS
approach mode is not available. It is your
fault. Read the manual.

ALL THIS STUFF HAS TO BE DONE


AT OR ABOVE 800 FT. RA.
If the flap setting is the only remaining
condition that needs to be accomplished for
a CAT II, the "armed" status will remain
displayed until you reach 800 ft. RA,
reminding you there is still something that
needs to be addressed. Annoying, but
important.
Your aircraft is looking for the following as
you approach an ILS situation:
At 1,500 Ft. the system starts attempting to
engage the highest CAT available, based on
current settings.
At 800 ft. the system "freezes" the highest
capability available, and you are stuck with
it.
You may wish to mark these pages.
Just a thought.

Here is what you need to set in order to


accomplish CAT I and II approaches:
CAT I - Set RA/BARO selector to BARO on
BOTH SIDES.
CAT II - Set RA/BARO selector to RA and
adjust Minimums to at least 80 feet.
The operational conditions necessary to
accomplish a CAT II approach are:
1. RA/BARO set to Radio Altitude (RA) and
Minimums at 80 feet or above.
2. Both NAV set to correct LOC frequency.
3. Both PFD's set to correct LOC inbound
course (V/L or Preview).
4. Flap 5

(c) 2008 Wilco Publishing www.wilcopub.com - www.FeelThere.com

23

E-Jets Series - Embraer 170/190

E-Jets Series - Embraer 170/190

FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM


FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
SYSTEM (FMS)
(Also known as "Where The Heck Are We?")

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

LSKL 1 - 6
Scratchpad
Function Buttons
Line Select Keys Right (LSKR) 1 - 6
Tuning Knob

FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

FUNCTION BUTTONS - MENU displays the


menu page. Data Link (DLK) displays the
ACARS main page menu (non functional).
RADIO displays 2 pages of the radio data
from where you may enter com and nav
frequencies. Circuit Breaker (CB) displays
the circuit breaker page (non functional).
Thrust Rating Selection (TRS) displays the
engine thrust ratings for various phases of
flight. Performance (PERF) displays the
performance page/performance Index.
Navigation (NAV) displays 2 pages of several
navigational options including HOLD and
PATTERNS. Flight Plan (FPL) displays as
many pages as necessary to display the flight
plan and progress throughout the flight.
Progress (PROG) displays three pages of
information pertaining to the current status
of your flight. Pressing the BLANK button
displays a small 'K' in the upper left of the
data window, and toggles keyboard entry
into the FMC.

In order to give you a flavor of the


programming of the FMS, we'll use our
ubiquitous flight from Islip McArthur Airport
(KISP) to Albany International Airport (KALB).

In this screen shot, the 'K' is visible in the


upper left corner, signifying the ability to
enter information via keyboard. Note the
'MOD' flight plan. This will remain displayed
until you hit the LSKR6 and activate the
plan, at which time the 'MOD' changes to
'ACTIVE'. Note: If you find your Flight
Simulator is not accepting keyboard input,
check to see if you've enabled keyboard
entry to the FMC! The 'NO PRESENT
POSITION' tells you you've neglected to tell
the FMC your current location.

Left click LSKR2 in order to update the FMC


as to your current position. Without this
step, you'll be navigating by visual reference
only.

Once you've powered the unit, this is what


you'll see. We'll keep this simple and enter
only what we need to complete a flight.
From here, press LSKR6 to initialize your
current position.

LINE SELECT KEYS - Data is selected to or


from the scratchpad, and selects a page if
indicated by an arrow.

Ok, the FMC knows where you are. Now


you've got three choices in telling it where
you want to go and how to get there. You
could choose LSKL6 providing you've already
saved this flight in the format which is read
by the software running your FMC. Your
next choice is to add your route manually.
This is fun but time consuming and prone to
error. Speaking for myself, I'll choose LSKL2
every time. This choice automatically reads
and loads your currently selected FS flight
plan. Easy, quick and no errors.

TUNING KNOB - Rotating with the mouse


wheel or left/right clicks modifies
frequencies and other numeric values.
ALPHA NUMERIC BUTTONS - Enter
alphanumeric inputs, SP (Space Key) inserts
a space, a toggle of the +/- key inserts the
corresponding entry.
PREV/NEXT AND CLR/DEL BUTTONS Previous (PREV) changes current page to the
previous page. NEXT advances to the next
page. Clear (CLR) clears an alphanumeric
entry or message in the scratch pad. Delete
(DEL) works with the LSK's in order to delete
waypoints or other displayed items. This
button is disabled when a message is
displayed.

24

For Microsoft Flight Simulator use only. Not for use in real aviation.

Having pressed LSKL2, you now see page one


of three of your flight plan. Also note at the
top it indicates a modified flight plan (MOD
FLT PLAN). Once you press LSKR6 and
activate it, it will become your active flight
plan and will present you with a new set of
options.

(c) 2008 Wilco Publishing www.wilcopub.com - www.FeelThere.com

25

E-Jets Series - Embraer 170/190

E-Jets Series - Embraer 170/190

FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

in handy.

If you know your departure runway from


listening to ATIS, press LSKL6 and enter it.

This screen will vary widely depending on


runway and airport. Here we have no
options other than to clear what we've
selected so far (useful if ATC changes your
departure runway on you unexpectedly), to
return to the prior screen or to insert
runway 06 into our flight plan with LSKR6.

Had you not entered your departure


information earlier, LSKL6 would give you
the opportunity to do so from this screen.
Also you may always press PERF, and be
presented with a whole host of options from
which to choose. For now, press LSKR6 and
we'll initialize the performance information
so the bird knows how much fuel, passengers
and cargo she'll be carrying, and how high.

Page 2 of 3. When you see dashed lines, the


FMC would like you to enter information. In
this case, how much fuel do you wish to add
for your reserves? This is currently displayed
in pounds, but may be changed to kilograms.
Using the number pad, I've entered 6000
pounds of fuel set for reserve. They don't
refer to me as "Wrong Way" for nothing.
Press LSKL2 to enter the fuel value. LSKR2
will give you further options, too.

Press LSKL2 for runway 06.

And there is runway 06 listed as your Origin.


Now either cancel with LSKL6 or activate
with LSKR6.

Now press LSKL6 to review your options.


Any SID or DP (Standard Instrument
Departure or Departure Procedures) will be
found here for your selection. A quick
review of the departure charts would come
26

For Microsoft Flight Simulator use only. Not for use in real aviation.

Use the three OR buttons to access the page


to alter your climb, cruise and descent
speeds if you intend to have the FMC
manage your throttles during flight.
The "OR" button always alerts you
to further options available
Note this is page 1 of 3. You are okay
leaving this page as is. From here, click on
the NEXT button to access the next pages.

Page 3 of 3, and an important one. Confirm


your transition altitude, which changes. The
United States uses FL180 (18,000 feet).
Other nations use lower levels. Enter the
appropriate level using LSKL1 by entering it
via number pad into the scratchpad, and
then press LSKL1. Your zero fuel weight is
entered the same way in LSKL6. Figure the
ZFW by subtracting the fuel weight from the
gross weight. Go to the menu bar,
Aircraft/FUEL AND PAYLOAD for these

(c) 2008 Wilco Publishing www.wilcopub.com - www.FeelThere.com

27

E-Jets Series - Embraer 170/190

E-Jets Series - Embraer 170/190

FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

figures. Once you enter this as above, the


remaining values will be auto filled for you.
You'll want to enter your anticipated cruise
altitude in the format 23000 into the scratch
pad, and then LSKR3.
Now here's a neat little trick you'll want to
know. Should you wish to "color outside the
lines" just a little, take advantage of the
included Fuel Manager.

Confirm your entries with LSKR6. Once


done, you're presented with the
Performance Data page option.

Keyboard Entry button. A 'K' will appear in


the upper left to alert you.
Your keyboard will NOT transmit commands
to FS until you press it again!

Thrust Rating Select (TRS)

Visit the Performance Index to jump to any


page you may need. Also note the blank key
beneath the FPL key. Press this for keyboard
entry.
By entering 'FUEL' into the scratchpad, and
then entering it via LSKR5, several items will
be calculated for you: Your fuel to
destination will be calculated, entered into
the FMC and loaded into your aircraft; Fuel
to an alternate destination will be
calculated, entered and loaded (providing
you've entered an alternate plan in the
FMC); Fuel for an average taxi and 3,200 lbs
of reserve fuel will be added and loaded;
your Zero Fuel Weight will be calculated and
added. Not exactly "real world", but you
don't have to use it.

LSKR6 for the PERF DATA page.

You may bypass pages 1 and 2. Here on


page 3 we are entering our takeoff V
Speeds. Refer to the V Speed charts for the
values. Entering is as usual: number keypad
to the scratchpad, then LSKL 1 for V1, LSKL2
for VR etc. Navigate to the Landing page,
and eventually you'll enter the landing
speeds the same way.
Nothing to change here. Same for pages 2
and 3. Press LSKR6 for the Takeoff page.

28

Climb-1 is selected, highlighted in Green.


Click LSKR2 to select Climb-2
Click LSKR6 for manual thrust rating
selection options.

For Microsoft Flight Simulator use only. Not for use in real aviation.

Pressing the TRS button brings you here.


The TRS automatically figures the engine
thrust according to the flight phase. This
may also be selected manually, as will be
explained below.
In this screen shot, Thrust Rating is Auto in
Take Off (TO) phase. TLA TRIM is basically a
passenger comfort tool which reduces
excessive thrust lever movements. It is ON
whenever AT is engaged. It will work even if
the AT is disengaged if you have set it ON, as
in the above picture.

(c) 2008 Wilco Publishing www.wilcopub.com - www.FeelThere.com

29

E-Jets Series - Embraer 170/190

E-Jets Series - Embraer 170/190

FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

The FADEC transmits the thrust rating and


N1 values that are figured by the TRS to the
EICAS. This is demonstrated in this manual.
The thrust ratings that are transmitted by
the TRS are:
*
*
*
*
*
*

Take Off (TO)


Go Around (GA)
Climb-1 (CLB-1)
Climb-2 (CLB-2)
Cruise (CRZ)
Continuous (CON)

FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

FLIGHT PLAN DISCONTINUITIES

'ACTIVE FLT PLAN' on top of the display.

In order to remove a discontinuity, you have


two choices:

INTERCEPT COURSE
We've been directed by ATC to fly heading
014 to intercept the 010 radial of GFL (Glens
Falls VOR). Nothing to it. We'll do the
Direct To into GFL, and then input 190 into
LSKR5 (INTC CRS).

* Push the DEL function key and then select


the scratchpad "DELETE" on the LSKL or R
key adjacent to the discontinuity, or * Press the LSKL key adjacent to the
waypoint above the listed discontinuity. It
will appear in the scratch pad. Now press
the LSKL key adjacent to the discontinuity
and you will replace it with the waypoint
from the scratchpad.

Here, I've pressed LSKL2 and entered GFL


into the scratchpad. Now, press LSKL1.

FLYING DIRECT TO
If in the course of your flight you find the
need to fly to a waypoint other than the one
that is next in your flightplan, here is how
you do it:

Here you may set the TO thrust rate mode,


the TO temperature, the ATTCS ON or OFF
and FLEX TO mode. REF A/I is refers to antiice. Here you may select OFF, ENG (engine
anti-ice) or ALL. When anti-ice is in the
AUTO position, you must choose one of these
three options.
The flexible take off options provide
reduced thrust based on assumed
temperature. This assumed temperature is
set on the MCDU TAKEOFF page. The FADEC
determines flexible takeoff rates for any of
the three take off modes, reducing the
thrust and reducing engine wear.

As you see, the flight plan indicates it is


modified (MOD FLT PLAN), and is telling you
the DIRECT waypoint will now be GFL. You
may either CANCEL your command with
LSKL6 or ACTIVATE it with LSKR6.

Another option to this scenario is to simply


dial the requested radial (010) using the CRS
knob, tune the NAV 1 radio to the frequency
of the Glens Falls (GFL) VOR (110.2,
according to the default MS Map), and then
fly the requested heading (014). Ensure the
FMS is not the navigation source and press
the NAV button. The aircraft will turn to
follow the 010 outbound radial when it
crosses the inbound reciprocal (190). Cool,
eh?

Go to the Active Flt Plan page, as above,


and press the LSKL key adjacent to the
waypoint to which you wish to fly. In this
case, LSKL2.

TO-1 is the highest thrust rating available


with both engines operating normally taking
into account the thrust levers at the TOGA
position.
TO-2 & TO-3 are limited thrust settings, as
described on the FMC window.
30

For Microsoft Flight Simulator use only. Not for use in real aviation.

We enter 190 as while the radial we're


directed to is 010, we've got to figure out
the reciprocal of the 010 heading as we're
on the "TO" side of the VOR. So, just add
180 degrees to the 10 degree heading, and
that gives you 190. The 190 radial is
actually the continuation of the 010 radial
on the opposite side (the side we happen to
be on). Now, take the 190 and enter it as
the INTERCEPT COURSE, and then ACTIVATE.
FMS must be the Nav source!

You know it has been accepted by the


(c) 2008 Wilco Publishing www.wilcopub.com - www.FeelThere.com

31

E-Jets Series - Embraer 170/190

E-Jets Series - Embraer 170/190

FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

I clicked LSKL3, TRIKY, at which to fly the


HOLD. Now I may choose to clear it or
insert it into the flight plan.

Access HOLD from either page.

FLYING PATTERNS

The flight plan has been modified (MOD),


and needs to be either canceled or
activated.

It is a simple matter to fly Holds, Procedure


Turns and Flyovers. We'll look at the most
common, Holds.

Any inbound course and/or turn direction at


LSKL2. Above, the entry is South (S) and
gives you a 'DIRECT' entry. Selecting N
automatically gives you a 'PARALLEL' entry, E
a 'TEARDROP' entry, and W a 'DIRECT' entry.
Holding at present position is achieved by
selecting the HOLD prompt from the NAV
index. Press the LSKL key adjacent to the
waypoint on top of page 1 of the active
flightplan.

Press the NAV button to bring up the NAV


INDEX.

If there is no HOLD already in the flight


plan, *HOLD* appears in the scratchpad as
above. If there is a HOLD, select LSKL6 for
NEW HOLD.
Now, select the LSKL key adjacent to the
waypoint at which you wish to fly the HOLD.

This is page 1 of 2. LSKR5 brings you to the


HOLD page. If you advance to page 2, LSKL2
will bring you to PATTERNS for HOLD,
FLYOVER and PCDR TURN.

Now active, note the Green box around the


'H' next to waypoint TRIKY at LSKL3. Your
bird will automatically fly the HOLD. This is
the default HOLD. It could have been
modified as below.
The HOLD FIX at LSKL1 is indicated as PPOS.
Note holding at present position may be
done only when LNAV is captured and the
crosstrack error is less than 0.25 NM.
A HOLD may be deleted from the active
flight plan. Go to the active flight plan page
showing the holding fix. Press the DEL key,
and *DELETE* appears in the scratchpad.
Press the LSKL key adjacent to the waypoint

32

For Microsoft Flight Simulator use only. Not for use in real aviation.

(c) 2008 Wilco Publishing www.wilcopub.com - www.FeelThere.com

33

E-Jets Series - Embraer 170/190

E-Jets Series - Embraer 170/190

NORMAL CHECKLISTS

that has the 'H' in the Green box. This will


delete the HOLD but not the waypoint.
Exiting a HOLD is done, naturally, during the
HOLD. The ACTIVE FLT PLAN page will
display an EXIT prompt. If you press this
before crossing the holding fix, the HOLD
pattern is deleted from the flight plan. If
you press EXIT after passing the waypoint
holding fix, you will turn back to the fix,
overfly it and continue with the flight plan.
You may also press the LSKL key adjacent to
RESUME HOLD.
Flyover and Procedure Turns are both done
in similar fashion.

NORMAL CHECKLISTS
NORMAL CHECKLISTS
COCKPIT SAFETY INSPECTION
Maintenance Status . . . . . . . . . . . . .CKD
Cockpit Emergency Equipment . . . . . .CKD
Electric Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .CKD
Fuel Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .CKD
Windshield Wiper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .CKD
Hydraulic Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .CKD
Air Cond/Pneumatics Panel . . . . . . . .CKD
Pax Oxy Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .CKD
ELT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .CKD
Landing Gear Lever . . . . . . . . . . . . .CKD
Start/Stop Selectors . . . . . . . . . . . .STOP
Speed Brake Lever . . . . . . . . . . . .CLOSED
RAT Manual Deploy . . . . . . . . . . .STOWED
Flap Lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .VERIFY POS
Circuit Breakers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .CKD
POWER UP
Battery 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .ON
Battery 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .AUTO
Batteries Voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .CKD
GPU Button . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .AS REQ'D
Fire Extinguisher Panel . . . . . . . . . . .CKD
APU Selector Knob . . . . . . . . . . .AS REQ'D
NAV Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .ON
Hydraulic Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .CKD
Electronic CBs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .CKD
DVDR Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .CKD
Photoluminescent Strips . . . . . . . . . .CKD
PRE FLIGHT
(LSP = Left Side Pilot; RSP = Right Side Pilot)
call
resps
Pressurization Panel . . . . .SET
Oxygen Masks . . . . . . . . .CKD
Flight Instruments .SET/X-CKD
Thrust Levers . . . . . . . . .IDLE
Parking Brake . . . . . . . . . .ON

34

For Microsoft Flight Simulator use only. Not for use in real aviation.

by
. . . . . .LSP
. .LSP/RSP
. .LSP/RSP
. . . . . .LSP
. . . . . .LSP

BEFORE START
call
resps
Trim Panel . . . . . . . . . . .SET
MCDU . . . . . . . . . . .CKD/SET
Fuel Quantity . . . . . . . . .CKD
Taxi/T.O. Briefing . .Completed
Passenger Signs . . . . . . . . .ON
Doors and Windows . . . . .CLSD
Flight Deck Door . . . .LOCKED
Red Beacon . . . . . . . . . . .ON
Hydraulic Pump 3A . . . . . .ON
Overhead Panel . . . . .NORMAL
AFTER START
call
resps
Flap . . . . . . . . . . . . .____Set
Flight Controls . . . . . . . .CKD
EICAS . . . . . . . . . . . . . .CKD
Dispatch Clearance . . . . .CKD
BEFORE TAKEOFF
call
resps
Takeoff Config . . . . . . . . .CKD
Brakes Temp . . . . . . . . . .CKD
EICAS . . . . . . . . . . . . . .CKD
Transponder . . . . . . . . .TA/RA

by
. . . . . .LSP
. . . . . .LSP
. . . . . .LSP
. . . . . .LSP
. . . . . .LSP
. .LSP/RSP
. . . . . .LSP
. . . . . .LSP
. . . . . .LSP
. .LSP/RSP

by
. . . . . .LSP
. . . . . .LSP
. . . . . .LSP
. . . . . .LSP

by
. . . . . .LSP
. . . . . .LSP
. . . . . .LSP
. . . . . .LSP

APPROACH
call
resps
by
Passenger Signs . . . . . . . . .ON . . . . . .PM
Altimeters . . . . . . .SET/X-CKD . . . .PF/PM
BEFORE LANDING
call
resps
by
Landing Gear . . . . . . . .DOWN . . . .PF/PM
Flaps . . . . . . . . . . . .____SET . . . .PF/PM
PARKING
call
resps
by
Parking Brake . . . . . .ON/OFF . . . . . .LSP
Start/Stop Selectors . . . .STOP . . . . . .LSP
Hydraulic Pump 3A . . . . . .OFF . . . . . .LSP
POWER DOWN
call
resps
Passenger Signs . . . . . . . .OFF
Emergency Lights . . . . . . .OFF
GPU/APU . . . . . . . . . . . .OFF
Batteries 1 & 2 . . . . . . . .OFF

by
. . . . . .LSP
. . . . . .LSP
. . . . . .LSP
. . . . . .LSP

AFTER TAKEOFF
(PM = Pilot Monitoring; PF = Pilot Flying)
call
resps
by
Flap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .ZERO . . . . . .PM
Landing Gear . . . . . . . . . .UP . . . . . .PM
Pressurization . . . . . . . . .CKD . . . . . .PM
DESCENT
call
resps
by
Autobrake . . . . . . . . .____Set . . . . . .PF
Landing Data . . . . . . . . . .SET . . . . . .PF
Altimeters . . . . . . .SET/X-CKD . . . .PF/PM

(c) 2008 Wilco Publishing www.wilcopub.com - www.FeelThere.com

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