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Abstract Modal analysis is a type of dynamic analysis, where real

time simulation data is collected by exciting the structure under consideration. Classically, Modal analysis can be done numerically (using
Finite Element Analysis) or experimentally.
Finite Element Model is a discretized model and thus the model is
approximate. In addition there are accuracy issues, especially in case
of assembly models due to incorrect connection modeling. The damping data needs consideration, as this contributes to the inaccuracy in
the results obtained. FEM implementation for large systems demands
heavy computations and convergence of results may be a challenge.
Experimental modal analysis (EMA) is conducted in a well set
environment having close controls on the excitations given. But the
actual environment conditions may not match with the laboratory
setup. This leads to inaccurate predictions for the systems working under di_erent environment setup. Also, excitation of very large
structures many times becomes di_cult and hence a technique called

Operational Modal Analysis (OMA) has been developed in past few

This technique calculates the modal parameters using only output
data that is measured under the actual working conditions.
This paper discusses the time-domain and frequency-domain techniques used for OMA, [2] [3]. The theoretical treatment for these
techniques is discussed.
OMA techniques require the input signal to be white noise. To
eliminate this requirement, Power spectrum density transmissibility
(PSDTM) method was proposed [1]. Transmissibility based OMA
(TOMA) approach is developed for time-varying loads, such as periodical loads, [4]. These two techniques are also discussed in this

[1] Ivn Gmez Arajo and Jose Elias Laier. Operational modal analysis using svd of power spectral density transmissibility matrices. Mechanical
Systems and Signal Processing, 46(1):129 { 145, 2014.
[2] G. Fabbrocino C. Rainieri. In Operational Modal Analysis of Civil Engineering Structures: An Introduction and Guide for Applications, pages
127{166. Springer, New York, 2014.
[3] Eli Parloo. Phd thesis. In Application of frequency-domain system: Identi_cation techniques in the _eld of Operational modal analysis. VrijeUniversiteit, Brussels, 2003.
[4] Wout Weijtjens, John Lataire, Christof Devriendt, and Patrick Guillaume. Dealing with periodical loads and harmonics in operational modal
analysis using time-varying transmissibility functions. Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing, 49(12):154 { 164, 2014.