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HANDLING

,
INSTALLATION
AND
MAINTENANCE OF
LIQUID
IMMERSED
POWER

SCOPE
SUGGESTED FOR LIQUID
IMMERSED
POWER TRANSFORMER
RATED 500 KVA TO 10 MVA
< 69 KV

CONTENTS • INSPECTION & RECEIPT • HANDLING • ASSEMBLY • STORAGE • TESTING • ENERGIZATION • MAINTENANCE .

INSPECTION AND RECEIPT • CHECK FOR EVIDENCE OF DAMAGE OR LEAKS • INTERNAL PRESSURE – Positive or negative pressure indicates tank did not leak – Zero gauge pressure should be investigated • DE-ENERGIZED TAP CHANGER SHOULD BE OPERATED to ensure that it is functional .

SCRATCHES – Any damage to weather resistant finishes should be repaired promptly • CHECK CORE-GROUND INSULATION – (if facilities for measuring core grounds is provided) .INSPECTION AND RECEIPT • TRANSFORMER SHOULD BE THOROUGHLY INSPECTED FOR NICKS. DENTS.

INSPECTION AND RECEIPT • CHECK ALL ACCESSORIES to ensure they are operating properly – – – – Liquid level gage Pressure relief vent Thermometer Winding Temperature Indicator (if provided) • If supplied separately CHECK HV BUSHING for damage or leaks .

notify the manufacturer.INSPECTION AND RECEIPT • INTERNAL INSPECTION – If there is evidence of damage. .

normally in an upright position • FOR SMALLER transformers.HANDLING • HANDLE TRANSFORMER in accordance with manufacturer’s instruction. otherwise use spreaders . bolt/attach to pallet for easy handling using FORKLIFT TRUCK • LARGER UNITS will have LIFTING LUGS – Cable lifting pull angles should not exceed 30 deg from vertical.

HANDLING • JACKING FACILITIES – Use jacks only under the jack pads – Use at least two jacks. raise simultaneously and evenly to adjacent corners • When using ROLLERS. use as many as necessary to distribute the weight evenly .

.ASSEMBLY • Since transformers in this size are normally shipped fully assembled and ready for service. especially in SEISMIC ZONE 2 or greater. there is little field assembly required • Transformers should be mounted on LEVEL PAD that is strong enough to support the total weight involved • The Transformer should be SECURED to the pad.

switches.ASSEMBLY • Follow MANUFACTURER’S INSTRUCTIONS in the installation of protective fuses. surge arresters and other accessory equipment .

STORAGE • Transformers should be stored – UPRIGHT – Completely assembled with INSULATING FLUID at PROPER LEVEL • Gas space pressurized at approx 2 PSI at ambient temperature • Conduct PERIODIC INSPECTION to ensure PRESSURE GAUGE does not return to zero & PROPER LIQUID LEVEL maintained at all times .

TESTING • Transformer Turns Ratio (TTR) • Winding Resistance Test • Insulation resistance test • Oil DBV • Core to Ground Insulation (if facilities for testing provided) .

5% • Winding Resistance Test – Used to check proper connections and – determine if an open circuit or high resistance exists – Field test results should be within 5% of factory values.TESTING • Transformer Turns Ratio – Used to diagnose problem in the minor insulation system ( winding turn-to-turn and section-to-section) – Measured ratios compared to calculated ratios from nameplate voltage should be within . .

(3 phase capacity for three phase transformers) .5 for oil immersed transformers at 20 deg C E = volts.5 C= 1.TESTING • INSULATION RESISTANCE – Used to measure condition of major insulation system (between winding and ground or between windings) – Minimum value for 1 minute resistance measurement. in Mega Ohms: R = CE/(KVA)0. phase to neutral for wye connection KVA = rated capacity of windings being tested. phase to phase for delta connection.

TESTING • Example: 5000 KVA.5 = 293 Mega Ohms .800 volts R = 1.5 x 13800/(5000). 13.

TESTING • OIL DBV – Low dielectric strength indicates contamination such as water. carbon and/or other foreign matter • CORE TO GROUND INSULATION – Value for new unit should be 1000 mega ohms .

check – Transformer is properly grounded – De-energized tap changer is at desired position .ENERGIZATION • Prior to energization.

MAINTENANCE • INSULATING LIQUID TEST – Frequently for the first few weeks. check for gas or moisture – Thorough test after 3 months and after 6 months – Subsequently at one-year interval .

MAINTENANCE ACTIONS BASED ON Total Dissolved Combustible Gas (TDCG) TDCG Levels (ppm) Condition 4 >4630 Condition 3 1921-4630 Condition 2 721-1920 Condition 1 < 720 TDCG Rates (ppm/day) >30 10-30 <10 >30 10-30 <10 >30 10-30 <10 >30 10-30 <10 Sampling Interval Daily Daily Weekly Weekly Weekly Monthly Monthly Monthly Quarterly Monthly Quarterly Annual Operating Procedure Consider removal from service Advise Manufacturer Exercise Extreme Caution Analyze for individual gases Plan outage Advise Manufacturer Exercise Caution Analyze for Individual Gases Determine Load Dependence Normal Operation .

MAINTENANCE .

MAINTENANCE .

MAINTENANCE .

MAINTENANCE .

5 38 25 .2 20 35 . % max Interfacial Tension ASTM D971-99 mN/m minimum Neutralization Number (acidity) ASTM D974-97 Mg KOH/g maximum Water content ASTM D1533-96 Ppm maximum New Oil Prior to Energization Service-aged oil for continued use 25 45 23 40 .MAINTENANCE TEST AND METHOD Dielectric Strength ASTM D1816-97 KV minimum 1mm gap 2 mm gap Power Factor ASTM D924-92 25 C.015 .05 .

corrosion – Ventilation • Check for trapped insects. dirt accumulation – Accessories and alarm devices • Check annually .MAINTENANCE • EXTERNAL INSPECTION – Check BUSHINGS for • Excessive dust. corrosive gases. salt deposits – RADIATORS • Check for obstructions.

quarterly for the 1st year. then annually • Liquid level (main tank and bushings) – check daily for the first week.MAINTENANCE • Ground Connection – Check annually for continuity • Pressure-Vacuum Gage – Check daily for the 1st week. then annually. . quarterly for the 1st year.

END OF PRESENTATION .