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Appendix E Fueling Up

Motorists often complain about rising gas prices. Some motorists purchase fuel efficient vehicles and participate in trip reduction plans, such as carpooling and using alternative transportation. Other drivers try to drive only when necessary.

Application Practice

Answer the following questions. Use Equation Editor to write mathematical expressions and equations. First, save this file to your hard drive by selecting Save As from the File menu. Click the white space below each question to maintain proper formatting.

1. Suppose you are at the gas station filling your tank with gas. The function C(g) represents the

cost C of filling up the gas tank with g gallons. Given the equation: C ( g ) = 3.03 ( g ) a) What does the number 3.03 represent?

The 3.03 represents the price in dollars per gallon of gas.

b)

Plug in

Find C(2)

2 for g:

C ( 2) = 3.03 × 2 = $6.06

c)

Find C(9)

Plug in 9 for g:

C (9) = 3.03 ×9 = $27 .27

d)

For the average motorist, name one value for g that would be inappropriate for this function’s purpose. Explain why you chose the number you did. G cannot be

− 2 , or 0 , because you can’t put a negative number of gallons into your gas tank.

e)

If you were to graph C(g), what would be an appropriate domain? Range? Explain your reasoning. The domain should go from g = 0tog = 20 You cannot have a negative number for the number of gallons, so g must be 0 or greater. Most gas tanks are less than 20 gallons, so 20 would be a good upper limit. The range would then go from C = 0 to C = 60 .6 , which are the prices for getting between 0 and 20 gallons.

MAT 116

26 and in January 2006 the price of regular unleaded gasoline was $2. 2006). a) If 1997 is What year would be represented by x = 4? 1 . The year 1997 would be represented by x = 1. as it is the first year in the study. 2. f) Assuming this growth trend continues. Similarly. Examine the rise in gasoline prices from 1997 to 2006. Slope = 2. when x = 0 .26) and (2006. Slope = rise/run We divide the change in the gas price (rise) by the number of years that have elapsed (run). for example.2. The linear equation y = 0. then we need 3 years later which is the year 2000 What x-value represents the year 2018? b) Subtract 1996 to get the x value: 2018 − 1996 = 22 c) What is the slope (or rate of change) of this equation? The slope is 0. 60 The gas prices increase by 3. plug x = 22 into the equation: MAT 116 . 1.15 x + 0.31 − 1.05 7 = = 2006 − 2007 9 60 7 of a dollar per year (that’s nearly 12 cents per year).31) to find the slope (or rate of change) between the two points.79 represents an estimate of the average cost of gas for year x starting in 1997. 2005 would be year 9.15 d) What is the y-intercept? The y intercept is 0.79 e) What does the y-intercept represent? The y intercept is the gas price in 1996 .26 1. The price of regular unleaded gasoline in January 1997 was $1. Describe how you arrived at your answer. what will the price of gasoline be in the year 2018? How did you arrive at your answer? To get the gas price in 2018 . Use the coordinates (1997. or x = 9.31 (Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Consumer price index. a) Do you expect the lines to be intersecting. c) Did your answer to part b confirm your expectation in part a? No.11 x − y = − .11 x + 0. parallel. the answer is part b did not confirm my expectation.15 × 22 + 0. The information that went into building these two equations must have come from separate sources. The line y = 0. The line 0. References Bureau of Labor Statistics (2006). Retrieved June 1.bls. Solve the second equation for y to get the slope: y = 0. so they are not parallel.79 = $4. 2007 from http://data.79 represents an estimate of the average cost of gasoline for each year.Pr ice = 0.11 .85 The slope is 0. What did you find? The slope of the first equation is 0.15 x +0. MAT 116 .gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ap. I might expect them to be parallel. b) Use the equations of the lines to determine if they are parallel. 2006).15 .09 4.85 0 estimates the price of gasoline in January of each year (Bureau of Labor Statistics. That’s because the increase in the average gas price per year should increase at the same rate as the price in each January each year. or perpendicular? Explain your reasoning.

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Assignment: Functions and their Graphs
Resource: Appendix E, MyMathLab®
Due Date: Day 7 [Individual forum and MyMathLab®]
Complete Appendix E to apply the skills learned in Ch. 7 to a real-li...

Assignment: Functions and their Graphs

Resource: Appendix E, MyMathLab®

Due Date: Day 7 [Individual forum and MyMathLab®]

Complete Appendix E to apply the skills learned in Ch. 7 to a real-life situation.

Use Equation Editor to write mathematical expressions and equations in Appendix E.

Complete the Week Six Assignment: Ch. 7 Quiz in MyMathLab®. This assignment assesses content learned in Ch. 7.

Resource: Appendix E, MyMathLab®

Due Date: Day 7 [Individual forum and MyMathLab®]

Complete Appendix E to apply the skills learned in Ch. 7 to a real-life situation.

Use Equation Editor to write mathematical expressions and equations in Appendix E.

Complete the Week Six Assignment: Ch. 7 Quiz in MyMathLab®. This assignment assesses content learned in Ch. 7.

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- Quiet Dell
- After Visiting Friends
- Missing
- Birds in Fall
- The Great Bridge
- Who Owns the Future?
- The Wife
- On Looking
- Catch-22
- A Farewell to Arms
- Goat Song
- Birth of the Cool
- Girl Reading
- Galveston
- Telex from Cuba
- Rin Tin Tin
- The White Tiger
- The Serialist
- No One Belongs Here More Than You
- Love Today
- Sail of Stone
- All My Puny Sorrows
- Fourth of July Creek
- The Walls Around Us

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