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Deepwater in Indonesia:

Now and Tomorrow


Sinang Bulawan
Head of Indonesia Deepwater Development Project Supervisory Board

The 3rd Deepwater Asia Congress


Jakarta, 10-11 July 2014
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Agenda

Evaluating a brief case study on the Indonesian Oil & Gas


business

Zooming in on past, present and future conditions

Dwelling into the geology and drilling constrains in Deepwater


Operation

Understanding deepwater drilling: Getting to know the problem in

Indonesia and formulating an appropriate solution

Makassar Strait: The Deepwater Exploratory Consortium

The Current and Future Deepwater Project in Indonesia

The Future Prospect of Deepwater Activities in Indonesia

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Evaluating a Brief Case Study


on the Indonesian Oil & Gas Business

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information access system, used in a spreadsheet, or distributed in any format or media electronic, mechanical, photocopy, recording, or any other form without the written permission from SKK Migas

Indonesia Oil & Gas Working Areas

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Indonesia Production History

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Shifting Roles : FROM OIL TO GAS


1,800

GAS
PRODUCTION
DOMINANT

OIL PRODUCTION DOMINANT

1,600

1,400

1,200

1,000

800

600

400

200

OIL
OIL(MBOPD)

2012

2010

2008

2006

2004

2002

2000

1998

1996

1994

1992

1990

1988

1986

1984

1982

1980

1978

1976

1974

1972

1970

1968

1966

1964

1962

1960

GAS (MBOEPD)

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President Instruction No. 2 / 2012


Maintaining and Accelerating Indonesia Oil &
Gas Production
1. To increase the efficiency and to optimize the
production facilities

2. To optimize and to develop the field production


using EOR technology
3. To optimize PSCs Sharing Facilities

4. To accelerate the new field development and


marginal field.
5. To optimize and reactivate the suspended wells.

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The Policy of Indonesia Oil & Gas


Exploration & Development
1. To maintain the production oil and gas from
the existing onshore and offshore fields
2. To move the activities from onshore to offshore
3. To explore and develop fields from the west to

the east area


4. To accelerate activities in deepwater areas

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Courtesy of Transocean
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Zooming In on Past, Present and


Future Condition

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Deepwater Exploration
in Indonesia
In exploration, deep water could have two context:

1.

Exploration of deep water sediments and play in


present deep water area, e.g. the Makassar Strait.

2.

Exploration of deep water sediments and play in


present onshore or shallow water area (they were
deep water area but now they have been uplifted by
geological forces to become land or shallow water
area), e.g. Java and the Madura Strait

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Deepwater Activities in Indonesia :


History
The first production Sharing Contract acreage
which included a deep water area, was awarded to
International Oil in April 1968. The working
acreage was located in onshore and offshore
Timor.

In 1971, Shell signed a PSC for offshore South


Java deepwater basin. Two wells were drilled, the
Alveolina-1 and the Borelis-1 well, respectively in
water depths of 352 m and 373 m. They were the
first deep water wells in Indonesia
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Deepwater Activities in Indonesia :


History

Amoco was awarded a PSC in 1982 for a deep water


block in the Bali sea. Four wells were drilled in water
depths ranging from 301 m to 482 m. The L46-1 well
was spudded in a water depth of 482 m and flowed
936 BOPD and 295 MCFPD of gas on test. The l 46-1
was the first Indonesias discovery well in deep
water.

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Deepwater Activities in Indonesia :


History
The first PSC in Indonesia developed deepwater
field was Unocal East Kalimantan in August 2003.
The field, West Seno, lies in 3300 ft water depth and
discovered in 1998.
The Development using TLP (Tension Leg Platform)
reached a peak production at 30,000 BOPD in 2004.

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Deepwater Activity in Indonesia:


Exploration

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47 Wells:

Bangka, Janaka North,


Gambah, Giram, Aton, Pari
Nilai Utara, Nakula, Bangka, Gandang,
Gendalo, Gada, Gula, Geng,
Ranggas, Wisnu East

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Abadi Field:
6 wells

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9 Wells:
Aster Field: 5 wells
Padma Field: 3 wells
Tulip Field: 1 well

Discoveries in Tarakan Deep Water Areas, NE Kalimantan Offshore


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Deepwater: Exploratory Wells

2225 ft
3600 ft

6036 ft

12,000 ft
TD
14,100 ft
TD
2000 to 2007

17,608 ft
TD
2004 to 2007

1999 to 2004
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Deepwater:
Future Development Wells (2014-2016)
Bangka

Maha

Gendalo

Gandang

Gehem

3000 ft WD
3300 ft WD
4500 ft WD
5600 ft WD
6000 ft WD

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Geological and Drilling Constrains


in Deepwater

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Future: Deepwater Challenges


Geologically there is no restriction to the
distribution of petroleum potential within
offshore basins. Oil and gas could accumulate in
continental shelf, slope, rise, and basin floor as
long as geological condition for petroleum
accumulation exist. But, to explore and produce
oil or gas accumulations in deepwater requires
high capital investment and high technological
expertise, adapted in difficult technical and
environment conditions.

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Deepwater: Drilling Chalenges


Weather

Logistics
Currents

Template
Seabed
Temperature

Subsea Completion
Subsea BOP
Flow Assurance

Reservoir
Characterization &
Monitoring

Narrow mud
weight window

Shallow Drilling
Hazards

Courtesy of Schlumberger
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Deepwater:
CAPEX Look Like

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Understanding Deepwater Drilling:


Getting to Know the Problem in Indonesia
and Formulating an Appropriate Solution

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Deepwater:
Cost Driver & Recovery
Cost
Driver
Cost Is
Going Up
and hard to
get rigs

Cost
Recovery

Contract Rig
and Marine
Charters
61%

Mobilization
10%

All Other
29%

Courtesy of Schlumberger
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Barriers for bringing a Deepwater


into Indonesia
1. Tight Deepwater supply world Wide

No deepwater unit available locally


Deepwater supply might only be
available 2+ years ahead
Major deepwater upgrade not
feasible
2. Changing Deepwater market
Deep water contractors typically
offer subject to availability with 30
days validity
Priority given for long terms (3+
years)
Competition among
operators/countries
Rigid Indonesia procurement process
in dynamic market
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High Demand Has Driven


Daily Rate Upwards

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A Complex and Lengthy


of Procurement Process
in Indonesia
Indonesia Procurement Process

Total: 12 to 18 weeks

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Potential
Tax & Import Duty
Rig Importation
Temporary Import 2% of 15% import duty per month
If temporary Import not allowed potential for 15% of Rig value
Import VAT
10% of fair market value of the imports plus import duty
Article 22 Import Withholding
2.5% for Indonesian companies with import license
7.5% for foreign entities or if no import license is available
VAT on Goods and Services
10% on goods and services delivered locally

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Makassar Strait: The Deepwater


Exploratory Consortium

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Makassar Strait:
The Deepwater
Exploratory
Consortium

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Makassar Strait
Explorers Consortium
(MSEC)

One deepwater PSC Consortium now established.


The members:
Marathon, StatoilHydro, ENI, Anadarko, ConocoPhillips and
Talisman Energy
To drill deepwater exploratory well in Makassar Strait areas

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Makassar Strait
Explorers Consortium
(MSEC)

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Joining Together in
Unprecedented Cooperation
All Deepwater PSCs recognize the need to work
together in this difficult rig market
Individual companies alone will NOT be able to
attract the interest of rig contractors
Working group between PSCs and Government
(MIGAS & BPMIGAS) will be needed to address
The Unique Challenges of A Deepwater Rig &
Shared Services Consortium

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PSC Consortium:
A Real WinWin Solution
Make a binding rig sharing agreement between
PSCs
Prepare In One Rig tender Package especially for
Exploratory Deepwater Wells
Propose In One PSCs Drilling Schedule for one
period contract
Share Mob/Demob cost
Join together in one team with Government (MIGAS
& BPMIGAS) to simplify AFE and Procurement
process

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The Drilling Result of Deepwater PSCs in


Makassar Strait By Consortium 2009- 2012
Contractor

Block

Wells

Status

ExxonMobil

Surumana

Rangkong-1

Dry Well

ExxonMobil

Mandar

Kris-1
Sultan-1
Kriss Well-1 ST

Biogenic Gas (MDT)


Uneconomic
Dry Well
Dry Well

StatOil

Karama

Gatot Kaca-1 ST
Anoman-1
Antasena-1

Dry Well
Dry Well
Dry Well

Talisman

Sageri

Lempuk-1X

Dry Well

Marathon

Pasang Kayu

Bravo Well
Romeo Well
Romeo B-1
Rome C-1

Dry Well
Dry Well
Technical Problem
Technical Problem

Tately

Budong-Budong

KD-1
LG-1

Technical Problem
Uneconomical Well

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The Drilling Result of Deepwater PSCs in the


East Area of Indonesia

Contractor

Block

Wells

Status

ConocoPhilips

Kuma (Makassar)
Amborip VI (Papua)
Arafura Sea

Kaluku-1
Aru-1
Mutiara Putih-1

Waxy Oil (MDT)


Dry Well
Dry Well

Japex

Buton

Benteng-1 (Onshore)

Dry Well

CNOOC

SE Palung Aru
(Kep. Aru)

Sindoro-1

Dry Well

Hess

Semai V (Papua)

Andalan-1
Andalan-2

Dry Well
Dry Well

Murphy

Semai II

Lengkuas-1

Dry Well

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Different PSC, Different Result


Makassar Strait Drilling Result is not a Nightmare.
Even though the result of drilling produced dry
hole, does not mean the area has no oil and gas
reserve.
The technique and data applied in drilling has a big
influence on the result.
Gendalo-Gehem in Makassar Strait was previously
managed by ExxonMobil, drilling result was nil.
After it was re-entered by Unocal, by using a
different method and technique, a gladdening
result was obtained.

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The Current and Future Deepwater


Project in Indonesia

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PSC Chevron IDD

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PSC Chevron IDD


BANGKA
2 SUBSEA WELLS
TO FLOW TO SANTAN TOTAL RESERVES :
- GAS APPROX : 143 BCF
- CONDENSATE : 3,4 MMBO
TIE BACT TO WEST SENO FPU :
- GAS : 150 MMCFGPD (EXISTING)
- CONDENSATE : 60 MBOPD (EXISTING)

G 10

Bangka

GEHEM HUB
11 SUBSEA WELLS
TO FLOW TO SANTAN TOTAL RESERVES :
- GAS APPROX : 932 BCF
- CONDENSATE : 35,1 MMBO
GEHEM FPU DESIGN CAPACITY :
- GAS : 420 MMCFGPD
- CONDENSATE : 30 MBOPD
GENDALO HUB
15 SUBSEA WELLS
TO FLOW TO SANTAN TOTAL RESERVES :
- GAS APPROX : 2.064 BCF
- CONDENSATE : 19 MMBO
GENDALO FPU DESIGN CAPACITY :
- GAS : 700 MMCFGPD
- CONDENSATE : 25 MBOPD

G 16
C 8

G 20
C 8

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PSC ENI Muara Bakau


Interest

: JV Eni 55% dan GSZ 45%

Hidrokarbon : Gas & Condensate


Drilled Wells : JKK-1 (2009), JKK-2, 2 dir, 3 (2010),
JNE-1 dan JNE-2 (2011)
Location

: Kutai Basin, Makassar Strait

POD-I Jangkrik (JKK) approved: 29 Nov 2011

POD-II jangkrik NE (JNE) approved: 31 Jan 2013


1st Gas JKK and JNE

: Q4 2016

Floating Production Unit (FPU): Hull, Mooring


System, Topside Facilities for 450 MMSCFD

Jangkrik Barge FPU

Gas & Condensates


Export to shore

Jangkrik
Production Flowlines
Umbilicals

Jangkrik NE

onshore dual tie-in points


WD @ Subsea 500m

WD @ FPU 120m

80 km Pipeline(s) : Gas and Condensate to ORF,


Production Wells: JKK (7 wells), JNE (4 wells)

Subsea Flexible & Rigid Production Flow-line(s)


Subsea Manifold: JKK (3 ea), JNE (2 ea)
Umbilical & Subsea Control System

Condensate Export
Gas Export

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The Future Prospect of Deepwater


Activities in Indonesia

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Deepwater Basin in Indonesia

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Deepwater Working Areas by PSC in Indonesia

Total: 45 PSCs

Already Drilled: 13 PSCs

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Incentives of Deepwater Development


1. The oil split 65% for government and 35% for PSC
2. The split of gas 60% for government and 40% for PSC
3. Exemption for import duty and the PSC has no
obligation to submit firm commitment of exploratory
drilling in first 3 years.

4. Incentive package of investment credit and attractive


production split. For depth 200 1500 meter is 110%
and above 1500 meter is 125%.

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THANK YOU
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