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Always factor out the GCF or Greatest Common Factor

Is the equation a binomial or a trinomial



Four or more terms

a -b =(a-b)(a+b)
Ex. 5a -45
-divide by 5
5(a -9)
5(a -3 ) -since (a -9) can also be
written as (a -b )we use
the rule a -b =(a-b)(a+b)
to determine the final answer
= 5(a+3)(a-3)
Factored form:

(a+b) =(a+b)(a+b)
Ex. (q+4) =(q+4)(q+4)
(a-b) =(a-b)(a-b)
Ex. (w-9) =(w-9)(w-9)

If a is equal to one:
Use sum and product method.
Ex. x -x-30

)(x ) - since we know that

a=1 , put x first in the brackets

The 2 multiples that would give us the

value of c, which is 30, are -6 and 5
(x-6)(x+5) - place them with their integer
signs into the brackets after
the x value.

If a is not equal to one:

Use decomposition method.
Ex. 4x -16x+16


-multiply the first and last term

and put on one side, on the other
side write down the middle term.



-find two numbers that have a

Product of 64 and sum of -16


-8+(-8)= -16 -the 2 numbers are -8 and -8

4x -8x-8x+16
4x -8x -8x + 16
4x 4x -8
4x(1-2) -8(1-2)

- substitute the values for the middle

term of the original question
- find GCF for 2 values and group factor
4x and -8x can both be divided by 4x,
-8x and 16 can both be divided by -8
- the identical brackets are written and 4x-8
-final factored form

Sum of squares:
a +b = prime
-Prime polynomials
cannot be factored
using integers alone.
-note: The Sum of
Squares and the
quadratic factors
of the Sum and
Difference of
Squares are
always Prime
Use group factoring

Ex. 3a +ab -3ab- b

3a + ab -3ab- b
a -b -b

-3a and ab can be

divided by a , and
-3ab and -b can be
divided by -b
a(3a +b )-b(3a+b )
=(3a+b )(a-b)
- final factored

My flowchart can describe how to factor because

there are step by step examples included with the solution.
My flowchart shows the non-factor ability of a polynomial
With special cases of binomials.

Aymen Amir