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of civil and structural engineering Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia

Question: Kajang has transformed itself from a small old town to a big modern town by
designing and developing new township such as Bandar Baru Bangi and Bandar Seri Putra as
well as extending its CBD (central business district) such as extension to Sungai Chua. However,
its center is inadequately transformed and most of its residences are working in Kuala
Lumpur and other external areas. Write your vision and plan for Kajang to transform its town
center and to be a self-reliance town. You may use sketches to enhance your vision and plan.

1. Introduction
Urban renewal which also generally called urban regeneration is a program of land
redevelopment in areas of moderate to high density urban land use. Urban renewal
involves relocation of businesses, demolition of structures, relocation of people, and the
use of eminent domain (government purchase of property for public purpose) as a legal
instrument to take private property for city-initiated development projects. Although the
whole process seem tedious and may cause public discomfort, urban renewal has been
seen as an economic engine and a reform mechanism that will enhance existing
community of Kajang.
2. Overview of the Kajang City
Kajang is a town in the eastern part of Selangor, Malaysia. Kajang is the district capital of
Hulu Langat. It is located 21 kilometers from Malaysia's capital, Kuala Lumpur. The city
is governed by the Majlis Perbandaran Kajang with Sungai Chua as the current locational
gravity of growth in Kajang. Furthermore, the soon-to-be-realised Klang Valley MRT
station in Bandar Kajang will boost the property value in Sungai Chua. As of 2004, a few
townships have been developed in Kajang, such as Taman Prima Saujana (straight from
Jalan Cheras), Sungai Chua, Taman Kajang Perdana (Kajang Highlands). Lately, many
high-end developments has mushroomed in Kajang such as Twin Palms, Sri Banyan,
Country Heights, Jade Hills and Prima Paramount. Areas surrounding these new
townships are easily accessible via the SILK Expressway. Kajang is governed by the
Majlis Perbandaran Kajang.
With reference to the four main business strategies namely redevelopment, rehabilitation,
revitalization and heritage preservation, this plan proposes various appropriate urban
renewal directions for the Kajang town centre. Based on the proposed directions, the
urban renewal proposals intended to tackle the key issues identified in the area as well as
transforming Kajang to a self-reliance town.

Figure 1: Kajang as the district capital of Hulu Langat

Figure 2: Kajang city land use map

3. Vision
Conserve history and culture; Synergize with surrounding development; Optimize land
resources; and, Create quality living environment.
4. Recommendation for The Urban Renewal Plan
The urban renewal proposals will include measures in response to different local key
issues and problems with a view to:
Positioning the sub-areas in the district for shaping local character
Revitalizing cultural heritage and designation of a themed walking trail
Enhancing the waterfront and district connectivity
Optimizing land resources for urban renewal
The proposals is divided by two different approach namely location-specific and overall
renewal proposal.

Location-Specific Renewal Proposal

Figure 3: Proposed division of Kajang city centre

Locations marked in Figure 3 shows parts of Kajang city proposed to be conserved. As

these locations house certain landmark of Kajang which represent the historic side and
cultural heritage as well as the citys identity. The overall plan is to preserve this part of
the city, take certain necessary actions and making it as the central attraction of Kajang.

4.1.1. Location A: Plaza Metro Kajang, Jalan Mendaling, Jalan Sulaiman, Jalan Dato
This area is where most trading activities currently takes place in the city. The building in
the area are generally aged and dilapidated, resulting in poor living environment. The
dullness of this part of Kajang is also originated from the traffic condition where all range
of vehicles from cars to motorcycle always occupying the streets making the overall look
of the area unappealing. Despite uniqueness of the old building with a combination of
European and Chinese architecture, their special features sank in the oceans of people
hustling and bustling around in the area.
As an effort towards conserving history and culture of Kajang city represented by this
part of the city, it is proposed that the urban renewal visions for this area are as follows:
Redeveloped as the cultural and Art Living District
Gateway to the inner Kajang city
Relocation of Metro Kajang
In accordance to the old town concept, it was proposed that the existing metro Kajang
shopping mall to be relocated to the inner city and the original location is to be
transformed into a recreational park. The location is fairly strategic as welcoming
gateway to Kajang. Furthermore, the park will be facing the Langat River and can be
integrated to the proposed riverfront project
Transforming the Kajang Old Town
The plan is aimed to transform the dull Kajang Old Twon into more livable and cultural
town. In achieving that, few steps are proposed in the following section.

The future Kajang old town aims to have limited number of transportation mode that
only will include mainly public transportation (busses) and bicycle with a small number
of private vehicle such as motorcycle and cars. To encourage public in using bus as main
mode of transportation to and within the old town Kajang, a new plan of routes that
provide best accessibility will be introduced.

Naked Street concept

The practical application of a naked street involves the removal of all hard safety
measures, including safety barriers, traffic lights, warning signs, speed humps,
pedestrian crossings and road markings. These are all replaced with road surfaces that do
not clearly distinguish between vehicle and pedestrian space, ambiguity in defining
traffic rules, and a street environment that fosters eye contact and human interaction.

This concept has proven to reduce traffic congestion and increase its safety. The
replacement of existing asphalt pavement to permeable interlocking pavers will in turn
benefit the city in term of flood mitigation measures as well as increasing the citys
aesthetical values.

Figure 4: Naked Street shared space concept application in London

In addition to the proposed park to replace the existing Metro Kajang, the overall look of
the city needs to be improved by planting more trees especially along the street to
provide shade and cools down the ambience to provide public comfort and at the same
time encourage public to travel by foot within the city.

Kajang Old Town
Figure 5: Use of shading trees in a city in Serbia
facing the Langat River and that allow an increment in the aesthetics value by including
the river in its landscape. For that a riverfront enhancement is proposed including
construction of parks along the riverside ranging from location A to B (from Figure 3).
Some of its designated function is to provide a space for leisure activities as well as

connector of both locations. This project is believed to bring many other potential
benefits to come including improve in economical and tourism activities.
4.1.2. Location B: Areas of Masjid Jamek Kajang, Kajang Stadium, Bangunan Dato
Issue: this part of the city generally needs improvement judging from the condition of
buildings and traffic.

Recommendation: To fulfill the vision of the city transformation, this part of the city is
intended to be where the new Kajang meets the old. In the midst of conserving its
cultural heritage, introduction of new facilities and trade buildings were to be expected
in the area in order to meet the need for a better living quality and the goal of being a
self-reliance town. It is proposed that the urban renewal visions for this area are as
Integration of new and old
Centre of economic activities
Dining and cultural district

Masjid Centered Concept

It was proposed that Masjid Jamek Kajang to be developed to cover wider range of
activities. The new proposed mosque shall serves as a place where Muslims can come
together for prayer as well as a centre for information, education and dispute settlement.
Masjid Jamek Kajang will be surrounded with new business center and planned
residential areas so that it will stimulate a more effective economic growth. Preserving
its original architecture as it represent the identity of Kajang, addition of water feature
facing the mosque is proposed to increase its aesthetical values. Centre of Trading and Economic Activities

Any future development involving office building, convention centers and modern
facilities will be located at this site. As the location offers wider available land, it can
accommodate the growth rate of the city without causing trouble to the existing
activities going on in the city.

4.2. Overall Renewal Proposal

The overall renewal proposal consist of measures proposed for the overall Kajang city.
Such measures are listed as follows.

a. Provision of public facilities and open space - It is suggested that the future
development should include elderly and rehabilitation related community facilities in
order to satisfy the needs of the site and local residents. Noting that there are certain
number of existing and planned public open space in the vicinity, it is suggested that
only private open space should be provided in the future development for its residents.
b. Designation of public pedestrian passageway - It is suggested to include the
requirement of designation of public pedestrian passageway in the planning brief of
the future development to promote healthy and sustainable living.
c. Provision of parking facilities - The future development should provide sufficient
parking facilities, such as parking spaces and loading/unloading facilities, to satisfy its
own parking needs. If possible, it is suggested that different development agents may
consolidate the provision of such facilities so as to minimize any unnecessary vehicular
ingress/egress points and hence reducing the traffic impact on the surroundings.
d. Smart and green buildings - The future development of buildings and houses in new
Kajang city should use the energy efficiency concept as in EU practices which involves
design of building with large windows to let in sufficient daylight, high ceiling for
better air circulation and optimized layout to make the best use of available space. The
design should also take account the smart ventilation system that utilizes natural
breezes. The future building should also preoccupied with at least solar panel for energy
generation or a smart rainwater harvesting system.
e. Installation of street lighting To increase safety and public comfort during
f. Providing best services This includes health services, waste management, supply of
clean water, safety and public transportations.

5. Conclusion
As a conclusion, in achieving the vision of the future Kajang city, participation, tolerance and
understanding from every levels of the community is highly needed. Each and every parties
should play their role in order to provide the resident of Kajang a brighter and more
sustainable way of living.