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EEE1026 Electronics II

Assignment

T2 2015-2016

FACULTY OF ENGINEERING
ASSIGNMENT REPORT
COVER PAGE

EEE1026 Electronic II
(TRIMESTER 2 SESSION 2015/2016)
Muhammad Firdaus Zulkifli

Degree
Major

-------------------------------------------1121117432

(EE /

--------------------------------------------

CE /

LE

TE /

--------------------------------------------

Q1
50%

Q2
50%

Total
100%

LE /

ME /
OPE /
MCE /
NANO)

Declaration of originality:
We declare that all sentences, results and data mentioned in this report are from our
own work. All work derived from other authors have been listed in the references. We
understand that failure to do
this is considered plagiarism
Muhamma
Amirul syafiq and will be severely
penalised.
d Firdaus
B.Norahmad shah
Zulkifli
(1141125109)
Signature:
Signature:

CD
Yes
No
Submitted:

Date & Time Submittion 26 jan 15

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EEE1026 Electronics II

Assignment

T2 2015-2016

Question 1
Astable Multivibrator
(a)

The astable multivibrator circuit is shown in Figure 1 (b). The duty cycle and
frequency of the 555 astable is 60% and 10 kHz respectively.

Figure 1 (a)

i.

Specify a value for ensure that the average current through the IR diode does
not exceed 30mA.

Ipeak = 30mA / 0.6


= 50mA
In BJT, We assume VBE = 0.7
R = VBE / Ipeak
= 0.7 / 50mA
= 14
ii.
iii.
-

Explain (2 sentences maximum ) the purpose of the decoupling capasitor


the purpose of the decoupling capacitor is to shunt and absorb the noise .on the
other hand ,it makes the signal smoother .
give the reasonable value for the decoupling capacitor
the reasonable value for the decoupling capacitor is 0.1uF .

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EEE1026 Electronics II

Assignment

T2 2015-2016

Monostable 555 Timer


(b)

Table 1: Monostable Operation for various R


R (k)
33
47
68

Wcal
363.000
517.000
748.000

W
360.349u
524.545u
745.779u

R = 33k

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Assignment

T2 2015-2016

R = 47k

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R= 68k

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Assignment

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Figure 1(b): Monostable 555 Timer Circuit

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EEE1026 Electronics II

Assignment

T2 2015-2016

Question 1 (c)
i.
Given,
UTP = +1.8V
LTP = -1.8V
Vin = 10V
Using the following equation :
UTP = - Ri/ Rf ( Vout - )
LTP = - Ri/ Rf ( Vout +)
To calculate Vout , assume the voltage loss across circuit 1V ;
Vout+ = Vin 1V
Vout- = Vin +1V
Substitube Vin = 10V.into Vout (- ) and (+)
Vout + = +10 -1V = 9V
Vout - = -10 +1V = -9V
Find the ratio between Ri and Rf
+1.8 = -Ri / Rf(-9)
Rf = 5Ri

#* from the calculation ,the value Rf larger than Ri,..

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Assignment

T2 2015-2016

Output voltage waveforms ,Vpp = 20V

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ii.

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Rf
+10V

Ri
+
Vin

-10V
FigureQ1 (c)

#* Based on calculation and PSpice simulation there have a slightly difference values of
Vout. It is because the voltage loss during carried out from the circuit .

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EEE1026 Electronics II

Assignment

T2 2015-2016

Question 2

Cwi= 3pF Cgd= 4pF


Cwo= 5pF Cgs= 6pF
Cds= 1pF

I DSS= 6mA
Vp = -6V, rd =

J2N3819

i.

Determine

vGSQ , IDSQ, gmo, and gm

From obtained from KLV and Shockley equation

vGS = - ID vS .(1)
ID = IDSS ( 1 (vGS/ vP ) ) 2.(2)
when IDSS = 6mA, Vp = -6V and Rs = 1.2k..
substitube Rs into equation (1)

vGS = - ID (1.2k)
ID = vGS/ -1.2k . (3)

Substitube IDSS , Vp and equation 3 into (2)

vGS / -1.2k = 6mA (vGS / -6)2

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rearrange the equation ..


(0.2) vGS2 + 3.4vGS + 7.2 = 0
Solve the equation ,will get 2 difference values for vGS .

vGS =

vGS = - 14.512V

-2.479V

however, since value of

vGS =

to find

vGS >> Vp ,therefore

vGSQ = -2.479V

IDSQ ,substitube

vGSQ = -2.479V into equation

(3)

ID = vGS/ -1.2k
= (-2.479V) /( -1.2k)
= 20.656mA

ID = IDQ =

20.656mA

gmo = 2 IDSS / |VP|


= 2(6mv) / |6v|
=2ms

gm = gmo ( 1 (vGSQ/ vP ) )
= 2ms ( 1 (- 2.45V / -6 ))
= 1.18ms

ii.

Av = (vo / vi)
= -gm ( RD || RL )
= -1.18ms ( 3k || 3.9k)
= -2

iii.

Zi = RG
= 1M

iv.

fLG = 1 / ( 2

rd = ( ignored )
value is to large to used

(Rsig + Ri )CG
= 1 / (2 (1k + 1M )( 0.1F )
= 1.59Hz

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EEE1026 Electronics II

Assignment

T2 2015-2016

fLC = 1 / ( 2 (Ro + RL )Cc


= 1 / (2
= 4.9Hz

(3k + 3.9k )( 4.7F )

fLS = 1 / ( 2 (Req)Cs

Req = Rs || (1 / gm )
= 1.2 k || ( 1 / 1.18ms )
= 496.69

= 1 / ( 2 ( 496.96 )( 10F )
= 32.03Hz

v.

fL = fLS = 32.03 Hz

vi.

draw the high frequency ac equivalent circuit for the network

gm

V g s

V gs
rd

R D

R L

vii.

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Rthi = 1k + 1M
= 0.999k
Cmi = (1 (-2))4pF
= 12pF
Ci = 3pF + 6pF + 12pF
= 21pF

fHi = 1 / (2

( 0.999k)

(21pF) )
= 132.73 kHz

Rtho = 3k || 3.9k
= 1.696k

Co = 5pF + 1pF + 6pF


= 12pF

Cmo = (1 1/(-2))4pF
= 6pF

fHo = 1 / 2

( 1.696k )(12pF)
= 7.82 MHz

Viii.

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(b)

Figure Q2 (b)
Answer
High frequency ac equivalent circuit for the network before applying Millers Theorem

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High frequency ac equivalent circuit for the network after applying Millers Theorem

Where Ca = Cgs (1 Av ) and Cb = Cgs (1 1/ Av)

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Therefore, the value of Yti and Yto are follows =

Yti = Gg + Ygd +Ygs (1 Av)


Yto = gd + Yds +Ygs (1- 1/ Av) + Ysn + Gs + YL

Gg = 1/ RG
= 1 / 1M
= 1u-1
Ygd = Ysn = Yds = jw ( Cgd = Csn = Cds ) = jw(1p) = j157.080n-1
Ygs = jw (Cgs) = jw(3p) = j471.239n-1
gd = 1/ rd = 1/ 50k
= 20-1
Gs = 1/ Rs = 1/ 150k
= 6.667-1
YL = 1 / ZL = 1/
=0-1

Using the following equation to find Av .


Av = Vo/ Vi
Find the Vo = gmVGS / Yto

where VGS = Vi Vo

Substitube Vo into Av equation ..


Av = Vo/ Vi = gm (1 Av )/ Yto

Rearrange the equation of Av

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2 m+ j 471.239 n
j 471.239 n+2 m+20 u+ j157.080 n+6.667 u+ 0

Av =

Av

Assignment

2 m+ j 471.239 n
2.027 m+ j785.399 n

= 986.680m j149.83

Av = 986.680m j149.83

To find the |Av|


|Av| =

986.680 m2 +(149.83 u)2

|Av| = 0.987

To find Zi
Zi = 1 / Yti
The value of Yti is from
Yti = Gg +Ygd + Ygs (1 Av)
Since value of Av we already calculated early ,substitube into Yti equation
Yti = 1u + j157.080n + j471.239n ( 1 986.680m-j149.83u)
= 999.93n + j163.357n-1

So ,
Zti = 1/ Yti
1
999.930 n+ j 163.357 n
= 974.073k j159.133k
=

Zti = 974.073k j159.133k

|Zti| = 974.037 k 2 +(1.59 .133 k )2


= 986.951k

|Zti| = 986.951k

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EEE1026 Electronics II

Assignment

T2 2015-2016

The value of Cti can be obtained by using .


Cti = Cgd + Ca
Where
Ca = Cgs (1 Av)
= 3p(0.987)
= 2.961pF
Substitube the values into Cti
Cti = 1pF + 2.961pF
= 3.961pF

To find Zo = 1 / Yo
Where Yo = Io/ Vo
By referring the the figure ,Vo can be found by applying KVL circuit .

Vgs = -Vo

Yto = Ygs +gd + Yds +Ysn +Gs

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By applying KCL into the circuit ,the equation can be obtained


Io = Iyt gmVgs = YtVo + gm Vo
Yo = Yt + gm

Yo = Ygs + gd + Yds Ysn +gs + gm


= j471.239n + 20u + j157.080n + j517.080n +6.667u +2m
= 2.027m + 785.4n-1

Substitube Yo into the equation


Zo = 1/ Yo
1
2.027 m+785.4 n1
= 493.340 j0.191

Therefore to finf the |Zo|

|Zo | = 493.3402 +(0.191)2


= 493.340

|Zo| = 493.340

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