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Moving from Time Based Maintenance to Condition Based Maintenance Presented By: Thomas Linn Qualitrol LLC September,
Moving from Time Based Maintenance to Condition Based Maintenance Presented By: Thomas Linn Qualitrol LLC September,
Moving from Time Based Maintenance to Condition Based Maintenance Presented By: Thomas Linn Qualitrol LLC
Moving from Time Based Maintenance to
Condition Based Maintenance
Presented By: Thomas Linn Qualitrol LLC

September, 2013

Moving from Time Based Maintenance to Condition Based Maintenance Presented By: Thomas Linn Qualitrol LLC September,

Thomas Linn has a strong background of 20 years plus experience in high voltage equipment such as gas insulated switchgear, high voltage bushings, cables, transformers, high voltage testing, partial discharge measurement and monitoring and high voltage test equipment. Thomas graduated from Technical University of Dresden with a degree in Electrical Engineering, specialized in High Voltage Techniques. Afterwards he worked till today with high voltage equipment. 1998 he joint ABB in Switzerland and was responsible for High Voltage Onsite Testing for GIS and cables, PD measurements onsite and PD monitoring of Gas Insulated Switchgear. 2003 he took over the responsibility for the High Voltage Test Labs for routine and type testing mainly for high voltage transformer bushings.

Moving from Time Based Maintenance to Condition Based Maintenance Presented By: Thomas Linn Qualitrol LLC September,

Agenda

Agenda Overview 1. Definitions around Maintenance 2. Traditional Methods and current state of Maintenance 3. Condition-
Agenda Overview 1. Definitions around Maintenance 2. Traditional Methods and current state of Maintenance 3. Condition-

Overview

  • 1. Definitions around Maintenance

  • 2. Traditional Methods and current state of Maintenance

  • 3. Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics

  • 4. Challenges of Condition Monitoring Based Systems

  • 5. Q & A

Definitions around Maintenance
Definitions around Maintenance

Definitions around Maintenance

Definitions around Maintenance

Definitions around Maintenance What is Maintenance? ‘Maintenance are actions necessary for retaining or restoring a piece
Definitions around Maintenance What is Maintenance? ‘Maintenance are actions necessary for retaining or restoring a piece

What is Maintenance?

‘Maintenance are actions necessary for retaining or restoring a piece of equipment, machine, or system to the specified operable condition to achieve its maximum useful life…….’

Definitions around Maintenance What is Maintenance? ‘Maintenance are actions necessary for retaining or restoring a piece

Source: http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/maintenance.html#ixzz2VFFiFfwd

Type of Maintenance?

Reactive maintenance (Run-to-failure maintenance)

Preventive maintenance (Time-based maintenance)

Predictive maintenance (Condition-based maintenance)

Source: http://performancealliance.org/Portals/4/Documents/Committees/NonResQM/OM_5.pdf

Type of Maintenance – Run-to-Failure Maintenance

Type of Maintenance – Run-to-Failure Maintenance Definition: Run-to-Failure maintenance (also known as co rrective maintenance) involves
Type of Maintenance – Run-to-Failure Maintenance Definition: Run-to-Failure maintenance (also known as co rrective maintenance) involves

Definition:

Run-to-Failure maintenance (also known as corrective maintenance) involves all unscheduled actions performed as a result of system or product failure. Basically, it is an attempt to restore the system/product to a specified condition.

Source: http://www.referenceforbusiness.com/management/Log-Mar/Maintenance.html#ixzz2VFbobDte Advantages • Low cost. • Less staff. Disadvantages • • • • • Increased
Source: http://www.referenceforbusiness.com/management/Log-Mar/Maintenance.html#ixzz2VFbobDte
Advantages
Low cost.
Less staff.
Disadvantages
Increased cost due to unplanned downtime of equipment.
Increased labor cost, especially if overtime is needed.
Cost involved with repair or replacement of equipment.
Possible secondary equipment or process damage from equipment failure.
Inefficient use of staff resources.

Source: http://performancealliance.org/Portals/4/Documents/Committees/NonResQM/OM_5.pdf

Type of Maintenance – Time- based Maintenance

Type of Maintenance – Time- based Maintenance Definition: Time-based maintenance utilizes a previously developed maintenance schedule
Type of Maintenance – Time- based Maintenance Definition: Time-based maintenance utilizes a previously developed maintenance schedule

Definition:

Time-based maintenance utilizes a previously developed maintenance schedule for each asset/ equipment. This is much like an oil change on an automobile that takes place every three months or 3,000 miles, whichever comes first.

Source: http://www.referenceforbusiness.com/management/Log-Mar/Maintenance.html#ixzz2VFbobDte

Advantages • • • Cost effective in many capital-intensive processes. Flexibility allows for the adjustment of
Advantages
Cost effective in many capital-intensive processes.
Flexibility allows for the adjustment of maintenance periodicity.
Increased component life cycle.
Energy savings and Reduced equipment or process failure.
Estimated 12% to 18% cost savings over reactive maintenance program.
Disadvantages
Catastrophic failures still likely to occur.
Labor intensive.
Includes performance of unneeded maintenance.
Potential for incidental damage to components in conducting unneeded maintenance.

Source: http://performancealliance.org/Portals/4/Documents/Committees/NonResQM/OM_5.pdf

Type of Maintenance – Condition-based Maintenance

Type of Maintenance – Condition-based Maintenance Definition: Condition-based maintenance involves all actions performed as a result
Type of Maintenance – Condition-based Maintenance Definition: Condition-based maintenance involves all actions performed as a result

Definition:

Condition-based maintenance involves all actions performed as a result of system or product condition, detected by means of condition monitoring. Basically, it is eliminating causal stressors, with can lead to a degradation of the asset or equipment.

Advantages • Increased component operational life/availability. • Allows for preemptive corrective actions. • Decrease in equipment
Advantages
• Increased component operational life/availability.
• Allows for preemptive corrective actions.
• Decrease in equipment or process downtime.
• Decrease in costs for parts and labor.
• Better product quality.
• Improved worker and environmental safety.
• Improved worker morale.
• Energy savings.
• Estimated 8% to 12% cost savings over time-based maintenance program.
Disadvantages
• Increased investment in diagnostic equipment.
• Increased investment in staff training.
• Savings potential not readily seen by management.

Source: http://performancealliance.org/Portals/4/Documents/Committees/NonResQM/OM_5.pdf

Type of Maintenance – Condition-based Maintenance Definition: Condition-based maintenance involves all actions performed as a result
Type of Maintenance – Condition-based Maintenance Definition: Condition-based maintenance involves all actions performed as a result
Type of Maintenance – Condition-based Maintenance Definition: Condition-based maintenance involves all actions performed as a result
Type of Maintenance – Condition-based Maintenance Definition: Condition-based maintenance involves all actions performed as a result
Traditional Methods and current state of Maintenance
Traditional Methods and current state of Maintenance

Traditional Methods and current state of Maintenance

Traditional Methods and current state of Maintenance

Traditional Methods and current state of Maintenance A referenced study from US breaks down the average
Traditional Methods and current state of Maintenance A referenced study from US breaks down the average

A referenced study from US breaks down the average maintenance program as follows:

>55% Reactive

31% Preventive

12% Predictive

2% Other

Traditional Methods and current state of Maintenance A referenced study from US breaks down the average

Note that more than 55% of maintenance resources and activities of an average facility are still reactive.

(Source: http://performancealliance.org/Portals/4/Documents/Committees/NonResQM/OM_5.pdf)

Traditional Methods and current state of Maintenance

Traditional Methods and current state of Maintenance • Commonly accepted practice is to follow Manufacturer’s advised
Traditional Methods and current state of Maintenance • Commonly accepted practice is to follow Manufacturer’s advised

Commonly accepted practice is to follow Manufacturer’s advised schedule, like changing your car’s engine oil at every 3000 miles or three months

1)

A Utility company cannot keep up with time based maintenance in a deregulated business model, and highly regulated environment protection.

2)

Experience and proven studies demonstrate greater asset risk and depending revenue loss when using time based maintenance

Traditional methods lack the needed sensors and associated measurements to analyze, record and suggest preventive maintenance or control actions

Assets like Battery banks, cap banks, underground cables are relatively difficult and expensive to maintain, often underserved by Utilities

Diagnostics, Reporting and control measures are mostly a manual process prone to errors. Requires constant training and retaining large crews.

Traditional Methods and current state of Maintenance

Traditional Methods and current state of Maintenance Cost calculation Full cost view includes secondary (invisible) costs
Traditional Methods and current state of Maintenance Cost calculation Full cost view includes secondary (invisible) costs

Cost calculation

Traditional Methods and current state of Maintenance Cost calculation Full cost view includes secondary (invisible) costs

Full cost view includes secondary (invisible) costs:

Full cost view includes secondary (invisible) costs:

Indirect cost reduction due to longer lifetime

Indirect cost reduction due to longer lifetime

Secondary outage costs (penalties, brand

Secondary outage costs (penalties, brand

Reduced costs for parts and labor

Reduced costs for parts and labor

Moral of employ

Moral of employ

Inventory costs

Inventory costs

Safety aspects

Safety aspects

damages etc.)

damages etc.)

Traditional Methods and current state of Maintenance Cost calculation Full cost view includes secondary (invisible) costs
Traditional Methods and current state of Maintenance Cost calculation Full cost view includes secondary (invisible) costs

Traditional view includes primary (visible) costs:

Traditional view includes primary (visible) costs:

Primary Costs for outages Primary Costs for outages Replacement parts costs Replacement parts costs Storage costs
Primary Costs for outages
Primary Costs for outages
Replacement parts costs
Replacement parts costs
Storage costs
Storage costs
Labor costs
Labor costs
Traditional Methods and current state of Maintenance Cost calculation Full cost view includes secondary (invisible) costs
Traditional Methods and current state of Maintenance Cost calculation Full cost view includes secondary (invisible) costs

Traditional Methods and current state of Maintenance

Traditional Methods and current state of Maintenance 1400 Others 1200 157 Maintenance Defects Equipment Defects 1000
Traditional Methods and current state of Maintenance 1400 Others 1200 157 Maintenance Defects Equipment Defects 1000
1400 Others 1200 157 Maintenance Defects Equipment Defects 1000 800 118 822 139 107 153 600
1400
Others
1200
157
Maintenance Defects
Equipment Defects
1000
800
118
822
139
107
153
600
172
121
477
174
173
386
398
400
342
70
117
166
227
200
246
261
227
215
189
196
194
207
190
0
0~3
4~6
7~9
10~12 13~15 16~18 19~21 22~24
25~
Service years
Number of trouble s

(Source: CIGRE 1992)

In older Equipment maintenance is a big contributor to failure!

Traditional Methods and current state of Maintenance

Traditional Methods and current state of Maintenance
Traditional Methods and current state of Maintenance
Traditional Methods and current state of Maintenance
Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics
Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics

Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics

Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics

Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics Condition-based maintenance is a set of activities that detect changes in
Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics Condition-based maintenance is a set of activities that detect changes in

Condition-based maintenance is a set of activities that detect changes in the physical condition of equipment (signs of failure) in order to carry out the appropriate maintenance work for maximizing the service life of equipment without increasing the risk of failure.

Condition-based maintenance

depends on continuous or periodic condition monitoring equipment to detect the signs of failure.

Condition-based Maintenance Defining valuable data to measure Collecting the data Intelligent data analyzing/ processing Assessing Condition
Condition-based Maintenance
Defining valuable data to measure
Collecting the data
Intelligent data analyzing/ processing
Assessing Condition of equipment
Defining maintenance decisions
Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics Condition-based maintenance is a set of activities that detect changes in

Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics

Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics What is needed to do Condition-based Maintenance? Commitment of Management CBM
Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics What is needed to do Condition-based Maintenance? Commitment of Management CBM

What is needed to do Condition-based Maintenance?

Commitment of Management CBM Concept Suitable Sensors Reliable System Knowledge Data processing CBM relevant quality data
Commitment of Management
CBM Concept
Suitable Sensors
Reliable System
Knowledge
Data processing
CBM relevant quality data analyses by expert
systems
Maintenance decision based on data and Knowledge (automatic/ manually
supported)

Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics

Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics CBM Concept For a suitable CBM Concept the level o acti
Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics CBM Concept For a suitable CBM Concept the level o acti

CBM Concept

For a suitable CBM Concept the level o actions needs to be defined and represented in the monitoring system (different level of access etc.). The responsibilities, the included actions and the expected decisions for each level needs to be clearly defined.

First Level:

qualified data/ warning/ alarms will be provided (System)

Second Level:

Information will be received, reviewed and acknowledged; decision about further actions will be drawn (e.g. by operator with system support)

Third Level:

Received data will be further analyzed; decision about further investigation will be drawn (e.g. by maintenance crew with system support)

Forth Level:

Further investigations on the equipment itself (e.g. time- of- flight, oil sampling); decision about necessary maintenance actions will be drawn (e.g. external or internal specialist with system support and/or additional diagnostic methods)

Fifth Level:

applying maintenance (e.g. repair or replacement by external or internal stuff); the decision about clearance for further operation will be drawn (e.g. maintenance manager).

The above mentioned concept shows an basic example and might varies according to CBM strategy of the equipment owner, level of experience, level of competences etc.

Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics

Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics Suitable Sensors The used sensors should be able to collect the
Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics Suitable Sensors The used sensors should be able to collect the

Suitable Sensors

The used sensors should be able to collect the measured parameter with a minimum demanded sensitivity, which should be proven by means of state of the art methods and documented. The sensors should not incorporate unnecessary risk to the monitored equipment, to OHS and environment. Fixing and connection to equipment and the buildup of the sensor itself and all connected parts should be resistant to the same environment as the monitored equipment itself at least. The expected lifetime should be as long as the monitored equipment itself or, if not possible, at the high end of state of the art of same kind of sensors. In case of a defect of a sensor, it should not result in a fault of the monitored equipment.

Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics Suitable Sensors The used sensors should be able to collect the
Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics Suitable Sensors The used sensors should be able to collect the
Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics Suitable Sensors The used sensors should be able to collect the
Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics Suitable Sensors The used sensors should be able to collect the

Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics

Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics Reliable Monitoring System The connected monitoring system should provide di fferent
Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics Reliable Monitoring System The connected monitoring system should provide di fferent

Reliable Monitoring System

The connected monitoring system should provide different level of access according to the levels in the CBM concept (e.g. red and green light for first level, some data analyses features for the second level etc.).

It should be suitable to withstand the environment where it will be installed. All system failures should create a signalization to first level. The system should be meant for long life operation, equipped with proven reliable components/ parts.

The user interface needs to be so designed, that it is easy to use and all information provided must be easy to find according to the level of access.

The recorded data have to be stored in a save and reliable way.

The system should be able to be integrated to station networks, equipment owner private networks and phone lines.

Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics Reliable Monitoring System The connected monitoring system should provide di fferent

Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics

Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics Reliable Monitoring System – further properties • Scalable System Architecture: 1)
Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics Reliable Monitoring System – further properties • Scalable System Architecture: 1)

Reliable Monitoring System – further properties

Scalable System Architecture:

 

1)

Scalable from single asset to a complete substation, or to include complete Utility infrastructure

2)

Choice of integration in existing SCADA or an independent CMBS

3)

Optional use of Cloud computing, web interface, apps for smart phones

Mature information management and rule packs for data interpretations

 

1)

Minimize nuisance alarms

2)

Accurate interpretation with specific recommendation for maintenance action

3)

Custom reporting capabilities for different levels of organization

4)

Long term archival (1 to 10 years), trending and projected asset availability

Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics Reliable Monitoring System – further properties • Scalable System Architecture: 1)
Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics Reliable Monitoring System – further properties • Scalable System Architecture: 1)
Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics Reliable Monitoring System – further properties • Scalable System Architecture: 1)
Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics Reliable Monitoring System – further properties • Scalable System Architecture: 1)

Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics

Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics Integrated solution - Example of data integration
Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics Integrated solution - Example of data integration

Integrated solution - Example of data integration

Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics Integrated solution - Example of data integration
Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics Integrated solution - Example of data integration
Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics Integrated solution - Example of data integration

Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics

Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics Integrated solution - Example SmartSUB SF6 monitor DGA monitor (8 gases)
Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics Integrated solution - Example SmartSUB SF6 monitor DGA monitor (8 gases)

Integrated solution - Example SmartSUB

Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics Integrated solution - Example SmartSUB SF6 monitor DGA monitor (8 gases)
Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics Integrated solution - Example SmartSUB SF6 monitor DGA monitor (8 gases)
SF6 monitor DGA monitor (8 gases) PD monitor
SF6 monitor
DGA monitor (8 gases)
PD monitor

Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics

Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics Data processing and CBM relevant quality data analyses by expert systems
Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics Data processing and CBM relevant quality data analyses by expert systems

Data processing and CBM relevant quality data analyses by expert systems

Condition monitoring is a joint effort between manufacturers (OEM and 3rd parties, utilities (equipment, P&C, communications) and software developers

The data analyses system should be a development with Utilities, OEMs and University researchers to provide ‘best in class’ modelling and simulation module accuracy to ultimately provide automated link to CBM planning tools.

The messages to the user should be clear and should provide the necessary information to assess the cause of the degradation of physical condition (e.g. type of defect, area of source etc.)

Raw Data From Sensors Signal Processing
Raw Data
From Sensors
Signal Processing
Qualify Data Based on CM Attributes
Qualify Data
Based on CM Attributes
Boolean / Fuzzy Logic Based Expert System
Boolean / Fuzzy Logic
Based Expert System
Artificial Neural Network Expert Systems (Diagnostics & Modelling) Automated CBM Planning
Artificial Neural Network
Expert Systems (Diagnostics & Modelling)
Automated
CBM Planning
Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics Data processing and CBM relevant quality data analyses by expert systems

Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics - Example

Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics - Example Example: Transformer Dissolved Gas Analysis Diagnostic • First new
Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics - Example Example: Transformer Dissolved Gas Analysis Diagnostic • First new

Example: Transformer Dissolved Gas Analysis Diagnostic

First new DGA diagnostic tool in decades

Correct fault condition identification in 96% of cases – surpassing existing tools

Provides fault identification AND severity levels

Enables Exception-Based analysis on “Big Data” DGA databases

Utilizes Artificial Neural Network (ANN) Programming and an Expert System

ANN trained on data sets that marry pre-failure DGA data with post-failure inspection results

Additional analytic elements include:

Harmonic Regression to remove harmonic components in the data, clearly revealing the underlying trends

Piecewise Linear Approximation to accurately assess gassing rate of change

Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics - Example

Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics - Example Diagnostics: • Four fault categories are identified – High
Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics - Example Diagnostics: • Four fault categories are identified – High

Diagnostics:

Four fault categories are identified

High Energy Discharge (HEDA)

Low Energy Discharge (LED)

Over Heated Oil (OHO)

Cellulose Decomposition (CD)

Severity of the fault category is assigned and rated within a 6 level scale

Notifications can be customized by fault category and severity to enable exception-based analysis.

Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics - Example

Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics - Example DGA Visualization example (8 gases)
Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics - Example DGA Visualization example (8 gases)

DGA Visualization example (8 gases)

Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics - Example DGA Visualization example (8 gases)

Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics

Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics Knowledge Management Or “What to do with my Information?” Knowledge Management!
Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics Knowledge Management Or “What to do with my Information?” Knowledge Management!

Knowledge Management Or “What to do with my Information?”

Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics Knowledge Management Or “What to do with my Information?” Knowledge Management!

Knowledge Management!

Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics

Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics Knowledge Management (KM) comprises a range of strategies and practices used
Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics Knowledge Management (KM) comprises a range of strategies and practices used

Knowledge Management (KM) comprises a range of strategies and practices used in an organization to identify, create, represent, distribute, and enable adoption of insights and experiences.

Such insights and experiences comprise knowledge, either embodied in individuals or embedded in organizational processes or practice. (company “know-how”)

KM efforts focus on organizational objectives such as improved performance, competitive advantage, innovation, the sharing of lessons learned, integration and continuous improvement of the organization.

Data and Information are useful, but nowhere as valuable as Knowledge and Wisdom! Condition Monitoring will
Data and Information are useful, but nowhere as valuable as Knowledge and Wisdom!
Condition Monitoring will only be useful if you know what to do with the Data and
Information to give you Knowledge!

Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics

Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics Moving from Data to Wisdom
Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics Moving from Data to Wisdom

Moving from Data to Wisdom

Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics Moving from Data to Wisdom

Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics

Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics Integration of knowledge from past events into expert system
Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics Integration of knowledge from past events into expert system

Integration of knowledge from past events into expert system

Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics Integration of knowledge from past events into expert system
Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics Integration of knowledge from past events into expert system
Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics Integration of knowledge from past events into expert system

Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics

Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics Why condition-based Maintenance? • Asset Manager 1) Avoid Early Life Failures
Condition- based Maintenance (CBM) Basics Why condition-based Maintenance? • Asset Manager 1) Avoid Early Life Failures

Why condition-based Maintenance?

Asset Manager

 

1)

Avoid Early Life Failures

2)

Capture Design and Manufacturing

3)

flaws in Warranty period Benchmark OEMs

4)

Extend Operational Life of Asset

Operations Manager

1)

Maintain high system reliability

2)

Overload assets when needed with confidence and dynamically defined limits

3)

Minimize asset time ‘out of service’ due to impact on above

Maintenance Manager

 

1)

Adopt condition based maintenance

2)

processes Eradicate non value add service

3)

cycles Reduce maintenance budget

4)

Improve safety for on-site personnel

EHS Manager

1)

Improve safety for on-site personnel

2)

Limit impact of issues on general public

3)

Eliminate all risks that could lead to fatalities (No need for business case)

4)

Improve compliance to Environment Legislation

Challenges of Condition Monitoring Based Systems
Challenges of Condition Monitoring Based Systems

Challenges of Condition Monitoring Based Systems

Challenges of Condition Monitoring Based Systems

Challenges of Condition Monitoring Based Systems 1) Availability (or lack) of communications infrastructure 2) Incremental spending
Challenges of Condition Monitoring Based Systems 1) Availability (or lack) of communications infrastructure 2) Incremental spending

1) Availability (or lack) of communications infrastructure

2) Incremental spending in front end Capital Expense, varying rate of return

3) Slow adoption of new standards

4) Lean engineering organizations at Utilities, slow process to change current practices

5) Training the workforce, education for the industry

6) Few vendors offering integrated CMB systems at Global scale

7) Early stages in real-time analytics and dynamic modeling for power systems

“…Condition Monitoring is like insurance….… Everybody agrees its prudent to have it, but nobody wants to
“…Condition Monitoring is like insurance….… Everybody agrees its prudent to have it, but nobody wants to

“…Condition Monitoring is like insurance….…

Everybody agrees its prudent to have it, but nobody wants to pay for it. Anybody could see the benefits, and Somebody always asks why it was not fitted when its all gone wrong………”

References

References 1) WD IEC 61850-90-3 2) Application of Condition Monitoring and Technology within National Grid(UK), Carl
References 1) WD IEC 61850-90-3 2) Application of Condition Monitoring and Technology within National Grid(UK), Carl

1)

WD IEC 61850-90-3

2)

Application of Condition Monitoring and Technology within National Grid(UK), Carl Johnstone, National Grid, UK. CIGRÉ-089 2012 CIGRÉ Canada Conference

3) http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/maintenance.html#ixzz2VFFiFfwd

4)

http://performancealliance.org/Portals/4/Documents/Committees/NonResQM/OM_5.pdf

Q & A Thank you for your time
Q & A Thank you for your time

Q & A

Thank you for your time