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BASIC PNEUMATICS

Properties of Compressed Air

Availability
Easily stored in large volumes
Simplicity in design and control
Provides linear and rotary movement
Low system cost due to low component
cost

Properties of Compressed Air

Components have long working life


resulting in longer system reliability
Environmentally friendly
Safety issues are minimized e.g.. Fire
hazards; unaffected by overloads
(actuators stall or slip)
Pneumatic actuators in a system do not
produce heat (except for friction)

A Basic Pneumatic System


Air Production and Distribution System

Line Filter
Compressor
Pressure
Check
Motor
Valve
Refrigerated
Pressure Air Dryer
Drain
Switch
TankGauge

A Basic Pneumatic System


Air Consumption System

Actuator

Drain Unit
Conditioning
Directional
Valve
Air Line Take-off

Air Compression
Rotary:

Vane

Compressor

Air Receiver
A pressure Vessel (Tank) normally made of metal and installed
either horizontally or vertically. This vessel provides a volume of air
to be utilized by the system and reduced the loading and unloading
of the compressor.

Air Receiver (Tank)

Air Treatment
All atmospheric air carries both moisture and dust

Inlet Filter

Used to remove large particle dirt from


entering the system.

Used to prevent excessive


wear of cylinder, piston rings
and other moving parts in the
initial stage of the system

Air Dryer
Compressed air cannot hold the same amount of moisture as non
compressed air. Once the air is compressed, some of the moisture
condenses in the tank and is removed through a drain valve. The remaining
moisture will rust internal components of the system and must be removed.
One way this is done by sending the air through an air conditioned chamber
which will condense more of the moisture which is present.