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COURSE OUTLINE

ADMINISTRATIVE LAW (LLB 247N)


Part I
Introductory Concepts
A. Administrative Law, defined.
B. Administrative Law, sources.
Mecano v COA, 216 SCRA 500 (1992)
Leveriza v IAC, 157 SCRA 282 (1988)
C. Administrative agencies
Section 2(1), Chapter I, Book VII, EO 292
C.1. Distinction from department, bureau, office,
Instrumentality
Sec. 2(10, (11) Introductory Provisions, EO 292
United Residents of Dominican Hills, Inc. v Commission
on Settlement of Land Problems, 353 SCRA 782
C.2. Doctrine of separation of powers
Separate opinion, Justice Puno, Macalintal v Comelec,
GR No. 157013, July 10, 2003
C.3. Administrative relationships among agencies:
supervision, control, attachment
Beja Sr. v CA, 207 SCRA 689
C.4. Nature and manner of creation and abolition
Pantranco v PSC, 70 Phil. 229 (1940)
Solid Homes, Inc. v Payawal, 177 SCRA 72, 79 (1989)
Abejo v De la Cruz, 149 SCRA 654, 670 (1987)
Secretary of DOTC v Mabalot, 378 SCRA 129 (2002)
Eugenio v CSC, 243 SCRA 196 (1995)
De la Llana v Alba, 112 SCRA 294
Sec. 62, RA 7645
Larin v Executive Secretary, 280 SCRA 713 (1997)
Sections 2-3, RA 6656
Cebu United Enterprises v Gallofin, 106 Phil. 491
Crisostomo v CA, 258 SCRA 134 (1996)
Viola v Alunan III, 277 SCRA 409 (1997)
Natl. Land Titles & Deeds Registration Administration
v CSC, 221 SCRA 145 (1993)
Canonizado v Aguirre, GR No. 133132, January 25, 2000
Bagaoisan v National Tobacco Authority, GR No. 151908,
August 12, 2003
D. Powers of administrative agencies
D.1. quasi-legislative
D.2. quasi-judicial
D.3. implied powers
Laguna Lake Development Authority v CA, 231 SCRA 292
Smart Communications, Inc. v NTC, 408 SCRA 678
Part II
Quasi-legislative Power: Doctrine of Subordinate Legislation
A. Nature and definition
Rizal Empire Insurance Group v NLRC, 150 SCRA 565

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Signe v CA, 387 SCRA 15
B. Kinds: Interpretative & Legislative regulation
(supplementary and contingent)
Eslao v CoA, 236 SCRA 161
Peralta v CSC, 211 SCRA 425
C. Source: valid delegation
People v Vera, 65 Phil. 56 (focus only on pp. 112-125)
Edu v Ericta, 35 SCRA 481
ACCFA v CUGCO, 30 sCRA 649
Eastern Shipping Lines v POEA, 166 SCRA 533
Shecter Poultry Corp. v US, 295 SCRA 495
E. Requisites of valid regulation
E.1. Authorized by law
E.2. Promulgated within the scope of authority
E.3. Promulgated in accordance with prescribed procedure
E.4. Reasonable and fair
E.5. Duly published
E.6. Filed with UP Law Center
Tayug Rural Bank v Central Bank, 146 SCRA 120
Boie-Takeda v Dela Serna, 228 SCRA 329
Republic v Court of Appeals, 324 SCRA 237
People v Maceren, 79 SCRA 450
Echegaray v Justice Secrretary, GR No. 132601, Oct 12, 1998
EO NO. 172, Section 3
Republic v Medina, 41 SCRA 643
Phil. Cons. Foundation v Education Secretary, 153 SCRA 622
EO 200
Tanada v Tuvera, 146 SCRA 446
CIR v Court of Appeals, 261 SCRA 236
EO 292, Book VII, Chapter 2, Section 3(1)
Lupangco v CA, 160 SCRA 848
People v Veridiano, 132 SCRA 523
F. Penal regulations
People v Santos, 62 Phil. 300
Pesigan v Angeles, 129 SCRA 174
G. Construction and interpretation
Part III
Quasi-Judicial Power
Section 15, Article III, 1987 Constitution
PCGG v Pena, 159 SCRA 556
United Residents of Dominican Hills v Commission on Settlement of
Land Problems, 353 SCRA 782
A. Requirements for valid exercise
A.1. Jurisdiction
Globe Wireless Ltd. V Public Service Commission,
147 SCRA 269
A.2. Due Process
Utto v Comelec, 375 SCRA 523
Garcia v Pajaro, 384 SCRA 122
Ang Tibay v CIR, 69 Phil. 635

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Rivera v CSC, 240 SCRA 43
Corono v CA, 214 SCRA 378
A.3. Exceptions to requirements of notice and hearing
B. Related powers
B.1. Rules of procedure
B.2. Subpoena power
B.3. Contempt power
Provident Tree Farm v Batario Jr., 231 SCRA 463
Agusmin v CA, 117 SCRA 369
Section 13, Chapter 3, Book VII, EO 292
Carmelo v Ramos, 6 SCRA 836
Lastimosa v Vasquez, 243 SCRA 497
Section 13, Chapter 3, Book VII, EO 292
C. Quantum of proof
Lameyra v Pangilinan, 322 SCRA 117
Rubberworld v NLRC, 175 SCRA 450
ERB v CA, 357 SCRA 30
D. Enforcement and execution
Lapid v CA, 334 SCRA 738
E. Res judicata
San Luis v CA, 174 SCRA 258
F. Doctrine of primary jurisdiction or Doctrine of Prior Resort
Abejo v De la Cruz, 149 SCRA 654
Province of Zamboanga del Norte v CA, 342 SCRA 549
Antipolo Realty v NHA, 153 SCRA 399
Villaflor v CA, 280 SCRA 287
G. Doctrine of Exhaustion of Administrative Remedies
Garcia v CA, 358 SCRA 416
Gonzales v CA, 357 SCRA 599
Castor v Gloria, GR No. 132174, August 20, 2001
Laguna CATV v Maraan, GR No. 139492, Nov. 19, 2002
H. Exceptions to the doctrine of exhaustion
Paat v CA, 266 SCRA 167
I. Effect of noncompliance with the doctrine of exhaustion
Sunville v Timber v Abad, 206 SCRA 482
Rule 16, Section 1(j), Rules of Civil Procedure
Castor v Gloria,
GR No. 132174, August 20, 2001
Part IV
Checks on Administrative Agencies
A. President
Buklod ng Kawaning EIIB v Zamora, GR No. 142801-802,
July 20, 2001
B. Congress
B.1. Confirmation of Appointments
B.2. Creation and abolition
B.3. Appropriation
B.4. Legislative investigation

C. Ombudsman
Ombudsman Act of 1989 (RA 6770)
Uy v Sandiganbayan, GR No. 105965-70, March 20, 2001
Honasan II v Panel of Investigating Prosecutors of DOJ,
GR No. 159747, April 13, 2004
Ledesma v CA, GR No. 161629, July 29, 2005
D. Courts
Part V
Judicial Review
Chung Fu Industries v CA, 206 SCRA 587
A. Methods of review
A.1. General vis--vis specific
A.2. Constitutional, statutory or based on Rules of Court
A.3. Extraordinary writ of certiorari, prohibition or
mandamus
A.4. Section 9(3), BP Blg. 129
A.5. Rules 43, Rules of Court
B. Questions reviewable
Atlas Consolidated Mining v Factoran, 154 SCRA 49
Amigo Manufacturing v Cluett Peabody, 354 SCRA 434
ERB v CA, 357 SCRA 30
Part VI
The Constitutional Commissions
A. Civil Service Commission
A.1. Composition and qualifications
Article IX(B), Section 1(1)
Article VII, Section 13, par.2
A.2. Appointment and term of office of commissioners
A.3. Appointment of personnel of CSC
Article IX(A), Section 4
A.4. Salary
Article XVIII, Section 17
Article IX(A), Section 3
A.5. Disqualifications
Article IX(A), Section 2
A.6. Removal
Article XI, Section 2
A.7. Functions
Article IX(B), Section 3
Article IX(A), Section 7
Luego v CSC, 143 SCRA 327
A.8. Scope of Civil Service
Article IX(B), Section 2(1)
A.9. Review of decisions
Article IX(A), Section 7
A.10. Fiscal autonomy
Article IX(A), Section 5
B. Commission on Elections
B.1. Composition and Qualifications
Article IX(C), Section 1(1)
Article VII, Section 13(2)

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Cayetano v Monsod, 201 SCRA 210
B.2. Appointment and term of office of commissioners
Article IX(C), Section 1(2)
B.3. Disqualifications
Article IX(A), Section 4
B.4. Salary
Article XVIII, Section 17
Article IX(A), Section 3
B.5. Appointment of personnel
Article IX(A), Section 4
B.6. Removal
Article XI, Section 2
B.7. Functions
B.7.1. Administrative
Article IX(C), Sections 2(1), (4), (5), (6),
(7), (8), (9)
B.7.2. Adjudicatory
Article IX(C), Section 2(2), and (3)
Javier v Comelec, 144 SCRA 194
Canicosa v Comelec, Dec, 5, 1997
B.7.3. Rule-making
Article IX(A), Section 6
Aruelo Jr. v CA, 227 SCRA 311
B.7.4. Regulatory
Article IX(C), Section 4
NPC v Comelec, 144 SCRA 194
B.8. Review of Decisions
Article IX(C), Section 2(2)
Article IX(A), Section 7
Flores v Comelec, 184 SCRA 484
Garces v CA, 259 SCRA 99
B.9. Fiscal autonomy
Article IX(A), Section 5
C. Commission on Audit
C.1. Composition and Qualifications
Article IX(D), Section 1(1)
Article VII, Section 13(2)
C.2. Appointment and term of office of commissioners
Article IX(D), Section 1(2)
C.3. Appointment of personnel of CoA
Article IX(A), Section 4
C.4. Salary
Article XVIII, Section 17
Article IX(A), Section 2
C.5. Disqualifications
Article IX(A), Section 2
C.6. Removal
Article XI, Section 2
C.7. Functions
Article IX(D), Sections 2-3
Article VI, Section 2
Article IX(A), Section 6
Philippine Airlines v CoA, 245 SCRA 39
National Housing Corp. v CoA, 226 SCRA 55
Luego v CSC, 143 SCRA 327
C.8. Scope of civil service
Article IX(B), Section 2(1)
C.9. Review of decisions
Article IX(A), Section 7

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C.10. Fiscal Autonomy
Article IX(A), Section 5
Part VI
National Commissions
A. Commission on Human Rights (CHR)
A.1. Composition and Qualifications
Article XIII, Section 17, 1987 Constitution
Bautista v Salonga, GR No. 86439, April 13, 1989
A.2. Powers and functions
Article XIII, Sections 18-19
Carino v CHR, GR No. 96681, December 2, 1991
EPZA v CR, 208 SCRA 125
Simon Jr. v CHR, 229 SCRA 118
A.3. Fiscal autonomy
Article XIII, Section 17(4)
B. National Language Commission
Article XIV, Section 9, 1987 Constitution
C. National Police Commission
Article XVI, Section 6, 1987 Constitution
D. Commission on Indigenous Cultural Communities
Article XVI, Section 12, 1987 Constitution