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coe ro Bay Area Library and Information Network CALIFORNIA LIBRARY NETWORKING FORUM with Lou Wetherbee as Keynote Speaker by Barbara Kornstein At the networking forum held at the Westin Hotel-SFO on July 19, 1994 keynote speaker Louella V. Wetherbee, library manage- ment consultant, challenged libraries to use technology to transform our organizations, or risk irrelevancy. She believes that there is a “fundamental, long term, and irreversible trend to- ward the storage, delivery and use of electronic infor- mation.” And she stated that she is not sure that libraries, as institutions, will have the flexibility and will to make the necessary changes on the appropriate scale. Ms. Wetherbee noted that technology will enable ‘us to do our traditional tasks more effectively, and will help us make up for shortfalls and. having to do without. But in her view the value of technol- ogy to libraries is that it will help us “re-invent our organi- zations before we become obsolete or marginalized by the tush of electronic information technology.” She is concerned that we have not fully grappled with the meaning of the changes, and therefore have not faced the need for a new vision of our services. ‘She warns that we are in competition with new provid- ers who, as commercial enti- ties, will have the resources to g0 directly to our users, who will bypass us if we move too slowly or are not continually BAYNET WORKSHOP SCHEDULE “Internet-World Wide Web in Libraries” February 1995 To be held at the San Francisco Exploratorium 3601 Lyon Street sensitive to their needs. She urges that we meet these needs “using leading-edge rather than trailing-edge systems.” Ms. Wetherbee affirms the values that we have tradition- ally held, and the significance of our roles as evaluators and selectors of worthy informa- tion, “rather than the merely sensational, easily available, or trivial.” In looking at California's library future, she has several pieces of advice. She realisti- cally notes that our libraries ward at the same pace, since our resources and state of technological development will vary, as will the needs of our Report Cont'd on page 5 IN THis ISSUE: President's Message p.2 Member Library Profile: ‘Armstrong University Library p.5 Interalia: A Walk on the Web Side p.3 Report on California Library Networking Forum pS Copyright Infringement p.6 BayNet Newsletter 1 PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE by Leo R. Bald The BayNet Executive Board has been busy since September in securing a permanent mail- ing address for BayNet and having the BayNet name officially registered with the State. Through an agreement with BALIS (Bay Area Library and Information System) we can now receive mail at their Oakland office. If you would like to write us, which I encourage you to do, send your letters to: BAYNET 405 14th St,, suite 211 Oakland CA 94612-2704. You may also contact the Board by e-mail through Internet, the address is: baynet@library Plans are in the works to create an e-mail list server so that all BayNet members may have the option of posting messages for one another electronically. As for the registration of the BayNet name, thanks to the pro bono efforts of attorney Don Beeson, husband of former BayNet board member Lone Beeson, we have submitted papers to the State to register the BayNet name. This gives us some legal standing should we find other organizations using it. We want to prevent any confusion in the library community about what events are sponsored by us. Our recent free workshop, held at MTC/ ABAG, on public legislative and legal resources available electronically is an example of the type of presentation that many BayNet members have requested. We are always interested in developing workshops that help you keep current with advances in the technologies you use for library services. Please let us know what other types of presentations and information you find useful. BayNet is making efforts to recruit more members and hold workshops in the counties of Marin, Napa, San Mateo, Santa Clara, Santa Cruz, Solano, and Sonoma. If your library is in one of these counties and it is not a member of BayNet, please note that membership is still 2 BayNet Newsletter only $50 year. The advantage of making connections with other librarians through BayNet events and learning about new re- sources can add to your professional develop- ment. I recently met informally with Kevin Starr, the new California State Librarian, to enlighten him about BayNet and our role as a multi-type library organization serving libraries in the greater San Francisco Bay Area. As work goes forward defining the projects to be under- taken in Region II, BayNet will continue to seek the active support, fiscal and moral, of the State Library whenever appropriate. Look forward to seeing you at either our next workshop, which will be held at the Exploratorium, or at the annual meeting in May. Should you and your library be willing to host the annual meeting, send me a note at one of the addresses mentioned above. E-MAIL TO BAYNET Send a Message to the BayNet Executive Board BayNet members can e-mail messages to the Executive Board through the Internet at This is one of the fastest ways to correspond with the Board as well as keeping the Board ‘updated on your library's affairs and events. ‘THE BAYNET NEWSLETTER is pub- lished three times a year. The newsletter is free to BayNet mem- bers. Submissions from members are welcome. Please contact the Editor Renée J. Dyer Alameda County Law Library 1225 Fallon Street Rm 200 Oakland, CA 94612 (510)272-6489 FAX (510) 763-3753 Membership is open to any library in the Bay Area. For further information, contact the Membership Chair, Sara O'Keefe, c/o BALIS, 405 14th St. Ste. 211, Oakland, CA 94612-2704. Interalia: A Walk on the Web Side by Rose Falanga Just when you thought it was safe to be out on the Internet, along comes some- thing that resets your experi- ence clock to zero. One of the hottest new Internet develop- ments is the World Wide Web. At the Exploratorium we show itas an exhibit on the museum floor. Even the casual pass- erby is impressed by the colors and sounds: where else can you dial up a digitized record- ing of Socks, the White House Cat? But the World Wide Web (also known as the Web and WWW ) is much more, and in some ways much less than the sound of one cat meowing. It is, for many, representative of the best and the worst of the Internet. ‘The Web was developed in 1989 by Tim Berners-Lee, a researcher at CERN, the Euro- pean Laboratory for Particle Physics in Geneva. It uses hypertext which lets you move from one document to another by using simple, intuitive ‘commands with lots of click- ing—definitely not for the mouse-phobic! The most important innovation of WWW is that it also supports multi- ‘media so that pictures, sounds and full- motion video can be displayed as well as text. Even the text is not the plain vanilla you are used to in the rest of the Internet: the Web has the ability to use formatting codes for titles, and font types and sizes Internally, the Web uses a system of servers and brows- ers. A server is a program that sends information to other computers in response to queries, while a browser is a program that runs on the computer used by the person looking for information. The most popular browser is called Mosaic. Versions of Mosaic are now available for Macintosh, Windows and X-Windows. The result is a dynamic, attractive, and relatively easy- to-use interface which is used by scientific institutions, universities, large businesses and some libraries. When you develop a Web Server, you start by bringing up a WWW Home Page, as a place to start that is unique to your organiza- tion. Baynet members that have WWW Home Pages include the University of California at Berkeley, ABAG (Association of Bay Area Governments) and the Exploratorium. The Web has jokes (Dr. Fun), current events (Comet Shoemaker-Levy 19), education (Museum Subway) and much more, So with all this good, what could be bad? Steve Cisler, in his excellent article, “What's wrong with Mosaic?” Internet@L] column, Library Journal, v 119, # 12, July 1994, p. 32+, calls the Web “self- ‘governing chaos” and dis- cusses problems with the lack of organization and slowness. Compared to the rest of the Internet, itis hard to find things unless you already know where they are. The slowness comes from both the congestion at popular Web sites and the time it takes to access and display large images. A single picture can be several megabytes large and take many minutes to transfer. A larger problem is the inabil- ity of the average Internet user to access the WWW at all. The first hurdle is the connection. Most Web users have a direct connection to the Internet, that is, they are using ‘a computer connected by internal cable, not phone lines, to an Internet server which is either in their building or nearby in a local or wide-area network. Because of the need for great transmission speed, it is impractical is get to the Web over ordinary phone lines. ‘You can have special connec- tions, called SLIP or PPP,or other higher-speed phone line options installed, and the good news about that is that they are becoming more available and less expensive. In the past all you needed to access all that was available on the Internet was a simple, low-level computer with a decent modem. However, those who want to see the Web in all its glory need newer, faster, higher-RAM computers with large hard drives, not to mention a color monitor, sound Cont'd on page 4 BayNet Newsletter 3