35 views

Original Title: Chapter 23

Uploaded by Sai Kane

- YL-195 Motor - Electric Traction & Electrical Control Trainer - YALONG (China) - Education Appliances - Office Supplies Products - DIYTrade
- P. C. Sen - Principles of Electric Machines 2ed
- motores plataformas jaso gp-40
- Anna University ECE Engineering - Lecture Notes, Study Materials and Important questions answers
- EDC NOTES
- Diferente Intre Axial Si Radial
- Electrical Machine Design II
- AC Machines
- Cm 36532538
- formulae ee
- Induction Machines Paper 2
- 1800 Mm Blades and Generator
- Demand Side Management Motor Control Using Multilevel Inverter
- PPT on Training
- Ssd 2 Marks With Answers
- e1x13m F- 16kva
- QP
- machine manual.pdf
- Speed Control of A Grid Connected Doubly-Fed Induction Generator system for Maximum Power point Tracking with Improved power factor Employing Matrix Converter as slip power exchanger.pdf
- 33085.pdf

You are on page 1of 10

1. The synchronous speed of a 3-phase, 4-pole induction motor is 60 rev/s. Determine the

frequency of the supply to the stator windings.

Synchronous speed,

ns

f

p

ns

p=

60

2 = 120 Hz

2. The synchronous speed of a 3-phase induction motor is 25 rev/s and the frequency of the supply

to the stator is 50 Hz. Calculate the equivalent number of pairs of poles of the motor.

ns

f

p

f

50

3. A 6-pole, 3-phase induction motor is connected to a 300 Hz supply. Determine the speed of

rotation of the magnetic field produced by the stator.

ns

Speed of rotation,

f 300

6

p

2 = 100 rev/s

310

1. A 6-pole, 3-phase induction motor runs at 970 rev/min at a certain load. If the stator is connected

to a 50 Hz supply, find the percentage slip at this load.

ns

f 50 50

p 6

3

2

= 16.667 rev/s

Synchronous speed,

970

nr

60 = 16.167 rev/s

Rotor speed,

Hence, slip, s =

n s n r

16.667 16.167

100%

100%

16.667

ns

= 3%

2. A 3-phase, 50 Hz induction motor has 8 poles. If the full load slip is 2.5%, determine (a) the

synchronous speed, (b) the rotor speed, and (c) the frequency of the rotor e.m.f.s.

ns

(b) Slip, s =

n s n r

100%

n

s

f 50

p 8

2 = 12.5 rev/s or 12.5 60 = 750 rev/min

i.e.

12.5 n r

100%

12.5

2.5

2.5 12.5

i.e.

and

100

rotor speed,

12.5 n r

n r 12.5

2.5 12.5

100

= 12.5 0.3125

12.1875 60 = 731 rev/min

= 12.1875 rev/s or

(c) Since the synchronous speed is 12.5 rev/s and that of the rotor is 12.1876 rev/s, the rotating

magnetic field cuts the rotor bars at (12.5 12.1875), i.e. 0.3125 rev/s.

n s p 0.3125

8

2 = 1.25 Hz

311

3. A three-phase induction motor is supplied from a 60 Hz supply and runs at 1710 rev/min when

the slip is 5%. Determine the synchronous speed.

ns nr

Slip, s = n s

1710

60 = 28.5 rev/s

n 28.5

5

s

100

ns

Hence,

and

nr

0.05

ns

ns

- 28.5

i.e.

28.5

from which, synchronous speed, n s = 0.95 = 30 rev/s or 30 60 = 1800 rev/min

4. A 4-pole, 3-phase, 50 Hz induction motor runs at 1440 rev/min at full load. Calculate (a) the

synchronous speed, (b) the slip and (c) the frequency of the rotor induced e.m.f.s.

ns

n s n r

100%

ns

(b) Slip, s =

i.e.

f

(c) n = p

f 50

p 4

2 = 25 rev/s or 25 60 = 1500 rev/min

where

nr

1440

60 = 24 rev/s

100

25 24

100%

25

25 = 4%

slip, s =

4

or frequency of the rotor induced e.m.f.s, f = n p = (25 24) 2 = 2 Hz

312

1. A 12-pole, 3-phase, 50 Hz induction motor runs at 475 rev/min. Calculate (a) the slip speed,

(b) the percentage slip and (c) the frequency of the rotor currents.

ns

f 50 50

p 12 6

2

= 8.3333 rev/s

475

nr

60 = 7.9167 rev/s

Rotor speed,

Hence, slip speed =

(b) Slip, s =

ns n r

n s n r

8.3333 7.9167

100%

100%

8.3333

ns

= 5%

2. The frequency of the supply to the stator of a 6-pole induction motor is 50 Hz and the rotor

frequency is 2 Hz. Determine (a) the slip, and (b) the rotor speed in rev/min.

fr s f

i.e.

2

slip, s = 50 = 0.04 or 4%

from which,

(b) Slip, s =

n s n r

ns

from which,

2 = s(50)

ns

where

f 50 50

p 6

3

2

s ns ns nr

n r n s s n s n s (1 s)

50

1 0.04

3

John Bird Published by Taylor and Francis

313

1. The power supplied to a three-phase induction motor is 50 kW and the stator losses are 2 kW. If

the slip is 4%, determine (a) the rotor copper loss, (b) the mechanical power developed by the

rotor, (c) the output power of the motor if friction and windage losses are 1 kW, and (d) the

efficiency of the motor, neglecting rotor iron losses.

(a) Input power to rotor = stator input power stator losses

= 50 kW 2 kW = 48 kW

rotor copper loss

rotor input

Slip =

from which,

i.e.

4

rotor copper loss

100

48

(b) Total mechanical power developed by the rotor = rotor input power rotor losses

= 48 1.92 = 46.08 kW

(c) Output power of the motor = power developed by the rotor friction and windage losses

= 46.08 1 = 45.08 kW

(d) Efficiency,

output power

45.08

100%

100%

50

input power

= 90.16%

2. By using external rotor resistance, the speed of the induction motor in problem 1 is reduced to

40% of its synchronous speed. If the torque and stator losses are unchanged, calculate (a) the

rotor copper loss, and (b) the efficiency of the motor.

(a) Slip, s =

n s n r

n s 0.4 n s

0.6 n s

100%

100%

100%

ns

ns

ns

= 60%

John Bird Published by Taylor and Francis

314

rotor input

Since slip, s =

= 0.60(48) = 28.80 kW

(b) Power developed by rotor = input power to rotor rotor copper loss

= 48 28.80 = 19.20 kW

Output power of motor = power developed by rotor friction and windage losses

= 19.20 1 = 18.20 kW

output power

18.20

100%

100%

50

input power

= 36.40%

315

1. A 400 V, three-phase, 50 Hz, 2-pole, star-connected induction motor runs at 48.5 rev/s on full

load. The rotor resistance and reactance per phase are 0.4 and 4.0 respectively, and the

effective rotor-stator turns ration is 0.8:1. Calculate (a) the synchronous speed, (b) the slip, (c) the

full load torque, (d) the power output if mechanical losses amount to 500 W, (e) the maximum

torque, (f) the speed at which maximum torque occurs, and (g) the starting torque.

ns

f 50

p 2

2 = 50 rev/s

or 3000 rev/min

n s n r

1.5

50 48.5

ns

50

50

(b) Slip, s =

= 0.03 or 3%

(c) Phase voltage,

E1

400

3 = 230.94 V

N

m 2

N1

2 n

s

s E12 R 2

R 2 s X 2

2 2

3(0.8)2

2(50)

0.03(230.94)2 (0.4)

2

2

0.4 0.03 4.0

639.9994

Hence, output power =

Pm

Pm 2 n r T 2(48.5)(22.43)

= 6835 W

R 2 0.4

X

4.0 = 0.1

2

Slip, s =

316

Tm 0.00611155

(0.00611155)

R 2 sX 2

0.42 0.42

2

2

s E12 R 2

2133.3331

0.32 = 40.74 N m

= (0.00611155)

Slip, s =

n s n r

ns

i.e.

50 n r

50

0.1

(0.1)(50) 50 n r

i.e.

and

n r 50 (0.1)(50)

n r 50 5

N

m 2

N1

2 n

s

(230.94) 2 (0.4)

E12 R 2

0.00611155

2

R 2 X 2

0.4

4.0

2

2

21333.31344

16.16

= (0.00611155)

= 8.07 N m

2. For the induction motor in Problem 1, calculate at full load (a) the rotor current, (b) the rotor

copper loss, and (c) the starting current.

Ir

(a) Rotor current,

N 2

E1

N1

R 2 2 sX 2 2

0.4

I r 2 R 2 13.27

2

0.03 4.0

0.4

5.54256

0.4176123

= 13.27 A

= 70.44 W

317

N 2

E1

N1

I2

R 2 2 X 2 2

0.8 230.94

2

0.42 4.0

= 45.96 A

3. If the stator losses for the induction motor in Problem 1 are 525 W, calculate at full load (a) the

power input, (b) the efficiency of the motor and (c) the current taken from the supply if the motor

runs at a power factor of 0.84

Rotor copper loss = 211.3 W = 0.2113 kW from (b) of problem 2

Stator input power,

= 6.833 + 0.2113 + 0.525 = 7.57 kW

output power

6.34

100%

100%

input power

7.57

= 83.75%

IL

Hence, supply current,

P1

7.57 1000

3 VL cos

3 400 0.84

= 13.0 A

4. For the induction motor in Problem 1, determine the resistance of the rotor winding required for

maximum starting torque.

Rotor reactance,

Xr s X2

R 2 Xr s X2 X2

= 4.0

318

319

- YL-195 Motor - Electric Traction & Electrical Control Trainer - YALONG (China) - Education Appliances - Office Supplies Products - DIYTradeUploaded byOmar Hayat
- P. C. Sen - Principles of Electric Machines 2edUploaded bywilliancsm
- motores plataformas jaso gp-40Uploaded bynicanor_aguirre
- Anna University ECE Engineering - Lecture Notes, Study Materials and Important questions answersUploaded byBrainKart Com
- Diferente Intre Axial Si RadialUploaded byPopescu George Bogdan
- EDC NOTESUploaded byneelam sanjeev kumar
- Electrical Machine Design IIUploaded byMeet Joshi
- AC MachinesUploaded bykr_abhijeet72356587
- Cm 36532538Uploaded byAnonymous 7VPPkWS8O
- formulae eeUploaded byparminder
- Induction Machines Paper 2Uploaded byostojic007
- 1800 Mm Blades and GeneratorUploaded byFrancisco Jorge
- Demand Side Management Motor Control Using Multilevel InverterUploaded byInternational Organization of Scientific Research (IOSR)
- PPT on TrainingUploaded byPrakash Tiwari
- Ssd 2 Marks With AnswersUploaded byVijayakumar
- e1x13m F- 16kvaUploaded byMd Sh
- QPUploaded bynandhakumarme
- machine manual.pdfUploaded byh1169104
- Speed Control of A Grid Connected Doubly-Fed Induction Generator system for Maximum Power point Tracking with Improved power factor Employing Matrix Converter as slip power exchanger.pdfUploaded byrakeshee2007
- 33085.pdfUploaded byrijilpoothadi
- 215Uploaded byni60
- EEE3057S-A_EEE3031S+Tutorial+1+_solutionsUploaded bymoro1992
- 5A0490FDC2E95663E0540010E05DA1DEUploaded bylucas
- AC Circuits 2Uploaded byFerrolinoLouie
- Scalar ControlUploaded byNik Rumzi
- 34443Uploaded bysvk_nt
- Systems for Transformer and Electric Machine MonitoringUploaded byIon Munteanu
- 25471_ENERGY_CONVERSION_16.pptUploaded byAilton Nakai
- EnerconInductionMachines.docxUploaded byDino Ligutan
- Course Structure & Syllabus - SemVII & VIII EE-BOS-MAY2019 Approved-2016 BatchUploaded byAlok Jain

- Chapter18 Answer KeyUploaded byRavindra Kempaiah
- vswr-4Uploaded bySai Kane
- Measurement of TheUploaded bySai Kane
- tes fileUploaded bySai Kane
- test.docxUploaded bySai Kane
- Paper_IUploaded bybsankha
- 3_organization of Intel 8086Uploaded byGaurav Agarwal
- CompanyUploaded bySai Kane
- Aim of the ExperimentUploaded bySai Kane
- Lec16 MOS EsUploaded bySai Kane
- 153-TG Math ProblemsUploaded byEkta Tayal
- WTL OverviewUploaded bySai Kane
- Article 7 June WlUploaded bySai Kane
- Lecture 8Uploaded bySai Kane
- Phase RuleUploaded byMadhavanIce
- IB2015EngUploaded bySai Kane
- CodeUploaded bySai Kane
- CodecodeUploaded bySai Kane
- SpiralUploaded bySai Kane
- Saddle PointUploaded bySai Kane
- 17. ISC Mathematics SyllabusUploaded bySai Kane
- ProgramUploaded bySai Kane
- Jee Main 2014 Question Paper 19.04.2014Uploaded byAbhishek Kumar
- Binary FilesUploaded bySai Kane
- Gate Ece 2000 Answer KeyUploaded bySai Kane
- IIT JEE Maths Study Material- Integer FunctionsUploaded byKenny Ruiz
- TestUploaded bySai Kane
- 53023907-learn-piano-1Uploaded byHoàn Trần
- Macbeth Study Guide With Anwers 1233283811044672 2.DocUploaded byChelsea Wang

- Shortwave RadioUploaded byJim
- SPD Schneider.pdfUploaded byabhi_26t
- Dytran Documentation TheoryUploaded byGeorges Kouroussis
- Basic ElectriUploaded bySuman Karmakar
- Light Dependent ResistorUploaded byhasna
- 600-610-InstGde-Dec2007-59912166Uploaded bytoha_avntura
- AE Location Guide D3.0 2-21-04.pdfUploaded byRandhir Kumar
- EC-I Question BankUploaded byMurali Mohan
- Power electronics - mumbai univ- sem 8 ElexUploaded by111ashwin
- External - ABB SMART SOLAR STATION References 2015-08-27.pdfUploaded bybacuoc.nguyen356
- Questionnaires Antennas CH 1 & 2Uploaded byJoshua Carrion
- d.c question 1Uploaded byRathinaKumar
- 85774Uploaded byelecompinn
- Automotive Applications of EMPTUploaded byrovichma
- HFE0605_GrebennikovUploaded byemremiran
- US8487658(B2)Uploaded bypmurph
- ElectronicsUploaded byAlbert John
- Wheel Chair Using Eye BallUploaded byspruhatech
- Tesla Energy Global CooperativeUploaded byTHE NIKOLA TESLA INSTITUTE
- P0340WQLC-TUploaded byIvan Emilov Ivanov
- Fanuc Spm PDFUploaded byBrian
- TLO72CNUploaded byx3ro
- PhysicsUploaded byHireshaa
- ee1O4.pdfUploaded byRodel Tiatco
- TSL237 Datasheet en v1Uploaded byhirohirof
- Challenger ITRUploaded bycesita95
- RT-Duroid 5880 PropertiesUploaded byJesus Garcia
- 3_12 Specification for Monitoring Control and Protection of SHP StationsUploaded byparamesh5
- Undergroud Power Cable Considerations Alternatives to OverheadUploaded bykaushikray06
- Diodo Schottky Rectifier SS36Uploaded byscarioca