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Make the Grade - B Grade Algebra Answers

answer key to mtg series

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You are on page 1of 12

GRADE

ALGEBRA

ANSWERS = 1

1 Simplify the following: mark

a) 24k6

6k

= 4k 4

c) (2y3)2

= 4y 6

40h 6

4

2

b) 8h 5h =

= 10h

4h 5

4h5

d) 3a 2 b 4 7ab 3 = 21a 3b 7

(12)

2. Expand and simplify:

a) (y +2)(y + 6)

y

+2

y y

+2y

+6 +6y +12

= y + 2y + 6y + 12

= y + 8y + 12

b) (x -3)(x + 4)

d) (x 1) = (x - 1)(x - 1)

x -1

x x -x

-1 -x +1

= x - x x + 1

= x - 2x + 1

(3)

e) (2m + n)(3m - 2n)

(3)

x

-3

x x

-3x

+4 +4x -12

Feltham Community College Learning Resources

= x - 3x + 4x - 12

2n

= x + x 12

2m

+n

3m 6m

+3mn

-4mn -2n

2n

= 6m - mn 2n

(3)

6m + 3mn 4mn -

(4)

c) (p 5)(p 2)

p

p p

-2 2p

-5

-5p

+10

= p - 5p 2p + 10

= p - 7p + 10

(3)

3. Solve the following equations:

a)

4 + 2p

=2

6

4 + 2p

= 12

2p = 8

(3)

2y

b)

+6=2

3

p=4

(x6)

(-4)

( 2)

2y

= -4

3

2y = 12

(x3)

y=6

( 2)

(-6)

(3)

c)

5 + 4m 4 - m

=

4

2

2(5 + 4m) = 4( 4 - m)

10 +8m = 16 - 4m

10 + 12m = 16

(+4m)

12m = 6

m=

(-10)

6

1

=

12 2

( 12)

(4)

a) 3x + y = 26

x + y = 10

b) 4p 2q = 20

p 2q = 2

-:

2x = 16

x=8

-: 3p = 18

p = 6 (3)

(2)

Sub x=8 in : 8 + y = 10

y=2

(-8)

Sub p=6 in : 6 2q = 2

6 = 2 + 2q

4 = 2q

(2) 2 = q

Check in : (3x8) + 2 = 26

x = 8.

p =6.

y = ..2

q =2.

(3)

(3)

c) 5x + y = 24

2x + 2y = 8

x2:

- :

(8)

d) 3x 3y = 24

x 2y = 9

10x + 2y = 48

x3: 3x 6y = 27

8x = 40

- :

3y = -3

y = -1 (3)

Sub x=5 in : 25 + y = 24

y = -1

(- 25)

Check in : (2x5) + (2x-1) = 8

x = 5.

x=5

x+2=9

x = 7 (-2)

Check in : (3x7) (3x-1) = 21+3=24

x = 7.

y = -1.

(4)

y = -1.

(4)

x + y = 5 label

correct

line

(2)

y=5x 4

1

1

y =3

x + y = 5 x = 12

2

6.

A

y = 2x + 6

B

y = 3 2x

C

2y = 4x + 6

(2)

D

y = 2 + 4x

Using the equations of the graphs in the four boxes given above:

a) Write down two graphs that are parallel to each other

A and C (Gradient = 2)

b) Write down two graphs that cross the y-axis at the same point.

B and C (y=3)

A and D

A

(7)

7. Find the equation of the line parallel to the line y = 4 + 3x and passing through the point (-4,-1)

Gradient = 3

y = 3x + c

When x = -4, y = -1:

-1 = (3 x -4) + c

-1 = -12 +c

11 = c

y = 3x + 11

(4)

8. Find the equation of the line that passes through the points (1,-1) and (3,3).

Gradient =

3 ( 1) 4

= =2

3 1

2

y = 2x + c

When x = 3, y = 3:

3 = (2 x 3) + c

3=6+c

-3 = c

y = 2x - 3

(5)

9. Match the equations with the correct graph using the list below

Note: You will have to find a missing equation and complete the blank graph.

3

y=

x

y = x2 - 3

y = x3 - 3

x + y=-3

Equation:

y = x - 3

Equation: x + y = -3

Equation: y = -3 x

Equation:

10.

3

Equation: y =

x

y = x - 3

(6)

Solve 4x 5 7 2x

6x 5 7

( + 2x)

6x 12

( + 5)

x 2

(6)

(2)

Feltham Community College Learning Resources

-4

-3

-2

-1

5

(2)

11.

a) On the axes below, mark the region R that satisfies the inequalities:

x<2

y1

yx+3

x+y<4

y=x+3

y=1

x+y=4

x=2

Subtract for the region not labelled R

Subtract for the lines not labelled

(6)

(-2,1) (-1,1) (0,1) (1,1) (1,2) (0,2) (-1,2) (0,3)

(2)

for 4 correct

all 8 correct

12.

X

y

-3

-3

-2

1

-1

-1

0

-3

1

1

(3)

y=4

y=0

points plotted

correctly

Smooth curve

(3)

c) Using your graph, or otherwise, solve:

i) x3 + 3x2 3 = 0

x = 19 ( 01), -13 ( 01), -25 ( 01)

3

2

ii) x + 3x 3 = 4

x = 13 ( 01)

t

a) v = + s

2

(4)

t

2

s) = t

s=

2(v

(2)

b) R =

t

b

t

b

2

bR = t

R2 =

14.

(2)

Factorise completely:

Feltham Community College Learning Resources

i) 3pq + 2p

4st 14t

= p( 3q + 2p)

ii)

= 2t(2s 7t)

(7)

15. Factorise completely:

i) x + 5x + 6

iv)

p - 9p + 20

= (x + 3)(x + 2)

= (p 5)(p 4)

ii) x + 2x 8

= (x + 4)(x - 2)

v) t - 49

= (t + 7)(t - 7)

iii) y - y 12

= (y - 4)(y + 3)

for correct

variables and

format (x )(x )

for one correct

number

for the other

correct number

(15)

16.

a) Factorise x - y

= (x + y)(x - y)

(2)

53 - 47

17.

Simplify:

= (100)(6)

= 600

(2)

a)

3( x + 1) 2

= 3(x + 1)

x +1

b)

x 2 + 5x + 4

x +1

= (x + x4)(+ x1 + 1) = x + 4

(1)

(3)

(x + 12)( x + 1) = 0

x + 12 = 0 or x + 1 = 0

x = -12

or x = -1

(4)

19.

x -2

x+5

( x + 5 )(x 2)

(2)

b) If A = 18cm, find the longest side of the rectangle.

( x + 5 )(x 2) = 18

x + 5x 2x 10 = 18

x + 3x 28 = 0

(x + 7)( x 4) = 0

x + 7 = 0 or x 4 = 0

x = -7 (not possible) or x = 4

Feltham Community College Learning Resources

Skill

I can simplify involving indices expressions

I can expand two linear brackets

I can expand and simplify two linear brackets

I can solve linear equations involving fractions

I can solve simple simultaneous equations algebraically

I can solve more complex simultaneous equations algebraically

I can draw the graph of a linear equation

I can solve simultaneous equations graphically

I can interpret the equation of a straight line, y=mx+c

I can find the equation of a straight line y=mx+c

I can identify linear, quadratic, cubic and reciprocal graphs

I can solve inequalities with unknowns on both sides

I can solve inequalities graphically

I can complete tables of values and draw graphs of cubics

I can solve cubic equations graphically

I can change the subject of harder fomulae

I can factorise simple expressions

I can factorise quadratics

I can identify, factorise and use the difference of two squares

I can use factorizing to simplify algebraic fraction

I can solve quadratic equations

I can form and solve quadratic equations

Longest side = x + 5 = 4 + 5 = 9cm

Qu

1

2

2

3

4a,b

4c,d

5a, 9,11a

5b

6

7,8

9

10

11

12a,b

12c

13

14

15i - iv

15v, 16a,b

17

18

19

(5)

Did you Make the Grade?

Yippee!! - I got all the questions correct.

I made mistakes and need to practise this topic more.

100 - 144

50 - 99

0 49

- Well done. You are working at grade B with your algebra skills.

- Promising work make sure you ask for help and revise the topics that you had

difficulty with. You can still get that B!!!

- Serious revision and help is needed if you are going to get

that B. Sort it out now. Dont wait any longer

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