physics

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physics

© All Rights Reserved

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quantities? Give three examples in each case.

Ans:

Base Quantities

Derived Quantities

Base

quantities

are

the Derived

quantities

are

the

quantities on the basis of which quantities which are expressed

all

other

quantities

are in terms of Base quantities.

expressed.

Examples:

Examples:

Volume, speed, force, work,

Length, mass, time, electric energy, power and charge.

current, temperature, intensity

of

light

and

amount

of

substance.

Q2: Pick out the base units from the following:

Joule, Newton, killogramme, hertz, mole, ampere, metre, Kelvin,

coulomb and watt.

Ans: Kilogram, mole, ampere, metre and Kelvin are the base units.

Q3: Find the base quantities involved in each of the following

derived quantities:

(a) speed

(b) volume

(c) force

(d) work

Ans: (a) Speed:

Derived from length and time

(b) Volume:

Derived from length

(c) Force:

Derived from Kilogram, length and time

(d) Work:

Derived from Mass, length and time

Q4: Estimate your age in seconds.

Ans: My age in thirteen years. Its value in seconds is

13 years = 13 x 365 x 24 x 60 = Seconds.

Q5: What role SI units have played in the development of science?

Ans: SI units have played a very important role in the development

of science. SI units are very helpful to exchange scientific and

technical information at the international level.

Q6: What is meant by Vernier Constant?

Ans: Least Count Of Vernier Calipers is called Vernier Constant.

Q7: What do you understand by the zero error of a measuring

instrument?

Ans: When zero of moveable Scale does not coincide with main

scale, then instrument has Zero Error.

Q8: Why is the correction of Zero Error necessary in a measuring

instrument?

Ans: Correction of Zero Error is necessary in measuring instrument

to obtain an extreme correct value.

Q9: What is a stopwatch? What is the least count of a mechanical

stopwatch you have used in the laboratories?

Ans: Stopwatch is a device which is used to measure a time interval

of an event. Mechanical stopwatches have least count upto 0.1

seconds.

Q10: Why do we need to measure extremely small intervals of time?

Ans: In nature and also in Physics, there are so many phenomenons

which vary with respect to the extremely small interval of time and

for their experimental measurement we need very precise time

measuring instrument. We need to measure extremely small interval

of times to calculate the time interval of natural and artificial

events.

Q11: What is meant by Significant Figures of a measurement?

Ans: All the accurately known digits and the first doubtful digit in an

expression are called significant figures. Significant figures reflect

the precision of a measured value of a physical quantity.

Q12: How is precision related to the significant figures in a

measured quantity?

Ans: An improvement in the quality of measurement by using

better instrument increases the significant figures in the measured

results. The significant figures are all the digits are known

accurately and the one estimated digit.

Q13. What do you know about Andromeda?

Ans. Andromeda galaxy is the closest spiral galaxy to our Milky

Way. Its the most distant thing you can see with your eye alone .

Q12. Name five prefixes commonly used.

Ans. These are the five most commonly used prefixes:

Prefix

millicenti-

Power

Abbrevi

ation

10-3

10-2

kilomegagiga-

103

106

109

Ans. To round off whole numbers: Find the place value you want (the

"rounding digit") and look to the digit just to the right of it. If that

digit is less than 5, do not change the "rounding digit" but change

all digits to the right of the "rounding digit" to zero.

Q14. Identify the base quantity in the following:

(i)

Speed

(ii) Area

(iii) Force

Distance

Ans. Distance is the base quantity.

Q15. Identify the following as base or derived quantity:

(iv)

Ans.

Base Quantities

Derived Quantities

Mass, time, length, temperature

Density, speed, volume

Q16. The Sun is one hundred and fifty million kilometers away from

the Earth. Write

this:

(a)

as an ordinary whole number.

Ans. Sun is nearly 149,597,870,700 meters away from Earth

(b)

In scientific notation.

Ans. 1.5 x 1011 meters

Q17. Write the number given below in scientific notation.

(a)

3000000000

Ans. 3 x 109

(b)

6400000 m

Ans. 6.4 x 106 m

(c)

0.0000000016g

Ans. 1.6 x 10-6 kg

(d)

0.0000548 s

Ans. 5.5 x 10-5 s

Q18. Which one of the two instruments is more precise and

why?

a) Vernier Callipers

b) Screw gauge

Ans. Vernier Calipers have a precision of 0.1 or 0.05 mm, while

micrometers typically have a precision of 0.01 mm. So micrometer is more

precise than Vernier Calipers.

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