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What is Electrical Engineering?

What is "electrical engineering"? Electrical engineering is concerned with research, design,


development, manufacture, installation, operation, maintenance and management of equipment,
plant and systems within the electrical, electronic, communication and computer systems areas.
These activities can apply to electricity generation, transmission, distribution, electrical
installations in buildings and on industrial sites, electrical equipment manufacture,
instrumentation and control systems applications in industry, communications networks,
electronic plant and equipment, and also the integration and control of computer systems.
Previously the Electrical College covered all these areas of interest, however the formation of a
separate ITEE College (the College of Information, Telecommunications and Electronics
Engineering) means that the ITEE is now available to support and promote the work of engineers
in Communications Engineering, Computer Systems Engineering, Electronics Engineering,
Information Engineering and Software Engineering.
The Electrical College's activities therefore now apply to electricity generation, transmission,
distribution (generally referred to as the electricity supply side), the utilisation side covering
electrical installations (power distribution, lighting control systems etc) in buildings and on
industrial sites, electrical equipment manufacture, instrumentation and control systems
applications in industry.

Job Duties and Tasks for: "Electrical Drafter"


1) Assemble documentation packages and produce drawing sets which are then
checked by an engineer or an architect.
2) Confer with engineering staff and other personnel to resolve problems.
3) Draft working drawings, wiring diagrams, wiring connection specifications or
cross-sections of underground cables, as required for instructions to installation
crew.
4) Draw master sketches to scale showing relation of proposed installations to
existing facilities and exact specifications and dimensions.
5) Measure factors that affect installation and arrangement of equipment, such as
distances to be spanned by wire and cable.

6) Study work order requests to determine type of service, such as lighting or


power, demanded by installation.
2) 7) Visit proposed installation sites and draw rough sketches of location.
8) Determine the order of work and the method of presentation, such as
orthographic or isometric drawing.
9) Explain drawings to production or construction teams and provide adjustments
as necessary.
3) 10) Prepare and interpret specifications, calculating weights, volumes, and stress
factors.
11) Reproduce working drawings on copy machines or trace drawings in ink.
12) Review completed construction drawings and cost estimates for accuracy
and conformity to standards and regulations.
13) Supervise and train other technologists, technicians and drafters.
14) Write technical reports and draw charts that display statistics and data.
15) Use computer-aided drafting equipment and/or conventional drafting stations,
technical handbooks, tables, calculators, and traditional drafting tools such as
boards, pencils, protractors, and T-squares.

Job Duties and Tasks for: "Electrical Drafter"


4) 1) Assemble documentation packages and produce drawing sets which are then
checked by an engineer or an architect.

2) Confer with engineering staff and other personnel to resolve problems.


3) Draft working drawings, wiring diagrams, wiring connection specifications or
cross-sections of underground cables, as required for instructions to installation
crew.
4) Draw master sketches to scale showing relation of proposed installations to
existing facilities and exact specifications and dimensions.
5) Measure factors that affect installation and arrangement of equipment, such as
distances to be spanned by wire and cable.
6) Study work order requests to determine type of service, such as lighting or
power, demanded by installation.
5) 7) Visit proposed installation sites and draw rough sketches of location.

8) Determine the order of work and the method of presentation, such as


orthographic or isometric drawing.
9) Explain drawings to production or construction teams and provide adjustments
as necessary
6) 10) Prepare and interpret specifications, calculating weights, volumes, and stress
factors.
11) Reproduce working drawings on copy machines or trace drawings in ink.
12) Review completed construction drawings and cost estimates for accuracy
and conformity to standards and regulations.
13) Supervise and train other technologists, technicians and drafters.
14) Write technical reports and draw charts that display statistics and data.
15) Use computer-aided drafting equipment and/or conventional drafting stations,
technical handbooks, tables, calculators, and traditional drafting tools such as
boards, pencils, protractors, and T-squares.
1)

Getting Information -- Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining


information from all relevant sources.
2) Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and
Equipment -- Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or
specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures
are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
3) Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material -- Inspecting equipment,
structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or
defects.
4) Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or
Information -- Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining
time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
5) Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards -Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether
events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
6) Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events -- Identifying information by
categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting
changes in circumstances or events.

2)

) Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events -- Identifying information by


categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting
changes in circumstances or events.
7) Documenting/Recording Information -- Entering, transcribing, recording,
storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
8) Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates -- Providing
information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in
written form, e-mail, or in person.
9) Making Decisions and Solving Problems -- Analyzing information and
evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
10) Handling and Moving Objects -- Using hands and arms in handling,
installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
11) Analyzing Data or Information -- Identifying the underlying principles,
reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into
separate parts.

Skills Needed for: "Electrical Drafter"


7) 1) Mathematics -- Using mathematics to solve problems.

2) Operations Analysis -- Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a


design.
3) Equipment Selection -- Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed
to do a job.
4) Judgment and Decision Making-- Considering the relative costs and benefits
of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
5) Reading Comprehension -- Understanding written sentences and paragraphs
in work related documents.
6) Complex Problem Solving -- Identifying complex problems and reviewing
related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
7) Critical Thinking -- Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and
weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
8) Quality Control Analysis -- Conducting tests and inspections of products,
services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.

9) Speaking -- Talking to others to convey information effectively.


10) Systems Evaluation -- Identifying measures or indicators of system
performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative
to the goals of the system.
11) Monitoring -- Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other
individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
12) Management of Personnel Resources -- Motivating, developing, and
directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
13) Systems Analysis -- Determining how a system should work and how
changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
14) Writing -- Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs
of the audience.
15) Active Listening -- Giving full attention to what other people are saying,
taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as
appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
16) Coordination -- Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
17) Active Learning -- Understanding the implications of new information for
both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
18) Time Management -- Managing one's own time and the time of others.
19) Management of Financial Resources -- Determining how money will be
spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
20) Management of Material Resources -- Obtaining and seeing to the
appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.

Abilities Needed for: "Electrical Drafter"


8) 1) Number Facility -- The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and
correctly.

2) Near Vision -- The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the
observer).

Knowledge, Experience, Education Required for: "Electrical


Drafter"
9) 1) Design -- Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in
production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.

2) Engineering and Technology -- Knowledge of the practical application of


engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles,
techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various
goods and services.
3) Administration and Management-- Knowledge of business and management
principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources
modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people
and resources.
4) Mathematics -- Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus,
statistics, and their applications.
5) Building and Construction -- Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools
involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures
such as highways and roads.