Terrorist Threat in Indonesia | Indonesia | Extremism

By: David Raja Marpaung S.Ip M.

Def

David Raja Marpaung. Associate Lecture University of Indonesia, also Indonesia Politic and Defense Consultant. Email: davidrajamarpaung@gmail.com Phone: +62 81219588360

Introduction
Bali Blast at October 12, 2002 finally affirmed

the existence of terrorist groups in Indonesia.
Indonesia Chief Police Officer General Sutanto

said there are more than 400 terrorism cases in Indonesia, from 2000-2008. About 300 cases have been processed

David Raja Marpaung. Associate Lecture University of Indonesia, also Indonesia Politic and Defense Consultant. Email: davidrajamarpaung@gmail.com Phone: +62 81219588360

Question
Who are the terrorist groups in

Indonesia
What is their motivation and goals How about the possibility of another

tragedy in the future
David Raja Marpaung. Associate Lecture University of Indonesia, also Indonesia Politic and Defense Consultant. Email: davidrajamarpaung@gmail.com Phone: +62 81219588360

Terrorist Groups in Indonesia
GAM (Gerakan Aceh Merdeka—Free

Aceh Movement)
Jamaah Islamiyah Other Terrorist Groups or Individual
David Raja Marpaung. Associate Lecture University of Indonesia, also Indonesia Politic and Defense Consultant. Email: davidrajamarpaung@gmail.com Phone: +62 81219588360

Motivation and Goals
GAM

Establishment of Free Aceh Movement (GAM) caused by structural condition factor of centralization They want Aceh Territory to get freedom and make independence country.

David Raja Marpaung. Associate Lecture University of Indonesia, also Indonesia Politic and Defense Consultant. Email: davidrajamarpaung@gmail.com Phone: +62 81219588360

Jamaah Islamiyah
Motivation base on religion ideology. They

believe that Khalifah is the best form of Government to reach the society welfare.
Realization of a Greater Islamic State whose

territory covers: a part of Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia and the Philippines.

David Raja Marpaung. Associate Lecture University of Indonesia, also Indonesia Politic and Defense Consultant. Email: davidrajamarpaung@gmail.com Phone: +62 81219588360

Other Terrorist Groups or Individual
Palopo Bombing

Motivation of this group is likely fight on immoral actions. So they usually do the anti maksiat activity or terrors to western group. They believe that the immoral activity is come from west world.
David Raja Marpaung. Associate Lecture University of Indonesia, also Indonesia Politic and Defense Consultant. Email: davidrajamarpaung@gmail.com Phone: +62 81219588360

Mc Donald’s Restaurant Bombing

This extremist group also attacks the symbol of US existent The motive of the McDonald's attack was to make a symbolic Anti-American strike AW Restaurant Bombing Poverty and hate the US product individual motive which could make the mass fear, victims, and triggered the damage.
David Raja Marpaung. Associate Lecture University of Indonesia, also Indonesia Politic and Defense Consultant. Email: davidrajamarpaung@gmail.com Phone: +62 81219588360

Possibility of Terrorist Threats in the Future
GAM
Latent Incident Disappointed in case of investigation of

human right crimes The violence and separatism which followed by terror can be appear if the points of MoU do not to be realize both the Indonesian government and GAM.
David Raja Marpaung. Associate Lecture University of Indonesia, also Indonesia Politic and Defense Consultant. Email: davidrajamarpaung@gmail.com Phone: +62 81219588360

Jamaah Islamiyah

The top leader like Noordin M Top, Umar Patek, and Zulkarnaen still not arrested

JI is an international group which operates in Southeast Asia. They have resources in order to support their activity especially to provide funding, technology, and volunteers. Roots that spread in many area like Have strong basic fundamental ideology
David Raja Marpaung. Associate Lecture University of Indonesia, also Indonesia Politic and Defense Consultant. Email: davidrajamarpaung@gmail.com Phone: +62 81219588360

Other Terrorist Groups or Individual
Many potential extremist Islamic Groups like Front Pembela Islam (FPI), Laskar Pembela Islam (LPI), Laskar Jundullah, and Majelis Mujahiddin Indonesia (MMI) About 3.000 former Indonesian volunteers of Mujahiddin that had fought in Afghanistan already back to this country Individual motive can not be predictable
David Raja Marpaung. Associate Lecture University of Indonesia, also Indonesia Politic and Defense Consultant. Email: davidrajamarpaung@gmail.com Phone: +62 81219588360

Conclusion
Indonesia is ‘a fertile land’ for terrorism There are 3 potential terrorist in Indonesia

which are GAM, JI, and other terrorist groups or individual Prevention of government and other institutions still limited Problems consciousness and participation of society to aware the existences of terrorist
David Raja Marpaung. Associate Lecture University of Indonesia, also Indonesia Politic and Defense Consultant. Email: davidrajamarpaung@gmail.com Phone: +62 81219588360

Recommendation
Hence the socialization by the government about

the threat of terrorism in Indonesia Make a comprehensive system to counter terrorism Make a persuasive approach to extremist groups for build the conducive situation controlling the weapons to against the black market and abuse Regional and international coordination

David Raja Marpaung. Associate Lecture University of Indonesia, also Indonesia Politic and Defense Consultant. Email: davidrajamarpaung@gmail.com Phone: +62 81219588360

Thank You
David Raja Marpaung. Associate Lecture University of Indonesia, also Indonesia Politic and Defense Consultant. Email: davidrajamarpaung@gmail.com Phone: +62 81219588360

Questions?
David Raja Marpaung. Associate Lecture University of Indonesia, also Indonesia Politic and Defense Consultant. Email: davidrajamarpaung@gmail.com Phone: +62 81219588360

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