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R. W.

VAN BEMMELEN

THE G E O L O G Y O F INDONESIA
GENERAL GEOLOGY

VOL. I B
(PORTFOLIO)

L I T E R A T U R E R E F E R E N C E S 1-32

. . . . . . . . 33-38
L I S T O F TABLES . . . . . . . . .39-41
I N D E X . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42-60
LIST O F FIGURES

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LITERATU RE REFERENCE

LITERATURE R E P ~ K E N C E S
VOLUME I
GENERAL GEOLOGY O F INDONESIA AND ADJACENT
ARCHIPELAGOES
In this list stress is laid on the geological literature which appeared since 1927, the year of edition
of RUTTEN'Slectures on the Geology of the East Indies. The older literature has amply been
discussed in the forementioned book. A more complete list of the geological publications on the
East Indies and adjacent areas has been compiled by VERBEEK,WINGEASTON,
and STEENHLTIS.
This
list, completed up to 1947, comprises about 6700 titles and has been edited in four volumes
by the "Nederlands Geologisch Mijnbouwkundig Genootschap" (see note 1 of the Foreword).
In the following list only those papers are mentioned, which are quoted in the text of Volume I.

ABADILLA,Q. A. (1931): Geological reconnaissance of


northwestern Capiz Province, Panay, Philippine
Islands. Phil. J. Sci. 45, 3, 393414.
ABELLA
Y CASARIEGO,
E. (1890): Descripci6n fisica, geo16eica v minera de la isla de Panav. Manila. Chofrk
(1890),-203 pp.
ABENDANON,
E. C. (191511918): Geologischeen geografische
doorkruisingen van Midden Celebes. I (1915); I1
(1915); I11 (1917); IV (1918).
ADAM,J. W. H. (1932): Kaksa - Genese. De Mijningenieur,
13. 1932. 217-221.
ADAM,
J. W. H. (1933): Kaksa - Genese. De Mijningenieur,
14, 1933, pp. 1-5, 20-26, 81-87, 167-171.
ADAMS,G. I. (1910): Geologic reconnaissance of southwestern Luzon. Philip. J. Sci. A 5 (1910), 57-116.
AERNOUT,W. A. J. (1922): Een geologisch-mijnbouwkundige verkenning der Karimata-eilanden. Jaarb.
Mijnw. Ned. Ind., 1920, Verh. I, 3-116, Batavia 1922.
AHLBURG,
J. (1913): Versuch einer geologischen Darstellung
der Insel Celebes. T.K.N.A.G. 30, 1913, 611-618.
AKKERSDUK,
M. E. (1928): Het Tenggercaldera probleem.
De Mijningenieur 1928.
AKKERSDIJK,
M. E. (1932): Enkele geologische gegevens
betreffende het Pemali-tinerts-voorkomen op het
eiland Banka. De Mijningenieur, 13, 1932, 6-10.
AKKERSDIJK,
M. E. (1933): Eenige opmerkingen over
Kaksagenese. De Mijningenieur, 14, 1933, p. 176.
ALBRECHT,
J. C. H. (1946): Contributions to the Geology
of the region between Soengai Klindjau and Soengai
Belaian. Northern Koetai. Borneo. Doctoral thesis.
~ t r e c h t ;pp. 115.
ALLAN.R. S. (1948): Geological correlation and Paleo&ology. BUII. ~ e o l .SO^ Am. 59, 1-10.
ALLIEDMININGCORPORATION
(1937): Mineral resources
of Portuguese Timor. "Exploration of Portuguese
Timor". Report of Allied Mining Corp. to Asia
Investment Comp. Ltd, 1937, Chapter 11, pp. 23-62.
ALVIR,A. D. (1926 a): A theory on the major tectonic
structure of Luzon, Philippine Islands. Proc. 3rd
Pan Pac. Sci. Congr., Tokyo 1926, Vol. I, 451454.
ALVIR,A. D. (1926 b): The History of the deformative
movements in the Philippine Islands. Proc. 3rd Pan
Pac. Sci. Congr., Tokyo 1926, Vol. I, 454-456.
ALVIR,A. D. (1926 c): Some observations on active faults
in the Philippine Islands. Proc. IIIrd Pan Pac. Sci.
Congr., Tokyo 1926, Vol. I, 457462.

ALVIR, A. D. (1926 d): Pre-tertiary intrusions in the


Philippine Islands. Proc. IIIdr Pan Pac. Sci. Congr.,
Tokyo 1926, Vol. I, 767-770.
ALVLR,A. D. (1929): A geological study of the AngatNovaliches Region (Philippines). The Phil. J. Sci., 40,
1929, 359-415.
ALVIR,A. D. (1930): Geology and underground-water
resources of Central Panay. Phil. J. Sci., 42, 443463.
AMPFERER,
0. (1934): uber die Gleifformung der Glarner
Alpen. Sitzungsber. Ak. d. Wiss. Wien, Math.-naturw.
Klasse, Abt. I, 143, 314, p. 109-121.
ANDREWS,
CH. W. A. (1899): A description of Christmas
Island (Indian Ocean). J. Roy. Geogr. Soc., New
series, 13, 1899, 17-39.
ANDREWS,
CH. W. A. (1900): A monograph of Christmas
Island. Physical features and geology. London 1900.
Publ. of the Brit. Museum.
ANONYMUS
(Staff of the Geol. Survey) (1939): Delfstoffen
op Java (met uitzondering van aardolie, kolen en
ertsen). Verslagen en Meded. betr. Ind. Delfst. etc.
No. 22 Dienst Mijnb. Ned. Indie, Batavia 1939.
ANSEL,E. A. (1935): Massenanziehung begrenzter homogener Korper von rechteckigem Querschnitt und des
Kreiszylinders. Beitr. z. angewandten Geoph. 5,
3 (1935), 263-295.
ANSEL,E. A. (1936): Schwereanomalien in Beziehung zu
der Form der Storung des Schichtenverbandes in
der Erdkruste. Beitr. z. angewandten Geoph., 6,
2 (1936), 141-167.
ANSEL,E. A. (1937): Zur Analyse von Schwereanomalien.
Beitr. zur angew. Geoph. 7, 1, 21-38.
ARCHBOLD,R. & RAND,A. L. & BRASS,L. J. (1942):
Results of the Archbold Expeditions No. 41. Summary
of the 1938-1939 New Guinea Expedition. Bull. Am.
Museum Nat. History 79, 111, 197-288, New York
1942.

BAARTMANS,
J. A.; BOISSEVAIN,
H.; GALEN,J. VAN; KUENEN,
PH. H.; RAVEN,TH.; SMIT SIBINGA,
B. L.; WEEDA,
J.;
ZONNEVELD,
J. I. S. (1947): De morfologie van de
Java- en Soenda Zee. Tijdschr. Kon. Ned. Aardr.
Gen. 64 (4) 442-465, and (5) 555-576.
BACKER,C. A. (1929): The problem of Krakatau as seen
by a botanist. Batavia 1929, 299 pp.
BACKLUND,
H. G. (1938): Zur Granitisations-Theorie.
Geol. Foren. i Stockholm, Forhandl. 60,2,1938, p. 190.

LITERATURE REFERENCES

BECKERING,
J. D. H. (191 1): Bexhrijving van de eilanden
BACKLUND,H. G. (1946): The Granitization Problem.
Adonara en Lomblen behoorende tot de Solor groep.
Geol. Mag., 83, 105-117.
BADINGS,
H. H. (1936): Het Palaeogeen in den Indischen
Tijdschr. Kon. Xed. Xardr. Gen. 28, 1911, 167-202.
Archipel. Verh. Geol. Mijnb. Gen. v. Ned. en Kol.,
BEETS, C. (1941 a): De waarde der mollusca voor de
Geol. Serie, 11, 233-299.
stratigrafie van her Jon%-rertiair van Borneo. Hand.
BADINGS,
28e Nat. & Geneesk. Congr., Lhwht, 4e afd., 272-274.
H. H. (1937): Het Palaeogeen in den Indischen
BEETS,C. (1941 b): Eine jun-wioc2ne Mollusken-Fauna
Archipel. Verh. Geol. Mijnb. Gen. v. Ned. en Kol.,
Geol. Serie, 12, 41-42.
von der Halbinsel Mangkalihat, Ost-Borneo, (nebst
BAGGELAAR.
H. (1937): Tertiary rocks from the Miso01
Bemerkungen iiber andere Faunen von Ost-Borneo;
Archipelago.' ~r0.c. Kon. ~ k a d .Wet. Amsterdam,
die Leitfossilien-Fraze~.\erh. Geol. Mijnb. Gen. v.
Ned. & Kol. 13, 1, 1-219.
40, 285-292. 1937.
BAGGELAAR, H. (1938): Some correcting notes on Tertiary
BEETS,C. (1942 a): Mollusken aus d m Tertiar des Ostrocks of Misool. Proc. Kon. Akad. v. Wetensch. .
indischen Archipels. Leidsche Geol. Meded. 13,
Amsterdam, 41, 301, 1938.
218-254, 1942.
BAKER,G. (1944): Preliminary note on volcanic eruptions BEETS,C. (1942 b): Beitriige zur Kenntnis der angeblichen
oberoligocanen Mollusken-Fauna der Insel Buton,
. in the Goropu Mountains, SE Papua, during the
Niederl. Ost Indien. Leidsche Geol. Meded. 13,
period Dec. 1943 to August 1944. The J. of Geol. 54,
1, 19-31.
256-328.
BAKX,L. A. J. (1932): De genera Faxciolites en NeoaIveolina BEETS,C. (1942 c): Brechites venusrulus, ein neuer Fund
aus dem Miocan der Landschaft Serawak (NWin het Indo-Pacifische gebied. Verh. Geol. Mijnb.
Borneo). Leidsche Geol. Meded. 13, 1 , 329-333.
Gen. Ned. & Kol., Geol. Serie 9, p. 205.
BAREN,F. A. VAN (1939): Petrographisch en mineralogisch BEETS,C. (1942 d): Note on a new species of the venerid
onderzoek van enkele gesteenten en zanden van de
genus. Atopodonta from the Vigc~Slioceneof Luzon
Gajo Loeeus (Atjeh). Proc. Kon. Ak. v. Wetensch.,
(Philippine Islands), with remarks upon the generic
Amsterdam, 42, 79-82.
character. Leidsche Geol. Meded. 13, 1, 1942,334-340.
BAREN,F. A. van (1947): Erosie. Oorzaak, gevolgen en BEETS,C. (1942e): On Waisuithyrina, a new articulate
bestrijding. Meded. Dep. v. Econ. Zaken in Ned.
brachiopod Genus from the Upper-Oli$ocene of
Buton (SE Celebes) Dutch East Lndies. Leidsche Geol.
Indie, No. 8, 135 pages, Batavia 1947.
Med. 13, 341-347, 1942.
BAREN,F. A. VAN (1948 a): On the petrology of the volcanic
area of the Goenoeng Moeria (Java). Meded. Alg. BEETS, C. (1942 f): Weitere Verwandschaftsbeziehungen
zwischen den oberoligocaenen Mollusken von Buton
Proefstat. v. d. Landb. (Comm. of the general agri(SE Celebes) und den Neogen-Faunen des Ostindicultural experiment station), Buitenzorg, Java. No. 60,
69 pages.
schen Archipels. Leidsche Geol. Meded. 13, 348-355,
BAREN,F. A. VAN (1948 b): Wetenschappelijke, practische
1942.
en sociale aspecten van het bodemkundig onderzoek BEETS,C. (1942 g): Notizen iiber Thatcheria angas, Clinura
in Indonesie. Chronica Naturae, 104, 7, 214-219.
bellardi und Clinuropsis vincent. ~eidsche Geol.
BARTH,T. F. W. & CORRENS,
Meded. 13, 1942, 1, 356-367.
C. W. & Eskola, P. (1939):
Die Entstehung der Gesteine. J. Springer, Berlin, 1939, BEETS,C. (1943-a): Onderzoek van Nederlandsch Indische
tertiaire Mollusken. Hand. 29e Nat. & Geneesk.
422 p.
Congres, Amsterdam, 4e afd., 330-332.
BARTH,T. F. W. & OFTEDAHL,CHR.(1947): High-temperature plagioclase in the Oslo igneous rocks. Trans- BEETS, C. (1943 b): Notiz iiber die Gattung Cardillia
Deshayes. Verh. Geol. Mijnb. Gen., Geol. Ser. 13,
actions American Geophys. Union, 28, 1, Febr. '47,
355-362, 1943.
102-104.
E. (1925): Die Kreidefossilien von Dusun BEETS,C. (1943 c): Die Gattung Galeodea LINKim Tertilr
BAUMBERGER,
von Insulinde. Verh. Geol. Mijnb. Gen. Geol., Ser. 13,
Pobungo, Batu Kapur Menkadai, und Sungi Pobango
435-445, 1,943.
(Djambi, Sumatra). Verh. Geol. Mijnb. Gen. v. Ned.
BEETS,C. (1943 e): Ueber PurunineIIa permodesta MAR^-)
& Kol. Geol. serie 8, 17-47.
aus dem Javanischen Obereoziin von Nanggulan.
BEARTH,P. (1938): Gesteine der Peruanischen Anden.
Geol. & Mijnb. 5, 92-93, 1943.
Schweiz. Min. Petr. Mitt. 18, 1938.
BEETS, C. (1943 f): Die Gastropodengruppen Ootoma
BEAUFORT,
L. F. DE (1923): On a collection of upperund Eosioho im indo~acifischen Gebiet. Basteria.
cretaceous teeth and other vertebrate remains from a
8, 112, 1543, 2-8.
deep sea deposit in the island of Timor. Jaarb. Mijnw.
BEETS,C. (1944 a): Die Gattung Buccinulum im A l t m i d n
Ned. Ind. 1920, Verh. IV, 50-70, The Hague 1923.
der Insel Madura (Ost Indien). Geol. & Mijnb. 6,
BEAUFORT,
L. F. DE (1925): Het voorkomen van een Osteoglosside visch in het Tertiair van Sumatra. Verh. Geol.
14-16, 1944.
Mijnb. Gen. Ned. & Kol. Geol. Ser. 8, 1925, p. 49. BEETS, C. (1944 b): Die Lamellibranchiaten Gattung
Julia Gould. Geol. & Mijnb. 6, 28-31, 1944.
BEAUFORT,
L. F. DE (1926 a): On a collection of marine fishes
from the Miocene of South Celebes. Jaarb. Mijnw. BEETS, C. (1944~): uber Ootomella und B u c c i ~ r i a .
Basteria, 9, 112, 32-38.
Ned. Indie, 1925, Verh. I, 115-148, the Hague 1926.
BEAUFORT,
L. F. DE (1926 b): Zoogeographic van den BEETS,C. (1947 a): Note on fossil echinoidea and gastropoda from Sarawak and Kutei, Borneo. Geol. en
Indischen Archipel. Volksuniversiteits bibl. Vol. 35,
Mijnb. 9, 3, 40-42.
202 pp. De Emen F. Bohm, Haarlem.
BEAUFORT,
L. F. DE (1928): On a collection of miocene BEETS, C. (1947 b): On probably pliocene fossils from
Mahakam delta region, East Borneo, and from
fishteeth from Java. Wetensch. Meded. Dienst Mijnb.
dessah Garoeng (Lamongan), Java. Geol. & Mijnb.
Ned. Indie, No. 8, 1928, 1-6.
9, 10, 200-203, Oct. 1947.
BEAUFORT,
L. F. DE (1931): Pisces, Reptilia and Aves in
W. (1921): Oberflachenformen in den feuchtthe Netherlands Indies. Leidsche Geol. Meded. 5, BEHRMANN,
warmen Tropen. Zeitschr. Ges. f. Erdk. Berlin, 1921,
1931, 461-470.
44-60.
BEAUFORT,
L. F. DE (1948): Paleontology, zoogeography
BEHRMANN,
W. (1937): Der Malaische Archipel. Handbuch
and zoology. Rep. scient. work done in the Neth.
d. Geogr. Wiss. Vol. SO Asien, copyright 1937, Luf.
on behalf of the Dutch overseas terr. (1918-1943)
180-183,452-533. Ak. Verlagsges. Athenaion, m.b.H.,
publ. by assoc. of scient. org. in the Netherlands,
Potsdam.
pp. 198-215. North Holl. Publ. Cy., Amsterdam, 1948.

LITERATURE REFERENCES

BELTZ,E. W. (1944): Principle sedimentary basins in the East


Indies. Bull. Am. Ass. Petr. Geol. 28, 10, 1440-1454.
BEMMELEN,
W. VAN (1907): Magnetic survey of the Dutch
East Indies made in the years 1903-1907. App. I to
"Observ. made at the Royal Magn. & Meteor. Obs.
at Batavia 30, 1907, Batavia, 1909.
BEMMELEN,
W. VAN (1919): Bezoek aan de Rindjani. Nat.
Tijdschr. Ned. Ind. 78, 1919, 45-54.
BEMMELEN,
R. W. VAN (1928 a): Over de toekomst van een
met vulkanischen stoom gedreven centrale in Nederlandsch Indie. De Mijningenieur, 9, 5, 67-72.
BEMMELEN,
R. W. VAN (1928 b): De agrogeologische kaarteering van Sumatra. Hand. v. h. Vde Ned. Indisch
Natuurwet. Congres te Soerabaja 1928, 492499.
. BEMMELEN,
R. W. VAN (1928 c): Geologische en agrogeologische kaarteering. Aln. Landbouw Weekbl. v.
~ e d Ind.
.
13, 12, f89-393.
BEMMELEN.
R. W. VAN (1929 a): The Origin of lake Toba
r
1929,
(N. hmatra). 4th ' ~ a c .~ c i .~ o n g r Bandung
Proc. I1 A, 115-125.
BEMMELEN,
R. W. VAN (1929 b): Het Caldera probleem.
De Mijningenieur 10, 4, 101-112.
BEMMELEN,
R. W. VAN (1930): De Tengger Strijdvraag.
Nat. Tijdschr. v. Ned. Ind., 90, 1, 90-161.
BEMMELEN,
R. W. VAN (1931 a): Het Boekit MapasPematang Semoet vulkanisme (Zuid Sumatra). Verh.
Geol. Mijnb. Gen. v. Ned. en Kol., Geol. Serie, 9,
2. 57-76.
BEMMELEN,
R. W. VAN (1931 b): Positieve en negatieve
wlkaanvormen (with Engl. Summ.). Tijdschr. Kon.
Ned. Aardr. Gen. 2e serie, 48, 1, 1-9.
BEMMELEN,
R. W. VAN (1931 c): Is de Oeloebeloe een vulkaan? De Mijningenieur, 12, 3, 30-32, Bandung
1911

BEMMELEN, R. W. VAN (1931 d): Kritische beschouwingen


over geotektonische hypothesen. Nat. Tijdschr. v.
Ned. Ind., 91, 1, 93-117.
BEMMELEN,
R. W. VAN (1931 e): Magma- und Krustenundationen (Eine Erganzung von Haarmann's Oszillations-Theorie). Hand. 6e Ned. Ind. Natuurwet.
Congr. Bandoeng 1931, Geogr.-geol. sect., 645-653.
BEMMELEN,
R. W. VAN (1931 f): De bicausaliteit der
Bodembeweainaen. Natuurk. Tiidschr. v. Ned. Indie.
tische' eruptie van den bazaltischen 'Tanggarnoes
vulkaan. Wetensch. Meded. 22. 33-62. Dienst v. d.
Mijnb. in Ned. Ind.
BEMMELEN.
R. W. VAN (1932 a): Een voorbeeld van winst
en vklies van stroomgebied door een Mllkanische
eruptie. De Mijningenieur, 13, 11, 1932.
BEMMELEN,
R. W. VAN (1932 b): Over de genetische
classificatie van nenatieve vulkaanvormen. Geol. &
Mijnb., 1932, 1 .Tan., No. 19.
BEMMELEN.
R. W. VAN (1932 c): Uber die modichen Ursachen der ~ n d a t i b n e n der Erdkruste. Froc. Kon.
Acad. v. Wetensch. Amsterdam, 35, 1932, 3, 392-399.
R. W. VAN (1932 d): Geologische waarnemingen
BEMMELEN,
in de Gajo-landen (Noord Sumatra). Jaarb. Mijnw.
Ned. Ind., 1930, Ve~h.III, 71-94, Batavia 1932.
BEMMELEN,
R. W. VAN (1932 e): Toelichting bij blad 10
(Batoeradja). Geol. kaart Sumatra, 1 : 200,000, Dienst
Mijnb. Ned. Indie.
BEMMELEN,
R. W. VAN (1932 f): De Undatie-theorie (hare
afleidina en toevassinn OD het westeliik deel van de
~oenda-boog). ~ a t u u i k . -Tijdschr.
Ned. Ind.,
92, 1, 85-242.
BEMMELEN,
R. W. VAN (1932 g): Nadere toelichting van
de Undatie-theorie. Nat. Tijdschr. v. Ned. Ind.,
92, 2, 373-402.
BEMMELEN,
R. W. VAN (1933 a): Toelichting bij blad 6
(Kroe'i). Geol. Kaart van Sumatra 1 : 200,000, Dienst
Mijnb. Ned. Ind.

.;

BEMMELEN,
R. W. VAN (1933 b): Das Kraftevroblem in der
Tektonik. Proc.
cad. v. ~ e t e n s c h . Amsterdam,
,
36, 1933. 2, 197-202.
BEMMELEN, R. -w. VAN (1933 c): On the geophysical
foundations of the Undation theory. Proc. Kon.
Acad. v. Wetensch., Amsterdam, 36, 1933, 3, 336343.
BEMMELEN,
R. W. VAN (1933 d): Versuch einer geotektonischen Analyse Siidostasiens nach der Undationstheorie. Proc. Kon. Acad. v. Wetensch., Amsterdam,
36, 1933, 7, 730-739.
BEMMELEN,
R. W. VAN (1933 e): Versuch einer geotektonischen Analyse Australiens und des Siidwest Pazifiks
. nach der Undationstheorie. Proc. Kon. Acad, v.
Wetensch., Amsterdam, 36, 1933, 7, 740-749.
BEMMELEN,
R. W. VAN (1933 f): Die neogene Struktur des
Malayischen Archipels nach der Undationstheorie.
Proc. Kon. Acad. v. Wetenschap., Amsterdam, 36,
1933, 10, 888-897.
BEMMELEN,
R. W. VAN (1933 g): Die Undationstheorie und
ihre Anwendung auf die Mittelatlantische Schwelle.
Zeitschr. d. deutsch. Geol. Ges. 85, 10, 762-780.
BEMMELEN,
R. W. VAN (1933 h): Die Anwendung der
Undationstheorie auf das alpine System in Europa.
Proc. Kon. Acad. v. Wetenschap., Amsterdam, 36,
6, 1933, 686-694.
BEMMELEN,
R. W. VAN (1933 i): Moderne richtingen in de
geotektoniek (in verband met de geotektonische
positie van den Ned. Indischen Archipel). De Mijningenieur, 14, 12, 205-212.
BEMMELEN,
R. W. VAN (1934 a): De tektonische structuur
van Zuid-Sumatra. Natuur. Tijdschr. v. Ned. Ind., 94,
1, 7-14.
BEMMELEN,
R. W. VAN (1934 b): Ein Beispiel fur Sekundartektogenese auf Java. Geol. Rdsch. 25, 3, 175-194.
BEMMELEN,
R. W. VAN (1934 c): Toelichting bij blad 36 (Bandoeng). Geol. Map of Java 1 : 100,000, Bandung 1934.
BEMMELEN,
R. W. VAN & BERLAGE,
H. P. (1934 d): Versuch
einer mathematischen Behandlung geotektonischer
Bewegungen unter besonderer Beriicksichtigung der
Undationstheorie. Gerl. Beitr. Geoph., 43, 19-55.
BEMMELEN,
R. W. VAN (1935 a): uber die Deutung der
Schwerkraft-Anomalien in Niederlandisch Indien.
Geol. Rdsch., 26, 3, 199-226.
BEMMELEN,
R. W. VAN (1935 b): Over het karakter der
jong tertiaire ertsgangen in den vulkanischen binnenboog van het Soendasysteem. Geologie & Mijnbouw,
Juli, 1935, pp. 1-4, den Haag 1935.
BEMMELEN,
R. W. VAN (1935 c): Vulkano-tektonische depressies op Sumatra. Hand. 25ste Ned. Nat. & Geneeskundig Congres, Leiden, April 1935, 5 p.
BEMMELEN,
R. W. VAN (1935 d): The Undation theory on the
development of the earth's crust. Proc. 16th Int. Geol.
Congress, Washington D.C., 1933, Vol. 11, 965-982.
BEMMELEN,
R. W. VAN (1936 a): The cause and mechanism
of igneous intrusion; with some Scottish examples.
Trans. Geol. Soc. Glasgow, 29, III, 455-490. (Read
12the Nov. 1936, issued separately 15th June 1937).
BEMMELEN,
R. W. VAN (1936 b): Kritische beschouwingen
naar aanleiding van Bijlaard's theorie over plastische
deformaties van de aardkorst. De Ing. in Ned. Indie,
1936, 7, Sect. I, 87-93.
BEMMELEN,R. W. VAN (1936 c): Geologische contra
mechanische analyse der geotektoniek. De Ing. in
Ned. Ind., 1936, 3, 11, sect. I, 15C160.
BEMMELEN,
R. W. VAN & ZWIERZYCKI,J. (1936 d): Het
Paleogeen van Sumatra. De Ing. in Ned. Ind., 3, 9,
section IV, 160-161.
BEMMELEN,
R. W. VAN (1937 a): De isostatische anomalien
in den Indischen Archipel. De Ing. in Nederl. Indie,
1937, 4, 2, Section IV, 9-29.
R. W. VAN (1937 b): Examples of gravitational
BEMMELEN,
tectogenesis from Central Java (Karangkobar Region).
De Ing. in N.I., 4, 3, IV, 55-65.

on.

LITERATURE REFERENCES

BEMMELEN,
R. W. VAN (1937 c): Igneous geology of the
Karangkobar region (Central Java) and its significance
for the origin of the Malayan Potash provinces.
Ing. in Ned. Ind., 4, 7, IV, 115-135.
BEMMELEN,
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12

--

LITERATURE
-

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16

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-

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,
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MARTIN,K . (1928 a): Mollusken aus dern Neogen von
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M A R T I N ,K. (1929): Ein neues Argonauten-Gcschlecht
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Serie 9, 1932, 149-151.

--

--

MARTIN, K . ( i 9 3 3 ) : Eine neue tertiire Molluskenfauna


aus den1 lndischen Arcliipcl. Leidsche Geol. Meded. 6 ,
1, 7-32.
MARTIN,K . (1935): Oligociine Gastropoden von Boeton.
Leidsche Geol. Meded. 7, 2, 11 1-1 18.
M A R T I NK, . (1937): D i e oligocaenen Mollusken von Buton
als Auswurflingc eines Schl~inirnsprudelsbetrachtet.
Leidsche Geol. Meded. 8, 1937, 31 1 3 1 4 .
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n
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aus den? Burdignlien von Ost-Borneo. Eel. Geol.
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219 223.
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--

--

LITERATURE
.--

M O L I : \ I C ~ K A ,t \i ~. FA, . F. (1902): Ucber dic Gcologie dcr


MUSPER.I<. \ . F. K . I
; I ) : Cicologi~chcwaarnenlingcn
Umgegcntl von Sumalata, auf Nord Cclebes und
in de P : r d , ~ ~ ~ g i c hE3oicnlnndr.n
s
11. Het Si Karikir
ubcr die dorr vorkoinmcn~iengoldfiihrenden Erztieberyle. \ l ~ j n ~ n g c n ! ~ i1~0 !. - 1. 1 7 118.
giinge. Z . I: pr:tkt. Gcol. 1902, 239 257.
MUSPER,li. A . F. R . I 1 0 2 ~ )b ~ Geologie
:
und Bcrgbau in
M O L L Y G R A AG~ .F .A. F. (IOl2): O n recent c r u s ~ a lmoveNiederliindiscl~ !lii?~en. "Uer Grologc", No. 46,
1338-1340, L c ~ p r 192.).
mcnts o n the Island of Tilnor and their bearing o n the
;~
MUSPER,K. A . F. R. I lil.701: Bsh~iopt \crslrig o \ c r uitgeological history of the E j s t Indian Archipelago. Proc.
komsten van nleu\\s gcolog~.;chs ~~ncierzochingcnin
Kon. Akad. v. Wetensch.. A m s t e r d ~ m ,June 28, 1912.
?V~~LENC~R
G .. ~ ~A.F FF., (19i 3 a): Folded Mountdin
d e Padangschc Bo\ eni.ril~len. .I,i.trb. tl!.~iii\. 192'1,
Chains, Overthrust Sheets : ~ n dBlock-faulted MountVerh., 265-33 1, Batat l c l 1930.
MUSPER,K. A. F. R. (1933): T ~ e l ~ i l l l i r i j71j
s bl,tci I5
ains in the East Indian Archipelago. X l l t h Int. Geol.
(Praboemoelih). Geol. knart Sur~i.ltl-,t 1 : 200.000.
Congr. Toronto 19 13, 689-702.
MULENGRAAFF,
G. A. F. (1913 b ) : Dekbladenbouw in den
Dienst Mijnh. Ned. Ind., Bandung 193.:.
MUSPER.K. A . F . R. (I934 a): Een bezock :):In cle grc,t
Timor Archipel. Versl. Geol. Sectie Geol. Mijnb.
Soeroeman Besar in het Goema~nebergre( P ; ! I c m b a n ~ ,
Gen. Vol. I, The Hague 1913; 140-141.
Zuid-Sumatra). Tijdschr. Kon. ~ e d e l - I :\r~rdr.
.
~ ~ 1 7 .
MOLENCIRAAFF,
G . A . F. ( 101 3 c): Overschuivingen e n
oversci~uivingsbladcn o p de eilanden Timor e n Leti.
2d SCI... 51, 4, 511-531.
Tijdschr. Kon. Ned. Aardr. Gen. 30, 1913. 273~-274. MUSPELI,K. A . F . R. (1934 b): Nieuwe fossielresten e n ~ 1 e
ouderdom der kalksteenen in het Prctertiair van het
MOLENGRAAFF,
G . 4. F;. (1914): D c Fatocs van Timor.
Goemni-echerate. De I n r . in Ned. Ind.. 1. 8. section
Versl. Cieoi. Sectie tieol. Mijnb. (;en. I, 1914.
MOLENGRAAFI'.
G. A. F. (1915): Geogrsfischc en geoI V , 1 3 4-742.
MUSPER.K. A . F. R . (1935): Dic fischfuhrende Brcccienlogischc bcschrijving van het eiland LeLti. Joarb. Mijnw.
und Mergclschiefcrabteilung des Tertiiirs der Padangcr
Ned. Ind. 43, 1914, Verh. I, 1 87, T h e Hague 1915.
M ~ L ~ K G R A AGF. F.A.
, F. (1917): De Tinlor Expeditie en
Hochltindc (Mittel Sumatrrl). Vcrh. Geol. Mijnb.
G e n . Ned. 61 Kol. Geol. S e r ~ c .11. h o v . 1935, 145-188.
hare paleontologische resultatcn. Hand. XVlde Nat.
& Geneesk. Congr. 1917, 245S256.
MUSPER.K. A. F'. I<. (1936): Einige Bemcrkungcn z u r
MOLENGRAAFF,
G . A . F. (191 8): De vulkaan Woerlali o p
fossilcn Fischl;tun:~ von P ; ~ d a n g( S u m , ~ r r ; l )DLI
. Ingenieur in Ned. Ind., 3,1.wetion lV, 70--74, Batavia 1V36.
Dammer. Jaarb. Mijnw. Ned. Ind. 1916, Verh. I,
MUSPER,K. A. F. R. (I937 a ) : Toelichting hlad 16 (Lallat).
3-10, The Haguc 1018.
MOLENGRAAFF,
G . .4.F. & WEBER,M. (1919): Het verband
Geol. kaarl Sumatra, 1 : 200,000, Dienst Mijnb.
iusschen den plistoceenen ijhrijd e n het ontstaan der
Ned. Indii;.
MUSPER,K. A. F. R. (1037 b): DLISErdol und seine VcrSoenda-Zee e n de invloed daarvan o p de verspreiding
der horaalriffen cn o p de land- e n zoetwater fauna.
wandten in den Philippinen. D e Ing. in Ned. Ind.
Versl. gew. verg. Wis- e n S a t . Afd. Kon. Akad. v.
4, 8, Sect. IV, 131-157.
MUSPCR,
K. A . F. R. & N E L J M A NVN
A N PADANG,
M . (1937):
Wctensch., Amsterdam, 29 Nov. 1919, 28, 497-544.
MOLENGRAAFF.
G . A. F. (1920): M~tng;tunknollcnin mesoNcue ubersicht der tstigen Vulkanc und Solfrttarenroische dicpzee-afzettingen van Nedcrl. Timor. Vcrsl.
felder in den P h i l.i .~ ~ i n c nDe
. Inc.
- in Ned. Ind.., 4.,
Kon. Akarl. v. Wetensch., Amsterdam, 29. 1920,
5. sect. IV. 67-85.
ML:SPFK,K. A. F. R . ( I 9 3 7 1938): Geologischc und lager688-689.
M ~ L E N G R A AGF.F A
, . F. (19221: De Cicologie dcr zcccn
stiittenkundliche Ncuigkeiten aus dem ostindisci~en
van Ned. 0. Indi?. In "De Zceiin can Ned. 0. Indii'",
Archipel i l IV). Z.dtsch. Geol. Gcs. 89, 361 3 6 3 and
edited by Kon. Ncd. Aardr. Gun.. 1972 (translated in
659-661 (1937); 90, 287-290 and 662-667 (1938).
Proc. IVrh Pac. Sci. Congr. 1 9 3 , Vol. 2, pp. 55 99).
MUSPER,K. A. F. R . (I938 a ) : Over het voorkornen van
MOLENGRAAFF,
G . A. F. (1029 a ) : The coral reefs in the
Hcl/ysitc..r Wrrllic/zi REED o p Nieuw Guinea. Ing. in
East Indian Archipelago, their distribution and mode
Ned. Ind., section IV, 5, 156-157.
of development. Proc. IVth Pan Pac. Sci. C., Java
MUSPER,K. A. F. R. (1938 b): Fundorte und stratigra1929, Vol. I I A, 55-89. Translation o f $ VI of: ,,De
phisches Lager neuer Aufsammlungen tertiircr
zeeen van Nederl:indsc!l IndiP", 1922.
Landptlanzen - besonders Kieselholzreste auf SuMOLEYGRAAFF,
G . A. F. (1929 h ) : T h e recent sediments
matra und Java. D e Ing. in Ned. Ind., 5, sect. IV,
193s. 12, 1 6 9 1 8 1 .
in the seas o f the East-Indian Archipelago, with a
MUSPER,K. A. F. R. (1938 c): Z u r Luge des Vulkans
short discussion o n the condilion of those seas in
former geological periods. Proc. lVth Pan Pac. Sci.
Calayo auf Mindanao (Philippinen). D e Ingenieur
C. .lava 1929. Vol. I 1 B, 9 8 9 1008 & 1010-1021.
in Ned. Ind., 5, 12, Sect. IV, 169-181, Batavia 1938.
MUSPER, K. A . F . R. (1939 a ) : Nochm:lls der "Vulkan
MOORE( 1948): Strstigraphicctl P:~lcontology. Bull. Geol.
Soc. Am. 59, 301 326.
Calayo" a u f Mindanao. De Ing. in Ned. Ind., 6, 4,
sect. IV, 42-43.
Movrus. H. L. (1944): Early man and Pleistocene stratigrclp!ly in Southern and Eastern Asia. Paper of the
~ I U S I ' E KK.
, A. F. R. ( I 9 3 9 b): Kritische Bctrachtungen
f'e~ibody Museum o f Amer. .Archeol. and Ethnol.
iiber Hcrkunft ~ l n d genaueres Alter der aus dcm
T c r t i i r Nicderliindisch Indiens beschriebenen Holzer.
Harv. Univ. Vol. 19, No. 3, Cambridge U.S.A., 1944.
Nat. Tijdschr. Ned. Ind., 99, 1, 1L21.
M U H L H O ~ EF.
K , (1938): Steinwerk7euge aus den1 MuschelMYERS,EARL H. (1945): Recent studies of sediments in
hugel von Bind,jai-Tami~ing.Wiener Priihist. Zcitschr.
25. 1938.
the Java Sea and their signific~lnce in relation to
stratigraphic and petroleum geology. Science : ~ n d
M~JLLER
J. , (1895): Nota betreffendc de verplaatsing van
scientists in the Netherlr~nds Indies, edited by Honiy
eenige triangulatie-pilare11 in de residentie Tapanoeli,
t.g.v. de aardbeving van i7 Mei 1892. Natuur. Tijdschr.
and Verdoorn, New York, 265-269.
v. Ned. Ind., 54, 1895. 299 307.
M U S P E R ,K. A. F. R . (I928 a ) : Indragiri e n Pclalawan.
(L1itkomsten van het niijnbouwk~rndig-geologisch
onderzoek in de jaren 1922 -1 926). Jaarb. Mijnw.
NATLAND,M. L. (1933): T h e temperature- and depth1927, Vcrh. I. 1-247, Batavi;~1928.
distribution of some recent a n d fossil IForanii~i~ie~~,t
MUSPER,K. A. F. R. (1928 b): Over den ouderdom der
intrusie-gesteenten van Florcs. De Mijningenieur, 9,
in the Southern Californian region. Bull. Scripps In.:
163- 165, Bandung 1928.
Ocean, California, Tech. Ser., 3, 10, 225 230.

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TAN SIN HOK (1936 b): Over verschillende palaeontoDee1 I. Ed. Kirtia Liefrinck-van der Tuuk. Sinsaradia.
logische criteria voor de geleding van het Tertiair.
- "
Bali, 1929 (NO& 1 on p. 22).
De Tng. in Ncd. Ind.. 3. TV, 173-179.
S u ~ s s .E. (1886): Das Antlitz der Erde. 1-117. Wien &
TAN SIN HOK (1936 c, d and e): Zur Kenntnis der MioLeipzig. 1886, Transl. E. de Margerie, Colin, Paris, 1921.
gypsiniden. De Tng. in Ned. Tnd. 3, sect. TV, (3)
SZFMIAN,
J. (192911930a): Over het proccs der bodem45-61, (5) 84-98. (7) 109-123.
vorming ondcr tropisch oerbosch. Alg. Landbouw
TANSIN HOK(1 936 f ) : Bemerkungen uber die Cycloclypeen
von Sipoera (Mentawei Tnseln). Geol. & Mijnb.,
weekbl. v. Ned. Tnd. (14). 11, 192911930. 5-6.
SZEMIAN,
J. (1 929; 1930 b): Beginselen en werkwijze der
1936, 15, 57-58.
T A N SIN HOK (1936 g): Zur Kenntnis der Lcpidocyclinen.
agrogeologische opnnme van Sumatra. Alg. Landbouw weekbl. v. Ned. [nd. (14). 11, 192911930,
Nat. Tijdschr. v. Ned. Tnd. 94. 4, 235-280.
503-509.
T A NS I N HOK (1936 h): Beitrag zur Kenntnis dcr Lepidocyclinen. Proc. Kon. Akad. v. Wetensch., Amsterdam,
SZEMIAN,J. (1930): A~~nteekcningenvan een ugrogeologische vcrkenningsreis door het gebicd der residentie
39. 8, 990-999.
Palembang. De Bcrgculturcs, 4, Vol. 1, 1930, 79-81
T A N S I N HOK (1937a): Notc on Miog.vpsintr Xot6i
a n d 107-1 10.
HANZAWA.De Ing. in Ned. Ind., 4, secl. IV, 2,
SZEMIAN,
.I. (1933): Dic systeniatischc Bodenkartierung
31-2.
von Sumatra. Soil Research, Vol. 111 (1933), No. 4,
T A X S I N HOK (1937 b): Weitcre Untersuchungen uber
202-22 1.
die Miogypsiniden 1 and IT. De Ing. in Ned. Ind.,
4, sect. TV, (3) 35-45, (6) 87-111.
T
T A N SIN HOK (1937 c): On the Genus Spiiocf~'pcrrsH.
TAMS, E. (1932'1937): Gr~lndziige dcr physikalischen
D O U V I L Lwith
~ n description of the Eocene SpiroVerhaltnissc der fe5ten Erde. Geologlc der Erde,
c!,.pcrrs vo.nzicrrlaris n.sp. from Koetai in East Borneo.
Vol. 1, 1932 and Vol. 11, 1937. Borntracger Berlin.
De Tng. in Ncd. Ind., 4, sect. IV, 10, 177-193.

F I-G U R E S

LIST OF
-

--- -

Page Plate

Fig.

I20 Geological sketchmap of the Djebus District


(North Bangka) and outline map of
Bangka . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (315)
Geological map of the Penjabung Promontery. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 317
The distribution of thc tin-ores on Billiton 319
Tectonic map of the Klappa Kampit tin mine
in Billiton. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 320
Bathymet~icalchart of the Thousand Islands 322
lsobaths and course of the pleistocelle river
systems in the western palt of the Java Sea 323
Structural belts in the Sunda area . . . 324
BORNEO

Outline map of Borneo. . . . . . . . .


Simplified geological map o r Borneo. . .
Geological map of Central Borneo . . .
Structural map of Bornco . . . . . . .
Section across the neogene trough near
Engkilili . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Section across the western part of the
Ketungau Basin . . . . . . . . . . .
Section across the Kembajan Mts and the
central Mengkijung rlrerl . . . . . . .
Section across the Seberuwang Crctaceous .
Facies distribution of the Paleogene in West
Borneo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Section across the Sadong drainage basin in
the Bau-Bugo area . . . . . . . . .
Section across the Kalan drainage area in the
Schwaner Mts. . . . . . . . . . . .
Sections I-V111: Schematical representation
of the geological evolution of West and
Central Borneo . . . . . . . . . . .
Geological sketch111ap of a part of SEBorneo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Geological map of the Martapura area. . .
Geological detail map of the drainage area
of the Pamali River . . . . . . . . .
Detail map and section of the diamondbearing Pamali-pipe . . . . . . . . .
Geological detail map of the Djawa River
Seven schemetical sections illustrating the
pre-tertiary evolution of the Meratus
orogene . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Geological map of E- and NE-Borneo (three
sheets) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bathymetrical chart of the legion around
Muaras Atoll . . . . . . . . . . . .
The northwestern part of British North
Borneo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Schematical paleogeographical pictures of
the tertiary and quaternary evolution of
Borneo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Geological map of Malaya . . . . . . .
Six schematical sections illustrating the
orogenic evolution of the Annrnbas System
in the Sunda Land. . . . . . . . . .
THE CIRCUM-SUNDA SYSTEMS

(PHILIPPINES)
151 Simplified structural sketch of the Philippine
Islands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 369

---

Fig,

152 Geological sketchmap of Luzon . . . . . 3-0


153 Eight schematical sections illustrating the
formation of the Philippine Archipelago 376
THE NORTHERN MOLUCCAS

3<

F ~ c cIJ1.ire

154 Geological sketchm,ip and section of the


Sula Islands . . . . . . . . . . . . .
155 Block diagram of Tidore and M a i t a ~ a. .
156 Two hypothetical sections across the North- ern Moluccas . . . . . . . . . . . .
Perspective sketch of the transition between
the Philippines and the Northern Moluccas

381
383
385
387

CELEBES

The region North of Tinombo in the northern


part of the "Neck" . . . . . . . . .
Schematic section across the "Neck" of
Celebes between Tompe and Toribulu. .
Schcmatic section across the extreme southern end of the "Neck" between Palu Bay
and the Gulf of Tomini . . . . . . .
Geological map of the Togian Islands. . .
Geological sketchmap of thc East arm of
Celebes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Two schematic sections across North Bungku
in the East arm of Celebes. . . . . .
Section across the tertiary Basin of Kolo
Kolo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Seven schematical sections illustrating the
evolution of the northern part of the Celebes System . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Schematic map illustrating the distribution
of granodioritic and gabbro-peridotitic
rocks in Celebes . . . . . . . . . .
Schematic representation ol' the region near
the median line, North of the Bada Basin
Geological sketchmap of a part of Central
Celebes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The glaucophane-schist facies and the distribution of potash-feldspar, East of the
median zone in Central Celebes. . . .
Granod~oritic intrusion in metamorphic
tertiary rocks of Salo Talimbangan . .
Geological sketchmap of Central Celebes.
Eight schematical sections, illustrating the
orogenic evolution of Cent1 al Celebes. .
The southeastern peninsula along the LatouLake Towuti-Bahumpombini traverse .
Strongly pressed serpentines thrust ovel a
flysch-like sedimentary series (dotted) with
Globigerinidae and remains of larger perforate Foraminifera . . . . . . . . .
Section across South Buton . . . . . . .
Bathymetrical chart of the Tukang Besi
Group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Structural sketch of the Buton Archipelago,
and the Tukang Besi Group . . . . .
Seven schematic sections, illustrating the
evolution of the southern part of the Celebes Orogene. . . . . . . . . . . . .
179 Four schematical sections, illustrating the
tertiary and quaternary evolution of the
southern part of the South arm of Celebes 434
180 Schematic blockdiagram of the Spermonde
436
Archipelago

.............

16

I;

36

LIST OF FIGURES

Fig

p
p

p
p
p
p

.
-

.
-

Fig .

Page Plare

181 Bathymetrical chart of the region of Tijger


Atoll and Taka Garlarang Atoll . . . 438
182 Structural outlines of Celebes . . . . . . 439
SOUTHERN MOLUCCAS

183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
I91
192
193
194

Geological skctchnlap of Ceram . . . . .


Five sections across West Ceram . . . .
Five sections across Central Ceram . . .
Geological sketchmap of Buru . . . . .
Physiographic sketchmap of the Northern
Banda Basin and adjacent areas . . . . .
Geological sketchmap of Ambon and the
Uliassers . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Geological map of Misool . . . . . . .
Geological sections of Misool . . . . . .
Stratigraphical columns of Misool . . . .
Ten schematic sections, illustrating the evolution of the northern part of the Banda
arcs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Scheme of the combined effect of a negative
geo-undation and meso-undations in the
Banda area . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Five schematical sections illustrating the
orogenic evolution of the eastern part of
the Banda arcs .
.
.

195 Blockdiagrams illustrating slides on the


Api Volcano . . . . . . . . . . . .
196 Blockdingram showing an abortive slide on
the northern Cape of Serua . . . . . .
197 Block diagram of Kisar . . . . . . . .
198 Map of Kisar . . . . . . . . . . . . .
199 Six schematical sections illustrating the
evolution of the southern part of the
Banda arcs . . . . . . . . . . . . .
200 Sections A-H, illustrating the evolution of
the Banda System . . . . . . . . . .
201 Gravity anomalies of the profile across the
eastern part of the Banda arcs . . . .

442
445
448
452
454
456
459
460
460

12
18

461

22

463
468

Section A of Tandjong Illipoi . . . . . .


Locality B of Tandjong Illipoi . . . . .
Geological sketchmap of Tandjong Illipoi .
Left bank of the Sau River . . . . . . .
Right bank of the Sau River . . . . . .
The Batu Tara seen from the East . . .
Geological sketchmap of the Island of Flores
Structural sketch of East Flores . . . . .
Schematic section across East Flores . . .
Longitudinal section of the Lesser Sunda
Islands from Sumbawa to the Weber Deep
Structural sketchmap of the western part of
the Lesser Sunda Islands . . . . . . .
Schematical section across the Sanggar
Peninsula with the Tambora volcano .
Perspective sketch of the western part of the
Lesser Sunda Islands . . . . . . . . .
The volcanic fissure of East Bali . . . .
The location of the parasitic eruption centres
of the Batur . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Section across Central Sumba . . . . . .

12

470

471
472
473

476

1
21

1i

480 23
484

THE LESSER SUNDA ISLANDS

202
203
204
205
206

21

488
488
489
489
489

Page

218 Geological sketchmap of Timor . . . . .


219 Section of the hills between Batuputih and
Fatu Kabelah . . . . . . . . . . . .
220 Geological sketchmap of the Booi Region
221 Section of the Pitaek River . . . . . . .
222 Section showing the overthrusting of the
Sonnebait Series over the Kekneno Series
223 ~
~
~map lof the
~ ~ ~ ~ i l ~. . l .~
224 Six sections across the Mollo Mts . . . .
225 Schematic representation of the main structural units in the Mollo region . . . .
226 Suggested section across the Mollo Mts ..
227 Ideal section of the superposition of the main
structural units in the middle part of
Netherlands Timor . . . . . . . . . .
228 Three sections through the Noil Toko
fault-trough . . . . . . . . . . . . .
229 Geological sketchmap of the Nun Pene .
230 Section across the Nun Pene . . . . . .
231 Transverse fault in young neogene strata in
the Piaboke River . . . . . . . . . .
232 Section along the Sebau River . . . . .
233 Ideal section across the middle part of
Netherlands Timor . . . . . . . . . .
234 Section of the western slope of the Laisahe
near Wehor . . . . . . . . . . . . .
235 Geological sketch of the Hili Manu District
236 Geological map of the Aliambata District
237 Drilling log of an uncompleted well in the
Aliambata District . . . . . . . . . .
238 Geological map of the Suete District . .
239 Section of the Suete-Iriamo Districts . .
240 Geological detail map of the Pualaca
District . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
241 Geological detail map of the Cribas District
242 Geological sketchmap of Roti . . . . . .
243 Geological N-S section across Roti . . .
244 White marls and c o r d limestones of the Tege
245 Geological sketchmap of Sawu . . . . .
246 Geological sketchmap of Raidjua . . . .
247 Section across Raidjua . . . . . . . . .
248 The Westralia-Timor-E Celebes geosyncline.
according to TEICHERT. . . . . . . .
249 Ten schematical sections. illustrating the
geological evolution of the Timor Orogene . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
250 Trendlines of the young mesozoic Timor
Orogene . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
251 Schematic ideal section across the present
Timor Orogene . . . . . . . . . . .
252 Theoretical possibilities for the formation
of overthrust structures . . . . . . .
253 Structure of the Timor Orogene. if it is supposed to have originated by crustal
buckling . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
254 Situation to be expected if the overthrusts
of Timor were the result of a bucklingdown of the crust . . . . . . . . . .

510
512
513
514
5 15
515
~l
516
517
517
519
519
518
519
519
520
520
521
523
524
525
526
527
528
529
531
531
533
533
533
533
536
536
538
541
543

544

544

J A V A A N D MADURA

255 Geological sketchmap and orographic map


of Java . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 545

LIST OF FIGURES
. . .

Page Plare

Fig.

256 Map of Java, showing the position of maps


and sections belonging to the subchapter
o n J a v a . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 545
256a Physiographic sketchmap of Java and
Madura. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 546
257 Section of the Southern Mts, South of the
Raung volcano . . . . . . . . . . . 547
258 Geological sketchmap of the Idjen volcanocomplex . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 548
259 Schematic geological map of Malang . . 549
260 Longitudinal section of the Java geanticline
in the eastern s p u ~of the island . . . 550
261 Geological sketchmap of the Semeru
Complex . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 1
262 Section across the Semeru-Tengger Complex 552
263 Geological map of the Lurus-Ringgit-Beser 552
264 Isometric blockdiagrani of the Ringgit-Beser
Complex . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 553
265 Geological sketchmap of the transitional
area between East- and Central Java . 555
266 Geological map of the Djiwo Hills and the
Southern Mts , , , , , .
,
, , . ,
555
267 Sections across Djiwo Hills . . . . . . 556
268 Geological sketchmap of the Surakarta area 557
269 Geological sections of the Surakarta area 557
270 Schematical blockdiagram of the Genteng
Graben near Banaran . . . . . . . . 559
271 Development of the volcanic structures of
the transverse row Ungaran-Merapi . . 560
272 Geological map and section of the Merapi
and its western foot . . . . . . . . . 561
273 Differences in the levels of the Progo
- River 562
Geological sketchmap of the Merbabu. . 563
Schematical blockdiagram of the SoropatiTelemojo Complex. . . . . . . . . . 564
Section across the Soropati Complex . . 564
Section of the East flank of the Sangiran
dome near Bapang. . . . . . . . . . 566
Unconformable position of Notopuro congglomerates and breccia o n the Kabuh
Layers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (569)
Photo of the crater lake of Sarangan . . . (569)
Section A-B across the Solo Zone between
Gesi and the Lawu Complex . . . . . 569
Schematic tectonogram of the volcanotectonic collapse of the Old Lawu volcano
at the end of the Notopuro period . . 569
Facies alterations in the Putjangan Layers
in the Kendeng Zone . . . . . . . . 570
Schematic section across the ArdjunoWelirang group . . . . . . . . . . . 571
Two sketches of structural details in the
Kerek Beds . . . . . . . . . . . . . 572
Scheme of the fncies alterations in the
Young Neogene of the Western Kendeng
Z o n e . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 574
Geological section of Trinil. . . . . . . 576
Section across G. Butak -- G . Atasangin . 578
Composite section across the eastern
Kendeng and the Solo Valley near Babad 579
Scctions across the anticlines of Kedungwaru
and Gijangan . . . . . . . . . . . . 580
,

!
1

25

'

/
!!

32
32

j
I
I

'

33
34
28

I
I
1
I

28

1
;

28

37

........-.-........

Fig.

Page Plate

290 Sections across the anticlines of Gunungbang and Ratji near Bangil. . . . . .
291 Three sections across the Solo Valley near
Tjepu. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
292 Sketchmap of NE Java. . . . . . . . .
293 Eight schematical sections illustrating the
evolution of East Java . . . . . . . .
294 Isometric diagram of the Muriah . . . .
295
296
297a
297b

Panoramic
Geological
Geological
Geological

581
585
588
589
593

35

. (608)

view of the West-Progo Mts


map of the West-Progo Mts
sections of the West-Progo Mts
sections of the West-Progo Mts

597
599
600

298 Schematic blockdiagram of the West-Progo


dome . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 601
299
section
the Nanggulan
Eocene . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 602
300 Geological section of the Lukulo Region
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 602 25
(HARLOFF)
301 Map and tectonogram of the Karangkobar
Region . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 605 32
302 Synorogenetic intrusion of essexitic basalt
in the southwestern part of sheet 74
(Ungaran) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 605
303 ~
~
~map land sections
~
~ of ithe ~~ , i ~~ l ~ l k
Oilfield . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 608
304 Dragfolds in the Upper Penjatan Beds and
in the Bodas B e d s . . . . . . . . . . 609
305 Structural relation of the Simpar upthrusts
with the Pawinihan volcano . . . . . 610
306 Panoramic view of the Karangkobar Rcgion (609)
307 Physiographic sketchmap of the Ungaran
area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 1
308 Schematic block diagram of the volcnnotectonic structure of the Old Ungaran
309 Map of the Ungaran fault system and
northern anticlinorium of Tjandi . . .
310 Schematical sections illustrating the structural evolution of the Ungaran Complex
3 1 1 Schematic representation of the processes
of sedimentation, volcanism and tectogenesis in the Karangkobrrr region . .
3 12 Scven schematical sections illustrating the
structural evolution of Central Java
during the Neogene and the Quaternary
313 Geological sketchmap of the Djampangs
3 14 Geomorphological sketchmap of the Djampang Plateau . . . . . . . . . . . .
315 Simplified geological sketchmap of the
Djampang region . . . . . . . . . .
3 16 Schematical sections of the Djampang region
3 17 The Bengbreng escarpment seen from the
North . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3 18 Geological sketchmap of the quartz-diorite
intrusion of the Tjilaju . . . . . . . .
I I9 Section A-B across the Tjibodas quartzdiorite intrusion . . . . . . . . . . .
320 Preliminary geological map of the Karangnunggal region . . . . . . . . . . .
321 Section across the Karangnunggrrl region
322 Geological section across the Baja Region
323 Physiographic sketch of the Bajah Dome
324 Tectonic trendlines of thc Strait Sunda
area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

38

--

LIST OF FI
-

Page Plate

Fig.

325 Three sections across the Sunda Mountain


System in the Strait Sunda area . . . 635
326 Bottom relief of the southwestern part of the
Java Sea and Sunda Straits. . . . . . 636
327 Morphological sketchmap of the Rongga
P l a t e a u . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 638
328 Section of the Tjitarum River in the Batudjadjar Plain . . . . . . . . . . . . 640
329 Four schematic sections. illustmting the
successive stages of evolution of the
volcanic complex North of Bandung . 641
330 Schematic stnictural map of the Sunda
Comp!ex, North of Randung . . . . . 642 32
33 1 Sections across the Tambakan anticline . 642
332 Schematic section across West Java . . . 643
333 Geological sketchmap of the Danau Group
in Bantam . . . . . . . . . . . . 647 35
334 Three sections across the Danau Group in
Bantam. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 647
335 Southwestern part of the G. Gedeh intrusion
in the S E corner of sheet 13 (Rangkasbetung) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 648
336 G . Gedeh. Intrusive contact between clay
shales and trachytic rock . . . . . . . (648)
337 Microphoto of the contact in fig. 336 . . (648)
338 Section across the Tambakan Beds, SE of
Subang . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 651
339 Geological sketchmap of the Cheribon area
in the eastern part of the Bogor Zone . 652
340 Geological sketchmap of the Tjareme
volcano. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 653
34 1 Geological map and section of the western
part of the Bentarsari Basin . . . . . 655
342 Geological map of the eastern part of the
Bentarsari Basin . . . . . . . . . . . 656
343 Seven schematical sections across West Java
near Tjiandjur. . . . . . . . . . . . 657 37
SUMATRA

344 Orographic sketchmap of Sumatra. . . .


345 Geological sketchmap of Sumatra . . . .
346 Tectonic trendlines of the Sunda Land.
South, and Central Sumatra . . . . .
347 Section across the Upper Djambi Nappe
348 Section across the Triassic of the Lurah
Tambang River . . . . . . . . . . .
349 Three sections across the Batu Besi Ridge
350 Section across the Gumai Mts . . . . .
35 1 Five schematical sections illustrating the
pre-tertiary evolution of the Malay Peninsula and Sumatra . . . . . . . . . .
352 Geological sketchmap of Mangani. . . .

659
659

38
38

Page Plate

Fig.

353 Schematic section of the Paleogene NE of


the Alas Valley . . . . . . . . . . .
354 Schematized section across the area between
Lake Tawar and the coast near Lho
Seumawe . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
355 Tectonogram of South Sumatra . . . .
356 Piracy of the Semangko River after the
Ranau tuff-eruption . . . . . . . . .
357 Isometric block diagram of the volcanotectonic Ranau depression . . . . . .
358 Block diagram of the Gedongsurian depression. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
359 Geological map of the Bukit Mapas and
Pg Semut area . . . . . . . . . . .
360 G l i d ~ n gstructures in the quaternary deposits
of black clays and white tuffs in the
Pilomasin Basin . . . . . . . . . . .
361 Section across the Garba Mts . . . . .
362 Three sections across the N E flank of the
Barisan in Central Sumatra. . . . . .
363 The Barisan Range of northern Sumatra
with the Batak culmination and the
Semangko rift-zone . . . . . . . . .
364 Isomet~icblock diagram of the Toba trough
365 Geological sketchmap of the Toba area .
366 Three schematic sections across the Batak
tumor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
367 Simplified geological map of South Sumatra
368 See fie. 34. opposite t o p. 117 . . . . .
369 Section across the Muaraenim anticlinorium
and the Lematang syncline . . . . . .
370 Section of the Kampung MinjakMinjakitam anticline . . . . . . . . .
371 Section of the eastern part of the Gumai
anticline along the Musi Valley . . . .
372 Section across the Tigapuluh Mts . . . .
373 Section across the Limau Mts . . . . .
374 Nine schematical and composite sections
illustrating the tertiary and quaternary
evolution o f the Sunda Orogene . . .

676
677
678
679
680
681
682
683
683 39
686 39
687
688
690
695
697
697
697

39

698
699
700
700
703 40

ANDAMANS AND NICOBARS

662
664
665
666
667

39

375 Geological sketchmap of the Andamans . 708


376 Crater or Caldera of Barren Island . . . (649)

39

377 Schematical sections illustrating the tertiary


and quaternary evolution of New Guinca 718

THE CIRCUM-AUSTRALIAN SYSTEM

CHAPTER VI.
671
675

SUMMARY

378 Geotectonic map of the East Indies and


adjacent areas . . . . . . . . . . . . 725 41

LIST OF TARLES

- --

--

39

- --- ---

LIST O F TABLES
Table

Page

CHAPTER I.

Table

PHYSIOGRAPHY

I. Islands larger than 10,000 sq k m . . . . . .


2. Number of rain-gauges in thc East Indies . .
3. Volcanoes and intermontane plains in the Solo
Zone in East Java . . . . . . . . . . . .
4. Volcanoes and intermontane plains in the
eastern spur of Java . . . . . . . . . . .
5. Structural elements of Central Celebes . . .
6. Dimensions of the Lesser Sunda Islands . .
7. Dimensions of the islands in the festoon West
of Sumatra. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

CHAPTER 11. STRATIGRAPHY


8. Stratigraphy of the Seberuwang Cretaceous .
9. Mesozoic stratigraphy of Misool . . . . . .
10. Agc of the non-metamorphic sedimcntal members in the four tectonic units of Timor . .
I I. Distribution of the larger Foraminifera in the
East Indian Tertiary at the proposal of the
Letter-classification in 1927 . . . . . . . .
12. The revised Letter-classification as proposed
in 1931 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
13. The Letter-classification according to RUTTEN
and V A N DER VLERKin 1948. . . . . . . .
13a. Correlation of the mammal-bearing deposits
in Asia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
14. Correlation of the European stratigraphy with
the molluscan firunae (by OOSTINGH)
and the
vertebrate faunae (by V O N KOENIGSWALD)
. .
15. Percentage of recent coral species in the Neogene and Quaternary . . . . . . . . . . .
16. Stratigraphical division of the Tertiary and
Quaternary by means of corals . . . . . .
17. Pleistocene stratigraphy in Java according t o
DE T E R R A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
18. Pleistocene stratigraphy of Java according to
Movrus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
19. Glacial chronology of the Quaternary in Java
and Sumatra . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20. Percentages of fossil diatom species in neogene
formations of Java . . . . . . . . . . . .
21. Percentage of recent molluscan species in
tertiary faunae from Java . . . . . . . . .
22. Classifications of the Tertiary in the East Indies
and their provisional correlation with the
European stratigraphy. . . . . . . . . . .
23. Lower Tertiary of the Bajah Region (West Java)
24. Stratigraphy of the Upper Eocenc of Nanggulan
25. Stratigraphy of the Eocene of the Djiwo Hills
26. Stratigraphical correlation table of the Tcrtiary
and Quaternary of J'lva . . . . . . . . 108/109
27. This number has been cancelled . . . . . .
28. Lower Tertiary stratigraphy of North Sumatra 112

i
!

!
I

I
i

29. Tertiary stratigraphy of the Gajo-Lands . .


30.- Stratigraphy of the Tertiary, South Sumatra
31. Stratigraphical scheme of the Tcrtiary and
Quaternary in South Sumatra . . . . . . .
32. Tertiary stratigraphy of Indragiri-Pelalawan .
33. Thickness of the tertiary strata in Atjeh . .
34. Stratigraphy of thc Lower Tertiary in SEBorneo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
35. Stratigraphy of the Lower Tcrtiary in West
Pasir (SE-Borneo) . . . . . . . . . . . . .
36. Strrrtigraphy of the Lower Tertiary in South
Kutai (E-Borneo) . . . . . . . . . . . . .
37. Stratigraphy of the Lower Tertiary in Northwest Kutai (E-Bornco) . . . . . . . . . .
38. Stratigraphy of the Lower Tertiary in the
Mangkalihat Peninsula (E-Borneo) . . . . .
39. Stratigraphy of the Lower Tertiary in Bulungan
and the Tidung Lands (NE-Borneo) . . . .

40. Stratigraphy of the Tcrtiary of the Upper


Barito area (Central Borneo). . . . . . . .

Page

112
116
121
121
122
129
130
130
13 1
132
132
133

41. Preliminary correlation table for the Tertiary


of Southeast and Central Borneo, composed
by MOHLER . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1381139
42. Stratigraphy of the Upprr Tertiary of the
Bulungan-Berau Basin. . . . . . . . . . . 141
43. Tentative stratigraphical correlation of the
Philippine Islands. . . . . . . . . . . . . 146
44. Stratigraphy of the Lower Tertiary in the South
arm of Celebes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148
45. Stratigrriphy of the Lower Tertiary of Misool 153
46. Stratigraphy of the Upper Tertiary of Misool IS4
47. Stratigraphy of the Lower Tertiary of Sumba 155
48. Stratigraphy of the Lower Tertiary of Tinior 156
49. Generalized stratigraphy of Sumba . . . . . 157
50. Stratigraphy of the Young Neogene and
Quaternary of the Central Basin of Tinior 160
51. Tentative lithological correlation between the
N.P.P.M. and the B.P.M. stratigraphy for Nias 170
52. Correlation of the Nias-stratigraphy with the
Sumatra-stratigraphy . . . . . . . . . . . 17 1
53. Tentative lithological correlation between the
N.P.P.M. and the B.P.M. stratigraphy for
Simalur . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17:
54. Tentative correlation of the Tertiary and
Quaternary in the Island-festoon West of
Sumatra . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1741175
55. Stratigraphy of the Andaman Islands . . . 177
56. Stratigraphical correlation of the Tertiary in
southeastern Borneo and western New Guinea 183
57. Preliminary stratigraphy of the Tertiary and
Quaternary in the Upper Digul Region. . . 184
58. Stratigraphy of the Lower Tertiary in the Port
Moresby area (Papua) . . . . . . . . . . . 185

40

-.

L I S T 0I F T A B L E S
-~

Table

59.
60.
61.
62.
63.
64.
65.
66.
67.
68.
69.
70.
71.
72.
73.

74.
75.
76.
77.

--- -

~~

Page

CHAPTER 111. VOLCANISM


Total number active volcanoes and solfatara
& fumarole fields in the Indian Archipelago
Classifications of glowing clouds (nukes
ardentes). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Submarine centres of volcanic activity in the
Indian Archipelago . . . . . . . . . . . .
Silica-content of Krakatau eruption-products
Periodicity of the Semeru activity . . . . .
Periodicity of the Merapi activity . . . . .
Relation between the Woro-solfatara temperatures and the eruption of the Merapi in 19421943. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Genetic classification of volcanic forms . . .
Analyses of the water of the thermal springs at
Tjiater (West Java) . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fissures of the volcanic complex of Halmaheira
Scheme of the orogenic evolution of the Banda
Arcs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Low-level and high-level basic fronts . . . .
Scheme of the derivation of Mediterranean
volcanic rocks from the Pacific suite . . . .
Comparison of the average chemical composition of the Sukadana basalts with the IndoChina basalts and the Plateau basalts . . .
Tentative scheme for the origin of the various
suites of igneous rocks in the Indian Archipelago

Table

I
190
193
203
205
205
207
207
213
217
221
228
246
251
254
255

CHAPTER 1V. GEOPHYSICS


List of casualties and damages caused by the
earthquake of Central Java, July 23, 1943 . 267
Divisions of the tectonosphere . . . . . . . 283
This number has been cancelled . .
. .
Shells of the silicate mantle of the earth . . 285

'

GEOLOGICAL EVOLUTION
BORNEO

78. Tabular summary of the geology of Central


Borneo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 327
79. Composition of the continental part of Westand Central Borneo (Zone C)
. . . . . . 335
80. Scheme of the orogenic evolution in Centraland NW-Borneo . . . . . . . . . . . . . 338
81. General trendlines of the orogenic development
of West and Central Borneo . . . . . . . 339
82 Chemical analyses of Pamali Breccias. . . . 344
83. Scheme of the orogenic evolution of B o ~ n e oin
. . . . 360
the Tertiary and Quaternary . . .

MALAYA

84. Provisional lithological subdivision of the


Permo-Carboniferous Formation in N W Pahang (Malaya) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 362
PHILIPPINES

85. Structural phases in the development of the


. .
Philippine Islands. . . . . . . . .

. .

375

NORTHERN MOLUCCAS

86. Tentative correlation of the stratigraphy in


the Philippines and in the Talaud Tslands . .
87. Stratigraphy of the Sula Islands . . . . . .
88. Stratigraphy of the Halmaheira Group . . .
89. Scheme of the stages of evolution in thc three
. . . .
parts of the Samar Arc . . .

. .

379
382
384
388

90. Tentative stratigraphy of the North arm of


Celebes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
91. Evolution of the Gorontalo section. North arm
of Celebes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
92. Evolution of the North-Bungku and Bongka
area (western part of the East arm of Celebes)
93. Scheme of the tertiary and quaternary evolution
of the northern part of the Celebes Orogene
94. Progressive southward maturing of the Samar
Arc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
95. Structural units of the Central part of the
Celebes Orogene . . . . . . . . . . . . .
96. Correlation of the structural units in the northern and central parts of the Celebes Orogene
97. Mesozoic in Kendari facies in SE-Celebes .
98. Tentative stratigraphy of the northern part of
the South arm of Celebes (Tae-Toradja Lands)
99. Correlation of the structural units in the central
and southern parts of the Celebes Orogene .
100. Stages of evolution in the consecutive sections
of the Samar Arc. . . . . . . . . . . . .
101. Stratigraphy of the southern part of the South
arm of Celebes . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

392
393
397
40 1
402
412
413
417
427
43 1
43 1
432

45 1
102. Geological history of Ceram . . . .
103. Volcanic islands of the Banda Inner Arc (South
of Banda)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 1

..

..

CHAPTER V.

Page
CELEBES

LESSER S U N D A ISLANDS

104. Geological evolution of the volcanic inner arc


of the Timor Orogene. . . . . . . . . . . 498
105. Thickness of the Tambola ash layer, according
and NEEB. . . . . . . . . . 504
t o ZOLLINGER
106. Generalized outline of the geological evolution
of Sumba . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 509
107. Tentative stratigraphical cor~elation of the
Lesser Sunda Islands . . . . . . . . . . . 535
JAVA A N D M A D U R A

108. Correlation scheme of the Kendeng Zone and


the Strait of1Madura Zone. . . . . . . . .
109. Stratigraphy of the Tertiary in the Tjepu area
110. Tentative correlation of the stratigraphy of the
Tertiary and Quaternary in East Java . . .
110a. Stratigraphical correlation of the Tertiary and
Quaternary in Central Java . . . . . . . .
I lob. Scheme of the development of the West-Progo
volcanoes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11 1. Development of the Bajah Mountains (South
Bantam) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
112. Stratigraphy of the Tjimandiri Valley (West
Java) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
113. Stratigraphy of the Tjiandjur-Padalarang Section of the Bandung Zone. . . . . . . . .
114. Stratigraphy of the central section of the
Bandung Zone . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
I 15. Stratigraphy of the Bogor Zone in Central
Bantam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
116. Stratigraphy of the central and eastern part
of the Bogor Zone (West Java) . . . . . .

583
586
590
595
596
63 1
637
639
640
646
649

LIST OF
.-

p
p
-

~~

TABLES

~~

Table

668

703

--

- - - . ~~-~
-

41
Page

122. Tertiary and quaternary cycles of development


of the asthenolith ~ ~ n d e r n e a t hthe Barisan
Zone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 706
123. The evolution of the Anambas System in time
and space . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 707

664

669
684

Table

Page
SUM.ZTRA

117. Stratigraphy of the overtrust mass of Djan~bi


118. Tectonic belts of the Malaya-, Sumatra-, a n d
Sunda Orogenes . . . . . . . . . . . . .
119. Scherne of the pre-tcrtiary evolution of Malaya,
and of Central- and South Sumatra . . . .
120. Volcano-tectonic depressions in South Surn;ltra
121. Oceanwarcl shift of the Ananibas System in thc
Tcrtiary and the Quaternary . . . . . . . .

----

~i
i

NEW GUINEA

124. S t r ~ ~ c t ~ belts
~ r a l of the nliddlc part of New
Guinea . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

719

42
...

INDEX

....

INDEX
A B D I L L A . Q . A . . . . . . 143. 144
A B E L L A> C A S A R I E C E
; ~. . . . . 370
ABBOT J . H . . . . . . . . . . 75
ABENDANON.
E . C . 78.402. 408. 41 7.
426 427
4cnnthina . . . . . . . . . . 8 1
4catlthion hrach?;rus ( L ) . . . . 94
.4carrthocladi a . . . . . . . . . 76
4ceratheriunz hoschi . . . 9 1. 94. 650
Accration of coasts . 21 (Sumatra).
30 (Brantas. .lava). 298 a.f. (Sunda
shelf area) 702 ( N E Sumatra)
4c!itinris sutnatracnsis . . . 77. 661
.-lctir~oc,~
~ l i n a. . . . . . . . . 185
Adalbert Range . . . . . . . 716
ADAM. J . W . H . . 12. 314. 318. 319.
415
ADAMS.G . .1. 144 (note I). 147. 370
ADAMS& PRATT . . . . . . . 370
Adonara (Lesser Sunda Tsl.) . . 52.
493 .494
Aeolian tuffs . . . . . . . . . 196
AERNOUT.W . A . .I. . . . . 3 19 320
Agalhiceras . . . . . . . . . . 475
Agrogeology (Soil science) . . . 13
AHLBURG.J . . . . . . . . . . 390
Ai-Pinang Beds (Simalur) . 172. 175
Airkuning Beds (Djambi Nappe
Sumatra) . . . . . . . . . . 664
AIRY . . . . . . 272. 293. 704. 706
Akimeugah area ( W . New Guinca) . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
AKKERSDIJK.
M . E . . . . . . . 31 8
Ak!inoc~~clina rrltic.ostrr!rr
(NUTTALL). . . . . . . . . 136
ALBRECHT.J . C . 13 . . . . . 134. 334
Algae . . . . . . . . . . . . 446
Aliambata district (Port Timor) 73 .
524-527
Alino Formation (Meratus Range.
SE-Borneo) . . . . 64. 75. 226. 341
ALLAN. R . S . . . . . . . . . 90
Allied Mining Corporation (Portuguese Timor) . . . . . . . 162
Alor . . . . . . . . . . . 52. 240
Alpaco Series (Philippines) 145. 146
AI~leolina 78. 53. 84 85. 104. fig . 410.
532. 603. 604
Alveolina bontangetlsis RUTTEN . 32 1
Alveolina boscii D E ~ R A N C.: 85 . 137
Alveolinella . . . . . . . 84. 87. 501
Alveolin(ellja hontangensis RUTT. 8 I .
84. 85. 180. 433. 629
AIveolinella (Flo.c.crtli~iella)globuIosa M A R T. . . . . . . . 180. 598.
603. 629
Alveolinella q u o ~ l i (D'ORRIGNY)
137
fig . 41a. t a b. 4 1 . 168. 178. 179. 180.
181. 554 (note 2) 593
Alveolinellidae
84. 86. 1 35. fig . 4 1.1.
137. 140. 156
Alveolinidae . . . . . . . 183. 501
ALVIR. A . D . .
34 (note I). 142.
143. 144. 147. 227. 370. 371. 373

.
.

Amarasso Beds (Timor Permian) 74


Ambalau (Amblau; near B U ~ L 453
I)
Amboina (Ambon) G r o u p . . . 444
455 a.f.
Amfoan rcgion (Timer)- . . 73. 156
Ambonites . . . . . . . . 457. 488
Atnmobac~tlites calcareus BRADY 89
A m b o n Undation (Zonc)
477-478.
482.484. 488. 498. 499. 500
Atnmodiscus . . . . . . . 164. 182
Ammodiscus incertus (D'ORBIGNY) 89
An7monites . . . . . . . . . . 77
Ammonites ex gr . Ceratites . . . 419
Atninonites ex gr . Clioni1e.s . . . 419
An7nlonites lingula!us . . . . . 76
Amonotis . . . . . . . . . . . 72
AMPFERER.0. . . . . . . 287. 669
At7iphistegina 78. 149. 168. 169. 391.
467 474
Atnphisteginrr lessonii D'ORBIGNY89.
168
Amplexus covalloides . . . . . 533
Ampullina boettgeri M A R T. . . . I05
Ampullinopsis . . . . . . . . . 142
Amusirrm hrrlshofi ( M A R T I N ) . . 646
Anambas & Tambelan Islands . 17.
225. 303
Anambas System (southwestward evolution) 668..672. 703 7 0 7
Anambas Zone (Sunda Land) 364.
662 . 702
Ancilla gerthi OOSTINGH. . . . 646
Ancilla paelel; BOETTGER
. . . . 105
Ancilla renihangensis M A R T. . . 81
Arlcilla .rorl.poer1si.c . . . . . . . 105
Andaman Basin . . . . . 54. 709
Andamans 8: Nicobars 53. 177. 231.
707-709 728
ANDERSEN. . . . . . . . . . 300
ANDERSON
CHARLESA . . . . . 191
Andjasmoro Volcano (.lava) . . 570
ANDRFWS.C H. W . A. . . . . . 187
"Annulatrrs" complex . . . . . 657
Anomalina . . . . . . . . . . 182
Anomalina ammonoides (REUSY)16 1
Anomia . . . . . . . . . . . 8 1
ANSEL,E . A. . . . . . . . 288. 293
Antamok volcanism (Philippines) 227
Antatai Basin (South Sumatra) 679
4ntelopc moa'jokertensis . . . . 92
.Antelope saatensis . . . . . . . 92
.-lntlrozo a . . . . . . . . . . . 446
.-lritlrracotherirrm . . . . . . . 126
Anti-root (simatic) . . . . 288. 483
Apar-Laut syncline (SE Borneo) 130
Ape-Man . . . . . . . . 91, 108
Api Volcano of Sangeang (see
Sangeang) .
Api Volcano North of Wetar
(see Gunung Api) .
Apoli'metes grimesi e l o r i g a l ~
(HAANSTRA
& SPIKER). . . . 646
Aptyches . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Aquitanian 86, 88 1 14, 121. 125. fig .
41a & b, 137, 138, 146 657. 704
Arca . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126

.-lrca nntiquata L I N N.

. 161 (notc I)
l/ul.~hqfiMART. . . . . . 81
ttranengten~ana. . . . . . 582
tirolen~raqffi MART. . . . 105
ARCHBOLDExpedition . . . . . 58
ARCHBOLDRAIZD.BRASS . . . 58
Ardjnwinangun syncline (Java) 575
Ardjuno Volcano (Java) . . . . 570
Area . . 1 (larger phys . units), 32
(larger Philippine Isl.). 51 (Lesser
Sunda Tsl.), 54 (Isl . W of Sumatra)
ARGAND,E . . . . . . . . 336. 370
Argobuccinritn . . . . . . . . . 81
Argonauts . . . . . . . . . . 102
Arieliceras s p . . . . . . . . . 71
Arietite.~. . . . . . . . . 4 19. 475
Arniocera.~cf . setiiilaeve . . . . 66
Aru Islands . . . . . . . 59, 721
Aru Basin . . . . 467-468. 469, 721
Asahan River (North Sumatra) 689
Asanoina .plohosa ( Y. 8: A. ) . 162
Assilina 78. 83. 84. 85. 86. 87. 103.
104. 105, 1 1 1 . 127. 128. 132. 135,
136. 148. 149, 155. 156 (tab . 48)
165 (note 2) 177. 185. 327. 390.
391, 408, 427, 473, 509 603, 618
A.~silinagronulo.ra D'ARTHIATI OR. I77
A.s.rilitio granulo.rm D'ARTH.. 1171.t n e r i ~ iD'ARCH. & HAIMEvar .
"major" . . . . . . . . . . 136
A.r.rilina granrilo.~aD'ARCH. - leytneriei D'ARCH. & H A I M Evar .
"niinor" . . . . . . . . . . 136
A.rsilirm spira (D'ROISSY). . . . 106
.-ls!rrt~ocorrites . . . . . . . . 533
.-lsteroc!~clir2n 136. 148. 153 156 185,
420
Asteroc~~cliria
ctellatn (D'ARCHIAC)136
Asthenolith . . . . . . . . 282 n.f.
Astracotnorpha cor!firca W I N K..I 443
Aslrarea cf . colrinic~llataO P P E N H
. 66,
78, 427
Alhyrides limestones . . . . . . 69
Atjeh (Atchin) (see also North
Sumatra) 21, fig . 14 (phys . struct.),
1 12. 122 (strat.), 126, 694
Atlantic igneous rocks (see
Origin of . . . . . ).
Atopodonta . . . . . . . . . . 144
Aucella . . . 66. 69, 70. 71, 74, 453
Aucella s p . . . . . . . . . 71, 537
Artcella malayo-maorica KRUMB
. 65,
41 9, 450
Australasiatic Archipelago (name)
1
Austral-Asiatic Mediterranean
(name) . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Australian continent (rim o f ) . 58
Australian Mountain System . . 730
Arcstrotrillina (Trillina howchini) 87
Auwewa Series . . . . . . . . 77
Avicula s p . . . . . . . . . . . 417
Avicrtlidae . . . . . . . . . . 443
Axinea Beds (Nanggulan) . . . 105
Axinaea drlnh-eri BOETTG. . . . 105
Axis . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
Axis cf . l ~ d e k k e r.i . . . . . . 566

.4rca
.4rca
.4rca

. .

.. -

Bann (Banda arcs) . . . . . . 465


BAARTMANS.
J . A . . . . . 17. 300
Babar (Banda arcs) . . . . 474. 485
Bab~lonia (Dipsacus) . . . . . 8 1
Bsckdeep Banda System
463. 464
469. 470. 478
Backdecp Borneo System . 359. 360
Backdeep Java-Sumatra section 53
Rackdeep Nicobars & Andamans 54
Backdeep Timor orogenc . . . 541
BACKER.C . A . . . . . . . . 6. 1 1
BACKLUNDH . G . 232. 234. 235. 236.
242. 3 1 1. 442
Bnculo.q.~.psinct
. . . . . . . . . 167
RADINGSH . 11. .
60. 78. 106. I 12.
113. 127. 132. 133. 149. 153. 707
Badui Bcds . . . . . . . . . 629
BAGGEI.AAR.
H . . . . . . . . . 153
Bagor Layers (Java) 552. fig . 263 on
pl . 32
Baguio district (Luzon) 217 (genesis
orc deposits)
BAILEYWILLIS 34-38. 145. 258. 368
370. 441
Bajah Layers (Bantam) . . 104. 628
Bajah Region of Bantam . . . 104
Bajah Mts . (Bantam. Wcst Java) 628.
630
BAKER.G . . . . . 188.204.214. 710
BAKY.L . A . J . . . . . . . 83. I53
Balnntrs . . . . . . . 573. 575. 621
Ralanus-limestone . 565. 568. 578. 590
Balntatria kochi Vlru . DE R . . . 446
Rali (Lesser Sunda Isl.) 52. 505~-506
Bali Sea . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Baliem River . . . . . . . . . 58
Balikpapan Beds (Borneo) 134. 139.
140
BALL . . . . . . . . . . . . 707
Baluran Volcano ( J a v a ) . . . . 552
Banda arcs 48 (phys.). fig . 20 153.
227 228 ischemc of evolution). 441
~ 1 . f .igeol.). 461 a.f. (evolution northern part). 468 a.f. (evolution eastern
part). 476 a.f. (evolution southern
part) 479 a.f. (evolution wholc
system) 728 (section of Sunda
Mountain System)
Banda inner arc . . . . . 48. 153
Banda outer arc . . . . . 49. 153
Bandune Zone . . 27 . 627. 637. 639

INDEX
-.
.

.
.
.

miocene orogenesis), 677 (pliopleistocene orogenesis) 684, 687, 694


20, 129, 133,
Barito area (Borneo)
138, 140
B.ARREL. . . . . . . . . 276, 277
BARTH,T . F . W . . . . . . . . 243
BARTH& OFTEDAHL. . . . . 247
Barup11 tuffs ( S W part Central
Celebes) . . . . . . 203,428. 430
Barus (West coast Sumatra) . . 21
Baruyen Formation (Philippines) 146,
372
Basal conglomerates (Philippines) 144.
116
Basal conglomerate Zone (North
coast West New Guinea) . . 178
Basal Layers (Palcogene North
Sumatra) . . . 112 (tables 28, 29)
Basal Sandstone Scries . . 169-176
Basalt effusions (post-orogenic) 252254
Basic fronts . . . . . . . 234. 246
Baslco Beds (Timor Permian) . 74
I
BASTIAN. . . . . . . . . . .
Batak culmination o r Tumor . 23,
fig . 15. 687 . 695
Batnk Lands (North Sumatra) . 676
Batam (Riouw-Lingg;~ Arch.) . 307
Ratan Formation (Philippines) 142,
143. 144 146
Batavia (plain of) . . . . . 27. 654
B A . ~ H E&R BOEHM
. . . . . . . 5 10
Bathymetrical chart 15. fig. 78 o n
pl . 8. 32. 48 (note 2)
Bathjsiphun . . . . . . . . . 164
Batui Nappe (East a r m Celebcs) 395
Batu 1sl;lnds . . . . . 164 (strat.)
Batungampor Horizon (Java)
552.
fig . 263 on pl . 32
Batuputih (Timor) . . . . . . 512
Bnturadja limestones (South Sumatra) . . . . . 116. 118, 121, 122
Baturagung Range (Java) . 554. 558
Baturetno Basin (Java) . . 557. 558
Batur Volcano (Bali) . 196, 210. 215,
505 -506
Batu Tara Range . . .
538 a.f.
Batu T ~ I - : IRidge . . . . . 490-491
Batu Tnra Volcano (Flores Sea) 492-~
493. 538
BAUER. . . . . . . . . . . . 296
Bauxites of Bintan . . . . . . 311
B A U ~ I B E R G E .R .. . . . . 65. 661
Bawean (island of ) . . . 17, 321
BEARTH,P . . . . . . . . . . . 242
BEAUFORT.
L . F . DE
5 60 74. 102.
113, 389 511
Bebuluh (transgression and Beds) 134.
139 159
BECKER . . . . . . . . . . . 281
BECKERINC;.
J . D . H . . . . 491.493
BEETS,C. 4. 79, 80, 83. 102, 134 (note
I ) . 1 1 1 . 142, 144, 419, 421, 447, 554
(note 1)
BEHRMANN,
W . . . 8, fig . 8, 9. I8
BEL, J . . . . . . . . . . . . 457
Beletntlites 66. 71. 76, 77. 397, 406
532
8elen1nopsi.c alfr11.ica BOEHM. . 41 9
Belrmnop.ris gernrdi OPP. 69, 382, 41 6,
41 7 (tab . 97), 419
BELTZ.E . W . 106, 114 126, 129. 130
131, 134, 149. 186, 710

--

Bangil anticline (Java) . . . . . 571


Bangka . . . . . 17. 225. 237. 315
Bangkaru iBan.iak Isl.) . . . . 171
Banisilan Formation (Philippines) 146.
147
Banjak Beds (Java) . . 572. 573. 606
Banink Islands . . . . . . . . 171
Bnniak volcanoes . . . . . . . 565
anl lam 27 (phys.), Hogor zone in
. . . .) 645
Bantamian . . . . . . . . . . 82
Bantam tuffs . . . . . . . . . 646
Bapang section (Sangiran. E a t
Java) . . . . . . . . . . . 566
BARDI . . . . . . . . . . . . 192
BAREN.F. A . V A N 12. 250. 252. 594
Barisan Range (Sumatra) . . 21 3.f.
(physiogr.), 500 (scheme). 673 (intra-

. .

236. 238. 265. 267. 269. 272. 276.


278. 280 281. 289. 290. 293. 295.
296. 299. 308. 310. 336. 363. 364.
370. 430. 441. 478. 504. 563. 564.
565. 572. 573. 593: 596. 604. 605.
607 (note I ) . 609 . 610 61 1. fig. 306.
612. 613 . 614. 623. 624. 626. 629.
641. 642. fig. 330. 644 (note I). 648.
652. 653. 659. 660. 661. 662. 668.
671. 679. 680 . 681. 683. 684. 687.
688.695.699.704.709. 730
BEMMELEN.
W . V A N . . . . . 6. 504
Bengbreng cscarpment (West
Jxva) . . . . . . . . . . . 622
Benkulen area (South Sumatra) 115.
116. 678
Benkulen Block (South Sumatra) 678.
685
Ben(g)kunat batholith (South
Sumatra) . . . . . . 115. 237-.238
Bentang Bcds (West Java) . 621. 622
Bentarsari Basin (Java) fig. 341 and
342. 654
BENTHEM
JUTTING W . S . S . V A N 82
Berau area (East Borneo) . . . 141
BERG. C . C . . . . . . . . . . 644
BERGFR.D E N . . . . . . . . . 14
Rcrhala ([sl . in Malacca Str.) . 3 14

BERLACE
& BREST V A N KEMPEN267
. . . . . . . . . . . 14
BERNARD
BERTRAND.
M . . . . . . . . . 723
Beser Beds (Wcsl Java) . . . . 620
BLZEMER.
T . J . . . . . 644 (note I )
Biak . . . . . . . . . . . 77. 178
Bibos hutltena . . . . . . . . . 92
Billiton . . . . . 17. 225. 237. 318
BIJLAARDP . P . 269 . 272 . 277. 278.
280 . 281. 441
RILTZ . . . . . . . . . . . . 215
Binangoan limestonc (Philippines) 143.
144. 146
Bintau (Riouw-Lingga Arch.) 236 308
Biplat~i.~pipic. . . . . 86. 87. 179. 356
Biplanispiru nb.cttrrln UMBGROVE
130.
136. tab . 41
Biplunispirn tnirabilis UMBG. 86. 13 1.
136
Bitauni Beds (Tinior Permian) . 74
Bivergent orogcnic system . . . 723
Black Clays (Java) (see also
Patjangan Beds) . . . . 565. 575
Blrjck Clay (North Sumatra) . 112.

. . . .

Blitar Subzone (Java) . . . 30. 547


BLOM. JOH . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Blue Clays . . . . . . . . . . 565
BLUHMENTHAL
. . . . . . . . 223
Bobaris Mts . (SE-Borneo) . . . 341
Bochinnite.~. . . . . . . . . . 382
Bodas series (basal limestonc
horizon of the) (Central Java) 606
Bodas series (the volcanic facies
of the) (Central Java) . . . . 606
BOEHM(Bohm). G . 69. 102. 105.451.
453.456. 460

BOEHM & PENNECKE


. 510. 530. 533
BOETTGFR. . . . . . . . 102. 510
Bogor Zone (West Java) 27. 645. 648
(western part). 650 (central and
eastern part). 654 (eastern end)
BOHRER.K . . . . . . . . . . 710
BOISSEVAIN.
H . . . . . . . . . 97
BOK. J . C . . . . . . . . . . . 702
BOLD. W . A . V A N D E N . . . . 715
BOLD.V A N DEN & V A N DER SLUYS304.
307. 310
Bolivina . . . . . . . 163. 164. 182
Bolivit~a roblcsta (BRADY). . . I51
Bolivinita . . . . . . . . . . . 163
Bolivinita quadrilatera (SCHWAGER). . . . . . . . 89. 151. 161
Bolivinoides . . . . . . . 77. 78. 449
Bombarai Peninsula . . . 56. 77. 712
(Regional geology)
Bone Mts . (South arm Celebes) 432 a.f.
Bonerate (Flores Sea) . . . . . 437
Bone ridge (South arm Celebes) 729
Bone trough (Celebes) . . . 436. 440
Bongka (see North Bungku and
Bongka area).
Booi Mts or region (Timor) 156. fig.
220 on pl . 513
BOOMGAART.
L . 88. 251. 593. 674. 686
BOOMGAART
& VROMAN. . . . 574
Border Clay o r Shale (North
Sumatra) . . . 122. fig. 35. 123
Borderlands (submerged) . . . 14. 56
( N Melanesia). fig. 1 I on pl . 2. fig.
378 on pl . 41. 725
Borelis
105. 127. 128. 132. 136. 137.
148. 149. 156 (tab . 48). 384 (tab . 88).
420.446.467.473. 474
Borelis (= Alveolina)
86. 87. 136.
137 154 155

. .

~ o r e l i i( ~ h s c u l i n a ). . . . . . 87
Borelis ( = Flosculina. Fasciolites) 103
Borelis amarassiensis HENR. . . 156
(tab . 48)
Borelis (Fasciolites) javana VERBEEK
. . . 155. 156 (tab . 48). 177
Borelis Iepidula SCHW.
156. tab . 48
Borelis (Alveolina) oblonga D'ORB. 153
Borelis (Fasciolites) oblonga
D'ORB. . . . . 155. 156 (tab . 48)
Borelis ovicula NUTT. . . . . . 153
Borelis pygmea HANZAWA
156 (tab. 48)
Borelis timorensis VERBEEK
. . . 156
(tab . 48)
Borelis (Fasciolites) wichtnanni
RUTT.
153. 156 (tab . 48). 177
BORN.A . . . . . . . . . . . 723
Borneo 18 (physiography). 60 a.f.
(Mesozoic). 126 (Tertiary). 225 (ign .
rocks). 326 a.f. (geol.)
Bos sp . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
B o s c ~ .C . A . V A N DEN . . 197. 210
boss^. VAN . . . . . . . . . . 423
BOTH^, A . CH. D . 13. 17. 61. 65. 68.
105. 106. 148. 303. 304. 308. 389.
414. 417. 418. 419. 555. 557
B o d . AMI . . . . . . . . . . 233
Bouganville Mts . . . . . . . 57
BOUMAN.E . F.' . . . . . . 492. 493
1
Boundaries (of the East Indies)
Boundary Miocene-Pliocene 93. 18 1
Boundary Pliocene-Pleistocene . 93

Boundary Pretertiary-Tertiary . 78
BOWEN.N . L . . . . . 232.234. 281
BOWEN& NIGCLI . . . . . . . 248
BRAAK.C . . . . . . . . . . . 6. 8
BRAAKE.
A . L . TER . . . . . . 222
Brachiopoda . . . . . . . 62. 102
Brani conglomerate (Central Sumatra) . . . . . . . . . . . 113
Brantas River . . . . . . . . 30
Breccia Horizons (Lukulo. Central Java) . . . . . . . 603. 604
Breccia and Marl Stage (Paleogene Central Sumatra) . . . 113
Brechites venustulus . . . . . . 142
BRENNER
FELSACH . . . . . . 689
Bringinan anticline (Java) . . . 568
Bril Reef (Flores Sea) . . . . . 436
British North Borneo . . . 132. 141
BROEK.J . 0. M . . . . . . . . 2. 7
BROGGER
. . . . . . . . . . . 28 1
BROILI.F. . . 389. 407. 475. 51 1. 530
BRONGERSMA.
L . D . . . . . . . 94
BRONN . . . . . . . . 72 (note 1 )
BROUWER.
D . . . . . . . . . 487
BROUWER.
H . A . 43. 52. 52. (note I).
53. 60. 61. 65. 73. 78. 72 (note 2).
75. 148. 153. 154. 159. 160. 208. 213.
215. 220. 232. 239. 240. 251. 377.
378. 379. 380. 381. 383. 389-392.
402-408. 411. 414. 415. 417. 418.
426. 427. 430. 433. 435. 441. 449.
450. 453. 456. 457. 465. 475. 476.
485. 486. 490. 495. 500. 501. 510.
513. 519. 520. 530. 531. 532. 636.
663
BROUWER
& DE BEAUFORT
. . . 433
BROUWER
& HETZEL . 427.428. 430
Brown coal Zone (North coast
West New Guinea) . . . . . 178
BROWNE.W . R . . . . . . . . 710
BRUGGEN.G . TER 78. 126. 128. 132.
143. 329. 340. 344. 371
BRUN. A . . . . . . . . . . . 215
BRUYNE.D L . DE 73. 102. 160. 161.
162. 511. 519. 520
Bryozoa . . . . . . . . . . 62. 64
Bualemo Peninsula (East arm
Celebes) . . . . . . . . . . 402
Buballrs palaeokerabau . . . . . 94
BUBNOFF.S . VON . . . . . 79. 294
Buccinulum . . . . . . 554 (note 1)
BUCHER. . . . . . . . . . . 336
Blcchia (Aucella) malayomaorica 536
Buchia (Aucella) subspitiensis . 536
B ~ ~ C K I.N .G . . . . . . . 435. 689
Buckling hypothesis of VENING
MEINESZ. . . . . . . . 272 a.f.
Buckling and isostasy . . . . . 544
BUGGE.JENS . . . . . . . 233. 234
Bukit Mapas Complex (South
Sumatra) . . . . . . . . . . 681
Bulimina . . . . . . . . . . . 182
Bulimina aculeata (D'ORBIGNY). 161
Bulimina striata D'ORBIGNY . . 89
Bullalveolina . . . . . . . . . 137
BULLARD.E . C . . . . . . . . 271
B ~ ~ L o wVON
. . . . . . . . . . 51 1
Bulucan Province (Luzon. Philippines) . . . . . . . . . . 371
Bulungan area (East Borneo) 133. 141
Bungalun area (East Borneo) 13 1. 138.
140
Bungku (see North Bungku) .

Bunguran or Natuna major . . 303


Bunju (Island) . . . . . . . . 141
BURCK. . . . . . . . . . . . 511
Burma Orogene . . . . . . . 727
Buru (Island) 50. 72 (Mesozoic). 154
(Paleogene). 450 a.f. (geol.)
Butak Beds (Java) . . . . . . 556
Butak Volcano (Java) . . . . . 570
Buton
42 (Arch.), I48 (Paleogene).
389. 419 a.f. (geol.)
Butonite (glassy dikes. Buton) 422-423
Buton System . . 424-426.441. 729
(Section of Sunda Mountain System)

CADISH . . . . . . . . . . . 287
Cadosina . . . . . . . 443.446. 532
Cadosina .fusca WANNER69. 4 19. 446
Cadosina semiradinta . . . . . 450
Calamites ex gr . leioderma . 62. 327
Calcarina . . . . . . . . 13 1. 169
Calcarina majori CUSHMAN. . 168
Calcispongiae . . . . . . . . . 446
Calderas . . . . . 210 505(Batur)
Camerina 65. 78. 84. 85; 88. 90. 103.
104. 105 106. 111 112. 114. 122.
127. 128. 129. 131. 132. 133. 136.
142. 148. 149. 153. 154. 155. 156.
163. 165 (note 2). 170. 172. 173. 174.
175. 176. 177. 178. 184. 185. 329.
335. 370. 383. 384 (tab . 88). 390.
391. 408. 420. 426. 427. 432 (tab .
101). 433. 449. 467. 473. 474. 509.
532. 533. 567. 603. 604. 618. 619.
637
Camerina atacica LEYM
. . . . . 177
Camerina bagelensis VERBEEK. 85.
105. 106. 130. 132. 153. 156 tab . 48.
177. 179. 185
Camerina bonluensis HENR
. 156 (tab .
48)
Camerina cf . horelis . . . . . . 148
Camerina crncse-ornata HENZ
(non A s s i l i n ~ ~ ) 1 56. 156 (tab . 48)
Camerina diokdiokartne MART. 85
10s. 155. i s 5
Camerina d'orhian1.i (G ALEOTTI)136
Camerina jichtel~'
. . 136. tab . 41
Camerina fickteli MICH. intermedia D'ARCHIAC85. 90. 103. 104.
106. 129. 136. tab . 41 .. 153. 179.. 180..
589; 639'
'
Camerina cf . -plobula LEYM
. 156 (tab.
48)
Camerina guettardi D'ARCH
. . . 156
(tab . 48)
Camerina javana VERB. . . . . 106
Camerina javana var . p VERB. . 85
Canzerina kelatensis CART. 132, 156.
156 (tab . 48)
Camerina nanggulani VERB. . . 105
Camerina nuttalli (Nutt.) D A V. 85. 132
Catnerina pengaronensis VERB
.
(=nanggoelani)
85. 106. 156
(tab . 48)
Camerina perforata MONTF
. . . 156
Camerina semiglobula DOORNINK136
Canlerina thalica DAVIS . . 85. 132
Camerina ~jariolaria SOW. 132. 156
(tab . 48)
Canierina vredenhurgi . . . 85. 105

INDEX
-

Cumerines P e n i n s ~ ~ (SE
l a Luzon) 35
Camerinidcre . . . . . 80. 103. 104
Cnmerininae . . . . . . . 105. 1 12
CAMPBELL
SMITH. . . . . . . 187
Canrharrrs eulianlrs (MARTIN). . 646
CARBO~NE
WL.. L . . . . . . . 75
C'arciira i~illegondae MART
. . . . 105
Carneg~eInstitution of Washington . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
Carolinan Basin . . . . . . . 388
Carstensz G r o u ~. . . . fig . 22 I84
(strat . Tert.)
Cassianellrr . . . . . . . . 65. 407
Ca.~sicirrli/ia. . . . . . . . . . 164
Ca.r.ridulinu subg1obo.c.a BR.ADY
89, 16 1
Catitrrj~siaflora . . . . . . 62, 721
CAUDRI.C'. M . B.
83. 84. 89. 105.
106. 155. 157. 507. 508. 623
Cause of overthrust structures
(Timor orogene) . . . . 542-~545
Celebes Basin . . . . . . . . 353
Celebes Molasse . . . . . . . 150
Celebes Orogene . . . 389 i1.f .. 440
Celebes (Sulawesi)
40 (phys.), 65
(Mesozoic). 147 (Tertiary). 227 (ign.
rocks) 245 (ophiolitcs). 389 a.f.
(geol.)
Celebochoerus heekeritzi HOOVER435
Central Basin of Timor 73. tab . 50.
161 (strat.), 520. 521. 522
Central Celebes 43 (phys.), 389. 402
a.f. (geol.)
Central Ceram . . . . . . 445 a.f.
Central Java . . . . . . . 594. 614
Central Mountain Range (New
Guinea) . . . . . . 57. 714. 716
Central Sumatra 21 (note I). 113. 120.
124. 660. 672. 674. 676. 685. 699
Centres of diastrophism of the
Sunda Mountain System . . 725
Cephalopoda . . . . . . . . . 102
Ceram 50 . 72 (Mesozoic). 154 I Paleogene). 442 a.f. (geol.)
Cemm Laut (Banda arcs) . . . 465
Ceratubulinrina pacifica CUSHM A N & HARRIS
. . . . . 89. 161
Cerithiorr~ . . . . . . . . . . 126
Cerithiurrr songoensc MART
. . . 105
Cervrrs eldi . . . . . . . . . . 93
C e r v u . ~hippelaphrrs . . . . . . 92
Cervus (.4.~i.r) Iydekkeri . . . . 92
Cervus palueojuvanicu .s . . . . . 92
Cerv~rsproblematicris . . . . . 92
Cervus srehlini . . . . . . . . 92
Cervu.7 zwaani . . . . . . 92. 575
CHAPMAN. . . . . . . . . . 185
Chelleo-Acheulian hand-axes . . I I I
Chemical analyses igneous rocks
of Indonesia . . . . . . 214-215
Cheribonian . . . . . . . . . 82
CHHIBRER.
H . L . 54. 60. 177. 244.
364. note I . 707. 708. 709
Chief fossil Horizon (North Sumatra) . . . . . . 122. fig . 135
Cliilosromella oolina SCHWAGER
89
"China Giant" ( G i g o r ~ t o - p i t i ~ e c ~ Ir sI 1)
Chinese Districts (West Borneo) 332
CHINNERY.
E . W . P . . . . . . 717
CHITANI. . . . . . . . . . . 645
cf . Choerurnoi.ris (Suidac~) . . . 126
Choffafella . . . . . . . . . . 72
Choneres sp. . . . . . . . . . 62
Clionefes strophomenoide.s . . . 475

..
-

Christmas Island
59 (phys.), 187
(strat.), 23 I (ign . rocks). 720 (regional geol.)
Cibicides . . . . . . 90. 91. 163. 164
Cibicides w u e / / c r s r o r f i ( S ~ H ~ ~ G E161
R)
Cinder cones . . . . . . . . . 208
Circum-Australian Mountain
System 3. 16. 55. 59 (Christmas lsl.)
710 730
Circum-Sunda Archipelago . 3 1 a.T.
Circum-Sunda Mountain System 3.
16. 3 1. 368 a.f.
Clactonian stoneflakes . . . . . 1 1 1
Clarhrodict?~oncf . spatiosrir~r
BOEHNKE
. . . . . . . . . . 61
Clausrrlus p.i.gmaeus . . . . . . 85
C l ailithes
~
sp. . . . . . . . . 606
Clavus malingpingensis OOSTINGH
82,
646
CLAY.J . . . . . . . . . . . . 216
Clerrterrtia . . . . . . . . . . 8 I
Climate . . . . . . . . . . .
6
C ~ o o s .HANS2. 4. 21 1. 281. 336. 557
(note 2)
CLUSIUS
& DICKEL. . . . . . 282
C l y p ~ i t l a. . . . . . . . . . . 72
Coal (moisture content of) . 98. 101
"Coal-measures" (Philippines) 144.
146
Coccolitirinuc . . . . . . . . . 102
Coelocerus sp. . . . . . . . 71. 76
Coek~cerasmoermani K ~ u r.z . . 76
1 C o ~ l o d o n t av o KOENIGSWALD
~
94
COERT.J . . . . . . . . . . . 321
COLBERT.E . H . . . . . . . . 92. 93
COLLINGS.
H . D . . . . . . 363. 691
. . . . . . 92
C o l o s s o c i r e ~ ~atlas
s
COLIJN
. . . . . . . . 178. 592. 710
Composition volcanic products 21 2
Conca-type of Caldera . . . . 210
VON
. . . . . . 259. 284
CONRAD.
Continental volcanic facies (Paleogcne Wcst Borneo) 127. fig. 37
Conrrs .sorrdeiat~us MARTIN. 82. 646
Convection currents 260~-262(relation
to deep-focus shocks). 274 a.f. (relation to gravity anomalies)
COOL. HUGO. . . . . . . 222. 223
Copper-shale formation (see Maroro formation).
Corallinacerre . . . . . . . . . 101
Coralliophyllia . . . . . . . . 8 1
Coral-shoals (Philippines) . . . 39
Coral Stratigraphy of the Tertiary
and Quaternary . . . . . . . 95
Corbiculrr . . . . . . . . . . 575
Corbicula Beds . . . . . . . . 565
Corbulu . . . . . . . . . . . 126
Corbula sc~rrtiturtaBOETTG
. . . . 105
Corrlaites . . . . . . . . . . . 664
Cornuspira . . . . . . . . . . 443
COSIJN.J . . . . . . . . . 83. 581
COSTER . . . . . . . . . . 9. 1 1
Cox. L . . . . . . . . . . . . 721
Cranrari~rr.~i.~
. . . . . . . . . 82
Crater . . . . . . . . . . . . 210
Creep . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
CRESPIN. . . . . . . . . . . 185
Cretaceous 65 (Borneo). 66 (Celebes).
69 (Misool)
Cribas region (Timor) . . . . . 73
Cribrolir~oides crrrta (CUSHMAN)89
Crirroidea . . . . . . . . . . 102

CROOS. . . . . . . . . . . . 310
Crurarrila s i i b ( ~ ~ c k r r . c.~ .. . . . 66
Cryprornastorlon . . . . . . . . 92
Crystalline basement complex
(Lukulo, Central Java) . . . 603
Crystalline schists . . . . . 60. 710
Crystal-tuff Horizon (East Borneo) . . . . . . . . . . . . 135
Cu1tellrr.s . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Culrellus dilatatus MARTIN. . . 646
Cumulo volcanoes . . . . . . 208
Cunniirgtoniceras holkrerr E R N I . 76
CURRIE.
E . D . . . . . . . . . 721
CUSHMAN.
J . A . . . . . . . . 90
C~~athophj~llrrtrr
d o r r ~ ~ i l l eFRECH
i
. 62
C).clamr??ina . . . . . . . 164. 182
CJ1ClOC!,~p~~.F
C A R P E N T ~ 78.
E R 83. 84.
85. 86. 87. 88. 103. 112. 116. 118.
122. 143. 179. 180. 321. 384. 407.
467. 474. 494. 497. 554. 577 (note 1).
593. 605. 606. 619. 620. 621. 629.
639. 649. 650. 654
C.vclocl~vpeus TAN. . . . . . . 88
C ~ ~ c l o c l j ~ p e anri~ilatrrs
u.r
. . . 143. 39 1
C j ~ c l o c l y p e ~crrrpenteri
i.~
BRADY. 606.
654
Cycloclyprus cortrrnrmis M A R T I N
143.
391. 556
C j ~ c k ~ c l y p ~eidue
r i s T A N 87. 141. 554
(note I ) . 603. 628
C y c l o c ~ ~ p i ~guembeliatnis
rrs
BRADY1 16.
554 (note 2). 606. 654
Cycloc[iye~is indopaci$cu.r . . . 87
Cj~cloclypeusindopacificus var .
rerhaari . . . . . . . . . . 603
Cycloclypeus irrciopacificus vnr .
vandervlerki . . . . . . . . 603
Cjscloclypeusex . gr . inornatus T A N 163.
603
C.scloclypeus ( K a t a c ~ ~ c l c ~ c l ~ p e87.
us)
88
C v c l o c l ~ ~ p e u s(Katcrcycloclype~rs)
annularus MART
. 8 1 . 1 16. 407. 557.

572. 593. 598. 604. 620. 629. 637.


649
C v c l o c l y p ~ r / skoulhoveni 87. 103. 104
C ~ ~ c l o c l y p e uoppenoorthi
s
. 86. 87. 104
Cj.clocl~peusposteidae . . . . . 603
Cycloclypeus post-indopaci/icus
var . tenuitesra TAN. . . . . . 606
Cj~cloc~vperis
rericnlutus CAUDRI
606

654
Cyclolepidinu . . . . . . . . . 621
Cyclops Mts . . . . . . . . . 57
Cyclotellrr meneghiana . . . . . 692
Cylindrires . . . . . . . . 65. 341
Cyprinidae . . . . . . . . . . 114
C.vrena. . . . . . . . . . . . 126
C.vreriu (Barissaj borrreensis

(VERB.) . . . . . . . . 127. 130


C.vr-c~tra ( C a r h u l a ) pengaronensis

BOETTG
. . . . . . . . . 126. 127
. . . . . . . 62

C~~stiphyllrirrrsp .

. . . . . . . . . . 664
Dai (Banda arcs) . . . . . 474. 485
DALBURG
& PRATT. . . . . . 370
DALY.R . A . 96. 250. 272. 354. 355.
363. 701
Damar Beds (Java) . . . . 573. 606
Dadoxylotl

Damar (Banda arcs) . . . . . 471


Damhilah Islands (near Florcs) 495496
DAMMERAIAN.
K . W . 93. 11 1 (note 1)
Dana (Lesser Sunda Islands) . . 533
DANA.J . D . . . . . . . . . . 256
Danau Complex (Bantam) . . . 645
Danau Formation . 61. 62 63. 225
Daonella 69. 70. 71. 72. 304. 419. 474.
475.533
D A R W I N . . . . . . . . . 354. 424
DAVID.Sir T . W . ETHERIDGE
710. 730
DAVIES.A . M . . . . . . . . . 80
DAVIS.W . M . . . . . . . . . 437
DAY. A . L . . . . . . . . . . 215
Drcapod.~
. . . . . . . . . . . I05
Deep-focus earthquakes . . 259 a.f.
DENINGEK.
K.
72. 91. 443. 445. 453
Denitrgeria . . . . . . . . . . 446
Dentalinu . . . . . . . . . . 164
Denudation . . . . 9. fig . 9. 11-12
Devonian . . . . . . . . . . 61
D i a t o m s . . . . . . . . . 98. 692
DICKERSON.
R . E . . . 142. 143. 144
Dicoe1ite.r . . . . . . . . . . 382
Dictj.ocen~rs . . . . . . . . . 179
DIECKMANN.
W . . . . . . . . 148
D I E C K M A N&N JULIUS. . . . . 414
D I C N E R. . . . . . . . . . . 511
Dirng Volcanoes (Central Java) 214
DIEPERINK.
B . E . . . . . . . . 157
DIETRICH.W . 0. . . . . . . . 91
Diewewa Conglomerate . . . . 77
Differentiation (magmatic) . 232 a.f.
Differentiation (metamorphic) . 235
Diffusion (solid-) . . . 234.-236. 242
Diffusion (thermo-) . . . . . . 281
Digul-Fly Depression (New Guinea) . . . . . . . . . . 58. 7 15
Digul (Upper-) . . . . . . . . 184
Dimensions (see area) .
Diploastrae~r helioporrr (LAM.). 426
Disroasteridae . . . . . . . . 102
Discocj~clinrr 78. 83. 84. 85. 86. 87.
103. 104. 105. 106. 127. 128. 129.
131. 132. 133. 136 tab . 41. 143. 148.
149. 153. 154. 155. 156. 165 (note 2)
177. 178. 179. 185. 329. 335. 356
379. 384 (tab . 88). 390. 391. 397
408. 420. 427. 432 (tab . 101). 433.
444. 446. 449. 453. 466. 473. 509.
533. 567. 603. 604. 618
Discocyclina Beds (Nanggulan) . 105
Discocyclina dispan.ro Sow . 105. 106.
132. 148. 156 (tab . 48). 532
Discocyclina djo!ijaknrtar MART
. 104
Di.rcoc,~.clir~rr
.f i i t s c h i Douv . . . 105
D i ~ c o c , ~ . c l i njnvana
a
VERB
. 105 106.
142. 155. 156 (tab. 48). 371. 532
D i ~ c o c j ~ c l i nnroletrgraaffi
a
HFNR. 156
(tab . 48)
Discocyclina onrphrrlus (v.
FRITSCH). . . . . . . . 106. 1 30
Discocyclina un~plrrrlrrs( v .
FRITSCH)v.1~. sellifbr.tnis 86. 136.
fig . 40. tab . 41
Discoc.vclina pt~t~gcrronensisVERB
. 104
D i s c o c j ~ c l i n a? prcrtti MICH. 11 1. 156
(tab. 48)
D i s c u c j ~ c l i n asowerbjli NUTT. . . 106
Discocyclina umhilicata DEPH. . 177
Discocyclininae . . . . . . . . 105
Dircorbis bodjongensis LE ROY . 167

.
.

Distribution active volcanism . 219


Distribution of Atlantic suite fig . 74
on pl . 4
Distribution of earthquakes 258. fig.
78 o n pl . 8
Distribution of gr.lnitcs . . . fig . 73
Distribution of igneous cl:~ns in
Lesser Sunda Islands . . . . 494
Distribution of igneous rocks in
225 a.f., fig. 73.
time and space
74. 75
Distribution of edite err an can
suite . . . . . . fig . 75 on p1 . 7
Distribution of ophiolites fig. 74 on
pl . 4
fig. 75
Distribution of Pacific suite
on pl . 7
Djambi Basin (Sunxitra) . . . . 696
Djambi Nappe (Sumatra) . . . 664.
668-670
Djampangs (West Java) . . 28. 616
Djampang section (Southern Mts,
West Java) . . . . . . . . . 616
Djembangan Beds (Central Java) 610
Diembur Layers (Java) 552. fig. 263
-on pl . 32 .
Djetis fauna . . . . 92. 1 1 1. 622
Djiwo Hills (near Klaten. Java) 105.
554 555. 559
Djokjokartae Beds (Nanggulan) 105
DJOKOJUWONO
(Raden) . 344 (note I)
Djombang Beds . . . 97. 570. 582
Djonggrangan Beds . . . . 81. 597
Djulu Rajeuh Beds (North Sumatra) . . . . . . . . . . . 122
Doangdoangan Reefs (Strait of
Makassar) . . . . . . . . . 436
DOCTERS
V A N LEEUWEN.
W . M . 6. 11
DOEDERLEIN.
L . . . . . . . . . 721
DOEGLAS.D . J .
101 102 (note 2).
586
D o l i o l i ~ ~ a l c ~ p i d .r r . . . . . . . 475
DOLLFUS
. . . . . . . 78. 402. 426
Dolokapa Formation (North arm
Celebes) . . . . . . . . . . 390
Dome formation (Mernpi Volcano) . . . . . . . . . . . 197
Doole Beds (Buton) . . . . . . 419
DOORNINK.
H . W . V A N . . 103. 105
DOORNINCK.N . H. V A Y . . . 75
DORN. C . L . . . . . . . . 164. 168
D o r o t h i a . . . . . . . . 90 tab . 41
Dorsanur?r . . . . . . . . . . 80
Dosirlicr . . . . . . . . . . . 8 1
DOUVILLE.
H . 4. 83. 105. 142. 143.
155 164. 165. f73. 176. 391. 530
D O L I W EDEKKER
S
(MULTATULI)
2 52
Dowo Beds (Djiwo) . . . . . . 108
Dozy. J . J . fig . 22. 57 (note 1). 148.
149. 178. 184. 715
"Drie Gebroeders" (Wonin.
Manggur. Fadoh; Banda arcs) 465
D r i l l i a sultani . . . . . . . . . 105
D R O S T & B E C K E R .I N. G. . . . 689
DRUIF.J . H . 122. 214. 314. 660. 689.
690. 691. 694
Du~o1s.E
. 4.91.106.107.llO. 111
Dusors' collection at Leiden . . 94
Dlrboisia. mandible of . . . . . 566
Dlrboisia kroesenii . . . . . 92. 566
DUFOUR.J . . . . . . . . . . 119
Duizend Islands (Thousand Islands. near Batavia) . . . . . 323

Duration of orogenic cycles


(Banda System) . . . . . . . 483
DURHAM.
J . W . 24. 268. 678. 685. 686.
689
DUTERTE.E . . . . . . . . 142. 143
DUYFJES.
J . 93. 96. 97. 98. 298. 554
(note I and 2). 566. 570. 571. 573.
576. 577. 578. 579. 580. 581. 582.
584. 586. 588. 618. 621
D I J K V A N & VOGELZANG
. . . 9

EARLE.W . . . . . . . . . 17. 300


Early Man . . . . . . . 109a.f.
Earthquakes . . . . . . . 257 3.f.
East arm of Celebes 41. 66. 148-152.
389. 394 a.f.
East Asiatic lsland arcs (festoons) 16.
38 (note 1). 726
East Ceram . . . . . . . 449 ~1.f.
East Cordilleras (Zone of) . . . 37
Eastern spur of .lava . . . 3 1 . 546
East Java . . . . . . 554 a.f.. 589
EATON.J . E . . . . . . 678. 680 684
Eburna . . . . . . . . . . . . 169
Echinoderrriata . . . . . . . . 102
Echinoidc~rr . . . . 102. 105. 142. 721
ECOMAVEKSTEGE.
F . . . . 193. 507
EDELMAN.
C . H . . . . 13. 102. 586
E m . D . VAN
. . . . l l 8 ( n o t e 3)
EGELER.
C . G . 61. 389. 391. 393. 405
EHRAT.H . . . . . . . 494.497. 501
EINTHOVEN
. . . . . . . . . . 266
EKLUND.0 . . . . . . . . . . 675
ELBER.R .
163. 164 165. 169. 170.
171. 173
ELBERT.H . . . . . . . 494. 501. 504
E1epha.r . . . . . . . . . 92. 301

Elephrr.~nrrtnadicus (
Paleoloxo~ l o r ll?i.s11drindicus) 92. 93. 566.
Eleplrar j.4rrhidiskodon) plani./bans . . . . . . . . . . .
Elephas sumatrrrnrrs TEMM
. 93. 97
Elicano . . . . . . . . . . .
Elphidiunl . . . . . . . . . .

607
92

. 298

370
163
Emanations . . . . . . . . . 234
Embaluh Complex (Borneo) . . 128
~ of West
Embaluh Zone ( Z O I I A
Borneo) . . . . . . . . . . 329
Enggano . . . . . . . . . . . 163
Engkilili Graben (West Borneo) 329.
fig. 13 1
Eolrvigerina . . . . . . . . . . 77
Epitnachcrirodu.~. . . . . . . 92. 93
Epistotnin~r elegrrns (D'ORBIGNY)
89.
161
Eponides . 91. 163. 164. 168. 169. 181
Eponides rnar.garitifirrts (BRADY)161
Eponidcs prnecinctlrs (KARKFIC)
. 89.
161. 167
Eqrrrr.~ . . . . . . . . . . 93. 651
43. tab . 5
Era Depression . . .
ERDMAN
. . . . . . . . . . . I84
ERNI. A. . . . . . . . . . . . 77
ERNST.A . . . . . . . . . . .
6
Erosion (see denudalion) .
Eruption types (Merapi) . . . 199
Eruption rains . . . . . . . . 201
Erytnnoceras . . . . . . . . . 76
Es. L . J . C . V A N 93. 106. 155. 253. 303.
510. 51 1. 565. 594. 636

INDEX

ESCHER.B . G . 42. 193. 194. 199. 200.


201.210. 269.424. 623. 723
ESENWEIN.
P . 213. 220. 251. 319. 320.
334.416.417.494. 495
ESKOLA.P . . . . . . . . . 232. 234
Eulepidintr 85. 86. 87. 88. 104. 1 18.
122. 136. 137 tab . 41. 143. 144. 174.
178. 179. 180. 184. 185. 572. 604.
619. 620. 639
E~rleyidinadilutcrta . . . . 85. 122
Eiilrpidinu cf . fbrmostr SCHLUMBERGER
. . . . . . . . . . 628
Eulc~pidinupuyuaen.sis . . . . . 85
Eillepidintr sp . 120. 122. 163. 356. 509.
629
Eurameric flor.1 . . . . . . . . 62
Eustacy . . . . . . . . . . . 96
Euthriu jorjnrartrnsi.s . . . . . 105
EVANS& CROMPTON270. 271. 272.
273. 281. 282. 295. 589. 637
6
EVERDINGEN.
E . VAN . . . . .
EVERWIJN.
R . . . . . . . . . 314
Exelissu . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Exhalations (volcanic) . . . . . 215
Explosivity index of volcanism 191.
194
Extinction of volcanism in inner
arc Lesser Sunda Islands 498 -500
542
Extinct-volcanic inner arcs (scc
also volcanic cycles)
488-490.
49 8-500

Facies 73 (Timor Mesoz.), 78. 79


(Tertiary). 123 (Ter-t. Atjeh) . I37
(Paleogene West Borneo). 133.. 131
(Neogene East Borneo). 142 (h\1
Borneo). 154 (Paleogenc Ceram).
174.. 175 (Islands W of Sumatra).
179 a.f. (Vogelkop New Guinea).
570 (Putjangan). 571-575 (West
Kendeng)
Facies analysis Palembang Basin 1 I9
FAIRBRIDGE.
R . W . . . 287. 721. 730
Fusriolites 84. 85. 86. 137. 155. 165
(note 2). 426.427. 509 (tab . 109). 714
Ft~sriolitesn~irhnwrnniRUTTEN85. 148
Fntjet limestones . . . . . . . 69
Fatu . . . . . . . . 74 (note 4). 76
Fatu Complex
73. 74. 515. 520. 522
Fauna (recent) . . . . . . . . 4 5
FAUSTINO.
L . A . 34. 39. 142. 143. 145
FAUSTINO
& ALVIR . . . . . . 370
F A V ~ J.EDR
E . . . . . . . . . 503
Fuvosites rrtiruluti~s (DE BLV.) 62
Fuvositrs sp . GERTH I927 . . . 62
FEHN. H . . . . . . . . . . 19. 20
FELICIANO.
J . M . . 142. 143. 147. 21 6
FELICIANO
& C K U Z. . . . . . 9
Felis . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
Frlis rubiginosa . . . . . . . . 93
FELIX.J . . . 161(note1).511. 574
Fenestrllu . . . . . . . . . . 76
Fennema Mts (Central Celebes) 41 1.
440
FENNEMA.
R . . . . . . . . 268. 701
F ~ N N E RC.. N . . . . . . . 194. 202
F~.RGUSON.
H . G . . . . . . . . 370
F ~ R S M A NA
N.. . . . . . . . . 234
Fertility of the soil . . . . . . 10

FEUILLETAU
DE BRUYN.
W . K . H . 56.
61. 62. 710
Finisterre Range . . . . . . . 71 6
FISCHER.P . J . . . 89. 444. 449. 661
FISHER.N . H . 178. 185. 188.710. 716
Fishes (fossil) . . . . . 102. 1 13. 114
Fish shales 113 (Padang Highlands)
Flora (recent) . . . . . . . . 5
Flores (Lesser Sunda Isl.) 52. 239.
494-49 6
Flores Sea . . . . . . . 43. 5 1. 729
FLORIS.J . . . . . . . . . . . 699
Flosculi~~cl 83. 84. 86. 132. 136. 137.
fig . 41a. 148. 153. 604
Flu.srillinc~llu . . 84. 86. 87. 137. 180
Nosri~lincllu hontangrnsis (RUTTEN) 84,86,90,137,fig.41a,tab.
41. 141. 154. 180
Nosrulinellu hontar~gmsis (RUTTEN)-glubulosu(RUTTEN). 141. 180
Flo.srillirrellu glohulostl (RUTTEN)86.
136. 137. fig . 41a. 603. 629
Flowage folding o n Sumba . . 509
Fogi Beds (Buru) . . . . . . . 453
Forurnin$era . . . . . 105. 133. 166
Foratninifertt (smaller) . 88. 174. 639
Foraminiferal marine facies (Paleogene West and Central Borneo) . . . . . . . 128. fig . 38
Foraminiferal stratigraphy of the
Tertiary . . . . . . . . . . 83
Foredeep Banda arcs
50. 463.467.
469.476. 479. 482
1. oredeep of the Lesser Sunda
Islands . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Foredeep of Timor orogene . . 542
Forcsts . . . . . . . . 6. fig . 8. I 1
Fossa Sarasina (Central Celebes) 43.
tab . 5 407 41 1. 440
1-ossil flora . . . . . . 62. 102. 113
Fossil Hominids of Java . . . IOU
Fossil woods . . . . . . . . . I03
F O U R M ~ ~ KPI.F R. .287. 669. 687. 723
F O U R ~. ~. T. . . . . . . . . 233
Fox . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1 1
Fracture pattern and sea straits
(Lesser Sunda Islands)
486. 491.
492 497 498. 502. 505. 506
Frur7kei11cl . . . . . . . 90. tab . 41
FRECH.F . . . . . . . . . . . 661
F R E N C H. . . . . . . . . . . 185
F R E U S B ~ RAG. .F . W . 101 (note I )
FRIJLIKCK. . . . . . . . . . 135
FKIJLINC.H . . . . 113. 689. 690. 691
FROMAGET.
G.
294 (note 1). 362
(note 2) 726
Fufa Beds (Ceram) . . 444. 447. 449
Fusulina . . . . . . . 663. 664. 665
Firsillinu cC ulpinu . . . . 664. 666
Fusulinirlur . . . . . . . 62. 64. 327
FYAN. E . C . . . . . . . . . . I01

Cr

Gadjah Volcano . . . . . . . 596


Gagak-Kiaraberes-Eniiut-Sal~~k
complex . . . . . . . . . . 637
Gajo lands ( F o r t h Sumatra)
117.
114
Gamping anticline (Java) . . . 568
Camping Hill (East Java) . . . 105
Gamping Layers (Djiwo. Java) . 108

Garba Mts (South Sumatra) . . 681


Garut. Upland plain of (West
Java) . . . . . . . . . 644-645
Gas pressure (types volc . activity) 204
Gastropods . . . . . . . . . . 128
GAUSS. . . . . . . . . . . . 296
Gea~lticlillaluplift (by endogenic
magmatic forces) . . . . . . 210
Gedeh-Pangrango complex (West
Java) . . . . . . . . . . . 637
Gedongsurian cauldron (South
. . . . . . 680. 681
Sumatra)
G E E . E . R. . . . . . . . . . . 707
Geelvink Bay (New Guinea) . . 713
GEIKIE.A . . . . . . . . . . . 93
GEILMANN.
W . . . . . . . . . 215
Gemolong dome (Java) . . . . 568
Genetical classification volca~lic
forms . . . . . 207 a.f.. tab . 66
Genteng dacite . . . . . . 624. 626
GENTILLY.J . . . . . . . . . . 201
Geo-undations 263-265 (relation to
deep shocks). 283. 290. 295. 336
(term.), 463 and 483 (Southern h4oluccas)
GERMERAAD.
J . H.
61. 72. 78. 89.
154. 304. 305. 3 10. 442--448. 449.
450.456. 46 1. 52 1
GERTH.H . 62. 79. 95. 102. 105. 106.
419.427. 45 1. 5 1 1. 620. 664
Gesi (Java) . . . . . . . . . . 568
GEURSEN.G . J . . . . . . . . . 318
GIEZEN.J . A . H . . . . . . 163. 170
Gigantism (Early Man) . . . . 1 1 1
Gigantopitherus hlurki v . K . . . 1 1 1
GISOLF.W . F . 308. 416. 437. 710. 711
Glacial chronology 96. 579. 582. 583
Glacially controlled subsidence
theory (KUENEN). . . . 354-355
GLAESSNEH.
M. F.
60. 89. 90. 710
GLENNIE.
E . A . . . . . 54 (note I)
Globigerinu 71. 77. 78. 114. 131. tab .
41. 163. 179. 180. 181. 390. 391.416.
443. 446. 458 466. 467 474 475 .

Glohigerinrr c~ryuiluter~ulisBRADY414
Glohi:~rrit~rr11ulloirko.s D'ORB. 12 1. 4 14
Glohigerir~uc r e t u c ~ uD'ORB. 78. 185.
390.414. 4 19.446.449. 453
Globi,q~r.inueocona GUEMBEL78. 89.
154.416
Glohigel.i~iolir~nc.a~za
. . . . . . 390
Globigerina-marl Zone (North
coast West New Guinea) . . 178
G'iobigerit~uspec . . . . . . . . 89
G I u h i g ~ r i t tripurtitu
i~
KOCH 157. 166.
168. 169. 509 (tab . 106)
Globigerinidu~ 65. 70. 155. 159. 161.
379. 383. 444. 449. 486. 487. 532
G1ohigrri11oitle.s . . . . . . . . 90
Glohig~rinoides~ ~ ~ ~ U ( D ' O R B 161.
IGNY)
167
Glohigerinoides scc.rul~~erus
(BRADY). . . . . . . . 149. 161
Glohigerinoides sacculifrrus
(BRADY)var . fistulosus (SCHUBERT) . . . . . . . . . . . 89
Glohigrrinoides s a r r u l ~ i ~ r i w
(BRADY)var . itnmatura LE ROY 161
Globobulimina . . . . . . . . 182

INDEX

90. tab . 41. 179. 180.


181. 182. 416.443. 491
Globorotalia aragonerz.sis . . 78 . 449

Globorotalia

--

. . .

GUTENBERG.
B. . . 260. 263 284. 288
GUTENBERG.
B . & R I C H T FC
R. F . 258.

677. 700.701. 72 1

259.262. 263. 284

Globororalia ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ( D ' O R B IGypsina


G N Y )glohulus . . . . . 179. 180
89. 149. 151. 161. 163. 167. 390. 449
Cj.roidina . . . . . . . . . . 164
Globorofalirr nlicheliniana (D'ORGj'roidina .solrlanii (D'ORB.) . . . 157
BIGNY). . . . . . . . . . . 161
Globorotalia rumida (BRADY)149. 15 1.
163. 167. 390

Globorofalia vrlascoeruis (aragonensis) . . . . . . . . . 446. 440


Globorrurlcana 64 66 68 . 69. 70 71

. .

. .

443; 446,.449, 537

HAAN.J . H . ~t . . . . . . . I I
HAAN.W . DE 1 13. 120. 124. 660. 665

672. 674. 675. 686


HAANSTRA
& SPIKFR. . 586 (note 2)
H A A .RC . T E R 80 . 1 I 1. 576 . 577 . 604 .

Glubofruncana canaliculrtu ( R ~ u s s )
378. 382. 384 (tab. 88) 414 419.

. .

45 3

Globofruncana litltlci (D'ORB.). . 7 I


Globo/rrirlcana r.osrfru (CARSEY). 67
Globorr~rncana stuarti (LAPP.) . 71
Glomospira . . . . . . . . 90. 665
Glossopferis flora . . . . . 62. 721
Godean. hills of (Central Java) . 596
Goesrlla . . . . . . . . . . . 163
GOLLNER.
E . R . D. . . 130 339. 340
G o r l i o r l ~ ) ~. ~. . . . . . . . . 475
Goniophora sp. . . . . . . . . 62
GOODSPEED
& COOMBS . . . . 236
Gorong or Goram (Banda arcs) 465
Gorontalo
40 (sect . of North arm
Celebes). 41 (Gulf). 390. 393 (evolution North arm)
Goropu Volcano (Eastern Papua) 214
GOTHAN.W . . . . . . . . . .
6
GOUWENTAK.
C . J . . . . . . . 178
Grammoceras . . . . . . . . . 382
GRANDIEAN.
J . B . . . . . . . . 193
Granite problem . . . . . 232 3.f.
Granite batholiths in the East
Indies (examples) . . . . 236 a.f.
Granitic root 245 (position beneath
o ~ h i o l i t i c front). 273 a.f .. 282 a.f.
(isthenolith)
Granitization 233 a.f., 309-3 10. 3 13314. 489-490 (late Tertiary)
Grati Lake or Maar (East Java) 210
Gravity anomalies . See Isostatic
gravity anomalies.
Gravity measurements at sea . 269
Gravity measurements on land 269-

"

27 1

G R A Y& DE VERNEUIL. . . . . 717


GREGORY.
J . . . . . . . . 185. 721
Grensklei (see Border Clay) .
GRIGGS.R . F . . . . . . . . . 257
GROND.G . .r. A . . . 287 (note 1)
GROOT.P . F. DE . 178. 184. 308. 715
GROUT.F . F . . . . . . . . . 232
GSOLLPOLNTNER.
K . . . . . . . 504
Guadalupe tuffs (Philippines) 146. 147
Guembelina 71. 77. 78. 154. 185. 443.
446. 449

Guenlbelina gloD1110sa (EHRENBERG) . . . . . . . . . 67. 185


Gumai Beds (see Telisa Beds) .
G u n ~ a Mts
i
(South Sumatra) 667. 685.
698

Gunung Api (North of Wetar) 470-471


Gunung Gede (Bantam. West
Java) . . . . . . . . . . . 656
Gunung Sewu (South Java) 554. 557
Gunung Wunkal (Java) . . . . 108

584. 591. '594. 602 706

HAGEN
. . . . . . . . . . . . 639
Hahl Range . . . . . . . . . 716
Halang Beds (Central Java) . . 605
HALL . . . . . . . . . . . . 256
Hallvsitrs wallicI~iREED. . . . 61
Halmaheira . . . . . . . . . 47
Fialmaheira Group 47. 153. 382-384
Halmaheira-Ternate volcanoes . 221
Hulobia . . . . 69 71. 419. 530>660
Halohia sp.
63. 327. 475. 530. 531.

533

Halobia clcr1ingrr.i KRLIMBECK


446. 449
Halobia lc ~r.alrrc~iraVOLTZ . . . 446
Halohia sp . nov . KRUMBECK. . 446
Halorella . . . . . . . . 72. 446
Hcrloritcs ex gr . Cater~ati. . . . 419
fhlorella rrcfifiorl.~K R U M B . non
BITTN. . . . . . . . . . . . 456
HAMLET,BEATA
. . . . . . . . 31 1
Hanrrrra/oc~rmsp. . . . . 71. 382
HANIEL.G . . . . . . . . 475. 5 1 1
HANNIK. . . . . . . . . . . 32 1
Harltkrninu . 78 89. 90 tab . 41. 154
Hantkrnina nlciban:cr~.si.s CUSHM A N . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
HANZAWA.
S. . . . . . . . . 143
Huplophr~~grtroi~l~~s
. . . 90. I 6 4 182
Haploplrrugtrroidrs gi.~anrrlls
BOC)MGAART
. . . . . . . . 89
HARDENBERG.
J . D . F. . . . . 14
HARKER.A . . . . . . . . . . 281
H A R L O F F , C H . E . A .12.61. 104. 133.

230. 594. 595. 602. 603. 604. 65 1

HARLOFF
& P A N N E K O E.K . 562. 595
Harpoc.eras . . . . . . . . 7 1. 382
Harpoceras cf . toarcerlsc D'ORB. 66. 67
HARTING.
A . 104. 119 132. 355. 639.

660. 674

.
.

HARTMANN
E . . . . . . . 514. 518
HARTMANY
M . A . 192. 197 199. 201.
213.215.487.491-493.

.
.

637
HARTOG.
L . E . W . D E N I 6 2 163. 165.
166. 167. 172. 173 176. 177. 231
Haruku (Ambon Group) . . . 457
HAUG.E . . . . . . . . . 93. 264
HAUG~U
P . G . . . . . . . . . 510
HAYASAK.!
& KAZUHIKO
. . . . 157
HAYES.R . C . . . . . . . . . 258
HEBERLEIN
. . . . . . . . . . 107
HEDBERG.
H . D . . . . . . . . 90
HEEK.J . V A N . . . . . . . . . 504
HEEKEREN.
V A Y . . . . 91. 301.435
HEER
. 0. . . . . . . . . . . 113
HEERING.
J. 240. 458. 485. 486 487.
488. 489

HEIM.ALB. . . . . . . 193 (note I )


HEIM.A R N. 1 l I. 113. 441. 466. 663.

HEISE.G . W . . . . . . . . . . 216
HEISKANEN.
W . . . . . . . . . 270
HELBIG.K . . .
686. 688. 690 691.

692. 694

HELDRING
. . . . . . . . . . 715
H~liolit/rrsbarrandri PEN. . . . 62
Hrliolitcs p o r o s ~ ~GOLDFUSS
s
. . 61
HENNY.G . . . . . . . . . 154. 451
HENRICI.I1 . . . . . . . . 155. 157
H E K M&
~ SDL VLETTER. 304. 308.309.
3 10

HERTZ . . . . . . . 272 (note I )


HESS H . H . . . . . . . . 245. 723
Hrtc.rosfexiiia
78. 84. 85. 87. 143.

179. 180. 184 391

ffetc~ro.s/rgi/iuhornei;trsi.s ( - spirocl!yoid HET. of RUTTEN). 85. 87


HETTINGA
TROMP.H . V A N 222 223.

299

HETZEL.W . H . 42. 61. 65. 67. 68. 78.


80. 389. 402. 414.418.419. 420. 421.
422,423,424.437, 647. 65 1.654. 655
HEURN F . C . V A N . . . . 13 702

H e x u p s c ~ p h ~ ~g s~ ~ ~ i ~ t l SM
l c r. i
WOODW
. . . . . . . . . . . 114
Hiholirrs .si~l?firsiforrn
is RASP. . . 71
Hili M a n ~ idistrict (Port Tinlor) 522523

Himalayan Mountain Systems . 726


I-lirnalaynn Range . . . . . . . 727
H I N D LG
. . J . . . . 303.414. 510. 530
Hirrd.~icr r : u ! i ~ ~ o c ~ l u t ~ ~.~ r.~ ..r i .c . 105
Hippo~porarri~rs . . . . . . . . 94
Hippopoturrrus anric11111s . . . . 92
Hippopo/arrlr~s koc~nigswaldi . 92. 94
Hippopo/nrrrl~ssimplex v . K . . 92. 94
Hippoporumrr.~ sivajar.anicrr.s (DuB O I S ) . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
IHIRSCHI. H . . 75. 112. 113. 521. 530
Hitu (Ambon) . . . . . . . . 458
H~BB
. SW . H . . . . . . . . . 290
HOBDAY1 . R . & M ~ L L E F
T . R . 707.
709
Hoch Barisan of Tobler (Sumatra) . . . . . . . . . . . 668
HOCHSTETTER.
F. VC)N . . . 707. 709
HOEN.'.r C . W . A . P . 122. 155. 321.
586 701. 702
HOEN.'T & V A N ES . . . . 510. 513
HOEN.'T & Z I E G L F66.
R 147. 426. 432.
433. 435
Hoertrr.sin . . . . . . . . 65. 407
HOFKER. . . . . . . . . . . 137
HOJNES . . . . . . . . . . . 389
HOLLAND. . . . . . . . . . 133
HOLMES.A . . . . . . 232 235. 482
~ H O L M E S & HARWOOD. 235. 250. 252
Homogenization of mineral associ;tions . . . . . . . . . 313
H o r w niodjokr?tc;~si.~v . KOEN. 08.
99. 107. 58 1
Homo neandertlraler~.sis .solornsis
OPP. . . . . . . . . 98. 566. 576
Homo sapic~ns . . . . . . 1 10. 111
Horrlo so1oen.r;~ OPPENOORTH
. 92.
99. 111
Horr~o wadjakor.si.c. . . . . . . 99
Hondje hills (West Java) . . . 633
Hoofd fossiel horizont (see Chief
fossil Horizon) .

. .

HOOIJER.D . A . 4 . 91. 92. 94. 110 11 l


301. 435. 650. 702
Hoozk . . . . . . . . . 101. 344
fiop1itc.s . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Hup1itc.s i ll;c~oco~nites)neoro177ic.trsis D'ORD
. . . . . . . . 64
H ( I ; J / ~ ~wullic~~i
L~s
. . . . . . . 382
HOPPER.R . H . 66. 78. 148. 149. 150.
151. 152. 159. 160. 161. 162. 163.
165. 168. 169. 170. 172. 173. 176.
177. 389. 394. 395. 398. 399. 300.
51 I . 705
HORSTINK.J . TH. . . . . . . . 503
HOTTINGER
. . . . . . . . . . 183
HOTZ. W . . . . . . . 67. 154. 394
HOVIG.P . . . . . . . . . 426. 717
HOVIG
& RUTTEN. . . . . . . 406
HOWELWILLIAMS 197. 211 (notz I )
H U B E R& BURRI. . . . 707. 708. 709
HUHNERWADEL.
M . E . 501. 507. 510
HUMMEL
. K . . . . . . . . 443. 451
HUTTON. . . . . . . . . . . 233
Hyaetzn . . . . . . . . . . . 92
Hydronzedrr.rue . . . . . . .
446
Hydrothermal solutions . . 217. 218
Hj.clrozocr . . . . . . . . . . 446
Hypo-differentiation . 241. 281 a.f.
H~..stri.v . . . . . . . . . . . 93

Interdeep Lesser Sunda Islands 52


506 2.f.
Inte:.deep in the Kicobars &
Andumans section . . . . . 54
Interdeep of Timor Orogene . . 542
"Intermediary Neogene" (South
Sxmatra) . . . . 116 121. 175. 176
Intervening sandstone Horizon
(North Sumatra) . . 122. fig . 35
Intra-miocene igneous activity 119.
124
IONGH.A . C . DE 14 103; 108. 215.
606
Isolepidina . . . . . . . . . . 85
Isolrpidina boetonetzsis v . D .
VLERK. . . . . . . . . . . 420
I s o / ~ / J ; ~iso1epidinoicle.s
~~LI
. . . . 1 70
Isostatic gravity anomalies 3. 269 a.f.,
385. 465 ("short-circuit CeramMoluccan Sea). 365-466 and 483
("short-circuit" eastern Banda arcs).
484 (profile Banda arcs) 577 (liendeng!. 588-589 (Rembang). 636
( S t r a ~ tSunda)
Isthmus of Malaya . . . . . . 364
ITERSON.
F . K . TH. V A N 287 (note I )

ICKE.H . . . . . . . . . . . . 164
IDDINGS. J . P . . . . . . . 370. 435
IDDINGS
& MORLEY. . . . . . 426
Idio-geosynclines . . . . . 79. 350
ldjen complex (East Java) . . . 537
ldjen Volcano (East Java) . . . 216
Idjo Volcano . . . . . . . . . 596
Igninlbrites . . . . . . . . 194. 202
I.jang complex (East Java) .
. 549
Ijolites (in Cernm) . . . . 145. 447
( I l i ) Bolcng Volcano (Adonara.
Lesser Sunda Isl.) . . . 493. 494
Islands West of Sumatra 162 (strat.),
230 (ign . rocks)
Indian Archipelago (name) . . .
1
Indo-australian Archipelago
(name) . . . . . . . . . . .
1
Indonesia (name) . . . . . . .
I
Indosinidzs (FROMAGLT)
362 (note 2).
725
Ind(e)ragiri and Pelalaaan (Sumatra) . . . . . . . . . . . 120
Inner ; ~ r c Banda System (see
Ambon Undation) .
Inner arc Borneo System . 359. 360
Inner arc Java-Sarnatra section 53
Inner arc Lesser Sunda Islands 52.
485 a.f. (geol.)
Inner arc Malaya Orogene . . . 363
Inner arc Nicobars & Andanlans
section . . . . . . . . . . . 54
tnner arc Banda System 463. 464.469.
470. 47 1.478. 484
Itlaccratrrus 71. 76. 77. 382. 453 . 473.
508 (note 1). 509 (tab . 109) 517
Itroc~~ram~r.~
galoi BOEHM. . . 71
Insulinde (name) . . . . . . 2
Interchanging geanticlines . 478. 479
Interdeep Banda arcs 463. 465. 469.
472.478. 484
Interdeep of the Java-Sumatra
section . . . . . . . . . 53. 634

JAGGART . A . . . 199. 21 1 (note 2)


JAKENSCFI. . . . . . . . . . 91
JANSEN.P . J . . . . . . . . . . 171
Java (evolution in relation to
Sunda Mountain System) . . 658
Java and Madura 25 a.f. (phys.), 103
a.f. (Tertiary). 230 (ign . rockz). 545
2.f. (regional geology)
J a w section (of Sunda Mountain
System) . . . . . . . . . 728
w J .I\
. . i c;i .ant" fMeguntltroprist . 109
Java Scx . . . . . . . . . . . 300
J.\N.ORSKI.E . . . . 69. 455 456 . 460
JEFFIEYS
. . . . . . . . . . . 284
JENNINGS
A.. V . . . . . . . . I33
Jonnt7i.tsi~lla i Dipladontcrl . . . 81
JONES . . . . . . . . . . . . 297
Joric;. W . J . . .
. . 184. 715
JON(;. .J . D . DE
163. 239, 240, 444,
445,458,485. 486, 494
JOKGMANS.
W . J . . . . . 4,62. 721
JONGMANS
& GOTHAN
. . 5. 660. 664
JONKER,H . J . W . . . . . 510. 511
J u ~ o v r c s .L . . . . 389, 393 (note I )
J U L I U .S . . . . . . . . . . . 148
J L J N C ~ H UFH. N91,
. 196, 201. 503. 545
Jurassic 64 (Borneo), 66 (Celebes),
60 (Misoiil). 70 (Ceram)
J ~ ~ ( 7 v i t ec~ruttlrnsi.~
s
WANNER. 4 19

Kaal Formation (Philippines) . 133.


146. 372
Kabaena (Buton Arch.) . . . . 419
Kabuh Beds (Java) 93. 96. 566. 575.
576. 577. 578. 58 1
Kai or Kei Islands (Banda arcs) 50.
154 466
Kaimeer (Banda arcs) . . . . . 465
Kajan ( N E Borneo) . . . . . . 132
Kaju Adi (Flores Sea) . . . . 437
Kaksa (tin-ore) . . . . . . . . 12
Kalao (Flores Sea) . . . . . . 437

Kalatoa (Flores Sea) . . . . . 438


Kalea Beds (West of Sun1::tr::) 163.
170. 174. 175
Kaledonic folding . . . . . . . 724
Kalibiuk Beds (Java) . 573. 606. 654
Kaliglagah fauna (West Javs)
92
Kaliglagah-Mcngger-Gintung
Series (Java) . . . . . . 606. 607
Kaliwangu Beds (West Java) 650. 65 1
I<alorun Basin (Java) . 572 (note I )
Kambaoni Series (Sumba) . . . 50s
Kambing or Atauro (Lesser
Sunda Islands) . . . . . 52. 387
Knnlpar. Siak. Rokan are;( (Sumatra) . . . . . . . . . . . 122
Kampung Baru Beds (East Borneo) . . . . 135. 138. 139. 140. 141
Kananggir Formation (Sumba) 157.
159 (note 3). tab . I06 o n p . 509
Kangean . . . . . . . . . . . 108
KANNEGIETFK.
J . Z . . . . 164. 168
Kant.iana Volcano (West Java) 622.
638
Kapal batavrrs M ZRT. . . . . . 102
Kapuas River . . . . . . . . 20
Kapung limestone (Java) . . . 573
Karangbolong Mts (Central
Java) . . . . . . . . . . . 504
Karangnunggal area (West Java) 28.
203
.
..
Karangltobar area (Ccnlral Java) 25 1
(ign. rocks), 610
Karangnunggal region (West
Java) . . . . . . . . . 621, 625
Karbouwengat (Centr:il Sumatra) 686
Karimata Islands ( J ~ v : ISea) 17 319
Karimata Zone (Sunda Land) . 364
Karimon (Riouw-Lingga Arch.) 306
Karimundiawa Islands . . 17, 3 1, 321
Karimundiawa Zone (Sunda
Land) . . . . . . . . . . . 364
K a r ~ n gBeds (Djaznbi Nappe. Sumatra) . . . . . . . . . . . 664
Karrzrizlltr . . . . . . . . . . 163
K a r t i n ; ~limestones (Buru) . .
453
Karua Massif (Celebes) . . . 430
Kasiui or Kasiwui (Banda arcs) 465
Katac?'cloc(~~~eus
T A N 88 1 18 (note 4 ).
554. 648
Katmaian eruptions . . 202 . 428. 430
Kawi Volcano (.lava) . . . . . 570
Kebo Beds (Java) . . . . . . . 559
Kedungbrubus (locality) . . . . 110
Kefamenanu region (Timor) . . 73
Kekneno Series ('Timor) 73. 512. 5 14.
520. 522
Kel(l)ang (Ceram Group) . . . 444
Kelud Volcano (Java) 189. 192. 196.
206. 222 (tunnelworks). 570
Kemba.jan Mts (West Borneo) . 331
K L ~ \ . I ~ I E R LG
I N. G
L. L.
155. 159.
196. 222. 223. 265. 377. 494 . 495.
505. 506 . 507. 508
Kendari Mesozoic (SE Celebes) 417.
4 19
Kendeng Volcano (West Java) . 622
liendeng Zone (or Ridge) (Java) 29.
96. 491. 569. 570. 571. 577. 579. 582
lierek Beds (Java) . . . 572. 573. 577
Kerijan urea (West Borneo) . . 127
Keskain Beds . . . . . . . . 69
KESSEL.V A N . . . . . . . . . 471
KESSEL.P . J . B. . . 15 48 (note 2)

Ketapang area (West Borneo) . 334


Ketungau Basin (West Borneo) 330
~ e t u u g a ufacies (Plleogenc West
Borneo) . . . . 127. fig. 37. 330
Keutupang Bcds (North ~ t ~ m a t r a122
)
KEYZERF . G . . . 62.321.419. 421
K I ~ N O. M. . . . . . . . . 276 277
KIESL.INCEI<
. . . . . . . . . . 5 11
Kikim tuifs (Gumai. Sumatra) 117.
121
Kimmeric folding . . . . . . . 724
KIMPE.\N . F . M . . . . . . . . 215
Kinabalu (or Kinibalu) 18. 19. 356.
371
K I N G M AJ.. TI*. . . . . . 101 591
K I ~ S E RJ .. S. . . . . . . . . . 157
Klhssn & D ~ E P E R .~ N. K
159. 507 509
Kintan~nni(Batur. Bali) . . . . 506
KISSLINC..
E . A . . 163 (note I ) . 170
Kisar (North of N E tip of Timorj 472.
485
Kisu (Lesser Sunda Isl.) . . 487. 488
Kitchcn-middens ( N E Sumatra) 702
Klappa Kampit (Billiton) 31 8. fig . 123
Klasnfet (W New Guinea) . 179. 180
Klasaman (W N c u Ciuinea) 101. 179.
181
KLEIN.W . C . 56. 57. 689. 690. 691.
692. 693
Klias Pcninsulu (NW Borneo! . . 133
KLLINPEI.LR . h.I . . . . . . . 90
KLINKERT
J. P. . . . . . . .
9
Klitik Limestones (Java) . . . . 573
Klondyke Series (Philippines)
145.
146
KNOPF.A. . . . . . . . . . . 256
KOBAYASHI.
7'. . . . . . . . . 294
KOBER.L . . . . . . . . . 290. 723
KOCH. R . E . . . 88. 89. 163. 170. 171
KOENIGSWALD.
G . H . R . VON 4 65.
67. 91. 98. 106 (note I ) . 107. 108.
llO l l l . 144(note I) . 301. 341. 363.
557. 565. 566 567. 578. 581. 594.
607. 639. 640. 643. 650. 651. 652
KOHLEK.A . . . . . . . . . . 247
KOKER
. . . . . . . . . . . . 51 1
Kolaka-Kendari boundary line
(SE Cclebes) . . . . 417. 418. 440
Koleberes (West Java) . . . . . 623
Kolo Kolo (East arm dclebes) fig . 164.
397 398
~ o l o n e d a l eZone 43. tab . 5. 403. 406.
412
Komodo (Lesser Sunda Islands) 496.
497
KONING.L . P . Ci . . . . . . . 260
KONINCKNIJFF.J . DE . . . 78. 426
KOOLHOVEN.
Mi . C . B. 60. 64. 65 66.
67 68. 104. 105. 106. 148. 149
(notes). 150. 151. 152. I53 (note 1).
226. 340. 341-345. 347. 349. 389.
394. 398. 400. 408. 414. 415: 417.
41 9. 595 . 598. 628. 639. 645
KOOMANS.
CATH. . . . 383. 457. 471
KOOTEN.V A N . . . . . . . . .
9
KOPEKBERG.
M.
66. 80. 161. 220.
389-393. 398. 41 1. 51 1
KOSSMAT.
F. 243. 244. 245. 254 . 290.
45 1
Kossnratica . . . . . . . . . . 3 82
KRAEFF.P. . . . . . . . . 457. 503
Krakatau Volcano 194. 200. 204. 21 1.
213

.
.

LASLITA . F . 21 6 (note 2). 217 (note I)


Late Intrusive Andesites (Philippines) . . . . . . . . . . . 147
Latimodjong hlts (Celebes) 426. 427.
430. 431. 440
Lava domes . . . . . . . . . 197
Lava flows . . . . . . . . . . 196
Lav:~ shields . . . . . . . . . 208
Lawuk Beds (Centruul Java) . . 605
Lawele Graben (Buton) . . . . 422
Lawu Complex (Java) 565. 567. 568.
577
LEAHY.M . . . . . . . . . . . 717
LECRIE
. . . . . . . . . . . . 215
Ledok stage (Renibnng. East
Java) . . . . . . . . . . . 586
LEHMANH
N . 25 . 30. 96. 97. 98. 245.
555 . 557. 558 . 576.. 577 . 579.. 585..
587: 588; 702'
LEITCI.A . 144. 145, 147. 217. 218.
368 373
Leitimor (Ambon) . . . . . . 456
LEJAY.R . 1'. . . . . . . . . 270
Z.rruent . . . . . . . . . . . 233
Lengkong Beds (West Java) . . 620
L(~trticrl1iricr~'c'luscornsis . . 78, 449
Lepitloc~~~clinn
81. 83. 84. 85. 86. 87.
90. 97. 104. 112. 116. 118. 122. 123.
129. 131. 133. 134. 136. 137. tab . 41.
140. 141. 142. 143. 148. 149. 151.
154. 155 163. 164. 166. 170. 173.
174. 175. 176. 177 179. 180. 184.
185 186. 321. 327. 330 356. 379.
380. 384 (tab . 88). 393. 415. 419.
420. 429. 432. 433. 437. 446. 449.
453. 460. 461. 466 467. 468. 474.
475. 489. 490. 497. 498. 501. 504.
509 (tab . 106). 532. 5 34. 535 (tab.
107) 539. 547. 554. 567. 572. 573
577 (note l ) . 586 . 593. 603 . 604. 606.

LAAN.V A N DER . . . . . . . . 321


Laars Banks (Strait of Makassar) 436
LABASSE
. . . . . . . 287. (note I )
Labuan coal . . . . . . . 101. 142
Labuan (NW Borneo) . . . 133. 142
Lacazir~u. . . 78 . 153. 177. 467. 473
Lacrc:irla wichmaririi SCHLUMBFHCER .
153. 154. 177. 178. 179. 714
L.accolithic injection . . . . . . 210
LACROIX.A . 192. 193. 214. 233. 253.
31 1
Ladus . . . . . . . . . . 191. 215
LAGOKIO
. . . . . . . . . . . 281
Lahars . . . . . . . . . . 19 I . 223
Lakor (Bnnda arcs) . . . . . . 476
LAM.H . J . . . . . . . . . . . 4
LAMBERT
. . . . . . . . . . . 510
LAMBRECHT.
K . . . . . . . . . 1 13
Larnnidai. . . . . . . . . . . 74
Lnmpegan (West Java) . . . . 622
Lampong Districts (South Sumatra) . . . . . . . . . . . 678
Lampong frlult (South Sumatra) 683
Lampong tuffs (South Sumatra) 202
Land bridges (plio-pleistocene) 301
302
LAP. P . 0. . . . . . . . . 160. 511
LAPPARENT.
J . DE . . . . . . . 234
Laramic orogenesis . . . . . . 724

L~~piclocyclinaucuta RLITTEN85. 14 1
Lepicloc~~clinn( Nephrolcpidina)
at?.qrilosa PROVALE120. 141. 39 1 .
494 598. 639. 649
Lepidocyclirlcr (L(~pit10cj~clinuj
boc~tor1ensi.rV A N D E R VLIRK 131. 148.
420
Lc~pitlocyclit7a ? cf . bonarelli V A N
D E R VLERKnon PROV
. . . . 143
Lepidocyclina ( Nephr-olc~pidina)
hornri'ri.r.is PROVALE
. . . 320. I43
Lepidocj~clina cani~llei LEM. &
Douv . . . . . . . . . . . . 142
Lcpi~loc?.cliria crocifeva MOHLEK141
Lc2pidocyclinci cf . dilutata MICH. 112
Lepidoc?.clina (Erilepirlitiu) dilatatn MICHELLOTTI
. . . . . . I36
L~~pidocj~clirza
!Nrphr.) ferrrroi
PROVALE81. 391 . 556. 557. 598.
603. 649
Lepidocyclina .flexuos(1 RUTTEN85.
141. 494. 557. 598
Lepidocyclina cf . .formosa
SCHLUMB
. . . . . . . . . . 112
Lepidocv clina (E~rl~.pidina).fortriosu SCHLUMBERGER
. . . . 136
Lepidocyclinu .pigantea . . . 621 623
Lepidocyclinn g1ahr.a. . . . . . 649
Lepidoc~.
clitra ( Ncphrolepidina)
inflata PROVALE141. 494. 557. 598.
60 3

. .

. .

KRAUS.E . . . . . . . . . . . 723
KRAUSL.P . G . . . . . . . . . 126
KRXUSEL.R . . . . . . . . 102. 1 13
K R ~ K E L EFR. . . . . . 62. 126. 303
KRIJNEK.W . F . . . . . . . . 83
KROL G . L . 63. 129. 184 326. 340.
344. 415
Kroniong Complex (West Java) 651
Kru'i area (South Sumatra) 115. 116
KRIJILINC;.\.
P . . . . . . . . . 102
KRLIMDECK.
L . 69 72 445 . 446. 451.
453.460. 51 l 530 532
KRCAIMEL.
K . . . . . . . . . 16
Kruyt Mts (Central Celcbes) 41 1 . 440
Kuching Zone (Zone B. West
Borneo) . . . . . . . . . . 329
KIJINEN.PI^. H . 15. 39 (note I ) . 42.
51 (nots 1 ) . 96. 219. 221. 269. 272.
278. 279. 281 354. 355. 377. 37s.
380. 383. 384. 385. 386. 424 . 437
438. 441. 445 . 456. 457. 458. 470.
471. 472. 474. 478 . 479. 387. 495.
504. 721. 723
KUI-IN& RITTMAKN
. . . . 262. 278
K U I P F R . . . . . . . . . . . 593
Kunibang breccia (Central Java) 606.
654
K U K D I GE
. . . . . . . . . 389. 405
Kundur (Riouw-Lingga Arch.) . 305
Kriphri.~ (Tc.r.edo) p o l i ~ t h a / ( ~ t t ~ i r ~
(LIN.) . . . . . . . . . . . 81
K U P P E RH
. . . . . . . . . 120. 639
Kur (Banda arcs) . . . . . . . 465
Kuri tuffs (South arm Celebes) . 436
KIJRZ . . . . . . . . . . . . 709
Kutai area (East Borneo) 130. 13 1 .
133. 134. 139. 140
KIJTASSY.
A . V O N 61. 67 (note 1). 389.
52 1
KUYPER. . . . . . . . . . . 251

INDEX

L~,piduc.vclina insular n a t a l i ~J. &

C. CHAPM.. . . . . . . 13 1, 391
Lrpirlocyclina cf. i.solt,pidinoides
v. D . VLEKK . . . . . . . . 104
Lepidocj.clinn japonica . . . . . 649
Lepidor,~~clir~cr
ir7ar.ginata MICH. . 598
L ~ ~ p i t l o c y c l r r(Tryhliolepidina)
~n
rnarrini S C H L U M B. . . . . 141, 649
Lepidoc~clirlncf. rnunieri LEM. &
Douv. . . . . . . . . . . . 13 1
Lepidocyclina papirnensis CHAP-

MAN. . . . . . . . . . . . 185

L e p i d o y c l i n a rarliatn . . . . . 623
Lppidocyclina (Nrphrolepidina)
rurreni v. D. V L E R K. . 557, 649
Lepiciocj~clina slibr.ntliara ( D o u VILLE)

. . . . . . . . . . . 141

Lepidoc)~clina(Nephrol<~pidina)
sunlairensis BRADY 120. 39 1 . 494.

556
Lepidocyclina ( Nephrolcpidinai
.surnarrcnsis BRADYvar. inorr~aro

RUTTEN . . . . . . . . . . I20
Lepidocyclina ( Nrphrolepidina)
.surnarren.si.s BRADYvar. minor

RUTTEN . . . . . . . . . . 120
Lepidocycli~ln( Nrphrolepidinaj
rc,rbreki NEWT. & HALL .

. 556
Leprak Layers (Java) . . . . . 552
Leptohos . . . . . . . . . . 92, 93
L E R ~ C H.E . . . . . . . . . . 102
LEROUX . . . . . . . . . . . 178
LE ROY (see Roy, Le).
Lesser Sunda Islands 51 (phys.), 72
a.f. (Mesoz. Tirnor), 229 (ign. rocks),
239 (tert. batholiths), 441 (struct.
syst.), 485 a.f. (geol.), 728 (Section
of Sunda Mountain System)
Leti (Banda arcs) . . . . . . . 475
Letter-classification . . . . 83. 135
LEUPOLD,W . . . . . . . . 83, I14
LEUPOLD& M A Y N E. . . . . . 72
LEUPOLD& V A N DER VLERK 84, 85,
86, 118, 129, 132, 134, 138, 140
LEWIS . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
Lewotolo Volcano (Lomblen.
Lesser Sunda Island) . . . . 492
Lidak Horizon (Timor Permian) 74
LIUNAC-GRUTTEKINK
. . . . . 101
Lignite Zone ( N o r t h Sumatra) . 122,
fig. 35
Ligung Series . . . . . . 606, 607
Lilinta Beds . . . . . . . . . 69
Limau Mts (Central Sumatra) . 113
Limboto Zone ( N o r t h Celebes) 41
Lingayen-Dingalan line o r flexure
(Luzon) . . . . . . . . 34, 374
Lingga Archipelago . . . . . . 17
Lingga (Riouw-Lingga Arch.) . 314
Linggopodo Beds (Centml Java) 610
Lioria . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Lirang (Lesscr Sunda Islands) . 240,
486, 489
Lithothanrr~irrrn . . 136, 397, 466, 467
Lixiviation (soil) . . . . . . .
9
Lockhurtiu . . . . . . . . . . 356
LOCZY, L. VON 61, 65, 66, 67, 148,
151 (note I ) . 389. 394. 399. 408.

Lomblen (Lesser Sunda Island) 52,


49 1,492
Lombok (Lesser Sunda Isl.) 52, 504
Lompobutang(SoutharmCelebes) 436
Longitudinal median depression
(of Banda outer arc) 50, 444 (Ccram), 465 ( N E Section), 467 ( K a i ) ,
473 Sr. 474 (Tanimbar), 482
Longitudinal median depression
(New Guinea) . . . . . . . 57
LONSDALE,KATHLEEN. . . . . 234
Lonsdalria jfiegtli . . . .
. . 62
LOTH, J. E. . . . . . . . 308, 326
~ov&nipor.a 443, 446. 453, 455. 456.
465. 661
~ o v ~ c ~ i z i ~vinassai
ora
GIATTINI. 72,
443, 446, 449, 451, 537, 667
Lower Bentang Beds (West J ~ i v a )621
Lower D.i a m. ~ a -n g Series (West
Java) . . . . . . . . . . . 619
Lower Kalibeng Beds (East Java) 573,
577, 579
Lower Palembang Beds (South
Sumatra) . . . . . . . 1 1 8 a.f.
Lower Tertiary 103 (Java a n d Madura), 11 I (Sumatra), 126 (Borneo),
I42 (Philippines), 146 (Celebes), 153
(Moluccas), 155 (Lesser Sunda Isl.).
174 175 (Islands West of Sumatra),
177 (And. & Nic.), 177 (West New
Guinea), 185 (East New Guinea).
187 (Christmas Isl.)
Lower Tjidjengkol Beds (West
Java) . . . . . . . . . . . 628
Loxosrotna linlhatunl (BRADY). 167
Lubnng Islands (Philippines) . . 371
Lrrcina . . . . . . . . . . . . 129
LUDWIG,0 . . . . . . . . . . 251
LUGEON,M. . . . . . . . 287. 669
Lukulo ( L o h Ulo) arcs . . . . 603
Lurus complex (Java) . . . . . 552
Llrrra . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
Lutut Beds. . . . . . . . . . 604
LuwuL cmbayment (East Celebes) 149
Luzon (Philippines) 34 (phys.). 370
(geol.)
L ~ , r i t rcdwardsi (D'ARCHIAC) . . 606
L.vrirr jugos~r SOW. (
rdwurhi
MART.) . . . . . . . . . . 8 1
L.vtoceras . . . . . . . . . . 475

M a a r (volcanic). . . . . . . . 210
MAAREL,F. H. V A N D E R . . . 9 I
M c CASKEY. . . . . . . . . 371
Maccluer Gulf . . . . . 56 (phys.)
MAC G I L L A V R Y .. . . . . . . 294
MAC GREGOR& WILSON . . . 248
MACKE,CH. A. F. . . 339, 340, 345
MACRLOT . . . . . . . . . . 510
MACLAINEPONT, A. . . . . . 582
? Macroct~phalites. . . 76, 379. 382
MADDOX. . . . . . . . . . . 183
Madi Upland (Central Borneo) 331
Madorang (Banda arcs) . . . . 465
Madura . . . . . . . 3 1. 108, 554
Magma a n d migma . . . 233 a.f.
Magmatic activity i n orogenic belts
242 a.f., 254 (rules o f evolution)
Magmatists-Transformists controversy . . . . . . . . . 233 a.f.
Magnetic anomalies . . . . 296, 297

M a g n e t i s m . . . . . . . . . . 296
MahaLum (Borneo) 20 (phys.), 128
and fig. 38 (Paleogene)
Maju and Tifore (Moluccan Sea) 45,
153, 379
~MajuRidge (Moluccan Sea) 384, 385,
386, 387
Makassar Systcm (South Celebes)
fig. 179. 435, 436. 441
Makassar T r o u g h . . . . . 436, 440
Malay Peninsula . . . . . 360 a . t
Malayan Archipelagc ( n a m e ) . .
2
Mulayci Orogene . . . . . . . 668
M u l ~ ~ n i b a n gFormation (Philippines) . . . . . . . . . 145, 146
Ma~nberamo-Bewani Depression
( N e w Guinea) . . . . . 57, 714
Mamudju Embayment (West
Central Celebes) . . 149, 406, 409
Manufai diabase (Port-Timor) . 522
Manatuto arc:! o r fault (PortTinlor). . . . . . . 527, fig. 240
Manatuto urea (Lesser Sunda
Islands) . . . . . . . . . . 530
Manawoko (Banda arcs). . . . 465
Mandai Subzonc (West Borneo) 329
Mangani area . . . . 120, 124, 675
Mangkalihat Peninsula (East Borneo) 19, 20, 129, 131, 132, 133, 138,
140, 141, 353, 413
Manila Zone (Philippines) 35, 36, 374
Manindjau, Lake (Central Sum a t r a ) . . . . . . . . . . . 685
Manipa (Ceram G r o u p ) . . . . 444
A l a ~ l i ptrlaco
~,
jar.nrrica D u n o ~ s92, 94
Manokwari. . . . . . . . . . 77
Manufai diabasc (Port-Timor) . 76
Manunggul F o r n ~ a t i o n mera rat us
Range) . . . . . . . . 65, 344
M at
, .,atua. Kakaban, Muaras (NEBorneo) . . . . . . . . . . 354
MAREL,H. W. V A N D E R 660,689,690,
691, 692, 693, 694
Marepan Beds (West o f Sumatra) 164,
170, 174, 175
M A R L ZOYENS, F. A. H . W. U E 73.
161, 474, 475, 511
Mapas (see Bukit Mapas).
Murginrlllr ~~crr~,qgrrlmet~.si.s
MART. 8 1
Marginoportr . . . . . . . 178, 186
Marginopora vcrtehralis (BLAINVILLE) . . . tab. 41, 141, 179, 180
Maria Reigersberg (Atoll) Reef
(Flores Sea) . . . . . . 436, 729
M ,.LI :
lne facies (Paleogene West
Borneo) . . . . . . 126, fig. 37
Marinc Fossil horizon ( N o r t h
coast West New Guinea). . . 178
Marl-limestone Series (Nias) 169 176
Marl-tuff horizons (Lukulo, Central Java) . . . . . . . 603, 604
M a r o r o Formation (Celebes) 66, 78,
148, 426. 427
Maros. province of Mediterranean
volcanics. . . . 219, 430, 433, 435
MARSHALL,P. . . . . . . . . 202
Martapura area (SE-Rornco) . . 345
MARTIN,K. 4, 60. 65, 79 a.f., 80, 81,
83, 89, 91, 102, 103, 126, 142, 144,
161, 164, 178. 298, 304, 319, 321,
344. 420, 421, 443, 444, 445, 451,
453, 456, 581, 586 (notc 2), 595,
598, 620, 623, 651

INDEX
.
-

MARTIN'Stertiary molluscan
faunae . . . . . . . . 80 a.f.
Martinia sp . . . . . . . . . . 62
~Vlartinianucula . . . . . . . . 475
Masigit. Gunung (West Java) . 639
hlastodon . . . . . . . . . . 91
hfastodon bumiajuensis (V. D . M.) 92
MATTHEW. . . . . . . . . . 93
Matano Beds (Celebes) . . 68. 414
Matano Lake (Celebes) . . . . 415
MATTHYSEN. . . . . . . . . 674
Maumere (see Flores) .
MAYR E . . . . . . . . . 5. fig . 5
Meaty Miarang (Banda arcs) . . 476
Medang (near Sumbawa) . . . 501
Median depression (New Guinea) 71 4
Median line (Central Celebes) . 404
Mediterranean igneous suites (see
Origin of . . . . .).
Mediterranean volcanics (distribution) . . . . . . . . . . 219
Mefa Beds (Buru) . . . . . . 453
~Wegacj~on. . . . . . . . . . 92
Meganthroprrs . . . 92. 107. 1 10. 11 1
Meganthr.oprrs palaeujavat~icus v .
K . . . . . . . . . . . 107. 1 1 1
MEINESZ(see VENINGMEINESZ)
.
Mekongga Mts (SE arm Celebes) 403.
416. 440
~ e l a n e s i a nborderland . 713. 714. 716
Melanesian Mountain System . . 16
fig . l l o n pl . 2. fig. 21-on pl . I . 231.
388. 712. 716. tab . 124on p . 719. 731
Mclania . . . . . 114. 126. 575. 578
? Melanoides . . . . . . . . . 113
Melawi facies . . . . . 126. fig . 37
Melawi Subzone (West Borneo) 332
Mengkrawit Beds (East Borneo) 138.
141
Menoreh Mts . . . . . . . . 105
Menoreh Volcano . . . . . . . 596
Mental spine (Spincr n7entalis of
Early Man) . . . . . . . . 109
MENTEN.J . H . . . . . . . . . 314
Merapi-Telemojo volcanoes (Central Java) . . . . . . . . . 559
Merapi Volcano (Central Java) 189.
192. 193. 197. 199. 200. 206. 207.
208 209 . 215 223 251 (foreign
.
.
incl.). 560
Meratus Range (SE Borneo) . . 18
20. 64. 65.-129. 130. 226. 340-350.
499 (scheme)
Merauke Zone (or ridge) (New
Guinea) . . . . . . 58.715. 721
Merawan batholith (East Java) 238.
239
Merawu Beds . . . . . . . . 604
Merbabu Volcano (Java) . . 21 1. 562
Mergui centre of diastrophism 672.
707

Mesozoic (strat.) . . . . . 62 a.f.


Metamorphic facies (Crystalline
schists Celebes) . . . . . 405. 406
Metulu . . . . . . . . . . . 8 1
Menlaboh embayment (North Sumatra) . . . . . . . . . . . 115
MEYER.H . . . . . . . . . 163. 661

Miangas Island (Northern Moluccas) . . . . . . . . . . . 385


Micaceous sandstone (North Sumatra) . . . . 112 (tab . 28. 29)
Middle Palembang Beds 97. 1 18 a.f.
Migma . . . . . . . . . . . 233
Migmatite zone (front) 242 a.f., 278.
334
Miogjpsino 380. 384 (tab. 88). 433.
447. 449. 461
MILAAN.P . W . V A N . . . . . 593
Miliolidae . . I 14. 149. 179. 370. 473
Miliolina sp . . . . . . . . . . 427
MILLER . . . . . . . . . . . 110
Mimika area (W New Guinea) . 77
Minahasa . . . . . . . . . . 40
Minahasa section (North arm Celebes) . . . . . . . . . . . 389
Mindoro (Philippines) . . . . . 371
Minor undations (tumors) . 295. 336
Miogypsina 81 . 83. 84. 85. 86. 87. 88.
90. 97. 114. 118. 129. 133. 137. tab .
41.143. 148.149.151~.164. 166. 174.
176. 177. 180. 181. 184. 415. 432.
474.490.494. 501. 509. 577 (note 1).
598.603.604. 619. 620. 629. 639. 649
Miogypsina banramensis TAN . . 629
Miogjpsinu bijida . . . . . . . 620
Miogypsina (Miogypsina) hornc2nsis T A N . . . . . . . . 141
Miogypsir~a(Conot77iog~psinoides)14 1
Miogypsina (Miogypsinoides) de
huarti v . D . VLERK 85. 118. 122.
141. 159. 509 (tab . 106). 629
Miogypsina indonesiensis . . . . 620
hliogypsina kotoi KOTOI& HANZ A W A . . . . . . . . . 598. 620
Mio~ypsirrcr polymorpha RUTTEN85.
556. 557. 620. 629
Miogypsina thecideaeformis
RUTT. 85. 120. 154. 460. 556. 557.
598. 603. 605. 620. 629. 639
Miog~psinoides 86. 87. 88. 104. 136.
137. 180. 420. 598
Miomaffo region (Tirnor) . . . 73
Mirador limestones (Philippines) 145.
146
Miri (Sarawak) . . . . . . . . 358
Misolia 66. 67 69. 70. 71. 397. 453
~ i s o ~ l ( ~ o i u c c69(strat
a s ) . Mesozoic).
153-154 (Tertiary). 458-461 (geol.)
"Missing link" . . . . . . . . 109
Miting limestones (Buru) . . . 453
Mitro sedanensis MART. . . . . 81
hlixosauridac . . . . . . . . . 5 1 1
Moa (Banda arcs) . . . . . . 475
Modjokerto (locality) . . . . . 109
MOERMANC . . . . . . . . . 701

Molengraaff Range . . . 43. tab . 5


MOLENGRAAFF
& WEBER
. . 17. 300
Molengraaffia regularis V I N. 443. 446.
449
Mollo region (Timor) 72. 73. fig. 223
on pl . 27 (map). fig . 224-225 and
fig . 226 on pl . 27 (sections)
Molluscan stratigraphy. Tertiary 79 u.f.
Molluscs of Sampolakosa Beds
(Buton) . . . . . . . . 420. 421
Moluccas 44 (phys.), 152 (tertiary
strat.)
Moluccan Sea . . . . . . . . 384
Monotis salinaria BR. . 72. 41 9. 660
Monotis sp . . . . . . 63. 327. 530
. 60. 185.216. 710. 717
MONTGOMERY
Montli~altiu . . . . . . . 446. 661
Montliraltia mulrrkka~zaWANNER
443
MOORE . . . . . . . . . . . 90
Morotai . . . . . . . . . . . 47
MORRISON.
H . C . . . . . . . . 75
Movrus. H . L . 93. 96. 97. 98. 99. 651
Mrisi (Java) . . . . . . . . . 572
Muaraenim Anticlinorium (South
Sumatra) . . . . . . . . . . 696
Mud flows (see Lahars) .
Mud volcanoes of Kni Group
(Banda arcs) . . . . . . . . 466
Mud volcanoes of Sangiran dome
(Java) . . . . . . . . . . . 567
MUHLHOFER.
F . . . . . . . . 702
MULLER.J . . . . . . . . 268. 686
Muller Mts (Central Borneo) fig . 12.
18. 19. 20. 127 331
Mul/ilcpidirra . . . . . . . . 87. 88
Mundu stage (Rembang. East
Java) . . . . . . . . . . . 586
Munggur anticline (Java) . . . 568
M ~ f i t i a c u s . . . . . . . . . . 92
Muriah complex . . . . . . . 593
Muriah Volcano (NE Java) 29. 251

(petrology)

Murjo (see Muriah) .


MUSPER.K . A . F . R . 5. 38. 39. 61. 72.
79. 97. 102. 113. 114. 120. 124. 144
(note 2). 188. 340. 344. 465. 494.
645. 648. 659. 660. 661. 665. 672.
673. 686. 696. 697. 698. 699. 700.
702
Musperia radiata ( H E E R ). . . . 113
Mutis ]region (Timor) 73. fig. 22 1 on
p . 514. fig . 222 on p . 515
Muturi area (W New Guinea) . 77
MYERS.EARLH . . . . . . 14. 300
Afyophoria sp . . 417 (tab . 97). 419
h.f.vriopora . . . . . . . . . . 661

14i. 153. 154. 179. 180. 183. 353


MOHNIKE . . . . . . . . . . 299
~ o h o r o v i r i cdiscontinuity . . . 284
MOHR.E . C . J . 10. 11. 13. 224. 300.
3 1 1. 646. 702
Mojo (near Sumbawa) . . . . 501
MOLENCRAAFF
. G . A . F . 17.42.61-64,

~ o l e n ~ r a acaldera
ff
(Batur. Bali) 505.
506

Nanggulan Eocene . . 105. 596. 602


Nanggulan moll . fauna . . . . 80
A'assa . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
Natica tris~rlcarn . . . . . . . 105
NATLAND.M . L . . . . . . . . 90
Natuna Islands . . . . 17. 225. 303
Natuna Zone (Sunda Land) . . 364
. . . . . . 144 (note I )
NAUMANN
Nautilus javanus MART. . . . . 102
Neck of North arm (Celebes) 40 389.
391. 392
Neck of Vogelkop (New Guinea) 56

NEEB.G . A . 14. fig . 10. 102 194.


201. 441. 470. 503. 504
N~oolveolii~a. . . . . . . . . 1 37
Nr~oal~c~olina
~rrelo (FICHTEL&
MOLL) . . . . . . 137 fig. 41a
Neonl~~c~olina
pj;7rrroea (HANZAWA)
136. 137. fig . 41a. tab . 41 . 153. 180
Neoalveolitiella . . . . . . . . 84
N~~oalreolincllapygrtraeo H.zNZAWA . . . . . . . . 86. 87. 179
Neqfeli.~nehu/o.eu . . . . . . . 93
Neogene (see Upper Tertiary) .
Neo.rchwagerina . . . . . . . . 665
Neotibetites . . . . . . . . . 453
Nephrolepidina 85. 86. 87. 88. 143.
164. 180. 181. 619. 629 639
Veplrrolepidinn an.^ lrlosri 85. 605. 629
Nephrolepidina bornehisis . . . 85
Nephrolepidinu Drouweri RUTTEN433
Nephrolepidino ferreroi PROV
. 85. 605.
629
Nephrolepidina j7ex~rosa . . . . 629
Nephrolepidina inj7ata . . . 85. 629
Nephrolepidinn isolepiclinoides v .
D . VLERK . . . . . . . 85. 628
Nephrolepidina srimnti~en.sis. . . 85
Nephrolepidina cf . .slirrratrrnsis
var . r~rinor RUTTEN. . . . . 628
Nephrolepidina slimatrer~,
cis var .
rk~~ir.illei
. . . . . . . . . . 85
Ncpirrolepidina verheeki . . . . 85
Nerinm (? s.s.) sp . cf . ctalloni
PICT. & CAMP. . . . . . . . 667
Nrrinea (s.s.) polomhangsi.~MusPER . . . . . . . . . . . . 667
Nerinea f P t ~ ~ g m u t i scf) . requieni
D'ORR. . . . . . . . . . 65. 344
hrestoritheriun7 . . . . . . . 92. 93
N E U M A NVNA N PADANG.M . 38. 39.
188. 193. 194. 201. 204. 210. 211.
214. 216. 494. 495. 550. 612. 613.
623. 643. 654. 726
NEUMAYR.M . . . . . . . . . 530
NEVE.G . A . D E . . . . . 267. 3 16
New Britain (Bismarck Arch.) . 716
New Guinea 55 (phys.), 177 (strat .
Tert.), 23 1 (ign . rocks). 7lO(reg . gcol.)
NEWTON.R . B . . . . . . . 133. 185
New volcanoes . . . . . . . . 204
Ngandong (Java) . . . . . . . 576
Njandung fauna . . . . . 92. 11 1
Ngawi Subzone (Java) 30.96.565. 567
Nglanggran Beds (Java) . . . . 556
Ngronan Horizon . . . . . . . 578
Nias . . . . . . 164 (strat.). 175
Nicobars & Andamans (see Andamans & Nicobars) .
Nief area (see East Ceram) .
NIERMEYER.
PROF. . . . . . . . 592
W . . . . . 232. 233
NIEUWENKAMP
NIGGLI. E . . . . . . . . . . . 245.
NIGGLI. P . 212 (note 2)... 213 . 232. 234..
281. 457
Niki Niki - Baun Zone (Timor) 74
Nila (Banda arcs) . . . . . . . 47 1
NILLSON.E . . . . . . . . . . 96
N.ialindung Beds . . . . . . . 620
Njalindung moll . fauna . . . . 81
Nodosario 157. 163. 164. 166. 168. 169
Nodocaria radicula (LINNB) . . 89
Non-volcanic outcr arcs . . . . 219
Non-volcanic outer arc of Timor
orogene . . . . . . . . . . 542

Noil Toko Trough (Timor'j 519. fig .


228 o n pl . 29
Noordwachter Ridge (Java Sea) 323
North arm of Celebes 40. 149. 389 a.f.
North Borneo (British) . . . . 356
North Bungku and Bongka area
(East arm Celebes) . . . 397. 398
North coast Schists (Port . Timor) 75
Northeast Borneo 132. 141>353 a.f.
Northern Banda Basin 455 (geotect .
position)
Northern Divide Range -(New
Guinea) . . . . . . . . 57. 714
Northern Moluccas 44 (phys.),
fig . 19. 227. 377 a.f. (geol.)
North Seraju Range (Central
Java) . . . . . 29. 104.604. 61 3
North Sumatra 23 (note 1 ) 112. 122
126. 660. 6'12 674 676 701
Northwest Borneo (Sarawak and
Brunei) . . . . . . . . . . 357
NORTON R . D . . . . . . . . . 90
NORZI. . . . . . . . . . . . 216
Notopuro Beds (Java) 93. 566 576.
610
Nricula m a r k . . . . 69. 70. 71. 460
Nukes ardentes . . . . . . 192. 193
Nuhurowa or Kai-minor Group
(Ban.da arcs) . . . . . . . . 466
Nuhutjut or Kai-major (Banda
arcs) . . . . . . . . . . 466. 467
Nunrr?rrilina. . . . . . . . 446. 466
Numnzulinidac. . . . . . . . . 50 1
Nr/mr~rulites(= Camerina) 83. 84. 85.
86. 87. 88. 142 356
Nummu1ite.r hagelensis . . . . . 85
Nr~mmri1ite.rbornen.ri.r . . . . . 84
Nummrilitrs ~ok~(io1cartae. . 85. 87
N1tmmrilite.r fichteli-internre& 85. 86.
87
Nlitnnn~litesjavatia VERBEEK
= N.
perfirata MONTFORT . 85. 86. 47
Nrin7rnulites nuttalli . . . . . 84. 85
Nlrmrnlilites pmgaronm.ri.r ( =
nat1.qgorlani) . . . . . . . . 85
Nummulites suhniosi DOUVILL~
. 142
Nummri1i1e.c 1ahal1arrnsi.c . . . 84
Nrin?muliles thalica . . . . . . 84
Nummrrlitcs vredenburgi . . . . 87
N u n Pene (Timor) fig . 229-230 resp .
o m p . 518-519
Nusa Endk (near Flores) . . . 496
Nusa Gelinta (near Flores) . . 496
Nusa Penida (Bali) . . . . . . 505
NUTTAL W . L . F . . . . . . . 187

Obapi Conglomerate (North arm


Celebes) . . . . . . . . . . 391
OBDEYNV . . . . . . . . 298 299
Obi Group 45 fig . 19 153. 379. 380
Oceanic basins 3-4 fig. 11 o n pl . 2
fig. 78 o n pl . 8 fig. 378 on pl . 41
Octopoda . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Ofu Series (Timor) . . . . 74, 520
Ogena Beds (Lower Jurassic.
Buton) . . . . . . . . . . . 419
Oil basin stratigraphy 107 (East Java).
116 (SE Sumatra). I20 (Central
Sumatra). 122 (North Sumatra).
133 a.f. (Borneo). 696 (East Sumatra)
Ojo Beds (Java) . . . . . . . 557

"Old-andesite" Formcition 117 119.


124. 184. 596. 71 5
OLDHASI
. R . D . . . . 707.708 . 709
Ombai (see Alor).
Onto dome (Java) . . . . . 565. 575
Oosthoek (scc Eastern spur of
Java) .
OOSTINGH.C . H . 4. 65. 79. 82. 93.
108. 113. 115. 141. 142. 143. 162.
420. 573. 586 (note 2). 606. 620. 621.
630. 639. 650. 651. 654. 702
Opercrilitru 131. 136. 149. 163. 168.
371 391. 466. 473
Operclilinu an~monoides(GRONOvrous) . . . . . . . . . . . 161
Operculinn crimingii (CARPENTER)
14 I
Operculina Zone (North Sumatra) . . . . . . . . 122. fig . 35
Operculinello venosa (FICHTEL&
MOLL). . . . . . . . . . . 142
Operculinidar . . . . . . . tab . 41
Operculinoicies . . . . . . . . 184
Ophiolites . . . . . . . . 244 a.f.
Ophiolite-spilite complex (Timor) 5 12.
5 15. 520. 522
OPPENHEII\I
. . . . . . . . . . 105
OPPENOORTHW . F . F . 14. 96. 105.
123. 629. 694
OPPENOORTH
& GERTH . . . . 595
Orang lJtan (Pongo) . . . 94 110
Orhitoides . . . . . . . . 37 1 . 474
Orbitoidiciae . . . . 84. tab . 41. 164
Orbitolina 66. 78. 128. 340. 344. 349.
427. 603. 661. 667. 668
Orhitolininae . . . . . . . 64. 148
Orhiroli~cs . . . . . . . . . . 132
Orbilolites complar~ataLMK. . . 156
(tab. 48)
OrD~lina. . . 164. 167. 168. 169. 491
OrDulinariu . . . . . . . . . . 532
Orhulina-surface . . . . . . . 90
Orbulina riniversn D'ORBIGNY89. 15 1.
161. 163. 166. 167. 168. 169
Origin of Atlantic (sodic) igneous
rocks . . . . . . . . . 243 a.f.
Origin of hydrothermal ore deposits . . . . . . . . . . . 218
Origin of igneous rocks 232 a.f., 242
a.f., tab . 73 on p . 255
Origin of Mediterranian (potassic)
igneous rocks 214. 220. 250 a.f.
Origin of nappes and geanticlines
(in the Banda arcs) . . . . . 479
Origin of ophiolites . . . 244 a.f.
Origin of Pacific (calcalkaline)
igneous rocks . .
218. 246 a.f.
Orogenic belts . . . . . . . . 15
Orogenic cycles (duration. in
Banda System) . . . . . 482. 483
Orogenic rules in the Indian
Archipelago . . 227-229.231, 232
Orogenic volcanism . . . . . . 199
Ortlrocyclina . . . . . . . 154. 420
0rthoc.vclirra molrtccana H E N R
. 156
(tab . 48)
0rthoc.vclinu .rrirrraiietzsis v . D .
VLERK . . . . . . 156 (tab . 48)
Orthophragmina (Di.~cocvclina) . 84
OSBORN . . . . . . 60. 9 1. 92. 7 10
Ossjpitic tendency of the Indonesian calcalkaline igneous
province . . . . . . . . . . 213
Ostcoglossidar . . . . . . . . 113

0.rtracoda . . . . . . . . 101 164


Ostr-en sp . . . . . . . . . . . 127
Ostreo cf . rzicaisci C ~ . Q. . . . 494

Otakwa area ( W New Guinea) . 77


OTLEYBEYER.H . . . . . . . . 567
OUDRAAT.
J . C . . . . . . . . 466
Outer arc Banda System 455 (position
of Buru), 463.465.469.472.478. 482
Outer arc Borneo System . . . . 360
Outer arc Buton System 441 (VId on
fig. 182)
Outer arc Celebes Orogene 440 (Id.
Ilf. 1ITd IVg o n fig. 182)
Outcr arc Java-Sumatra section 54. 634
Outer arc Lesser Sunda Islands 53
510 a.f.
Outer arc Malava Orogene . . . 363
Outer arc ~ i c o b a r s& ~ n d a m a n s
section . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Oval~~eolina
. . . . . . . . . . 137
Overdeepened parts in the Sunda
Shelf . . . . . . . . . . . 300
Oxynoticerrrs . . . . . . . . . 450
Oxytoriia . . . . . . . . . . . 397

PAAP

. . . . . . . . . . . . 700

Pachyporrr ( ~ o v k n i ~ o r .n ). . . 72
Pochvpora intah:ilrrtn fl.ov;erziporn vinaissei) . . . . . . . 72
Pochiporidae . . . . . . . . . 446

Pacific (cnlcalkaline) products of


eruption . . . . . . . . . . 213
(Vr4r.o~)362
Pacific Mountain svstem
+
note 2. 725
Pacific suite (see Origin
. of Pacific
igneous rocks) .
Padang Highlands . . . . 113. 202
Padar (Lesser Sunda Islands) 496. 497
P A K U C K A.S . . . . . . . . . 51 1
Palawan Island (Philippines) . . 371
Palembang Basin (South Sumatra) . . . . . . . . . . 119. 696
Palelo Series (Timor) 73. 75. 515. 520
Palembang ( S o ~ ~ t~hu m a t m ). . 685
Paleogene (see Lower Tertiary) .
Paleogeography of Borneo (Tert .
and Quat.) . . . . 358 (fig . 148)
4
Paleontology . . . . . . . . .
Palingenesis . . . . . . . 233a.f.
Palmula rvticrtlata ( R ~ u s s ). . . 449
Palurlornur . . . . . . . . . . 126
Palu Range (gcanticline) 43 . tab . 5,
403, 407, 411. 412. 413. 430. 431.
440
Paluweh (near Flores) . . . . . 495
Pamalar limestone (Sumha) 159. fig .
45. tab . 106 o n p . 509
Pamali Breccias (SE-Borneo) fig. 141
142 343. 344
Pcimaluan coal (Borneo) . . . . 101
Paman or Pamirna (near Flores) 495.
496
Pandnn Volcano (Java) . . 570. 579
Paniungan Beds (Meratus range) 64.
341
PANNEKOEK.
A . J . 1 l . 15. 28. 48 (note
2). 102. 299. 471 . 595 h01>602. 616.
617. 618. 619. 621 . 622. 623. 638
(Miss) 80. 8 I . 586 (note 2)
PANNEKOEK
PANNEKOEK
VAN RHEDEN..I. 5.494,
501. 503
~

Pantar (Lesser Sunda Tsl.) . 52. 491


Panillera tigris (L.) . . . . . . 94
Papandajan Volcano (West Java) 21 5
. . 81
. . 646
Paracale-Mambulao gold field
(Philippines) . . . . . . . . 372
Par-nfrondicularia japonica ASA V O 89
Paralerroceras . . . . . . . . . 475
PARFFT.H . B . . . . . . . . . 75
Pasir (SE Borneo) . . . . 130. 139
Pasumah (South Sumatra) . . . 202
Paternoster Reefs (Flores Sea) 436.
729
Patihajan~dome . . . . . . . 594
Patjalan limestone horizon (.lava) 552
Patjitan (Java) . . . . . . . . 556
Peak of Bonthain (see Lompobatang)
Pecopteris(ex gr . arborescens) 62 327
Pectrn cf . cowperi WARINGvar .
vrrbarensis YABE & NAGAO. 64
PELAEZ . . . . . . . . . . . 147
Pelaihari area (SE Borneo) . . . 139
Pelang Beds (Java) . . . . 572. 577
Peleng (Tsland see Banggai) .
Peleru Subzone or mixed belt
(Central Celebes) 43 tab . 5. 406.
41 1. 412. 440
Pelicjpoda . . . . . . . . . . 72 1
Pellati.~pira 83. 84. 85. 86. 87. 103.
104. 105. 106. 128. 131. 136. 148
149. 154. 155. 177. 179. 185 433.
446. 509. 567. 603. 604. 618
Paphia (Tapes) . . . . . .
Paphia neglecta (MARTIN).

Pellatispira

crossicol~~mnalo

UMBG. . . . . . 156 (tab . 48)


Pe//atispira ~ l a h r aUMBGR
. . . . I36
Pellatispira inflfrta UMBGR
. 136. 156
(tab . 48)
Pellotirpiro rnadaraszi H A N T K E N
var .provnlei YABE 136. 156 (tab. 48).
308
Pellatispira orbitoidea (PROVALE)
136.
156 (tab . 48)
Pemali Beds . . . . . . . . . 604
Pematang Semut (South Sumatra) 681
Penanggungan Volcano (Java) . 571
PENCK.A . . . . . . . . 1 1 . 96. 336
. . . . . . . . . 45 1. 510
PENECKE
Peneplanation (in the tropics) . I I
Pengalengan section (Southern
Mts of West Java) . 28. 622. 623
Pengampon facies (East Java) . 579
Penjatan Series (Central Java) . 605
Pentacrinr~s. . . . . . . . 77. 530
Percentage Method 80 (molluscs). 95
(corals). 101 (diatoms)
Periodicity of orogenesis . . 294. 295
Periodicity volcanic activity . . . 204
Perisphinctes . . . . . . . . . 70
Perisplrit~rtes WAAG . . . . . . 64
Permian 61. 73 (Neth . Timor). 76
(Port-Timor)
Permo-Carboniferous (strat.) . 61
Perno . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
PERRET.F . A . . . . . . . . . 200
PFRRIN
. R . . . . . . . . . . . 233
PERRINSMITI-I . . . . . . . . 5 1 1
Persulcates . . . . . . . . . . 7 1
PETROESCHEVSKY.
W . A . 188. 194. 20 1 .
224. 493. 503
PETTERSON.
H. (deepsea exp.) . 14
Phacoides . . . . . . . . . . 81

. . . . . . . . . 446
Philippine Basin . . . . . . . 388
Philippine Deep . . . . . 377. 386
Philippines (Philippine Islands)
1. 2. 32 (phys . structure). 60 . 142
(stratigraphy). 226 (ign . rocks).
368 a.f. (geol.)
PHILLIPS.D . W . . . . 287 (note 1)
Plros. . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Phreatic explosions . . . . . . 198
Phyllitic facies (Paleogene Borneo)
127. 128. 143 (Philippines)
Phyllocrras . . . . 76. 379. 419. 450
Physiographic divisions 15 a.f., fig.
11 o n pl . 2
PILGRIM. . . . . . . . . . . 93
Pilomasin Conca (South Sumatra) 681
Pini . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164
PINKLEY. . . . . . . . . . . 1 1 1
Pisang Tslands . . . . . . . . 153
Pithecanthropus 82. 91. 92. 98. 102.
107. 110. 11 1. 557. 566. 581. 591
Pithecanthropr~sduhilrs v . K . 110 l l l
Pithecanthropu.r erectus D u ~ o r s 82.
92. 94. 98. 99. 106. 110. 1 1 I . 576
Phanetrones

Pithecanthropr~.cirzodjokertensi.r v .

K . . . . . . . . . . . 107 1 1 1
Pitheranthropl~srohri.rtrt.r WEIDENREICH

. . . . . . . . . 107. 111

Planoglohulina
Planorbulinvlla

. . . . . . . .

77

larvata (PARKER

and JONES). . . . . . . . . 89
Plant remains and pollen . . . 102
Planrtlina . . . . . . . . . . . 164
Planulina wueller.storfi (SCHWAG E R ) . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
Plateau-sandstone facies or Formation (Borneo) . . . 127. fig . 37
Pleurostor~ielln . . . . . . . . 90
Pleuro.rtnr~~ello
alternans SCHWAGER . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
P/eurotoma gendingonen.ris MMRT
. 586
(note 1)
Pliolepidina . . . . . . . . . . 85
Plinian eruptions . . . . . . . 200
Plio-pleistocene igneous activity 119
Poenites . . . . . . . . . . . 74
Polvlepidino T A N . . . . 86. 87. 356
Poljlepidino zej~lman.ri. . . 128. 131
Po!vtrema . . . . . . . . . . 391
Pompangeo Formation 407. 410. 41 5.
433
Pompangeo Range (Central Celebes) 43. tab . 5. 407. 41 1 412 413.
440
Pongo (see Orang Utan) .
Pongo . . . . . . . . . 92.94. 1 10
PONTOPPIDAN
. . . . . . . 163. 265
Popoh Bay (Java) . . . . . . . 558
POPOV. V . J . . . . . . 294 (note 2)
Porides . . . . . . . . . . . 593
PORLEZZA. . . . . . . . . . 216
PORTMAN
. . . . . . . 707. 708. 709
Port Moresby area (East New
Guinea) . . . . . 77. 185(strat.)
Portuguese Timor 75 (Pretert.), 162
(Tert.), 521 a.f. (geol.)
Poso Depression (Central Celebes) . . . .
43. tab . 5. 403. 41 1
Poso Lake (Central Celebes) . . 41 1
Poso Zone (Central Celebes) . 43.
tab . 5. 403. 407
POSTHUMUS.
0. . . . . . . . .
5

. .

INDEX

.....

Postiljon Recfs (Flores Sen) 436. 729


POTONIL.H . . . . . . . . 1 13. 663
POTT. G . . . . . . . . . . . . I30
Praeoh'eolina . . . . . . . . . 137
Prafi Series . . . . . . . . . . 77
PRATT. . . . . . . . . . . . 370
. . . . . . 272
PRATT& HAYFORD
PRATT& SMITH . . . . . 144. 370
PR.ATTJE. . . . . . . 48 (note 2)
Prrang@ric~MART. . . . . . . . 81
Preang(u)erian . . . . . . . . 82
Primary tectogenesis (terminology) . . . . . . . . . . . 336
Probihos cijulangen.si\ . . . . . 92
Probolingo (Java) . . . . . . . 553
Prodicoe1ire.s . . . . . . . . . 7 1
P r o d u r t u . ~ . . . . . . . 62, 76 397
Proetu.~ . . . . . . . . . . .
62
Propinacoco.as . . . . . . . . 475
Protide . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1 3
Proto Australian (Early Man) . 1 1 1
Protocardia . . . . . . . . . . 64
Protoplotus heau/i)rti LAMBR
. . . 1 13
P.~eudoc.~cla1~1117inn.
. . . . . . 72
Pserrdoglantirllin(1 . . . . . . . 90
P.seudo~glnnr/~rlinaacuta LEROY . 89
Pseudotiiono/is . . . . . . . . 456
Pse1rdorno17otis cf . ochoticn . 63. 327
P.cc~ir/ot~otlosarin
tli.rcl.ela ( R ~ u s s ) 89
Pse~itiolextrilaria. . . . . .
7 1 77
P s e u t i o t e x t l i l n ~ ~ i,h.listicosa
a
( EGGER) . . . . . . . . . . . .
67
Pseutiotextlrlaria c f . :~lohlrlosa
EHRENBERG
378. 382. 384 (tab. 88)
45 3
Psilocrras . . . . . . . . . . 4 1 9
Pualaca region (Timor) . . . . 73
Puerto Galera ( Mindoro. Philippines) . . . . . . . . . . 371
Plillenia . . . . . . . . . . . 164
Pullenia brrl1oicie.c ( D ' O R B I G N Y. ) 89
Plillenialina . . . . . . . . . . 164
Pulleniatina o h l i y r ~ i l o c . ~ ~ l o(PARtn
K E R and JONES)
. 89. 151. 161, 163
Pulu Babi (Lesser Sunda Islands)
486, 487, 495
Pulubalang Beds (SE Borneo) . 134.
138, 139
Pulu Besar (near Flol-es) . . . . 495
Pulu Komba (Flores Sea) . 492, 493
Pulu L.aut ([sland) . . . . 130, 339
Pulu Laut centre of diastrophism
348 (Pre-Tertiary). 351 (Tertiary),
410 (Strait of Makassar Zone) . 429.
430, 440. 587, 730
P l l l ~ ~ i n r l l i n t.r . . . . . . . . . 39 1
Purr1 Besar (Lesser Sunda Is!.) 487. 488
Pura Ketjil o r Tcrnkite (Lesser
Sunda Isl.) . . . . . . . 487, 488
P~irpllridae . . . . . . . . . . 8 1
Purwakarta area (West Java) . . 251
(ign . rocks)
Putjanglrn Beds 93 . 96, 98 570, 574.
.579
.
Pyreneic orogencsis . . . . . . 724

? Q r i e n s t ~ d t i c e r a . .~ . . . . . . 76
Quinqrrelocrilirra . . 163. 443. 603. 604
Quinyrrelocrilino reticulata D'ORB I G N Y var . elongata LE ROY 168

RAADSHOVEN.
B . V A N & SWART.J .
304. 306. 310
C . H . V A N . . 1 15. 659. 684
RAALTEN.
RACK. G . . . . . . . . . . . 501
R n d i o c . v c l o c ~ p c ~ iTs A N. . ; 88. 605
Radiolnria(e) 64. 102. 159. 166. 174.
175 185. 384 (tab. 88). 458 475
485. 532. 603
Radiolarite Zone (Borneo) . . . 64
Radja Ampat G r o u p . . . . . 47
Raidjua (Rendjuwa) (Lesser Sunda Islands) . . . . . . . . . 533
Raidjuwa . . . . . . . . 53 155
Ragay Zone . . . . . . 35. 37 374
RAGUIN.E . . . . . . . . 232 233
Rainfall . . . . . . . . . 7. fig. 7
Rnmbatan Beds (Central Java) . 605
RAMBERG.
H . . . . . . . . 233. 234
Ramu-Markham Depression
(Eastern New Guinea) . . . . 716
Ranau. Lakc (South Sumatra) 202.
679
Randublatung Zone . . 29. 96. 584
Ranella pornotonensi.~MART. . . 8 1
Ranella sribgranosa BECK160. 161. I62
RANKAMA.
K . . . . . . . . . 234
Ratai Bay (South Sumatra) . . 668
Raung Volcano 194. fig . 56 (major
mountain slide)
RAVEN.T H. . . . . . . . 12. 301
Rawlinson Range . . . . . . . 716
R E A D H . H . . . . . . . . . . 232
R e c t o h o l i ~ina
. hifrons (BRADY)
I5 I . 163
Reeflimestones of Tjimandiri Beds
(West Java) . . . . . . . . 620
R E E R I N KJ .. . . . . . 654 (note I )

.
.
.

REGTEREN
ALTENA.V A N & BEETS623
RETCHEL.
M . . . . . . . . 137. 180
REINHARD.
M . 132. 141. 232. 233. 356
RETNHARDT
& W F N K . . . 356 371
REINHOLD.
T H. 98. 101. 159. 421
490 566 574. 575. 579
REINWARDT.
C . G . C . 190 (notc I ) .
472. 5 1 1
REITSEMA.
TJ. L . . . . 14. 105. 595
Rejuvenation (soil) . . . . . . 10
Rembang Beds (East Java) . . 586
Rembang (hilly district of) . 20. 585
Rembangian . . . . . . 81. 82. 586
RENSCH.B. . . . . . . . . . 4
RENZ. 0 . . . . . . . . . 72. 120
Renz & Kupper . . . . . . . 83
RETGERSJ . W . . . . . . . . . 435

. .

246
REYZER.J . 65. 66. 78. 148. 404 406.
408. 409. 426. 427
Rhaelina . . . . . . . . . . . 456
Rhinocero.~ 92. 94. 301. 557. 607 650
Rhinocrros kentiengirlis Drreors 92. 94
Rhinoceros sondniclrs DESMAREST
92.
94. 650

Quarles Mts (Celcbcs) 426. 428. 420 .


430. 43 1 . 440
Quartz-sandstone Formation
1 13.
120. 122. 124. 143
Qunrtcrnary . . . . . . . . . 79

Rhopalohelus exiles . . . . . .
Rl~ynchonella. . . . . . . . .
Rlr!~t~chonella
arpadico . . . . .
Rhynclronella ( A u s t r i e l l a l . . .
Rh.vnchonc~llidae D'ORB. . . . .
Richardson. J . A . 18 1.244.360.362.
Rindjani Volcano (Lombok) . .

382
76
66
456
455
363
504
552. fig .

Ringgit-Beser group (Java)


263 on PI . 32
Ringgit ~ e i i e s(Java) . . . . . 552
R I N K H . . . . . . . . . 707. 709
Rintja (Lesser Sunda Islrrnds) 496. 497
Riouw(-Lingga) Archipelngo 17. 225.
304
Ritter Volcano (1888) . . . . . 201
RITTMAN.A . 191. 194. 220. 251. 423.
444. 415
Robulina Zone (North Sumatra) 122.
fig . 35
Rohrilus . . . . . . . . . . . 163
R o h l i l ~ l sjava1711.s(KOCH)var . ~ i n r p l e x ( K o c ~ i. . . . . . . . 80
Rockefeller Foundation . . . . 109
ROESLAN
. . . . . . . . . . . 222
ROESSEL.B. . . . . . . . . .
9
ROEVEK.
W . P . D E 61. 62. 73. 74. 215.
229 . 243. 254. 316. 389. 405. 407.
511. 512. 514. 515. 517 537
ROGGEVEEN.
P . M . 71. 153. I54 . 304.
305.306.307. 308. 3 18,460.507, 508
RokatindaVolcano(see Paluweh).
Romang (errstern end inner arc
Lesser Sunda Isl.). . 52. 471. 485
Rongga plateau . . . . . . . . 638
Rook arc of SIEBERG. . . 58. 716
Roos . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Root of mountain ranges (sialic)
272 a.f.
ROOTHAAN.
H . PH. 68 . 153 377. 378
R o s ~ x s u s c ~H. . . . . . . . . 233
Rotalio 91. tab . 41. 179. 181. 182. 183.
456. 474
R o t n l i a c n t c l l j f i ~ r ~ n i.s . . . . . 181
Rotnlia conoirie.r (D'ORB.) . 162 18 1
Rotnlia eponidc.~ . . . . . . . 182
Rotalirr i t ~ r l i c n LEROY . . . . . 89
Rotalia rnarginospinoscl L-E ROY . I67
Rotolia schroeterinna . . . 181. IS2
Rotalio 5 var . spinoscr . . . . . 181
Rotalia tri.cpinota TH.\L\I
. var . . 162
Rotalia Zone (North S ~ ~ m a t r I27
a)
fig . 35
Rotalidae . . . . . . . 114 118. 383
ROTHPLETZ
. A . . . . . 105. 530. 643
Roti (Rotti) . . . . . 53 155. 530
ROUBALILT
. . . . . . . . . . 233
ROUFFAER.
G . P . . . . . . . . 644
ROWLEY R . D . . . . . . . . 371
ROY. LE 4. 89. 90. 101. 160. 161. 162.
163. 164. 167. 650
Ruk Arc (see Rook Arc) .
Rumbcrpon (Geelvink Bay)
56. 77
"Rumpfebene" . . . . . . . 11. 19
Rumu Beds (Upper Jurassic. BLIton) . . . . . . . . . . . . 419
RUTTEN.L . M . R . 4. 8. I 0 (fig. 9). 42.
60 65 67 . 68 78 83 101 126. 127

.
.

. .

. . . .

RUTTEN.MARTING . 61. 63 (note 1).


83. 88. 128. 137 (note 2). 181
(note 1). 335. 356. 361
RUTTEN& HUTZ . . . 442. 444. 445
RUTTNER.F. . . . 689. 692. 693. 694
Riehakina . . . . . . . . . . 77

Sadang Valley (SW Central Celebes) . . . . . . . 428.430. 431


Sagaranten
(West Java) . . 621 622
.
Sahul arca . . . . . . . . . . 721
Sahul Shelf 3. 4. 15 fig . 20 59 721
Saibi Beds ( w e s t o f ~ i m n t r a )' 164.
170. 174. 175
Salajar or Saleyer (Flores Sc3) . 437
Salajar System . . . . . . . . 438
Salamuku Beds (Djambi Nappe.
Sumatra) . . . . . . . . . . 664
Salo Talimbangan granite (Central Celebes) . . . . . . . . 406
Salsima layer in tectonosphere 281.
284. 285. 286. 288. 293 ("buffer
action")
Salul Beds (Simalur) . . . 172. 175
Samar arc 37. 38 (note 1). 368 a.f.,
379. 386 a.f., 388. 401. 402. 431
S a m a r - D i ~ ~ a tZone
a
. 35. 38. 45. 388
Samarinda anticlinorium (East
Borneo) . . . . . . . . 20. 352
Sambipitu Bcds (Java) . . . . . 556
Sa~nosirBlock (Toba. North Sumatra) . . . . . . . . . . . 692
Sampolnkosa Beds (Mio-Pliocene .
Buton) . . . . . . . . . . . 420
Sampung fauna . . . . . . 93. 1 1 1
SANDERS.
M . . . . . . 102. I 13. 1 14
Sandstone Zonc (North coast
West New Guinea) . . . . . 178
Sangcnng (near Sumbawa) . . . 501
Sanggar Peninsula of Sumbawa 501503
Sangihe Ridgc . . . . . . 45. 378
Saneihe-Minahasa Svstcm 47 .. 384 ..
3g5. 441
Sanrriran (domc) (Java) 108. 109 110
111. 565. 567. 575. 576
Sangkulirang area (East Borneo) 133
158. 140 .
Santa Cruz Formation (Philippines) . . . . . . . . . 145. 156
SAPPER.K . . . . . . 8. 188. 202. 717
Snracenaria iralica DEFRANCE
. . 89
Sarangan (Java) . . . . . 568. 569
Sarangbaung (Banjak Isl.) . . . 171
SARASIN.
P . & P . 1. 150. 151. 220. 435
Sarawak (NW Borneo) . 133. 142. 358
Sarawak System (NW Borneo) 730
Sareweh Beds . . . . . . . . 629
Sau River (Wetar) . . . . . . 489
Savic orogenesis . . . . . . . 724
Snwal Volcano (West Java) . . 217
(ore deposits by exhalations)
Sawu Basin . . . . . . . 506. 507
Sawu Island (Savu) (Lesscr S ~ ~ n d a
Islands) . . . . . . . . 53. 532
Scaphorrdrirlrrc . . . . . . . . 8 1
SCHAAD. . . . . . 67 68. 244. 389
N . S . . . . 294 (note 2)
SCHATSKY.
SCHEERER. . . . . . . . . . 233
SCHEEFEN.
W. . . . . . . . . 83
SCHEIBENER.
E . . . . . . . 14. 646

.
. .

.
.

SCHELECHOFF.
B . . . . . . . . 75
SCHELLE.
VAN
. . . . . . . . 494
H. G . . . . . . . . 1
SCHEPERS.
Schiefer Barisan of TOBLER. . 667
SCHILDER.
F. A . . . . . . 80. 574
Schildpad Islands 41 (Togian Islands).
48
Schist-Palelo Complex (Timor) 5 15
Schiz aster progocnsis GERTH. . 142
SCHMIDT.C . . . . . . . . 133 435
SCHMIDT.
K . G . . . . . . . . 191
SCHMIDT.W . . . . . ; . . . . 287
SCHMUTZER
. . . . . . . . . . 32 1
SCHNEIDER
. . . . . . . . . . 51 1
SCHOLLER.
H . . . . . . . . . 247
SCHOTT.G . . . . . . . . . 2. 504
SCHOUTEN.
C . . . . . . . 184. 674
Schouten Islands . . . . . 178. 180
SCHRODER.
E . E . W . G . 164. 165. 168
SCHROEDER
VAN DER KOLK.J . L . C .
444. 455. 457
SCHUBERT.
R . J . . 66. 390.475. 51 1
. . . . . . . . . . 79
SCHUCHERT
H . M . 79. 133 (note 1). 142.
SCHUPPLI.
351 . 357 586. 587 591 676

66 1. 676. 702
Schwaner Range or Mts (Borneo) 18
60.225. 226. 333. 334
SCHWINNFR
. . . . . . . . . . 707
Scleropa~ussp . . . . . . . . 113
Scorrsia . . . . . . . . . . . 81
SCRIVENOR
. J . B. 4 . 31 1. 360 . 363..364..
511. 709
Sea sediments . .
13 fig . 10. 504
Sea straits Lesser Sunda '1sLnds'
(see Fracture pattern) .
Seberuwang (Cretaceous. West
Borneo) . . . . . . . . . . 331
Sebolon ketjil (near Flores) . . 496
Sebuku (Island) . . . . . . . . 130
Secondary tectogenesis (terminologic) . . . . . . . . . . . 336
Sector-graben (see volcano-tectonic rift-structures) .
SEDERHOLM
. . . . . . . . . . 234
Sediment-petrography . . . . . 102
SEIDLITZ,W . VON . . . . . 69. 460
Seismicity . . . . . . . 3. 257 a.f.
S e k a m.~ o .
n gBlock (South Sumstra) . . . . . . . . . . . . 683
Selenka Expedition . . 91. 107 109
Sele-Womba(W New Guinca) 179. 18 1
Semangko Graben (South Sumatra) . . . . . . . . . . . 678
Semangko Zone (rift) (Sumatra) 24.
672. 677. 685. 689. 694
Sernarang-Rembang depression . 592
Semarang-Ungaran . . . . . . 108
Semeru complex . . . . . . . 551
Semeru lava 1941 . . . . . . . 196
Semeru Volcano
205 (Periodicity.
activity)
Semilir Beds (Java) . . . . . . 556
Semongkrong . . . . . . . . . 553
Semitau Subzone (zone B 2 in
West Borneo) . . . . . . . 331
Sentolo Beds . . . . . . . . . 81
Seraju depression . . . . . . . 6 10
Seraju Range (Central Java) see
South-Seraju Range and NorthSeraju Range .

Seraju River . . . . . . 9(note I )


Seran (Serang sce Ceram) .
Seria (Sarawak) . . . . . . . . 358
Sermat;~(Banda arcs) . . . . . 476
Serun (Banda arcs) . . . . . . 471
Seurula Beds (North Sumatra) . 122
SHAND. . . . . . . . . . 214. 251
Shark (teeth) . . . . . . . . . 102
SHEPHERD. . . . . . . . . . 215
"Short-circuits" in mountain
roots . . . . . 464. 465.466. 483
Siberut . . . . . . . 163 (strat.)
Sibigo limestone (Sirnalur) . 172. 175
SIEBERG.A . . . . . . . . 58. 212
SIEVERTS.
H . . . . . . . . . . 445
Sigmoilirra . . . . . . . . . . 90
Signroilinn pcrsoncita MOHLEK. 90
(note 1)
Sigugur Beds . . . . . . . . . 604
Silat facies (Paleogcne West Borneo) . . . . . . . 127. fig 37
Silurian . . . . . . . . . . . 61
. . . . . . . . . . . I37
SILVESTRI
Sima . . . . 263. 281. 283-285. 293
Simalur (Simeulue) . . 171 (strat.)
Simangaris synclinc (Norht Bornco) . . . . . . . . . . 355. 356
Simian gap (Early Man) . . . . 110
SIMON.A . . . . . . . . . . . 504
SIMONENA . . . . . . . . . . 243
SIMONS.E . L . 72. 73. 74. 159. 160.
485. 490. 511. 512. 514. 515. 523
Sinanthropus . . . . . . . 110. 111
Sin Cowe reefs . . . . . . . . 31
Singapore granites . . . . . . 237
Singkarak Lake (Central Sumatra) . . . . . . . . . . . . 665
Singkel embayment (North Sumatra) . . . . . . . . . . . 115
Singkep (Tin island) . . . . . 314
Sino-Malayan fauna . . . . . . 92
Siphocypraea caput-viperacz (MARTIN) . . . . . . . . . . 82. 646
Siphogenerinn striata (SCHWXGER)
167
Siphonalicr iclcei MART
. . . . . 105
Siphonina reticrrlcrtcr (CZJZEK). . 89
Sipura . . . . . . . 163 (strat.)
SITTER.L . U . DE 90. 119. 135. 260.
261. 352. 660. 676
Siwalik foothills . . . . . . . 727
"Skull bowls" (ancient headhunters) . . . . . . . . . . 111
Slamet Volcano (old) . . . . . 612
SLUIS.J . P . V A N D E R 72. 78. 80. 154.
442. 443. 446. 449. 450. 451. 453.
456. 465. 537. 661
SMITH.W . D . 8. 60. 142. 143. 144.

ShflT SIBINGA.G . L . 17. 60. 96. 97.


98. 100. 298. 300. 301. 441. 579.
582. 585. 636 721. 723. 731
Snellius Exped~tion . . . 14. 15. 89
Sncllius Ridge . . . . . . . . 45
Snow Mountain Range (New
Guinea) . . . . . . . . 57. 714
SOERGEL.
W . . . . . . . . 91. 460
Soil lixiviation . . . . . . . 9. 224
Soil rejuvenation . . . . . 10. 224
Soil sciencc (agrogeology) . 13. 224
Solariella ambl~'gonioto CossM A N N . . . . . . . . . . . 630
Solarirrm microdiscrts MART
. . . 105

INDEX
-

~ o l f a t a r a& fumarola 188. 198. 207


208 215
~ o l o i o nIslands . . . . . . . 73 1
Solo river terrace . . . . . . . I I I
Solor (Lesser Sunda Islands) 52 494
Solo Zone (Java) 30. 52. 547. 559.
568. 577
Somohole Beds (Lowcr Permian
of Timor) . . . . . . . . . 5 12
Sonde . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
Sonde mnrls . . . . . . . . . 573
Sonde mollusccin fhunac . . . . 82
Sondian . . . . . . . . . . . 82
Sonnebait Series (Timor) 73. 74 5 12.
514. 515. 520. 522
Sorct effect . . . . . . . . . . 28 1
Sorit Beds (Simalur) . . . 172. 175
Sorites . . . . . . . 156 ( t a b. 48)
so rite.^ n~artini . . . . 179. 180. 433
Soropati-Tclcmojo volcanic complex (Java) . . . . . . . . . 562
SOSMAN
. R B. . . . . . . . . 245
South arm of Celebes 42. 147. 148.
426 a.f. (gcol:)
South coast p l u n (Central Java) . 594
Southeast arm of Celebes 41. 148
389. 414 a.f. (geol.)
Southeast Borneo . . . . . . . 339
Southern Moluccas (see Randa
arcs).
Southern Mtr ( o f Java) 28. 30. 31.
546 554; (of West Java) 616. 622.
624 627
South Seraju Range (Central
Java) . . . . . 29. 104. 594. 602
South Sumatra 23 (note I). 114. 116.
124. 659. 672. 674
Southwest Bantam . . . . . . 633
SPARKS . . . . . . . . . . . 142
STERLING.
J . . . . 58. 71 5. 721. 722
Spermonde Arch . (Reefs uff Makassar) . . . . . . . . . . . 436
Splracroidina brrlloides (U'ORBIGNY) . . . . . . . . . . . . 162
Spi~aeroidinellrrdehisret~s( P A R K E R
and JONES). . . . . 89. 162. 163
S P I K F RE . TH. N . . . . 586 (note 2)
Spina nrcntcrlis (of Early Man) . 109
SPINKS.K . L . . . . . . . 58. 717
Spirif;.~.( A d o v a ) . . . . . . . 62
Spirifrritra D'ORB. . . . . . 450. 453
Spiriferinu c'assiarin . . . . . . 66
Spirigrra . . . . . . . . . . . 456
Spiroc~~pcrts
83. 84. 85. 86. 87. 88. 90.
112. 118. 120. 122. 131. 133. 134.
136. 137. tab . 41 143. 148. 149.
150. 154. 159. 166. 168. 169. 170.
174. 175. 176. 178. 179. 180. 184.
185. 356. 399. 420. 432. 433. 449.
460. 461. 462. 466. 474. 475. 477.
482. 494. 509. 534. 535 ( t a b. 107)
539. 604. 619. 629. 649. 653. 654
Spirorlypeus lelipoldi v . D . VLFRK 85
628. 629. 639

.
.

Spiroclj~prprrr.~leipoldi-01.hitoihus

163. 415
Spiroclype~rsnlnr,y aritatiis . 85. 475
Spiroc1,vpru.s n~argaritatris
SCHLUMR
. v i ~.r umhonnta Y . &

H . . . . . . . . . . . . . 628
Spirorlypeus orbitoicleus . . . . 391
Spirurlypeus pleurocentrolis . . . 85

Spirorljpeus tidoenganensis v .

VLERK. . . . . . . 85. 628. 629


Spiroclypeus vermicularis TAN87. 13 1.
150 (note I). I85
Spiroplectamnrina . . . . . . . 163
SPRINGER.
F . . . . . . . . . . 530
STANLEY.E . R . . 76. 77. 185. 214. 710
STAUE.R . . . . . . . . . . . 441
STAUBER.
H . . . . . . . . 12. 287
H . . . . . . . . . . 60
STAUFFER.
STEENIS.
C . G . G . J . V A N 5. 126. 696
Stegodon . . . . 9 1. 92. 107. 144. 301
Stegodon mindanense . 144 (note I )
Stegodon prarcursor . . . . . . 575
Strgodon trigonoccphalus . . . . 566

Strgodon trigonocephalus prai.rfr r.


sor v . KOEN
. . . . . . . 96. 575

. .

STEHN.CH. E . 196 I98 I99.200.201.


~ M B < ~ K O V E.
STEIGER.
H G V O N 25.

STEHN

&

. . 92. 640

. .
1 13. 122. 124.
426. 435. 662. 663. 674. 676. 686.
699. 701
STEINCALLENFELS.
VON . . . . 93
STEINMANN.
G . . . 242. 244. 245. 254
Steinnianniu . . . . . . . 446. 449
Steinmannites sp . . . . . . 63. 327
Stephanoccras . . . . . . . . . 475
Stcpl7anorc~roshlagdeni . . . . . 76
Stcplianocerns lrumphriesi . . 379. 382
Stephunocera.r larr~ellosum . . . 76
9
Stervend land (dying land) . . .
Stik-vallei (suffocating valley) . 222
STILLE.H . 264 294 295 370. 378.
441. 463. 469. 483 (note 2). 584.
723. 724
STILLE'Sorogenic phases . . . . 584
STINY.J . . . . . . . . . . . . 287
STOLL~Y
E .. 67 (note 1 ). 69. 72. 389.
406. 416. 466
Storniosphaera . . 67. 443 446. 532
Stomiosplinero moluccana WAN~ E R. . . . . 65. 69. 419.446. 450
STRAETER. . . . 402.407.411. 418
Strait of Madura (Java) . . . . 553
Strait Sape (Lesser Sunda Islands) 497
Strait Sunda dome . . . . . . 633
Strait Sunda (origin o f ) . . 633 636
Strand dams or shore bars ( N E
Sumatra) . . . . . . . . . . 702
Stratigraphy 4. 60 n.f. (Chapter [I).
table 26 (Java)
Strato-volcanoes . . . . . . . 208
STHEMME.
H . . . . . . . . . . 91
Strength (of crustal layers or
rocks) 260. 261. 276-278. 280. 283.

. . .

787
.
Streptorhynchus . . . . . . . . 397
Strcpsic1ir1.a songoensis . . . . . 105
Strombus . . . . . . . . . . . 575
Stron~bri.~isohclla LAMK
. var .
thcrsites . . . . . . 586(note I )
Stror?ihu.s madirirrrnsis MART
. . 586
(note 1)

STR~ME
VON
R REICHENBACH,
E . . 126

. . . . . . . . 537
Sturin rr~or~golira

STUTTERHEIM,
W . F. . . . . . 52
Suholveolina . . . . . . . . . 137
Sub-Barisan Depression of TOEL E R (Central Sumatra) . . . . 699
Submarine volcanoes . 204, tab . 61
Slrbulites sp . . . . . . . . . . 62

V A N . . . . . . . 494
SUCHTELEN.
S u ~ s s .E . . . . . . . . . . . 441
Suete district (Port . Timor) . . 73
526. 527
Sugi (Riouw-Lingga Arch.) . . 304
Sukabumi (West Java) . . . . 622
Sukadana basalt shield of (South
Sumatra) . . . . . . . . . . 684
Sukur or Sukun (near Flores) 495. 496
Sula Islands . . . 45. 153. 380-382
Sula Spur (STILLE) . . . . . . 378
Sulawesi (see Celebes) .
Sumatra 21 (physiography). fig . 13 o n
pl . 3. I I l a.f. (Tertidry). 659 a.f.
(regional geol.)
Sumatra Orogene . . . . . . . 668
Sumatra section (of Sunda Mountain System) . . . . . . . . 728
Suniba (Lesser Sunda Isl.) 53. 155
(Tertiary) 507-510 (geol.). 542
~ u m b a w a - ( ~ e s s ~e ru n c t ~Islands)
i
52.
501 -504
Sundo (name) . . . . . . . 644
Sundii Archipelago (name) . .
2
Sunda area 14. 15. 17 (physiography).
298 a.f. (yeol.), 324 (struct . belts).
364
Sunda complcx (West Java) 641. 643
Sunda hlountiiin System 3. 16. 48
(note 1 ) 53. fig. 91 and p . 274 (relation to isost . unom.), 388 (relation
Melanesian System); 464. 465. 467.
468. 469 (relation Central Mountain
Range New Guinea). 658 727
(synthesis)
sunha Orogene (acc . to this book)
668. 703
Sunda O r o ~ e n eof WESTERVELD
668. 703 .
Sunda shelf 3. 4 . 15. fie. 11 on VI
. . 2..
fig . 108. 225. 298 n.f.-, 323
Sungis (Aru Islands) . . . 59. 722
Suoh Basin (South Sumatra) . . 679
Suoh explosion 1933 198. 199. figs.
59
60. 679
Supiori . . . . . . . . . 77. 178
Surakarta (Java) . . . . . 554. 567
Surakarta area 557 fig . 286 pl . 34
Survaki or Pulu Pandjang (Banda
arcs) . . . . . . . . . . . . 465
Su.r strrmrrii . . . . . . . . . 92
Sus ferhcrari . . . . . . . . . 97
Swedish deepsea Expedition 194X I 1
S W E M L E. . . . . . . . . . . I - I
Sycones . . . . . . . . . . . 116
SZEMIAN.
J . . . . . . . . . . 11

Taal Volcano . . . . . . . . . I99


Tabalar (East Borneo) 132. 138. 139.
141
Tacniopteris . . . . . . . . . 62
"Tafelhoek" (Bali) . . . . . . 505
Tajandu Islands (Bandn arcs) . 466
Tail of New Guinea . . . . . 58
Taka Garlarang (Gulf of Bone) 437
fig . 181
Takolekadju Mts (Ccntral Celebes) . . . . . . . . . . . 411
Talahabia MART
. . . . . . . . 81
Talangakar-Pendopo Anticlinorium (South Sumatra) . . . . 696

INDEX

Talang Akar Beds (Central Sumatra) . . . . . . . . . . . 673


Talaud and Nanusa Islands 45. 68.
153 378
~ a l a u d - ~ a jbelt
u . . . . . 45. 378
Tambora province of Mediterranean volc . rocks . . . . . . . 219
Tambora Volcano (Sumbawa) 194.
201. 502. 503. 504
Tambolungang (Flores Sea) . . 437
TAMS.E . . . . . . . . . . . . 259
Tana Djampea (Flores Sea) . . 437
Tanahbumbu area (SE-Borneo) 139
TANAKADATE.
H . . . . . . . . 210
Tana h Roong Series (Sumba) . 507.
508
Tandjong lllipoi (Wetar) . . 488. 489
Tanggamus Volcano (South Sumatra) . . . . . . . . . . . 213
Tangkuban Prahu . . . . . . . 644
Tanimbar Group (Banda arcs) 472 a.f.
Tanimbar Islands . . . . . 50. 153
TAN'S cycloclypeus-stratigraphy . 88
TAN SIN HOK 4. 62. 65. 83. 84. 86.
102. 104. 131. 134. 136. 137. 148.
150 (note 1). 160. 177. 420. 532.
544. 595. 598. 654
Tapak Beds (Reef-limestones o n
top o f t h e ) . . . . . . . . . 606
Tapak Series (Central Java) . 606. 654
Tapir . . . . . . . . . . 94. I 1 1
Tapirus . . . . . . 92. 557 (note 3)
Tapirus indicus DESMAREST
. . 94
TAPPENBECK.
D . 72. 73. 74. 75. 88.
155. 156. 159. 162. 511 . 513-517
Tarakan (Island) . . . . . . . 141
Tatrot fauna . . . . . . . . . 93
TAVERNE.
N . J . M . 126. 198.208.220.
222. 223. 268. 660. 662. 694
Tawaelia Depression (Central Ce43. tab . 5. 404
lebes) . . .
Tawar. Lake (Atjeh. North Sumatra) . . . . . . . . . . . 677
TAYLOR. . . . . . . . . 287. 723
TEAL . . . . . . . . . . . . 281
Tea Wei Beds (Timor Permian) 74
Tectogenesis (principles o f )
287
(mono- or bicausal). 336 (terminology). 542 (Timor Nappes). 582
(Kendeng Java). 587 (Rembang.
Java). 609 a.f. (Central Java). 630633 (Bajah. Bantam). 633-637
(Strait Sunda). 641-644 (Sunda
Conlplex). 669-670 (Djambi Nappe)
686 (Central Sumatra). 698-699
(Gumai. Sumatra). 707 (Anambas
System). 723 a.f. (synthesis)
Tectonic earthquakes . . . 257 a.f.
Tectonosphere . . . . 281. 283-285
TEICHERT.C . . . 61. 62.264. 534. 721
TEICHERT
& FAIRBRIDGE
. . 499. 541
TEILHAKD
DF CHAKDIN.
P . . . . 726
Tektites . . . . . . . . . . . 567
Telaga Tihu (Wetar) . . . . . 486
Telen area (Borneo) . . 61 128. 131
Telesrooirrl~r . . . . . . . . . 8 1
Telisa Beds (Sumatra) 116. I 1 8. 121.
122 171 175
~ e m Lake
~ k (Depression South
arm Celebes) . . . 426 432. 440
Tendjolaut granodiorite (S of
Tasikmalaja. Java) . . . . . 238
Tengger Volcano (Eastern Java) 214

Tengger-Semeru complex (East


Java) . . . . 550. fig . 262 p1. 32
Tenthousand Hills (Galunggung.
Tasikmalaya) . . . . . . . . 194
Terebra insrrlinidae P J . F r s c ~72. 646
Terrbra verbrrki OOSTINGH
. 82. 646
Trrebratula . . . . . . . . 450. 456
Terebratulidae KING. . . . . . 455
Trrrbratulidue KING ex gr . DieIrsrtra . . . . . . . . . . . 455
Tercbratulina rxarata (MARTIN)606
TERMIER
. . . . . . . . . . . . 233
Terminology on tectogenesis . . 336
Ternate System . . . . . . 48. 388
Ternate Zone . . . . . . . . . 47
TERPSTRA.
H . 61. 163. 176. 178. 714.

715

576. ' 65 1
Terraces (of Solo River Java) 576. 585
Terraces bf the sumatran coast '701.
702
Tertiary 79 a.f., 103 (Java). 11 1 (Sumatra). 126 (Borneo). 142 (Philippines). 146 (Celebes). 152 (Moluccas). 155 (Lesser Sunda Islands).
162 (Islands West of Sumatra). 177
(And. & Nicobars). 177 (New
Guinea). 187 (Christmas Isl.)
TESCH.P . . . . . . . 80. 161. 511
Teun or Tijaw (Banda arcs) . . 471
TEVES.J . S. 142. 143 144. I45 (note 1).
371
Textufaria . . . . 90. 163. 416. 474
Testularia purrrcta (BRADY). . 162
T r x t ~ r l a r i n vrrtebralis CUSHMAN89
Textularidar . . . . . . . . . 379
Thais . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Thais martini OOSTINGH. . . . 646
THALMANN.
H . E . . . . . . . 83
Thanrnastraea . . . . . . . . . 494
Thrcosmilia . . . . . . . . . . 446
Therurus sumarrae LYON. . . . 94
Thermal springs . . . . . . . 216
Thickness of the Tertiary 79. 114.
122. 126-160
THIEL.P . V A N . . 77 179 183. 71 1
THIELE& BEURLEN. . . . . . 281
THOENES.D . . . . . . . . . . 421

Thurmannia (Kilianella) rorrbasrd a n a D'ORB. . . . . . . . . 64


Tibia (Rostrllaria) verbrrki MART
. 81

Tides and earthquakes . . 259. 265


Tidore (Halmaheira Group) . . 383
Tidung Lands ( N E Borneo) 132. 133
Tifore (see Maju & Tifore).
Tiga (Gunung) South Sumatra . 684
Tigapuluh Mts (Central Sumatra) 700
Tikarberak Volcano (Semangko
Zone. South Sumatra) . . . . 679
Tiltmeters . . . . . . . . . . 208
Tigres . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
Tijger Atoll (Gulf of Bone) 437: fig .
181
Timor 53. 72 a.f. (Mesozoic). 155
(Paleogene). 159 (Neogene). 229
(ign . rocks). 243 (Atlantic ign .
rocks and ophiolites). 510 a.f. (geol.)
Timor orogene . . . . . . 534 a.f.
Tin Belt (Sunda Land) . . . . 364
Tinombo Fornlation (Celebes) 65 66.
149. 390
Tinoporus . . . . . . . . . . 163

Tin ores (alluvial) . . . . . . . 318


Tioor or Teor (Banda arcs) . . 465
TIPPER.G . H . . . . . 707. 708. 709
Trssor V A N PATOT. J . W . . 570. 721
Tjerimai)
Tjareme (Tjiremai
complex (West Java) . . . . 652
Tjemorosewu rift (Java) . . . . 568
Tjiater (West .lava) 216 (jarosite).
21 7 (mineral waters)
Tjibuni (West Java) . . . . . . 622
Tjidjengkol Layers (West Java) 104.
628
~ j i d j u l a n gBeds (West Java) . . 654
Tjidjulang fauna (West Java) . 651
Tjidjurej Beds (West Java) tab . I I6
on p . 649
Tji Gugur fauna (West Java) . . 623
Tjiherang Beds (West Java) . . 651
Tjikaso (West Java) . . . . . . 622
Tjikosan area (West Java) . . . 104
Tjilaju quartz-diorite (South of
Bandung) . . . . . . . 238. 624
Tjilanang molluscan fauna (West
Java) . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Tjiletu Bay (West Java) . . . . I04
Tjiletuh Beds (West Java) . . . 618
Tjilutung drainage basin (erosion
of Java) . . . . . . . . . . 9
Tjimandiri Complex (West Java) 81.

620

~ j k a n d i r iValley (West Java) 104.


616. 622. 637
Tjimantjeuri Beds (Wesc Java) 630
633
Tjimapag Beds (West Java) . . 629
Tjiodeng Beds (West Java) . . 620
Tjipanas (Hot springs of) (West
Java) . . . . . . . . . . . 216
Tjipluk Beds (Java) . . . . 573. 606
Tjisande limestone (West Java) . 650
Tjitanduj Valley (West Java) . . 645
Tjitarate Beds (West Java) . . . 628
Tjitarutjup Layers (West Java) 104.
628
Tjitlim (Riouw-Lingga Arch.) . 304
Tjombol (Riouw-Lingga Arch.) 304
Toba area (North Sumatra) 125. 126.
212. 214. 687. 690. 693. 694
Toba cauldron (North Sumatra) 688.
691. 695
Toba. Lake (North Sumatra) . . 692
Toba tuffs 176 (note 1). 202. 212. 21 4
Tobelo Beds (Cretaceous. Buton) 41 9
TOBLEK.A . 24. 83. 1 1 1. 112. 1 13. 123.
494. 501. 661. 664. 665. 668. 670.
673. 685. 686. 696. 699. 702
TODD. J . U . . . . . . 101. 163. 164
Togian Islands (Celebes) 41. 389. 394
igeol.)
Tondo Beds (T.f.. Buton) . . . 420
TONGEREN.
W . V A N 215. 216. 237.
314. 316
Tonna . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Towuti Lake (Celebes) . . . . 415
Transformist school . . . . . . 233
Transverse fault Ungaran-Merapi
(Java) . . . . . . . . . 559. 560
TREADAWAY.
R . G . . . . . . . 75
TREUB.M . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Treweg o r Tewering(Lesser Sunda
Island) . . . . . . . . . 487.488
Triassic 63 (Borneo). 65 (Celebes)?69
(Misool. 70 (Ceram)

Triduora . . . 81, tab. 41, 141, 161


Trif(rrinu brtrrlvi C U S H M A .N . . 89
Trigonosto17ra hantonu~rr,nse
OOSTINGH. . . . . . . . . 646
Tnu.illinu howchit1i S C I ~ L U M B E R G E R
(Anurstnu.orr.illina) 83. 84, 85. 87, 89,
118, 137 tab. 41, 141, 154, 159, 170,
180, 181, 321,460, 509, 577 (note I),
598, 619, 620, 624, 629, 639
Tnu~ilohitcs. . . . . . . . . . . 725
Trilvrulinu~u. . . . . . . . . . 443
Trinil fauna . . . . . 92: 110, 111
Trinil (locality) . . . . i08, 109. 110
Tritonulia banuitanrensis (MARTIN)646
Tnu.ochanu?7111inuro
. . . . . . . . . 90
Trocholinu PAALZOW. . . . . 65
Tr~~hliolepiriinu~rr
85, 86, 87, 88, 606. 621
Tr,~.hliolc~pidina
rutteni v. D. VLERK85,
180 594, 603, 605
TrS.hliolepidina r r ~ t i r ~ if.i stell~rtr
SCHEFFEN. . . . . . . . . 606
Tuangku (Banjak Isl.) . . . . . 171
Tuff conglomerate Zone (North
Sumatra) . . . .
122, fig. 123
Tuff flows . . . . . . . . . . 194
TufTsandstonc zone (North Su122, fig. 35 on p. 123
matra)
Tukang Besi Islands 42.423 a.f. (gcol.)
Turi stage (Rcmbang. East Jnva) 586
T U R N E R. . . . . . . . . . . 259
Tunu.ritclla arnugnuikuta acuticorinatrr 82,
646
Trrrrirclltr anguluta angul~ttr . . 82
Tnunurr.it~Ila angutatu l)rrnu~:ar~~cnu~.sis
82,
616
T ~ r r i t e l l anng~nuln/u eranu~~nren.~is
. 82,
620, 621
Tnun.ritella anurglrluta-tjicrnu~~~pei~~~zsis
82
Turircllu buntanu~rensisMARTIN
565, 630
Trnurrircllu cmnmrct~sisMARTIN62 1, 657
Tnununu~ritrllasuhnurlarri MART. 82, 83. 646
Trirritelltr tiir~it~rpnicnsis
MARTIN630
Tuscchen~andstcen(see Intervening Sandstone).
T U Y NJ., V A N 208, 298, 299, 323, 363,
659
T w s s . . . . . . . . 122, 123, 701

UBAGETS,J.
G . H. 126, 128, 129, 130,
131, 132, 134, 135, 139, 140, 351
Udjungbatu (Banjak Isl.) . . . 171
Udjungkulon peninsula . . . . 633
Ukenao (Banda arcs) . . . . . 476
Uluan block (Toba, North Sum a t r a ) . . . . . . . . . . . 692
Uliassers (see Amboina Group).
Ultra-basic and basic rocks (ophiolites) 62 (Dnnau form.), 65 (Memtus range), 67-68 (Cclebes). 72
(Ceram), 74-76 (Timot.), 150 (Celebes)
Ulu-Aer fault (DURHAM'S)
. 24, 685
U F ~ ~ B C R OJ.V H.
E , F. 4, 41, 54, 60,
83, 88, 89, 95, 96, 78, 79, 80, 103,
108, 112, 129, 130, 135, 138, 140,
147, 149, 154, 155, 161, 162, 212,
244, 260, 269, 274, 275, 278, 280,
287, 300, 318, 323, 378, 389. 393,
394, 402, 409, 419, 420, 421, 426,
436, 438, 441, 447, 449, 453, 460,

165, 467, 472, 482, 494, 507, 574,


606, 613, 636, 640, 650, 651, 656,
661, 666, 701, 721. 723
Umbilin urea (Central Sumatra) 120,
665
Umbilin Nappc (Central Sumatra) 667
Umbili river section . 1 I3 (fig. 30)
Una Unn Volcclno . . 41, 389, 393
Undation theory
. . . . 281 a.f.
Ungarnn area (Central Java) . . 251
( i g n e o ~ ~rocks)
s
Ungaran Volcano (Ce!~fralJava) 212,
214. 611
Unio . . . . . . . . . . 575. 578
Up!,er Bcnt~mgHcds (Wcst Java) 621
~ E p c r~ j n m b j. . . . . . .
664
Upper. Djampang Series (Wcst
Java) . . . . . . . . . 61 0. 620
Upper Kulibeng Beds (Enst Javn) 573,
577. 579
Upper Palembang Beds (South
Su~nalra) . . . .
97. 118 a.f.
Uppcr Tertiary : I I I ~ Quaternary 108
(Java and Mrdura), 114 (Sumatra),
133 (Borneo), 143 (Philippines), 149
(Celebes), 154 (Miscol), 157 (Lesser
Sunda Islands), 162 (Islands West
of Sumatra), 177 (And. Pr Nic.),
178 (New Guinea), 186 (East New
Guinea)
Upper Tjidjengkol Hctls (West
Java) . . . . . . . . . . . 628
Ur.~nurs . . . . . . . . . . . 92
Uvigrrinu . . . . . . . . . . 163
Uvi,~erinn e~.ci.ssicostam S r t i v ~ ~ 89
G E R . . . . . . . . . . . .
U~i~:.m.inujavanu KOCH . . . . 87

V(r,eit~;rlinahrnrlyi C U S I I M A N
. . 89
V,ZLK,W. 61, 89, 72, 78, 442, 444,
445, 449, 450
Variscic folding . . . . . . . . 724
Vrisnurrl~ trr~~hinellus
(L.) . . . . . 533
VATTER,E . . . . . . . . . 52, 492
VFEN,A. L. W. E. V A N D E R 164, 168,
169, 504
Vegetation (and denudation) . . I I
VENTMA. . . . . . . . . . . 51 1
Vrxluc MEINESZ.
F. A. 4, 32, 221,
212. 245. 255. 260. 261. 265. 268.

444,
465.
487,
510.
637,

449, 451. 456, 457, 458, 460,


466, 470, 471, 472, 474, 476,
489, 491, 494, 501, 503, 507,
511, 531, 533, 576, 619, 636,
663, 701, 721
\ ' E R B ~ ~ Ken F C I \ Y ~ M103,
A 104, 105,
321, 545, 546, 595
Vcl beelc Mts (per~dotite)6S, 414, 415,
430. 43 1, 440

VERSLUYS. . . . . . . . . . 460
li~rtc~hi.rrric/
. . . . . . . . . . 62
Vertebrate strcitigraphy of the
Neogene and Quaternary . . 91
VIALOW,0. S. . . 294, 362, 725, 727
Vicrrrvo . . . . . . . . . . . 142
Vicurj,n rollasa J E N K I ~
81,
S 134, 142,
143, 557, 658 (note I)
17carj.u vcrt~elnuillictrllosa (JENK.) 82,
646
Vigo Formation (Philippines) 143.
144, 146
VINASSA
DE R E G N ~73
. (note I), 51 1 .
537
Viscosity (types volc. activity) . 201
Viscosity (of crutal layers or
rocks). . . 260, 261, 276-278, 283
Viscous drag (by convection
currents) . . . . . . . . 26 1, 278
Vrssc~,S. W. 5, 258, 259, 265. 2'96,
297
Viviprrrrr . . . . . . . . . . 575
VLERK,J. M. V , I N DER, 4, 80, 83. 8 7 .
88, 103, 108, 114. 120. 131, 132.
135, 136, 137. 138, 140. 148. 113.
180, 181 (note i ) , 303, 389. -114,
419. 420, 501, 586 (note I )
VLEIIK,V A N D E R & DOZY 38'9, 390,
401. 407, 408, 415, 416, 426
VLETTTR,
DE . . . . . . . . .
89
VOGEL. . . . . . . . . 72 (note I)
Vogelkop Peninsula (New Guinea)
56 (phys.), 77 (Mesoz.), 712
(regional geol.)
VOGLER,1.. . . . . . . . . . 69
Volu y~rinq~nurco.s/cnuta
. . . . . . 64
Volcanic activity (shift of) (see
also former volc. act.) 490,491
(Lesscr Sunda Islands)
62-63
Volcanic activity (former)
(pretzrtiary Borneo), 124 a.f. (Sumatra), 127 (Tertiary Borneo). 134135 (idern), 144-~147 (Philippines),
147-151 (Tertiary Celebes), 160
(Timor), 170 (Nins), 173 (Simalur),
176 (Isl. MJcst of Sumatra), 184
( W New Guinea), 186 (E New
Guinea), 187 (Christnin: Island),
224 (111 R, volc;rnism and geological evolution)
Volcanic activity (types o f ) . . . 198
Vclcanic breccias (lahars) . . . 191
Volcanic calamities . . . . . . 112
Volcanic collapse forms (cc~ldcras) . . . . . . . . 2 10, tab. 66
Volcanic cycles (see also volcanic
activity)
124 3.f. (Sumatra). 221
(general), 497-500 (extinction inner
arc Lesscr Sunda Islands)
Volcanic dangers (diagnostic criteria of impending) . . . . . 223
Volcanic earthquakes . . . 265-268
Volcanic energy . . . . . . . 224
Volcanic fissures . . . . . . . 220
Volcanic Formation (Celebes) . 66
Volcanic forms(types of) . . . . 208
Volcanic inner arcs . . . . . . 219
Volcanic inner arc Timor orogenc 541
Volcanic magnetism. . . . . . 297
Volcanic mountain slides . . . 194
Volc~inicrents (see volcano tectonic rift structures).
Volcanic rows and groups. . . 219

INDEX

Volcanic soils . . . . . . . . 224


Volcanic sound vibrations . . . 126
Volcanism (active) 3. 188 (Ch:lptcr
ILIA). 222 (social aspects). 224 (cconomic importance). 224 (scientilic
research)
201
Volcanism and climate . . .
Volcanism and density o f popuiation . . . . . . . . . . 224
Volcanism in time and space 225 . ~ ..f
Volcanoes (list of) . . . . . . 188
Volcanological observation posts 222
Volcanological Survey of the
Netherlands Indies . . . . 3. 221
Volcano profile . . . 191. fig. 52
Volcano-tectonic depressions (see
volcano-tectonic subsidence
structures) .
Volcano-tectonic hollow forms . 21 1
Volcano-tectonic protuberances 208
\'olcano-tectonic rift structures 21 1
Volc~ino-tectonic subsidence
structures 212. tab . 120 o n p . 684
Vol~rtu gcndinganetui.~ MART. . 586
(note 1)
Vol~~rilirhes
ickei . . . . . . . 105
VOLZ . . . . 2 1. 689. 690. 691. 692
VOORTHUYZEN.
J . H . V A N 73. 156.
159. 511. 512
Vor-Barisan (Sumat1.n). . . . . 664
VORSTMAN.
A . . . . . . . 102. 105
LRTUGDE.L . M . H . 270. 582. 584.
586 . 588. 589. 592
VROMAN. . . . . . . . . . . 89
VUAGVAT.
M . . . . . . . . . 245
F~'lrlr~~rlii~cr
cforrro~~rio
BOOMG.
\ART
89

Wadiok Man . . . . . . . . . 1 1 1
WAGNER.P . A . . .
344 (note 2 - 3 )
WAHL,W . . . 233. 281. 295 (note l )
Waigeo iIsland) . . . . 47. 153. 383
Waipoga area ( W New Guinea) 77
IVuisir~fhjrincr. . . . . . . . . 102
Walanae Depression (Scuth arm
Celebes) . . . . . . . 432 a.f.
WALLACE.
A . R . . . . . 4 352
Wa1l:ice's line . . . . . . 4. fig . 5
Wanaripalu Mts(Centra1 Celebes)
41 1. 440
WANDEL.J . . . . . 65. 66. 69. 450
Wani Beds (Palcogcne. Buton) . 420
WANNER.
J . 4. 63. 65. 66. 67. 69. 72.
73. 74 . 75. 102. 133. 151. 153. 154.
355. 380 394. 419. 413. 444. 445.
446. (note 1) 449. 450. 451. 460.
507. 510. 511 512. 513 518. 521.
530. 532. 533. 537
W.A K Y E K & H.xI-IN . . 586 (note 2)
WANSERRL JAWORSKI
. . . . . 466
Warenai area . . . . . . . . . 77
WASHIKCTON
H . S. . . . . 707: 709

WASTL L . . . . . . . . . . . 702
WAI.ASE. . . . . . . . . . . 645
Water content of (brown)coal . 98
WATLRSCHOOT
V A N D E R GRACHT,
W . V A N . . 203.404.406. 425. 427
Watu;ilnng (Java) . . . . . 567. 576
Watubela (Bands arcs) . . . 465
U7arvoni(i) (Buton Archip.). . . 419
WAYLAND
VUGHAN.
T . . . . 90
Webcr Deep . . . 49. 465. 484. 498
W E R L RFR. 69. 70. 72. 78. 79. 102.
162. 29.8, 441. 449. 460. 465 467.
473 512. 514
Wcber's line . . . . . . 4. fig . 5
WEGTNER.
A . 277. 287. 301. 441.
545. 721. 723
WEGFNER'Shypothesis of continenla1 drift . . . . . . . . 721
WEGMAYN.
C . E. . . . 242.278. 282
. 107. 110. 1 1 1
WEIDENREICH.
FR.
WELTER. . . . . . . . . . . 511
W E N K. . . . . . . . . 132. 141
WERTH~IM
G.. . . . . . . . . 465
WESSEM
. A . va rv. . . . . . 304. 310
WEST. F . P . V A N 73 . 75 159. 511.
512. 515. 517. 518. 519
West Borneo
225. 326 a.f. (geol.)
West Ceram . . . . . . 442 a.f.
West coast Pliocene. Krui (South
Sumatra) . . . . . . . . . . 116
West Cordilleras (Zone of) . . 35
Western Divide Mts (South arm
Celebes) . . . . . . . 432. 729
WESTERVELD.
J . 114. 115. 116. 117.
119. 124. 194. 202. 212. 215. 220.
237. 238. 316. 317. 318. 323. 324.
659. 660. 668. 674. 684. 685. 689.
691. 692. 693. 695. 696. 697. 703
West Java . . . . . . . . 616. 657
West-Progo Beds . . . . . . . 598
West-Progo molluscan fauna . . 81
West-Progo Mts (Ccntral Java) 594.
595. 59s
Westralia geosynclinc . . . . . 534
Wetar Basin . . . . . . . 506. 507
Wctar (Lesser Sunda Isl.) 52. 240.
485. 486
WHITF J . T H. . . . . 14. 300 637
WICIIMANN.
A . 160. 220. 257. 320.
377. 426. 435. 437. 451 . 465. 471.
472 . 491. 493 . 494. 504 . 51 1 . 530.
533
WIECHFRT.
E . . . . . . . . . 223
WILCKENS.0. . . . . . . . 445
Wrr.nE. E . DE . . . . . . . 318
WILHELV
. . . . . . . 3 14. 3 15. 3 16
Wilis complex (Java) . . . . . 570
E . S . . . . . 360. 363
WILLBOURN.
WILLEMS.
H . W . V . 61. 213. 214. 344.
389. 405 407 423
WILLIS(BAILEY.
see BAILEY
WILLIS)
.
IVilsorria sp . . . . . . . . . . 62
Wind ilireition . . . . . 6. fig. 6
WING EASTON.N . 64. 127. 326. 332.
689. 690: 691

Winto Beds (Triassic of Buton) 419


WISSEMA.
G . G . . . . 80. 161. 177
WISSFR.E . . . . . . . 372 (note 1)
WITKAMP.
H . 19. 128.. 134. 137.. 155..
253, 334, 335. '352. 402. 408. 409.
507. 508. 622
Wobudu Breccias (North arm Celebes) . . . . . . . . . . . 391
~ V O L F FF.. v . . . . . . . . 188. 457
WOLTJER
. . . . . . . . . . . 215
Wonogiri (J.lva) . . . . . . . 557
Wonosari Basin (Java) . . 557. 558
Wonosari Beds (Java) . . . . . 557
Wonotjolo stage (Rembang. East
Java) . . . . . . . . . . . 586
WOOLLEY.J . B . . . . . . . . . 178
WRIGHT.J . R . . . . . . . . . 216
WURFFBAIN
. . . . . . . . . . 466
WYLLIE.B. K . U . 178. 155. 710. 717

Y
YABE.H . & ASANO.K . . . 89. 645
YABE. H . & HANZAWA.
S. 83. 131.
142. 143. 144. 371
"Young andesite" Formation . 715
I J Z C R ~ I AR
N.. . . 447. 710. 71 1. 714

Znmboanga Formation (Philippincs) . . . . . . . 144. 146. 227


Z a n d b ~ ~ iAtoll
s
. . . . . . . . 436
Zaphrcntis . . . . . . . . . . 76
Zaphr.entis herrictri . . . . . . 533
Z F U N F RF. . E . . . . . . . . .
I
ZEYLMXNS
V A N EMXIICIIO\~EN.
C.
P . A . 60-65.126.127.128.129.130~
131. 132. 133. 134. 215. 225. 236.
303. 304. 318. 324. 326. 327. 329.
330. 331. 332. 333. 334. 341. 372
(note 2)
ZEYLSIANS
V A K FMMICHOVEN
&
T E R BRI!G(;EN 326. 327 (note 1).
329. 330 (note I)
Z E Y L ~ ~ AVN
A NS E M ~ I I C H O V &
EN
L J ~ A G H.S . . . . . . . 326. 421
ZIEGLER.K . . . . . . . . . 106
Zigzag Series (Philippines) . 145. 146
Zoilcl caput vicipera~n~~risin~ilir
MART. . . . . . . . . . . . 81
ZOLLINGEK
. H . . . . . 194. 201. 503
ZONNE\JELD.
J . 1. S . . . . . . . 300
Zugnlaj~erin. . . . . . . . . . 456
Zwarte Klei (see Black Clay).
ZWIERZYCKI.
J . 58 62. 76. 77. 91.
101. 112. 122. 123. 154. 171. 177.
178. 183. 210. 298. 304. 316. 318.
639. 659. 660. 661. 664. 665. 665.
669. 670. 684. 694. 701. 710. 711.
713: 714