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Academy of Technology

Question Bank
IC Engine & Gas Turbine

(ME 601)
Discipline: ME
Course: B-Tech
Semester: 6th
Faculty: Dr. A. Kundu and Dr. P.K. Pal
For Institute Use Only

GROUP-A
Multiple type questions
1. Commonly used injection system in automobile is a) air injection b) solid injection c) combination of
(a) and (b) d) none of these.
2. The ratio of brake power to indicated power of an I.C.Engine is called a) mechanical efficiency b)
thermal efficiency c) volumetric efficiency d) relative efficiency.
3. For same compression ratio a) thermal efficiency of Otto cycle is less than that of Diesel cycle b)
thermal efficiency of Otto cycle is greater than that of Diesel cycle c) thermal efficiency of Otto
cycle is same as that of Diesel cycle d) thermal efficiency of Otto cycle cannot be predicted.
4. Anti-knock property of C.I.engine fuel can be improved by adding a) tetraethyl lead b) trimethyl
pentane c) amyl nitrate d) hexadecane.
5. For economy (minimum fuel consumption), the air-fuel ratio for petrol engine is of the order of a)
9:1 b) 12:1 c) 16:1 d) 18:1.
6. Supercharging of I.C.engine is essential for a) marine engine b) aircraft engine c) stationary engine
d) none of these.
7. Advantages of reciprocating IC engines over steam turbine is a) mechanical simplicity b) improved
plant efficiency c) lower average temperature d) all of the above.
8. Compression ratio in Diesel engines is of the order of a) 5-7 b) 7-10 c) 10-12 d) 14-20.
9. Thermal efficiency of C.I engine is higher than that of S.I.engine due to a) fuel used b) higher
compression ratio c) constant pressure heat addition d) none of the above.
10. Main advantage of a two-stroke engine over four-stroke engine is a) more uniform torque on the
crankshaft b) more power output for the cylinder of same dimensions c) absence of valves d) all of
the above.
11. With dissociation peak temperature is obtained a) at the stoichiometric air-fuel ratio b) when the
mixture is slightly lean c) when the mixture is slightly rich d) none of the above.
12. With dissociation the exhaust gas temperature a) decreases b) increases c) no effect d) increases upto
certain air-fuel ratio and then decreases
13. Fuel-air ratio affects maximum power output of the engine due to a) higher specific heats b)
chemical equilibrium losses c) both (a) and (b) d) none of the above.
14. For a compression process with variable specific heat the peak temperature and pressure are a) lower
b) higher c) no effect
15. The intake charge in a Diesel engine consists of a) air alone b) air + lubricating oil c) air + fuel d) air
+ fuel + lubricating oil.
16. In SI engines maximum flame speed is obtained when the equivalence ratio is between a) 1.1 and
1.2 b) 1.0 and 1.1 c) 1.2 and 1.3 d) less than 1
17. Increasing the compression ratio in SI engines the knocking tendency a) decreases b) increases c) not
effected d) none of the above
18. Desirable characteristics of the combustion chamber for SI engines to avoid knock is a) small bore b)
short ratio of flame path to bore c) absence of hot surfaces in the last region of the charge d) all of the
above.
19. The advantages of the indirect injection combustion chambers are a) low injection pressure b)
direction of spray is not critical c) both (a) and (b) d) good cold starting performance

(IES-1999) 26. Consider the following statements: In order to prevent detonation in a spark ignition engine. 33. 35. 37. AOT 20. Volumetric efficiency of supercharged engine is a) between 90 – 100% b) between 80 – 90% c) between 100 – 110% d) between 70 – 80%. The mechanical efficiency of the engine is a) 90% b) 80% c) 45.5% d) 52.Department of Mechanical engineering. 34. Lean air mixture is required during a) idling b) starting c) accelerating d) cruising. 38. Consider the following statements: 1. a) both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A c) A is true but R is false d) A is false but R is true. 28.2 & 3 b) only 1 & 2 c) only 2 & 3 d) only 1 & 3. Low density 3. the commonly used firing order is a) 1-2-3-4 b) 3-4-1-2 c) 1-3-42 d) 4-3-2-1 21. The choke is closed when the engine is a) accelerating b) hot c) cold d) idling. 39. the brake power was 9 kW whereas the brake powers of individual cylinders with spark cut were 4. 22. Which of the statements given below is/are correct? a) only 1 b) only 2 c) only 3 d) 1. Low temperature 2. Supercharging air compressor is driven by a) exhaust gas turbine b) engine itself c) separate electrical motor d) none of the above. If N is the rpm. Volumetric efficiency is a measure of a) speed of the engine b) power of the engine c) breathing capacity of the engine d) pressure rise in the cylinder. Stoichiometric air-fuel ratio of petrol is roughly a) 50:1 b) 25:1 c) 15:1 d) 1:1 36. the charge away from the spark plug should have 1. Assertion (A): The CI engine is basically more suitable for supercharging than the SI engine. During starting petrol engines require a) stoichiometric mixture b) lean mixture c) rich mixture d) any air-fuel ratio is alright.75kW respectively. Mechanical efficiency is ratio of a) fp to bp b) fp to ip c) bp to ip d) ip to fp. (IES-2006) 24. number of power strokes per minute in a four-stroke engine is a) 2N b) N/2 c) N d) 4N.2 & 3. A Kundu . spark ignition engine.(IES-2000) 41.25 kW and 3.(IES-1995) 42. 31. 29. In SI engines no problem are encountered on accounts of preignition 3. The delay period in CI engine depends upon which of the following? a) temperature and pressure in the cylinder at the time of injection b) nature of the fuel mixture strength c) relative velocity between the fuel injection and air turbulence pressure of residual gases d) all of the above. Low inlet pressure and temperature reduce knocking tendency in SI engines but increases the knocking tendency in CI engines. 2-stroke. Battery ignition system a) occupies more space b) has more maintenance problem c) is commonly employed in four wheelers d) all of the above. Long ignition delay. Venturi in the carburetor results in a) decrease of air velocity b) increase of air velocity c) decrease of fuel flow d) increase of manifold vacuum. Reason (R): As the pressure difference over the jet of a simple carburetor increases the weight of petrol discharge increases at a greater rate than does the air supply. Supercharging increases the power output of the engine by a) increasing the charge temperature b) increasing the charge pressure c) increasing the speed of the engine d) quantity of fuel admitted. Which of the statements given below are correct? A)1. 40. 23. (IES-1995) 2 prepared by Dr. In the SI engines detonation occurs near the end of combustion whereas in CI engines knocking occurs near the beginning of combustion 2. a) both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A c) A is true but R is false d) A is false but R is true. In a Morse test a 2-cylinder. 30. The volumetric efficiency of a well designed engine is in the range a) 30 to 40% b) 40 to 60% c) 60 to 70% d) 75 to 90% 32. For a four cylinder vertical engine.(IES-2006) 27. Reason (R): In the CI engine supercharging tends to prevent Diesel knocking. For engine operating with rich mixtures the optimum spark timing a) must be advanced b) must be retarded c) must be at TDC d) none of the above. (IES-2007) 25. it is meant that the fuel has a) higher heating value b) higher flash point c) lower volatility d) longer ignition delay. Thermal efficiency varies a) inversely as sfc b) directly as sfc c) as square as sfc d) as root as sfc. By higher octane number of SI fuel.5%. Assertion (A): A simple carburetor which is set to give a correct mixture at low air speeds will give a progressively rich mixture as the air speed is increased.

Reason (R): Pre-chamber engines have higher compression pressures.(IES-1997) 49. L head. A Kundu . 52. 55. Gudgeon pin forms the link between a) piston and big end of the connecting rod b) piston and small end of the connecting rod c) connecting rod and crank d) big end and small end.bp. 3 prepared by Dr. AOT 43.Department of Mechanical engineering. 63. If L is the stroke and N is the rpm. a) both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A c) A is true but R is false d) A is false but R is true. F head d) F head. The method of determination of indicated power of multicylinder SI engine is by the use of a) Morse test b) prony brake test c) Heat balance test (IES-1995). Assertion (A): The CI engine is basically more suitable for supercharging than the SI engine. a) both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A c) A is true but R is false d) A is false but R is true. I head. (IES-1995) 44. In a reciprocating engine with a cylinder diameter of D and stroke of L. 58. 59. (IES-1995) 45. Detonation in a SI engine occurs due to the a) pre-ignition of the charge before the spark b) sudden ignition of the charge before the spark c) auto ignition of the charge after the spark d) none of these. T head. Reason (R): In the CI engine supercharging tends to prevent Diesel knocking. in order to attain high mechanical efficiency without knocking. Assertion (A): Pre-chamber Diesel engines use higher injection pressure when compared to open combustion chamber engines. In a four-stroke IC engine cam shaft rotates at a) same speed as crankshaft b) twice the speed of crankshaft c) half the speed of crankshaft d) none of these. The two reference fuels used for cetane rating are a) cetane and isooctane b) cetane and tetraethyl lead c) cetane and n-heptane d) cetane and α– methyl naphthalene. 60. Relative efficiency is the ratio of a) actual thermal efficiency / mechanical efficiency b) actual thermal efficiency / air standard efficiency c) air standard efficiency / actual thermal efficiency d) mechanical efficiency / actual thermal efficiency. 51.(IES1997) 48. I head b) T head. 53.(IES-1996) 47. 46. L head. Equivalence ratio is a) actual fuel-air ratio / Stoichiometric fuel-air ratio b) Stoichiometric fuel-air ratio / actual fuel-air ratio c) Stoichiometric fuel-air ratio / actual air-fuel ratio d) actual air-fuel ratio / Stoichiometric fuel-air ratio. 62. a) both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A c) A is true but R is false d) A is false but R is true. 54. Supercharging or turbo charging increases the power output of the engine by a) increasing the charge temperature b) increasing the charge mass by increasing the density c) increasing the speed of the engine d) none of these. 57. 56. a) both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A c) A is true but R is false d) A is false but R is true. Practical IC engine works on a) closed cycle b) Carnot cycle c) open cycle d) Rankine cycle.clearance volume c) ( π / 4)D2L + clearance volume d) ( π / 4)D2L ÷ clearance volume. Reason (R): The delay period in CI combustion affect rate of pressure rise and hence knocking. Transfer port is used in case of a) SI engine b) CI engine c) two-stroke engine d) four-stroke engine. mean piston speed of two-stroke engine is a) LN b) LN/2 c) 2LN d) none of these. Assertion (A): One of the important requirements of carburetor is the supply of lean mixtures at starting. Knocking in the SI engine decreases in which one of the following orders of combustion chamber design a) F head. 61. Reason (R): A rather lean mixture is required at no-load and low-load operation of a SI engine. Brake specific fuel consumption is defined as a) fuel consumption per hour b) fuel consumption per km c) fuel consumption per bp d) fuel consumption per brake power hour. F head c) I head. Assertion (A): A very high compression ratio is favoured for a CI engine.(IES-2000) 50. Frictional power is given by a) fp = ip + bp b) fp = ip / bp c) fp = ip x bp d) fp = ip . The range of volumetric efficiency of a Diesel engine is a) 65-75% b) 75-85% c) 85-90% d) 90-95%. Disadvantages of reciprocating IC engine are a) vibration b) use of fossil fuels c) balancing problems d) all of these. Thead. the cylinder volume is a) ( π / 4)D2L x clearance volume b) ( π / 4)D2L .

Explain the effect of fuel viscosity on diesel engine performance. In turbochargers compressor is a) electrically driven b) exhaust GT driven c) driven by the engine itself d) none of these. The most perfect method of scavenging is a) cross scavenging b) uniflow scavenging c) loop scavenging d) reverse flow scavenging. is a) Otto cycle b) Joule cycle c) Rankine cycle d) Stirling cycle. Decrease in air-fuel ratio in SI engines results in a) increase of NO x b) decrease of CO and UBHC c) increase of CO and UBHC d) both (a) and (c). engine fuels? 10. Ignition quality of Diesel engine is indicated by its a) octane number b) cetane number c) flash point d) fire point. 12. 74. 69.Department of Mechanical engineering. The principal surfaces requiring lubrication in an IC engine are a) cylinder head b) crank case c) inlet and exhaust manifold d) all of these. Distinguish between Octane number and Cetane number. and C. State the importance of fuel-air cycles. A Kundu . 80. What do you mean by ON of 85 and CN of 75? What is HUCR? 13.C. 66.I. 76. For the same compression ratio and heat rejection a) η Otto > ηDual > ηDiesel b) ηOtto < ηDual < ηDiesel c) ηOtto > ηDiesel > ηDual d) ηDiesel > ηOtto > ηDual. The thermodynamic cycle on which gasoline engine works. 65. 72. The theoretically correct mixture of air and petrol is a) 10:1 b) 15:1 c) 20:1 d) 25:1. engine can operate on an air-fuel ratio of even 50:1? 2. 71. Cetane number is the measure of a) antiknock quality of Diesel fuel b) antiknock quality of gasoline c) auto-ignition temperature d) calorific value of fuel. 67. The air and fuel ratio of the petrol engine is controlled by a) carburetor b) injector c) governor d) none of these. What are their significances in rating of S. 77. Advantages of fuel injection in SI engine is a) low maintenance cost b) low initial cost c) increased volumetric efficiency d) low pollution. 73. What is Performance number? What is its significance? 4 prepared by Dr. Detonation in SI engine occurs due to a) pre-ignition of the charge before the spark b) sudden ignition of the charge before the spark c) auto ignition of the charge after the spark d) none of these. What is dissociation? How does it affect the power and temperature at different fuel-air mixture strength? 6. How the thermal efficiency depends on fuel air mixture strength? 5. State the factors which should taken into considerations while making fuel-air calculations. What is the significance of ASTM distillation curve? 9. What is the difference between air-standard cycles and fuel-air cycles? 3. What is volatility? Why volatility is an important quality of S. 78. What qualities are desired in fuels to inhibit detonation? 11. engine fails to operate if the air-fuel ratio is more than 20:1 while a C. Knocking takes place in CI engines a) at the start of combustion b) at the end of combustion c) during combustion d) none of these. 4. engine fuels? 7. the working cycle is completed in a) one revolution of the crank shaft b) two revolution of the crank shaft c) three revolution of the crank shaft d) four revolution of the crank shaft. Brayton cycle is used in a) SI engine b) CI engine c) steam engine d) gas turbine. What are the desirable properties of good I.I. AOT 64. In a four stroke engine.I. The choke is closed when the engine is a) cruising b) hot c) idling d) cold. A petrol engine has compression ratio from a) 6 to 10 b) 10 to 15 c) 15 to 25 d) 25 to 40. Explain why a S. 79. 70. GROUP-B (Short answer type questions) 1.I. engine fuels? 8.I. 68. 75.

I. (iv) engine speed and (v) distance of flame travel. engines. engine. 45. The air is initially at 1 bar and 300 K. The fuel specific gravity is 0. Abnormal combustion knock produced by surface ignition in S. 41. Justify. 23. (iii) Detonation.75. engine. Why the inlet valve be kept open for a few degree of crank angles even when the piston is on the compression stroke? 32.I.I. Discuss the influence of ignition delay on combustion process in S. Explain the terms and differences:(i) Pre-ignition.C. Justify. engine. Discuss the working principle of a simple two stroke cycle petrol engine with neat diagram.I. Justify. Discuss the basic requirements of a good S. 26. 29. 19. Why retarding of spark timing in S. 40. b) A simple jet carburetor is required to supply 5 kg of air and 0. a) Briefly explain the following: i) Time loss factor ii) Heat loss factor iii) Exhaust blow down factor. 17. (iii) compression ratio. engine is limited by the detonation characteristics of the fuel. 22. What are the essential requirements to be fulfilled by a fuel injection system for C.I. engine reduces detonation? 21. (iv) self ignition temperature. 27. (iii) mass of charge. engine? 35. Discuss the effect of engine variables on ignition lag. 18. engine combustion chamber. Supercharging is preferred in diesel engine than petrol engine.I. Compare it with S. (ii) mixture inlet temperature. 31. 25. Explain the phenomenon of knock in C. On what basis are S. What are the requirements of an ignition system for an I.I.5 kg fuel per minute. What is petrol injection? State the advantages and limitations of petrol injection. Explain various factors that influence the flame speed. What is the difference between ignition timing and firing order? 36. (iii) inlet pressure. 43.C. 33. The higher compression ratio that can be used in an S.p. engines under extreme cold climate. Discuss the effect of different engine parameters on engine friction: (i) cylinder size/number. and C. 42. Explain briefly the essential features of a good commercial carburettor for automotive engines. 44. How is it related to the power output of the engine? How is it affected by the speed of the engine and altitude? 34. 38.m. (v) engine speed.I. engines to create turbulence in the mixture? Explain its effect on power output and thermal efficiency of the engine.I. State the functions of an ignition coil and a condenser in the battery ignition system of a multicylinder S.I. engines is more harmful than normal combustion knock. Calculate the throat diameter of the 5 prepared by Dr. engines.I engine tend to reduce knocking in C. Justify with reference to the following influencing factors: (i) compression ratio. Why does rate of pressure rise during combustion is limited to a certain value? 30. (vi) engine r. How its indicator diagram differs from that of a four stroke cycle engine? (Long answer type Questions) 1. Discuss the effect on reducing the possibility of detonation of following variables: (i) compression ratio. With the help of a neat sketch explain the working principle of a simple carburettor. What is supercharging? Explain why supercharging is essential in aircraft engines? 39. engine fuels compared when they are better than iso-octane in anti knock characteristics? 24.Department of Mechanical engineering. Define volumetric efficiency of an I. Auto ignition is the cause of detonation. How does the mixture composition in the combustion chamber of a C.I. engine knock. (ii) Auto-ignition. (v) lag of ignition. 15. 37.I. engine differ that of a S. (ii) inlet temperature. Explain Diesel Knock briefly. (iv) engine load. AOT 14.I.I. engine? 28. What are the different methods used in C.I.I. What are the factors that limit the compression ratio that can be used in petrol engines? 16. Justify. A Kundu . Discuss on the aids used for starting C. (ii) piston rings. 20. The factors that tend to increase detonation in S. engine? What is the most common injection system used in a multi-cylinder diesel engine? Describe.

The volumetric efficiency is 80%. 7. The ratio of pressure rise at constant volume is 4. Explain the phenomenon of knock in CI engines and compare it with SI engine knock.engine. difference in tension on either side of the brake pulley = 40 kg.I. a) A four-stroke. calculate a) brake thermal efficiency b) indicated thermal efficiency c) indicated mean effective pressure and d) brake specific fuel consumption. c) Discuss the important qualities of S.Department of Mechanical engineering. Show with the help of p-V diagram.4. 2.000137T) kJ/KgK. Assume mean brake effective pressure and mean piston speed are 1 bar and 10 m/s.engine? c) An Otto cycle engine having a clearance volume of 250 c.2 kg/min. calorific value of fuel is 44000 kJ/kg. C df = 0.I. displacement volume. and C. the pressure and temperature at the beginning of a compression stroke being 1 bar and 60 oC respectively. with the help of p-V diagram. b) Explain the effect of various engine variables on SI engine knock. b) The air-fuel ratio of a Diesel engine is 29:1. If the mechanical efficiency is 80%. speed of the engine = 1600 rpm.717 kJ/KgK. b) Explain the phenomenon of dissociation. Take calorific value of the fuel as 42000 kJ/kg. The calorific value of the fuel is 44.C. when the specific heat at constant volume increases by 1. 3. stroke and bore of the engine. Assume that the combustion begins at the top dead center and takes place at constant pressure. 12. A six cylinder 4S oil engine operates on A/F ratio = 20. where T is the temperature in Kelvin.I.4%. The diameter and stroke of the cylinder are 100 mm and 140 mm respectively.287 kJ/kgK and Cv = (0. The following details were noted in a test on a four-cylinder. AOT choke for a flow velocity of 100 m/s. (i) determine the maximum amount of fuel that can be injected in each cylinder per second. c) What is angle of advance? Why is it necessary with the ignition system? d) What do you understand by ‘Scavenging effect’? Explain with a suitable sketch any one of the scavenging processes 6.5.000 KJ/Kg. a) What is dissociation? How does it affect power developed by the engine? Explain with the help of a p-V diagram the loss due to variation of specific heats in an Otto cycle. If the pressure drop across the fuel metering orifice is 0. Explain with figures various types of combustion chambers used in SI and CI engines. b) What is delay period and what are the factors that affect the delay period? 10. Find brake power. 27oC. b) What is the difference between knocking phenomenon of S. find work done per cycle and the theoretical mean effective pressure. 4. If the compression ratio is 16:1 and the temperature at the end of compression is 900 K.8 of that of the choke. Compare this value with that of constant specific heat Cv = 0. calculate orifice diameter assuming. a) What will be the percentage change in efficiency of an Otto cycle having a compression ratio of 8.engine? d) What do you mean by scavenging effect? Explain with a suitable sketch. R = 0. find at what cylinder volume the combustion is complete? Express this volume as a percentage of stroke. a) Explain the working of a magneto ignition system with the help of neat sketch. a) Bring out clearly the process of combustion in CI engines and also explain the various stages of combustion. if the index of compression is 1. four-cylinder automotive engine develops 150 Nm brake torque at 3000 rpm. diameter = 100 mm. Show.c. b) What do you understand by ignition timing? Discuss the various factors which effect ignition timing requirements. b) What are the factors which effect the delay period? C) What are the limitations of supercharging in an I.000028T) kJ/kgK. Velocity coefficient is 0.engine fuels . effect of dissociation in Otto cycle. brake circumference is 300 cm. The conditions of air at the beginning of compression are 1 bar. Briefly explain the centrifugal advance mechanism 13. 11.709+0.32 and the specific heat at constant volume of the products of combustion is given by Cv = ( 0. Determine the maximum temperature and pressure in the cylinder. any one of the scavenging processes. four-stroke engine. 8. If the initial pressure is 1 bar. a) Explain briefly the stages of combustion in an S. Why spark advance is required? Explain. A Kundu . fuel consumption = 0.I. a) Explain the phenomenon of dissociation. effect of dissociation in Otto cycle. 14. 5. 6 prepared by Dr.8.638 + 0. stroke = 120 mm. 9. a) What is meant by abnormal combustion? Explain the phenomena of knock in SI engines. has a compression ratio of 8.6 and γ = 1. b) The compression ratio of an engine working on an Otto cycle is 8 and the air/fuel ratio is 15:1.

000 kJ/Kg. AOT (ii) if the engine speed is 1500 r.62. The turbine and the compressor efficiencies are each 80%.67. c) A four-stroke four-cylinder Diesel engine running at 2000 r. The pressure ratio is 6.78 and it has a lower calorific value of 44.25 and the maximum temperature is 800 0C. Time of 100 c. 112 and 116 N respectively. air pressure during injection is 40 bar. The volumetric efficiency of the engine at this speed is 80%. A four stroke four-cylinder spark-ignition engine having a bore of 100 mm and stroke of 120 mm and running at 3000 rpm has a carburetor venturi with a 35 mm throat diameter. the coefficient of discharge of air flow is 0. 15.6 bar respectively. Speed of engine 2400 rpm. Determine the depression at the throat and the diameter of the fuel jet of a simple carburetor.75.c. the bsfc.7.p. A Kundu . A petrol engine develops 8 kW brake power having brake thermal efficiency of 30% when working at the full-load condition.Department of Mechanical engineering. The bore of each cylinder id 95 mm and stroke is 120 mm.1 MPa. b) What are the advantages and limitations of supercharging in an IC engine? c) Explain briefly the stages of combustion in a CI engine. a) A gas turbine plant operates on the Brayton cycle and the air at the inlet is at 27 oC and 0. four stroke Diesel engine having 150 mm bore and 200 mm stroke which develops a brake power of 73.3 sec. The calorific value of the fuel is 44. b) What are the advantages and limitations of supercharging in an IC engine? c) Fuel supplied to an SI engine has a calorific value 42.013 bar and 300 K. It runs at 3000 rpm and is tested at this speed against a brake which has a torque arm of 0.5. Diesel consumption = 19. b) Explain with neat sketch the battery ignition system. 16.35 m. The specific gravity of petrol is 0. Determine the venturi throat diameter of the carburetor to provide an air/fuel ratio of 15:1. Assume that the compression follows the law pV1. 3. The pressure in the cylinder at 30% and 70% of the compression stroke are 1.8 m3/kg. a) Compute the brake mean effective pressure of a four cylinder. Coefficient of discharge.m. Assume the following data: Cda = 0. determine the diameter of the fuel orifice.82. Brake thermal efficiency is 30% and calorific value of fuel is 42 MJ / kg.7. a) What is ‘petrol injection’? Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of petrol injection system over the carburetor system.9. The carburetor fitted on this engine has a single jet of 2. Cdf = 0. A four cylinder SI engine has a bore of 60 mm and a stroke of 85 mm. 18. a) What are the different stages of combustion in a CI engine? b) Explain the effects of compression ratio and engine speed on the first stage of combustion in a CI engine.. a) Explain with figures various types of combustion chambers used in SI engines. the ip. The specific gravity of the fuel used is 0. 20.5 mm 2 and the nozzle lip is 8 mm.013 bar and 25 0C respectively. Why is spark advance required? c) What is scavenging process? Explain with a suitable sketch. The engine has a 100 mm bore and L /D ratio is 1. b) Find the mean piston speed of a Diesel engine running at 1500 rpm.3 bar and 2. If the relative efficiency of the engine compared with the air standard efficiency is 50%. any one of the scavenging processes. Density of air 7 prepared by Dr. va (at NTP) = 0. air-fuel ratio = 15:1 and mechanical efficiency = 0. develops 60 kW. 110. Engine has a bore of 120 mm and stroke of 100 mm.000 kJ /kg.831 gm / c. The ambient pressure and temperature are 1. Orifice diameter = 30 mm.m. Take air density = 1.c. The top of the jet is 5 mm above the petrol level in the float chamber. Find the following: i) the compressor work per kg of air ii) the turbine work per kg of air iii) the heat supplied per kg of air iv) the cycle efficiency v) the turbine exhaust temperature. 2. and the imep. Cf = 0. 4 with the corresponding brake loads of 114. Calculate i) fuel consumption (kg /s) ii) air consumption (kg /s) iii) indicated thermal efficiency iv) volumetric efficiency v) brake mean effective pressure vi) mean piston speed. A 6 cylinder Diesel engine operates on 4-stroke cycle. The suction conditions of the engine are 1. calculate the fuel consumption in kg / kWh. Find the compression ratio. The coefficient of discharge for fuel flow is 0. Cd = 0.6 litre/hr. the mechanical efficiency. and fuel injection is carried out for 20o crank angle. 19. 17.15 kg / m3. the bmep.6 Kw at 1200 rpm.8. injection pressure is 150 bar. Calculate for this speed the bp. Take ρf = 860 kg/m3. A morse test is carried out and the cylinders are cut out in the order 1.3 = constant. ρf = 750 kg/m3. The air/fuel ratio is 15. 23. 21. The net brake load is 160 N and the fuel consumption is 6.000 KJ/kg.p. Fuel density = 0. 22. the brake thermal efficiency.

The fuel consumption of the engine is 2. engine running at 650 r. estimate the volume of fuel injected per cycle and the diameter of the orifice. = 300 mm. It has a volumetric efficiency of 82% at 3000 r.p.12 kg/m3. mean effective pressure in the cylinder = 10 bar.8 and has an isentropic efficiency of 75%.p. 1.c. AOT = 1. determine: (i) Fuel consumption in kg/hr.I. with stroke equal to bore. 26. 25. 8 prepared by Dr.m.p. If injection pressure is 150 bar and the combustion chamber pressure is 32 bar. The engine is supercharged to a pressure ratio of 1.8.6 by a supercharger of adiabatic efficiency 70% and mechanical efficiency of 90%. and cylinder volume contains volume of charge equal to the swept volume. 24. H2 = 16% Throat diameter of the choke = 42 mm Volumetric efficiency at 300 r. Brake load = 56 kg. atmospheric density = 1.m.P. The inlet pressure is 730 mm of mercury absolute and the mixture temperature is 52oC.17kg / m3.88. referred to free air conditions of 1. b) Explain the knocking phenomena in SI and CI engines and discuss the factors which reduce knocking. determine the indicated thermal efficiency and brake power. The compressor is coupled to main shaft of the engine which supplies power to it. Take Cd=0. 27. Assuming that A/F ratio remains unchanged and I.. The volumetric efficiency of each cylinder is equal to 76%. (ii) The air velocity through the tube. Fuel injection in a single cylinder 4S cycle C. iii) volumetric efficiency iv) brake mean effective pressure v) brake specific fuel consumption. Rope diameter = 20 mm. with an air-fuel ratio of 15. This engine is supercharged by a rotary compressor which develops a pressure ratio of 1.p.2 kg/hr and the fuel used has a sp.Department of Mechanical engineering. A Kundu . = 75% (at 0oC.350 kg/kWh and mechanical efficiency 85%.875. is proportional to inlet density. Given that the calorific value of fuel = 42 MJ/kg. develops 13 kW per m3 of free air induced per minute.013 bar) Pressure depression = 0. The following data refer to an eight cylinder 4S petrol engine: Bore = 110 mm Stroke = 110 mm Composition of the fuel used = C = 84%.m. A four cylinder 4S S. mechanical efficiency = 80%. calculate the power required to run the supercharger. takes place through single orifice nozzle and occupies 28 o of crank travel. Calculate the following: i) brake power ii) brake thermal efficiency if calorific value of Diesel is 43000 kJ / kg.12 bar Tempearture at throat = 15oC Characteristics gas constant: for Air = 287 J/kgK for fuel vapour = 97 J/kgK If chemically correct air-fuel ratio is supplied. Manometric water head = 197 mm. An unsupercharged petrol engine develops 735 kW with air fuel ratio 12.013 bar and 25oC. 28. The bsfc is 0.m.I. Estimate the increase in brake power due to supercharging. The engine operates at a speed of 4800 r. engine has a compression ratio of 8 and bore of 100 mm. gravity of 0. Brake drum dia. A 4S diesel engine having a capacity of 3600 c. Assume mechanical efficiency 80% and air intake to the cylinder to be at the pressure equal to the delivery pressure from compressor and temperature equal to 4 oC less than the delivery temperature from the compressor.

82 bar. [10] 8. hydrogen 5%. Calculate i) air –standard efficiency. iv) the peak temperature and pressure of the cycle. A gas engine having a cylinder 250 mm bore and 450 mm stroke has a volumetric efficiency of 80%. Also. [5] 6. [10] 4. A carburetor with float chamber vented to atmosphere is tested in a laboratory without air cleaner. [5] 11. Determine the weight of stoichiometric air required per kg of fuel for complete combustion. [10] 13. sulphur 0.K. iii) the mean effective pressure of the cycle. A Kundu . [5] 5. ii) the necessary rate of heat addition. Why are two strokes diesel engines.5% by weight and the remainder is nitrogen. The ratio of maximum to minimum temperature is 6. A four-cylinder. Calculate i) indicated power ii) mechanical efficiency iii) air consumption per hour iv) indicated thermal efficiency v) brake thermal efficiency.88. With air flow at the atmospheric conditions to remain unchanged at 250 kg/h. the percent theoretical air and the percentage composition of fuel on a mass basis. Specific gravity of the fuel may be taken as 0. four-stroke Diesel engine develops 100 KW at 3500 rpm. The additional pressure drop due to air cleaner is 0. four-stroke Otto engine has a compression ratio of 10. AOT Academy of Technology Question Bank IC Engine & Gas Turbine (ME 601) Discipline: ME Course: B-Tech Semester: 6th Faculty: Dr. The engine develops 138 KW at 5000 rpm. [8] 12. Find out the optimum compression ratio for the maximum work output of the cycle. calorific value of fuel 21000 KJ per m3 at NTP. P. If the compression ratio is 5:1. what is the heat value of the mixture per working stroke per m3 of total cylinder volume? [5] 2. Calculate the quantity of fuel to be injected per cycle per cylinder. Explain the advantages and limitations of air cooling system. An Otto cycle takes in air at 300 K. where T1 and T3 are the lower and upper limits of absolute temperature respectively. [10] 9 prepared by Dr. Its brake specific fuel consumption is 180 gm per KWh. for large power. O2 = 4%. The same carburetor is once again tested with air cleaner fitted on to it. The heating value of the fuel is 42000 kJ / kg.6 kW. [5] 9.5%. prove that the intermediate temperatures for this condition are: T2 = T4 = (T1T3)1 / 2 [10] 7. A 2. CO = 0. Its fuel consumption is 180 kg / h and works with an air – fuel ratio of 20: 1. Pal For Institute Use Only GROUP C 1. Kundu and Dr. and the rest N2. estimate the percentage of dry products of combustion by weight and by volume. oxygen 2%. What do you understand by pumping losses during gas exchange? Explain with the help of a p-V diagram. The throat pressure measured is 0. A hydrocarbon fuel has the following composition of dry products of combustion by volume: CO 2 = 12%. A. Air-gas ratio equals 9:1.04 bar. What will be the effect of throttling and speed on pumping losses? [5] 10. A two-stroke CI engine develops a brake power of 368 KW while its frictional power is 73. Assuming same air flow in both cases and constant coefficient of flow determine i) throat pressure with air cleaner fitted ii) the air fuel ratio with air cleaner fitted. Show that the compression ratio for the maximum work in an Otto cycle is given by r = (T3/T1)1/[2(γ-1)]. six-cylinder. The engine is run on economy mode with an air-fuel ratio of 16 at 1 bar. Determine the air-fuel ratio.7 litre cubic capacity. more common than two stroke petrol engines? [4] 3. If the actual supply of air is 25 % in excess of this. The analysis of a fuel is found to be carbon 86%. Briefly discuss the various factors which affect the ignition timing. Calculate the heat supplied to the engine per working cycle.Department of Mechanical engineering.

stroke = 210 mm. 100 mm bore. [10] 16. 125 mm stroke when it develops a torque of 490 Nm. diameter of cylinder = 180 mm.8 kW at certain speed. A Diesel engine has a brake thermal efficiency of 30%. what will be the mechanical efficiency at half load and quarter load. air-fuel ratio = 16:1. Calculate its mechanical efficiency. [2] 19. [6] 25. A petrol engine uses a fuel of calorific value of 42000 kJ / kg and has a specific gravity of 0. The brake thermal efficiency is 24% and mechanical efficiency is 80%. thermal efficiency of the engine decreases. It requires 7. calculate i) volume of the fuel consumed per second ii) indicated thermal efficiency. Explain the effect of the following factors on the performance of an SI engine: i) compression ratio ii) air-fuel ratio iii) spark timing iv) engine speed v) mass of inducted charge and vi) heat losses.36 kW to overcome the friction and to rotate the engine without load at the same speed. [6] 10 prepared by Dr. if the specific heat at constant volume increases by 10 percent. two-stroke engine. Prove that with the increase in temperature inside the engine cylinder.3. net calorific value of the fuel = 44 MJ / kg. thermal efficiency is 30%. What is the effect of mixture strength on thermal efficiency at a given compression ratio? [4] 23. Compute the bmep of a four-cylinder.Assume ρa = 1.I. Assume that the mechanical losses remain constant.I. [5] 17. [5] 15. State the various factors those affect the combustion in C.Department of Mechanical engineering.75. Refer to the figure above.I. Engine works on a four-stroke cycle. [5] 18. for variable specific heat of the gas or charge. [5] 24. [6] 22. If the engine develops a brake power of 29. The requirement of air motion and swirl in a C. Assuming a volumetric efficiency of 75%. engines.44 kW. estimate the probable indicated power of a four-cylinder petrol engine. If the calorific value of the fuel is 42000 kJ / kg. Find its brake specific fuel consumption. AOT 14. given the following data. A Kundu . engine. Explain. speed = 1000 rpm. A certain engine at full load delivers a brake power of 36. engine combustion chamber is more rigorous than in a S. what is the angle of overlap? What effect on volumetric efficiency would expect if the angle of overlap is increased leaving intake opening unaltered? [8] 21. [5] F Fi 20. Determine the effect of percentage change in the efficiency of Otto cycle having a compression ratio of 8.