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Barriers of Communications

Barriers of Communications

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Published by umarzakria

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Published by: umarzakria on May 20, 2010
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Barriers to Communication

Q: Write a note on Psychological barriers to Communication? Introduction: Communication is a process by which you convey your message to someone or a group of people. In other words Communication is the exchange of ideas, opinions and information through written or spoken words, symbols or actions. The communication process begins with the
sender who encodes an idea that is sent in oral, written, visual or in some other form to the receiver. The receiver decodes the message and gains an understanding of what the sender wants to communicate. This in turn may result in some change or action.

Communication is an important part of our world today. The ability to communicate affectively is considered a prized quality. But people in the world are not alike. These differences, however, can cause problems in sending/receiving messages. Simply these are the hurdles in the way of communication and anything which blocks the meaning of a communication is a barrier to communication. Barriers to effective communication could cause roadblocks in your professional and personal life and it could be one of the major hurdles in achieving your professional goals. Types of Barriers A few barriers of effective communication in an organization are given below. 1. Psychological Barriers 2. Semantic Barriers 3. Physical Barriers.

Semantic barriers are the barriers that are related with the words. Words, of course, are symbols, and therefore limited because they cannot have precisely the same meaning for everyone. Since words can mean different things, their different meanings may block communication. The study of word choice is called Semantics, and the kind of block that arise from word choice are called Semantic blocks. e.g. the difference between inexpensive and cheap. Cheap has a more negative impression or aura associated with it.

Another major barrier of communication in a workplace is the physical barrier. Physical barriers in an organization include large working areas that are physically separated from others. Other distractions that could cause a physical barrier in an organization are the environment, background noise. Communication does not consist of words alone. Your ideas, however good

Barriers to Communication
and however skillfully imparted, are at the mercy of various potential physical barriers. Unclear photocopies, unreadable print out or messy corrections are typical examples of physical barriers.

Psychological Barriers: The psychological barriers are those which are involved with some human psychology due to which it can become hurdle in the way of communication and the communication can be distorted. 90 % of the total barriers to communication are psychological barriers. Psychological barriers can be further classified into

a. Emotional Barriers b. Perceptual Barriers c. Selectivity

a. Emotional Barriers:

Emotions are basically state of feelings in mind. Your emotions could be a barrier to communication if you are engrossed in your emotions for some reason. In such cases, you tend to have trouble listening to others or understanding the message conveyed to you. e.g. Giving the first major presentation on your job may affect communication. Similarly extreme happiness makes person speechless.

b. Perceptual Barriers:

Communication involves perception and perception is never precise. People perceives things differently. Given precisely the same data, people see, interpret, or respond to them differently. Another perceptual problem is when people fill-in information without checking its accuracy. Similarly sometimes people perception is based on their own experiences e,g If a company receives annual report, an accountant may concentrate only

Barriers to Communication
on one footnote in the financial statement and a public relations officer may respond only to the quality of brochure itself.

c. Selectivity:

A final set of psychological barrier exists because of competition for people’s time and attention i.e. selectivity barrier. We are bombarded with information sources such as newspapers, magazines, radio and television etc so we cannot absorb all this information flowing our way so we must screen it selectively. One factor in the way people select is timing. Some messages that maybe effective at one time might be blocked or even detrimental at another time. e.g. a letter of condolence sent out immediately after the event is more effective than one sent later.

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