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Unit A: Interactions and Ecosystems

Name:

Section 1: Relationships in Environments


1.1: Ecosystems
Ecosystems: Any place on earth where ___________________ things
___________________ with ________________________________ things
o Ecosystems can be as _______________ as an ocean or as
______________ as a rotting log
Living things are called ______________ factors
o non-living things are called ________________ factors

Species
Many different ___________________ live in the same ecosystem
Living things of the same species may _______________________
o Eg. A pug and a beagle are members of the ______________
__________________, they can reproduce to make a puggle
o a deer and a moose are members of ___________________
_______________, they cannot reproduce

Population

Unit A: Interactions and Ecosystems

Name:

Section 1: Relationships in Environments


When a number of individuals of the ___________ ______________live
together in the same area it is called a ________________________
o Eg. __________________________
o The ____________________ is one ___________, the
_______________________ is a _____________ of ants living
together in an anthill

Community
All of the __________________ of different species living together in an
area is called a _____________________
o Eg. A _____________ has a school of fish (____________________)
a group of ______________ (population) a group of shrimp

Unit A: Interactions and Ecosystems

Name:

Section 1: Relationships in Environments


(population) and one turtle (______________) together the whole
pond is a ________________________

An _____________________ is where all of the living (biotic) and non


living (abiotic) things in a ____________________ interact.

1.2: Needs of Living Things

Unit A: Interactions and Ecosystems

Name:

Section 1: Relationships in Environments


All living things have _______________

________________ that must be

met in order to ensure their survival.


Living things choose to live in ___________________________ that meet
these five basic needs for ___________________.
All living things are suited to different ____________________ because
they have different ________________ that they must meet

The five basic needs of life are:


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Food provides _______________ for your body in the form of fats, proteins,
_________________, and minerals. You need nutrients to grow and
______________.

1.3: Interactions among Living Things

Unit A: Interactions and Ecosystems

Name:

Section 1: Relationships in Environments


___________________ is when different things live ________________
where one or both ___________________ from the relationship.
Three types of symbiotic relationships are:
o
o
o

Relationship

Organism One

Organism Two

Benefited, harmed, or
unaffected

Benefited, harmed, or
unaffected

Example
relationship

Commensalism

Mutualism

Parasitism

_______________________ is the way that organisms _________________


to a changing environment.
Only the ______________

__________________ organism can live and

_____________________ in a specific environment

Unit A: Interactions and Ecosystems

Name:

Section 1: Relationships in Environments


Organisms with the best ____________will pass these on to their
________________ resulting in a _____________ adaptation

1.4: Human Impacts on Environment


Humans produce a lot of ________________
_________________________ has created ___________________ that are
less environmentally friendly
o Many of the things that we throw away cannot be ________________
down in the environment (materials like ___________________)
_______________________ is a great way for humans to
_________________ their impact on the environment

Sanitary Landfills
In the past humans used _______________ to collect all of their _________
but this caused many environmental ________________
Today these kinds of materials are placed in ___________________
_____________________
__________________ landfills reduce the ________________ waste has on
the surrounding environment

Leachate

Unit A: Interactions and Ecosystems

Name:

Section 1: Relationships in Environments


When rain ______________ runs through a landfill it carries all of the
______________ chemical from the waste into water _______________
o This is known as __________________
In sanitary landfills ________________ is limited or ________________ by
lining the landfill with _____________ that water cannot run through
Sanitary landfills are also ________________ on top to stop the spread of
________________
o This _________________ all of the ______________ chemicals to a
much smaller area and _____________ the negative ______________
on the environment