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A. Choose the most appropriate option.

1. Which of the following air pollutants is formed due to the incomplete burning of fuels?
a. Carbon monoxide b. Sulphur dioxide c. Nitrogen oxides d. Dust and soot
2. Which of the following fuels burns completely and contains no sulphur?
a. Diesel b. Petrol c. Coal d. CNG
3. Air pollution cannot be controlled by
a. building high chimneys in factories and industries
b. using other sources of energy like wind energy, solar energy and tidal energy
c. using smokeless fuels that emit fewer toxins like LPG and CNG
d. cutting down more trees in the forests and in parks
4. Which of the following methods is not used in waterworks to purify water?
a. sedimentation b. decantation c. coagulation d. boiling
5. Which of the following does not contribute to water pollution?
a. The domestic wastewater generated due to household activities
b. The fertilisers, pesticides and insecticides that are washed into ponds, rivers and lakes
c. The wastewater generated from industries and factories
d. Collecting the rainwater and ensuring that the water table is maintained
B. Fill in the blanks.
1. Acid rain is due to the ____________ present in the rain.
2. Scientists believe that excess _______________ in the atmosphere leads to the
______________ effect.
3. A combination of smoke and fog result in the formation of ____________.
4. A cids like ____________ acid and __________ acid are present in acid rain.
5. The chemical ___________ is used to destroy germs in the water.
C. Complete the following chemical reactions.

+ O2 + 2 H2O

(Sulphuric acid)


+ O2 + 2H2O

(Nitric acid)

D. Answer the following.

1. How can air pollution be prevented or reduced?
2. How can water be made safe for drinking?
3. What is algal bloom?
4. How can water be conserved?