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Micro Vickers Hardness tester Vexus MHV-1000Z Series Instruction Manual Instruction Manual of Micro Vickers Hardness tester Vexu MHV-1000Z series Contents 1. Principles and Application, 1.1 Vickers Hardness. 1.2 Knoop Hardness of Metals 1.3 Conversing the Hardness and Strength of Metals. 2 3 3 2, Deseription....ccccccccsccssssssssssssssssseeeeeeeninssstssssssnnsnnseneseeeseeeeenusssssssnd 2.1, Instrument Appearance. 4 2.2 Technical Standards Executed on the Instrument. 5 2.3 Basic Technical Parameters. 3. Instrument Controlling System 3.1 Power Supply. 3.2 Controlling Circuit Board. 3.3 Interface Circuit Board..... 3.4 LCD and Panel Keyboard. 4, Preparations... seseeeeeetetes 4.1 Packaging and Transportation... 4.2 Case Opening and Installation... 4.3 Use Environment. 5. Operations... cestsessessnneneneennnsssssnnnsnnnneeeeeennssesssees 5.1 Turning On and Offthe Instrument. 10 5.2 Specimen Preparation. 10 5.3 Focusing and Illuminance Regulation, 10 5.4 Setting the Dwell Time. u 5.5 Load Selection... WW 5.6 Selecting the Scale aM 5.7 Selecting the Objective Len: . an 5.8 Identify the Location of the Image Plane... a 5.9 Loading, 5.10 Measuring. 5.11 Data Storing. : 5.12 Using the Fixture. sesseeeeeeeeestitttiiissssssessnnnennses 13 5.13 Indentation Center...ccccccccssssssssssssssssssseeeestsssssstsssssssssssnsnseeeeeseeeeseeeees D3 6. Repair and Maintenance. 14 6.1 Routine Repair and Maintenance. 14 6.2 Troubleshooting 14 6.3 Attentions. 16 Appendix 1 “SET” Menu Functions. 17 Appendix 2 Report Print Formats, 18 Appendix 3 Hardness Conversion Table (G81172-74). 19 Instruction Manual of Micro Vickers Hardness tester Vexu MHV-1000Z series 1. Principles and Application 1.1 Vickers Hardness 1.1.1 Test Principles The micro-hardness HV is the residue indentation on the specimen surface pressed into by a diamond indenter of ortho-tetragonal pyramid with a relative two-face angle of 136°under the action of certain slight test pressure (load) of F<9. 8N, after a specified holding time and unloading. Its surface area is A. Then HV=F/A, as shown on the figure: The Specimen Surface The residue indentation could be considered as an ortho-tetragonal pyramid, it has a square base with a diagonal of d and the same face angle as the indenter. When the test force is expressed by kg-force: f Pxsint3e (22), 8544x 5 (ket /mm?) When the test force is expressed by Newton jy= Lg Q 102X208 in136" 29 19915 E (¥/ant) Because the base of the indentation is not square in general, d in the formula takes the ditde d= 2 Given the test force F, then HV could be found out by measuring D1 and D2. The device implementing the micro-hardness test is called as the micro-hardness tester. The past non-digital instrument could only measure D1 and D2, and the last digit is an estimated value, so the accuracy is low, the hardness value depends upon the artificial averaging of D1 and D2 first, then it is found out from the table. The modem digital instrument could measure HV= average value of D1 and D2 D1 and D2 directly in the digital form, and then it is averaged by the computer, for calculating HV and conducting the further data processing, so that various needs are satisfied, At the same time, the whole process of the micro-hardness test is digitally controlled to achieve high efficiency and accuracy. 1.1.2 Requirements of Metal’s HV Test on Specimen 1. The specimen surface must have the metallic luster. Its surface roughness should be no larger than 0.2, Instruction Manual of Micro Vickers Hardness tester Vexu MHV-1000Z series 2. The minimum thickness of the specimen should be larger than 1.5 times of the indentation diagonal length, for copper, aluminum and other soft metals, and it should be larger than 3 times, 1.1.3 Features and Application of Metal’s HV Test Features: Direct loading: It could be used as the working basis; due to the small loading force, the thin sample or the coating layer with a certain thickness could be tested also; for materials with homogeneous quality, the size of the loading force doesn’t change its hardness value greatly; the hardness testing range is wide Small indentation: Itis only tens of micro-meter, for the metallic specimen, it could be considered as the non-destructive detection. At the same time, multi-point measurement could be conducted within a small scope. The hardness of small parts, thin parts, brittle and hard parts, and phase impurities, plated layer etc. that other methods are unable to measure could be measured. Application: Itis used widely for the hardness testing of metallic materials and components. Especially for the testing of the hardened layer of the metallic parts and components after the heat treatment, the micro-hardness test method is the unique hardness testing method that couldn’t be substituted. 1.2 Knoop Hardness of Metals 1.2.1 Test Principle The Knoop hardness HK is to use a diamond conic indenter with the radius angle of 172°30" and the cross angle of 136°for pressing into the specimen surface under a certain load F, through a specified holding time and after the unloading, the long diagonal of its residue indentation is measured, then HK is: When the test force is expressed by kg-force: HK=14. 23 FE (ket/mu? ) When the test force is expressed by Newton: HK=0. 102x14, 23x-5 = As shown on the figure: 451-5 (N/m) Instruction Manual of Micro Vickers Hardness tester Vexu MHV-1000Z series 1.2.2 Requirements of Metal’s Knoop Hardness on Specimen 1. The specimen surface must be finely fabricated and have the metallic luster. Its surface roughness must be no larger than 0.2. 2. The minimum thickness of the specimen should be larger than 1/3 of the indentation’s long diagonal 1.3 Conversing the Hardness and Strength of Metals The conversion of Vickers hardness HV of metals with other hardness could refer to the following standard: 1. Conversion value of ferrous metal’s hardness and strength (GB1172-74, refer to appendix 3 for details) 2. Conversion value of aluminum alloy’s hardness and strength (GBn166- 82) 3. Conversion value of copper alloy’s hardness and strength (GB3771-83) Using the above conversion, the relationship of the measured micro-hardness HV between other hardness could be determined easily, for determining the corresponding characteristics of the specimen Instruction Manual of Micro Vickers Hardness tester Vexu MHV-1000Z series 2. Description With the new development of the modem electronic technology and machining and manufacturing technologies, especially the change with each passing day and the wide application of the microprocessor technology, it digital intellectual micro-hardness tester is developed and manufactured to measure both HV and HK hardness within one machine. Thus, it can be used not only as the Vickers hardness tester, but also as the Knoop hardness tester. 2.1 Instrument Appearance 2.1.1 Front View 1. Main body 2. Panel 3. Up/Down shaft 4. XY motion platform 5. Converter (STAGE) 40X, 20X objective lens and indenter 6. Eyepiece 7. Basic reticle regulation 2 8, Readout reticle regulation 1 9. Eyepiece fine regulation 10. R button (same as the “READ" button on the panel) 11. Eyepiece fixing screw 12. Working table fixing screw Hkindenter 49x 20% HV Indenter 2.1.2 Back View 1. Adjustable foundation screw 2. Up/Down hand wheel 3. Power supply switch and power supply socket 4, RS232 communication socket 5. Printer socket 6. XY motion platform socket 7. Load selection knob 8. Lamp filament Up/Down regulating screw 9. Lamp filament Fore/“Back regulating screw 10. Lamp filament Left/Right regulating screw Instruction Manual of Micro Vickers Hardness tester Vexu MHV-1000Z series 2.1.3 Left Side View 1. Indenter protection cover 2. Pulling rod of photograph optical path (Please pull it out when using PC-Control mode) 3. CCD and photograph optical path 2.2 Technical Standards Executed on the Instrument 1. National standard of the People’s Republic of China GB/T4340.2-1999 2. Safety performances (under conditions of the normal temperature, normal humidity and the atmospheric pressure of 88 - 106 kPa) Insulation resistance: Larger than SM Ohms. Dielectric strength: Capable of bearing the AC effective value 1500V voltage continuous test for 1 minute. (Default current is 10 mA). Leakage current: When the instrument is turned on and the voltage is 240V, the leakage current between the instrument and power supply should be less than 1 mA. 3, Warranty service: within 1 year from the delivery date of the instrument. 4, The maintenance service is a life-long service, 2.3 Basic Technical Parameters Model Vexus MHV-10007, Vexus MHV-1000ZK Code# 823-113 823-123 a 10,25,50,100, 200,300,500, 1000 Testing Force N 0.098,0.246,0.49,0.98,1.96,2.94,4.90,9.80 Indenter HV Indenter HV and HK indenter Lens&indenter Switch ‘Auto-Turret Indentation Measurement Digital Sensor Measurement Loading Control Automatic(Loading, Dwell, Unloading) ‘Magnification of Microscope Observation: 10X; Measurement :40X Digital Eyepiece Magnification: 10x ‘Auto Hardness Conversion HV, HRC, HB Hardness indication TED display Dwell Time. Adjustable 1~99s Testing Range THV~2967HV. XY Anvil size:100x1 00mm; Travel:25x25mm; Resolution: 2um Illumination Adjustable LED 6V,Cold light-source Display D1, D2, HV/HRC/HB/HK, Time Max. Height of Specimen 7omm Intrument Throat ‘95mm Power Supply ‘AC220V/50Hz;110V/60Hz Execution Standard ‘GB/T4340.2 EN-ISO6507, ASTMET0-18, ASTME-384 Instruction Manual of Micro Vickers Hardness tester Vexu MHV-1000Z series 3. Instrument Controlling System The controlling system of the instrument is mainly composed of four parts: power supply, controlling circuit board, interface circuit boards, LCD and panel keyboard. 3.1 Power Supply The switching power supply has the advantages of high reliability, high efficiency, small size, light weight, good stability and low failure rate. In addition, the wide input voltage range (95 - 125V / 185 - 250V) makes the instrument suitable for the majority of users. 3.2 Controlling Circuit Board 1. The controlling circuit is composed with MCU and dedicated chips of good-performance and high-reliability to guarantee high quality of the micro-hardness tester. 2. The step motor, synchronous motor, light source and buzzer are all separated and well driven with system IOs to prevent electrical system interference. 3. The software and the digital circuit use the automatic threshold value to ensure the accuracy of positioning. 4, The LED cold light source is used to achieve long life, no heat, clearer image and accuracy improvement. 5, The eyepiece uses the round encoder (OMRON) as the detecting unit, 1 0Opulses per cycle, The pitch of the eyepiece basic lead-screw is 0.5mm, and therefore every pulse corresponds to 0.005mm. Because the 40X objective lens is used in measuring. So the object magnified by 40 times is measured by the eyepiece, the true value of its measured object is: 0.005/40=0. 0001 25mm. Itis larger than 0.0001mm. Therefore, the system conducts the quadruple frequency multiplication electronic zoom processing for the output impulse of the encoder, for making the readout resolution is: 0.000125/4=0.00003125mm=0.03125um. The panel display takes 0.1um. The system possesses a higher digital display resolution and operating accuracy. 6. The controlling circuit board uses the independent push-pull structure. Therefore, no other connectors or chips need to be moved during installation or maintenance, which greatly reduce the man-made failures. In short, the system uses high-performance components, a reasonably sophisticated hardware and software. In terms of production and careful examination in practice, itis proved that the system has excellent performance and high stability, which realizes the highly-digitalized micro-hardness measurement. 3.3 Interface ‘uit Board 1. The Data line is used to connect the interface circuit board to the controlling board conveniently, which has a communication interface, printer interface and XY motion platform interface (This interface should be mentioned when ordering) 6 Instruction Manual of Micro Vickers Hardness tester Vexu MHV-1000Z series 2. The instrument is equipped with the RS232 communication interface to transfer data to the computer or to receive commands from it to execute some operations 3. The instrument is equipped with the printer interface. (The printer must be turned on after the instrumentis already turned on, and the Socket of the printers is D25 type.) We recommended the thermal WH-11 micro-printer to ensure performance, durability and stability. In addition, our software can help users to print out the reports needed. Itcan print HV, HRC, HB, HK test reports, Itcan 7 group of stored data, and identify and skip "0" data automatically. Press the “UP” or “DOWNY button on the panel keyboard to select the storage data to be printed, (Please refer to appendix 2 for report samples) 3.4 LCD and Panel Keyboard It is composed of the LCD screen, which is used for displaying the status and the measurement results, and the panel keyboard, which is used to input human commands. To avoid misoperation, interlocking technology is used 3.4.1 LCD Screen Display 1, The Ist line on the left side displays the value of indentation D1 2. The 2nd line on the left side displays the value of indentation D2. 3. The 3rd line on the left side displays HV, HRC, HB, HK values (selected by the “LEFT” button). 4. The 4th line on the left side displays the current time 5, The 1st line on the right side displays the data storage (measurement results can be deposited in the instrument) 6. The 2nd line on the right side displays the value of the load. 7. The 3rd line on the right side displays the dwell time (0 - 99 seconds). 8. The 4th line on the right side displays the lens selection (40X or 20X) 3.4.2 The Panel Keyboard Buttons 1. “UP”, “DOWN”: Select the stored data to be displayed (Enter the "SET" menu to delete or clear the data) 2. “RIGHT”: Select among HV, HK, HRC, HB types. 3. “LEFT”: Select lens between 40X and 20X. 4. “LOAD”: Press to stave 5. “READ”: Itis also known as the sampling button. When using the digital eyepiece, press “READ” button for one time to make the result take effect and stored into the instrument aiter aiming the D1 and D2 well. The MCU in the instruments put D1 or D2 values into memory, and the "@" on the LCD screen changes its position between D1 and D2 at the same time. HV will be calculated and displayed on the LCD screen after D2 is read in HB measurement, while HK will be calculated and displayed just after D1 is read 6. “ZERO”: Press this button to set the corresponding electronic encoder to zero in the eyepiece. In the reading process, it is used to set zero for the readout reticle. 7. “SET”: Refer to Appendix 1 for the detailed “SET” menu functions. 7 Instruction Manual of Micro Vickers Hardness tester Vexu MHV-1000Z series 4. Preparations 4.1 Packaging and Transportation Under the protection of the dust proof guard, the instrument is packaged in the wooden packaging case, the aviation, railway, highway and water transportation could be selected. The light placing, rain proof etc. should be noticed in the transportation process. Under the packaging and transportation conditions, the loading weights should be taken out from the instrument and stored separately. The loading lever should be isolated with the sponge, the instrument is fixed on the wooden plate, the weights and all accessories are placed in the Same wooden case. 4.2 Case Opening and Installation When the instrument arrives, the transportation quality should be examined carefully. If it, is damaged externally, please contact the shipping and insurance organizations for treating properly. The instrument belongs to the kind of non-installation, only according to the guiding of this, manual; the user could carry out the installation itself. 1. Case opening of the instrument 2. Take out accessories 3. Lift out the main machine 4, Remove four screws of fixing the wooden plate 5, Remove two screws that fix the instrument and wooden plate 6. Open the upper cover of the instrument 7. Take away the rear head screws of the lever (Please refer to the disk) 8. Use the special thread bar accompanied with the instrument for placing the totally seven weights in sequence from small to large into the weight disk. Notice to place the center flatly. The flange of the weight center should be upward, there are slots on the external cylinder of two large ones, and the direction shouldn’t be placed wrong. After all weights are placed into, turn the loading hand wheel up and down three times of making the weights at the central position. 9, Recover the upper cover plate of the instrument and tighten the fixing screw. 10. Screw off the protective cover of the diamond indenter, remove the anti-vibration cushion, and screw on the protective cover to the original place, and exam carefully, the original position must be tightened to. 4.3 Use Environment 1. The room temperature is at 2045 T, indoor relative humidity is less than 65 Instruction Manual of Micro Vickers Hardness tester Vexu MHV-1000Z series 2, Used in the clean environment of no vibration. 3. No corrosive gases in ambient circumstances. 4. The instrument should be installed on a stable and firm foundation, and the height should be suitable to the human eyes to observe. 5. Leveling the main machine: place the Tevel—meter at the center of XY motion platform, adjust four adjustable foundation screws under the main machine, observe that the bulb in the level meter is at the center position (four foundation screws must touch the table surface that bears the instrument, and keep stable), this work is very important, in daily work it must be checked with the level-meter if necessary. 6. Use the single—phase power supply with good grounding wire, the power consumed is less than 50 w. Under the situation that the distribution net is unstable, the serious interference exists and the normal work of the instrument is influenced on, it should be considered to take measures for adding the UPS etc. anti-interference and voltage regulating power supply, for ensuring the normal work of the instrument. Instruction Manual of Micro Vickers Hardness tester Vexu MHV-1000Z series 5. Operations 5.1 Turning On and Off the Instrument Aiter itis confirmed that the power supply inlet is single-phase power with a good grounding wire and the power supply socket is plugged-in firmly, to turn the power supply switch at “I” position, the instrument obtains the power, the control system of the instrument accomplishes the energizing automatically. The instrument recovers to the status of last stop. In case the instrument is at the indenting status during the stopping (Deenergizing), in order to protect the indenter, it will be lifted automatically during the turning on of the instrument. After the buzzer is sounded, the keyboard operation is entered into. To turn the switch at the “0” position, the instrument deenergizes, itis the shut off status. The measured data and instrument status are stored, and stored for a long time for the use in the next opening of the instrument. In case the electricity is shut off abruptly, please turn the switch at “0” position, it will be regarded as the shut-off status. 5.2 Specimen Preparation Because the specimen surface must have the metallic luster, and its surface roughness must be no larger than 0.2, so the preparation of the specimen is extremely important. In general, the specimen could be fixed in a fixture or inserted in a filling matter, after the machining by a fine grinding wheel, the specimen should be ground with the metallographic sand— paper of various numbers, if the effect is no good, it could be polished again by using the chromium oxide until the indentation could be seen clearly. When cutting or preparing the specimen, its structure and properties shouldn't be changed for the cause of heating and machine hardening. 5.3 Focusing and Illuminance Regulation The observation and measurement of the instrument are conducted through the optical magnification, just as the ordinary optical instrument, so the focus regulating should be conducted. The 40X, 20X objective lenses and the indenter are also homogeneously focused. Therefore, to correctly use the micro-hardness tester, the focusing should be conducted as well. Without the focusing, there is no measurement of the micro-hardness tester. The focusing of the instrument is regulated mainly by turning the up/down hand wheel of the working table. Turning the hand wheel clockwise and the working table ascends, while turning the hand wheel counterclockwise and it descends The focus of the instrument is about 0.4mm, Therefore, during the hand wheel rotates clockwise, the working table ascends, the distance between the objective tens and the specimen surface should be observed closely, when the focus range will be entered into soon, the hand wheel should be rotated slowly, for never impacting the lens to avoid the necessary loss. 10 Instruction Manual of Micro Vickers Hardness tester Vexu MHV-1000Z series In the focusing process, in case the illuminance in the view field range of the eyepiece is no good, then enter the “SET” menu to select the appropriate lighting strength 5.4 Setting the Dwell Time Enter the setting menu to set the dwell time, confirm the value and it will be displayed on the LCD screen. 5.5 Load Selection The instrument has eight grades of load. The necessary load could be selected by the knob at the upper right part of the instrument. There are figure labels on the knob, when the figure is aligned to the “.” label on the main body of the instrument, the load is selected, and the selected load is displayed on the LCD screen at the same time 5.6 Selecting the Scale The “LEFT” button can be used to select different testing scales among HY, HK, HRC and HB. The selection of HV and HK must depend upon the indenter, and their values are obtained by measurement, but the HRC and HB values are converted from the measured HV. 5.7 Selecting the Objective Lens The instrument has 40X and 20X objective lens. 40X lens is used for HV measuring, while 20X lens is used for HK measuring, it true multiplying power is stored in the no loss memory of the instrument. When the “RIGHT” button on the panel keyboard is pressed, the corresponding objective lens enters into the optical path and its position is displayed on the LCD screen The instrument has the tracing and positioning system. Whatever its initial position is, it could be reached automatically according to the command of the panel keyboard. 5.8 Identify the Location of the Image Plane Adjust the height of the polished surface of the object under measuring with the up/down hand wheel, and observe the image from the 20X or 40X objective lens until itis clear enough, because the lack of clarity will affect the accuracy. 5.9 Loading The loading is to conduct the micro HV or Knoop HK test on the specimen. When the “LOAD” button is pressed, the tower table rotates, leaves the 20X or 40X objective lens, and makes the indenter locating at the center position, then applying slowly the selected load toward the specimen, after the load is loaded completely on the specimen, the holding is conducted according to the dwell time displayed on the LCD screen. The dwell time displays in the count down manner and ends at the zero. After the indenter is lifted, it returns to the previous objective lens automatically. During the loading process, when it is required to interrupt the running, it could be done by pressing the “ZERO” button on the panel keyboard. After that, press “ZERO” button again to resume and the instrument will return to the corresponding objective lens If the power supply is corrupted while loading, please screw down the working platform first and then turn on the instrument, it will return the objective lens automatically. W Instruction Manual of Micro Vickers Hardness tester Vexu MHV-1000Z series 5.10 Measuring Aiter the loading is completed, a clear indentation is obtained on the specimen surface. To measure the D1 and D2 diagonals (HV testing) or D1 (HK testing) could obtain the corresponding hardness value HV or HK. The indentation and two parallel straight lines could be seen from the eyepiece, the latter are used for aiming the diagonal. To turn the hand wheel at the left of the eyepiece, two parallel lines move jointly, to turn the hand wheel at the fight of the eyepiece, only the right line moves. The round encoder detects the moving of the line. The counting is carried out by the corresponding electronic counter, and is displayed on the LCD screen. ZERO SETTING 7 TY Di Di Da(HVy) D2(HVy) D1(HK) 1. Zero setting Before measuring the indentation and diagonals, the zero point of the measuring must be established first, itis called as the zero setting also. The method is: during the D1 position, observe two aiming lines in the eyepiece, turn the right hand wheel, to make the left side of the right line tangential to the fight side of the left line. At the same time, press the “ZERO” button, to make the electronic counter of the round encoder zero. After that, in case the right line exceeds the zero point, then the counter is the negative counting, D1 or D2 displays negative value and the buzzer beeps to tell the operator. fight line moves at the right side of the leit line, it displays positive value, the symbol "+" is omitted, and itis the same as the traditional method of expressing the numerals. 2. Read D1 To turn the left hand wheel, for moving the fight side of the left line to the left vertex of the indentation diagonal, and making them tangential. Then to turn the right hand wheel, for moving the right side line left, and making its left side tangential to the fight vertex of the indentation diagonal, to press the “READ” button, D1 is sampled. In case the HK scale is used, then the Knoop hardness HK will be calculated automatically, displayed on the LCD screen and the measurement is completed. If the scale is HV, then it is necessary to measure D2 immediately. 12 Instruction Manual of Micro Vickers Hardness tester Vexu MHV-1000Z series 3. Read D2 Rotate the eyepiece by 90°manually to repeat the D1 method. When D2 measurement is completed, the instrument calculates HV at once display the results on the LCD. Zero and negative numbers are not read in 4. Display The hardness values are displayed on the third line on the leit side of the LCD screen. During the HK scale, only the diagonal D1 is measured then HK could be calculated and displayed. At the same time, the D1 positions shows the D1 value and the D2 position is replaced with "—---.-” During the HV scale, after D1 and D2 are both measured, then HV could be calculated, at the same time it converts into HRC and HB, which can be viewed by press the “LEFT” button on the pane keyboard. 5.11 Data Storing Aiter the lengths of D1 (HK scaleJand D2(HY scale) indentation diagonals are read, the MCU enters into the calculation procedure, and stores D1, D2, HV (HK), HRC and HB into the memory unit, whose position is indicated by COUNT. The instrument uses no loss memory to store the data for a long time, unless it is replaced by new data. 5.12 Using the Fixture Aiter the fixture is placed on the working table and fixed, the corresponding fixtures can be used for the specimens that need fixtures, to clamp the specimen tightly to conduct the measurement. 5.13 Indentation Center The center of the indentation can be adjusted to overlap with the center of the objective lens by screwing the three hexagonal screws. 13 Instruction Manual of Micro Vickers Hardness tester Vexu MHV-1000Z series 6. Repair and Maintenance The micro-hardness tester is designed and manufactured with the modern technology, and possesses the higher reliability and stability. The correct use and the noticing of the maintenance and upkeep will develop its excellent performances much better. 6.1 Routine Repair and Maintenance 1, Exam the power supply, the large voltage fluctuation and the strong interference should be avoided, and the good grounding wire should be ensured. 2. When it in not used for a long time, the storage environment, cleanness temperature and humidity of the instrument should be examined, It is best for the instrument to run with the energizing 3. After the use of the instrument is finished, cover the anti-dust guard to prevent the dust from entering into the instrument gaps 4. Itis prohibited to use the alcohol ete. solutions to wipe the instrument surface. The gasoline, cleaning agent or soap solution could be used to wipe lightly, and then to dry up with the clean gauze. 5. The wiping of the optical component should be conducted by using the long fiber cotton sticker dipped with the ether and alcohol mixture rits proportion is 5: 1). 6. The wiping of the indenter is same as above. But the indenter must be at the trial pressing status first, otherwise, the wiping couldn’t reach the position. The method is to turn the Up/ Down hand wheel of the working table, to make it descend to the place where there is a certain gap between the table surface and the dwell position of the indenter applying the pressure. To press “LOAD” button, during the dwell time, press the “ZERO” button on the panel keyboard to interrupt the dwell status, at this time the extending position of the indenter is the maximum, the wiping could be conducted. When wiping is finished, press the “ZERO” button again, the indenter recovers, and the instrument returns to the original status. This method is used also for replacing the indenter. 7. After the use of specimen is finished, it should be coated with grease to prevent the rust corrosion, 8. When itis required to move the working place of the instrument. itshould be conducted under the packaging transportation conditions 6.2 Troubleshooting The faults could be divided into 4 types: electric faults, photomechanical faults, mechantroni interface faults and operation faults. Because the instrument is very precision, in the absence 14 Instruction Manual of Micro Vickers Hardness tester Vexu MHV-1000Z series of clear cases, PLEASE DO NOT Open the instrument. Please take the following step when there isa fault. 1. The instrument should be no electric fault, then accomplished the automatic energizing, and entered into the normal panel operation. Otherwise, the “self-diagnosis” is all empty saying. In case the instrument is unable to enter into the panel operation, itis possible that the fault relates to the “electricity”. For a part of faults, the user could overcome it itself, the methods are as following: 1) The display doesn’t display totally Exam whether the power supply socket used for the instrument is energized. If not so, 220V and the good grounding wire should be ensured Exam whether the power supply socket on the instrument's rear plate is firm, and contacted well. Draw the small drawer, and exam whether the 2A fuse is good. When replacement is necessary, there is one standby fuse in the small drawer and it could be used for replacing. In addition, 3 fuses are prepared for use. In case there is no any problem, but the instrument still has no power, our company should be notified for the maintenance. 2) The display displays disorder and irregular character strokes To turn the power supply switch at the “O” status, and start again after 1 minute. If it still doesn’t change, itis possible that the instrument is unable to energize automatically and enter into the procedure to work, and then our company should be notified for the maintenance. 2. The instrument accomplishes the energizing automatically, please exam whether there is the fault in the following table. Fault Symptom Analysis Power Supply V5 or V12 LED off Power supply failure Intender Position Error _| Intender rising or dropping error_| Motor error or the arriving LED broken Stage do not move 20X, 40X position error Motor error or circuit problem Measurement Error Not counting or counting Encoder broken or mechanical incorrectly fault or circuit problem Light Source Led off, no light LED broken or circuit problem Load Encoder broken or Load Can not change load value circuit problem Printer Can not print report Printer broken or circuit problem Backup Battery Time display incorrectly Battery voltage too low (Replacement) When the above-mentioned failures occur, some of which need special testing programs or some experts, please notify our company, or you can also get technical support from out company for troubleshooting. Instruction Manual of Micro Vickers Hardness tester Vexu MHV-1000Z series 6.3 Attentions 1. When starting to use, make sure to avoid switching the machine on and off repeatedly. You can cut off the power supply by pressing power switch on the back panel only when you will no longer use it that day. 2, Do not insert anything, by which electric shock or circuit shocks may caused to any fire, electric shock, or other damages to this instrument, 3. Make sure to put it away from fire, heat sinks or heat regulator. 4, The apparatus contains MCU and high-precision single-chip circuits and components, please put it on a solid and flat surface, and don’t vibrate or knock it after switching it on. . The apparatus should not be placed near water, and no water is allowed to drop in when being used. Make sure no small metal parts will fall into the instrument to avoid short-circuit problem. 6. Do not put the apparatus near strong magnetic field 7. Bottom of this apparatus contains high voltage power supply and the circuit board, non- professionals have no permission to open or maintain the instrument, Please turn to professionals for help. 8. Nothing should be put on the instrument, especially on the LCD screen, and keep it clean and away from dust 9. li any abnormality occurs, please turn off the power immediately, unplug the power cord and contact us. 10. When value of hardness turns to be abnormal during using or after some time, please check if the value is within the error range by using the standard hardness blocks. 16 Instruction Manual of Micro Vickers Hardness tester Vexu MHV-1000Z series Appendix 1 “SET” Menu Functions Press the “SET” button on the operation panel as shown below to enter the setting panel, and change the parameters by using up, down, left and right button. At setting all the parameters properly, press “SET” button on the “quit” picture to quit. (8) (Z (Sa) [or elele Detailed usages are described as below: Set Dwell Time: 0 - 99 seconds. Set Light Level: values 0 - 15, the higher, the brighter. Parameter Calibration: DO NOT change it in daily use. REMEMBER the correct settings before change it any time. Motion Platform Controlling: Left and Right buttons: X-Axis motion, Up and Down: Y-Axis motion. Change the speed to be fast and slow by press “ZERO” button % LZ [© Delete or Clear Records: Delete the current record or Clear all the records. Computer Controlled: Press to enter Computer controlled mode. Press “SET” to return. [2] Set Time: Change the setting content by Left and Right buttons and change the value by Up and Down buttons Print the result by the printer connected to the tester. Q) Quit the setting panel to normal use 7 Instruction Manual of Micro Vickers Hardness tester Vexu MHV-1000Z series Appendix 2 Report Print Formats 1, HV Report Test Report Load (gt) :1000 Deel (s) Ne ifs) p2(um) HV 2. HRC/HB Report Ne Di(um) D2 (ua) AV 160.0 50,0 T41.862.1 3. HK Report Test Renert Load(gf): 200 Deel (s) Ne D1 (un) HK 1 50.0 1138.1 18 Instruction Manual of Micro Vickers Hardness tester Vexu MHV-1000Z series Appendix 3 Hardness Conversion Table (GB1172-74) HVv_[_HRe HB HV [HRC HB Hv [_HRe [HB 1037_| 70.0 543 | 52.0 320 | 34.0 | 314 i017 _|_ 69.5 534 | 51.5 316 | 33.5 | 316 297 | 69.0 525 | 51.0 312 | 33.0 | 306 78 | 685 517 | 50.5 308 [325 | 302 59 | 68.0 509 | 50.0 30a | 32.0 | 298 ear | 67.5 501 | 49.5 300 [315 | 294 923 | 67.0 493 | 49.0 296 | 31.0 | 297 906 | 665 465 | 48.5 292 | 305 | 267 369 [66.0 478 | 48.0 269 [| 30.0 | 283 872 | 65.5 470 [47.5 265 | 29.5 | 280 56 | 65.0 463 [| 47.0 | 449 281 | 29.0 | 276 a0 [645 456 [| 46.5 | 442 278 | 265 | 273 825 | 64.0 449 [46.0 [ 436 274 | 28.0 | 269 aio | 63.5 443 [45.5 27mi_| 27.5 | 266 795 | 63.0 436 [45.0 [ 424 268 | 27.0 | 263 760 | 625 429 [| 445 | 418 264 | 265 | 260 766 | 62.0 423 | 44.0 | 413 261 | 26.0 | 257 752 | 61.5 4i7_| 43.5 | 407 258 | 25.5 | 254 739 | 61.0 am [| 43.0 [401 255 [25.0 | 251 726 | 60.5 405 | 42.5 | 396 252 | 245 | 248 713 | 60.0 399 | 42.0 | 391 249 [24.0 | 245 7oo | 59.5 393 | 47.5 | 385 246 | 23.5 | 242 688 [59.0 368 [| 41.0 | 380 243 [23.0 | 240 676 | 585 382 | 40.5 | 375 240 [225 | 237 664 [58.0 377_| 40.0 | 370 237 | 22.0 | 234 653 | 57.5 372 | 39.5 | 365 234 [215 | 232 642 [57.0 367 | 39.0 | 360 zai [| 21.0 | 229 631 | 565 38.5 | 355 229 [205 | 227 620 | 56.0 38.0 | 350 226 [| 20.0 | 225 609 5 37.5 [345 223 [195 [222 599 a 3a7_ [| 37.0 [3m 221 19.0 | 220 589) 5 342 | 36.5 | 336 218 | 185 | 218 579 | 54.0 338 | 36.0 | 332 216 | 18.0 | 216 570 [535 333 [35.5 [327 aa | i75 [214 ser | 53.0 329 [| 35.0 | 323 201 17.0 [271 551 | 52.5 324 | 34.5 | 318 209 [16.5 | 209 19