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18th Century Material Culture

Tobacco
Growing
Tobacco
The Tobacco Plant
18th Century
(Private Collection)
Nicotiana Tabacum, from an Album (Vol.VII, 1); Tobacco. 1780
Drawn by Mary Delany
(The British Museum)
Nicotiana Rustica, from an Album (Vol.X, 47); Green Tobacco.
Drawn by Mary Delany 1782
(The British Museum)
“Slaves Working in 17th Century Virginia”
by Anonymous c. 1670
(Private Collection)
A View of a Tobacco Plantation in the West Indies
1685
(Private Collection)
“FABRIQUE DU TABAC.”
Mid 18th Century
(Wellcome Library)
Scottish Tobacco Lord, John Glassford, and Family,
by Archibald McLauchlan c. Mid 18th Century
(Glasgow Museums)
“A Surinam Planter in His Morning Dress”
c. 1772 - 1777
(Blake Archives)
“A Surinam Planter in His Morning Dress”
c. 1793
(The British Museum)
Recreated Tobacco Barn at the Godiah Spray Tobacco Plantation at Historic St. Mary’s City, Maryland
17th Century
(Historic St. Mary)
Tobacco Barn
18th Century
(National Colonial Farm)
Tobacco Barn
18th Century
(Private Collection)
“The Natural History of Coffee, Thee, Chocolate, Tobacco. …”
by John Chamberlayne 1684
(N.I.H. U.S. National Library of Medicine)
“A Treatise on Tobacco, Tea, Coffee, and Chocolate, …”
by Simon Paulli 1746
(N.I.H. U.S. National Library of Medicine)
Manufacturing
Tobacco
Agricultural and Rural Economy - Tobacco Manufacture
Denis Diderot 1762
(University of Michigan)
Agricultural and Rural Economy - Tobacco Manufacture
Denis Diderot 1762
(University of Michigan)
Agricultural and Rural Economy - Tobacco Manufacture
Denis Diderot 1762
(University of Michigan)
Agricultural and Rural Economy - Tobacco Manufacture
Denis Diderot 1762
(University of Michigan)
Agricultural and Rural Economy - Tobacco Manufacture
Denis Diderot 1762
(University of Michigan)
Agricultural and Rural Economy - Tobacco Manufacture
Denis Diderot 1762
(University of Michigan)
Agricultural and Rural Economy - Tobacco Manufacture
Denis Diderot 1762
(University of Michigan)
Agricultural and Rural Economy - Tobacco Manufacture
Denis Diderot 1762
(University of Michigan)
Agricultural and Rural Economy - Tobacco Manufacture
Denis Diderot 1762
(University of Michigan)
Agricultural and Rural Economy - Tobacco Manufacture
Denis Diderot 1762
(University of Michigan)
Agricultural and Rural Economy - Tobacco Manufacture
Denis Diderot 1762
(University of Michigan)
Agricultural and Rural Economy - Tobacco Manufacture
Denis Diderot 1762
(University of Michigan)
Agricultural and Rural Economy - Tobacco Manufacture
Denis Diderot 1762
(University of Michigan)
Agricultural and Rural Economy - Tobacco Manufacture
Denis Diderot 1762
(University of Michigan)
Agricultural and Rural Economy - Tobacco Manufacture
Denis Diderot 1762
(University of Michigan)
Twist Tobacco
(Reproduction)
Dutch Tobacco Shop
18th Century
(Private Collection)
Chinese Tobacco Cutter Print Made for the European Market
c. 1790
(Victoria & Albert)
Shipping Tobacco
The Hogshead
“A TOBACCO PLANTATION”
18th Century
(Private Collection)
“A map of the most inhabited part of Virginia containing the whole province of Maryland with part
of Pensilvania, New Jersey and North Carolina. Drawn by Joshua Fry & Peter Jefferson in 1751”
Showing Hogsheads of Tobacco Being Inspected & Shipped
(Library of Congress)
“A map of the most inhabited part of Virginia containing the whole province of Maryland with part
of Pensilvania, New Jersey and North Carolina. Drawn by Joshua Fry & Peter Jefferson in 1751”
Showing Hogsheads of Tobacco Being Inspected & Shipped
(Library of Congress)
“A map of the most inhabited part of Virginia containing the whole province of Maryland with part
of Pensilvania, New Jersey and North Carolina. Drawn by Joshua Fry & Peter Jefferson in 1751”
Showing Hogsheads of Tobacco Being Inspected & Shipped
(Library of Virginia)
“A map of the most inhabited part of Virginia containing the whole province of Maryland with part
of Pensilvania, New Jersey and North Carolina. Drawn by Joshua Fry & Peter Jefferson in 1751”
Showing Hogsheads of Tobacco Being Inspected & Shipped
(Library of Virginia)
“Representation of a Tent Boat, or Plantation Barge”
c. 1772 - 1777
(Private Collection)
Advertisement
Virginia Gazette, September 1, 1774
(Private Collection)
1975 Built Model of the Tobacco Ship “Brilliant”
Departed for Liverpool, England in the Summer of 1775
The Last of Its Kind to Sail Upon the Outbreak of Hostilities
Re-Rigged as a Ship of War for the British Navy in 1776
(National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institute)
Advertisement
Virginia Gazette, June 10, 1775
(Private Collection)
“THE COMMISSIONERS”
by M Darly 1778
(The British Museum)
“EXCISE IN TRIUMPH” / “Excise on a Hogshead of Tobacco”
Satire on the Excise Bill, 1733
(The British Museum)
“The Noble Stand: Or the Glorious CCIIII Sacred to their Immortal Honour down to the latest Posterity”
Satire on the Defeat of the Excise Bill 1733
(The British Museum)
Fan: Satire on the Excise Bill of 1733
c. 1733
(The British Museum)
“THE LONDON MERCHANT’S TRIUMPH”
1733
(The British Museum)
“Crying Wine and & Tobacco Forever”

“Brave News for Virginia”

“THE LONDON MERCHANT’S TRIUMPH”


1733
(The British Museum)
Plantation Owner - Possible Tobacco Paper
18th Century
(The British Museum)
Plantation Owner - Possible Tobacco Paper
18th Century
(New York Public Library)
Tobacconist
Trade Cards
English Trade Card for John Acton, Tobacconist & Snuff Maker, London
18th Century
(New York Public Library)
English Trade Card for Bayley, Tobacconist, Red Lion Square
c. 1760 - 1800
(The British Museum)
English Trade Card for Blanch’s, Sweeting’s Ally, London
c. 1760 - 1782
(The British Museum)
English Trade Card for Bowler’s Best, London
c. 1760 - 1782
(The British Museum)
English Trade Card for Bown’s BEST VIRGINIA, St. Martins Lane
c. 1760 - 1785
(The British Museum)
English Trade Card for George Browne, Distiller and Tobacconist, Southwark
c. 1757 - 1758
(Lewis Walpole Library)
English Trade Card for Carre, Tobacconist & Snuff Maker, London
c. 1760 - 1800
(The British Museum)
English Trade Card for Peter Cockburn, Tobacconist & Snuff Maker
c. 1760 - 1783
(The British Museum)
English Trade Card for Peter Cockburn, Tobacconist & Snuff Maker
c. 1760 - 1783
(The British Museum)
English Trade Card for J. Crowse, Tobacconist, London
c. 1760 - 1786
(The British Museum)
English Trade Card for Michael Crausaz, Tobacconist & Snuff Maker
c. 1760 - 1800
(The British Museum)
English Trade Card for Dowling, Tobacconist, London
c. 1760 - 1781
(The British Museum)
English Trade Card for Daniel Durus, Tobacconist & Snuff Maker
c. 1760 - 1807
(The British Museum)
English Trade Card for Eyeres, Tobacconist
c. 1760 - 1782
(The British Museum)
English Trade Card for Fanners, Tobacconist
c. 1760 - 1800
(The British Museum)
English Trade Card for Forth, Tobacconist
c. 1760 - 1790
(The British Museum)
English Trade Card for Freeman, Tobacconist
c. 1760 - 1782
(The British Museum)
Trade Card for “Fribourg’s Freyer at the Rasp & Crown”, London
c. 1781
(The British Museum)
English Trade Card for Thomas Fry, Snuffman and Tobacconist, London
c. 1757 - 1758
(Lewis Walpole Library)
English Trade Card for Jams. Haffenden, Tobacconist, London
c. 1757 - 1758
(Lewis Walpole Library)
English Trade Card for Richard Lee, Tobacconist, London
c. Mid 18th Century
(The British Museum)
English Trade Card for John Lucas, Tobacconist, London
c. 1743 - 1754
(The British Museum)
English Trade Card for R. Pullen, Tobacconist & Snuff Maker, Holborn
c. 1757 - 1758
(Lewis Walpole Library)
English Tobacconist Draft Trade Card
c. 1786
(The British Museum)
English Tobacconist Draft Trade Card
c. 1760 - 1800
(The British Museum)
English Tobacconist Draft Trade Card
c. 1760 - 1800
(The British Museum)
English Tobacconist Draft Trade Card
c. 1760 - 1800
(The British Museum)
Tobacco
Tokens
English Halfpenny Trade Token for John Audley, Tobacconist
1669
(The British Museum)
English Halfpenny Trade Token for John Audley, Tobacconist
1669
(The British Museum)
English Halfpenny Trade Token for John Audley, Tobacconist
1669
(The British Museum)
Tobacco
Papers & Labels
by Robert Laurie, Published by John Smirth after Robert Dighton 1779
(The British Museum)
Paper of Tobacco

Tapers
for
Lighting

by Robert Laurie, Published by John Smirth after Robert Dighton 1779


(The British Museum)
Paper of Tobacco

Detail of a Paper of Tobacco: “The Election Chairing a Member”


by William Hogarth 1755
(Public Domain)
“Frontspiece Act II, Scene IV.”
by Isaac Taylor 1771
(The British Library)
“Frontspiece Act II, Scene IV.”
by Isaac Taylor 1771
(The British Library)
Tobacco Paper - “Martin’s Best Virginia at the Tobacco Role in Bloomsbury Markett”
18th Century
(The British Library)
English Tobacco Paper - “Martin’s Best Virginia at the Tobacco Role in Bloomsbury Markett”
18th Century
(The British Library)
English Tobacco Label - “Ford’s Virginia At the Dagger upon Bread - Street - Hill near Queen - Hih London”
18th Century
(Private Collection)
English Tobacco Label - “Ketcherell’s Virginia in Sandwich in Kent”
18th Century
(Private Collection)
English Tobacco Label - “Newman’s best Virginia No. 17 Shoreditch”
c. 1750
(The British Museum)
English Tobacco Label - “Carrington’s Best Mild York-River Tobacco, London”
18th Century
(Private Collection)
English Tobacco Label - “Margerum’s Best Virginia at Church Street in Hackney”
c. 1740 - 1770
(The British Museum)
English Tobacco Label - “N.B.”
c. 1740 - 1770
(The British Museum)
English Tobacco Label - “ROLLS’s Best Virginia in Whites - Alley Chancery - Lane, LONDON”
18th Century
(The British Museum)
English Tobacco Label - “The Virginia Planters Best TOBACCO”
c. 1750
(Colonial Williamsburg)
English Tobacco Label - “COTTERELL’S Best Virginia, Crown Street, SOHO SQUARE”
c. 1765
(The British Museum)
English Tobacco Label - “I.B.”
c. 1740 - 1770
(The British Museum)
English Tobacco Label - “The WISH / Sancho's Best Trinidado at No. 19 Charles Street, Westminster”
c. 1774 - 1780
(The British Museum)
English Tobacco Label
18th Century
(The British Museum)
English Tobacco Label - (Ignatius) “Sancho's Best Trinidado”
c. 1774 - 1780
(The British Museum)
English Tobacco Label - “FINE VIRGINIA”
byThomas Bewick c. 1778 - 1790
(The British Museum)
English Tobacco Label - “BEST VIRGINIA”
1785
(The British Museum)
William Harvey:
"There is a lust in man no chain can tame.
Of loudly publishing his neighbor's shame.
On eagles wings immoral scandals flies. While
virtuous actions are but born and dies."

English Tobacco Label - “BEST VIRGINIA”


1785
(The British Museum)
English Tobacco Label - “Stolte’s Best Virginia”
c. 1789
(The British Museum)
“The brewer he has sent his clerk,
and I must pay my score.
For if I trust and am not paid,
what shall I do for more."

English Tobacco Label - “Stolte’s Best Virginia”


c. 1789
(The British Museum)
English Tobacco Paper - “SIMPER’S BEST VIRGINIA”
18th Century
(Private Collection)
English Tobacco Paper - “HALF CNASSER”
18th Century
(Private Collection)
English Tobacco Paper - “AB IN MERCUUR, ...”
18th Century
(Private Collection)
English Tobacco Paper - “No. SUPERFINE KNASSER TABAK”
18th Century
(Private Collection)
English Tobacco Paper - “Best Virginia”
18th Century
(New York Public Library)
English Tobacco Paper - “Cambridge’s Best Virginia / Horse Ferry, Rotherhithe”
18th Century
(New York Public Library)
English Tobacco Paper
18th Century
(New York Public Library)
English Tobacco Papers
18th Century
(New York Public Library)
Tobacco
“Pricks”
“Pricks” of Tobacco

“Pricks” of Tobacco can be documented for use on board sailing vessels of the 18th and early 19th
Century. In the 19th Century, they were also referred to as “Carrots” of Tobacco.

A “Prick” consisted of overlapping tobacco leaves laid upon a square sheet of linen cloth. Piled
higher in the middle than at the ends of the cloth, these tobacco leaves were dampened with
sprinkles of water and / or rum to keep them moist. The “Prick” was then formed by rolling and
compressing the cloth into a tapered bundle resembling the shape of a cigar. It was held
together by wrapping or hitching a cord securely around the bundle.
A “Prick” of Tobacco
Likely Early - Mid 19th Century
(McTear’s Auctions)
A “Prick” or “Carrot” of Tobacco
19th Century
(Museum of the Fur Trade)
“Pricks” of Tobacco

The Proceedings of the Old Bailey

“Benjamin Perry was indicted, for that he, together with Lewis Hebourn , Charles Osbourn ,
and Jockey Paterson, not yet taken, did steal one hundred pounds weight of tobacco, value 3 l. 10
s. the goods of John Sydenham and Robert Hudson , in a certain ship lying on the river
Thames . Jan. 10 .

Samuel Vinton. Benjamin Perry , Lewis Hebourn , John Paterson and myself, about the latter
end of December or beginning of January last, we went to work to deliver a ship belonging to
captain Young of some staves; she lay in Bell-dock, Shadwell; the first day we began to work the
prisoner took away a prick of tobacco from among the staves, and, put it into my coat-pocket,
and I carried it on shore; I went to sell it but could not, then he took it and went and sold it for
two-and-twenty-pence, and brought the money.

Q. Did you know of his putting it into your pocket?


Vinton. I did, and we were to share it among us.
Q. What did he give you for your part when he had sold it?
Vinton. He gave me five-pence-halfpenny, the next that was taken out of the ship was betwixt the
prisoner, Lewis Hebourn and John Paterson , there were nineteen pounds weight of it.”
From: “The Chapters”
by Nauticus 1777
Cigars / Segars
“The Indians in their Robes in Councel, and Smoaking tobacco after their way.”
by Lionel Wafer c. 1660 - 1705
(John Carter Brown Library, Brown University)
“The Habit of a Malayan and his Wife at Batavia”
Nieuhoff 1744 (First Published in 1699)
“The Habit of a Malayan and his Wife at Batavia”
Nieuhoff 1744 (First Published in 1699)
Advertisement
New York Mercury
3 September, 1764
Advertisement
New York Journal
August 8, 1771
Advertisement
Pennsylvania Packet
18 July, 1778
Advertisement
Pennsylvania Packet
26 December, 1780
New York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury
10 September, 1781
Journal of Lt. William McDowell
1st Pennsylvania Regiment

Jan. 10, 1781 --

“This morning I mounted the Governor's Guard -- Being an entire stranger, and no person to
introduce me to him or family, I was neglected by him at dinner time, but Mr. Foshaw and
inhabitant of the place invited me to dine with him, which I did. In the evening about sunset,
Governor Rutledge sent for me and appologised for the neglect. I spent the afternoon very
agreeably, drinking wine and smoking segars."
1787
Advertisement
Newport Mercury
May 7, 1787
Trade Card of Peter & George Lorillard of New York
May 27, 1789
Advertisement
New York Advertiser 1789
The Adams Letters

Letter from Abigail Adams to John Adams, 16 - 18 February 1793

“... concerns occur that I wish to mention. Dr. Tufts desires me to mention to you Clover seed.
He wishes Brisler to inquire the Price and if it can be purchased as low as 10 pence or a shilling
pr pound. To procure a Barrel of it and ship it round tis 18 pence here and he says we shall want
some and he will take the rest. Another article I would mention is some Porter and some Segars
for your comfort ...”

Letter from John Adams to Abigail Adams, 29 January 1795

“... a little over or a little Under sat smooking segars, drinking burgundy and Madeira and
talking Politicks till almost Eleven O Clock. This will do once in a great While, not often for me.
In Senate We have no Feelings this session. All is cool. No Passions.. No Animation in Debate.
I never Sat in any public Assembly, so serenely. What Storm may be preparing I know not. A
great Calm at sea and an ...”
The Adams Letters

Letter from John Adams to Abigail Adams, 26 January 1796

“... blunder -some carlessness of theirs -- in Philadelphia -- New York or Boston. Or Perhaps
Mam is Sick -- Oh dear! Rhumatisms -- Oh dear! Fever and Ague! Thus peevishly, fretfully and
unphilosophically was Yesterday passed. Yet to divert it I read a Number of Books in Cowpers
Homer and Smooked I know not how many Segars. I have had the Agreable Society of Josiah
Quincy and Martin Lincoln ...”

Letter from Abigail Adams to John Adams, 10 April 1796

“... plows as deep. The cattle cannot draw so firm. What a Jumble are my Letters. Politicks,
Domestick occurrences, Farming annecdotes. Pray light Your Segars with them. Leave them
not to the inspection of futurity, for they will never have any other value than that of giving
information for the present moment of upon those subjects which interest you and Your
affectionate A Adams ...”
Acknowledgements

The material contained within these slideshows is presented for educational purposes only. The
18th Century Material Culture Resource Center does not personally own any of the items
depicted herein and is indebted to the countless museums, libraries, and private collectors who
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made to credit these organizations and individuals for their contributions as best as possible.

If there is a question you have regarding a particular item featured within a presentation, please
contact the 18th Century Material Culture Resource Center and we will try to answer your
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Thank you!

- The 18th Century Material Culture Resource Center