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PSY270 / PSY 270 / CheckPoint: Research Methods

PSY270 / PSY 270 / CheckPoint: Research Methods

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CheckPoint: Research Methods
PSY 270 Abnormal Psychology
Course Syllabus Page 9
· Resource: Appendix B
· Due Date: Day 5 [post to the Individual forum]
· Complete the chart found in Appendix B.
· Post your completed chart as an attachment
CheckPoint: Research Methods
PSY 270 Abnormal Psychology
Course Syllabus Page 9
· Resource: Appendix B
· Due Date: Day 5 [post to the Individual forum]
· Complete the chart found in Appendix B.
· Post your completed chart as an attachment

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Appendix B Research Methods
List the advantages and disadvantages of the following research methods: Research Method Case Study Advantages Disadvantages

• This scientific method allows for case studies to be made that give in-depth insight into the individual or small groups. • This can help in working with problems that are not exhibited across large population bases. • The study is conducted by taking notes on the subjects and then forming a specific hypothesis that allows other researchers to see the material and make their own comparisons to their patient base. This provides a wider base of subjects and can offer insight that a practitioner may not be able to reach otherwise. • Validity is also tested with case studies by comparing new theories with older one and comparing the value of different therapeutic

These include: • Researcher bias toward a specific outcome or view of cause/effect may cause a shift in study results. • The case study only applies to small groups of individuals and is not valid for all treatment requirements in the general population. • The study is not by its nature objective • It lacks the ability to be repeated and verified • It defines statistical analysis requirements.

This manipulation allows for the observer to see the • Results are generalized which means they may not apply when being used to assist a given individual. • The method fails to account for any third variable that may be present. • This method allows for manipulation of one of these variables (termed the independent variable). This is true except in cases when the patient presents with problems not found in the general population. These studies can be applied to a specific measured problem. Experimental Method • A relationship can be shown between two variables. • Epidemiological studies can be performed by random sampling. Correlational Method • This method is preferred for treatment and therapy design development. • This method is scientifically repeatable and therefore can be used in longitudinal studies to link two variables. This must be taken into account when . This severely limits the reliability of the information for use in individual treatment programs. This gives a higher predictability for application to the general population. • This method allows for statistical analysis of two variables. • Results are generalized which means they may not apply when being used to assist a given individual. • This method fails to explain any correlational connection that is revealed in the study.techniques.

. • The use of random assignment is employed to prevent unrelated variables such as ethnic.e. • Test environments can be strictly controlled to limit the confounds of a third variable. • Double blind can also be employed to prevent the experimenter from exerting an uncontrolled or bias effect on the outcome.effect that the variables exert on each other (i. A control group is studied in this method so that the experimental group can be compared to it. • These controls allow for statistical information to be obtained through the experimental method that can indicate cause clearly. • These studies are easily replicable and using the information derived from these types of studies. the independent variable exerts on the dependent variable). • Blind design can be employed in this method. • Statistical analysis may be performed on this data set. economic or cultural backgrounds to skew the data set.

.they can be applied to the general population to test their validity.

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